List of Quaker businesses, organizations and charities
This is a list of notable businesses, organizations or charities originally founded by Quakers. Many of these are no longer managed or influenced by Quakers. At the end of the article are businesses that have never had any connection to Quakers, but some people may believe that they did or still do.
Businesses, organizations or charities with Quaker origins
- Allen & Hanburys, founded in London in 1715 by Quaker Silvanus Bevan and his brother Timothy. It grew to be a leading pharmaceutical company with operations in Argentina, Australia, Britain, Canada, China, India and South Africa before being acquired by Glaxo Laboratories in 1958.
- American Friends Service Committee, a Quaker peace and social justice organization founded in 1917.
- Amnesty International, human rights organization; Eric Baker was a founding partner.
- Albright and Wilson, Manufacturing chemists.
- Barclays Bank, finance.
- Bethlehem Steel, founded by Quaker entrepreneur Joseph Wharton.
- Bradshaw's, Victorian and Edwardian publisher of the most widely used railway timetables in Britain, Europe and India, founded by Quaker George Bradshaw.
- Bryant and May, former match manufacturing company, founded by two Quakers, Francis May and William Bryant.
- Cadbury plc, chocolate and drinks manufacturer, was founded by Quaker John Cadbury, and expanded by Quaker sons Richard and George
- Carr's, UK biscuit manufacturer.
- Clarks, shoe manufacturer.
- Coalbrookdale Company, iron manufacturer.
- Cornell University, Ivy league educational institution in Ithaca, New York, US.
- Crosfield's, a British chemicals company founded in 1814 by Quaker Joseph Crosfield, now a subsidiary of Ineos.
- Cully&Sully, Irish food producer, famous for its award-winning pies.
- Duane Morris, now one of the 100 largest law firms in the US, and still committed to Quaker values.
- Friends Provident, life insurance company, was founded by Quakers Samuel Tuke and Joseph Rowntree.
- J. S. Fry & Sons, chocolate manufacturer.
- Greenpeace, campaigning environment organization — The four founding members include Irving Stowe and Dorothy Stowe of Vancouver Monthly Meeting.
- Gilkes Wilson and Company a British locomotive manufacturer.
- Hilton, Anderson, Brooks, & Co, a Victorian cement producer that became the largest employer in Essex, England, founded by Quaker Edmund Wright Brooks.
- Humane Resources Ltd, a UK business claiming to provide ethically sound, practical and affordable advice and support with employment disputes;
- Huntley and Palmers biscuits, manufacturer in Reading, Berkshire.
- Huntsman, steel manufacturer.
- Hussey Seating Co., a North Berwick, Maine manufacturer of stadium and gymnasium seating systems, founded by the Hussey family in 1835.
- The Inman Line, a Victorian passenger shipping line on the North Atlantic, founded in 1850 by Irish Quaker industrialist John Grubb Richardson and Englishman William Inman.
- Johns Hopkins University, a renowned private university in Baltimore, Maryland, originally started as a graduate university by Quaker abolitionist Johns Hopkins and the early board members were partly filled by Friends.
- John Fowler & Co. manufacturer of agricultural tools and machinery. Founded by Quaker engineer and inventor John Fowler.
- Marigold Health Food, a London-based health food distributor founded in 1975 by Quaker entrepreneur David Swinstead.
- Merz & McLellan , British electrical engineering consultancy co-founded by Charles Hesterman Merz.
- Miami Beach Improvement Company, the first land developer in Miami Beach, was founded in 1911 by Quaker John S. Collins.
- Mount of Olives, an Irish company founded by Richard Kimbell, imports and distributes olives from Jenin in the West Bank and distributes all profits to youth projects and schools.
- Neptune Works, also known as Wigham Richardson, a British shipbuilder founded in 1860 by John Wigham Richardson that pioneered steel construction for ships; it later merged with Swan Hunter to become the largest shipbuilder of its day.
- Newcastle Electric Supply Company founded by John Theodore Merz, pioneered the use of high-voltage three-phase AC power distribution in the United Kingdom.
- Neptune Bank Power Station designed by Merz & McLellan, was the first power station in the United Kingdom to generate three-phase electric power, and the first to supply electricity for industrial purposes rather than just lighting
- PQ Corporation, chemical industry firm. Founded Philadelphia Quartz by Philadelphia Quaker businessman Joseph Elkinton in 1831.
- Quakers & Business, charity
- Queen City Oil Company, headquartered in Toronto, was founded by Samuel and Elias Rogers and evolved into Imperial Oil, which is now the Canadian subsidiary of Exxon.
- Renovaré, an interfaith group founded by Richard J. Foster.
- Robert Roberts[disambiguation needed], a large Irish tea and coffee company founded in 1905 by the Quaker Goodbody family; with roots that reach back to the 1700s through a merger with Baker Wardell, founded by Quaker John Wardell.
- Rogers Communications, a Canadian media conglomerate
- Rogers Vacuum Tube Company a Canadian retailer and manufacturer of radio transmitters using alternating current vacuum tubes.
- Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust
- Rowntree's (now Rowntree Mackintosh, owned by Nestlé), chocolate manufacturer was founded by Quaker Joseph Rowntree
- Sandy Spring Bank, founded in 1868 by Quaker farmers, is now the largest bank in the state of Maryland, USA.
- Scott Bader Commonwealth, a British manufacturer of advanced resins and composites, founded by Ernest Bader in 1951.
- Strawbridge and Clothier, (now part of Macy's) department store chain, USA (Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware).
- Sony (formerly Tokyo Tsushin Kogyo, or Tokyo Telecommunication Engineering, Co.); TTK's founding board president was Tamon Maeda, a Japanese Quaker, prewar Japanese ambassador to ILO, and postwar Minister of Education.
- Stockton and Darlington Railway, established in 1825 by Quaker Edward Pease, operated the world's first permanent steam locomotive-hauled railway line.
- Waterford Crystal, a former producer of crystal glass was founded by Quakers in 1783, however this company closed in 1851. The modern Waterford Wedgwood was not founded by Quakers, being the merger of a separate Waterford Crystal company founded in 1947 by non-Quaker Charles Bacik, and Wedgwood, founded by the Unitarian, Josiah Wedgwood.
Businesses with no Quaker connection
- Quaker Oats Company, food manufacturer.
- Quaker Funds, an investment firm.
- Quaker State, motor oil brand.
- Quaker Steak & Lube, casual dining restaurant chain based in Sharon, Pennsylvania.
- "Business Insurance - tailored cover with up to 50% no claims bonus". Decision-finance.co.uk. 2009-11-06. Retrieved 2011-08-10.
- "Religions - Christianity: Atlantic slave trade and abolition". BBC. 2007-01-29. Retrieved 2011-08-10.
- "Quaker Heritage". Visit Darlington. Retrieved 2011-08-10.
- "Ian Carr". The Daily Telegraph (London). 2004-06-19. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
- "Duane Morris: Balancing Growth and Culture at a Law Firm - Harvard Business Review". Hbr.org. 2006-08-07. Retrieved 2011-08-10.
- "Stowe". Archive.greenpeace.org. Retrieved 2011-08-10.
- [dead link]
- Levy, Barry (1992). Quakers and the American Family: British Settlement in the Delaware Valley. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-504976-4.
- "Camden New Journal - David Swinstead | Organic | Marigold Health Food Company |". Thecnj.com. 2009-01-08. Retrieved 2011-08-10.
- "Oxfordshire Blue Plaques Scheme". Oxfordshireblueplaques.org.uk. 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2011-08-10.
- "Brewing up a recipe for success over 100 years". Independent.ie. 2010-12-22. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
- "Sandy Spring Bank Timeline". sandyspringbank.com. Retrieved 2012-11-05.
- "ABOUT > History". Quakerfunds.com. Retrieved 2011-08-10.
- BBC article on Quakers successes in business
- Video of a lecture given by James Walvin "Quakers, business and morality" on 25 April 2005 at Gresham College, Barnard’s Inn Hall