An alphabetical list of significant
composers who were born in Russia or worked there for a significant time.
The Five [ edit ]
The Five, also known as "The Mighty Handful", a circle of influential Russian musical nationalists, during the Romantic period in music:
Other Russian composers [ edit ]
Alexander Abramsky (1898–1985), composer, most well known work is his piano concerto which premiered in 1941.
Joseph Yulyevich Achron (1886–1943), was a composer of Jewish origin. He later settled in USA. His most famous work is the "Hebrew Melody" for violin and orchestra.
Iosif Andriasov (1933–2000), Moscow born, Armenian composer of three symphonies, who rejected the Lenin Prize by stating: "By accepting a reward from criminals, one becomes an accomplice to the criminals." Emigrated to the US in 1979.
Anton Arensky (1861–1906), Piano Trio No. 1 in D minor, Op. 32, is his most famous work.
Alexander Arkhangelsky (1846–1924), composer of church music and conductor.
Sasha Argov (1914–95), Russian-born Israeli composer
Nikolai Artsybushev (1858-1937), composer and music publisher
Lera Auerbach (born 1973) 21st-century composer of opera, ballet, symphonic works and chamber music.
Revol Samoilovich Bunin (1924–1976), was a student of Shostakovich, he went on to compose 9 symphonies and several concertos.
Georgy Catoire (1861–1926), was a Russian composer of French heritage.
Yury G. Chernavsky (born 1947), 20th- and 21st-century composer, works in Russia, West Europe and US (Hollywood), writes music mostly in R&B, Pop and Rock music styles
Pavel Chesnokov (1877–1944), choral composer and conductor. He composed over five hundred choral works.
Alexander Dargomyzhsky (1813–1869).
Edison Denisov (1929–1996) was a Russian composer of so-called "Underground" — "Anti-Collectivist", "alternative" or "nonconformist" works in the Soviet music.
Leonid Desyatnikov (born 1955), notable composer of opera and film scores.
Victor Ewald (1860–1935), composer of four famous brass quintets.
Ossip Gabrilowitsch (1878–1936), Russian composer of Jewish background who lived many years in the United States, famous for piano miniatures such as the "Caprice Burlesque".
German Galynin (1922-1966), studied under Dmitri Shostakovich and Nikolai Myaskovsky.
Valery Gavrilin (1939–1999) 20th-century composer of chamber, vocal, choral and ballet music.
Michael L. Geller (1937–2007), 20th- and 21st-century composer and viola player, lived and worked in Russia, The Netherlands and Israel
Alexander Glazunov (1865–1936), late Romantic composer influenced by Johannes Brahms, Richard Wagner and Franz Liszt, one of the few composers ever to write a saxophone concerto
Reinhold Glière (1875–1956), composer who wrote pieces in a romantic style well into the 20th century
Mikhail Glinka (1804–1857), one of the first significant Russian composers
Alexander Gedike (1877–1957), composer and pianist, won the Rubinstein Prize for Composition at the young age of 23.
Nicolai Golovanov (1891–1951), also a foremost conductor
Alexander Gretchaninov (1864–1956), late Romantic, student of Rimsky-Korsakov, member of the "new Russian choral school"
Sofia Gubaidulina (born 1931), Russian composer of half Tartar ethnicity.
Alexander Ilyinsky (1859–1919), composer known for the opera , orchestral suites, and a symphony The Fountain of Bakhchisaray
Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov (1859–1935), Romantic composer, noted for his orchestral suite Caucasian Sketches
Dmitry Kabalevsky (1904–1987), 20th-century composer
Vasily Kalinnikov (1866–1901), Romantic composer who lived a short life due to illness. Most famous for his first symphony.
Nikolai Kapustin (born 1937), 20th-century composer and pianist, who uses jazz idioms set amid formal classical structures in his compositions.
Yakov Kazyansky (born 1948), 20th- and 21st-century composer, writes mostly theatrical music and jazz
Aram Khachaturian (1903-1978), composer of " Sabre Dance". His music is often used in TV and movie soundtracks.
Yuri Khanon (born 1965), 20th- and 21st-century composer-ideologist of opera, ballet, symphonic works and chamber music, laureate of the European Film Awards (1988)
Anatoli Komarowski ( ) (1909–1955) de
Alexander Kopylov (1854–1911), composer of four quartets, a symphony, also a member of the Belyayev circle
Yevgeny Kostitsyn (born 1963), 21st-century composer, originator of synchronous and Cubist music
Andrei Krylov (born 1961), 20th and 21st-century composer, wrote mostly works for classical guitar, flute and keyboards
Boris Ledkovsky (1894—1975), Russian-American composer of Church music
Aleksandr Lokshin (1920 – 1987), 20th-century composer, wrote eleven symphonies and other symphonic works such as "Les Fleurs du Mal" (1939, on Baudelaire's poems)
Dmitry Lubensky (born 1979), 21st-century composer of film scores and cartoons
Anatoly Lyadov (1855–1914), known for , The Enchanted Lake , and the Baba Yaga . Eight Russian Folksongs
Sergei Lyapunov (1859–1924), composer and pianist, member of the Belyayev circle.
Vladimir Martynov (born 1946), 20th- and 21st-century composer
Nikolai Medtner (1880–1951), 20th-century composer and pianist
Alexander Mosolov (1900–1973), avant-garde composer of the early Soviet era, best known for Iron Foundry from the ballet "Steel".
Nikolai Myaskovsky (1881–1950), 20th-century composer and teacher of Polish birth, composer of 27 symphonies, 13 string quartets and other works
Vyacheslav Nagovitsin (born 1939), 20th-century composer and violinist, works in Russia.
Nikolai Obukhov (1892–1954) known for his religious mysticism and electronic instrument, the ; worked mainly in France. croix sonore
Alla Pavlova (born 1952), 20th- and 21st-century composer. Recognized mostly for her symphonic compositions.
Gavriil Popov (1904–1972), was a Soviet Russian composer of modernist bent who ran afoul of Soviet authorities.
Sergei Prokofiev (1891–1953), 20th century neoclassical composer, known for his symphonies (particularly #1 "Classical Symphony and #5), ballets, five piano concertos and six operas. Two of his best known pieces are and Peter and the Wolf . Romeo and Juliet
Sergei Rachmaninoff (1873–1943), late Romantic virtuoso pianist and composer, known for and four popular piano concertos Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini
Vladimir Rebikov (1866–1920), late Romantic 20th-century composer and pianist.
Nikolai Roslavets (1881–1944), was a convinced modernist and cosmopolitan thinker; his music was officially suppressed from 1930 onwards.
Anton Rubinstein (1829–1894), pianist, composer and conductor. As a pianist he was regarded as a rival of Franz Liszt. Particularly known for his piano music.
Adrian Schaposhnikov (1888–1967), 20th-century composer.
Alexander Scriabin (1872–1915), Romantic, known for his harmonically adventurous piano sonatas and theatrical orchestral works
Julian Scriabin (1908–1919), son of Alexander Scriabin and a composer himself. Drowned at the young age of 11.
Yuri Shaporin (1887-1966)
Rodion Shchedrin (b. December 16, 1932), the chairman of the Union of Russian Composers from 1973 until 1990, best known for his Concerto for Orchestra No. 1 "Naughty Limericks".
Vladimir Shcherbachov (1889–1952)
Alfred Schnittke (1934–1998) composer, wrote 9 symphonies, 6 Concerto Grosso, 4 Violin Concertos, and many other works in various genres.
Dmitri Shostakovich (1906–1975), 20th-century composer, wrote fifteen symphonies and is especially noted for his fifth symphony.
Nikolay Sokolov (1859–1922), composer of chamber and choral music, member of the Belyayev circle
Maximilian Steinberg (1883–1946), 20th-century composer and pedagogue, born in what is now Lithuania
Igor Stravinsky (1882–1971), 20th century primitivist, neoclassical and jazz composer, known for his early ballet The Rite of Spring
Georgy Sviridov (1915–1998), a 20th-century neoromantic composer of mostly vocal and choral music, most famous for his orchestral suite 'The Snowstorm'.
Alexander Taneyev (1850–1918), Romantic era nationalist composer.
Sergei Taneyev (1856–1915), Romantic composer, oriented towards classical forms and the central European tradition
Boris Tchaikovsky (1925–1996), part of the second generation of Russian composers, following in the steps of Pyotr Tchaikovsky (to whom he was not related).
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840–1893), influential Romantic composer, famous for his ballets ( , The Nutcracker ), his Swan Lake , Romeo and Juliet Overture–Fantasy and his later symphonies (#4 – #6) 1812 Overture
Alexander Tcherepnin (1899–1977), composer and pianist, invented his own harmonic languages, including the "Tcherepnin scale".
Nikolai Nikolayevich Tcherepnin (1873–1945), father of Alexander Tcherepnin, he wrote in an exotically spiced late Romantic idiom, most famous for his ballets 'Narcissus and Echo' and 'The Pavilion of Armide'.*
Galina Ustvolskaya (1919–2006) Soviet avant-garde composer, Shostakovich's most notable student.
Vladimir Vavilov (1925–1973) guitarist, lutenist and composer of the famous "Ave Maria" which he falsely attributed to Giulio Caccini.
Alexander Zhurbin (born 1945), 20th- and 21st-century composer, primarily of musical theatre, film, popular song, and symphonic works.
See also [ edit ]