List of Romanian counties by foreign trade

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Bucharest and Ilfov County account for 19% of exports and 40% of imports in Romania.

There are 42 first-level administrative divisions in Romania (41 counties and one municipality) that are listed below in order of their total international trade in 2008 (Ilfov County and Bucharest are listed together). The figures in the table are represented for exports and imports. The figures are given in millions of United States dollars.[1] Romania's exports totalled US$ 41.67 billion and imports totalled US$ 66.78 billion in 2008.[2]

The Ilfov County and the national capital Bucharest together are the country's top exporter and account for around 19% of the total exports. They are also the largest importer in the country accounting to nearly 40% of total imports.[3] The next two important foreign trade counties are Argeş and Timiş which represent 16.7% of exports and 10.3% of imports, both counties having a production based economy. The economy of Timiş County is mostly based on automotive parts, telecommunications, electronics and consumer goods with large companies having production facilities in the region such as Continental AG, Dräxlmaier Group, Alcatel-Lucent, Solectron, Philips, Delphi Corporation, Siemens, Smithfield Foods, Nestlé or Procter & Gamble.[4][5] The economy of Argeş County is mostly based upon automobile manufacturing, oil processing and electrical equipment production with important companies like Automobile Dacia, Petrom (Arpechim Refinery) and Ana Imep.[6] The Automobile Dacia company is the main exporter from Romania with a market share of 10% of total exports.[7]

Constanţa County represents an important part of the Romanian economy due to the Cernavodă Nuclear Power Plant which generates 18% of the total electricity output of the country[8] and the Port of Constanţa, one of the largest ports in Europe, which is used for exporting and importing goods.[9] Other important activities include oil and natural gas extraction (the county accounts for 10.3% of oil and 2% of natural gas production in Romania), oil processing (Petromidia Refinery), cement production (large cement factory operated by Lafarge), vegetable oil production and ship production and repair in the most important shipyards in Romania the Constanţa Shipyard and Daewoo Mangalia Heavy Industries.[10][11][12] The Petromidia Refinery has a market share of 4% of total exports.[13] The Galaţi County has an economy mostly based upon the ArcelorMittal steel mill with a capacity of 5 million tonnes and that represents 3.8% of Romania's exports.[14] The Olt County is an important metallurgy region with the Alro Slatina company producing 288,000 tonnes of aluminium in 2008 making it the largest aluminium smelter in Central and Eastern Europe (excluding CIS).[15] Other important manufacturing counties include Bihor,[16] Mureş,[17] Satu Mare,[18] Hunedoara,[19] Dolj, and Dâmboviţa.

Counties[edit]

County Map Exports
(US$ mil)
Percent of
total exports
Imports
(US$ mil)
Percent of
total imports
Notes
Bucharest and Ilfov visual representation of a country's map $8,001.2 19.2% $26,557.8 39.8% [20]
Timiş visual representation of a country's map $3,601.9 8.8% $4,004.8 6.0% [21]
Argeş visual representation of a country's map $3,307.1 8.0% $2,885.9 4.3% [22]
Constanţa visual representation of a country's map $2,610.5 6.3% $4,068.1 6.1% [23]
Galaţi visual representation of a country's map $1,924.8 4.7% $2,221.5 3.3% [24]
Arad visual representation of a country's map $1,847.9 4.5% $1,850.7 2.8% [25]
Prahova visual representation of a country's map $1,743.1 4.2% $2,550.8 3.8% [26]
Olt visual representation of a country's map $1,648.9 4.0% $685.9 1.0% [27]
Sibiu visual representation of a country's map $1,634.6 3.9% $3,390.5 5.1% [28]
Braşov visual representation of a country's map $1,574.2 3.8% $2,085.7 3.1% [29]
Bihor visual representation of a country's map $1,226.2 3.0% $1,734.6 2.6% [30]
Cluj visual representation of a country's map $1,066.1 2.6% $2,666.8 4.0% [31]
Mureş visual representation of a country's map $903.5 2.2% $1,001.6 1.5% [32]
Satu Mare visual representation of a country's map $817.8 2.0% $992.1 1.5% [33]
Vâlcea visual representation of a country's map $776.7 1.9% $449.1 0.7% [34]
Maramureş visual representation of a country's map $751.7 1.8% $691.5 1.0% [35]
Hunedoara visual representation of a country's map $669.7 1.6% $598.6 0.9% [36]
Alba visual representation of a country's map $643.6 1.5% $471.7 0.7% [37]
Bacău visual representation of a country's map $560.9 1.4% $575.8 0.9% [38]
Dolj visual representation of a country's map $535.3 1.3% $665.9 1.0% [39]
Bistriţa-Năsăud visual representation of a country's map $518.5 1.2% $457.9 0.7% [40]
Neamţ visual representation of a country's map $464.5 1.1% $519.7 0.8% [41]
Dâmboviţa visual representation of a country's map $446.3 1.1% $529.8 0.8% [42]
Iaşi visual representation of a country's map $415.7 1.0% $738.7 1.1% [43]
Buzău visual representation of a country's map $355.6 0.9% $467.8 0.7% [44]
Brăila visual representation of a country's map $354.9 0.9% $298.3 0.4% [45]
Călăraşi visual representation of a country's map $347.1 0.8% $257.7 0.4% [46]
Sălaj visual representation of a country's map $346.3 0.8% $456.2 0.7% [47]
Tulcea visual representation of a country's map $332.1 0.8% $262.1 0.4% [48]
Harghita visual representation of a country's map $293.7 0.7% $514.6 0.8% [49]
Covasna visual representation of a country's map $288.4 0.7% $415.3 0.6% [50]
Mehedinţi visual representation of a country's map $217.7 0.5% $139.4 0.2% [51]
Botoşani visual representation of a country's map $215.5 0.5% $170.4 0.3% [52]
Vaslui visual representation of a country's map $207.2 0.5% $146.9 0.2% [53]
Teleorman visual representation of a country's map $195.1 0.5% $106.1 0.2% [54]
Vrancea visual representation of a country's map $184.1 0.4% $184.1 0.3% [55]
Suceava visual representation of a country's map $180.2 0.4% $299.8 0.5% [56]
Ialomiţa visual representation of a country's map $155.7 0.3% $169.1 0.3% [57]
Caraş-Severin visual representation of a country's map $150.7 0.3% $143.5 0.2% [58]
Giurgiu visual representation of a country's map $106.3 0.2% $286.1 0.4% [59]
Gorj visual representation of a country's map $47.6 0.1% $67.5 0.1% [60]
Total $41,668.9 100% $66,780 100%

Development regions[edit]

Romanian counties are grouped into development regions for the purpose of statistics:

County Exports
(US$ mil)
Percent of
total exports
Imports
(US$ mil)
Percent of
total imports
Bucharest-Ilfov $8,001.2 19.2% $26,557.8 39.8%
Sud-Muntenia $6,300,7 15.1% $6,785.5 10.2%
Vest $6,270.2 15.0% $6,597.6 9.9%
Sud-Est $5,762 13.8% $7,501.9 11.2%
Centru $5,338 12.8% $7.879.4 11.8%
Nord-Vest $4,726.6 11.3% $6,999.1 10.5%
Sud-Vest Oltenia $3,226.2 7.7% $2,007.8 3.0%
Nord-Est $2,044 5.1% $2,451.3 3.6%

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Principalii indicatori economico-sociali, pe judetele Romaniei, in Iunie 2009" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  2. ^ "Exporturile Romaniei au crescut in 2008 cu 13,8%, iar importurile cu 9,4%". Wall Street (in Romanian). 2009-02-10. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  3. ^ "Regiunea Bucureşti - Ilfov, singura cu şanse de a prinde din urmă UE" (in Romanian). infonews.ro. 2007-01-26. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  4. ^ "Producatorii germani de componente auto au schimbat economia din vestul tarii". Ziarul Financiar (in Romanian). 2006-10-03. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  5. ^ "Economia judetului" (in Romanian). cjtimis.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  6. ^ "Date sintetice" (in Romanian). cjarges.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  7. ^ "Jos Palaria pentru cel mai mare exportator roman - uzinele Dacia!" (in Romanian). PRO TV. 2009-07-28. Retrieved 2009-09-04. 
  8. ^ "Reactorul 2 de la Cernavoda a ajuns la capacitate maxima" (in Romanian). hotnews.ro. 2007-09-12. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  9. ^ "Portul Constanta, pe locul 9 in Europa la traficul de marfa" (in Romanian). www.newschannel.ro. 2007-07-12. 
  10. ^ "Potential economic" (in Romanian). cjc.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  11. ^ "Daewoo-Mangalia Heavy Industries". dmhi.ct.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  12. ^ "Santierul Naval Constanta trece pe profit dupa cinci ani de pierderi". Business Standard (in Romanian). 2007-07-17. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  13. ^ "Petromidia - amenintata de finante cu executarea silita". Adevarul (in Romanian). 2003-05-07. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  14. ^ "2% din PIB-ul Romaniei a ramas fara director general". Ziarul Financiar (in Romanian). 2009-06-01. Retrieved 2009-09-04. 
  15. ^ "Welcome to Alro S.A.". alro.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  16. ^ "Oradea, in plan de reindustrializare". Realitatea Bihoreana (in Romanian). 2009-02-17. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  17. ^ "Clasament judetean" (in Romanian). cciams.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  18. ^ "Prezentare" (in Romanian). cjsm.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  19. ^ "Carpatcement arde la fabrica din Deva 80 de tone de cauciucuri uzate pe zi" (in Romanian). stiri.kappa.ro. 2004-06-22. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  20. ^ "Bucuresti+Ilfov" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  21. ^ "Timiş" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  22. ^ "Argeş" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  23. ^ "Constanţa" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  24. ^ "Galaţi" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  25. ^ "Arad" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  26. ^ "Prahova" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  27. ^ "Olt" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  28. ^ "Sibiu" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  29. ^ "Braşov" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  30. ^ "Bihor" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  31. ^ "Cluj" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  32. ^ "Mureş" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  33. ^ "Satu Mare" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  34. ^ "Vâlcea" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  35. ^ "Maramureş" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  36. ^ "Hunedoara" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  37. ^ "Alba" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  38. ^ "Bacău" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  39. ^ "Dolj" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  40. ^ "Bistriţa-Năsăud" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  41. ^ "Neamţ" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  42. ^ "Dâmboviţa" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  43. ^ "Iaşi" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  44. ^ "Buzău" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  45. ^ "Brăila" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  46. ^ "Călăraşi" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  47. ^ "Sălaj" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  48. ^ "Tulcea" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  49. ^ "Harghita" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  50. ^ "Covasna" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  51. ^ "Mehedinţi" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  52. ^ "Botoşani" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  53. ^ "Vaslui" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  54. ^ "Teleorman" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  55. ^ "Vrancea" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  56. ^ "Suceava" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  57. ^ "Ialomiţa" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  58. ^ "Caraş-Severin" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  59. ^ "Giurgiu" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  60. ^ "Gorj" (in Romanian). insse.ro. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 

External links[edit]