List of Psittaciformes by population

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This is a list of Psittaciformes species by global population. While numbers are estimates, they have been made by the experts in their fields. For more information on how these estimates were ascertained, see Wikipedia's articles on population biology and population ecology.

This list is not comprehensive, as not all Psittaciformes have had their numbers quantified. All numbers, unless explicitly stated otherwise in the notes, regard individuals in the wild only.

Species by global population[edit]

Common name Binomial name Population Status Trend Notes Image
Glaucous macaw Anodorhynchus glaucus 50[1] CR[1] Unknown[1] Maximum estimate. Updated from "Extinct" in 2000 due to persistent unverified reports of its existence.[1] A. glaucus.jpg
New Caledonian lorikeet Charmosyna diadema 50[2] CR[2] Unknown[2] Maximum estimate.[2]
Red-throated lorikeet Charmosyna amabilis 50[3] CR[3] Decrease[3] Maximum estimate.[3]
Spix's macaw Cyanopsitta spixii 50[4] CR[4] Unknown[4] Maximum estimate; possibly extinct in the wild.[4] Spixara.jpg
Night parrot Pezoporus occidentalis 50 – 250[5] EN[5] Decrease[5] Numbers could be underestimated.[5] Pezoporus occidentalis.jpg
Grey-breasted parakeet Pyrrhura griseipectus 50 – 249[6] CR[6] Decrease[6] Pyrrhura griseipectus -upper body-8a.jpg
Blue-fronted lorikeet Charmosyna toxopei 70 – 400[7] CR[7] Decrease[7]
Blue-winged racket-tail Prioniturus verticalis 75 – 375[8] CR[8] Decrease[8] "Probably."[8]
Blue-throated macaw Ara glaucogularis 110 – 130[9] CR[9] Steady[9] Estimate does not include captive individuals.[9] Blue-ThroatedMacaw1 CincinnatiZoo.jpg
Kakapo Strigops habroptila 126[10] CR[10] Increase[10] Strigops habroptilus 1.jpg
Fuertes's parrot Hapalopsittaca fuertesi 160[11] CR[11] Decrease[11]
Norfolk parakeet Cyanoramphus cookii 240[12] CR[12] Decrease[12] Minimum estimate.[12] Cyanoramphus cookii -Palm Glen, Norfolk Island, Australia-8.jpg
Imperial amazon Amazona imperialis 250 – 350[13] EN[13] Increase[13] Amazona imperialis -Roseau -Dominica -aviary-6a-3c.jpg
Socorro parakeet Aratinga brevipes 300[14] EN[14] Decrease[14]
Puerto Rican amazon Amazona vittata 330 – 350[15] CR[15] Steady[15] 280 captive, 50-70 wild.[15] Amazona vittata -Iguaca Aviary, Puerto Rica-8a (2).jpg
Saint Lucia amazon Amazona versicolor 350 – 500[16] VU[16] Increase[16]
Brown-backed parrotlet Touit melanonotus 350 – 1500[17] EN[17] Decrease[17] Touit melanonota -Ubatuba, Sao Paulo, Brazil-8.jpg
Yellow-faced parrotlet Forpus xanthops 350 – 1500[18] VU[18] Steady[18] Forpus xanthops -pet on cage-8a.jpg
Malherbe's parakeet Cyanoramphus malherbi 450[19] CR[19] Increase[19] Cyanoramphus malherbi.jpg
Red-vented cockatoo Cacatua haematuropygia 550- 1200[20] CR[20] Decrease[20] Cacatua haematuropygia -Palawan, Philippines-8.jpg
Réunion parakeet Psittacula eques 580[21] EN[21] Increase[21] Echo parakeet (Psittacula eques echo) -at Durrell Trust.jpg
Stephen's lorikeet Vini stepheni 720 – 1820[22] VU[22] Steady[22] ViniStepheniGronvold.jpg
Saint Vincent amazon Amazona guildingii 734[23] VU[23] Increase[23]
Golden parakeet Guaruba guarouba 1000 – 2499[24] EN[24] Decrease[24] Guaruba guarouba -Discovery Cove-6.jpg
Red-browed amazon Amazona rhodocorytha 1000 – 2499[25] EN[25] Decrease[25] Red-browed Amazon parrot.jpg
Spot-winged parrotlet Touit stictopterus 1000 – 2499[26] VU[26] Decrease[26]
Ultramarine lorikeet Vini ultramarina 1000 – 2499[27] EN[27] Decrease[27]
Vinaceous-breasted amazon Amazona vinacea 1000 – 2499[28] EN[28] Decrease[28] Preliminary estimate.[28] Amazona vinacea -Iguazu Bird Park, Brazil-8a.jpg
Red-fronted macaw Ara rubrogenys 1000 – 4000[29] EN[29] Decrease[29] Ara rubrogenys -20030516.jpg
Yellow-eared parrot Ognorhynchus icterotis 1103[30] EN[30] Increase[30]
Lear's macaw Anodorhynchus leari 1123[31] EN[31] Unknown[31] Anodorhynchus leari -Rio de Janeiro Zoo, Brazil-8a.jpg
Red-necked amazon Amazona arausiaca 1200 – 1500[32] VU[32] Increase[32] Amazona arausiaca -Roseau -Dominica -aviary-6a.jpg
Palm lorikeet Charmosyna palmarum 1500 – 4000[33] VU[33] Decrease[33]
Sun parakeet Aratinga solstitialis 1500 – 4000[34] EN[34] Decrease[34] Possibly overestimated.[34] Aratinga solstitialis -Hamilton Zoo -white flowers-8.jpg
Swift parrot Lathamus discolor 1500 – 4000[35] EN[35] Decrease[35] Lathamus discolor Bruny 1.jpg
New Zealand kaka Nestor meridionalis 1500 – 7000[36] EN[36] Decrease[36] Kaka-Parrots.jpg
Kuhl's lorikeet Vini kuhlii 2000[37] EN[37] Decrease[37] Minimum estimate.[37]
Antipodes parakeet Cyanoramphus unicolor 2000 – 3000[38] VU[38] Steady[38] Cyanoramphus unicolor, Pengo.jpg
Rufous-fronted parakeet Bolborhynchus ferrugineifrons 2000 – 4000[39] EN[39] Decrease[39]
Blue lorikeet Vini peruviana 2500 – 9999[40] VU[40] Decrease[40] Vini peruviana -captive-8a.jpg
Blue-headed racket-tail Prioniturus platenae 2500 – 9999[41] VU[41] Decrease[41] Blue-headed Racquet-tail.JPG
Blue-naped parrot Tanygnathus lucionensis 2500 – 9999[42] NT[42] Decrease[42] Tanygnathus lucionensis -Luzon -Philippines-8.jpg
Blue-winged macaw Primolius maracana 2500 – 9999[43] NT[43] Decrease[43] Primolius maracana -Palmitos Park -Gran Canaria-8a.jpg
Golden-plumed parakeet Leptosittaca branickii 2500 – 9999[44] VU[44] Decrease[44] Leptosittaca branickii -Tapichalaca Reserve-8.jpg
Mindanao lorikeet Trichoglossus johnstoniae 2500 – 9999[45] NT[45] Decrease[45] Mindanao Lorikeet (Trichoglossus johnstoniae).jpg
Hispaniolan parakeet Aratinga chloroptera 2500 – 9999[46] VU[46] Decrease[46]
Montane racket-tail Prioniturus montanus 2500 – 9999[47] NT[47] Decrease[47]
White-breasted parakeet Pyrrhura albipectus 2500 – 9999[48] VU[48] Decrease[48]
Yellow-crested cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea 2500 – 9999[49] CR[49] Decrease[49] Lesser-sulphur crested cockatoo 31l07.JPG
Yellow-shouldered amazon Amazona barbadensis 2500 – 9999[50] VU[50] Decrease[50] Amazona barbadensis -pet-side-4a.jpg
Thick-billed parrot Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha 3000 – 6000[51] EN[51] Decrease[51] Population may be overestimated.[51] ThickBilledParrot3 CincinnatiZoo.jpg
Ouvea parakeet Eunymphicus uvaeensis 3100 – 3200[52] EN[52] Increase[52] Uvea Parakeet.JPG
Maroon-fronted parrot Rhynchopsitta terrisi 3500[53] EN[53] Decrease[53] Rhynchopsitta terrisi -captive-8a.jpg
Black-cheeked lovebird Agapornis nigrigenis 3500 – 15 000[54] VU[54] Decrease[54] Black-checked Lovebird RWD.jpg
Black-winged lory Eos cyanogenia 3500 – 15 000[55] VU[55] Decrease[55] BlackWingedLorikeet.jpg
Black-lored parrot Tanygnathus gramineus 3500 – 15 000[56] VU[56] Decrease[56]
El Oro parakeet Pyrrhura orcesi 3500 – 15 000[57] EN[57] Decrease[57]
Golden-tailed parrotlet Touit surdus 3500 – 15 000[58] VU[58] Decrease[58]
Green racket-tail Prioniturus luconensis 3500 – 15 000[59] VU[59] Decrease[59]
Ochre-marked parakeet Pyrrhura cruentata 3500 – 15 000[60] VU[60] Decrease[60] Pyrrhura cruentata -two perching-8a.jpg
Red-faced parrot Hapalopsittaca pyrrhops 3500 – 15 000[61] VU[61] Decrease[61]
Red-fronted parrotlet Touit costaricensis 3500 – 15 000[62] VU[62] Decrease[62]
Rusty-faced parrot Hapalopsittaca amazonina 3500 – 15 000[63] VU[63] Decrease[63]
Wallace's hanging parrot Loriculus flosculus 3500 – 15 000[64] EN[64] Decrease[64]
White-naped lory Lorius albidinucha 3500 – 15 000[65] NT[65] Decrease[65]
Great green macaw Ara ambiguus 3700[66] EN[66] Decrease[66] Maximum estimate.[66] Ara ambigua.JPG
Golden-shouldered parrot Psephotus chrysopterygius 3750[67] EN[67] Decrease[67] Golden-shouldered Parrot (Psephotus chrysopterygius)-6.jpg
Red-tailed amazon Amazona brasiliensis 4000 – 5500[68] VU[68] Increase[68] Amazona brasiliensis -upper body-8a.jpg
Mindanao racket-tail Prioniturus waterstradti 5000[69] NT[69] Decrease[69] Estimate dates from 1993.[69]
Kea Nestor notabilis 5000[70] VU[70] Decrease[70] Preliminary estimate.[70] Kea (Nestor notabilis) -side -NZ-8a.jpg
Flame-winged parakeet Pyrrhura calliptera 5000 – 10 000[71] VU[71] Decrease[71]
Santa Marta parakeet Pyrrhura viridicata 5000 – 10 000[72] EN[72] Decrease[72]
Crimson shining parrot Prosopeia splendens 6000[73] VU[73] Decrease[73]
Hyacinth macaw Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus 6500[74] EN[74] Decrease[74] Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus -Hyacinth Macaw -side of head.jpg
Yellow-headed amazon Amazona oratrix 7000[75] EN[75] Decrease[75] Estimate dates from 1994.[75] Amazona oratrix -eating in tree-8.jpg
Saffron-headed parrot Pyrilia pyrilia 7000[76] NT[76] Decrease[76] Minimum estimate.[76]
Lilac-crowned amazon Amazona finschi 7000 – 10 000[77] VU[77] Decrease[77] Amazona finschi -upper body -captive-8a.jpg
Princess parrot Polytelis alexandrae 7500[78] NT[78] Steady[78] Preliminary estimate.[78] Polytelis alexandrae -Cincinnati Zoo -side-8a.jpg
Horned parakeet Eunymphicus cornutus 8000 – 9000[79] VU[79] Increase[79] Horned Parakeet 3487 Copyright TP ONG.JPG
New Caledonian parakeet Cyanoramphus saisseti 8000 – 10 000[80] VU[80] Decrease[80] Cyanoramphus saisseti Parc de la rivière bleue.jpg
Red-and-blue lory Eos histrio 8200 – 21 400[81] EN[81] Decrease[81] Eos histrio talautensis 1.jpg
Cuban parakeet Aratinga euops 10 000[82] VU[82] Decrease[82] Cuban Parakeet (Aratinga euops) -two in tree.jpg
Jonquil parrot Aprosmictus jonquillaceus 10 000[83] NT[83] Decrease[83]
Manu parrotlet Nannopsittaca dachilleae 10 000[84] NT[84] Decrease[84] Preliminary estimate.[84]
Pearly parakeet Pyrrhura lepida 10 000[85] VU[85] Decrease[85]
Red-masked parakeet Aratinga erythrogenys 10 000[86] NT[86] Decrease[86] Red-masked Parakeet-Aratinga erythrogenys in a tree.jpg
Bald parrot Pyrilia aurantiocephala 10 000[87] NT[87] Decrease[87] Preliminary minimum estimate.[87]
Golden-capped parakeet Aratinga auricapillus 10 000[88] NT[88] Decrease[88] Preliminary minimum estimate.[88] Aratinga auricapillus -Seattle, Washington, USA -pet in aviary-8.jpg
Salvadori's fig parrot Psittaculirostris salvadorii 10 000[89] VU[89] Decrease[89] Preliminary minimum estimate.[89]
Long-billed black cockatoo Calyptorhynchus baudinii 10 000 – 15 000[90] EN[90] Decrease[90] Calyptorhynchus baudinii (female) -Margaret River-8.jpg
Black-billed amazon Amazona agilis 10 000 – 19 999[91] VU[91] Decrease[91]
Hispaniolan amazon Amazona ventralis 10 000 – 19 999[92] VU[92] Decrease[92] Preliminary estimate.[92] Amazona ventralis -two captive-8a.jpg
Lilian's lovebird Agapornis lilianae 10 000 – 19 999[93] NT[93] Decrease[93] Agapornis lilianae 2c.jpg
Military macaw Ara militaris 10 000 – 19 999[94] VU[94] Decrease[94] Ara militaris -Zoológico Los Coyotes -three-8a.jpg
Nicobar parakeet Psittacula caniceps 10 000 – 19 999[95] NT[95] Decrease[95]
Tucumán amazon Amazona tucumana 10 000 – 19 999[96] VU[96] Decrease[96]
Yellow-billed amazon Amazona collaria 10 000 – 19 999[97] VU[97] Decrease[97] Amazona collaria -St. Andrew -Jamaica-8a.jpg
Sangihe hanging parrot Loriculus catamene 10 000 – 46 000[98] NT[98] Decrease[98]
Blue-headed macaw Primolius couloni 10 000 – 70 000[99] VU[99] Decrease[99] Estimate is considered conservative.[99] Primolius couloni -captive-8a-3cp.jpg
Salmon-crested cockatoo Cacatua moluccensis 10 000 – 99 999[100] VU[100] Decrease[100] Cacatua moluccensis - closeup of head.jpg
Blue-eyed cockatoo Cacatua ophthalmica 15 000[101] VU[101] Decrease[101] Minimum estimate.[101] Cacatua ophthalmica -Vogelpark Walsrode -upper body-8a.jpg
Bismarck hanging parrot Loriculus tener 15 000 – 30 000[102] NT[102] Decrease[102] Loriculus aurantiifrons Smit.jpg
Red-spectacled amazon Amazona pretrei 16 300[103] VU[103] Decrease[103] Estimate dates from 1997.[103] Amazona pretrei -Rio Grande do Sul -Brazil-8.jpg
Glossy black cockatoo Calyptorhynchus lathami 17 140[104] LC[104] Decrease[104] Divided into three subspecies: C. L. lathami (1200), C. l. halmaturinus (140), & C. l. erebus (5000).[104] Glossy Black Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus lathami).jpg
Hooded parrot Psephotus dissimilis 20 000[105] LC[105] Steady[105] Psephotus dissimilis (female) -Burgers Zoo-8a.jpg
Turquoise parrot Neophema pulchella 20 000[106] LC[106] Steady[106] Turquoise Parrot (Neophema pulchella)-6.jpg
Brown-hooded parrot Pyrilia haematotis 20 000 – 49 999[107] LC[107] Steady[107] Brown-hooded Parrot 2 Eduardo Rivero.jpg
Mexican parrotlet Forpus cyanopygius 20 000 – 49 999[108] LC[108] Steady[108]
Pfrimer's parakeet Pyrrhura pfrimeri 20 000 – 49 999[109] EN[109] Decrease[109]
Scarlet macaw Ara macao 20 000 – 49 999[110] LC[110] Decrease[110] Ara macao -Fort Worth Zoo-8.jpg
Yellow-naped amazon Amazona auropalliata 20 000 – 49 999[111] VU[111] Decrease[111] YellownapedAmazon.jpg
Yucatan amazon Amazona xantholora 20 000 – 49 999[112] LC[112] Steady[112] Amazona xantholora -Xcaret Eco Park -Mexico-8a.jpg
Red-crowned parakeet Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae 21 300 – 25 300[113] VU[113] Decrease[113] Estimate is considered dated.[113] Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae -Nga Manu Nature Reserve, Waikanae, New Zealand-8.jpg
Regent parrot Polytelis anthopeplus 21 500[114] LC[114] Decrease[114] Divided into two subspecies: P. a. anthopeplusis (20 000) & P. a. monarchoides (1500).[114] Polytelis anthopeplus 2 edit1.jpg
Short-billed black cockatoo Calyptorhynchus latirostris 40 000[115] EN[115] Decrease[115] Short Billed Black Cockatoo Wings.jpg
White cockatoo Cacatua alba 43 000 – 183 000[116] VU[116] Decrease[116] Estimate dates from 1993.[116] Cacatua alba -Bali Bird Park -crest-8.jpg
Yellow-breasted racket-tail Prioniturus flavicans 45 000[117] NT[117] Decrease[117]
Brown lory Chalcopsitta duivenbodei 50 000[118] LC[118] Steady[118] Minimum estimate dating from 1992.[118] Brown Lory (Chalcopsitta duivenbodei)-7.jpg
Barred parakeet Bolborhynchus lineola 50 000 – 499 999[119] LC[119] Steady[119] Bolborhynchus lineola -captive-8a.jpg
Masked shining parrot Prosopeia personata 88 000[120] NT[120] Decrease[120]
White-crowned parrot Pionus senilis 50 000 – 499 999[121] LC[121] Decrease[121] Pionus senilis guatemala 2.jpg
Red-tailed black cockatoo Calyptorhynchus banksii 100 000[122] LC[122] Decrease[122] Minimum estimate.[122] Red tailed Black Cockatoo in flight.jpg
Blue-streaked lory Eos reticulata 100 000 – 499 999[123] NT[123] Decrease[123] Eos reticulata-20040821B.jpg
Long-billed corella Cacatua tenuirostris 100 000 – 499 999[124] LC[124] Increase[124] Long billed corella eating walnut.jpg
Tanimbar corella Cacatua goffiniana 100 000 – 499 999[125] NT[125] Decrease[125] Cacatua goffiniana -eating rambutan-6.jpg
Fischer's lovebird Agapornis fischeri 290 205 – 1 002 210[126] NT[126] Decrease[126] Agapornis fischeri - pair.jpg
Mealy amazon Amazona farinosa 500 000 – 4 999 999[127] LC[127] Decrease[127] Amazona farinosa -Macaw Mountain Bird Park-8b.jpg
Orange-chinned parakeet Brotogeris jugularis 500 000 – 4 999 999[128] LC[128] Steady[128] Brotogeris jugularis -Guanacaste Province, Costa Rica-8.jpg
Orange-fronted parakeet Aratinga canicularis 500 000 – 4 999 999[129] LC[129] Steady[129] Aratinga canicularis -Costa Rica -two-8 (1).jpg
Olive-throated parakeet Aratinga nana 500 000 – 4 999 999[130] LC[130] Decrease[130] Aztec Parakeet (Aratinga astec) -Guatemala-8-2c.jpg
Red-lored amazon Amazona autumnalis 500 000 – 4 999 999[131] LC[131] Decrease[131] Cotorra.jpg
White-fronted amazon Amazona albifrons 500 000 – 4 999 999[132] LC[132] Increase[132] White-fronted amazon (Amazona albifrons) 1.jpeg
Cockatiel Nymphicus hollandicus ≈ 1 000 000[133] LC[134] Steady[134] Cockatielmale.jpg
Budgerigar Melopsittacus undulatus ≈ 5 000 000[135] LC[136] Increase[136] Melopsittacus undulatus -Australia-8.jpg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Anodorhynchus glaucus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  2. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Charmosyna diadema". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  3. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Charmosyna amabilis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  4. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Cyanopsitta spixii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  5. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Pezoporus occidentalis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  6. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Pyrrhura griseipectus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  7. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Charmosyna toxopei". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  8. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Prioniturus verticalis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  9. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Ara glaucogularis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  10. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Strigops habroptila". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  11. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Hapalopsittaca fuertesi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  12. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Cyanoramphus cookii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  13. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Amazona imperialis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  14. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Aratinga brevipes". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  15. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Amazona vittata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  16. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Amazona versicolor". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  17. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Touit melanonotus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  18. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Forpus xanthops". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  19. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Cyanoramphus malherbi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  20. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Cacatua haematuropygia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  21. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Psittacula eques". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  22. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Vini stepheni". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  23. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Amazona guildingii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  24. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Guaruba guarouba". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  25. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Amazona rhodocorytha". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  26. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Touit stictopterus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  27. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Vini ultramarina". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  28. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Amazona vinacea". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  29. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Ara rubrogenys". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  30. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Ognorhynchus icterotis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  31. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Anodorhynchus leari". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  32. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Amazona arausiaca". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
  33. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Charmosyna palmarum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  34. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Aratinga solstitialis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  35. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Lathamus discolor". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  36. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Nestor meridionalis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  37. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Vini kuhlii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  38. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Cyanoramphus unicolor". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  39. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Bolborhynchus ferrugineifrons". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  40. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Vini peruviana". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  41. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Prioniturus platenae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
  42. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Tanygnathus lucionensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  43. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Primolius maracana". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-17. 
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