List of premiers of Prince Edward Island

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James D. Stewart served as the Premier of Prince Edward Island twice (1923–1927, 1931–1933).

The Canadian province of Prince Edward Island was a British crown colony before it joined Canadian Confederation in 1873. It has had a system of responsible government since 1851, and the province kept its own legislature to deal with provincial matters after joining Confederation.[1] Prince Edward Island has a unicameral Westminster-style parliamentary government, in which the Premier is the leader of the party that controls the most seats in the Legislative Assembly.[2] The Premier is Prince Edward Island's head of government, and the Queen of Canada is its head of state and is represented by the Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island.[3] The Premier picks a cabinet from the elected members to form the Executive Council of Prince Edward Island, and presides over that body.[4]

Members are first elected to the legislature during general elections. General elections must be conducted every five years from the date of the last election, but the Premier may ask for early dissolution of the Legislative Assembly. An election may also take place if the governing party loses the confidence of the legislature by the defeat of a supply bill or tabling of a confidence motion.[5]

Prince Edward Island has had 44 government leaders since it became a colony in 1851. The province had 11 Premiers while a colony and 33 Premiers after Confederation, of which 18 were from the Prince Edward Island Progressive Conservative Party and 26 were from the Prince Edward Island Liberal Party.

Premiers of Prince Edward Island[edit]

      Prince Edward Island Progressive Conservative Party       Prince Edward Island Liberal Party

Premier
(party)
Period Assemblies Elections
Colony of Prince Edward Island (1851–1873)
George Coles.jpg
1st George Coles
(Liberal)
(1st time of 3)
April 24, 1851
1854
... Designated April 24, 1851
John Holl.jpg
2nd John Holl
(Conservative)
1854
1855
19th
20th
...
Elected 1854
Re-elected 1854
Resigned 1855
George Coles.jpg
George Coles
(Liberal)
(2nd time of 3)
1855
1859
... Designated 1855
Edward Palmer.jpg
3rd Edward Palmer
(Conservative)
1859
1863
21st Elected 1859
John Hamilton Gray (1811-1887).jpg
4th John Hamilton Gray
(Conservative)
1863
1865
22nd
...
Elected 1863
Resigned 1865
JamesColledgePope.jpg
5th James Colledge Pope
(Conservative)
(1st time of 2)
1865
1867
... Designated 1865
George Coles.jpg
George Coles
(Liberal)
(3rd time of 3)
1867
1869
23rd
24th
...
Elected 1867
Re-elected 1867
Resigned 1869
Joseph Hensliey.jpg
6th Joseph Hensley
(Liberal)
1869
1869
...
...
Designated 1869
Resigned 1869
Robert Poore Haythorne.jpg
7th Robert Poore Haythorne
(Liberal)
(1st time of 2)
1869
1870
...
...
Designated 1869
Resigned 1870
JamesColledgePope.jpg
James Colledge Pope
(Conservative)
(2nd time of 2)
1870
1872
...
25th
...
Designated 1870
Re-elected 1871 to a coalition
Resigned 1872
Robert Poore Haythorne.jpg
Robert Poore Haythorne
(Liberal)
(2nd time of 2)
1872
April 1873
... Designated 1872 to a coalition
Province of Prince Edward Island (1873–present)
JamesColledgePope.jpg
1st James Colledge Pope
(Conservative)
April 1873
September 1873
26th
...
Elected April 1, 1873
Resigned September 1873
Lemuel Owen.jpg
2nd Lemuel Cambridge Owen
(Conservative)
September 1873
August 1876
... Designated September 1873
LouisHenryDavies.jpg
3rd Louis Henry Davies
(Liberal)
August 1876
April 25, 1879
27th Elected August 10, 1876 to a coalition
William Sullivan.jpg
4th William Wilfred Sullivan
(Conservative)
April 25, 1879
November 1889
28th
29th
30th
...
Elected April 2, 1879
Re-elected May 8, 1883
Re-elected June 30, 1886
Resigned 1889
Neil Macleod.jpg
5th Neil McLeod
(Conservative)
November 1889
April 27, 1891
...
31st
...
Designated November 1889
Re-elected January 30, 1890 to a coalition
Resigned April 27, 1891
Frederick Peters.jpg
6th Frederick Peters
(Liberal)
April 27, 1891
October 1897
...
32nd
Designated April 27, 1891 to a coalition
Re-elected December 13, 1893
Alexander Warburton.jpg
7th Alexander B. Warburton
(Liberal)
October 1897
August 1898
33rd
...
Elected July 28, 1897
Resigned August 1898
Donald Farquharson.jpg
8th Donald Farquharson
(Liberal)
August 1898
December 29, 1901
...
34th
...
Designated August 1898
Re-elected December 12, 1900
Resigned December 29, 1901
Arthur Peters.jpg
9th Arthur Peters
(Liberal)
December 29, 1901
January 29, 1908
...
35th
...
Designated December 29, 1901
Re-elected December 7, 1904
Died January 29, 1908
Francis Haszard.jpg
10th Francis Longworth Haszard
(Liberal)
February 1, 1908
May 16, 1911
...
36th
...
Designated February 1, 1908
Elected November 18, 1908
Resigned May 16, 1911
Herbert James Palmer.jpg
11th H. James Palmer[6]
(Liberal)
May 16, 1911
December 2, 1911
...
...
Designated May 16, 1911
Resigned December 2, 1911
John Mathieson.jpg
12th John A. Mathieson
(Conservative)
December 2, 1911
June 21, 1917
...
37th
38th
...
Designated December 2, 1911
Re-elected January 3, 1912
Re-elected September 16, 1915
Resigned June 21, 1917
Aubin-Edmond Arsenault.jpg
13th Aubin E. Arsenault
(Conservative)
June 21, 1917
September 9, 1919
... Designated June 21, 1917
John Howard Bell.jpg
14th John Howatt Bell
(Liberal)
September 9, 1919
September 5, 1923
39th Elected July 24, 1919
James David Stewart.jpg
15th James D. Stewart
(Conservative)
(1st time of 2)
September 5, 1923
August 21, 1927
40th Elected July 26, 1923
Albert Saunders.jpg
16th Albert C. Saunders
(Liberal)
August 21, 1927
May 20, 1930
41st
...
Elected June 25, 1927
Resigned May 20, 1930
Walter Maxfield Lea.jpg
17th Walter M. Lea
(Liberal)
(1st time of 2)
May 20, 1930
August 29, 1931
... Designated May 20, 1930
James David Stewart.jpg
James D. Stewart
(Conservative)
(2nd time of 2)
August 29, 1931
October 10, 1933
42nd
...
Elected August 6, 1931
Resigned October 10, 1933
William Macmillan.jpg
18th William J. P. MacMillan
(Conservative)
October 14, 1933
August 15, 1935
... Designated October 14, 1933
Walter Maxfield Lea.jpg
Walter M. Lea
(Liberal)
(2nd time of 2)
August 15, 1935
January 10, 1936
43rd
...
Elected July 23, 1935
Died in office January 10, 1936
Thane Campbell.jpg
19th Thane A. Campbell[7]
(Liberal)
January 14, 1936
May 11, 1943
...
44th
Designated January 14, 1936
Re-elected May 18, 1939
John Walter Jones.jpg
20th J. Walter Jones
(Liberal)
May 11, 1943
May 25, 1953
45th
46th
47th
...
Elected September 15, 1943
Re-elected December 11, 1947
Re-elected April 26, 1951
Resigned May 25, 1953
AlexMatheson.jpg
21st Alex W. Matheson[8]
(Liberal)
May 25, 1953
September 16, 1959
...
48th
Designated May 25, 1953
Re-elected May 25, 1955
22nd Walter R. Shaw
(Progressive Conservative)
September 16, 1959
July 28, 1966
49th
50th
Elected September 1, 1959
Re-elected December 10, 1962
23rd Alexander B. Campbell[9]
(Liberal)
July 28, 1966
September 18, 1978
51st
52nd
53rd
54th
Elected May 30, 1966
Re-elected May 11, 1970
Re-elected April 29, 1974
Re-elected April 24, 1978
24th Bennett Campbell[10]
(Liberal)
September 18, 1978
May 3, 1979
... Designated September 18, 1978
25th Angus MacLean[11]
(Progressive Conservative)
May 3, 1979
November 17, 1981
55th
...
Elected April 23, 1979
Resigned November 17, 1981
26th James Lee
(Progressive Conservative)
November 17, 1981
May 2, 1986
...
56th
Designated November 17, 1981
Re-elected September 27, 1982
27th Joe Ghiz[12]
(Liberal)
May 2, 1986
January 25, 1993
57th
58th
Elected April 21, 1986
Re-elected May 29, 1989
28th Catherine Callbeck
(Liberal)
January 25, 1993
October 9, 1996
59th Elected March 29, 1993
29th Keith Milligan
(Liberal)
October 9, 1996
November 27, 1996
...
...
Designated October 9, 1996
Resigned November 27, 1996
30th Pat Binns
(Progressive Conservative)
November 27, 1996
June 12, 2007
60th
61st
62nd
Elected November 18, 1996
Re-elected April 17, 2000
Re-elected September 29, 2003
Robert Ghiz.jpg
31st Robert Ghiz
(Liberal)
June 12, 2007
Incumbent
63rd
64th
Elected May 28, 2007
Re-elected October 3, 2011

Living former premiers[edit]

As of November 2012, five former premiers are alive, the oldest being Alex Campbell (1966–1978, born 1933). The most recent former premier to die was Bennett Campbell (1978–1979), on September 11, 2008. The most recently serving premier to die was Joe Ghiz (1986–1993), on November 9, 1996.

Name Term Date of birth
Alex Campbell 1966–1978 (1933-12-01) December 1, 1933 (age 80)
James Lee 1981–1986 (1937-03-26) March 26, 1937 (age 77)
Catherine Callbeck 1993–1996 (1939-07-25) July 25, 1939 (age 75)
Keith Milligan 1996 (1950-02-08) February 8, 1950 (age 64)
Pat Binns 1996–2007 (1948-10-08) October 8, 1948 (age 65)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ "A History of the Vote in Canada". Elections Canada. Retrieved November 9, 2008. 
  2. ^ "Government Institutions". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved November 9, 2008. 
  3. ^ "The Office of Lieutenant Governor". Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved November 9, 2008. 
  4. ^ "Executive Council". Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved November 9, 2008. 
  5. ^ "Guide to Provincial General Elections". Elections Prince Edward Island. Retrieved November 9, 2008. 
  6. ^ "H. James Palmer". Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved November 9, 2008. 
  7. ^ "Thane A. Campbell". Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved November 9, 2008. 
  8. ^ "Alex W. Matheson". Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved November 9, 2008. 
  9. ^ "Alexander B. Campbell". Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved November 9, 2008. 
  10. ^ "Bennett Campbell". Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved November 9, 2008. 
  11. ^ "Angus MacLean". Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved November 9, 2008. 
  12. ^ "Joe Ghiz". Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved November 9, 2008. 

External links[edit]