List of Prime Ministers of Spain

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
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Foreign relations

The following is the list of those who have served as President of the Government (i.e., the Prime Minister) of Spain. It also includes similar offices presiding over the Council of Ministries since the position gained a significant power.

Kingdom of Spain (1705–1873)[edit]

Secretaries of the Universal Bureau[edit]

Picture Name From Until Head of State
(Term)
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg Pedro Fernández del Campo y Angulo,
Marquis of Mejorada
11 July 1705 15 April 1714 King Philip V
(1700–1724)
Felipe V de España.jpg
Manuel de Vadillo y Velasco 15 April 1714 30 November 1714
José de Grimaldo y Gutiérrez de Solórzano
Marquis of Grimaldo
1st time
30 November 1714 14 January 1724
Juan Bautista de Orendáin y Azpilicueta
1st time
14 January 1724 4 September 1724 King Louis I
(1724)
Luis I, rey de España.jpg
José de Grimaldo y Gutiérrez de Solórzano
Marquis of Grimaldo
2nd time
4 September 1724 12 December 1725 King Philip V
(1724–1746)
Felipe V de España.jpg
Johan Willem Ripperda.jpg Juan Guillermo Ripperdá
Duke and Baron of Ripperdá
12 December 1725 14 April 1726
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg José de Grimaldo y Gutiérrez de Solórzano
Marquis of Grimaldo
3rd time
14 April 1726 1 October 1726
Juan Bautista Orendáin y Azpilicueta
Marquis of La Paz
2nd time
1 October 1726 21 November 1734

First Secretaries of State[edit]

Picture Name From Until Head of State
(Term)
JoséPatiñoMuseoNaval.jpg José de Patiño y Rosales 21 November 1734 3 November 1736 King Philip V
(1724–1746)
Felipe V de España.jpg
Sebastian de la Cuadra.jpg Sebastián de la Cuadra y Llerena
1st Marquis of Villarías
26 November 1736 4 December 1746
José de Carvajal y Lancaster.jpg José de Carvajal y Lancaster 4 December 1746 9 April 1754 King Ferdinand VI
(1746–1759)
Rey Fernando VI.jpg
12th Duke of Alba by Mengs.jpg Fernando de Silva Mendoza y Toledo
Duke of Hueścar
9 April 1754 15 May 1754
Ricardo Wall.jpg Ricardo Wall y Devreux 15 May 1754 10 August 1759
10 August 1759 9 October 1763 King Charles III
(1759–1788)
Charles III of Spain.jpg
Jerónimo Grimaldi.jpg Pablo Jerónimo de Grimaldi y Pallavicini
Duke of Grimaldi
9 October 1763 19 February 1777
Floridablanca.JPG José Moñino y Redondo
Count of Floridablanca
19 February 1777 14 December 1788
14 December 1788 28 February 1792 King Charles IV
(1788–1808)
Carlos IV de rojo.jpg
Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea, Count of Aranda.jpg Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea y Ximénez de Urrea
Count of Aranda
Acting
28 February 1792 15 November 1792
Manuel de Godoy y Alvarez de Faria, 1er Duque de Alcúdia; retratado por Agustín Esteve.JPG Manuel de Godoy y Álvarez de Faria
Duke of Alcudia
15 November 1792 28 March 1798
Francisco-Saavedra-by-Goya.jpg Francisco Saavedra de Sangronis
Acting until 6 September 1798
30 March 1798 21 February 1799
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg Mariano Luis de Urquijo y Muga
Acting
12 February 1799 13 December 1799
Pedro Cevallos Guerra
1st time
13 December 1799 3 March 1808
Gonzalo O'Farrill y Herrera
Acting
3 March 1808 19 March 1808
Pedro Cevallos Guerra
2nd time
19 March 1808 7 July 1808 King Ferdinand VII
(1808)
Ferdinand VII of Spain (1814) by Goya.jpg
Mariano Luis de Urquijo y Muga
2nd time
7 July 1808 27 June 1813 King Joseph I
(1808–1813)
Joseph-Bonaparte.jpg
JuanODonoju.jpg Juan O'Donoju O'Ryan
Acting
10 October 1813 17 October 1813
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg Fernando de Laserna
Acting
17 October 1813 3 December 1813
José Luyando
Acting
3 December 1813 4 May 1814 King Ferdinand VII
(1813–1833)
Ferdinand VII of Spain (1814) by Goya.jpg
Retrato del Duque de San Carlos.jpg José Miguel de Carvajal-Vargas y Manrique de Lara
Duke of San Carlos
4 May 1814 15 November 1814
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg Pedro Cevallos Guerra
3rd time
15 November 1814 24 January 1816
Juan Esteban Lozano de Torres 24 January 1816 26 January 1816
Pedro Cevallos Guerra
4th time
26 January 1816 30 October 1816
José García de León y Pizarro 30 October 1816 14 September 1818
Carlos Martínez de Irujo y Tacón.jpg Carlos Martínez de Irujo y Tacón
Marquis of Casa Irujo
Acting
14 September 1818 12 June 1819
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg Manuel González Salmón y Gómez de Torres
Acting
12 June 1819 12 September 1819
Joaquín José Melgarejo y Saurín
Duke of San Fernando de Quiroga
12 September 1819 18 March 1820
Juan Jabat Aztal
Acting
18 March 1820
Evaristo Pérez de Castro.jpg Evaristo Pérez de Castro y Brito 18 March 1820 2 March 1821
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg Joaquín Anduaga Cuenca
Acting
2 March 1821 23 April 1821
Francisco de Paula Escudero
Acting
23 April 1821
Eusebio Bardají y Azara 23 April 1821 8 January 1822
Ramón López Pelegrín
Acting
8 January 1822 24 January 1822
José Gabriel de Silva y Bazán
Marquis of Santa Cruz
24 January 1822 30 January 1822
Ramón López Pelegrín
Acting
30 January 1822 28 February 1822
MartinezRosa-1-.jpg Francisco Martínez de la Rosa 28 February 1822 5 August 1822
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg Evaristo Fernández San Miguel y Valledor
Acting from 28 February 1822
5 August 1822 25 April 1823
José Manuel Vadillo
Acting
25 April 1823 7 May 1823
Santiago Usoz y Mozi
Acting
7 May 1823 13 May 1823
José María Pando de la Riva y Ramírez de Laredo 13 May 1823 29 August 1823
Luis María de Salazar y Salazar
Acting
29 August 1823 4 September 1823
Juan Antonio Yandiola Garay
Acting
4 September 1823 6 September 1823
José Luyando
2nd time
6 September 1823 1 October 1823
Víctor Damián Sáez y Sánchez-Mayor
Acting until 7 August 1823
Counter-government until 1 October 1823
25 April 1823 2 December 1823
Carlos Martínez de Irujo y Tacón.jpg Carlos Martínez de Irujo y Tacón
Marquis of Casa Irujo
2nd Time
2 December 1823 18 January 1824
Conde de Ofalia.JPG Narciso Fernández de Heredia y Begines de los Ríos
Count of Ofalia
18 January 1824 11 July 1824
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg Luis María de Salazar y Salazar
Acting
11 July 1824
Francisco Cea Bermúdez
1st time
11 July 1824 24 October 1825
Pedro de Alcántara Álvarez de Toledo y Salm Salm, XIII duque del Infantado (Museo del Prado).jpg Pedro Alcantara Álvarez de Toledo y Salm Salm
Duke of the Infantado
24 October 1825 19 August 1826
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg Manuel González Salmón y Gómez de Torres
Acting until 15 October 1830
19 August 1826 20 January 1832
Francisco Tadeo Calomarde.jpg Francisco Tadeo Calomarde y Arría
Acting
20 January 1832 22 February 1832
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg Antonio de Saavedra y Frígola, conde de Alcudia
Acting
22 February 1832 1 October 1832
José Cafranga Costilla
Acting
1 October 1832 29 November 1832
Francisco Cea Bermúdez
2nd time
29 November 1832 15 January 1834

Prime Ministers (Presidents of the Council of Ministers)[edit]

Political Persuasion:       No affiliation       Liberal conservative       Social democrat       Liberal progressive       Centrist       Military

Picture Name From Until Political Party Head of State
(Term)
MartinezRosa-1-.jpg Francisco Martínez de la Rosa 15 January 1834 7 June 1835 Moderate Royalist Queen Dowager Maria Christina
Regent for
Queen Isabella II

(1833–1840)
Mariacristina.jpg
Conde-de-Toreno.jpg José María Queipo de Llano Ruiz de Saravia
Count of Toreno
7 June 1835 14 September 1835
Don Miguel Ricardo de Alava by William Salter cropped.jpg Miguel Ricardo de Álava Esquivel
Rejected his nomination, staying as the Spanish ambassador in London
14 September 1835 25 September 1835 Progressive
Juan Alvarez Mendizabal.jpg Juan Álvarez Mendizabal 25 September 1835 15 May 1836
Francisco Javier Istúriz.jpg Francisco Javier Isturiz y Montero
Acting, 1st time
15 May 1836 14 August 1836 Moderate
Calatrava.jpg José María Calatrava
Acting
14 August 1836 18 August 1837 Progressive
Baldomero Espartero.jpg Baldomero Espartero
Count of Luchana
1st time
18 August 1837 18 October 1837
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg Eusebio Bardají y Azara 18 October 1837 16 December 1837 Moderate
Conde de Ofalia.JPG Narciso de Heredia y Begines de los Ríos
Count of Ofalia
16 December 1837 6 September 1838
Bernardino Fernández de Velasco y Benavides-Duque de Frías.JPG Bernardino Fernández de Velasco, 14th Duke of Frías 6 September 1838 9 December 1838
Alaix-galería.jpg Isidro de Alaix Fábregas
Acting
9 December 1838
Evaristo Pérez de Castro.jpg Evaristo Pérez de Castro Brito 9 December 1838 18 July 1840
Antonio González González.jpg Antonio González y González
1st time
20 July 1840 12 August 1840 Progressive
Ferraz.JPG Valentín Ferraz y Barrau 12 August 1840 28 August 1840
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg Modesto Cortázar
Acting
29 August 1840 11 September 1840 Moderate
Vicente Sancho redondeado.png Vicente Sancho 11 September 1840 16 September 1840
Baldomero Espartero.jpg Baldomero Espartero
Duke of Victory
2nd time
16 September 1840 10 May 1841 Progressive Baldomero Espartero
Regent for
Queen Isabella II

(1840–1843)

Baldomero Espartero, Prince of Vergara.jpg
Goya JoaquinFerrer.200.jpg Joaquín María de Ferrer y Cafranga 10 May 1841 20 May 1841
Antonio González González.jpg Antonio González y González
2nd time
20 May 1841 17 June 1842
Retrato del general Rodil (Dionisio Fierros Álvarez).jpg José Ramón Rodil y Campillo
Marquis of Rodil
17 June 1842 9 May 1843
Joaquín María López.png Joaquín María López
1st time
9 May 1843 19 May 1843
Don Álvaro Gómez Becarra.jpg Álvaro Gómez Becerra 19 May 1843 23 July 1843
Joaquín María López.png Joaquín María López
2nd time
23 July 1843 20 November 1843 Queen Isabella II
(1833/1843–1868)
Isabel II of Spain.jpg
Salustiano Olózaga.jpg Salustiano Olózaga 20 November 1843 5 December 1843 Moderate
Luis Gonzales Bravo.jpg Luis González Bravo
1st time
5 December 1843 3 May 1844 Progressive
Ramon Maria de Narvaez by Vicente Lopez 1772 1850.jpg Ramón María Narváez
Duke of Valencia
1st time
3 May 1844 12 February 1846 Moderate
(Década Moderada)
Marques de miraflores.jpg Manuel Pando Fernández de Pinedo
Marquis of Miraflores
1st time
12 February 1846 16 March 1846
Ramon Maria de Narvaez by Vicente Lopez 1772 1850.jpg Ramón María Narváez
Duke of Valencia
2nd time
16 March 1846 5 April 1846
Francisco Javier Istúriz.jpg Francisco Javier Isturiz y Montero
2nd time
5 April 1846 28 January 1847
Carlos mirujo sotomayor.jpg Carlos Martínez de Irujo
Marquis of Casa Irujo, Duke of Sotomayor
28 January 1847 28 March 1847
JoaquinFranciscoPacheco.jpg Joaquín Francisco Pacheco y Gutiérrez Calderón 28 March 1847 31 August 1847
Marqués de Salamanca joven.jpg José de Salamanca y Mayol 31 August 1847 12 September 1847
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg Florencio García Goyena 12 September 1847 4 October 1847
Ramon Maria de Narvaez by Vicente Lopez 1772 1850.jpg Ramón María Narváez
Duke of Valencia
3rd time
4 October 1847 19 October 1849
Serafín María de Soto.gif Serafín María de Sotto, 3rd Count of Clonard
Appointment revoked before he could take office
19 October 1849 20 October 1849
Ramon Maria de Narvaez by Vicente Lopez 1772 1850.jpg Ramón María Narváez
Duke of Valencia
4th time
20 October 1849 14 January 1851
Juan Bravo Murillo.jpg Juan Bravo Murillo 14 January 1851 14 December 1852
Conde de alcoy.JPG Federico de Roncali, 1st Count of Alcoy 14 December 1852 14 April 1853
Francisco Lersundi Hormaechea.jpg Francisco de Lersundi y Hormaechea 14 April 1853 19 September 1853
Luis José Sartorius.jpg Luis José Sartorius
Count of San Luis
19 September 1853 17 July 1854
Fernándo Fernández de Córdova, 2nd Marquis of Mendigorría.jpg Fernando Fernández de Córdova 17 July 1854 18 July 1854
DuquedeRivas.jpg Ángel de Saavedra y Ramírez de Baquedano
Duke of Rivas
18 July 1854 19 July 1854
Baldomero Espartero.jpg Baldomero Espartero
Duke of Victory
3rd time
19 July 1854 14 July 1856 Progressive
Leopoldo O'Donnell.jpg Leopoldo O'Donnell y Jorris
1st time
14 July 1856 12 October 1856 Unión Liberal
Ramon Maria de Narvaez by Vicente Lopez 1772 1850.jpg Ramón María Narváez
Duke of Valencia
5th time
12 October 1856 15 October 1857 Moderate
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg Francisco Armero y Peñaranda
Marquis of Nervión
15 October 1857 14 January 1858
Francisco Javier Istúriz.jpg Francisco Javier Isturiz y Montero
3rd time
14 January 1858 30 June 1858
Leopoldo O'Donnell.jpg Leopoldo O'Donnell y Jorris
2nd time
30 June 1858 2 March 1863 Unión Liberal
Marques de miraflores.jpg Manuel Pando Fernández de Pinedo
Marquis of Miraflores
2nd time
2 March 1863 17 January 1864 Moderate
Lorenzo Arrazola y García.jpg Lorenzo Arrazola y García 17 January 1864 1 March 1864
Alejandro Mon.png Alejandro Mon Menéndez 1 March 1864 16 September 1864 Unión Liberal
Ramon Maria de Narvaez by Vicente Lopez 1772 1850.jpg Ramón María Narváez
Duke of Valencia
6th time
16 September 1864 21 June 1865 Moderate
Leopoldo O'Donnell.jpg Leopoldo O'Donnell y Jorris
3rd time
21 June 1865 10 July 1866 Unión Liberal
Ramon Maria de Narvaez by Vicente Lopez 1772 1850.jpg Ramón María Narváez
Duke of Valencia
7th time
10 July 1866 23 April 1868 Moderate
Luis Gonzales Bravo.jpg Luis González Bravo
2nd time
23 April 1868 19 September 1868 Progressive
Lesser Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1834-1930) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg José Gutiérrez de la Concha, 1st Marquis of Havana 19 September 1868 30 September 1868 Moderate
Pascual madoz.jpg Pascual Madoz
Acting
30 September 1868 3 October 1868 No formal
Head of State
Francisco-serrano.jpg Francisco Serrano y Domínguez
Duke of La Torre, Count of San Antonio
1st time
3 October 1868 18 June 1869 Liberal Union
Prim madrazo.jpeg General Juan Prim y Prats
Marquis of Los Castillejos, Count of Reus, Viscount of Bruch
18 June 1869 27 December 1870 Progressist Liberal Regent Francisco Serrano y Domínguez
(1869–1870)
Topete.jpg Juan Bautista Topete y Carballo
Acting
27 December 1870 4 January 1871 Liberal Union King Amadeo
(1870–1873)
Amadeo I, rey de España.jpg
Francisco-serrano.jpg Francisco Serrano y Domínguez
Duke of La Torre, Count of San Antonio
2nd time
4 January 1871 24 July 1871
RuizZorrilla.png Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla
1st time
24 July 1871 5 October 1871 Democratic
José Malcampo, 3rd Marquis of San Rafael.jpg José Malcampo y Monge
Marquis of San Rafael, Count of Jolo
5 October 1871 21 December 1871
Portrait of Praxedes Mateo Sagasta.jpg Práxedes Mateo Sagasta
1st time
12 December 1871 26 May 1872 Progressist Liberal
Topete.jpg Juan Bautista Topete y Carballo
Acting
26 May 1872 4 June 1872 Liberal Union
Francisco-serrano.jpg Francisco Serrano y Domínguez
Duke of La Torre, Count of San Antonio
3rd time
4 June 1872 13 June 1872
Fernándo Fernández de Córdova, 2nd Marquis of Mendigorría.jpg Fernando Fernández de Córdova
Acting
13 June 1872 16 June 1872 Moderate Liberal
RuizZorrilla.png Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla
2nd time
16 June 1872 12 February 1873 Democratic-Republican

First Spanish Republic (1873–1874)[edit]

Prime Ministers (Presidents of the Provisional Government)[edit]

Political Persuasion:       No affiliation       Liberal conservative       Social democrat       Liberal progressive       Centrist       Military

Picture Name From Until Political leaning Head of State
(Term)
Figueras y Moragas.jpg Estanislao Figueras y Moragas 12 February 1873 11 June 1873 Federal republican Prime Minister
was also
Head of State
Francisco Pi y Margall.jpg Francisco Pi y Margall 11 June 1873 18 July 1873
Nicolas Salmeron.jpg Nicolás Salmerón Alonso 18 July 1873 7 September 1873 Moderate republican
Emilio Castelar Ripoll 1901 Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida.jpg Emilio Castelar y Ripoll 7 September 1873 4 January 1874 Unitary republican
Francisco-serrano.jpg Francisco Serrano y Domínguez
4th time
4 January 1874 26 February 1874 Conservative republican dictatorship
Juan de Zavala y de la Puente.jpg Juan de Zavala y de la Puente 26 February 1874 3 September 1874
Portrait of Praxedes Mateo Sagasta.jpg Práxedes Mateo Sagasta
2nd time
3 September 1874 30 December 1874 Liberal
Amadeo I abdicates.
Republic declared
Seville declares itself a Canton
The cantonal revolution starts
Military coup by Gen. Pavía
Coup by Gen. Martínez Campos.
Monarchy restored in Alfonso XII
|
1873
|
1874
|
1875

Prime Ministers of Spain during the First Republic

Kingdom of Spain (1874–1931)[edit]

Prime Ministers (Presidents of the Council of Ministers)[edit]

Political Persuasion:       No affiliation       Liberal conservative       Social democrat       Liberal progressive       Centrist       Military

Picture Name From Until Political Party Head of State
(Term)
Canovas2.jpg Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
1st time
31 December 1874 12 September 1875 Conservative King Alfonso XII
(1874–1885)
ALFONSO 12º.jpg
General Joaquin Jovellar y Soler painting.jpg Joaquín Jovellar y Soler 12 September 1875 2 December 1875
Canovas2.jpg Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
2nd time
2 December 1875 7 March 1879
Arsenio martinez campos.jpg Arsenio Martínez Campos 7 March 1879 9 December 1879
Canovas2.jpg Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
3rd time
9 December 1879 8 February 1881
Praxedes sagasta.jpg Práxedes Mateo Sagasta
3rd time
8 February 1881 13 October 1883 Liberal
José de Posada Herrera.jpg José Posada Herrera 13 October 1883 18 January 1884
Canovas2.jpg Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
4th time
18 January 1884 27 November 1885 Conservative
Praxedes sagasta.jpg Práxedes Mateo Sagasta
4th time
27 November 1885 5 July 1890 Liberal Queen Dowager Maria Christina
Regent for
King Alfonso XIII

(1886–1902)

Alfonso XIII et sa mère photo valentin gomez.jpg
Canovas2.jpg Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
5th time
5 July 1890 11 December 1892 Conservative
Praxedes sagasta.jpg Práxedes Mateo Sagasta
5th time
11 December 1892 23 March 1895 Liberal
Canovas2.jpg Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
6th time
23 March 1895 8 August 1897 Conservative
Marcelo-Azcárraga-Palmero-1898.jpg Marcelo Azcárraga Palmero
Acting until 21 August, 1st time
8 August 1897 4 October 1897
Praxedes sagasta.jpg Práxedes Mateo Sagasta
6th time
4 October 1897 4 March 1899 Liberal
Francisco Silvela.JPG Francisco Silvela y de le Vielleuze
1st time
4 March 1899 23 October 1900 Conservative
Marcelo-Azcárraga-Palmero-1898.jpg Marcelo Azcárraga Palmero
2nd time
23 October 1900 6 March 1901
Praxedes sagasta.jpg Práxedes Mateo Sagasta
7th time
6 March 1901 6 December 1902 Liberal
Francisco Silvela.JPG Francisco Silvela y de le Vielleuze
2nd time
6 December 1902 20 July 1903 Conservative King Alfonso XIII
(1886/1902–1931)
Roi Alfonso XIII.jpg
Raimundo fernandez villaverde.jpg Raimundo Fernández Villaverde
1st time
20 July 1903 5 December 1903
D. Antonio Maura.jpg Antonio Maura y Montaner
1st time
5 December 1903 16 December 1904
Marcelo-Azcárraga-Palmero-1898.jpg Marcelo Azcárraga Palmero
3rd time
16 December 1904 27 January 1905
Raimundo fernandez villaverde.jpg Raimundo Fernández Villaverde
2nd time
27 January 1905 23 June 1905
Eugenio Montero Ríos 1914.jpg Eugenio Montero Ríos 23 June 1905 1 December 1905 Liberal
SegismundoMoret.jpg Segismundo Moret y Prendergast
1st time
1 December 1905 6 July 1906
Coat of Arms of Spain (c.1883-1931) Pillars of Hercules Variant.svg José López Domínguez 6 July 1906 30 November 1906
SegismundoMoret.jpg Segismundo Moret y Prendergast
2nd time
30 November 1906 4 December 1906
Marques de Vega de Armijo.jpg Antonio González de Aguilar y Correa
Marquis of Vega de Armijo
4 December 1906 25 January 1907
A. Maura.jpg Antonio Maura y Montaner
2nd time
25 January 1907 21 October 1909 Conservative
SegismundoMoret.jpg Segismundo Moret y Prendergast
3rd time
21 October 1909 9 February 1910 Liberal
Don J. Canalejas.jpg José Canalejas y Méndez 9 February 1910 12 November 1912
García Prieto.jpg Manuel García Prieto
Marquis of Alhucemas
Acting, 1st time
12 November 1912 14 November 1912
Romanones.jpg Álvaro Figueroa y Torres Mendieta
Count of Romanones
1st time
14 November 1912 27 October 1913
EDato.jpg Eduardo Dato e Iradier
1st time
27 October 1913 9 December 1915 Conservative
Romanones.jpg Álvaro Figueroa y Torres Mendieta
Count of Romanones
2nd time
9 December 1915 19 April 1917 Liberal
García Prieto.jpg Manuel García Prieto
Marquis of Alhucemas
2nd time
19 April 1917 11 June 1917 Liberal-Democratic
EDato.jpg Eduardo Dato e Iradier
2nd time
11 June 1917 3 November 1917 Conservative
García Prieto.jpg Manuel García Prieto
Marquis of Alhucemas
3rd time
3 November 1917 22 March 1918 Liberal-Democratic
(Concentration government)
A. Maura.jpg Antonio Maura y Montaner
3rd time
22 March 1918 9 November 1918 Conservative
(Concentration government)
García Prieto.jpg Manuel García Prieto
Marquis of Alhucemas
4th time
9 November 1918 5 December 1918 Liberal-Democratic
Romanones.jpg Álvaro Figueroa y Torres Mendieta
Count of Romanones
3rd time
5 December 1918 15 April 1919 Liberal
A. Maura.jpg Antonio Maura y Montaner
4th time
15 April 1919 20 July 1919 Conservative
(Concentration government)
Sánchez Toca.JPG Joaquín Sánchez de Toca Calvo 20 July 1919 12 December 1919 Conservative
Manuel Allendesalazar.jpg Manuel Allendesalazar
1st time
12 December 1919 5 May 1920
EDato.jpg Eduardo Dato e Iradier
3rd time
5 May 1920 8 March 1921
Gabino Bugallal.JPG Gabino Bugallal Araújo
Count of Bugallal
Acting
8 March 1921 13 March 1921
Manuel Allendesalazar.jpg Manuel Allendesalazar
2nd time
13 March 1921 14 August 1921
A. Maura.jpg Antonio Maura y Montaner
5th time
14 August 1921 8 March 1922 Conservative
(Concentration government)
J.SánchezGuerra.jpg José Sánchez-Guerra y Martínez 8 March 1922 7 December 1922 Conservative
García Prieto.jpg Manuel García Prieto
Marquis of Alhucemas
5th time
7 December 1922 15 September 1923 Liberal-Democratic
Primo-de-rivera.JPG General Miguel Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja
Army Captain General, Marquis of Estella and Ajdir
Head of the Military Directory until 3 December 1925
15 September 1923 30 January 1930 Military Dictatorship
Damaso Berenguer.JPG Dámaso Berenguer
Count of Xauén, Army General
30 January 1930 18 February 1931 Military "Dictablanda"
Juan-Bautista-Aznar-Cabañas-1933.jpg Juan Bautista Aznar-Cabañas
Navy Admiral
18 February 1931 14 April 1931
Third Carlist War finishes.
Carlist pretender defeated.
King Alfonso XII dies while his only son
would not be born until 6 months later.
Regent Queen Dowager Maria Christina
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1875
|
1876
|
1877
|
1878
|
1879
|
1880
|
1881
|
1882
|
1883
|
1884
|
1885
|
1886
|
1887
|
1888
|
1889
|
1890
|
1891
|
1892
|
1893
PM Cánovas is assassinated
by anarchist Michele Angiolillo
Spanish–American War erupts
Spain loses its last colonies.
King Alfonso XIII is declared
of age at his 16th birthday.
Regent Queen Dowager Maria Christina
|
1893
|
1894
|
1895
|
1896
|
1897
|
1898
|
1899
|
1900
|
1901
|
1902
|
1903
|
1904
|
1905
|
1906
|
1907
|
1908
|
1909
|
1910
|
1911
|
1912
|
1913
PM Canalejas is assassinated
by anarchist Manuel Pardiñas
PM Dato is assassinated
by three Catalan anarchists
Coup by Gen. Primo de Rivera
is met with acceptance by the King
|
1912
|
1913
|
1914
|
1915
|
1916
|
1917
|
1918
|
1919
|
1920
|
1921
|
1922
|
1923
|
1924
|
1925
|
1926
|
1927
|
1928
|
1929
|
1930
|
1931
|
1932

Prime Ministers of Spain during the Bourbon Restoration

Second Spanish Republic (1931–1939)[edit]

Prime Ministers (Presidents of the Council of Ministers)[edit]

Political Persuasion:       No affiliation       Liberal conservative       Social democrat       Liberal progressive       Centrist       Military

Picture Name From Until Political Party Elected Head of State
(Term)
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-12783, Alcala Zamora.jpg Niceto Alcalá-Zamora 14 April 1931 14 October 1931 Liberal Republican Right
Provisional Government
No formal
Head of State
President Azaña.jpg Manuel Azaña Díaz
1st time
14 October 1931 12 September 1933 Republican Action 1931 President Niceto Alcalá-Zamora
(1933–1936)
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-12783, Alcala Zamora.jpg
Lerroux face.jpg Alejandro Lerroux García
1st time
12 September 1933 8 October 1933 Radical Republican 1933
Martínez Barrio.JPG Diego Martínez Barrio 8 October 1933 16 December 1933
Lerroux face.jpg Alejandro Lerroux García
2nd time
16 December 1933 28 April 1934
Ricardo Samper, 1934.jpg Ricardo Samper e Ibáñez 28 April 1934 4 October 1934
Lerroux face.jpg Alejandro Lerroux García
3rd time
4 October 1934 25 September 1935
Joaquín Chapaprieta.jpg Joaquín Chapaprieta Torregrosa 25 September 1935 14 December 1935 Independent
Manuel Portela.png Manuel Portela Valladares 14 December 1935 19 February 1936 Independent
President Azaña.jpg Manuel Azaña Díaz
2nd time
19 February 1936 10 May 1936 Republican Left
Popular Front coalition
1936
Coat of Arms of Spain (1931-1939).svg Augusto Barcía Trelles
Acting
10 May 1936 13 May 1936 President Manuel Azaña
(1936–1939)
President Azaña.jpg
Casares Quiroga.JPG Santiago Casares Quiroga 13 May 1936 19 July 1936
Martínez Barrio.JPG Diego Martínez Barrio
Acting
19 July 1936 Republican Union
Popular Front coalition
D. José Giral 2.jpg José Giral Pereira 19 July 1936 4 September 1936 Republican Left
Popular Front coalition
F. Largo Caballero.jpg Francisco Largo Caballero 4 September 1936 17 May 1937 Socialist
Popular Front coalition
Juan negrin.gif Juan Negrín López 17 May 1937 1 April 1939

Spanish Republican government in exile (1939–1977)[edit]

Prime Ministers in exile

Francoist Spain (1936–1975)[edit]

Parties

      Military       Spanish Phalanx

Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of office Political Party Legislature Head of State
(Term)
Took office Left office Days
Cabanellas-ferrer.jpg Miguel Cabanellas
(1872–1938)
23 July
1936
1 October
1936
70 Military Spanish Civil War National Defense Board
(1936)
During the civil war, Cabanellas was named head of the National Defense Board of the Nationalist side, being the most senior Army general at the moment, in place of José Sanjurjo who had died in a plane crash on 20 July.
Coat of Arms of Spain (1939-1945)-Bureaucratic Variant.svg Fidel Dávila Arrondo
(1878–1962)
3 October
1936
3 June
1937
243 Military Caudillo Francisco Franco
(1936–1975)
Franco0001.PNG
After his naming as Generalissimo Franco established the State Technical Board and placed Dávila Arrondo at its head, with the purpose of giving representation to the political forces supporting the Nationalist faction. During his rule he would take command of the Spanish North Army and would participate in the War in the North.
Conde de Jordana.jpg Francisco Gómez-Jordana
(1876–1944)
3 June
1937
31 January
1938
242 Military
He served briefly in the post for 7 months between June 1937 and January 1938. He would be name Vice President of the first Franco Government to be formed in 1938.
Franco0001.PNG Francisco Franco
(1892–1975)
31 January
1938
1 April
1939
12912 Military
Spanish Phalanx
1 April
1939
8 June
1973
Franco's dictatorship
Became de facto dictator after winning the Spanish Civil War to the Second Spanish Republic, and was to rule Spain for 36 years until his death. He established an autocratic dictatorship and installed himself as head of state and government, with just one legal political party, the Phalanx. His early rule was characterized by harsh repression, though it began to grow less violent as time passed. On economic policy, it is to be noted the appointment of technocrats in 1959 to the government which, adopting a free market policy, resulted in the Spanish Miracle of the 1960s. His late rule was characterized by his own illness due to age, and the subsequent succession crisis that ensued as a result of his expected, imminent death. In 1969 he named Prince Juan Carlos de Bourbon as his heir apparent, with the title Prince of Spain. Franco died on 20 November 1975.
Luis Carrero Blanco.jpg Luis Carrero Blanco
(1904–1973)
9 June
1973
20 December
1973†
194 Military
Spanish Phalanx
He was named to the post by an ailing Franco in a move that was regarded to be intended to clear Franco's succession. He was assassinated by members of the group ETA only 6 months into office.
Torcuato Fernández-Miranda.jpg Torcuato Fernández-Miranda
(1915–1980)
20 December
1973
31 December
1973
11 Spanish Phalanx
Served as interim Prime Minister for a few weeks after the assassination of Luis Carrero Blanco.
Coat of Arms of Spain (1945-1977).svg Carlos Arias Navarro
(1908–1989)
31 December
1973
20 November
1975
913 Spanish Phalanx
20 November
1975
1 July
1976
Transition period King Juan Carlos I
(1975–2014)
Juan Carlos da Espanha.jpg
He was appointed to the office as a result of the assassination of Luis Carrero Blanco, after the interim premiership of Torcuato Fernández-Miranda. Contrary to political liberalization, he had to manage events such as the political outcry result from the garroting of Catalan anarchist Salvador Puig Antich and the Green March (1975), which displayed his weaknesses and eroded his authority. After Franco's death in 1975, his successor, King Juan Carlos I, instructed him to enact the first reforms for the regime's opening towards democracy. However, contrary to any change, he tried to continue Franco's late policies, resulting in a power struggle with the King that ended with his resignation.
Coat of Arms of Spain (1945-1977).svg Fernando de Santiago y Díaz
(1910–1994)
1 July
1976
3 July
1976
2 Military
Served as interim Prime Minister for a few days after the resignation of Carlos Arias Navarro.

Fernando de Santiago y Díaz Carlos Arias Navarro Torcuato Fernández-Miranda Luis Carrero Blanco Francisco Franco Francisco Gómez-Jordana, 1st Count of Jordana Fidel Dávila Arrondo Miguel Cabanellas

Kingdom of Spain Restored (since 1975)[edit]

Prime Ministers (Presidents of the Government)[edit]

Parties

      Union of the Democratic Centre       Spanish Socialist Workers' Party       People's Party       Independent

Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of office Political Party Government Legislature Head of State
(Term)
Took office Left office Days
Adolfo Suarez 03 cropped.jpg Adolfo Suárez
(1932–2014)
3 July
1976
13 July
1977
1698 Independent Suárez I Transition King Juan Carlos I
(1975–2014)
Juan Carlos da Espanha.jpg
13 July
1977
30 March
1979
Union of the Democratic Centre Suárez II Const.
(1977)
30 March
1979
25 February
1981
Suárez III I (1979)
Appointed in 1976 by King Juan Carlos I after Arias Navarro's resignation, in 1977 he became the first democratically-elected PM in 40 years. His Political Reform Law allowed the country to steadily turn to a democracy from Franco's dictatorship system. Under his tenure the Spanish Constitution of 1978 was approved. He, however, had to deal with an economical downturn and an increase of political pressure on him after an attempted censure motion revealed his isolation in parliament. In 1981, he resigned as Prime Minister due to internal crisis, struggle and lack of support within his own party.
Visita del Calvo-Sotelo 1976.jpg Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo
(1926–2008)
25 February
1981
2 December
1982
645 Union of the Democratic Centre Sotelo
He replaced Adolfo Suárez after his resignation. During his investiture voting in Congress on 23 February 1981, an attempted coup d'état was staged by the military, but failed and ended the following day. His short tenure saw the break up of his party, the UCD, culminating in a heavy defeat in the elections of 1982 and later disappearance.
Felipe González par Claude Truong-Ngoc juillet 2013.jpg Felipe González
(1942–)
2 December
1982
24 July
1986
4902 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party González I II (1982)
24 July
1986
5 December
1989
González II III (1986)
5 December
1989
9 July
1993
González III IV (1989)
9 July
1993
4 May
1996
González IV V (1993)
His thirteen-year term in office remains the longest serving period of an elected Spanish PM to date. During his successive governments Spain, the country was modernized, abortion was legalized, the education system was reorganized and the welfare state was established. The economy saw a liberalization and deregulation during this period, as well as a restructuring of the industrial sector. He also oversaw the first large-scale general strike against a sitting government in Spain since the transition (1988). In foreign policy, Spain became a member of the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1986, which eventually transformed into the European Union (EU) and signed the Maastricht Treaty (1992). When the PSOE did not gain a majority in the elections of 1993, González was forced to ally with CiU in order to maintain a workable majority, alliance which lasted until late 1995. The late years of his tenure were marked by the 1993 economic crisis and the eruption of corruption scandals such as his party's illegal financing scandal (Filesa) or the GAL.
Aznar at the Azores, March 17, 2003-2.jpg José María Aznar
(1953–)
4 May
1996
26 April
2000
2904 People's Party Aznar I VI (1996)
26 April
2000
16 April
2004
Aznar II VII (2000)
Aznar's tenure saw a period of economic recovery and growth, during which his government privatized a number of public enterprises. His government's actions include the abolition of the compulsory military service, the 1998 Land Law, banning of a number of political organizations related to ETA, the reform of university studies by decree or the application of a National Hydrological Plan, among others. One his most significant achievements in foreign policy was having Spain join the European single currency. He managed the 2002 Perejil Island crisis, as well as the commitment of troops to the war of Afghanistan, followed by controversial moves such as a reform of unemployment benefits resulting in the 2002 general strike, the management of the Prestige incident, the decision to enter the Iraq War and the handling of the 2004 Madrid train bombings crisis.
Presidente José Luis Rodriguez Zapatero - La Moncloa 2011.jpg José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
(1960–)
16 April
2004
11 April
2008
2804 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party Zapatero I VIII (2004)
11 April
2008
20 December
2011
Zapatero II IX (2008)
As PM, Zapatero pursued a policy of social issues, such as the legalisation of same-sex marriage or the adoption of a new, less-restrictive abortion law. Other political decisions, such as the withdrawal of troops from Iraq or peace talks with ETA also characterized his first term in office. His second term was marked by a particularly harsh economic and financial crisis, resulting in high unemployment rates and a large budget deficit, forcing Zapatero to adopt a series of austerity reforms, such as an overhaul of the labor market and the raising of the retirement age from 65 to 67, which cost him a general strike in 2010. The end of his tenure saw ETA announcing a "permanent end of armed activity", after years of police actions had weakened the group's ability to act.
Presidente Mariano Rajoy Brey 2012 - La Moncloa (Recortada).jpg Mariano Rajoy
(1955–)
20 December
2011
Incumbent 936 People's Party Rajoy X (2011)
Acceding the office of PM at the age of 56, Mariano Rajoy is the oldest person to be democratically elected to the post. His tenure has been marked by the 2008–14 Spanish financial crisis and the application of harsh austerity measures and spending cuts, as well as the adoption of a new labor law reform in early 2012 which resulted in 2 general strikes that year. The eruption of a major party illegal financing scandal involving senior party officials has further eroded his government's popularity. During his tenure, he has seen the Catalan question reaching the boiling point with support for independence soaring in the region, as well as the abdication of King Juan Carlos I. King Felipe VI
(2014–)
Felipe VI, King of Spain.jpg

Mariano Rajoy José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero José María Aznar Felipe González Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo Adolfo Suárez

Living former Presidents of the Government[edit]

There are three living former Spanish Presidents of the Government:

The most recent former prime minister to die was Adolfo Suárez on 23 March 2014, aged 81.

See also[edit]