List of Prime Ministers of the Netherlands

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The incumbent Prime Minister Mark Rutte, appointed on October 14, 2010

The following is a list of Prime Ministers of the Netherlands since the inception of that office as a result of a revision of the Constitution in 1848. The Prime Minister is the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Netherlands; since 1945 he has held the title of Minister-President.

Under William II (1840–1849)[edit]

Political Party:       Independent

Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term of Office Political Party Election Cabinet
Took Office Left Office Days
Gerrit, Count Schimmelpenninck Gerrit, Count Schimmelpenninck
(1794–1863)
25 March 1848 17 May 1848 53 Independent
(Liberal)
I Conservative
Jacob de Kempenaer Jacob de Kempenaer
(1793–1870)
21 November 1848 1 November 1849 345 Independent
(Liberal)
1848 I Liberal

Under William III (1849–1890)[edit]

Political Party:       ARP       Independent

Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term of Office Political Party Election Cabinet
Took Office Left Office Days
Johan Rudolf Thorbecke Johan Rudolf Thorbecke
(1798–1872)
1 November 1849 19 April 1853 1265 Independent
(Liberal)
1850
1852
I Liberal
Floris Adriaan, Baron van Hall Floris Adriaan, Baron van Hall
(1791–1866)
19 April 1853 1 July 1856 1169 Independent
(Liberal)
1853 I Conservative
Justinus van der Brugghen Justinus van der Brugghen
(1804–1863)
1 July 1856 18 March 1858 625 Independent
(Christian)
1856 I Conservative
Jan Jacob Rochussen Jan Jacob Rochussen
(1797–1871)
18 March 1858 23 February 1860 707 Independent
(Conservative)
1858 I Conservative liberal
Floris Adriaan, Baron van Hall Floris Adriaan, Baron van Hall
(1791–1866)
23 February 1860 14 March 1861 385 Independent
(Liberal)
1860 II Conservative liberal
Jacob, Baron van Zuylen van Nijevelt Jacob, Baron van Zuylen van Nijevelt
(1816–1890)
14 March 1861 10 November 1861 241 Independent
(Liberal)
I Conservative liberal
Schelto, Baron van Heemstra Schelto, Baron van Heemstra
(1807–1864)
10 November 1861 1 February 1862 83 Independent
(Liberal)
Johan Rudolf Thorbecke Johan Rudolf Thorbecke
(1798–1872)
1 February 1862 10 February 1866 1470 Independent
(Liberal)
1862
1866
II Liberal
Isaäc Dignus Fransen van de Putte Isaäc Dignus Fransen van de Putte
(1822–1902)
10 February 1866 1 June 1866 111 Independent
(Liberal)
I Liberal
Julius, Count van Zuylen van Nijevelt Julius, Count van Zuylen van Nijevelt
(1819–1894)
1 June 1866 4 June 1668 734 Independent
(Conservative)
1866
1866
I Conservative
Pieter Philip van Bosse Pieter Philip van Bosse
(1809–1879)
4 June 1868 4 January 1871 944 Independent
(Liberal)
1868
1869
I Liberal
Johan Rudolf Thorbecke Johan Rudolf Thorbecke
(1798–1872)
4 January 1871 4 June 1872 517 Independent
(Liberal)
1871 III Liberal
Gerrit de Vries Gerrit de Vries
(1818–1900)
4 June 1872 27 August 1874 814 Independent
(Liberal)
1873 I Liberal
Jan Heemskerk Jan Heemskerk
(1818–1897)
27 August 1874 3 November 1877 1164 Independent
(Conservative)
1875 I Conservative
Jan Kappeyne van de Coppello Jan Kappeyne van de Coppello
(1822–1895)
3 November 1877 20 August 1879 655 Independent
(Liberal)
1877 I Liberal
Theo van Lynden van Sandenburg Theo van Lynden van Sandenburg
(1822–1895)
20 August 1879 23 April 1883 1342 Independent
(Christian)
1879 I Liberal
Jan Heemskerk Jan Heemskerk
(1818–1897)
23 April 1883 20 April 1888 1824 Independent
(Conservative)
1883
1884
1886
1887
I Liberal
Æneas, Baron Mackay Æneas, Baron Mackay
(1839–1909)
20 April 1888 21 August 1891 1218 Anti Revolutionary Party
(ARP)
1888 I Christian

Under Wilhelmina (1890–1948)[edit]

Political Party:       LU/VDB       ARP       RKSP/KVP       CHU       Independent

Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term of Office Political Party Election Cabinet
Took Office Left Office Days
Gijsbert van Tienhoven Gijsbert van Tienhoven
(1841–1914)
21 August 1891 9 May 1894 992 Independent
(Liberal)
1891 I Liberal
Joan Röell Joan Röell
(1844–1914)
9 May 1894 27 July 1897 1175 Independent
(Liberal)
1894 I Liberal
Nicolaas Pierson Nicolaas Pierson
(1839–1909)
27 July 1897 1 August 1901 1465 Liberal Union
(LU)
1897 I Liberal
Abraham Kuyper Abraham Kuyper
(1837–1920)
1 August 1901 17 August 1905 1477 Anti-Revolutionary Party
(ARP)
1901 I Christian
Theo de Meester Theo de Meester
(1851–1919)
17 August 1905 12 February 1908 909 Liberal Union
(LU)
1905 I Liberal
Theo Heemskerk Theo Heemskerk
(1852–1932)
12 February 1908 29 August 1913 2025 Anti-Revolutionary Party
(ARP)
1909 I Christian
Pieter Cort van der Linden Pieter Cort van der Linden
(1846–1935)
29 August 1913 9 September 1918 1837 Independent
(Liberal)
1913
1917
I Liberal
Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck
(1873–1936)
9 September 1918 18 September 1922 2521 Roman-Catholic State Party
(RKSP)
1918 I RKSPARPCHU
18 September 1922 4 August 1925 1922 II RKSPARPCHU
Hendrikus Colijn Hendrikus Colijn
(1869–1944)
4 August 1925 8 March 1926 216 Anti-Revolutionary Party
(ARP)
1925 I RKSPARPCHU
Dirk Jan de Geer Dirk Jan de Geer
(1870–1960)
8 March 1926 10 August 1929 1251 Christian Historical Union
(CHU)
I RKSPARPCHU
Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck
(1873–1936)
10 August 1929 26 May 1933 1385 Roman-Catholic State Party
(RKSP)
1929 III RKSPARPCHU
Hendrikus Colijn Hendrikus Colijn
(1869–1944)
26 May 1933 31 July 1935 2267 Anti-Revolutionary Party
(ARP)
1933 II RKSPARPCHULSPVDB
31 July 1935 24 June 1937 III RKSPARPCHULSPVDB
24 June 1937 25 July 1939 1937 IV RKSPARPCHU
25 July 1939 10 August 1939 V ARPCHULSP
Dirk Jan de Geer Dirk Jan de Geer
(1870–1960)
10 August 1939 3 September 1940 390 Christian Historical Union
(CHU)
II RKSPSDAPARPCHUVDB
Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
(1885–1961)
3 September 1940 28 July 1941 1755 Anti-Revolutionary Party
(ARP)
I RKSPSDAPARPCHUVDB
28 July 1941 23 February 1945 II RKSPSDAPARPCHULSPVDB
23 February 1945 24 June 1945 III RKSPARPVDB
Wim Schermerhorn Wim Schermerhorn
(1894–1977)
24 June 1945 3 July 1946 374 Free-thinking Democratic League
(VDB, -1946)
Labour Party
(PvdA, 1946-)
I VDBSDAPKVPARP
Louis Beel Louis Beel
(1902–1977)
3 July 1946 7 August 1948 766 Catholic People's Party
(KVP)
1946 I KVPPvdA

Under Juliana (1948–1980)[edit]

Political Party:       PvdA       KVP       ARP       CDA

Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term of Office Political Party Election Cabinet
Took Office Left Office Days
Willem Drees Willem Drees
(1886-1988)
7 August 1948 15 March 1951 3789 Labour Party
(PvdA)
1948 I PvdAKVPCHUVVD
15 March 1951 2 September 1952 II PvdAKVPARPCHU
2 September 1952 13 October 1956 1952 III PvdAKVPARPCHU
13 October 1956 22 December 1958 1956 IV PvdAKVPARPCHU
Louis Beel Louis Beel
(1902–1977)
22 December 1958 19 May 1959 148 Catholic People's Party
(KVP)
II KVPARPCHU
Jan de Quay Jan de Quay
(1901–1985)
19 May 1959 24 July 1963 1527 Catholic People's Party
(KVP)
1959 I KVPARPCHUVVD
Victor Marijnen Victor Marijnen
(1917–1975)
24 July 1963 14 April 1965 630 Catholic People's Party
(KVP)
1963 I KVPARPCHUVVD
Jo Cals Jo Cals
(1914–1971)
14 April 1965 22 November 1966 587 Catholic People's Party
(KVP)
I KVPARPPvdA
Jelle Zijlstra Jelle Zijlstra
(1918–2001)
22 November 1966 5 April 1967 134 Anti-Revolutionary Party
(ARP)
I ARPKVP
Piet de Jong Piet de Jong
(born 1915)
5 April 1967 6 July 1971 1553 Catholic People's Party
(KVP)
1967 I KVPARPCHUVVD
Barend Biesheuvel Barend Biesheuvel
(1920–2001)
6 July 1971 9 August 1972 675 Anti-Revolutionary Party
(ARP)
1971 I ARPKVPCHUVVDDS70
9 August 1972 11 May 1973 II ARPKVPCHUVVD
Joop den Uyl Joop den Uyl
(1919–1987)
11 May 1973 19 December 1977 1683 Labour Party
(PvdA)
1972 I PvdAKVPARPD66PPR
Dries van Agt Dries van Agt
(born 1931)
19 December 1977 11 September 1981 1781 Catholic People's Party
(KVP, -1980)
Christian Democratic Appeal
(CDA, 1980-)
1977 I CDAVVD
11 September 1981 29 May 1982 1981 II CDAPvdAD66
29 May 1982 4 November 1982 III CDAD66

Under Beatrix (1980–2013)[edit]

Political Party:       CDA       PvdA       VVD

Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term of Office Political Party Election Cabinet
Took Office Left Office Days
Ruud Lubbers Ruud Lubbers
(born 1939)
4 November 1982 14 July 1986 4309 Christian Democratic Appeal
(CDA)
1982 I CDAVVD
14 July 1986 7 November 1989 1986 II CDAVVD
7 November 1989 22 August 1994 1989 III CDAPvdA
Wim Kok Wim Kok
(born 1938)
22 August 1994 3 August 1998 2891 Labour Party
(PvdA)
1994 I PvdAVVDD66
3 August 1998 22 July 2002 1998 II PvdAVVDD66
Jan Peter Balkenende Jan Peter Balkenende
(born 1956)
22 July 2002 27 May 2003 3006 Christian Democratic Appeal
(CDA)
2002 I CDALPFVVD
27 May 2003 7 July 2006 2003 II CDAVVDD66
7 July 2006 22 February 2007 III CDAVVD
22 February 2007 14 October 2010 2006 IV CDAPvdACU
Mark Rutte Mark Rutte
(born 1967)
14 October 2010 5 November 2012 1533 People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
(VVD)
2010 I VVDCDA
5 November 2012 Incumbent 2012 II VVDPvdA
Azure, billetty Or a lion with a coronet Or armed and langued Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Argent hilted Or and in the sinister paw seven arrows Argent pointed and bound together Or. [The seven arrows stand for the seven provinces of the Union of Utrecht.] The shield is crowned with the (Dutch) royal crown and supported by two lions Or armed and langued gules. They stand on a scroll Azure with the text (Or) "Je Maintiendrai" (French for "I will maintain".)
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Netherlands

List of Prime Ministers by term length[edit]

Ranking Prime Minister Political Party Term Duration
1st Ruud Lubbers Christian Democratic Appeal 1982–1994 11 years, 291 days
2nd Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck Roman-Catholic State Party 1918–1925
1929-1933
6 years, 329 days
3 years, 289 days
(10 years, 253 days)
3rd Willem Drees Labour Party 1948–1958 10 years, 137 days
4th Johan Rudolph Thorbecke Independent (Liberal) 1849–1853
1862-1866
1871-1872
3 years, 169 days
4 years, 9 days
1 year, 152 days
(8 years, 330 days)
5th Jan Peter Balkenende Christian Democratic Appeal 2002–2010 8 years, 84 days
6th Jan Heemskerk Independent (Conservative) 1874–1877
1883-1888
3 years, 68 days
4 years, 363 days
(8 years, 66 days)
7th Wim Kok Labour Party 1994–2002 7 years, 334 days
8th Hendrikus Colijn Anti Revolutionary Party 1925–1926
1933-1939
6 years, 76 days
0 years, 216 days
(6 years, 292 days)
9th Theo Heemskerk Anti Revolutionary Party 1908–1913 5 years, 198 days
10th Pieter Cort van der Linden Independent (Liberal) 1913–1918 5 years, 11 days
11th Dries van Agt Christian Democratic Appeal 1977–1982 4 years, 320 days
12th Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy Anti Revolutionary Party 1940–1945 4 years, 294 days
13th Joop den Uyl Labour Party 1973-1977 4 years, 222 days
14th Dirk Jan de Geer Christian Historical Union 1926–1929
1939-1940
3 years, 155 days
1 year, 24 days
(4 years, 179 days)
15th Floris Adriaan van Hall Independent (Liberal) 1853-1856
1860-1861
3 years, 73 days
1 year, 19 days
(4 years, 92 days)
15th (tie) Piet de Jong Catholic People's Party 1967-1971 4 years, 92 days
16th Jan de Quay Catholic People's Party 1959-1963 4 years, 66 days
17th Mark Rutte People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 2010-Incumbent 4 years, 72 days
18th Abraham Kuyper Anti Revolutionary Party 1901-1905 4 years, 16 days
19th Nicolaas Pierson Liberal Union 1897-1901 4 years, 5 days
20th Theo van Lynden van Sandenburg Independent (Anti Revolutionary) 1879-1883 3 years, 246 days
21st Æneas Mackay Anti Revolutionary Party 1888-1891 3 years, 123 days
22nd Joan Röell Independent (Liberal) 1894-1897 3 years, 79 days
23rd Gijsbert van Tienhoven Independent (Liberal) 1891-1894 2 years, 261 days
24th Pieter Philip van Bosse Independent (Liberal) 1868-1871 2 years, 214 days
25th Louis Beel Catholic People's Party 1946–1948
1958-1959
2 years, 35 days
0 years, 148 days
(2 years, 183 days)
26th Theo de Meester Liberal Union 1905-1908 2 years, 179 days
27th Gerrit de Vries Independent (Liberal) 1872-1874 2 years, 84 days
28th Julius van Zuylen van Nijevelt Independent (Conservative) 1866-1868 2 years, 3 days
29th Jan Jacob Rochussen Independent (Conservative) 1858-1860 1 year, 342 days
30th Barend Biesheuvel Anti Revolutionary Party 1971-1973 1 year, 309 days
31st Jan Kappeyne van de Coppello Independent (Liberal) 1877-1879 1 year, 290 days
32nd Victor Marijnen Catholic People's Party 1963-1965 1 year, 264 days
33rd Justinus van der Brugghen Independent (Anti Revolutionary) 1856-1858 1 year, 260 days
34th Jo Cals Catholic People's Party 1965-1966 1 year, 222 days
35th Wim Schermerhorn Free-thinking Democratic League/Labour Party 1945-1946 1 year, 9 days
36th Jacob de Kempenaer Independent (Liberal) 1848-1849 0 years, 345 days
37th Jacob van Zuylen van Nijevelt Independent (Liberal) 1861-1861 0 years, 241 days
38th Jelle Zijlstra Anti Revolutionary Party 1966-1967 0 years, 134 days
39th Isaäc Dignus Fransen van de Putte Independent (Liberal) 1866-1866 0 years, 111 days
40th Schelto van Heemstra Independent (Liberal) 1861-1862 0 years, 83 days
41st Gerrit Schimmelpenninck Independent (Liberal) 1848-1848 0 years, 53 days

See also[edit]