List of Proton launches (1970–79)

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This is a list of launches made by the Proton rocket between 1970 and 1979. All launches were conducted from the Baikonur Cosmodrome.

List of Proton launches
1965–1969 · 1970–1979 · 1980–1989 · 1990–1999 · 2000–2009 · 2010–2019

Launches[edit]

Date/Time (UTC) Configuration Serial number Launch pad Outcome
Payload Separation orbit Operator Function
Remarks

1970[edit]

Main article: 1970 in spaceflight
6 February 1970
04:16
Proton-K/D 8K82K/11S824 247-01 Site 81/23 Failure
Luna E-8-5 #405 Highly elliptical (intended) Lunar sample return
Failed to achieve orbit
18 August 1970
03:45
Proton-K 8K82K 246-01 Site 81/23 Successful
82-EV Suborbital Test flight
Investigation into high failure rate of Proton launches
12 September 1970
13:35
Proton-K/D 8K82K/11S824 248-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Luna 16 (Luna E-8-5 #406) Highly elliptical Lunar sample return
20 October 1970
19:55
Proton-K/D 8K82K/11S824 250-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Zond 8 (Soyuz 7K-L1 #14) Highly elliptical Spacecraft test
10 November 1970
14:44
Proton-K/D 8K82K/11S824 251-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Luna 17 (Luna E-8 #203) Highly elliptical Lunar lander
Deployed Lunokhod 1 rover
2 December 1970
17:00
Proton-K/D 8K82K/11S824 252-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Kosmos 382 (Soyuz 7K-L1E #2K) Medium Earth Test flight
Test of Block D upper stage[1]

1971[edit]

Main article: 1971 in spaceflight
19 April 1971
01:40
Proton-K 8K82K 254-01 Site 81/24 Successful
Salyut 1 (DOS-1) Low Earth Space station
First space station
10 May 1971
16:58
Proton-K/D 8K82K/11S824 253-01 Site 81/23 Failure
Kosmos 419 (Mars-3MS #170) Heliocentric (intended)
Low Earth (achieved)
Mars orbiter
Upper stage failed to ignite as timer was programmed in years instead of hours.
19 May 1971
16:22
Proton-K/D 8K82K/11S824 255-01 Site 81/24 Successful
Mars 2 (Mars-4M #171) Heliocentric Mars probe
28 May 1971
15:26
Proton-K/D 8K82K/11S824 249-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Mars 3 (Mars-4M #172) Heliocentric Mars probe
2 September 1971
13:40
Proton-K/D 8K82K/11S824 256-01 Site 81/24 Successful
Luna 18 (Luna E-8-5 #207) Highly elliptical Lunar sample return
Payload later failed
28 September 1971
10:00
Proton-K/D 8K82K/11S824 257-01 Site 81/24 Successful
Luna 19 (Luna E-8LS #202) Highly elliptical Lunar orbiter

1972[edit]

Main article: 1972 in spaceflight
14 February 1972
03:27
Proton-K/D 8K82K/11S824 258-01 Site 81/24 Successful
Luna 20 (Luna E-8-5 #408) Highly elliptical Lunar sample return
29 July 1972
03:20
Proton-K 8K82K 260-01 Site 81/24 Failure
DOS-2 Low Earth (intended) Space station
Second stage failure 162 seconds after launch

1973[edit]

Main article: 1973 in spaceflight
8 January 1973
06:55
Proton-K/D 8K82K/11S824 259-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Luna 21 (Luna E-8 #204) Highly elliptical Lunar lander
Deployed Lunokhod 2 rover
3 April 1973
09:00
Proton-K 8K82K 283-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Salyut 2 (Almaz OPS-1) Low Earth Space station
Payload later failed
11 May 1973
00:20
Proton-K 8K82K 284-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Kosmos 557 (DOS-3) Low Earth Space station
Payload later failed
21 July 1973
19:20
Proton-K/D 8K82K/11S824 261-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Mars 4 (Mars-3MS #52S) Heliocentric Mars orbiter
Payload later failed
25 July 1973
18:55
Proton-K/D 8K82K/11S824 262-01 Site 81/24 Successful
Mars 5 (Mars-3MS #53S) Heliocentric Mars orbiter
Payload later failed
5 August 1973
17:45
Proton-K/D 8K82K/11S824 281-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Mars 6 (Mars-3MP #50P) Heliocentric Mars probe
9 August 1973
17:00
Proton-K/D 8K82K/11S824 281-02 Site 81/24 Successful
Mars 7 (Mars-3MP #51P) Heliocentric Mars probe

1974[edit]

Main article: 1974 in spaceflight
26 March 1974
13:35
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 282-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Kosmos 637 (Raduga GVM) Geosynchronous Test flight
First Proton launch with Block DM upper stage, first Soviet launch to geosynchronous orbit, boilerplate payload
29 May 1974
08:56
Proton-K/D 8K82K/11S824 282-02 Site 81/24 Successful
Luna 22 (Luna E-8LS #206) Highly elliptical Lunar orbiter
24 June 1974
22:38
Proton-K 8K82K 283-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Salyut 3 (Almaz OPS-2) Low Earth Space station
29 July 1974
12:00
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 287-01 Site 81/24 Successful
Molniya-1S Geosynchronous Communications
28 October 1974
14:30
Proton-K/D 8K82K/11S824 285-02 Site 81/24 Successful
Luna 23 (Luna E-8-5M #410) Highly elliptical Lunar sample return
Spacecraft later failed
26 December 1974
04:15
Proton-K 8K82K 284-01 Site 81/24 Successful
Salyut 4 (DOS-4) Low Earth Space station

1975[edit]

Main article: 1975 in spaceflight
8 June 1975
02:38
Proton-K/D 8K82K/11S824 286-01 Site 81/24 Successful
Venera 9 (Venera 4V-1 #660) Heliocentric Venus probe
14 June 1975
03:00
Proton-K/D 8K82K/11S824 285-02 Site 81/24 Successful
Venera 10 (Venera 4V-1 #661) Heliocentric Venus probe
8 October 1975
00:30
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 286-02 Site 81/23 Successful
Kosmos 775 (Prognoz) Geosynchronous Missile defence
Spacecraft later failed
16 October 1975, 04:04 Proton-K/D 8K82K/11S824 287-02 Site 81/23 Failure
Luna E-8-5M #412 Highly elliptical (intended) Lunar sample return
Final flight of Proton-K with Block D upper stage, upper stage malfunctioned
22 December 1975
13:00
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 288-01 Site 81/24 Successful
Gran' #11L (Raduga) Geosynchronous Communications

1976[edit]

Main article: 1976 in spaceflight
22 June 1976
18:04
Proton-K 8K82K 290-02 Site 81/23 Successful
Salyut 5 (Almaz OPS-3) Low Earth Space station
9 August 1976
15:04
Proton-K/D-1 8K82K/11S824M 288-02 Site 81/23 Successful
Luna 24 (Luna E-8-5M #413) Highly elliptical Lunar sample return
First flight of Proton-K with Block D-1 upper stage
11 September 1976
18:24
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 289-01 Site 81/24 Successful
Gran' #12L (Raduga) Geosynchronous Communications
26 October 1976
14:50
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 290-01 Site 81/24 Successful
Ekran #11L Geosynchronous Communications
15 December 1976
01:30
Proton-K 8K82K 289-02 Site 81/24 Successful
Kosmos 881 (TKS VA #009A/1) Low Earth Spacecraft test
Kosmos 882 (TKS VA #009/1) Low Earth Spacecraft test

1977[edit]

Main article: 1977 in spaceflight
17 July 1977
09:00
Proton-K 8K82K 293-02 Site 81/24 Successful
Kosmos 929 (TKS #16101) Low Earth Spacecraft test
23 July 1977
21:15
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 291-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Gran' #13L Geosynchronous Communications
First launch from Site 200
4 August 1977
22:00
Proton-K 8K82K 293-01 Site 81/24 Failure
TKS VA #009A/P Low Earth (intended) Spacecraft test
TKS VA #009/P Low Earth (intended) Spacecraft test
First stage thrust vectoring failure, upper spacecraft ejected by launch escape system
20 September 1977
17:28
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 291-02 Site 200/40 Successful
Ekran #12L Geosynchronous Communications
29 September 1977
06:50
Proton-K 8K82K 295-01 Site 81/24 Successful
Salyut 6 (DOS-5) Low Earth Space station
Last launch of State Trials

1978[edit]

Main article: 1978 in spaceflight
30 March 1978
00:00
Proton-K 8K82K 292-01 Site 81/24 Successful
Kosmos 997 (TKS VA #009A/P2) Low Earth Spacecraft test
Kosmos 998 (TKS VA #009P/2) Low Earth Spacecraft test
27 May 1978
01:25
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 294-02 Site 200/40 Failure
Ekran #13L Geosynchronous Communications
First stage malfunctioned
18 July 1978
21:59
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 292-02 Site 200/40 Successful
Gran' #14L (Raduga) Geosynchronous Communications
17 August 1978
20:02
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 297-02 Site 200/40 Failure
Ekran #15L Geosynchronous Communications
First stage malfunctioned
9 September 1978
03:25
Proton-K/D-1 8K82K/11S824M 296-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Venera 11 (Venera 4V-1 #360) Heliocentric Venus probe
14 September 1978
02:25
Proton-K/D-1 8K82K/11S824M 296-02 Site 81/24 Successful
Venera 12 (Venera 4V-1 #361) Heliocentric Venus probe
17 October 1978
16:04
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 298-01 Site 200/40 Failure
Ekran #14L Geosynchronous Communications
Second stage exploded
19 December 1978, 12:15 Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 295-02 Site 200/40 Partial failure
Gorizont #11L Geosynchronous (planned)
Medium Earth (achieved)
Communications
Upper stage malfunctioned, leaving satellite in wrong orbit. Spacecraft was able to correct its orbit, at the expense of onboard fuel.

1979[edit]

Main article: 1979 in spaceflight
21 February 1979
07:49
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 294-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Ekran #16L Geosynchronous Communications
25 April 1979
03:44
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 298-02 Site 200/40 Successful
Gran' #15L (Raduga) Geosynchronous Communications
22 May 1979
23:00
Proton-K 8K82K 200-02 Site 81/24 Successful
Kosmos 1100 (TKS VA #0102A) Low Earth Spacecraft test
Kosmos 1101 (TKS VA #0102) Low Earth Spacecraft test
Planned to be a manned launch, converted to an unmanned test due to failures on previous missions. Rocket reused after an abort after ignition on 20 April, during attempted launch of two other TKS spacecraft.[2]
5 July 1979
23:19
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 299-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Gorizont #12L Geosynchronous Communications
3 October 1979
17:12
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 302-02 Site 200/40 Successful
Ekran #17L Geosynchronous Communications
28 December 1979
11:51
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 303-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Gorizont #13L Geosynchronous Communications

References[edit]

  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 25 April 2010. 
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 25 April 2010. 
  • Wade, Mark. "Proton". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 25 April 2010. 
  1. ^ Wade, Mark. "Soyuz 7K-L1E". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 25 April 2010. 
  2. ^ Wade, Mark. "Cosmos 1100". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 26 April 2010.