List of Prime Ministers of Sweden

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Current Prime Minister Stefan Löfven was appointed on October 3, 2014

The Prime Minister (Swedish: statsminister, literally "Minister of the State") is the head of government in Sweden. Before the creation of the office of a Prime Minister in 1876, Sweden did not have a head of government separate from its head of state, namely the King, in whom the executive authority was vested. Louis De Geer, the architect behind the new bicameral Riksdag of 1866 that replaced the centuries old Riksdag of the Estates, became the first officeholder in 1876. The current Prime Minister of Sweden is Stefan Löfven, leader of the Swedish Social Democratic Party. Below is the list and statistics of Prime Ministers of Sweden since the creation of the office in 1876. The list does not include acting prime ministers, the only example to date is Östen Undén who served as acting prime minister from October 6, 1946 to October 11, 1946.

List of Prime Ministers[edit]

Lilla riksvapnet - Riksarkivet Sverige.png
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Swedish Cabinet Holding Parties - Color key:

List of Prime Ministers under the United Kingdom of Norway and Sweden (1876–1905)[edit]

Name
(Born-Died)
Portrait Term Political Party Cabinet(s) Monarch
(Reign)
Took office Left office
Louis Gerhard De Geer
(1818–1896)
Louis De Geer 1818-1896 from Hildebrand Sveriges historia.jpg March 20, 1876 April 19, 1880 Independent L.G. De Geer II OskarII-KungligSkrud.jpg
Oscar II
(1872–1907)
Arvid Posse
(1820–1901)
Arvid Posse.jpg April 19, 1880 June 13, 1883 Lantmanna Party Posse
Carl Johan Thyselius
(1811–1891)
Carl Johan Thyselius (Hildebrand Sveriges historia).jpg June 13, 1883 May 16, 1884 Independent Thyselius
Robert Themptander
(1844–1897)
Oscar Robert Themptander (from Hildebrand, Sveriges historia).jpg May 16, 1884 February 6, 1888 Independent Themptander
Gillis Bildt
(1820–1894)
Gillis Bildt.jpg February 6, 1888 October 12, 1889 Independent G. Bildt
Åkerhielm, GustafGustaf Åkerhielm
(1833–1900)
Gustaf Åkerhielm.jpg October 12, 1889 July 10, 1891 Protectionist Majority Party Åkerhielm
Erik Gustaf Boström
(1842–1907)
E G Boström from Hildebrand Sveriges historia.jpg July 10, 1891 September 12, 1900 Lantmanna Party Boström I
Fredrik von Otter
(1833–1910)
Fredrik von Otter.jpg September 12, 1900 July 5, 1902 Independent von Otter
Erik Gustaf Boström (2nd term)
(1842–1907)
E G Boström from Hildebrand Sveriges historia.jpg July 5, 1902 April 13, 1905 Lantmanna Party Boström II
Johan Ramstedt
(1852–1935)
JohanRamstedt.JPG April 13, 1905April 13, 1905 August 2, 1905August 2, 1905 0Independent Ramstedt
Christian Lundeberg
(1842–1911)
Christian Lundeberg.jpg August 2, 1905 November 7, 1905 Protectionist Majority Party Lundeberg

Christian Lundeberg Johan Ramstedt Erik Gustaf Boström Fredrik von Otter Erik Gustaf Boström Gustaf Åkerhielm Gillis Bildt Robert Themptander Carl Johan Thyselius Arvid Posse Louis Gerhard De Geer

Prime Ministers under the Kingdom of Sweden (1905–present)[edit]

Name
(Born-Died)
Portrait Term Political Party Election(s) Cabinet(s) Monarch
(Reign)
Took office Left office Duration
Karl Staaff
(1860–1915)
Karl Staaff.jpg 7 November 1905 29 May 1906 0 years, 203 days Liberal Coalition Party 1905 Staaff I
LS
OskarII-KungligSkrud.jpg
Oscar II
(1872–1907)
Arvid Lindman
(1862–1936)
Arvid Lindman.jpg 29 May 1906 7 October 1911 5 years, 131 days General Electoral League 1908 Lindman I
AvF
Karl Staaff
(1860–1915)
Karl Staaff.jpg 7 October 1911 17 February 1914 2 years, 133 days Liberal Coalition Party 1911 Staaff II
LS
Gustaf V av Sverige.jpg
Gustaf V
(1907–1950)
Hjalmar Hammarskjöld
(1862–1953)
Hjalmar Hammarskjöld.jpg 17 February 1914 30 March 1917 3 years, 41 days Independent March 1914
September 1914
Hammarskjöld
Carl Swartz
(1858–1926)
Carl Swartz.jpg 30 March 1917 19 October 1917 0 years, 203 days National Party 1908 Swartz
N
Nils Edén
(1871–1945)
Nils Eden.jpg 19 October 1917 10 March 1920 2 years, 143 days Liberal Coalition Party 1917 Edén
LS-S
Hjalmar Branting
(1860–1925)
Hjalmar Branting.png 10 March 1920 27 October 1920 0 years, 231 days Social Democrats Branting I
S
Gerhard Louis De Geer
(1854–1935)
Louis De Geer 1854-1935.jpg 27 October 1920 23 February 1921 0 years, 119 days Independent 1920 G.L. De Geer
Oscar von Sydow
(1873–1936)
Oscar von Sydow.jpg 23 February 1921 13 October 1921 0 years, 232 days Independent von Sydow
Hjalmar Branting
(1860–1925)
Hjalmar Branting.png 13 October 1921 19 April 1923 1 year, 188 days Social Democrats 1921 Branting II
S
Ernst Trygger
(1857–1943)
Ernst Trygger, prime minister of Sweden.jpg 19 April 1923 18 October 1924 1 year, 182 days National Party Trygger
N
Hjalmar Branting
(1860–1925)
Hjalmar Branting.png 18 October 1924 24 January 1925 0 years, 98 days Social Democrats 1924 Branting III
S
Rickard Sandler
(1884–1964)
Rickard Sandler - Sveriges styresmän.jpg 24 January 1925 7 June 1926 1 year, 134 days Social Democrats Sandler
S
Carl Gustaf Ekman
(1872–1945)
Carl Gustaf Ekman.jpg 7 June 1926 2 October 1928 2 years, 117 days Freeminded People's Party Ekman I
FF-L
Arvid Lindman
(1862–1936)
Arvid Lindman.jpg 2 October 1928 7 June 1930 1 year, 248 days General Electoral League 1928 Lindman II
AvF
Carl Gustaf Ekman
(1872–1945)
Carl Gustaf Ekman.jpg 7 June 1930 6 August 1932 2 years, 60 days Freeminded People's Party Ekman II
FF
Felix Hamrin
(1875–1937)
Felix Hamrin - Sveriges styresmän.jpg 6 August 1932 24 September 1932 0 years, 49 days Freeminded People's Party Hamrin
FF
Per Albin Hansson
(1885–1946)
Per Albin Hansson - Sveriges styresmän.jpg 24 September 1932 19 June 1936 3 years, 269 days Social Democrats 1932 Hansson I
S
Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp
(1883–1954)
Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp.jpg 19 June 1936 28 September 1936 0 years, 101 days Farmers' League Pehrsson-Bramstorp
Bf
Per Albin Hansson
(1885–1946)
Per Albin Hansson - Sveriges styresmän.jpg 28 September 1936 13 December 1939 10 years, 8 days Social Democrats 1936 Hansson II
SBf
13 December 1939 31 July 1945 1940
1944
Hansson III
SBfAvFFP
31 July 1945 6 October 1946 Hansson IV
S
Tage Erlander
(1901–1985)
Tage Erlander 1952.jpg 11 October 1946 1 October 1951 23 years, 3 days Social Democrats 1948 Erlander I
S
1 October 1951 31 October 1957 1952
1956
Erlander II
SBf
Gustaf VI Adolf av Sverige som kronprins.jpg
Gustaf VI Adolf
(1950–1973)
31 October 1957 14 October 1969 1958
1960
1964
1968
Erlander III
S
Olof Palme
(1927–1986)
Olof Palme.png 14 October 1969 8 October 1976 6 years, 360 days Social Democrats 1970
1973
Palme I
S
Thorbjörn Fälldin
(1926– )
Falldin.JPG 8 October 1976 18 October 1978 2 years, 10 days Centre Party 1976 Fälldin I
CMFP
Carl XVI Gustaf.jpg
Carl XVI Gustaf
(1973– )
Ola Ullsten
(1931– )
Ola Ullsten.JPG 18 October 1978 12 October 1979 0 years, 362 days People's Party Ullsten
FP
Thorbjörn Fälldin
(1926– )
Falldin.JPG 12 October 1979 22 May 1981 2 years, 361 days Centre Party 1979 Fälldin II
CMFP
22 May 1981 8 October 1982 Fälldin III
CFP
Olof Palme
(1927–1986)
Olof Palme.png 8 October 1982 28 February 1986[1] 3 years, 143 days Social Democrats 1982
1985
Palme II
S
Ingvar Carlsson
(1934– )
Ingvar Carlsson.jpg 1 March 1986[2] 27 February 1990 5 years, 217 days Social Democrats 1988 Carlsson I
S
27 February 1990 4 October 1991 Carlsson II
S
Carl Bildt
(1949– )
Carl Bildt 2001-05-15.jpg 4 October 1991 7 October 1994 3 years, 3 days Moderate Party 1991 C. Bildt
MCFPKD
Ingvar Carlsson
(1934– )
Ingvar Carlsson.jpg 7 October 1994 22 March 1996 1 year, 167 days Social Democrats 1994 Carlsson III
S
Göran Persson
(1949– )
Göran Persson.jpg 22 March 1996 6 October 2006 10 years, 198 days Social Democrats 1998
2002
Persson
S
Fredrik Reinfeldt
(1965– )
Fredrik Reinfeldt World Economic Forum 2013 crop.jpg 6 October 2006 3 October 2014 7 years, 362 days Moderate Party
(Alliance for Sweden)
2006
2010
Reinfeldt
MCFPKD
Stefan Löfven
(1957– )
Stefan Löfven efter slutdebatten i SVT 2014 (cropped).jpg 3 October 2014 Incumbent 0 years, 83 days Social Democrats 2014 Löfven
SMP

Statistics[edit]

# Prime Minister Date of birth Age at ascension
(first term)
Time in office
(total)
Age at retirement
(last term)
Date of death Longevity
1 De Geer, Louis 1Louis De Geer, Sr. 18180718July 18, 1818(July 18, 1818) 57 24657 years, 246 days 04 0304 years, 30 days 61 27661 years, 276 days 18960924September 24, 1896 28,55878 years, 68 days
2 Posse, ArvidArvid Posse 18200215February 15, 1820(February 15, 1820) 60 06460 years, 64 days 03 0583 years, 58 days 63 12163 years, 121 days 19010424April 24, 1901 29,65381 years, 68 days
3 Thyselius, Carl JohanCarl Johan Thyselius 18110608June 8, 1811(June 8, 1811) 72 00572 years, 5 days 00 3370 years, 337 days 72 34272 years, 342 days 18910111January 11, 1891 29,07279 years, 217 days
4 Themptander, RobertRobert Themptander 18440214February 14, 1844(February 14, 1844) 40 09240 years, 92 days 03 2663 years, 266 days 43 35743 years, 357 days 18970130January 30, 1897 19,04052 years, 351 days
5 Bildt, GillisGillis Bildt 18201016October 16, 1820(October 16, 1820) 67 11367 years, 113 days 01 2481 year, 248 days 68 36168 years, 361 days 18941022October 22, 1894 27,03474 years, 6 days
6 Åkerhielm, GustafGustaf Åkerhielm 18330724July 24, 1833(July 24, 1833) 56 08056 years, 80 days 01 2711 year, 271 days 57 35157 years, 351 days 19000402April 2, 1900 24,35866 years, 252 days
7 Boström, Erik GustafErik Gustaf Boström 18420211February 11, 1842(February 11, 1842) 49 14949 years, 149 days 11 34611 years, 346 days 63 06163 years, 61 days 19070221February 21, 1907 23,75065 years, 10 days
8 Otter, Fredrik vonFredrik von Otter 18330411April 11, 1833(April 11, 1833) 67 15467 years, 154 days 01 2961 year, 296 days 69 08569 years, 85 days 19100309March 9, 1910 28,09076 years, 332 days
9 Ramstedt, JohanJohan Ramstedt 18521107November 7, 1852(November 7, 1852) 52 15752 years, 157 days 00 1110 years, 111 days 52 26852 years, 268 days 19350315March 15, 1935 30,07782 years, 128 days
10 Lundeberg, ChristianChristian Lundeberg 18420714July 14, 1842(July 14, 1842) 63 01963 years, 19 days 00 0970 years, 97 days 63 11663 years, 116 days 19111110November 10, 1911 25,32069 years, 119 days
11 Staaff, KarlKarl Staaff 18600121January 21, 1860(January 21, 1860) 45 29045 years, 290 days 02 3362 years, 336 days 54 02754 years, 27 days 19151004October 4, 1915 20,34455 years, 256 days
12 Lindman, ArvidArvid Lindman 18620919September 19, 1862(September 19, 1862) 43 25243 years, 252 days 07 0147 years, 14 days 49 01849 years, 18 days 19361209December 9, 1936 27,10974 years, 81 days
13 Hammarskjöld, HjalmarHjalmar Hammarskjöld 18620204February 4, 1862(February 4, 1862) 52 01352 years, 13 days 03 0413 years, 41 days 55 05455 years, 54 days 19531012October 12, 1953 33,48791 years, 250 days
14 Swartz, CarlCarl Swartz 18580605June 5, 1858(June 5, 1858) 58 29858 years, 298 days 00 2030 years, 203 days 59 13659 years, 136 days 19261106November 6, 1926 24,99068 years, 154 days
15 Edén, NilsNils Edén 18710825August 25, 1871(August 25, 1871) 46 05546 years, 55 days 02 1432 years, 143 days 48 19848 years, 198 days 19450616June 16, 1945 26,95873 years, 295 days
16 Branting, HjalmarHjalmar Branting 18601123November 23, 1860(November 23, 1860) 59 10859 years, 108 days 02 1522 years, 152 days 64 06264 years, 62 days 19250224February 24, 1925 23,46864 years, 93 days
17 De Geer, Louis 2Louis De Geer, Jr. 18541127November 27, 1854(November 27, 1854) 65 33565 years, 335 days 00 1190 years, 119 days 66 08866 years, 88 days 19350225February 25, 1935 29,30980 years, 90 days
18 Sydow, Oscar vonOscar von Sydow 18730712July 12, 1873(July 12, 1873) 47 22647 years, 226 days 00 2320 years, 232 days 48 09348 years, 93 days 19360819August 19, 1936 23,04863 years, 38 days
19 Trygger, ErnstErnst Trygger 18571027October 27, 1857(October 27, 1857) 65 17465 years, 174 days 01 1821 year, 182 days 66 35766 years, 357 days 19430923September 23, 1943 31,37685 years, 331 days
20 Sandler, RickardRickard Sandler 18840129January 29, 1884(January 29, 1884) 40 36140 years, 361 days 01 1341 year, 134 days 42 12942 years, 129 days 19641112November 12, 1964 29,50780 years, 288 days
21 Ekman, Carl GustafCarl Gustaf Ekman 18721006October 6, 1872(October 6, 1872) 53 24453 years, 244 days 04 1774 years, 177 days 59 30559 years, 305 days 19450615June 15, 1945 26,54972 years, 252 days
22 Hamrin, FelixFelix Hamrin 18750114January 14, 1875(January 14, 1875) 57 20557 years, 205 days 00 0490 years, 49 days 57 25457 years, 254 days 19371127November 27, 1937 22,96262 years, 317 days
23 Hansson, Per AlbinPer Albin Hansson 18851028October 28, 1885(October 28, 1885) 46 33246 years, 332 days 12 27712 years, 277 days 60 34360 years, 343 days 19461006October 6, 1946 22,25760 years, 343 days
24 Pehrsson-Bramstorp, AxelAxel Pehrsson-Bramstorp 18830819August 19, 1883(August 19, 1883) 52 30552 years, 305 days 00 1010 years, 101 days 53 04053 years, 40 days 19540219February 19, 1954 25,75170 years, 184 days
25 Erlander, TageTage Erlander 19010613June 13, 1901(June 13, 1901) 45 12045 years, 120 days 23 00323 years, 3 days 68 12368 years, 123 days 19850621June 21, 1985 30,68984 years, 8 days
26 Palme, OlofOlof Palme 19270130January 30, 1927(January 30, 1927) 42 25742 years, 257 days 10 13910 years, 139 days 59 03059 years, 30 days 19860301February 28, 1986 21,57959 years, 30 days
27 Fälldin, ThorbjörnThorbjörn Fälldin 19260424April 24, 1926(April 24, 1926) 50 16750 years, 167 days 05 0105 years, 10 days 56 16756 years, 167 days Living 32,38788 years, 245 days (Living)
28 Ullsten, OlaOla Ullsten 19310623June 23, 1931(June 23, 1931) 47 11747 years, 117 days 00 3590 years, 359 days 48 11148 years, 111 days Living 30,50183 years, 185 days (Living)
29 Carlsson, IngvarIngvar Carlsson 19341109November 9, 1934(November 9, 1934) 51 11251 years, 112 days 07 0197 years, 19 days 61 13461 years, 134 days Living 29,26680 years, 46 days (Living)
30 Bildt, CarlCarl Bildt 19490715July 15, 1949(July 15, 1949) 42 09142 years, 91 days 03 0033 years, 3 days 45 09445 years, 94 days Living 23,90465 years, 163 days (Living)
31 Persson, GöranGöran Persson 19490120January 20, 1949(January 20, 1949) 47 06247 years, 62 days 10 19810 years, 198 days 57 25957 years, 259 days Living 24,08065 years, 339 days (Living)
32 Reinfeldt, FredrikFredrik Reinfeldt 19650804August 4, 1965(August 4, 1965) 41 06341 years, 63 days 07 3627 years, 362 days 49 06049 years, 60 days Living 18,04049 years, 143 days (Living)
33 Löfven, StefanStefan Löfven 19570721July 21, 1957(July 21, 1957) 57 07357 years, 73 days 00 0650 years, 83 days Incumbent Living 20,97657 years, 157 days (Living)

Records[edit]

  • The earliest born prime minister was the third one to enter office, Carl Johan Thyselius, born on June 8, 1811. The latest born is Fredrik Reinfeldt, born on August 4, 1965.
  • The first prime minister to die (who also happens to be the first one born) was the third one to enter office (Carl Johan Thyselius), who died on January 11, 1891. The latest one to die was Olof Palme, who died on February 28, 1986.
  • The oldest prime minister has been Hjalmar Hammarskjöld, who died at an age of 91 years, 250 days. Of those still living, Thorbjörn Fälldin is the oldest, at an age of 88 years, 245 days. He made it into the "top 5 list" by surpassing Johan Ramstedt on August 31, 2008. He would have to live until January 2, 2018 to surpass Hjalmar Hammarskjöld and become the oldest Swedish prime minister ever (living until January 1, 2018, he would tie with Hammarskjöld).
  • The youngest prime minister at his death has been Robert Themptander, who died at an age of 52 years, 351 days.
  • The oldest prime minister to enter office was Carl Johan Thyselius, who entered office at an age of 72 years, 5 days. The youngest one was his closest successor Robert Themptander, who entered office at 40 years, 92 days.
  • The record for longest period in office is held by Tage Erlander at 23 years, 3 days. The shortest period in office is held by Östen Undén (5 days), but as he was only acting, the shortest ordinary period was Felix Hamrin's, lasting for 49 days.
  • The longest time span between two terms of the same minister was between Arvid Lindman's, at 16 years, 361 days between the end of his first term (October 7, 1911) and the beginning of his second term (October 2, 1928). The shortest time span between two terms of the same minister was 101 days, which was the time of Axel Pehrsson-Bramstorp's term between the end of Per Albin Hansson's first (June 19, 1936) and the beginning of his second (September 28, 1936).
  • Two of the prime ministers (Per Albin Hansson and Olof Palme) have died in office and Palme is the only one who has been assassinated. Thus, those two have not had any life after office (not counting their interim periods between their respective terms). When it comes to those who have, Hjalmar Branting had the shortest time, dying only 31 days after his resignation (he resigned because of health issues and died from Myocarditis and Gallstone). The prime minister living the longest time after resignation was Rickard Sandler, who died 38 years, 159 days after his resignation. This record will be surpassed by Ola Ullsten if he is still alive on March 1, 2018 (Ullsten would then be almost 87 years old).
  • The largest number of former and present prime minister living at the same time is 11, which has happened once. This period lasted from September 24, 1932 (the ascension of Per Albin Hansson) to February 25, 1935 (the death of Louis De Geer, Jr.) (2 years, 154 days). During that time, Per Albin Hansson was the present and former still living prime ministers were Johan Ramstedt, Arvid Lindman, Hjalmar Hammarskjöld, Nils Edén, Louis De Geer, Jr., Oscar von Sydow, Ernst Trygger, Rickard Sandler, Carl Gustaf Ekman, and Felix Hamrin.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Assassinated in office.
  2. ^ After the assassination of Olof Palme, Acting Prime Minister from 1 March to 12 March 1986.