List of Proton launches (1990–99)

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This is a list of launches made by the Proton rocket between 1990 and 1999. All launches were conducted from the Baikonur Cosmodrome.

List of Proton launches
1965–1969 · 1970–1979 · 1980–1989 · 1990–1999 · 2000–2009 · 2010–2019

Launches[edit]

Date/Time (UTC) Configuration Serial number Launch pad Outcome
Payload Separation orbit Operator Function
Remarks

1990[edit]

Main article: 1990 in spaceflight
15 February 1990
07:52:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 363-02 Site 81/23 Successful
Gran' #35L (Raduga) Geosynchronous Communications
19 May 1990
08:32:33
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 350-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Kosmos 2079 (Uragan #46L) Medium Earth Navigation
Kosmos 2080 (Uragan #51L) Medium Earth Navigation
Kosmos 2081 (Uragan #52L) Medium Earth Navigation
31 May 1990
10:33:20
Proton-K 8K82K 360-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Kristall Low Earth Space Station module
Fourth module of Mir
20 June 1990
23:36:00
Proton-K/DM 8K82K/11S86 342-02 Site 200/40 Successful
Gorizont #30L Geosynchronous Communications
Final Proton-K launch with original Block DM upper stage
18 July 1990
21:46:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 340-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 2085 (Geizer #17L) Geosynchronous Communications
9 August 1990
20:18:59
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 345-02 Site 200/39 Failure
Ekran-M #14L Geosynchronous Communications
Third stage malfunctioned, failed to orbit
3 November 1990
14:39:59
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 370-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Gorizont #32L Geosynchronous Communications
23 November 1990
13:21:59
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 348-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Gorizont #33L Geosynchronous Communications
8 December 1990
02:43:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 366-02 Site 200/40 Successful
Kosmos 2109 (Uragan #47L) Medium Earth Navigation
Kosmos 2110 (Uragan #48L) Medium Earth Navigation
Kosmos 2111 (Uragan #49L) Medium Earth Navigation
20 December 1990
11:35:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 361-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Gran' #37L (Raduga) Geosynchronous Communications
27 December 1990
11:08:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 342-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Globus #12 (Raduga-1) Geosynchronous Communications

1991[edit]

Main article: 1991 in spaceflight
14 February 1991
08:31:56
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 344-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 2133 (Prognoz) Geosynchronous Missile defence
28 February 1991
05:30:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 360-02 Site 81/23 Successful
Gran' #38L (Raduga) Geosynchronous Communications
31 March 1991
15:12:00
Proton-K 8K82K 365-01 Site 200/40 Successful
Almaz 1 (Mech-KU #305) Low Earth Radar imaging
4 April 1991
10:47:12
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 354-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 2139 (Uragan #50L) Medium Earth Navigation
Kosmos 2140 (Uragan #53L) Medium Earth Navigation
Kosmos 2141 (Uragan #54L) Medium Earth Navigation
1 July 1991
21:53:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 373-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Gorizont #34L Geosynchronous Communications
13 September 1991
17:51:02
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 353-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Kosmos 2155 (Prognoz) Geosynchronous Missile defence
23 October 1991
15:24:59
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 362-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Gorizont #35L Geosynchronous Communications
22 November 1991
13:27:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 353-02 Site 81/23 Successful
Kosmos 2172 (Geizer #18L) Geosynchronous Communications
19 December 1991
11:41:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 355-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Gran' #39L (Raduga) Geosynchronous Communications

1992[edit]

Main article: 1992 in spaceflight
29 January 1992
22:19:12
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 372-02 Site 81/23 Successful
Kosmos 2177 (Uragan #68L) Medium Earth VKS Navigation
Kosmos 2178 (Uragan #69L) Medium Earth VKS Navigation
Kosmos 2179 (Uragan #71L) Medium Earth VKS Navigation
2 April 1992
01:50:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 369-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Gorizont #36L Geosynchronous Informkosmos Communications
14 July 1992
22:02:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 371-02 Site 81/23 Successful
Gorizont #37L Geosynchronous Informkosmos Communications
30 July 1992
01:59:01
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 376-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Kosmos 2204 (Uragan #56L) Medium Earth VKS Navigation
Kosmos 2205 (Uragan #72L) Medium Earth VKS Navigation
Kosmos 2206 (Uragan #74L) Medium Earth VKS Navigation
10 September 1992
18:01:18
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 363-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Kosmos 2209 (Prognoz) Geosynchronous VKS Missile defence
30 October 1992
14:59:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 372-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Ekran-M #15L Geosynchronous Informkosmos Communications
27 November 1992
13:09:59
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 364-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Gorizont #38L Geosynchronous Informkosmos Communications
17 December 1992
12:45:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 357-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 2224 (Prognoz) Geosynchronous VKS Missile defence

1993[edit]

Main article: 1993 in spaceflight
17 February 1993
20:09:47
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 362-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Kosmos 2234 (Uragan #73L) Medium Earth VKS Navigation
Kosmos 2235 (Uragan #59L) Medium Earth VKS Navigation
Kosmos 2236 (Uragan #57L) Medium Earth VKS Navigation
25 March 1993
02:28:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 358-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Gran' #42L (Raduga) Geosynchronous Communications
27 May 1993
01:22:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 364-02 Site 81/23 Failure
Gorizont #39L Geosynchronous Informkosmos Communications (intended)
Second stage underperformed due to contaminated propellant
30 September 1993
17:05:59
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 359-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Gran' #41L (Raduga) Geosynchronous Communications
28 October 1993
15:17:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 368-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Gorizont #40L Geosynchronous Informkosmos Communications
18 November 1993
13:54:58
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 367-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Rimsat 1 Geosynchronous Rimsat Communications

1994[edit]

Main article: 1994 in spaceflight
20 January 1994
09:49:00
Proton-K/DM-2M 8K82K/11S861-01 358-02 Site 81/23 Successful
Gals 1 Geosynchronous Communications
First Proton-K launch with Block DM-2M upper stage
5 February 1994
08:46:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 375-02 Site 81/23 Successful
Globus #13 (Raduga-1) Geosynchronous Communications
18 February 1994
07:56:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 376-02 Site 81/23 Successful
Gran' #40L (Raduga) Geosynchronous Communications
11 April 1994
07:49:22
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 377-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Kosmos 2275 (Uragan #58L) Medium Earth VKS Navigation
Kosmos 2276 (Uragan #60L) Medium Earth VKS Navigation
Kosmos 2277 (Uragan #61L) Medium Earth VKS Navigation
20 May 1994
02:01:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 357-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Rimsat 2 Geosynchronous Rimsat Communications
6 July 1994
23:58:51
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 365-02 Site 81/23 Successful
Kosmos 2282 (Prognoz) Geosynchronous VKS Missile defence
11 August 1994
15:27:46
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 367-02 Site 81/23 Successful
Kosmos 2287 (Uragan #67L) Medium Earth VKS Navigation
Kosmos 2288 (Uragan #70L) Medium Earth VKS Navigation
Kosmos 2289 (Uragan #75L) Medium Earth VKS Navigation
21 September 1994
17:53:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 381-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 2291 (Geizer #19L) Geosynchronous VKS Communications
13 October 1994
16:19:00
Proton-K/DM-2M 8K82K/11S861-01 377-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Ekspress #11L Geosynchronous Informkosmos Communications
31 October 1994
14:30:56
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 361-02 Site 81/23 Successful
Elektro #1L Geosynchronous Weather
20 November 1994
00:39:37
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 371-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 2294 (Uragan #62L) Medium Earth VKS Navigation
Kosmos 2295 (Uragan #63L) Medium Earth VKS Navigation
Kosmos 2296 (Uragan #64L) Medium Earth VKS Navigation
16 December 1994
12:00:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 373-02 Site 81/23 Successful
Altair #13L (Luch) Geosynchronous Rosaviakosmos Communications
28 December 1994
11:31:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 366-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Gran' #43L (Raduga) Geosynchronous Communications

1995[edit]

Main article: 1995 in spaceflight
7 March 1995
09:23:44
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 370-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 2307 (Uragan #65L) Medium Earth VKS Navigation
Kosmos 2308 (Uragan #66L) Medium Earth VKS Navigation
Kosmos 2309 (Uragan #67L) Medium Earth VKS Navigation
20 May 1995
03:33:22
Proton-K 8K82K 378-02 Site 81/23 Successful
Spektr Low Earth Rosaviakosmos/NASA Space Station module
Fifth module of Mir
24 July 1995
15:52:10
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 374-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 2316 (Uragan #80L) Medium Earth VKS Navigation
Kosmos 2317 (Uragan #81L) Medium Earth VKS Navigation
Kosmos 2318 (Uragan #85L) Medium Earth VKS Navigation
30 August 1995
19:33:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 369-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 2319 (Geizer #20L) Geosynchronous VKS Communications
11 October 1995
16:26:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 386-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Luch 1 (Gelios) Geosynchronous Rosaviakosmos Communications
17 November 1995
14:25:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 384-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Gals 2 Geosynchronous Communications
14 December 1995
06:10:31
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 378-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 2323 (Uragan #82L) Medium Earth VKS Navigation
Kosmos 2324 (Uragan #78L) Medium Earth VKS Navigation
Kosmos 2325 (Uragan #76L) Medium Earth VKS Navigation

1996[edit]

Main article: 1996 in spaceflight
25 January 1996
09:56:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 374-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Gorizont #43L Geosynchronous Informkosmos Communications
19 February 1996
08:19:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 383-02 Site 200/39 Failure
Gran' #44L (Raduga) Geosynchronous (intended)
Geosynchronous transfer (achieved)
Communications
Upper stage failed to restart
8 April 1996
23:09:01
Proton-K/DM3 8K82K/11S861-01 390-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Astra 1F Geosynchronous transfer SES Communications
First commercial launch conducted by International Launch Services, first launch of Proton-K with Block DM3 upper stage
23 April 1996
11:48:50
Proton-K 8K82K 385-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Priroda Low Earth Rosaviakosmos Space Station module
Seventh module of Mir
25 May 1996
02:04:59
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 379-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Gorizont #44L Geosynchronous Informkosmos Communications
6 September 1996
17:37:38
Proton-K/DM1 8K82K/11S861 375-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Inmarsat-3 F2 Geosynchronous Inmarsat Communications
Commercial launch conducted by International Launch Services, only flight of Proton-K with Block DM1 upper stage
26 September 1996
17:50:53
Proton-K/DM-2M 8K82K/11S861-01 379-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Ekspress #12L Geosynchronous Informkosmos Communications
16 November 1996
20:48:52
Proton-K/D-2 8K82K/11S824F 392-02 Site 200/39 Failure
Mars 96 (Fobos-M1 #520) Heliocentric (intended)
Low Earth (achieved)
Rosaviakosmos Mars probe
Final flight of Proton-K with Block D-2 upper stage, upper stage failed to restart, reentered atmosphere over Bolivia

1997[edit]

Main article: 1997 in spaceflight
24 May 1997
17:00:00
Proton-K/DM4 8K82K/11S861-01 380-02 Site 81/23 Successful
Telstar 5 Geosynchronous transfer Loral Skynet Communications
Commercial launch conducted by International Launch Services, only flight of Proton-K with Block DM4 upper stage.
6 June 1997
16:56:54
Proton-K/DM-5 8K82K/17S40 380-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 2344 (Arkas #1) Medium Earth VKS Optical reconnaissance
First Proton-K launch with Block DM-5 upper stage
18 June 1997
14:02:45
Proton-K/DM2 8K82K/17S40 390-02 Site 81/23 Successful
Iridium 9 Low Earth Iridium Communications
Iridium 10 Low Earth Iridium Communications
Iridium 11 Low Earth Iridium Communications
Iridium 12 Low Earth Iridium Communications
Iridium 13 Low Earth Iridium Communications
Iridium 14 Low Earth Iridium Communications
Iridium 16 Low Earth Iridium Communications
Commercial launch conducted by Khrunichev, first Proton-K launch with Block DM2 upper stage
14 August 1997
20:49:14
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 381-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 2345 (Prognoz) Geosynchronous RVSN Missile defence
28 August 1997
00:33:30
Proton-K/DM3 8K82K/11S861-01 387-02 Site 81/23 Successful
PAS-5 Geosynchronous transfer PanAmSat Communications
Commercial launch conducted by International Launch Services
14 September 1997
01:36:54
Proton-K/DM2 8K82K/17S40 391-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Iridium 27 Low Earth Iridium Communications
Iridium 28 Low Earth Iridium Communications
Iridium 29 Low Earth Iridium Communications
Iridium 30 Low Earth Iridium Communications
Iridium 31 Low Earth Iridium Communications
Iridium 32 Low Earth Iridium Communications
Iridium 33 Low Earth Iridium Communications
Commercial launch conducted by Khrunichev
12 November 1997
17:00:00
Proton-K/DM-2M 8K82K/11S861-01 382-01 Site 200/39 Successful
Kupon Geosynchronous CBRF Communications
2 December 1997
23:10:37
Proton-K/DM3 8K82K/11S861-01 382-02 Site 81/23 Successful
Astra 1G Geosynchronous transfer SES Communications
Commercial launch conducted by International Launch Services
24 December 1997
23:19
Proton-K/DM3 8K82K/11S861-01 394-01 Site 81/23 Partial failure
AsiaSat 3 Geosynchronous transfer AsiaSat Communications
Commercial launch conducted by International Launch Services, upper stage failed one second into second burn resulting in lower perigee than expected, spacecraft corrected its orbit at significant cost to operational life

1998[edit]

Main article: 1998 in spaceflight
7 April 1998
02:13:03
Proton-K/DM2 8K82K/17S40 391-02 Site 81/23 Successful
Iridium 62 Low Earth Iridium Communications
Iridium 63 Low Earth Iridium Communications
Iridium 64 Low Earth Iridium Communications
Iridium 65 Low Earth Iridium Communications
Iridium 66 Low Earth Iridium Communications
Iridium 67 Low Earth Iridium Communications
Iridium 68 Low Earth Iridium Communications
Commercial launch conducted by Khrunichev
29 April 1998
04:36:54
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 384-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 2350 (Prognoz) Geosynchronous RVSN Missile defence
7 May 1998
23:45:00
Proton-K/DM3 8K82K/11S861-01 393-02 Site 81/23 Successful
EchoStar IV Geosynchronous transfer Echostar Communications
Commercial launch conducted by International Launch Services
30 August 1998
00:31:00
Proton-K/DM3 8K82K/11S861-01 383-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Astra 2A Geosynchronous transfer SES Communications
Commercial launch conducted by International Launch Services
4 November 1998
05:12:00
Proton-K/DM3 8K82K/11S861-01 395-02 Site 81/23 Successful
PAS-8 Geosynchronous transfer PanAmSat Communications
Commercial launch conducted by International Launch Services
20 November 1998
06:40:00
Proton-K 8K82K 395-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Zarya Low Earth NASA Space Station module
First module of the International Space Station
30 December 1998
18:35:46
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 385-02 Site 200/39 Successful
Kosmos 2362 (Uragan #86L) Medium Earth RVSN Navigation
Kosmos 2363 (Uragan #84L) Medium Earth RVSN Navigation
Kosmos 2364 (Uragan #79L) Medium Earth RVSN Navigation

1999[edit]

Main article: 1999 in spaceflight
15 February 1999
05:12:00
Proton-K/DM3 8K82K/11S861-01 396-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Telstar 6 Geosynchronous transfer Loral Skynet Communications
Commercial launch conducted by International Launch Services
28 February 1999
04:00:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 387-01 Site 81/23 Successful
Globus #15 (Raduga-1) Geosynchronous Communications
21 March 1999
00:09:30
Proton-K/DM3 8K82K/11S861-01 388-01 Site 81/23 Successful
AsiaSat 3S Geosynchronous transfer AsiaSat Communications
Commercial launch conducted by International Launch Services
20 May 1999
22:30:00
Proton-K/DM3 8K82K/11S861-01 396-02 Site 81/23 Successful
Nimiq 1 Geosynchronous transfer Telesat Canada Communications
Commercial launch conducted by International Launch Services
18 June 1999
01:49:30
Proton-K/DM3 8K82K/11S861-01 397-02 Site 81/23 Successful
Astra 1H Geosynchronous transfer SES Communications
Commercial launch conducted by International Launch Services
5 July 1999
13:32:00
Proton-K/Briz-M 8K82K/11S43 389-01/88501 Site 81/24 Failure
Gran' #45 (Raduga) Geosynchronous Communications
First Proton-K launch with Briz-M upper stage, second stage exploded
6 September 1999
16:36:00
Proton-K/DM-2M 8K82K/11S861-01 388-02 Site 81/23 Successful
Yamal-101 Geosynchronous Gazcom Communications
Yamal-102 Geosynchronous Gazcom Communications
26 September 1999
22:30:00
Proton-K/DM3 8K82K/11S861-01 398-02 Site 81/23 Successful
LMI-1 Geosynchronous transfer LMI Communications
Commercial launch conducted by International Launch Services
27 October 1999
16:16:00
Proton-K/DM-2 8K82K/11S861 386-02 Site 200/39 Failure
Ekspress-A1 Geosynchronous (intended) Informkosmos Communications
Second stage malfunctioned

References[edit]

  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 29 April 2010. 
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 29 April 2010. 
  • Wade, Mark. "Proton". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 29 April 2010.