List of Providence Grays managers

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George Wright was one of two Wright brothers to manage the Grays, and led the Grays to the 1879 National League pennant.

The Providence Grays were a Major League Baseball team that played in Providence, Rhode Island. They played in the National League from 1878 through 1885.[1] During their time as a Major League team, the Grays employed eight different managers.[2] The duties of the team manager include team strategy and leadership on and off the field.[3][4]

The Grays' first manager was left fielder Tom York.[1] York managed the team in 1878 and led them to a record of 33 wins and 27 losses. York also managed the Grays for part of the 1881 season, and in total managed the Grays for 96 games, with 56 wins and 37 losses, for a winning percentage of .602.[5] In their second season, the Grays were managed by shortstop and Baseball Hall of Fameer George Wright.[1] Wright led the team to a record of 59 wins and 25 losses for a winning percentage of .702 in 1879, winning the National League pennant.[1][6] Wright left the team to join the Boston Red Caps, managed by his brother Harry Wright in 1880.[6][7] In 1880 and 1881 the Grays employed a total of five different managers, including York's second term and 32 games managed by Hall of Famer John Montgomery Ward.[1][8]

In 1882, Hall of Famer Harry Wright, George Wright's brother, became the Grays manager, and George Wright rejoined the team as their shortstop.[1][7][9] Harry Wright managed the team for two seasons, winning 110 games and losing 72.[7] Frank Bancroft became the Grays' manager in 1884 and managed the team to record of 84 wins and 28 losses and a winning percentage of .750, winning the Grays' second National League pennant behind the strength of Charles Radbourn's record 59 pitching victories.[1][10][11] The Grays also won the World Series in 1884; however the 19th century World Series was a very different event from the current World Series, which began in 1903.[12] The 19th century World Series was considered an exhibition contest between the champion of the National League and the champion of the American Association.[13] The Grays defeated the American Association champion New York Metropolitans in the 1884 World Series winning three games and losing none.[12] Bancroft managed the team again for their final season as a Major League team in 1885 with less success.[1] Bancroft finished with an overall managerial record with the Grays of 137 wins and 85 losses, for a winning percentage of .617.[14]

Bancroft managed the most games in Grays' history, 224, and his 137 wins and 85 losses are also the most in Grays' history.[2] George Wright has the highest winning percentage of any Grays' manager, with .702.[2] Three Grays' managers, Ward and the Wright brothers, were elected to Baseball's Hall of Fame.[15]

Table key[edit]

Harry Wright, George's brother, managed the Grays in 1882 and 1883.
#
A running total of the number of Grays' managers. Any manager who has two or more separate terms is only counted once.
G
Number of regular season games managed; may not equal sum of wins and losses due to tie games
W
Number of regular season wins in games managed
L
Number of regular season losses in games managed
WPct
Winning percentage: number of wins divided by number of games managed
PA
Playoff appearances: number of years this manager has led the franchise to the playoffs
PW
Playoff wins: number of wins this manager has accrued in the playoffs
PL
Playoff losses: number of losses this manager has accrued in the playoffs
LC
League Championships: number of League Championships, or pennants, achieved by the manager
WS
World Series: number of World Series victories achieved by the manager
Elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame

Managers[edit]

Frank Bancroft was the Grays' last manager, and led the team to the 1884 World Series championship.
# Manager Seasons G W L WPct PA PW PL LC WS Ref
1 York, TomTom York 1878 62 33 27 .550 [5]
2 Wright, GeorgeGeorge Wright 1879 85 59 25 .702 1 [6]
3 McGeary, MikeMike McGeary 1880 16 8 7 .533 [16]
4 Ward, John MontgomeryJohn Montgomery Ward 1880 32 18 13 .581 [8]
5 Dorgan, MikeMike Dorgan 1880 39 26 12 .684 [17]
6 Farrell, JackJack Farrell 1881 51 24 27 .471 [18]
York, TomTom York 1881 34 23 10 .697 [5]
7 Wright, HarryHarry Wright 18821883 182 110 72 .604 [7]
8 Bancroft, FrankFrank Bancroft 18841885 224 137 85 .617 1 3 0 1 1[a] [12][14]

Footnotes[edit]

  • a Although the Grays won the tournament called the World Series in 1884, the 19th century World Series was a very different event from the current World Series, which began in 1903. The 19th century World Series was considered an exhibition contest between the champion of the National League and the champion of the American Association. The Grays defeated the New York Metropolitans in the 1884 World Series winning all three games.[12][13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Providence Grays Team History & Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  2. ^ a b c "Providence Grays Managers". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  3. ^ "Manager: Definition | Dictionary.com". Dictionary.Reference.com. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. 2006. Retrieved 2009-02-24. 
  4. ^ Dickson, P. (2009). The Dickson Baseball Dictionary (Third Edition ed.). W.W. Norton & Co. p. 530. ISBN 978-0-393-06681-4. 
  5. ^ a b c "Tom York Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  6. ^ a b c "George Wright Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  7. ^ a b c d "Harry Wright Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  8. ^ a b "John Ward Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  9. ^ "1882 Providence Grays". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  10. ^ "1884 Providence Grays". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  11. ^ "Single-Season Leaders & Records for Wins". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  12. ^ a b c d "1884 World Series". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  13. ^ a b "World Series". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2009-08-11. 
  14. ^ a b "Frank Bancroft Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  15. ^ "Members of the Baseball Hall of Fame and their Year of Induction". The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved 2009-08-02. [dead link]
  16. ^ "Mike McGeary Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  17. ^ "Mike Dorgan Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  18. ^ "Jack Farrell Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-08-19.