Ling Weifeng (traditional Chinese: 凌未風; simplified Chinese: 凌未风; pinyin: Líng Wèifēng), nicknamed "Holy Light of Mount Heaven" (Chinese: 天山神芒; pinyin: Tiānshān Shén Máng) after his famous anqi (projectile weapon), was previously known as Liang Mulang (Chinese: 梁穆郎; pinyin: Liáng Mùláng). Years ago, he was tricked into revealing the identities of the anti-Qing rebels. He attempted suicide in guilt after being slapped and accused by Liu Yufang, whom he had a crush on, but refrained from doing so upon encountering a dying Yang Yuncong. He follows Yang's instructions and brings the latter's orphaned daughter to Reverend Huiming. He becomes Huiming's third student and becomes as a formidable swordsman after training for 18 years. However, he has a strong tendency to suffer from seizures when exposed to cold weather. This becomes his fatal weakness, as he experiences a sudden fit during a fight with Chu Zhaonan when he is just about to slay his opponent. Chu turns the tables on him and captures him, imprisoning him in a labyrinth in Tibet. Chu Zhaonan also cuts off his right thumb, preventing him from using a sword again. Ling survives his ordeal and continues his heroic quest as a Mount Heaven swordsman dedicated to upholding justice and helping the poor and oppressed.
Yilan Zhu (traditional Chinese: 易蘭珠; simplified Chinese: 易兰珠; pinyin: Yìlán Zhū) is Yang Yuncong and Nalan Minghui's daughter. She was brought to Mount Heaven by Ling Weifeng, and raised and tutored in martial arts by him and Reverend Huiming. She assassinates Prince Dodo to avenge her father, but is captured and imprisoned. She becomes Zhang Huazhao's love interest and marries him eventually.
Chu Zhaonan (Chinese: 楚昭南; pinyin: Chǔ Zhāonán) is Reverend Huiming's second student, who inherited the Soaring Dragon Sword (游龍劍) from his master. He succumbs to temptations of fame and glory, and becomes a servant of Wu Sangui. He betrays Wu later and defects to serve the Kangxi Emperor, who appoints him as an imperial guard commander. He is defeated by Yilan Zhu in the final battle in the Tibetan labyrinth and sustains serious injuries, including the loss of his left arm. He chooses to commit suicide to avoid humiliation.
Yang Yuncong (traditional Chinese: 楊雲驄; simplified Chinese: 杨云骢; pinyin: Yáng Yúncōng) is Reverend Huiming's eldest student, who inherited the Jade Breaking Sword (斷玉劍) from his master. He has a secret affair with Nalan Minghui, who bore him a daughter. However, he cannot be together with Nalan as she is forced to marry Prince Dodo. He is severely injured by Dodo's henchman Niuhuru and dies from his wounds after killing his foe. He entrusts his infant daughter to Ling Weifeng before his death.
Gui Zhongming (Chinese: 桂仲明; pinyin: Guī Zhòngmíng) is Shi Tiancheng's son. He was adopted by Gui Tianlan and takes on his stepfather's surname. He is drawn into the conflict between his father and stepfather, and goes berserk after thinking that he had killed his father in rage. He loses memory of his past and starts sleepwalking, during which he attacks people unknowingly. He meets Mao Wanlian and Fu Qingzhu, who help to cure him of his mental illness and reunite him with his family. He falls in love with Mao Wanlian and becomes extremely protective of her. Despite his formidable prowess in swordplay and anqi, he is reckless, nonchalant, easily agitated, and bereft of social etiquette. He becomes the founder of the northern branch of the Wudang Sect.
Gui Tianlan (traditional Chinese: 桂天瀾; simplified Chinese: 桂天澜; pinyin: Guī Tiānlán) is Ye Yunsun's eldest student. He brings Shi Tiancheng's family with him to join Zhang Xianzhong's forces, and settles at Jiange after Sichuan falls to Qing forces. Believing that Shi Tiancheng had died, he marries Shi's wife and adopts Shi's children. He is killed in a fight against Shi Tiancheng and four imperial guards.
Shi Daniang (Chinese: 石大娘; pinyin: Shí Dàniáng) is Ye Yunsun's daughter. She marries Shi Tiancheng and bears him Zhongming and Zhujun. After her husband's apparent death, she marries Gui Tianlan, who helps to take care of her and her children. She and Gui Tianlan maintain a sibling-like relationship even though they are a married couple in name. She is versed in the 'Five Birds Swordplay' (五禽劍法) and she imparts this skill to her son.
Shi Zhujun (Chinese: 石竹君; pinyin: Shí Zhújūn) is Gui Zhongming's younger sister.
Fu Qingzhu (Chinese: 傅青主; pinyin: Fù Qīngzhǔ) is an eccentric master swordsman and physician from the Zhongnan Sect (終南派). He is renowned for his mastery of the 'Wuji Swordplay' (無極劍法).
Mao Wanlian (traditional Chinese: 冒浣蓮; simplified Chinese: 冒浣莲; pinyin: Mào Wǎnlián) is Mao Pijiang and Dong Xiaowan's daughter. She was raised and tutored in martial arts by Fu Qingzhu. She meets Gui Zhongming, who was suffering from hallucinations then, and helps him recover from his mental illness and reunite him with his family. Gui falls in love with her and becomes extremely protective of her. Just like her parents, she is talented in poetry and literary arts. She develops a close relationship with Nalan Rongruo because of their common interest. She marries Gui Zhongming eventually.
Lian Nichang, also called Lian Nishang (traditional Chinese: 練霓裳; simplified Chinese: 练霓裳; pinyin: Liàn Nícháng / Liàn Nísháng), nicknamed "White Haired Demoness" (traditional Chinese: 白髮魔女; simplified Chinese: 白发魔女; pinyin: Báifà Mónǚ), is the protagonist in Baifa Monü Zhuan and Zhuo Yihang's lover. She was heartbroken after she wrongly believed that Zhuo had betrayed her love, and her hair turned white overnight. She died at the age of 100, and her corpse is last seen lying beside Zhuo's shrunken remains.
Hamaya (traditional Chinese: 哈瑪雅; simplified Chinese: 哈玛雅; pinyin: Hāmáyǎ), nicknamed "Flying Red Sash" (traditional Chinese: 飛紅巾; simplified Chinese: 飞红巾; pinyin: Fēihóngjīn), is Lian Nichang's apprentice and the love rival of Nalan Minghui in Saiwai Qixia Zhuan. Her hair turned white overnight after Yang Yuncong rejected her. She resolves her rivalry with Nalan and saves Yilan Zhu from death. She transfers her love for Yang Yuncong to Yilan Zhu and treats the latter like a daughter. At the end of the novel, she returns to her former position as chief of the tribal people in northwestern China.
Wu Qiongyao (traditional Chinese: 武瓊瑤; simplified Chinese: 武琼瑶; pinyin: Wǔ Qíongyáo) is Wu Yuanying's daughter. By chance, she encounters Lian Nichang, who likes her and accepts her as an apprentice. Despite learning martial arts for only three years under Lian's tutelage, she emerges as a powerful swordswoman. She marries Li Siyong eventually and bears him a son and a daughter. She settles on Mount Heaven with her children after her husband's death.
Xin Longzi (traditional Chinese: 辛龍子; simplified Chinese: 辛龙子; pinyin: Xīn Lóngzǐ) is Zhuo Yihang's first apprentice. Even though he started learning from Zhuo before Shi Tiancheng, he is younger than Shi, so his master wanted him to address Shi as his senior. While in Tibet, he once saw Han Zhibang practising martial arts from the Yijin Jing, and immediately realised that the manual contained the missing moves to his master's 'Bodhidharma Swordplay' (達摩劍法). He seizes the manual from Han through trickery and masters the skills in it, becoming even more powerful than before. He desires to have a precious sword of his own and is tricked by Chu Zhaonan into helping the villains. Chu attempts to kill him to seize the Yijin Jing but he is saved by Ling Weifeng and survives. He is turned back to the path of goodness by Ling and decides to follow his benefactor. He engages Qi Zhenjun in a prolonged duel and inflicts a killing blow on Qi after the latter is severely injured by Shi Tiancheng. However, he suffers from over-exhaustion and dies shortly after the fight.
Shi Tiancheng (Chinese: 石天成; pinyin: Shí Tiānchéng) is Gui Tianlan's junior. He left to fetch his relatives during the Qing invasion of Sichuan and entrusted his family to Gui Tianlan's care. He was thought to be dead, so Gui Tianlan married his wife and adopted his children. When he returns later, he feels that Gui Tianlan had betrayed him by taking away his family from him. He is accepted by Zhuo Yihang as an apprentice, despite already having a background in other forms of martial arts. He returns to confront Gui Tianlan later and causes the latter to die. He regrets upon learning the truth from his wife after Gui's death. He promises that the firstborn child of his son shall bear Gui's surname, as a form of "compensation" to his late senior. He helps Xin Longzi in the fight against Qi Zhenjun, managing to inflict severe wounds on Qi. However, he is also mortally wounded and dies from his injuries later.
Zhuo Yihang (Chinese: 卓一航; pinyin: Zhuó Yīháng) is Lian Nichang's lover and was Wudang's leader in Baifa Monü Zhuan. He is already dead when the events in Qijian Xia Tianshan take place. He finally obtained the flowers that can turn his lover's white hair black again, but did not live to pass them to her personally. Before his death, he told Xin Longzi to use chemical means to reduce the size of his body in order to prevent his enemies from identifying and destroying his remains. His shrunken skeleton is last seen lying beside Lian Nichang's dead body.
Xuanzhen (traditional Chinese: 玄貞; simplified Chinese: 玄贞; pinyin: Xuánzhēn) is Taoist Huangye's student and the current leader of Wudang. He encounters Wu Qiongyao and duels with her when she teases him about his skills. He is unable to defeat Wu and feels angry and ashamed. At the end of the novel, he gives up his position as leader of Wudang to Gui Zhongming after seeing that Gui had mastered their sect's long-lost 'Bodhidharma Swordplay'.
Han Zhibang (traditional Chinese: 韓志邦; simplified Chinese: 韩志邦; pinyin: Hán Zhìbāng), initially a stable keeper, is the chief of the Heaven and Earth Society, an anti-Qing secret society. He passes his position as chief to Liu Yufang later. He has a secret crush on Liu, but does not dare to admit it and decides to leave after seeing that she has affections for Ling Weifeng. He finds the Yijin Jing and masters an incomplete set of the skills, which temporarily boosts his prowess in martial arts. He helps the Tibetan lamas retrieve the stolen śarīras and earns their respect in return. He uses his close relations with the Tibetans to help the rebels on a few occasions. He encounters a dying Xin Longzi later and obliges to Xin's final request to join the Wudang Sect. He takes back the Yijin Jing and passes his knowledge of the 'Bodhidharma Swordplay' to Gui Zhongming later. He willingly sacrifices himself to save Ling Weifeng by secretly switching places with Ling when the latter is imprisoned in a Tibetan labyrinth. He attempts to ambush Chu Zhaonan when the latter comes to check on Ling, but is no match for Chu and is slain by Chu.
Liu Yufang (traditional Chinese: 劉郁芳; simplified Chinese: 刘郁芳; pinyin: Líu Yùfāng), nicknamed "Brocade Cloud Sword" (traditional Chinese: 雲錦劍; simplified Chinese: 云锦剑; pinyin: Yún Jǐn Jiàn), is Liu Jingyi's daughter. She leads the rebels to resist Prince Dodo's forces in Hangzhou. She succeeds Han Zhibang as leader of the Heaven and Earth Society later. She becomes a "Friend of Mount Heaven" (an ally of the Seven Swords) at the end of the novel.
Zhang Huazhao (traditional Chinese: 張華昭; simplified Chinese: 张华昭; pinyin: Zhāng Huázhāo) is Zhang Huangyan's son. He attempts to assassinate Prince Dodo on Mount Wutai but fails due to Yilan Zhu's untimely interruption. He falls in love with Yilan Zhu and goes through troubles to save her from death. In addition to his reunion with Yilan Zhu after she is rescued by Hamaya, he also learns a set of qinggong techniques from Lian Nichang. He marries Yilan Zhu at the end of the novel, and also joins the Wudang Sect as Gui Zhongming's junior, becoming a master in the 'Bodhidharma Swordplay'.
Qi Zhenjun (traditional Chinese: 齊真君; simplified Chinese: 齐真君; pinyin: Qí Zhēnjūn; literally "True Lord Qi") is the founder of the Mount Changbai Sect (長白山派). In his younger days, he challenged Reverend Huiming to a duel but was refused by the latter, causing him to have a false impression that he was better than Huiming. He encountered Lian Nichang later and was defeated by her and driven away. He spent 50 years improving his skills in the Changbai Mountains and becomes a formidable swordsman. He returns to assist the Qing government in dealing with the rebels. He is severely injured by Shi Tiancheng in a fight and is eventually slain by Xin Longzi.
Qiu Dongluo (traditional Chinese: 邱東洛; simplified Chinese: 邱东洛; pinyin: Qīu Dōngluò) is Niuhuru's junior. He wields a pair of blades in combat and uses a variety of combination attacks to confuse his opponents. He takes on a fake Han Chinese identity to gather news in the jianghu. He is responsible for disfiguring Ling Weifeng when the latter was bringing the baby Yilan Zhu to Mount Heaven. He encounters Ling again several years later and had his ears sliced off by Ling for revenge. He is killed by Yilan Zhu in a later fight.
Niuhuru (traditional Chinese: 紐祜盧; simplified Chinese: 纽祜卢; pinyin: Nǐuhùlú) is a Manchu martial artist and a student of Qi Zhenjun. He is slain by Yang Yuncong in a fight but manages to injure Yang mortally before dying.
Liu Xiyan (Chinese: 柳西岩; pinyin: Lǐu Xīyán) is one of Qi Zhenjun's disciples. He follows his teacher and Qiu Dongluo to help the Qing government fight the rebels.
The Kangxi Emperor (Chinese: 康熙皇帝; pinyin: Kāngxī Huángdì) is the Shunzhi Emperor's son and the current ruler of the Qing Empire. He orders Yan Zhongtian to murder his father and then tries to poison Yan to silence the latter.
The Third Princess (Chinese: 三公主; pinyin: Sān Gōngzhǔ), whose name is not mentioned, is the Shunzhi Emperor's third daughter and a sister of the Kangxi Emperor. She often sneaks out to find Nalan Rongruo to escape the boredom of living in the palace. Once, Nalan Rongruo requested a special medicine from her to heal an injured Zhang Huazhao, and she insisted on meeting Nalan's new guest. She becomes attracted to Zhang and develops a crush on him. She decides to sacrifice herself to help Zhang rescue Yilan Zhu, because she knows Zhang truly loves Yilan Zhu. She commits suicide after stealing a special imperial seal from the Kangxi Emperor that can authorise Yilan Zhu's release from prison.
Dodo (traditional Chinese: 多鐸; simplified Chinese: 多铎; pinyin: Duōduò) is a Manchu prince who is also the governor of Jiangnan and Jiangxi. He is versed in military strategy and martial arts. He loves Nalan Minghui even though he is aware that she is unhappy about their forced marriage. He is assassinated by Yilan Zhu, and dies in his wife's arms.
Nalan Minghui (traditional Chinese: 納蘭明慧; simplified Chinese: 纳兰明慧; pinyin: Nàlán Mínghuì) is Nalan Xiuji's daughter. She is talented in both literary and martial arts. She had a secret affair with Yang Yuncong and bore him a daughter, but is forced to marry Prince Dodo. She treats Dodo indifferently after their marriage but still respects him as her husband. When Yilan Zhu returns to take revenge on Dodo, she tries to stop both sides from harming each other but fails. When Yilan Zhu is imprisoned for murdering Prince Dodo, she tries to save her daughter but is unable to do so and commits suicide.
Nalan Xingde (traditional Chinese: 納蘭性德; simplified Chinese: 纳兰性德; pinyin: Nàlán Xìngdé), referred to as Nalan Rongruo (traditional Chinese: 納蘭容若; simplified Chinese: 纳兰容若; pinyin: Nàlán Róngruò) in the novel, is Yilan Zhu's cousin. He is talented in literary arts. His reputation as a renowned scholar and poet earns him the favour of the Kangxi Emperor. He has a strong disdain for bloodshed and conflict, and constantly hopes that everyone in the Qing Empire can live in harmony. He secretly helps the rebels on numerous occasions.
Nalan Mingzhu (traditional Chinese: 納蘭明珠; simplified Chinese: 纳兰明珠; pinyin: Nàlán Míngzhū) is Nalan Rongruo's father. He pretends to be a patron of literary arts by hiring people to help him write poems and pieces of literature, so that he can win the favour of the Kangxi Emperor, who likes intellectuals and literati. His son, in contrast with him, is the one who truly appreciates the arts.
Yunti (Chinese: 允禵; pinyin: Yǔntí) is the Kangxi Emperor's 14th son. He leads the Qing army to conquer Tibet and capture the Dalai Lama.
Geji, Prince Cheng (traditional Chinese: 成親王格濟; simplified Chinese: 成亲王格济; pinyin: Chéng Qīnwáng Géjì) is a Manchu noble in command of the Qing army attacking northwestern China. He is versed in military strategy but is not good in martial arts.
Zhang Chengbin (traditional Chinese: 張承斌; simplified Chinese: 张承斌; pinyin: Zhāng Chéngbīn) is the second-in-command of the imperial guards (禁衛軍). Prince Dodo orders him to lead 3,000 men on a manhunt for the rebels, and he arrives at the Wu Family Manor. He is ordered to retreat by Yan Zhongtian, who is superior in rank to him.
Hu Tianzhu (Chinese: 胡天柱; pinyin: Hú Tiānzhù) is an imperial guard commander ranking below Chu Zhaonan and Zhang Chengbin. He follows Chu Zhaonan to capture Gui Zhongming and the rebels hiding in Nalan Rongruo's house. He is defeated by Meng Wuwei and knocked into a ditch.
Gu Yuanliang (Chinese: 古元亮; pinyin: Gǔ Yuánliàng) is an imperial guard from Henan who specialises in dianxue techniques. He follows Chu Zhaonan to seize the śarīras.
Jiao Ba (Chinese: 焦霸; pinyin: Jiāo Bà) is a former bandit nicknamed "Eight Armed Nezha" (Chinese: 八臂哪吒; pinyin: Bā Bì Nézhā). He and three other guards are sent to hunt down and kill Gui Tianlan. He is killed by Shi Tiancheng, who grabs him and they fall off a cliff together.
Wang Gang (traditional Chinese: 王剛; simplified Chinese: 王刚; pinyin: Wáng Gāng) specialises in 'Vajra Sanshou' (金剛散手). He wants to become chief of the imperial guards but is disappointed when Chu Zhaonan takes the position. He intends to defeat and capture Ling Weifeng to prove his ability but fails. After his defeat, he grabs Mao Wanlian and holds her hostage, but Ling Weifeng saves Mao and kills him with his anqi.
Shen Tianbao (Chinese: 申天豹; pinyin: Shēn Tiānbào) and his brother Shen Tianhu (Chinese: 申天虎; pinyin: Shēn Tiānhǔ) are students of Hong Sibazi (Chinese: 洪四把子; pinyin: Hóng Sìbǎzǐ), a martial arts master from Cangzhou. They are skilled in the 'Wugou Swordplay' (吳鉤劍法). They are slain by Ling Weifeng in a duel.
Diao Sifu (Chinese: 刁四福) is an imperial guard serving under Chu Zhaonan. He is good in qinggong and slightly better than Han Zhibang in martial arts.
Cheng Tianting (Chinese: 成天挺; pinyin: Chéng Tiāntíng) is a palace guard (大內侍衛) commander nicknamed "Iron Brush Judge" (traditional Chinese: 鐵筆判官; simplified Chinese: 铁笔判官; pinyin: Tié Bǐ Pàn Guān). He specialises in dianxue techniques and uses a pair of ink brushes in combat. He is almost on par with Chu Zhaonan in terms of martial arts. At the end of the novel, he is caught off guard and immobilised by Han Zhibang while watching over the captured Ling Weifeng. He is defeated and slain by the combined efforts of Yilan Zhu and Liu Yufang.
Yan Zhongtian (traditional Chinese: 閻中天; simplified Chinese: 阎中天; pinyin: Yán Zhōngtiān) is a trusted bodyguard of the Kangxi Emperor. He discovers that the Shunzhi Emperor is still alive and has become a monk. Kangxi forces him to murder Shunzhi and attempts to poison him to death later to silence him. He is saved by Ling Weifeng and given medical treatment by Fu Qingzhu. He sacrifices himself to help the rebels by ordering Zhang Chengbin and his men to retreat, but dies from poisoning as his healing process was interrupted.
Hong Tao (traditional Chinese: 洪濤; simplified Chinese: 洪涛; pinyin: Hóng Tāo) and Jiao Zhi (Chinese: 焦直; pinyin: Jiāo Zhí) are guards from the residence of the governor-general of Sichuan and Shaanxi. They lead Wang Gang and the Shen brothers to Gui Tianlan's house. They are slain by Gui Zhongming in a duel.
Zhou Qing (Chinese: 周青; pinyin: Zhōu Qīng) is one of the guards watching over Ling Weifeng when the latter is imprisoned in a Tibetan labyrinth. His grandfather served Dorgon during the Shunzhi Emperor's reign and was killed after helping his master complete a secret mission. Ling Weifeng's kindness leads him to understand true friendship and loyalty. He is impressed with Ling and befriends him, secretly agreeing to help the latter escape.
Ma Fang (traditional Chinese: 馬方; simplified Chinese: 马方; pinyin: Mǎ Fāng) is Zhou Qing's colleague. He is a native of northwestern China and was recommended by Shang Yunting to serve the Qing government. He is ashamed of himself when Ling Weifeng tells him about how Qing soldiers invaded his homeland and mistreated his people. Like many others, he becomes impressed with Ling and decides to help the latter escape.
Li Siyong (Chinese: 李思永; pinyin: Lǐ Sīyǒng) is Li Laiheng's younger brother. He is versed in both military and literary arts, and specialises in using anqi. He is sent as an envoy to discuss a truce and temporary alliance with Wu Sangui. He marries Wu Qiongyao, whom he met and fell in love with. At the end of the novel, he is killed in action in western Sichuan.
Li Laiheng (traditional Chinese: 李來亨; simplified Chinese: 李来亨; pinyin: Lǐ Láihēng) is Li Jin's foster son. He escapes to Yunnan with Li Zicheng's remnant forces and forms an insurgent army to resist the Qing Empire. He commits suicide after his army is defeated and besieged by Qing forces.
These bandits initially plotted with Han Jing to rob Li Dingguo's treasure. They are impressed with Ling Weifeng's heroism and skills after losing to him in a contest, and agree to submit to him. Ling recommends them to join Li Laiheng's rebel army later.
Li Dingguo (traditional Chinese: 李定國; simplified Chinese: 李定国; pinyin: Lǐ Dìngguó) was a former deputy of Zhang Xianzhong. He took control of Sichuan after Zhang's death and resisted the Qing invaders until his death. He left behind a treasure hoard for future generations to continue his legacy. The treasure comprises 18 giant statues of himself, all made of gold. He also left behind a precious Soaring Dragon Sword (騰蛟劍), which once belonged to Xiong Tingbi. The sword becomes Gui Zhongming's weapon.
Han Jing (traditional Chinese: 韓荊; simplified Chinese: 韩荆; pinyin: Hán Jīng) is a former subordinate of Li Dingguo. He is a hunchback, and specialises in the 'Heavenly Demon Staff Skill' (天魔杖法). He loses to Ling Weifeng in a contest of inner energy and pledges allegiance to Ling later. Ling suggests to him to bring his fellows to join Li Laiheng's rebel army.
He Wanfang (traditional Chinese: 賀萬方; simplified Chinese: 贺万方; pinyin: Hè Wànfāng) is a craftsman who worked with Gui Tianlan on constructing the traps in the treasure cave. He leads Han Jing and company into the cave to rob the treasure. He follows the others to join Li Laiheng later.
Meng Wuwei (Chinese: 孟武威; pinyin: Mèng Wǔwēi) is the master of the Wuwei Escort Agency (武威鏢局). He has a strong reputation in the jianghu and most bandits would usually avoid robbing his convoys. He uses a tobacco pipe to blow smoke patterns whenever his men are escorting a convoy, so as to alert potential robbers to his presence. He also uses the pipe as a dianxue weapon. He and his son appear to help the protagonists fight Chu Zhaonan and some imperial guards at one point.
Meng Jian (traditional Chinese: 孟堅; simplified Chinese: 孟坚; pinyin: Mèng Jiān) is Meng Wuwei's son. He is tasked with escorting a group of maidens to Nalan Mingzhu's residence, with the Lu brothers assisting him. He runs into the Three Devils, who attempt to seize the maidens from him. He is no match for them and manages to survive when Gui Zhongming and Mao Wanlian appear to help him.
The Red Robed Lama (traditional Chinese: 紅衣喇嘛; simplified Chinese: 红衣喇嘛; pinyin: Hóngyī Lǎmā), whose name is not mentioned, is sent by the Dalai Lama to follow Chu Zhaonan to meet Wu Sangui and affirm their alliance. He discovers that Chu is planning to betray Wu. Chu attempts to kill him to silence him. He is saved by Ling Weifeng and brings news of Wu Sangui's rebellion to the Southern Ming rebels. He is killed by Chu Zhaonan during the battle in the Tibetan labyrinth near the end of the novel.
Zongda Wanzhen (traditional Chinese: 宗達完真; simplified Chinese: 宗达完真; pinyin: Zōngdá Wánzhēn) is one of the lamas escorting the śarīras. He is installed as the Dalai Lama by Yunti when Qing forces occupied Tibet. He agrees to help Han Zhibang save Ling Weifeng from prison and is so impressed with Han's sacrifice that he called Han a tulku.
Tianxiong Shangren (Chinese: 天雄上人; pinyin: Tiānxíong Shàngrén) is another of Tianlong Shangren's juniors. He and Qi Zhenjun appear at the tribal chiefs' meeting to help Menglu intimidate the chiefs into submitting to the Qing government. He is defeated by Xin Longzi in a fight.
Yishida (traditional Chinese: 伊士達; simplified Chinese: 伊士达; pinyin: Yīshìdá) is a close friend of Yang Yuncong in Saiwai Qixia Zhuan. He attempts to stop Menglu from persuading the tribal people to surrender to the Qing government. Menglu attacks him and he dies from his injuries later. He passes the guardian sword of the Heaven Dragon Sect (previously obtained by Yang Yuncong) to Ling Weifeng, who passes it to Xin Longzi later.
Menglu (traditional Chinese: 孟祿; simplified Chinese: 孟禄; pinyin: Mènglù) is the chief of the Kada'er (喀達爾) tribe. In Saiwai Qixia Zhuan, he once accused Yang Yuncong of being a spy when Yang started a romance with Nalan Minghui. He allies with the Qing government and attempts to persuade the tribes in Xinjiang to submit to Qing. His plan is disrupted by his daughter and Hukeji.
Mengmanlisi (traditional Chinese: 孟曼麗絲; simplified Chinese: 孟曼丽丝; pinyin: Mèngmànlìsī) is Menglu's daughter. She is aware that her father is betraying their people's trust by helping the Qing government. She disrupts his plan with the help of Hukeji, who is in love with her.
Hukeji (traditional Chinese: 呼克濟; simplified Chinese: 呼克济; pinyin: Hūkèjì) is the young chief of the Kazakh tribe. With help from Ling Weifeng and Xin Longzi, he succeeds in stopping Menglu from persuading the people to submit to the Qing government.
Ge Zhonglong (traditional Chinese: 葛中龍; simplified Chinese: 葛中龙; pinyin: Gě Zhōnglóng) was a deceased martial artist from Yunnan. He taught each of his five students one of his five martial arts specialties. The five students later founded the Five Dragons Gang (五龍幫).
Zhang Tianmeng (traditional Chinese: 張天蒙; simplified Chinese: 张天蒙; pinyin: Zhāng Tiānméng) is Wu Sangui's subordinate. He steals the śarīras when Chu Zhaonan attempts to rob them from him. He is injured by Ling Weifeng and recuperates in a cave after escaping. He encounters Han Zhibang and is killed by Han in the ensuing fight.
Fan Zheng (traditional Chinese: 范錚; simplified Chinese: 范铮; pinyin: Fàn Zhēng) is one of the three best warriors serving under Wu Sangui (the other two are Chu Zhaonan and Zhang Tianmeng). He is skilled in using the 'Sky Touching Swordplay' (摩雲劍). He is defeated by a bare-handed Ling Weifeng in a duel.
Bao Zhu (Chinese: 保柱; pinyin: Bǎo Zhù) is a general serving under Wu Sangui.
Shang Yunting (traditional Chinese: 尚雲亭; simplified Chinese: 尚云亭; pinyin: Shàng Yúntíng) is the leader of the Iron Fan Sect (鐵扇幫). He was initially reluctant to accept Hao Feifeng as his student, but fell for the latter's feminine charms and eventually agreed. He is defeated by Meng Wuwei and Shi Zhenfei, and driven away from Jiangnan. He arrives in northwestern China and allies with Chu Zhaonan to counter the rebels, injuring Wu Yuanying in an unprovoked attack. He is defeated and captured by Fu Qingzhu and commits suicide in humiliation.
Hao Feifeng (traditional Chinese: 郝飛鳳; simplified Chinese: 郝飞凤; pinyin: Hǎo Fēifèng) is a jianghu lowlife and bandit. He behaves in a feminine manner and is seen as a transsexual by his contemporaries. He and his companions attempt to seize the women escorted by Meng Jian. He uses an iron fan in combat. He follows his teacher to Xinjiang after their defeat by Meng Wuwei and Shi Zhenfei. He is captured after attempting to attack the Wu family, and is slain by Wu Qiongyao.
The "Three Sang Devils" (Chinese: 桑家三妖; pinyin: Sāng Jiā Sān Yāo) are three villains who used to terrorise the Mount Heaven region, but were defeated and driven away by Lian Nichang. They return to Mount Heaven to seek vengeance several years later. They are defeated and slain by Ling Weifeng eventually. The three are:
Mao Xiang (Chinese: 冒襄; pinyin: Mào Xiāng) is referred to as "Mao Pijiang" (Chinese: 冒辟疆; pinyin: Mào Pìjiāng) in the novel. He was a famous scholar and patron of the arts, and a close friend of Fu Qingzhu. He died from anguish and frustration after losing his wife.
Dong Xiaowan (Chinese: 董小宛; pinyin: Dǒng Xiáowǎn) was a courtesan who married Mao Xiang because of their common interest in the arts. She was forcefully separated from her husband and brought to the palace to be the Shunzhi Emperor's concubine. Shunzhi treated her well but the nobles despised her because she was a Han Chinese. She was killed on the empress dowager's orders.
Wu Meicun (traditional Chinese: 吳梅村; simplified Chinese: 吴梅村; pinyin: Wú Méicūn) was a poet and scholar favoured by the Shunzhi Emperor. He was secretly murdered on the Kangxi Emperor's orders after writing a poem hinting that Shunzhi is still alive on Mount Wutai.
Gu Liangfen (traditional Chinese: 顧梁汾; simplified Chinese: 顾梁汾; pinyin: Gù Liángfén) was a close friend of Nalan Rongruo. When Wu Hancha was sent into exile, he wrote the Jinlüqu (金縷曲) to Nalan Rongruo, hinting that he needed Nalan's help to save Wu. Mao Wanlian sang the song to Nalan Rongruo when she needed his help in saving Ling Weifeng from Chu Zhaonan's clutches.