List of Roman bridges

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Pons Aelius in Rome, Italy
Roman stone pillar bridge in Trier, Germany. The arches were added in the 14th century.
Pons Cestius, Rome, during a flood

The Romans were the world's first major bridge builders.[1] The following list constitutes an attempt to list all known Roman bridges, many of which still survive to this day.

A Roman bridge in the sense of this article includes any of these features:

  • Roman arches
  • Roman pillars
  • Roman foundations
  • Roman abutments
  • Roman roadway
  • Roman cutwaters

Also listed are bridges which feature substantially Roman material (Spolia), as long as the later bridge is erected on the site of a Roman precursor. Finally, incidences where only inscriptions lay testimony to a former Roman bridge are also included.

In the following, bridges are classified either according to their material or their function. Most data not otherwise marked comes from O’Connor's Roman Bridges which lists 330 stone bridges for traffic, 34 timber bridges and 54 aqueduct bridges.[2] An even larger compilation of more than 900 Roman bridges (as of 2011) is offered by the Italian scholar Galliazzo, which is used here only selectively.[3]

Note on classification[edit]

Bridges are particularly difficult to classify as they, more than other structures, are subject to wear, on account of war and the impact of natural elements. The constant need for repairs through the ages has often turned bridges into hybrid structures, making it often difficult or nearly impossible to determine the exact date and origin of individual parts of a bridge. Thus, the majority of bridges listed below can be assumed to include medieval or (early) modern modifications, replacements or extensions, to a small or large extent.

Masonry bridges[edit]

The following table enlists bridges made out of stone or brick. The vast majority features arches, although stone deck slabs were also known. Bridges' spans and height abbreviations: S = small, M = middle, L = large.

Image Name River Town Location Country Spans Height Comment
Aesepus Bridge around 1905/06 Aesepus Bridge Gönen Çayı
(Aesepus)
Cyzicus 3.5 mi above mouth Turkey 11 x S-M ?
Ain Diwar Bridge formerly crossed the Tigris Ain Diwar 3.5 km NE of Ain Diwar Syria
Alcántara Bridge Alcántara Bridge Tagus Alcántara ? Spain 13.8 m; 21.9 m; 28.8 m; 27.4 m; 21.9 m; 13.8 m L
Span no. 3 Alconétar Bridge Tagus Alconétar Now 6 km N Spain 16 x 7.3–15 m M Segmental arch bridge[4]
Alte Sauerbrücke viewed from Echternach bank Alte Sauerbrücke Sauer Echternach ? Luxembourg/
Germany
? ? Roman origin unclear
Arapsu Bridge Arapsu Bridge Arapsu Olbia Antalya-Arapsuyu Turkey 1 x S S
Asi bridge ? Antakya ? Turkey 4 x 10 m S
Band-e Kaisar Band-e Kaisar Karun Shushtar ? Iran c.40 x M M Easternmost Roman bridge[5]
Bridge at Afrin Bridge at Afrin Afrin Aleppo 1 km E of Cyrrhus Syria 11.5 m; 12.5 m; 12 m M
Bridge at Eski Mosul ? Eski Mosul ? Iraq c.15 m M
4th arch south side Bridge at Limyra Alakır Çayı Limyra 7.5 km NE of Finike Turkey 27 x c. 10.65 m S Segmental arch bridge[6]
Bridge at Maameltein Maameltein Beirut 18 km NE Lebanon 12 m S
Bridge at Nimreh Wadi al-Liwa Shahba 10 km SE from Shahba Syria 6.73 m S Transversal arch[7]
Bridge at Oberzeiring Blahbach Oberzeiring 20 km NW of Judenberg Austria 1 or 2 x S S
Bridge at Oinoanda Koca Çayı
(Xanthos river)
Oinoanda At foot of town hill Turkey ? ? Excavated inscription points at existence[8]
Bridge of Jisr Jindas ? Lod 35 km NW of Jerusalem Israel ? ?
Cinque Ponti ? Salona 7 km NE of Split Croatia 2 x S S
Cloaca di Porta San Clementino Marta Graviscae Near Tarquinia on Via Aurelia Italy, Central 1 x S S
Constantine's Bridge Adırnas Çayı
(Rhyndacus)
Ulubad
(Lopadium)
Turkey ? In ruins. Only a few piers remain on north bank.[9]
Culverts in Siliana valley ? Maktar E Tunisia 1 x S S
The characteristic mid-course displacement (2005) Eurymedon Bridge Köprüçay
(Eurymedon)
Aspendos c. 3 km SW Turkey 5.1 m; ?; ?; 14.95 m; 23.52 m; 14.95 m; ?; ?; ?; M
Eurymedon Bridge at Selge in 2009 Eurymedon Bridge Köprüçay
(Eurymedon)
Selge c. 5 km N of Beşkonak[disambiguation needed] Turkey 7 m S
Gemarrin Bridge Wadi Zeidi Gemarrin N of Bostra Syria 3 x S S
Göksu bridge Göksu
(Calycadnus)
Samsat 25 km W Turkey c.30 m ?
Hadji Bektari bridge Shkumbi Hadji Bektari 10 km NE of Elbasan Albania 3 x S ?
Bnot Ya'akov Bridge Jordan ? N of Sea of Galilee Israel 4 x M S
Jisr el Majami Jordan Gesher ? Israel c.15 m; c.18 m M
Justinian Bridge (Justinyen Köprüsü) Berdan River Tarsus Near Adana Turkey 3 x S S
Pointed arch Karamagara Bridge Arapgir Çayı Ağın ? Turkey 17 m L Possibly earliest known pointed arch bridge[10][11]
Karas bridge ? Karas 10 km N of Erzerum Turkey 4-8 x M S
Third arch Kemer Bridge Koca Çayı
(Xanthos river)
Kemer N of Kalkan Turkey 4.1 m; 4.5 m; >4.0 m S
Kharaba Bridge Wadi Zeidi Bostra 3.5 km NW of Bostra Syria 3 x 3.8 m S
Leontes Bridge Leontes Tyre 10 km N Lebanon 1 x M S Segmental arch bridge[4]
Elevation and plan of the Makestos Bridge Makestos Bridge Susurluk Çayı
(Makestos)
Balıkesir Between Susurluk und Sultançayir Turkey 15 x 14.20 m S Segmental arch bridge[12]
Misis Bridge Misis bridge Ceyhan Adana E of Adana Turkey 9 x M S
Muro del Peccato ? Civita Castellana N of Ponte sul Treia Italy, Central ? ?
Nysa Bridge Cakircak Nysa In Nysa Turkey 5.7–7 m S 2nd largest ancient bridge substructure[13]
Pons Aelius Pons Aelius Tiber Rome In Rome Italy, Rome & vicinity 6 x 18 M
Pons Aemilius Pons Aemilius Tiber Rome In Rome Italy, Rome & vicinity 6 spans, incl. 4 x 24.3 m M
Pons Agrippae Tiber Rome In Rome Italy, Rome & vicinity
Pons Auruncus ? Sessa Aurunca 1 km W Italy, Southern 21 x M S
Pons Cestius Pons Cestius Tiber Rome In Rome Italy, Rome & vicinity 3 x 13.7 m M
Pons Fabricius Pons Fabricius Tiber Rome In Rome Italy, Rome & vicinity 24.2 m; 24.5 m M
Remains of Pons Neronianus at low water in the foreground (the standing bridge is the modern Ponte Vittorio Emanuele II) Pons Neronianus Tiber Rome In Rome Italy, Rome & vicinity
Pons Minucius Tiber Otricoli 3 km S on Via Flaminia Italy, Central ? ?
Pons Mulvius Pons Mulvius Tiber Rome 5 km north Italy, Rome & vicinity 9 m; 4 x 18 m; 9 m M
Pons Probi Tiber Rome In Rome Italy, Rome & vicinity
Pons Sangarius Sakarya
(Sangarius)
Candir Köprü 55 km SE of Eskişehir Turkey ? ?
Pons Servili ? Orakë W of Lake Ohrid Albania ? ?
Pont de Boissezon Bénovie Boissezon 1 km S of Sommières France 6 m; 8.8 m; 9.4 m; 8.8 m; 6 m S
Pont de César Velaj Mondouilloux On Via Bolena France ? ?
Pont de Chemtou Mejerda Chemtou 20 km W of Jendouba Tunisia 5 x S M
Pont de Civitas Avensis Mejerda Bou Salem
(Souk el Khemis)
11 km E Tunisia 2 x S ?
Pont de Domqueur Pont de Domqueur ? Domqueur 16 km E of Abbeville France 2.3 m S
Pont de Duperré Oued Chelif Duperré 150 km SW of Algiers Algeria ? ?
Pont de Gastal ? Tébessa Possibly 30 km N Algeria 7.5 m S
Pont de Grich el Oued Oued el Hamar Grich el Oued (Roman Thisiduo) 6 km NE of Mejez el Bab Tunisia >3 m S
Pont de Jedeida Mejerda Jedeida E end of town Tunisia 9 x S S
Pont de Khémissa ? Khémissa 2 km E Algeria S; 5.4 m; S M
Pont de Mejez el Bab Mejerda Mejez el Bab W end of town Tunisia 7 x S S
Pont de Montignies-St Christophe Hantes Montignies-St Christophe 1 km NW Belgium 13 x 1.5 m S
Pont de Pierre Pont de Pierre Buthier Aosta E of Arch of Augustus Italy, Northern 17.1 m S Segmental arch bridge[4]
Pont de Rolampont Marne Rolampont 1-1.5 km SE France 3 x S S
Pont de Sbeitla Oued Sbeitla Sbeitla 300 m NE Tunisia 4 x M M
Pont de Tébessa ? Tébessa 2.5 km NE Algeria 4 x 3.1 m S
Pont de Tébourba Mejerda Tébourba SE of town Tunisia c.16 x S S
Pont de Trajan Oued Béja Béja 10 km S Tunisia 5.8 m; 5.3 m; 6 m S
Pont de Treviri Oued Rhumel Constantine ? Algeria c.3.5 m; 5.3 m; c.3.5 m M
Pont de Sommières Pont de Sommières Vidourle Sommières In town France 2 x S; 13 x 8.5 m; 2 x S S
Pont de St Gabriel ? Tarascon ? France 3 m ?
Pont de St Thibéry Pont de St Thibéry Hérault Saint-Thibéry 1 km SE on Via Domitia France 9 x 10–12 m S Segmental arch bridge[4]
Pont de Vaison-la-Romaine Pont de Vaison-la-Romaine Ouvèze Vaison-la-Romaine In town France 17 m S
Pont d'Adpertusa Oued Chafrou Adpertusa 5 km W of Tunis Tunisia 6.3 m S
Pont d'Ain Hedja ? Agbia ? Tunisia ? ?
Pont d'Ain Younes Oued el Kebir Téboursouk 9 km SE Tunisia 1 x S S
Pont Ambroix Pont Ambroix Vidourle Ambrussum W of Gallargues-le-Montueux on Via Domitia France 5 x M ?
Pont d’Ascain Nivella Ascain 7 km SE of Saint-Jean-de-Luz France ? ?
Pont d’el Kantara Oued Kantara El Kantara 65 km SW of Batna Algeria 10 m M
Pont d’Ombret Semois Arel Arel-Trier road Belgium ? ?
Pont d'Oudna Oued Oudna Oudna 200 m NE Tunisia 3 x S S
Pont d'Oued Budjema Oued Budjema Annaba 1 km S, at Hippone Algeria 11 x S S
Pont d'Oued Bou-Zid Oued Bou-Zid Ksar Hellal ? Tunisia ? ?
Pont d'Oued Cherchar Oued Cherchar Bou Ficha 4 km NE Tunisia c.16 x S S
Pont d'Oued el Ahmar Oued el Ahmar Dougga 6.5 km E Tunisia ? ?
Pont d'Oued el Enja Oued el Enja Thuburnica 11 km NW of Chemtou Tunisia or Algeria 10 m S
Pont d'Oued Nebana Oued Nebana Kairouan 36 km N Tunisia 5 m; 6 x 2.6 m; S (now c.14 spans) S
Pont d'Oued Zarga Oued Zarga Oued Zarga ? Tunisia 2 x M S
Pont d'Oued Ziuna Oued Ziuna Tolemaide (Addirsiyah) ? Libya 2 x S S
Pont d’Outremecourt Mouzon Bourmont ? France 3 m; 4.7 m; 5.8 m; 4.7 m; 3 m S
Pont des Esclapes Le Béal Fréjus 2.5 km W on Via Julia Augusta France 3 x S S
Pont des Marchands Pont des Marchands Canal de la Robine Narbonne Beneath houses France c.15 m S Segmental arch bridge
The single-arched bridge framed by two triumphal arches Pont Flavien Touloubre Saint-Chamas E of Arles on Via Julia Augusta France 12.3 m S
Pont Julien Pont Julien Coulon Apt 7 km W France 10.3 m; 16.3 m; 10.3 m S
Pont Romà Pont Romà Torrent de Sant Jordi Pollença At outskirts Spain 2 x S S One semi-circular, one segmental arch[14]
Pont Serme ? Béziers 14 km W on Via Domitia France ? S
Pont Saint-Martin Pont Saint-Martin Lys Pont-Saint-Martin In town Italy, Northern 36.65 m M Segmental arch bridge[4]
Pont sur Couesnon ? Vendelais ? France 3 m S
Pont sur la Laye Pont sur la Laye Laye Mane 1 km W France 3 m; 7 m; 12 m S Segmental arch bridge[4]
Pont sur Loire Loire Lavoûte-sur-Loire ? France ? ?
Pont sur l'Oued Djilf Oued Djilf Maktar 15 km E Tunisia 6 x 5.4 m M
Pont sur Rhone Rhone Arles ? France ? ?
Pont sur Rhone Rhone Vienne To Ste Colombe les Viennes France ? ?
Pont Vieux Hérault Le Vigan ? France ? ?
Pontaccio ? Loano On Via Julia Augusta Italy, Northern 10 m S
Ponte Altinate Brenta River Padua To E of town Italy, Northern 11.14 m; 12.29 m; 10.90 m S Segmental arch bridge[15]
Ponte Alto ? Terracina On Via Appia Italy, Southern 1 x S S
Ponte Amato Fosso Collafri Gallicano 0.4 km SW on Via Praenestina Italy, Rome & vicinity 5 m M
Ponte Antico Fosso dell'Acqua Traversa Terracina On Via Appia Italy, Southern 1 x S S
Ponte Apollosa ? Benevento About 8 km SW Italy, Southern S; M; S M
Ponte Calamone ? Narni 2.5 km N on Via Flaminia Italy, Central 3.3 m; 1.4 m; 3.3 m S
Ponte Cardaro ? Narni 5 km N on Via Flaminia Italy, Central 3.4 m; 5.5 m; 7.9 m; 5.5 m; 3.4 m S
Ponte Catena ? Cori Outside Porta Ninfina Italy, Rome & vicinity 1 x S L
Ponte Corvo Bacchiglione Padua To E of town Italy, Northern 7.7 m; 8.7 m; 11 m S Segmental arch bridge[16]
Ponte Corvo ? Benevento About 5 km SW Italy, Southern 2 x S S
Ponte romana sobre a ribeira de Odivelas 01.png Ponte da Ribeira de Odivelas Ribeira de Odivelas Vila Ruiva 1,5 km away from Vila Ruiva Portugal ? S Several archs are buried.
Ponte de Arena ? Monza ? Italy, Northern 5.1 m S
Ponte dei Ciclopi ? Cantiano c.3 km N on Via Flaminia Italy, Central 3.7 m S
Ponte dei Ladroni V. d. Ferrara Benevento 17 km ENE on Via Traiana Italy, Southern 3 m; 10 m; 14 m ?
Ponte degli Angeli Bacchiglione Vicenza Near Chiesa d. Angeli Italy, Northern 5 x M S
Ponte del Diavolo Fiumaretta Sta Marinella Via Aurelia Italy, Rome & vicinity 7 m S
Ponte del Diavolo Spalla Bassa Cassino 0–12 km SW Italy, Southern 5.5 m S
Ponte del Diavolo Titerno Campobasso ? Italy, Southern 1 x M S
Ponte del Diavolo ? Blera In gorge below town Italy, Central 3 x S S
Ponte del Diavolo ? Manziana W of Lago di Bracciano Italy, Central 7 m S
Ponte del Diavolo ? Massa Martana 13 km N on Via Flaminia Italy, Central 3.3 m S
Ponte del Gran Caso Gran Caso Ascoli Piceno 2 km E on Via Salaria Italy, Central 6 m M
Oristano1.jpg Ponte del Tirso Tirso Oristano Sardinia Italy, Insular Ruins ?
Ponte dell'Abbadia Ponte dell’Abbadia Fiora Vulci 8 km N of Montalto di Castro Italy, Central S; c.25 m; S L
Ponte dell’Acqua ? Finale Ligure In Val Ponci on Via Julia Augusta Italy, Northern 1 x S S
Ponte dell’Acquoria Aniene Tivoli 1.2 km W Italy, Rome & vicinity 7 x S ?
Ponte della Regina Brembo Almenno Lecco-Bergamo Italy, Northern 8 x M M-H
Ponte della Rocca Cavignano Ascoli Piceno On Via Salaria Italy, Central 10.8 m S
Ponte delle Chianche T. d. Buonalbergo Montecalvo 3.5 km NW on Via Traiana Italy, Southern 6 x M S
Ponte delle Fate ? Finale Ligure In Val Ponci on Via Julia Augusta Italy, Northern 5.7 m; S M
Ponte delle Voze Voze Finale Ligure In Val Ponci on Via Julia Augusta Italy, Northern 4–5 m S
Ponte detto delle Piangole Metaurus ? Pesaro region Italy, Central 4 x M M
Ponte d’Arli Tronto Arli 14 km W of Ascoli Piceno on Via Salaria Italy, Central 17 m M
Ponte d'Augusto at Rimini Ponte d'Augusto Marecchia Rimini On Via Aemilia Italy, Central 8.7 m; 8.9 m; 10.6 m; 8.9 m; 8.0 m S
Ponte d'Augusto Ponte d'Augusto at Narni Nera Narni 0.5 km N on Via Flaminia Italy, Central 19.6 m; 32.1 m; 18 m; 16 m L Tallest Roman road bridge
Ponte di Agosta Aniene Agosta 8 km S of Arsoli Italy, Rome & vicinity 7 x S S
Ponte di Cassino Valle del Rapido Cassino About 3 km N Italy, Southern 1 x S S
Ponte di Caudino Lorenzino Caudino Near Arcevia Italy, Central 8 m S
Ponte di Cecco Ponte di Cecco Castellano Ascoli Piceno E entrance to city Italy, Central 14.5 m; 7.2 m H
Ponte di Chatillon Marmore Châtillon In town Italy, Northern 15 m M
Ponte di Corso V. Emanuele ? Milan Beneath C. V. Emanuele Italy, Northern 2.6 m S
Ponte di Diocleziano Metaurus Fossombrone 2.5 km SW Italy, Central c.20 m L
Ponte di Fiumicinetto Gressaga S. Dona d. Piave N Italy, Northern 3 x c.7 m S
Ponte di Fossato di Vico Regalino Fossato di Vico c. 1.5 km E of Via Flaminia Italy, Central 1 x S S
Ponte di Gavoi ? Gavoi SW of Nuoro, Sardinia Italy, Insular 5 x S-M S Now submerged in a reservoir
Ponte di Mezzocamino ? Rome ? Italy, Rome & vicinity 1 x S S
Ponte di Nona, Small T. Marrana Rome 12 km E on Via Praenestina Italy, Rome & vicinity 6 m S
Ponte di Nona, Large T. Marrana Rome 12 km E on Via Praenestina Italy, Rome & vicinity S; 7 x 6 m; S L
Ponte di Nepi ? Nepi ? Italy, Central 1 x S S
Ponte di Pioraco ? Pioraco c. 25 km NE of Nocera Umbra Italy, Central 1 x S S
Ponte di Pollenza ? Pollenza 10 km SW of Macerata Italy, Central M; S S
Ponte di Porta Cappuccina Ponte di Porta Cappuccina Tronto Ascoli Piceno NW entrance to city Italy, Central 22.2 m L
Ponte di Porta Rimini Foglia Pesaro ? Italy, Central 28.7 m; 6.3 m M
Ponte di Porta Tufilla Tronto Ascoli Piceno N entrance to city Italy, Central 2 x M; S M
Ponte di Promontogno ? Promontogno Near Chiavenna Italy, Northern 1 x S M
Ponte di Quintodecimo Tronto Quintodecimo 24 km W of Ascoli Piceno on Via Salaria Italy, Central 17.1 m M
Ponte di Rodi ? ? Island of Rhodes Greece 2 x S S
Ponte di Sant'Antioco ? Sant'Antioco SW Sardinia Italy, Insular 2 x S S
Ponte di San Giovanni de Butris ? Acquasparta 1 km S on Via Flaminia Italy, Central 2 x 8.7 m S
Ponte di San Giuliano Rapido Atina In town Italy, Southern 2 x M M
Ponte di Sant’Arcangelo di Romagna Uso Rimini c. 12 km W on Via Aemilia Italy, Northern c.4 m S
Ponte di Smirra ? Acqualagna 2.0 km S on Via Flaminia Italy, Central 3.8 m S
Ponte di Sperlonga ? Sperlonga Near the Villa of Tiberius Italy, Southern 4.7 m S
Ponte di Terra F. di Terra Rome 21 km E on Via Praenestina Italy, Rome & vicinity 4.9 m S
Ponte di Traiano Metaurus Fossombrone 5 km SW on Via Flaminia Italy, Central 4 m; 11.3 m; 11.3 m M
Ponte di Tre Ponti Pontine Marshes Terracina About 15 km NW on Via Appia Italy, Southern 2 x S S
Ponte di Vigna Capoccio Fosso di Carano Velletri 4 km SW on Via Appia Italy, Rome & vicinity 1 x S ?
Ponte Etrusco ? Sigillo 7.5 km N on Via Flaminia Italy, Central 4 m S
Ponte Fonnaia Naia Acquasparta 3 km N on Via Flaminia Italy, Central 3.4 m S
Ponte Furo Retrone Vicenza Near Campo Marzio Italy, Northern 2 x 4.6 m S
Ponte Genga Sentino Fabriano 16 km NE Italy, Central 8 m M
Ponte Grosso Burano Cantiano N on Via Flaminia Italy, Central 2 x 7 m S
Ponte Grosso a Pontericcioli Fosso della Scheggio Scheggia 6 km N on Via Flaminia Italy, Central ? x 3.4 m S
Ponte Ladricio Eisack Franzensfeste ? Italy, Northern ? ?
Ponte Leproso ? Benevento About 1 km SW Italy, Southern 5 x S S
Ponte Lucano panorama modifié-1 Ponte Lucano Aniene Tivoli 3.5 km W on Via Tiburtina Italy, Rome & vicinity 5 x S S
Ponte Lungo ? Albenga On Via Julia Augusta Italy, Northern 10 x 6.6-8.4 m S
Ponte Mammolo Aniene Rome 8 km ENE on Via Tiburtina Italy, Rome & vicinity S; 16 m; S M
Ponte Manlio Bosso Cagli 0.5 km N on Via Flaminia Italy, Central 11.7 m S
Ponte Marzio Serio Gorle Near Bergamo Italy, Northern 3 x M S
Ponte Molino Ponte Molino Bacchiglione Padua To NE of town Italy, Northern 7.80 m; 8.86 m; 11.47 m; 8.51 m; 7.81 m S Segmental arch bridge[17]
Ponte Nascosa ? Civitamassa c. 9 km NW of L'Aquila on Via Caecilia Italy, Central S S
Ponte Nepesino Fosso Cerreto Nepi 3 km S on Via Amerina Italy, Central 4 x S S
The medieval bridge tower of the Ponte Nomentano resting on the ancient arch built of white travertine Ponte Nomentano Aniene Rome 6 km NE on Via Nomentana Italy, Rome & vicinity S; L; S M
Ponte Petreo ? Ravenna c. 3 km S Italy, Northern ? ?
Ponte Picchiato Miccino Orte 12 km SE on Via Flaminia Italy, Central 11.5 m S
Ponte Pietra Ponte Pietra Adige Verona NE corner of town Italy, Northern 5 x M S
Ponte Pietra Ofanto Canosa di Puglia 5 km W on Via Traiana Italy, Southern 2 spans ?
Ponte Piro ? Barbarano 4 km SE of Blera on Via Clodia Italy, Central ? ?
Ponte presso Tor di Valle ? Rome 10 km SW on Via Ostiensis Italy, Rome & vicinity 1 x S S
Ponte presso Torre Pastore ? Civita Castellana 0.3 km N of P. Ritorto Italy, Central 3.1 m S
Ponte Pusterla Bacchiglione Vicenza On Via Claudia Augusta Italy, Northern 3 x M S
Ponte Ritorto Fosso di Chiavello Civita Castellana 4 km E on Via Flaminia Italy, Central 5.9 m S
Roman Bridge Ponte Vella (Ponte Romana) Minho River Ourense ? Spain ?
Ponte Romano Garafo Acquasanta On Via Salaria Italy, Central 10.5 m M
Ponte Romano Velino Rieti In town Italy, Central ? S
Ponte Rotto Carapelle Foggia 15 km SE on Via Traiana Italy, Southern 10 x S-M S
Ponte Rotto Cervaro Foggia 10 km S on Via Traiana Italy, Southern 17 x S-M S
Engraving of the Ponte Salario by Giovanni Battista Piranesi from between 1754–1760 Ponte Salario Aniene Rome 5 km N on Via Salaria Italy, Rome & vicinity 8.5 m; 26.7 m; 8.5 m M
Ponte Sambuco ? Rieti S on Via Salaria Italy, Central 1 x S S
Ponte San Giorgio ? Arsoli 3 km N on Via Valeria Italy, Rome & vicinity 1 x S S
Ponte Sanguinario Tessino Spoleto Beneath Piazza Garibaldi Italy, Central S; 6.2 m; 6.8 m; S S
Ponte Sanguinaro Sanguinaro Otricoli 7 km NE on Via Flaminia Italy, Central ? ?
Ponte San Lorenzo Bacchiglione Padua To E of town Italy, Northern 12.8 m; 14.4 m; 12.5 m S Segmental arch bridge[4]
Ponte San Lorenzo ? Bulicame 1 km NE of Viterbo on Via Cassia Italy, Central 1 x S S
Ponte San Matteo Bacchiglione Padua To E of town Italy, Northern ? ?
Ponte San Nicolao ? Viterbo Via Cassia Italy, Central 1 x M S
Ponte San Vito Uso Rimini 10 km W on Via Aemilia Italy, Northern 1 x S S
Ponte Sardone ? Palestrina 0.7 km SW on Via Praenestina Italy, Rome & vicinity ? ?
Ponte Scutonico ? Arsoli 2 km S on Via Valeria Italy, Rome & vicinity 1 x S S
Ponte Sodo Valchetta Veii On N boundary Italy, Rome & vicinity ? ?
Ponte Spiano Fonturce Sigillo 6 km N on Via Flaminia Italy, Central 3.25 m S
Ponte sul Adda Adda Olginate S of Lecco Italy, Northern 4.8 m S
Ponte sul Canalat Canalat Ceggia ? Italy, Northern 8.3 m; 7.4 m; 6.8 m S
Ponte sul Lemene Lemene Concordia Sag. ? Italy, Northern ? S
Porto Torres2.jpg Ponte sul Mannu Mannu Porto Torres To W of town, Sardinia Italy, Insular 5.4 m; 5.4 m; 3 m; 5.3 m; 5.2 m; 12.5 m; 19.5 m M
Ponte sul Fosso della Mola Fosso della Mola Nepi 2 km E Italy, Central 1 x M S
Ponte sul Fosso Tre Ponti Fosso Tre Ponti Nepi 4 km N on Via Amerina Italy, Central 4.6 m M
Ponte sul Fratta Fratta[disambiguation needed] Orte 13 km SE on Via Flaminia Italy, Central ? ?
Ponte sul Nafissa Nafissa Aquileia ? Italy, Northern 1 x S S
Ponte sul Ofanto Ponte sul Ofanto Ofanto Canosa di Puglia 5 km W on Via Traiana Italy, Southern 7 x S-M S
Ponte sul Reno Reno Bologna On Via Aemilia Italy, Northern ? ?
Ponte sul Rio della Torre Rio della Torre San Lorenzo al Mare On Via Julia Augusta Italy, Northern 4 m S
Ponte sul Rubicone Rubicon Savignano On Via Aemilia Italy, Northern 3 x 6.2 m S
Ponte sul Savuto Savuto Scigliano Via Popilia (or Annia) Italy, Southern 20.5 m M
Ponte sul Tevere Tiber Sigliano ? Italy, Central ? ?
Ponte sul Treia Treia Civita Castellana 5 km NE on Via Flaminia Italy, Central ? ?
Ponte sull’Ausa Ausa Rimini Near Arch of Augustus Italy, Central S; M S
Ponte sulla Dora Dora Baltea Ivrea In town Italy, Northern L; M; S M
Ponte Taverna Burano Cagli 0.5 km S on Via Flaminia Italy, Central 4.8 m; 16.2 m ?
Ponte Toro ? Terni 6 km NE on Via Flaminia Italy, Central 9 m S
Ponte Tufaro ? Benevento About 10 km SW Italy, Southern 3 x S S
Ponte Valentino Calore Benevento 5 km E on Via Traiana Italy, Southern 15 m; 18 m; 15 m M
Ponte Vecchio ? Rapallo In town Italy, Northern 1 x M S
Ponte Voragine ? Scheggia 3 km N on Via Flaminia Italy, Central 3 m S
Primo Ponte Fosso di Sta Maria Morgana Sta Marinella Via Aurelia Italy, Rome & vicinity 1 x S S
Secondo Ponte Fosso di Sta Maria Morgana Sta Marinella Via Aurelia, at 60.9 km Italy, Rome & vicinity 1 x S S
Primo Ponte ? Foligno Via Sudena Italy, Central 4 x S S
Secondo Ponte ? Foligno ? Italy, Central 7 x S S
Terzo Ponte ? Foligno Via Giovanni dell’Acqua Italy, Central 9 m; 9 m; 10 m; 9 m; 9 m S
Quarto Ponte ? Foligno Via delle Grazie Italy, Central 8 m; 10 m; 8 m S
Primo Ponte ? Gualdo Tadino In vicinity Italy, Central c.4 m M
Secondo Ponte della Val Quazzola ? Quiliano Near Ricchini Italy, Northern 6 m S
Terzo Ponte della Val Quazzola ? Quiliano 2 km beyond Secondo Ponte della Val Quazzola Italy, Northern c.6 m S
Quarto Ponte della Val Quazzola ? Quiliano Volta locality Italy, Northern ? ?
Quinto Ponte della Val Quazzola ? Quiliano Colle sul Rio d. Scarroni Italy, Northern ? ?
Sesto Ponte della Val Quazzola ? Quiliano Rio del Gallo Italy, Northern ? ?
Primo Ponte di Val Ponci ? Finale Ligure In Val Ponci on Via Julia Augusta Italy, Northern 1 x S S
Quarto Ponte di Val Ponci ? Finale Ligure In Val Ponci on Via Julia Augusta Italy, Northern ? ?
Pontetto ? Loano On Via Julia Augusta Italy, Northern 1 x S S
Ponticello ? Benevento In town, to E Italy, Southern 1 x M M
Ponticello ? Cantiano 0.2 km N of Ponte di Ciclopi Italy, Central 1 x S S
Ponticello dell’Abbazia ? Acqualagna 4 km N on Via Flaminia Italy, Central 2.1 m; 2.8 m S
Ponticello di Case Nuove ? Acqualagna N on Via Flaminia Italy, Central 1.4 m S
Ponticello di Isernia ? Isernia ? Italy, Southern 1 x M S
Ponticello sul Selino Selino Selinunte Near Castelvetrano, Sicily Italy, Southern 1 x S S
Puente del Bibey Puente del Bibey Bibey Puebla de Trives c. 8 km towards Petín Spain 6.1 m; 18.5 m; 8.8 m L
Puente de Alardos Alardos Madrigal de la Vera ? Spain 22.8 m M
Albarregas.jpg Puente de Albarregas Albarregas Mérida NW entrance to town Spain 1.3 m; 1.7 m; 3 x 5 m S
Puente de Alcántara Puente de Alcántara Tagus Toledo E approach to town Spain 16 m; 28.3 m L
Puente de Alcantarilla Salado de Moran Utrera 32 km SE of Seville Spain 5.4 m; 5.7 m S
Puente de Cangas de Onís Puente de Cangas de Onís Sella Cangas de Onís ? Spain 7.7 m; 21.6 m; 9.5 m; 6.8 m; 4.3 m; 3.6 m M Three main arches pointed. Dates originally from 2nd c. AD[18]
Puente de Cáparra Ambroz Plasencia 20 km N Spain 8.7 m; 9.2 m S
Puente de Carmona ? Carmona 28 km E of Seville Spain 4 m; 4 m; 5 m; 4 m; 4 m S
Roman Bridge at Chaves Roman Bridge Tâmega Chaves In town Portugal c.13 x S S
Puente de El Garro Almonte Alconétar Now flooded Spain ? ?
Puente de Guallaminos Guallaminos Villanueva de la Vera ? Spain 18.6 m S
Puente de Guijo de la Granadilla Alagón Plasencia c. 20 km N Spain 19.1 m M
Roman bridge Puente de Entrambasaguas Jiloca Luco de Jiloca ? Spain 5.4 m; 11.2 m; 5.4 m S
roman bridge Jiloca Calamocha ? Spain 7.7 m S
Puente de Lumbier Irati Lumbier At Hoz de Lumbier Spain 1 x M L
Puente de Medellín Guadiana Medellín 35 km E of Mérida Spain 28 x 12 m S
Pont de Monistrol Llobregat Monistrol de Montserrat In town Spain 37 m; 27 m; 17 m; 12 m M
Puente de Orbigo ? Santiago de Compostela ? Spain >5 x S S
Puente de Piedra (Zaragoza) Ebro Zaragoza In town Spain ? ?
Pont de Pedra Segre Lleida In town Spain ? ?
Puente de Puebla de Trives Xares Puebla de Trives Near Mendoya Spain 7 m S
Puente de Segura Segura Bridge Erges/Erjas Segura 1 km south Portugal/
Spain
7 m; 7 m; 10 m; 7 m; 7 m M
Pont de Saint-Vincent Cillian Saint-Vincent 1 km east Italy, Northern 9.7 m; 3.1 m S
Pont de Santa Coloma Gran Valira Santa Coloma 3 km S of Andorra la Vella Andorra S; M S
Puente de Tres Puentes Zadorra Iruna 9 km W of Vitoria-Gasteiz Spain 13 x S S
Puente de Villa del Río Salado de Porcuna Villa del Río 10 km E of Montoro Spain 3 m; 9.1 m; 3.6 m S
Puente de Villodas Zadorra Villodas c. 12 km W of Vitoria-Gasteiz Spain 10 x S S
Puente del Diablo Pont del Diable Llobregat Martorell E end of town Spain c.16 m; 37.3 m L
Puente del Jándular Jándular Andújar 5 km W Spain 7 x 5.1 m; 2-3 x S S
Puente del Vadillo Tamuja Vadillo 30 km E of Cáceres Spain 1 x M S
Puente de la Cigarrosa Sil Petín In town Spain 8 m; 10 m; 4 m; 19 m; 10 m S
Puente de la Doncella Ambroz Plasencia c. 40 km N Spain 9.3 m S
Puente Linares Limia Bande On Bande-Porquera road Spain 7.5 m; 7 m + (2 x S) S
Puente Mocho at Alcolea (Córdoba) Puente Mocha Guadalmellato Córdoba 10 km E Spain 10 x 4.5-6.6 m S
Puente Romano at Córdoba Puente Romano Guadalquivir Córdoba In town Spain 16 x 7.9–12 m S
Puente Romano at Mérida Puente Romano Guadiana Mérida S entrance to town Spain 62 x 5.6-11.6 m S
Puente Romano Tormes Salamanca In town Spain 15 x 9.4-9.7 m S
Pont Vell Fluvià Besalú 30 km NW of Girona Spain ? ?
Penkalas Bridge Kocaçay
(Penkalas)
Aezani Çavdarhisar Turkey c.3.9 m; 5.2 m; 6.5 m; 5.2 m; c.3.9 m S
Penkalas Bridge in 1992 Penkalas Bridge Kocaçay
(Penkalas)
Aezani Çavdarhisar Turkey 5 x S S
Roman bridge Biga Çayı
(Granicus)
Biga Over Biga Çayı Turkey ? ?
Roman bridge ? Eğirdir ? Turkey ? ?
Sabrina bridge Karabudak Zimara ? Turkey ? ?
View of the remains of the triumphal arch on the western end of the bridge (1838) Sangarius Bridge Sakarya
(Sangarius)
İzmit 4 km W of Adapazarı Turkey 8-12 x M S
Sauerbrücke Sauer Wasserbillig ? Luxembourg ? ?
Selinus bridge Bergama Çayı
(Selinus)
Pergamon ? Turkey 2 x 11.4 m S
Pergamon Bridge Pergamon Bridge Bergama Çayı
(Selinus)
Pergamon Under Temple of Serapis (Red Hall) Turkey 2 x 9 m[19] S Largest ancient bridge substructure[20]
Severan Bridge Severan Bridge Cendere Çayı Kahta 41 km E of Adıyaman Turkey 34.2 m L
Shkumbi bridge Shkumbi Topcias Near Shenjan Albania 17 x S ?
Sankt Dionysen bridge Sankt Dionysen bridge Murufer Sankt Dionysen Between Sankt Dionysen and Oberdorf Austria 1 x S S
Stone Bridge Seyhan Adana ? Turkey 21 x S S
Susegana Bridge ? Susegana In frazione Colfosco on Via Claudia Augusta Italy, Northern 5.3 m S Segmental arch bridge[21]
Roman Bridge at Alter do Chão Vila Formosa Bridge Seda Alter do Chão 10 km W Portugal 6 x c.9.6 m S
Viadotta di Valle Ariccia Valle Ariccia Rome 27 km SE on Via Appia Italy, Rome & vicinity 3 x S S
Viadotta sulla Via Aurelia ? Rome Pons Cestius-Janiculum Italy, Rome & vicinity 1 x S ?
Viaduct over the Fosso di Ponte Terra Fosso di Ponte Terra San Vittorino 1 km NE Italy, Rome & vicinity 4 x M M
Voltarella ? Civita Castellana 5 km NE on Via Flaminia Italy, Central 3.1 m S
White Bridge Biga Çayı
(Granicus)
? Road to Gallipoli Turkey S; S; 4 x M; S; S ? Plundered for material in 19th c.[22]
Zakho bridge Little Khabur Zakho In town Iraq S; L; S L
? Arapgir Çayı Korpanik 3 km E Turkey 30 m ?
? Asopus Laodicea on the Lycus ? Turkey 8.0 m; 12.3 m; 7.1 m M
? Bues Ganagobie W bank of Durance, S of Sisteron France ? ?
? Escoutay Viviers ? France ? ?
? Fosso del Giardinetto Rome 11 km E on Via Labicana Italy, Rome & vicinity 5.7 m S
? Fosso della Valchetta Castel Giubileo 0.25 km N Italy, Rome & vicinity 2 x 7 m S
? Fosso di Palidoro Palidoro Beneath farmhouse Italy, Rome & vicinity 2 x S ?
? Fosso di Vallemplice Sta Marinella Via Aurelia Italy, Rome & vicinity 1 x S S
? Fosso Malafede Ostia 9 km NE on Via Ostiensis Italy, Rome & vicinity 2 x S S
? Göksu
(Calycadnus)
Silifke ? Turkey 5 x c.17 m; 2 x 4.3 m S
Torre do Rio (1).jpg ? Guadiana Mertola ? Portugal ? ?
? Marsyas Incekemer ? Turkey 3 x M M
? Nahr er Rukkad ? W of Bostra Syria 8 spans ?
? Nile Aswan ? Egypt ? ?
? Numicus Ostia 2 km SE on Via Severiana Italy, Rome & vicinity 3 x S S
? Saboun-Souyou Aleppo 70 km N Syria 3.8 m; 8.4 m; 10 m; 9.8 m; 8.2 m; 3.8 m M
? Saboun-Souyou Aleppo Cyrrhus-Gaziantep Syria 4.2 m; 9.3 m; 4.7 m S
? Wadi Suweida Suweida N of Bostra Syria 1 span ?
? Wadi Zeidi el-Tali’a W of Bostra Syria 2 x S S
? Yeşil
(Iris)
Amasya ? Turkey ? ?
? ? Antakya N of Antakya Turkey 1 x S L
? ? Kireli ? Turkey ? ?
? ? Qodana W of Bostra Syria 3 spans ?
? ? Sette Vene 15 km N of Veii on Via Cassia Italy, Central 1 x S ?

Timber and stone pillar bridges[edit]

A timber bridge is a structure composed wholly out of wood, while a stone pillar bridge features a wooden superstructure resting on stone pillars. Strictly speaking, many bridges of the second type should be rather called "concrete pillar bridges", as the Romans preferably used opus caementicium for constructing their bridge piers (stone was confined in these cases to covering). Both types, timber bridges and stone respectively concrete pillar bridges, are listed here in the same category as historically, with the consolidation of Roman power in the newly conquered provinces, wooden bridges often gave way to solid pillar bridges.

Image Name River Town Country Spans Comment
Relief on Trajan's Column Apollodorus Bridge
(or Trajan's Bridge)
Danube Turnu-Severin/Kladovo Romania/
Serbia
21 x >30 m Concrete pillars; longest arch bridge for over 1000 years
Caesar's Rhine Bridge, by John Soane (1814) Caesar's Rhine bridges Rhine Koblenz Germany c.26 spans
Chesters Bridge North Tyne Chesters England 4 x S Possible stone arches[23]
Constantine's Bridge Danube Corabia Romania/
Bulgaria
? Concrete pillars[24]
Cornelius Fuscus's Bridge Danube Orlea Romania/
Bulgaria
? Timber bridge[25]
Justinian's bridge Siberis Sykeon Turkey 8 x 5.4-9.6 m
London Bridge Thames London England ?
Piercebridge Roman Bridge Tees Piercebridge England ?
Pons Aelius Tyne Newcastle England ?
Drawing from 1881 Pons Sublicius Tiber Rome Italy ?
Pons Tirenus Garigliano Minturnae Italy ?
Römerbrücke at Trier Römerbrücke Mosel Trier Germany ? Arches added in Middle Ages
Fanciful depiction from 1608. View from north Römerbrücke Rhine Cologne Germany 20 spans
Modern inscription of the Roman bridge Römerbrücke Rhine Mainz Germany ? First built ca. 30 AD[26]
? Churn Cirencester England ?
? Eden Hyssop Holme Well England ?
? Forth ? Scotland ?
? Irthing Willowford England Possible stone arches[23]
? Kelvin Summerston Scotland ?
? Loire Orléans France ?
? Loire ? France ?
? Rede Elishaw England ?
? Rede Risingham England ?
? Rhone Genf Switzerland ?
? Saône ? France ?
? Seine Paris France ?
? Tees Pounteys Bridge England ?
? Trent Cromwell England ?
? Tyne Corbridge England 6-11 x S Possible stone arches[23]
? Wear Binchester England ?
? ? Hunwick Gill England ?
? ? London, Newgate England ?
? ? Wallasey England ?
? ? Water Newton England ?
? ? Wroxeter England ?

Pontoon bridges[edit]

As an alternative to ferry services, the Roman army often made use of pontoon bridges, along with timber structures, for river crossings. They usually consisted of boats lashed together, with the bows pointing towards the current. Permanent bridges of boats were also commonly set up for civilian traffic.

Character River Town Country Comment
Bridge of boats Danube Kostolac Serbia
Bridge of boats Danube Turnu-Severin Romania/
Serbia
Bridge of boats Sakarya
(Sangarius)
Adapazarı, 4 km SW Turkey Replaced by stone arches of Sangarius Bridge under reign of Justinian I (r. 527-565)[27]

Aqueduct bridges[edit]

Image Town Name Country Bridge length Aqueduct length overall Comment
Aix-en-Provence ? France ? ?
Alabanda ? Turkey Yes ?
Alatri ? Italy ? ?
Alcanadre ? Spain Yes ?
Alinda ? Turkey Yes ?
Almuñécar ? Spain Yes ?
Antibes aquaduct.jpg Antibes ? France Yes ?
Ansignan ? France Yes ?
Antioch ? Turkey Yes ?
Anzio ? Italy ? ?
Arles ? France Yes ?
Aspendos Aquaedukt.jpg Aspendus ? Turkey Yes ?
Barcelona ? Spain Yes ?
Bavay ? France ? ?
Bellone-Claudia ? Spain ? ?
Bologna ? Italy ? ?
Bonn Bonn Aqueduct Germany Yes ?
Bordeaux ? France ? ?
Cádiz ? Spain ? ?
Caesarea Maritima aqueduct.jpg Caesarea ? Israel Yes ?
Zaghouan aqueduc.jpg Carthage Zaghouan-Carthage Tunisia Yes ?
Catania ? Italy ? ?
Peña Cortada 5.JPG Chelva Peña Cortada Spain ? ?
Chemtou ? Tunisia ? ?
Cherchell ? Algeria Yes ?
Cimiez ? France ? ?
Civitavecchia ? Italy Yes ?
Reconstructed section near Mechernich-Vussem Cologne Eifel Aqueduct Germany Yes 130 km Largest ancient structure north of the Alpes
Constantine ? Algeria Yes ?
Die ? France ? ?
Ephesus ? Turkey Yes ?
Erythrai ? Turkey ? ?
Évreux ? France ? ?
Frejus aquaduct.jpg Fréjus ? France Yes ?
Gadara Gadara Aqueduct Jordan Yes 170 km Longest tunnel of antiquity (94 km)[28]
Granada ? Spain ? ?
Valens Aqueduct Istanbul Valens Aqueduct Turkey Yes ?
Italica ? Spain Yes ?
Kavala ? Greece Yes ?
Khémissa ? Tunisia Yes ?
Laodicea ? Turkey Yes ?
Luynes[disambiguation needed] ? France Yes ?
Lyon Brevenne France ? ?
Lyon Craponne France Yes ?
Lyon Gier France Yes ?
Lyon Mont d’Or France ? ?
Römersteine ("Roman Stones") Mainz Römersteine Germany ? ?
Marseille ? France ? ?
Mérida Cornalvo Spain ? 17km
Acueducto de los Milagros Mérida Proserpina, Acueducto de los Milagros Spain 12km UNESCO World Heritage Site
Acueducto de Rabo de Buey-SanLazaro2.jpg Mérida Las Tomas (Rabo de Buey) Spain ?
Metz ? France Yes ?
Minturnae Aqueduct Minturno ? Italy Yes ?
Musti ? Tunisia ? ?
Pont du Gard Nîmes Pont du Gard
Pont de Bornègre
France Yes ? UNESCO World Heritage Site
Orange ? France ? ?
Paris Lutetia France ? ?
Pézenas ? France ? ?
Périgueux ? France ? ?
Phaselis (16).JPG Phaselis ? Turkey Yes ?
Poitiers ? France ? ?
Pompeii ? Italy ? ?
Bridge arch of Pont d'Aël Pont d'Aël, Aymavilles Pont d'Aël[29] Italy, Northern 14.24 m span 6 km 66 m above bottom of valley
Rodez ? France ? ?
Porta Maggiore Rome Anio Novus Italy 14 km[30] 86.8 km Constr. 38-52 AD.[31] 189,520 m³ a day
Anio Vetus Rome Anio Vetus Italy Yes ?
Aqua Alexandrina Rome Aqua Alexandrina Italy 2 km[31] 22 km Constr. 226 AD[31]
Rome Aqua Alsietina Italy Yes
Aqua Claudia Rome Aqua Claudia Italy 14 km[30] 68.6 km Constr. 38-52 AD.[31] 184,280 m³ a day
Rome Aqua Julia Italy 10 km[32] 68.6 km Constr. 33 BC.[31] 48,240 m³ a day
Aqua Marcia Rome Aqua Marcia Italy 10 km[32] 91.4 km Constr. 144-140 BC.[31] 187,600 m³ a day
Rome Aqua Tepula Italy 9 km[32] 17.7 km Constr. 126 BC.[31] 17,800 m³ a day
Sádaba ? Spain ? ?
Saintes ? France ? ?
Salona Diocletianus Aqueduct Croatia Yes ?
Samosata ? Turkey Yes ?
Sebaste ? Turkey Yes ?
Side ? Turkey Yes ?
Sbeitla ? Tunisia Yes ?
Aqueduct of Segovia Segovia Aqueduct of Segovia Spain Yes ? UNESCO World Heritage Site
Sens ? France ? ?
CanosCarmona3.JPG Seville Caños de Carmona Spain ?
Ponte delle Torri Spoleto Ponte delle Torri Italy Yes ?
Saint-Bertrand-de-Comminges ? France Yes ?
Saint-Rémy-de-Provence ? France ? ?
Syracuse ? Italy ? ?
Taormina ? Italy ? ?
Tarquinia ? Italy Yes ?
Aqüeducte de les Ferreres Tarragona Francolí aqueduct Aqüeducte de les Ferreres Spain 25km UNESCO World Heritage Site
Tarragona Gayá aqueduct Spain
Tébessa ? Tunisia Yes ?
Termini Imerese aquaduct.jpg Termini Imerese Aquae Corneliae Italy ?
Terracina ? Italy ?
Tiermes ? Spain ?
Toledo ? Spain ?
Turin ? Italy ? ?
Os Bañals (Uncastiello, Zinco Billas, Aragón), Pilastras d'o acueducto román.jpg Uncastillo acueducto de Los Banales Spain ?
Vaison ? France ? ?
Valencia de Alcántara ? Spain ?
Venafro ? Italy ?
Vienne ? France ? ?
Viterbo ? Italy ? ?
Volubilis ? Morocco ? ?
? Ponte Funicchio Italy Yes ?

See also[edit]

General overview

Other Roman building structures

Other bridge lists

References[edit]

  1. ^ O’Connor 1993, p. 1
  2. ^ O’Connor 1993, p. 187
  3. ^ Galliazzo 1994, pp. 1–447 (cf. indice)
  4. ^ a b c d e f g O’Connor 1993, p. 171
  5. ^ Livius.org: Šurkutir (Shushtar)
  6. ^ Wurster & Ganzert 1978, p. 292
  7. ^ Kissel & Stoll 2000, pp. 17f.
  8. ^ Milner 1998, pp. 117f.
  9. ^ A Roman Bridge on the Aesepus, F. W. Hasluck, The Annual of the British School at Athens, Vol. 12, (1905/1906):189.
  10. ^ Galliazzo 1995, pp. 92–93
  11. ^ Warren 1991, pp. 61–63
  12. ^ Wiegand 1904, pp. 300–301, leaflet (annex)
  13. ^ Grewe & Özis 1994, p. 352
  14. ^ Galliazzo 1994, pp. 334 (No. 689)
  15. ^ Galliazzo 1994, pp. 203–204 (No. 433)
  16. ^ Galliazzo 1994, pp. 205–207 (No. 434)
  17. ^ Galliazzo 1994, pp. 207–208 (No. 435)
  18. ^ O’Connor 1993, p. 112
  19. ^ Grewe & Özis 1994, p. 350
  20. ^ Grewe & Özis 1994, pp. 350, 352
  21. ^ Galliazzo 1994, p. 215; Galliazzo 1995, p. 432
  22. ^ Hasluck 1905/06, pp. 188f.
  23. ^ a b c O’Connor 1993, p. 202
  24. ^ Constantine's Bridge at Structurae
  25. ^ Cornelius Fuscus's Bridge at Structurae
  26. ^ Bauer 2004, pp. 83f.
  27. ^ Procopius: De Aedificiis, 5.3.8-11
  28. ^ Döring 2007, pp. 24–35
  29. ^ Döring 1998, pp. 127–134
  30. ^ a b Note that Anio Novus and Claudia shared about 10 km of their aqueduct bridge mileage (O’Connor 1993, p. 151).
  31. ^ a b c d e f g O’Connor 1993, p. 151
  32. ^ a b c Note that Marcia, Julia and Tepula shared about 9 km of their aqueduct bridge mileage (O’Connor 1993, p. 151).

Sources[edit]

Main source

  • O’Connor, Colin (1993), Roman Bridges, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-39326-4 

Other sources

  • Bauer, Sibylle (2004), "Die älteste Steinbrücke am Rhein – stand sie in Mainz? Neuer Holzfund als Indiz für einen frührömischen Brückenschlag", Antike Welt 35 (3): 83–84 
  • Döring, Mathias (1998), "Die römische Wasserleitung von Pondel (Aostatal)", Antike Welt 29 (2): 127–134 
  • Döring, Mathias (2007), "Wasser für Gadara. 94 km langer Tunnel antiker Tunnel im Norden Jordaniens entdeckt", Querschnitt 21: 24–35 
  • Galliazzo, Vittorio (1994), I ponti romani. Catalogo generale, Vol. 2, Treviso: Edizioni Canova, ISBN 88-85066-66-6 
  • Galliazzo, Vittorio (1995), I ponti romani, Vol. 1, Treviso: Edizioni Canova, ISBN 88-85066-66-6 
  • Grewe, Klaus; Özis, Ünal (1994), "Die antiken Flußüberbauungen von Pergamon und Nysa (Türkei)", Antike Welt 25 (4): 348–352 
  • Hasluck, Frederick William (1905/06), "A Roman Bridge on the Aesepus", The Annual of the British School at Athens 12: 184–189 
  • Kissel, Theodor; Stoll, Oliver (2000), "Die Brücke bei Nimreh. Ein Zeugnis römischer Verkehrspolitik im Hauran, Syrien", Antike Welt 31 (2): 109–125 
  • Milner, N. P. (1998), "A Roman Bridge at Oinoanda", Anatolian Studies 48: 117–123, doi:10.2307/3643051, JSTOR 3643051 
  • Warren, John (1991), "Creswell's Use of the Theory of Dating by the Acuteness of the Pointed Arches in Early Muslim Architecture", Muqarnas 8: 59–65, doi:10.2307/1523154, JSTOR 1523154 
  • Wiegand, Theodor (1904), "Reisen in Mysien", Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Athenische Abteilung 29: 254–339 (300–301) 
  • Wurster, Wolfgang W.; Ganzert, Joachim (1978), "Eine Brücke bei Limyra in Lykien. Anhang: Reste einer Brücke oberhalb von Kemer am Oberlauf des Xanthos", Archäologischer Anzeiger (Berlin: German Archaeological Institute): 304–307, ISSN 0003-8105 

Further reading[edit]

  • Fernández Casado, C.: Historia del puente en España. Puentes Romanos, Instituto Eduardo Torroja, Madrid 1980

External links[edit]