This is a list of
Puerto Rican literary figures, including poets, novelists, short story authors, and playwrights. It includes people who were born in Puerto Rico, people who are of Puerto Rican ancestry, and many long-term residents and/or immigrants who have made Puerto Rico their home, and who are recognized for their literary work. New entries must be placed in alphabetical order and follow the formatting for the list.
(1955–1984) Manuel Abreu Adorno [1 ]
(born 1960), poet, playwright, fiction writer Rafael Acevedo [1 ]
Educator and writer Alfredo M. Aguayo
Established the first laboratory of child psychology at the University of Havana [2 ]
, author, playwright, poet and translator. Jack Agüeros [3 ]
Dr. , poet, writer Miguel Algarín
Co-founder of the Nuyorican Poets Cafe. [4 ]
Dr. , poet and author Manuel A. Alonso
Considered by many to be the first Puerto Rican writer of notable importance. [5 ]
, writer and historian. Silvia Álvarez Curbelo [6 ]
, novelist Alba Ambert
Ambert in 1996, became the first Hispanic author to win the Carey McWilliams Award for Multicultural Literature, presented by the Multicultural Review, for her novel :A Perfect Silence”. [7 ]
, historian, journalist, social scientist, professor and writer. Pedro I. Aponte Vázquez [8 ] [9 ]
Author of ¡Yo Acuso! Tortura y Asesinato de Don Pedro Albizu Campos.; [10 ] Pedro Albizu Campos: Su persecución por el F.B.I.; [11 ] Crónica de un encubrimiento: Albizu Campos y el caso Rhoads.; [12 ] Locura por decreto: El papel de Luis Muñoz Marín y José Trías Monge en el diagnóstico de locura de don Pedro Albizu Campos.; [13 ] El ataque Nacionalista a La Fortaleza; [14 ] The Unsolved Case of Dr. Cornelius P. Rhoads: An Indictment.; [15 ] Transición [short stories]; [16 ] La hacienda; [17 ] “Necator Americanus: O sobre la fisiología del caso Rhoads” [18 ]
Dr. , historian, author Delma S. Arrigoitia
Arrigoitia was the first person in the University of Puerto Rico to earn a Masters Degree in the field of history. In 2010, her book, "Puerto Rico Por Encima de Todo: Vida y Obra de Antonio R. Barcelo, 1868–1938", was recognized among the best in the category of "research and criticism" and awarded a first place prize by the Ateneo Puertorriqueño. [19 ]
, writer, poet, and playwright Francisco Arriví
Arriví known as "The Father of the Puerto Rican Theater". [20 ]
, poet, playwright and scholar Rane Arroyo [21 ]
, novelist, author of autobiography Lefty (Manuel) Barreto Nobody's Hero (1977) [22 ]
, short-story writer, poet, professor, literary critic, and lawyer. Author of Janette Becerra Doce versiones de soledad, Elusiones, and Antrópolis.
, short-story writer, playwright, essayist, and lawyer Emilio S. Belaval [23 ]
, author Pura Belpré
First Puerto Rican librarian in New York City. [24 ]
, author Samuel Beniquez
Author of the autobiographical book entitled: Tu alto precio... Mi gran valor. [25 ]
, playwright María Bibiana Benítez
Benitez is one of Puerto Rico's "first" poetesses. [26 ]
, poet Alejandrina Benítez de Gautier
Benítez de Gautier's collaboration with the "Aguinaldo Puertorriqueño" (Collection of Puerto Rican Poetry) gave her recognition as a great poet. [27 ]
, writer and historian Tomás Blanco
Blanco was the author of "Prontuario Historico de Puerto Rico" and "El Prejuicio Racial en Puerto Rico" (Racial Prejudice in Puerto Rico). [28 ]
, Afro-Caribbean poet Juan Boria
Boria, also known as the Negro Verse Pharaoh, was a poet known for his Afro-Caribbean poetry. [29 ]
, Vanguard poet, Spanglish novelist, and performer of spoken word. Titles: " Giannina Braschi Yo-Yo Boing!", "Empire of Dreams", and " United States of Banana". [30 ] [31 ]
, One of the greatest poets to have been born in Puerto Rico; author of "Yo misma fui mi ruta" and "Poema Río Grande de Loíza". Julia de Burgos [32 ]
, fiction writer Pedro Cabiya [1 ]
, writer Mayra Calvani [33 ]
, writer/poet (Puerto Rican mother) Zenobia Camprubí
Camprubí was also the wife of Nobel Prize winning author Juan Ramón Jiménez. [34 ]
, essayist and poet. Nemesio Canales [28 ]
Labor activist Luisa Capetillo
Capetillo was one of Puerto Rico's most famous labor organizers. She was also a writer and an anarchist who fought for workers and women's rights. [35 ]
, poet and playwright Jaime Carrero [1 ] [22 ]
, novelist, author of N. Humberto Cintrón Frankie Christo (1972) [22 ]
, writer Jesús Colón
"Father of the Nuyorican Movement." [36 ]
(1896–1964), author of Joaquín Colón Pioneros puertorriqueños en Nueva York [37 ]
, poet, journalist and politician Manuel Corchado y Juarbe
Corchado y Juarbe defended the abolition of slavery and the establishment of a University in Puerto Rico. [38 ]
, poet Juan Antonio Corretjer
Corretjer was also a journalist and pro-independence political activist who opposed United States rule in Puerto Rico.. [39 ]
Zoé Corretjer Lloréns [40 ] [41 ]
, Reverend Nicky Cruz
Cruz has written two autobiographies, Run Baby Run , with Jamie Buckingham (1968), and Soul Obsession , with Frank Martin (2005). [42 ]
, journalist and author Isabel Cuchí Coll
Cuchi Coll was the granddaughter of Dr. Cayetano Coll y Toste and niece of José Coll y Cuchí. She served as Director of the "Sociedad de Autores Puertorriqueño [43 ]
, poet Anjelamaría Dávila [1 ]
Dr. , poet José Antonio Dávila
Dávila was a well-known poet during Puerto Rico's postmodern era of poetry.
, poet Virgilio Dávila
Dávila is considered by many to be one of Puerto Rico's greatest representatives of the modern literary era.. [44 ]
, novelist, journalist, New York State Assemblyman Nelson Antonio Denis
Denis published over 300 editorials as the Editorial Director of El Diario/La Prensa, and received the “Best Editorial Writing” award from the National Association of Hispanic Journalists. [45 ]
, writer Abelardo Díaz Alfaro [46 ]
Emilio Díaz Valcárcel [1 ]
"The Father of the Puerto Rican Independence Movement" José de Diego
De Diego was then elected to the House of Delegates, the only locally elected body of government allowed by the U.S., and which De Diego presided from 1904 to 1917 [47 ]
a.k.a. "La Bruja", poet Caridad de la Luz
She is also the writer/actor of "Boogie Rican Blvd". [48 ]
poet, author and visual artist. Elizam Escobar [49 ]
, Nuyorican poet Sandra María Esteves [50 ]
Dr. , author Héctor Feliciano
Feliciano's book "The Lost Museum: The Nazi Conspiracy to Steal the World's Greatest Works of Art" has shed a light on an estimated 20,000 looted works; each one is owned by a museum or a collector somewhere. [51 ]
, novelist, author of Carole Fernández Sleep of the Innocents (1991) [22 ]
, writer, educator and advocate of Puerto Rican independence. Isabel Freire de Matos [52 ]
Dr. , author of "The House on the Lagoon", "The Youngest Doll", and "Maldito Amor". Rosario Ferré [53 ]
, poet José Angel Figueroa [22 ]
, Nuyorican writer, poet Shaggy Flores
African Diaspora Scholar, Founder of Voices for the Voiceless. [54 ]
, poet and writer Félix Franco-Oppenheimer
His works include "Contornos", "Imagen y visión edénica de Puerto Rico", and "Antología poética". [55 ]
(born 1967), editor, poet and short story writer Ana María Fuster Lavin [56 ]
, playwright; works include those collected in Edward Gallardo Simpson Street and Other Plays [22 ]
, writer Magali García Ramis [57 ]
, poet José Gautier Benítez
Gautier Benítez is considered by many to be Puerto Rico's best poet of the Romantic Era. [44 ]
, award-winning journalist and photographer at the David Gonzalez New York Times. [58 ]
, writer José Luis González
One of the most prominent writers of the 20th century, particularly for his "El país de cuatro pisos" (1980). [59 ]
, Migene Gonzalez-Wippler new-age author, prominent Santería expert. [60 ]
, educator and writer in the field of atlethics Manuel González Pató [61 ]
, poet Victor Hernández Cruz
In 1969, Hernández Cruz became the first Hispanic to be published by a mainstream publishing house when Random House published his poem "Snaps". In 1981, [62 ] Life Magazine named him one of America's (US) greatest poets. [7 ]
a.k.a. "El Ciudadano de las Américas" (The Citizen of the Americas) Eugenio María de Hostos
educator, philosopher, intellectual, lawyer, sociologist, and independence advocate.
, playwright and author Quiara Alegría Hudes
She best known for writing the book for the Tony Award-winning musical In the Heights . [63 ]
, poet, lawyer, and judge José de Jesús Esteves [64 ]
, Adolfo Jiménez Benítez essayist, medievalist investigator [65 ]
Zoé Jiménez Corretjer [66 ]
Dr. , writer Lawrence La Fountain-Stokes
Author of "Uñas pintadas de azul/Blue Fingernails". [67 ]
, writer Enrique A. Laguerre
Laguerre was nominated for Nobel Prize in literature. [68 ]
(1960), writer Eduardo Lalo
Author of "Simone". [69 ]
(1965), poet, novelist, essayist, author of Elidio La Torre-Lagares Vicios de construcción (2008) [1 ]
, poet Tato Laviera
Author of "AmeRícan". [70 ]
, children's poet Georgina Lázaro [71 ]
, writer Muna Lee
Born in Mississippi, was the first wife of Luis Muñoz Marín. [72 ]
(born 1954), writer Aurora Levins Morales [73 ]
, writer Teresita A. Levy
Author of "The History of Tobacco Cultivation in Puerto Rico, 1898-1940". The book is a study of the tobacco-growing regions in the eastern and western highlands of Puerto Rico from 1898 to 1940. [74 ] [75 ]
(born 1964) José Liboy Erba (Pepe Liboy) [1 ]
(1934–2009), poet, philosopher, mathematician, author of José María Lima La sílaba en la piel (1982) [1 ] [76 ]
, poet Luis Lloréns Torres [44 ]
, journalist, writer, Washington Llorens linguist, and scholar. [61 ] [77 ]
, writer Luis López Nieves [78 ]
, novelist Ángel Lozada [79 ]
(born 1940), short-story writer Carmen Lugo Filippi [1 ]
Pedro A. Malavet, writer
Malavet wrote "America's Colony: The Political and Cultural Conflict between the United States and Puerto Rico" (Publisher: NYU Press. 2004. . ISBN 0814756808; ISBN 978-0814756805) [80 ]
, novelist, author of Manuel Manrique Island in Harlem (1966) [22 ]
, poet Hugo Margenat
Margenat was also the founder of the political youth pro-independence organizations "Acción Juventud Independentista" and "Federación de Universitarios Pro Independencia". [81 ]
, playwright René Marqués
Marqués wrote "La Carreta" (The Oxcart) which helped secure his reputation as a leading literary figure in Puerto Rico. [82 ]
(born 1937), physician, poet, novelist, author of poetry books Manuel Martínez Maldonado La voz sostenida and La novela del medio día and of the novel Isla Verde [83 ]
Jaime L. Marzán Ramos, author of Mercedes. [84 ]
, poet, novelist Nemir Matos-Cintrón [85 ]
, poet, critic, and essayist Francisco Matos Paoli
Matos Paoli was nominated for the Nobel Prize in literature in 1977. He was also a Secretary General of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party. [86 ]
(born 1952), poet Joserramón Melendes [1 ]
Dr. , poet, writer Concha Melendez [87 ]
, poet Jesús Papoleto Meléndez [22 ]
, writer Manuel Méndez Ballester [88 ]
Dr. , poet, playwright Nancy Mercado
Mercado is the author of "It Concerns the Madness," seven theatre plays, and a number of essays. Her work has been extensively anthologized. [89 ]
Rubén A. Moreira Vidal [90 ]
, politician and poet Luis Muñoz Marín
, writer Nicholasa Mohr
Her works, among which is the novel Nilda , tell of growing up in the Puerto Rican communities of the Bronx and El Barrio and of the difficulties Puerto Rican women face in the United States. [91 ] [92 ]
, poet, co-author of Rosario Morales Getting Home Alive (1986) [22 ]
, a.k.a. " Mercedes Negron Muñoz Clara Lair", poet
Negrón Muñoz was an influential poet whose work dealt with the everyday struggles of the common Puerto Rican. [93 ]
, poet, writer and essayist. Judith Ortiz Cofer [94 ]
, author Micol Ostow
Ostow wrote of "Mind Your Manners, Dick and Jane". Her novel, "Emily Goldberg Learns to Salsa", was named a New York Public Library Book for the Teen Age. [95 ] Dr.
a.k.a. "El Caribe" poet José Gualberto Padilla [96 ]
, poet of Afro-Caribbean themes; author of "Tuntún de pasa y grifería" and "Pueblo negro" Luis Palés Matos [97 ]
Dr. , writer and educator Antonio S. Pedreira
Pedreira's most important book was "Insularismo", in which he explores the meaning of being Puerto Rican. [98 ]
, short story writer, poet and essayist; author of "Página en blanco y staccato". Manuel Ramos Otero [102 ]
, poet Evaristo Ribera Chevremont [103 ]
(born 1958), poet, playwright, journalist Roberto Ramos Perea [104 ]
, poet Guillermo Rebollo-Gil [105 ]
, author Marie Teresa Ríos
Author of the novel "The Fifteenth Pelican," which was the basis for the popular 1960s television sitcom, ". The Flying Nun" [106 ]
, essayist Rubén Ríos Ávila [107 ]
, novelist, author of Edward Rivera Family Installments: Memories of Growing Up Hispanic (1983) [22 ] [108 ]
, playwright José Rivera
Rivera is the first Puerto Rican screenwriter to be nominated for an Oscar. [109 ]
, novelist, author of Oswaldo Rivera Fire and Rain (1990) [22 ]
, short story author; works include Abraham Rodríguez, Jr. Ashes to Ashes (1989), [22 ] Boy Without a Flag, Spidertown, The Buddha Book, South by South Bronx
, short story author; works include Leonardo Rodríguez They Have to Be Puerto Ricans (1988) [22 ]
, poet Lola Rodríguez de Tió
Rodríguez de Tió wrote lyrics to the revolutionary ". La Borinqueña"
, novelist, author of "The Renuciation" and "Cortijo's Wake" Edgardo Rodríguez Juliá [110 ]
, poet, musician, Author Of "When The City Sleeps" (2012) Bonafide Rojas [111 ]
, poet, civic leader and journalist. Francisco Rojas Tollinchi [112 ]
, novelist, author of Richard Ruíz The Hungry American (1978) [22 ]
, playwright, novelist Luis Rafael Sánchez [113 ]
, Former New York City police officer Joe Sánchez
Sánchez was a highly decorated former New York City police officer and author whose books give an insight as to the corruption within the department." [114 ]
Edgardo Sanabria Santaliz [1 ]
, author of the coming of age novel "When I Was Puerto Rican" Esmeralda Santiago [115 ]
is a Ruben Santiago-Hudson playwright and actor
Santiago-Hudson has won national awards for his work in both areas. [116 ]
, poet, novelist Mayra Santos-Febres [117 ]
, writer/novelist Pedro Juan Soto
Soto is the father of slain independence activist Carlos Soto Arriví. [118 ]
, poet and activist Clemente Soto Vélez [119 ]
, novelist, author of Clementina Souchet Clementina: Historia sin fin (1986) [22 ]
, writer and poet Alejandro Tapia y Rivera
"The Father of Puerto Rican Literature". [120 ]
, author of the best-seller Piri Thomas Down These Mean Streets. [121 ]
, " Edwin Torres Nuyorican Movement" poet [122 ]
Judge , writer Edwin Torres
New York Supreme Court Justice who wrote ". Carlito's Way" [123 ]
, poet, fiction writer, literary scholar and critic. J.L. Torres (Dr. Jose L. Torres-Padilla) Author of the novel, [124 ] The Accidental Native, and co-editor of first critical anthology of the literature of the Puerto Rican diaspora, Writing Off the Hyphen.
a Diego de Torres Vargas priest
was the first person to write a book about the history of Puerto Rico. [125 ]
Dr. , poet, scholar Luz María Umpierre [126 ]
, novelist Charlie Vázquez [127 ]
, poet, short story writer, novelist Lourdes Vázquez [128 ]
, author Robert Vazquez-Pacheco [67 ]
, Author of "Sé el Líder de tu Desarrollo Profesional" Angel L. Vega [129 ]
, short story author, essayist Ana Lydia Vega [130 ]
Bernardo Vega, novelist, author of The Memoirs of Bernardo Vega (1977, English ed. 1984) [22 ]
or Edgardo Vega Yunqué Ed Vega, novelist [131 ]
, author and literary agent Irene Vilar
Vilar is the granddaughter of independence activist . Lolita Lebrón [132 ]
(Puerto Rican mother), William Carlos Williams Modernist poet [133 ]
(Puerto Rican father), poet and novelist Emanuel Xavier [67 ]
(born 1936), author, scholar, poet Iris Zavala [134 ]
Dr. , writer Manuel Zeno Gandia
Zeno Gandia wrote "La Charca", the first Puerto Rican novel. [135 ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
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External references [ edit ]
Acosta-Belén, Edna. "Puerto Rican Literature in the United States," in
Redefining American Literary History, Ed. A. LaVonne Brown Ruoff and Jerry W. Ward, MLA, 1990. Aldama, Frederick.
Routledge Concise History of Latino/a Literature, featuring Puerto Rican authors Miguel Algarín, Giannina Braschi, Pedro Pietri, Miguel Piñero, Esmeralda Santiago, Piri Thomas, et al., Routledge, 2013.
. Bibliografía de escritores puertorriqueños de la Generación Ochenta (Generation of the 80's) Cancel, Mario R.
Literatura y narrativa puertorriqueña: la escritura entre siglos. San Juan: Pasadizo, 2007. Callahan, Laura.
Spanish/English Codeswitching in a Written Corpus. John Benjamins Publishing, 2004. Castillo, Debra.
Redreaming America: Toward a Bilingual American Culture. On Ana Lydia Vega and Giannina Braschi. SUNY Series in Latin American and Iberian Thought and Culture, 2005. López Baralt, Mercedes.
Literatura Puertorriqueña del Siglo XX: Antología. San Juan: EDUPR, 2004. Martínez Márquez, Alberto, and Mario Cancel.
El límite volcado. Antología de la Generación de Poetas de los Ochenta. San Juan: Isla Negra, 2000. Milligan, Bryce,
Floricanto Sí!: A Collection of Latina Poetry. Penguin, 1998. Moreira, Rubén Alejandro.
Antología de la poesía puertorriqueña. Vol. I Romanticismo; Vol.II Modernismo y Postmodernismo; Vol. III Contemporánea; Vol. IV Contemporánea. San Juan: Tríptico, 1992-1993. Ortega, Julio.
Antología de la poesía latinoamericana del siglo XXI: el turno y la transición. México: Editorial Siglo XXI, 1997. Torres, Lourdes. "In the Contact Zone: Code-Switching Strategies by Latino/a Writers", JUSTOR, 2007.
Stanchich, Maritza. "Insular Interventions: Diasporic Puerto Rican Literature Bilanguaging toward a Greater Puerto Rico." Ph.D. diss, University of California, Santa Cruz, 2003.
Torres-Padilla, José L. and Carmen Haydée Rivera.
Writing Off the Hyphen: New Critical Perspectives on the Literature of the Puerto Rican Diaspora. University of Washington Press, 2008. Williams, Raymond L.
The Columbia Guide to the Latin American Novel Since 1945. Featuring Puerto Rican novelists Giannina Braschi, Edgardo Rodríguez Juliá, Luis Rafael Sanchez, and Esmeralda Santiago. New york: Columbia University Press, 2007. Zimmerman, Marc.
U.S. Latino Literature: An Essay and Annotated Bibliography. MARCH/Abrazo, 1992.