List of Roman place names in Britain

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Roman Britain. Map from 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica

A partial list of Roman place names in Great Britain.

This list includes only names documented from Roman times. For a more complete list including later Latin names, see List of Latin place names in Britain.

The early sources for Roman names show numerous variants and misspellings of the Latin names. Moreover one of the principal authorities, Ptolemy, wrote in Greek so names that he records need to be transliterated back into Latin to reveal the original form.

Note that in general only one source is shown below for each name, although many of the names are recorded in more than one of the sources.

Country names[edit]

Roman name Modern name Source
Britannia Great Britain Tacitus
Caledonia Scotland Tacitus
Hibernia Ireland  

City/Town names[edit]

Roman name Modern name Source
Ad Pontes Staines-upon-Thames
Anavio Brough-on-Noe, Hope Valley, Derbyshire (See also Navio)
Aquae Arnemetiae Buxton, Derbyshire
Aquae Sulis Bath
Ardotalia Gamesley, Glossop, Derbyshire
Bannaventa Norton, near Daventry, Northamptonshire
Caesaromagus Chelmsford, Essex AI
Calcaria Tadcaster, North Yorkshire AI
Calleva Atrebatum Silchester AI
Camulodunum Colchester Ravenna
Caromago Cramond, Edinburgh Ravenna
Clausentum Bitterne, Hampshire
Clotagenium Old Kilpatrick, Glasgow Ravenna
Concangis Chester-le-Street, County Durham
Condate Northwich, Cheshire AI
Corinium Dobunnorum Cirencester
Coria Corbridge
Curia Traprain Law Ptolemy
Danum Doncaster
Deva Chester
Dubris Dover AI
Durnovaria Dorchester
Durocobrivis Dunstable
Durocornovium Swindon
Durolipons Cambridge
Durolitum Little London, Essex
Durovernum Cantiacorum Canterbury
Durovigutum Godmanchester
Eboracum York Ptolemy
Evidensca East Lothian Ravenna
Garrianonum Burgh Castle
Glevum Colonia Gloucester
Hortonium Halifax
Isca Dumnoniorum Exeter AI
Isca Augusta Caerleon
Lactodorum Towcester
Lagentium Castleford
Leodis Leeds
Letocetum Wall, Staffordshire
Lindinis Ilchester
Lindum Colonia Lincoln
Londinium London Ptolemy, AI
Luentinum Pumsaint/Dolaucothi Ptolemy
Luguvalium Carlisle
Lutonium Luton
Maromago Midlothian Ravenna
Mamucium Manchester
Mediolanum Whitchurch, Shropshire
Moridunum Carmarthen Ptolemy
Navio See Anavio
Noviomagus Reginorum Chichester
Noviomagus Cantiacorum Crayford
Olicana Ilkley Ptolemy
Portus Felix Filey
Portus Lemanis Lympne
Praesidium/Praetorium Bridlington
Ratae Corieltauvorum Leicester
Regulbium Reculver
Rutupiae Richborough
Salinae Middlewich
Segontium Caernarfon
Sulloniacis Edgware, Greater London AI
Trimontium Newstead, Scottish Borders Ptolemy
Vagniacea Springhead, Kent
Vectis Isle of Wight
Venta Belgarum Winchester AI
Venta Silurum Caerwent, Monmouthshire
Verulamium St Albans Tacitus
Vinovia Binchester, Durham Ptolemy
Viroconium Cornoviorum Wroxeter, Shropshire
Vindolanda Chesterholme

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. Tacitus (Cornelius Tacitus), Britannia.
  2. AI: Antonine Itinerary
  3. Ravenna Cosmography (Ravennatis Anonymi Cosmographia)
  4. Ptolemy (Claudius Ptolemaeus), Geographiaacaveluber.

References[edit]

  1. A.L.F. Rivet and Colin Smith, The place-names of Roman Britain. London, 1979 (reprinted by Book Club Associates, 1981).

External links[edit]