List of Prime Ministers of the Netherlands

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The incumbent Prime Minister Mark Rutte, appointed on October 14, 2010

The following is a list of Prime Ministers of the Netherlands since the inception of that office as a result of a revision of the Constitution in 1848. The Prime Minister is the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Netherlands; since 1945 he has held the title of Minister-President.

Colour key (for political parties)
Liberal (Independent)
Liberal (LU/VDB/VVD)
Conservative (Independent)
Social democratic (PvdA)
Catholic Parties (RKSP/KVP)
Protestant Parties (ARP/CHU)
Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA)

Chairmen of the Council of Ministers (1848–1945)[edit]

Prime Ministers under William II (1840–1849)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of Office Political Party Election Cabinet
Start End Duration
Gerrit Schimmelpenninck Gerrit Schimmelpenninck
(1794–1863)
March 25, 1848 May 17, 1848 0 years, 53 days Independent
(Liberal)
Schimmelpennick
Jacob de Kempenaer Jacob de Kempenaer
(1793–1870)
November 21, 1848 November 1, 1849 0 years, 345 days Independent
(Liberal)
1848 De Kempenaer / Donker Curtius

Prime Ministers under William III (1849–1890)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of Office Political Party Election Cabinet
Start End Duration
Johan Rudolph Thorbecke Johan Rudolph Thorbecke
(1798–1872)
November 1, 1849 April 19, 1853 3 years, 169 days Independent
(Liberal)
1850
1852
Thorbecke I
Floris Adriaan van Hall Floris Adriaan van Hall
(1791–1866)
April 19, 1853 July 1, 1856 3 years, 73 days Independent
(Liberal)
1853 Van Hall / Donker Curtius
Justinus van der Brugghen Justinus van der Brugghen
(1804–1863)
July 1, 1856 March 18, 1858 1 year, 260 days Independent
(Anti Revolutionary)
1856 Van der Brugghen
Jan Jacob Rochussen Jan Jacob Rochussen
(1797–1871)
March 18, 1858 February 23, 1860 1 year, 342 days Independent
(Conservative)
1858 Rochussen
Floris Adriaan van Hall Floris Adriaan van Hall
(1791–1866)
February 23, 1860 March 14, 1861 1 year, 19 days Independent
(Liberal)
1860 Van Hall / Van Heemstra
Jacob van Zuylen van Nijevelt Jacob van Zuylen van Nijevelt
(1816–1890)
March 14, 1861 November 10, 1861 0 years, 241 days Independent
(Liberal)
Van Zuylen van Nijevelt / Van Heemstra
Schelto van Heemstra Schelto van Heemstra
(1807–1864)
November 10, 1861 February 1, 1862 0 years, 83 days Independent
(Liberal)
Johan Rudolph Thorbecke Johan Rudolph Thorbecke
(1798–1872)
February 1, 1862 February 10, 1866 4 years, 9 days Independent
(Liberal)
1862
1864
Thorbecke II
Isaäc Dignus Fransen van de Putte Isaäc Dignus Fransen van de Putte
(1822–1902)
February 10, 1866 June 1, 1866 0 years, 111 days Independent
(Liberal)
Fransen van de Putte
Julius van Zuylen van Nijevelt.jpg Julius van Zuylen van Nijevelt
(1819–1894)
June 1, 1866 June 4, 1868 2 years, 3 days Independent
(Conservative)
Jun.1866
Oct.1866
Van Zuylen van Nijevelt
Pieter Philip van Bosse Pieter Philip van Bosse
(1809–1879)
June 4, 1868 January 4, 1871 2 years, 214 days Independent
(Liberal)
1868
1869
Van Bosse / Fock
Johan Rudolph Thorbecke Johan Rudolph Thorbecke
(1798–1872)
January 4, 1871 June 4, 1872 1 year, 152 days Independent
(Liberal)
1871 Thorbecke III
Gerrit de Vries Gerrit de Vries
(1818–1900)
June 4, 1872 August 27, 1874 2 years, 84 days Independent
(Liberal)
1873 De Vries / Fransen van de Putte
Jan Heemskerk Jan Heemskerk
(1818–1897)
August 27, 1874 November 3, 1877 3 years, 68 days Independent
(Conservative)
1875 Heemskerk / Van Lynden van Sandenburg
Jan Kappeyne van de Coppello Jan Kappeyne van de Coppello
(1822–1895)
November 3, 1877 August 20, 1879 1 year, 290 days Independent
(Liberal)
1877 Kappeyne van de Coppello
Theo van Lynden van Sandenburg Theo van Lynden van Sandenburg
(1826–1885)
August 20, 1879 April 23, 1883 3 years, 246 days Independent
(Anti Revolutionary)
1879 Van Lynden van Sandenburg
Jan Heemskerk Jan Heemskerk
(1818–1897)
April 23, 1883 April 20, 1888 4 years, 363 days Independent
(Conservative)
1883
1884
1886
1887
J.Heemskerk
Æneas Mackay Æneas Mackay
(1839–1909)
April 20, 1888 August 21, 1891 3 years, 123 days Anti Revolutionary Party 1888 Mackay

Prime Ministers under Wilhelmina (1890–1948)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of Office Political Party Election Cabinet
Start End Duration
Gijsbert van Tienhoven Gijsbert van Tienhoven
(1841–1914)
August 21, 1891 May 9, 1894 2 years, 261 days Independent
(Liberal)
1891 Van Tienhoven
Joan Röell Joan Röell
(1844–1914)
May 9, 1894 July 27, 1897 3 years, 79 days Independent
(Liberal)
1894 Röell
Nicolaas Pierson Nicolaas Pierson
(1839–1909)
July 27, 1897 August 1, 1901 4 years, 5 days Liberal Union 1897 Pierson
Abraham Kuyper Abraham Kuyper
(1837–1920)
August 1, 1901 August 17, 1905 4 years, 16 days Anti Revolutionary Party 1901 Kuyper
Theo de Meester Theo de Meester
(1851–1919)
August 17, 1905 February 12, 1908 2 years, 179 days Liberal Union 1905 De Meester
Theo Heemskerk Theo Heemskerk
(1852–1932)
February 12, 1908 August 29, 1913 5 years, 198 days Anti Revolutionary Party 1909 T.Heemskerk
Pieter Cort van der Linden Pieter Cort van der Linden
(1846–1935)
August 29, 1913 September 9, 1918 5 years, 11 days Independent
(Liberal)
1913
1917
Cort van der Linden
Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck
(1873–1936)
9 September 1918 18 September 1922 6 years, 329 days Roman-Catholic State Party 1918 Ruijs de Beerenbrouck I
RKSPARPCHU
18 September 1922 4 August 1925 1922 Ruijs de Beerenbrouck II
RKSPARPCHU
Hendrikus Colijn Hendrikus Colijn
(1869–1944)
4 August 1925 8 March 1926 0 years, 216 days Anti Revolutionary Party 1925 Colijn I
RKSPARPCHU
Dirk Jan de Geer Dirk Jan de Geer
(1870–1960)
8 March 1926 10 August 1929 3 years, 155 days Christian Historical Union De Geer I
RKSPARPCHU
Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck
(1873–1936)
10 August 1929 26 May 1933 3 years, 289 days Roman-Catholic State Party 1929 Ruijs de Beerenbrouck III
RKSPARPCHU
Hendrikus Colijn Hendrikus Colijn
(1869–1944)
26 May 1933 31 July 1935 6 years, 76 days Anti Revolutionary Party 1933 Colijn II
RKSPARPCHULSPVDB
31 July 1935 24 June 1937 Colijn III
RKSPARPCHULSPVDB
24 June 1937 25 July 1939 1937 Colijn IV
RKSPARPCHU
25 July 1939 10 August 1939 Colijn V
ARPCHULSP
Dirk Jan de Geer Dirk Jan de Geer
(1870–1960)
10 August 1939 3 September 1940 1 year, 24 days Christian Historical Union De Geer II
RKSPSDAPARPCHUVDB
Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
(1885–1961)
3 September 1940 28 July 1941 4 years, 294 days Anti Revolutionary Party Gerbrandy I
RKSPSDAPARPCHUVDB
28 July 1941 23 February 1945 Gerbrandy II
RKSPSDAPARPCHULSPVDB
23 February 1945 24 June 1945 Gerbrandy III
RKSPARPVDB

Minister-Presidents (1945– )[edit]

Prime Ministers under Wilhelmina (1890–1948)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of Office Political Party Election Cabinet
Start End Duration
Wim Schermerhorn 1946.jpg Wim Schermerhorn
(1894–1977)
24 June 1945 3 July 1946 1 year, 9 days Free-thinking Democratic League
in 1946 merged into
Labour Party
Schermerhorn-Drees
VDBSDAPKVPARP
Louis Beel Louis Beel
(1902–1977)
3 July 1946 7 August 1948 2 years, 35 days Catholic People's Party 1946 Beel I
KVPPvdA

Prime Ministers under Juliana (1948–1980)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of Office Political Party Election Cabinet
Start End Duration
Louis Beel Willem Drees
(1886–1988)
7 August 1948 15 March 1951 10 years, 137 days Labour Party 1948 Drees-Van Schaik
PvdAKVPCHUVVD
15 March 1951 2 September 1952 Drees I (II)
PvdAKVPARPCHU
2 September 1952 13 October 1956 1952 Drees II (III)
PvdAKVPARPCHU
13 October 1956 22 December 1958 1956 Drees III (IV)
PvdAKVPARPCHU
Louis Beel Louis Beel
(1902–1977)
22 December 1958 19 May 1959 0 years, 148 days Catholic People's Party Beel II
KVPARPCHU
Jan de Quay Jan de Quay
(1901–1985)
19 May 1959 24 July 1963 4 years, 66 days Catholic People's Party 1959 De Quay
KVPARPCHUVVD
Victor Marijnen Victor Marijnen
(1917–1975)
24 July 1963 14 April 1965 1 year, 264 days Catholic People's Party 1963 Marijnen
KVPARPCHUVVD
Jo Cals Jo Cals
(1914–1971)
14 April 1965 22 November 1966 1 year, 222 days Catholic People's Party Cals
KVPARPPvdA
Jelle Zijlstra Jelle Zijlstra
(1918–2001)
22 November 1966 5 April 1967 0 years, 134 days Anti Revolutionary Party Zijlstra
ARPKVP
Piet de Jong Piet de Jong
(1915–)
5 April 1967 6 July 1971 4 years, 92 days Catholic People's Party 1967 De Jong
KVPARPCHUVVD
Barend Biesheuvel Barend Biesheuvel
(1920–2001)
6 July 1971 9 August 1972 1 year, 309 days Anti Revolutionary Party 1971 Biesheuvel I
ARPKVPCHUVVDDS70
9 August 1972 11 May 1973 Biesheuvel II
ARPKVPCHUVVD
Joop den Uyl Joop den Uyl
(1919–1987)
11 May 1973 19 December 1977 4 years, 222 days Labour Party 1972 Den Uyl
PvdAKVPARPD66PPR
Dries van Agt Dries van Agt
(1931– )
19 December 1977 11 September 1981 4 years, 320 days Catholic People's Party
in 1980 merged into
Christian Democratic Appeal
1977 Van Agt I
CDAVVD
11 September 1981 29 May 1982 1981 Van Agt II
CDAPvdAD66
29 May 1982 4 November 1982 Van Agt III
CDAD66

Prime Ministers under Beatrix (1980–2013)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Term of Office Political Party Election Cabinet
Start End Duration
Ruud Lubbers Ruud Lubbers
(1939– )
4 November 1982 14 July 1986 11 years, 291 days Christian Democratic Appeal 1982 Lubbers I
CDAVVD
14 July 1986 7 November 1989 1986 Lubbers II
CDAVVD
7 November 1989 22 August 1994 1989 Lubbers III
CDAPvdA
Wim Kok Wim Kok
(1938– )
22 August 1994 3 August 1998 7 years, 334 days Labour Party 1994 Kok I
PvdAVVDD66
3 August 1998 22 July 2002 1998 Kok II
PvdAVVDD66
Jan Peter Balkenende Jan Peter Balkenende
(1956– )
22 July 2002 27 May 2003 8 years, 84 days Christian Democratic Appeal 2002 Balkenende I
CDALPFVVD
27 May 2003 7 July 2006 2003 Balkenende II
CDAVVDD66
7 July 2006 22 February 2007 Balkenende III
CDAVVD
22 February 2007 14 October 2010 2006 Balkenende IV
CDAPvdACU
Mark Rutte Mark Rutte
(1967– )
14 October 2010 5 November 2012 4 years, 9 days People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 2010 Rutte I
VVDCDA
5 November 2012 Incumbent 2012 Rutte II
VVDPvdA
Azure, billetty Or a lion with a coronet Or armed and langued Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Argent hilted Or and in the sinister paw seven arrows Argent pointed and bound together Or. [The seven arrows stand for the seven provinces of the Union of Utrecht.] The shield is crowned with the (Dutch) royal crown and supported by two lions Or armed and langued gules. They stand on a scroll Azure with the text (Or) "Je Maintiendrai" (French for "I will maintain".)
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Netherlands

List of Prime Ministers by term length (as of 23 October 2014)[edit]

Ranking Prime Minister Political Party Term Duration
1st Ruud Lubbers Christian Democratic Appeal 1982–1994 11 years, 291 days
2nd Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck Roman-Catholic State Party 1918–1925
1929-1933
6 years, 329 days
3 years, 289 days
(10 years, 253 days)
3rd Willem Drees Labour Party 1948–1958 10 years, 137 days
4th Johan Rudolph Thorbecke Independent (Liberal) 1849–1853
1862-1866
1871-1872
3 years, 169 days
4 years, 9 days
1 year, 152 days
(8 years, 330 days)
5th Jan Peter Balkenende Christian Democratic Appeal 2002–2010 8 years, 84 days
6th Jan Heemskerk Independent (Conservative) 1874–1877
1883-1888
3 years, 68 days
4 years, 363 days
(8 years, 66 days)
7th Wim Kok Labour Party 1994–2002 7 years, 334 days
8th Hendrikus Colijn Anti Revolutionary Party 1925–1926
1933-1939
6 years, 76 days
0 years, 216 days
(6 years, 292 days)
9th Theo Heemskerk Anti Revolutionary Party 1908–1913 5 years, 198 days
10th Pieter Cort van der Linden Independent (Liberal) 1913–1918 5 years, 11 days
11th Dries van Agt Christian Democratic Appeal 1977–1982 4 years, 320 days
12th Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy Anti Revolutionary Party 1940–1945 4 years, 294 days
13th Joop den Uyl Labour Party 1973-1977 4 years, 222 days
14th Dirk Jan de Geer Christian Historical Union 1926–1929
1939-1940
3 years, 155 days
1 year, 24 days
(4 years, 179 days)
15th Floris Adriaan van Hall Independent (Liberal) 1853-1856
1860-1861
3 years, 73 days
1 year, 19 days
(4 years, 92 days)
15th (tie) Piet de Jong Catholic People's Party 1967-1971 4 years, 92 days
16th Jan de Quay Catholic People's Party 1959-1963 4 years, 66 days
17th Abraham Kuyper Anti Revolutionary Party 1901-1905 4 years, 16 days
18th Nicolaas Pierson Liberal Union 1897-1901 4 years, 5 days
19th Mark Rutte People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 2010-Incumbent 4 years, 9 days
20th Theo van Lynden van Sandenburg Independent (Anti Revolutionary) 1879-1883 3 years, 246 days
21st Æneas Mackay Anti Revolutionary Party 1888-1891 3 years, 123 days
22nd Joan Röell Independent (Liberal) 1894-1897 3 years, 79 days
23rd Gijsbert van Tienhoven Independent (Liberal) 1891-1894 2 years, 261 days
24th Pieter Philip van Bosse Independent (Liberal) 1868-1871 2 years, 214 days
25th Louis Beel Catholic People's Party 1946–1948
1958-1959
2 years, 35 days
0 years, 148 days
(2 years, 183 days)
26th Theo de Meester Liberal Union 1905-1908 2 years, 179 days
27th Gerrit de Vries Independent (Liberal) 1872-1874 2 years, 84 days
28th Julius van Zuylen van Nijevelt Independent (Conservative) 1866-1868 2 years, 3 days
29th Jan Jacob Rochussen Independent (Conservative) 1858-1860 1 year, 342 days
30th Barend Biesheuvel Anti Revolutionary Party 1971-1973 1 year, 309 days
31st Jan Kappeyne van de Coppello Independent (Liberal) 1877-1879 1 year, 290 days
32nd Victor Marijnen Catholic People's Party 1963-1965 1 year, 264 days
33rd Justinus van der Brugghen Independent (Anti Revolutionary) 1856-1858 1 year, 260 days
34th Jo Cals Catholic People's Party 1965-1966 1 year, 222 days
35th Wim Schermerhorn Free-thinking Democratic League/Labour Party 1945-1946 1 year, 9 days
36th Jacob de Kempenaer Independent (Liberal) 1848-1849 0 years, 345 days
37th Jacob van Zuylen van Nijevelt Independent (Liberal) 1861-1861 0 years, 241 days
38th Jelle Zijlstra Anti Revolutionary Party 1966-1967 0 years, 134 days
39th Isaäc Dignus Fransen van de Putte Independent (Liberal) 1866-1866 0 years, 111 days
40th Schelto van Heemstra Independent (Liberal) 1861-1862 0 years, 83 days
41st Gerrit Schimmelpenninck Independent (Liberal) 1848-1848 0 years, 53 days

See also[edit]