List of Russian military bases abroad

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Russia has military bases and military objects in foreign countries, especially on the territory of the former Soviet Republics (in Armenia, Tajikistan, Georgian disputed regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Transnistria). Currently, Russia has about 20,000 troops abroad.

Following the break up of the Soviet Union many of the early warning radar stations ended up in former Soviet republics. Some, such as the radars at Skrunda-1 in Latvia and Dnepr radars in Ukraine are no longer part of the Russian early warning network. Others such as the radars in Belarus and Kazakhstan are rented by Russia.[1] In 2013 Gabala radar station transmitted to Azerbaijan[2] and all the equipment dismantled and transported to Russia.[3]


Country Type of presence Troop strength
Abkhazia Base on the site of the former Bombora airfield, near Gudauta (7th Military Base)[4] Georgia and a significant part of the international community consider Abkhazia to be occupied by Russian military. up to 4,000[4]
Armenia Air base in Yerevan, military base in Gyumri (102nd Military Base)[5] 3,214[5] or 5,000 according to another source.[6]
Belarus Volga-type radar station near Hantsavichy and Baranovichi (operational since 2002).[1][7]Naval communication center near Vileyka.[5] 850
Kazakhstan Dnepr radar station in at Balkhash-9 near Lake Balkhash.[1][5][8] Sary Shagan testing grounds.[9][10] Baikonur Cosmodrome.[11][12]
Kyrgyzstan Air base in Kant,[5] naval testing station at Lake Issyk Kul[13] ca 700
South Ossetia The Russian 4th Military Base has 2 main compounds in South Ossetia: one on the northwestern outskirts of Tskhinvali and another in Java. There is also a large number of troops stationed in the Leningor District.[4] Georgia and a significant part of the international community consider South Ossetia to be occupied by Russian military. up to 3,500[4]
Syria Logistical facilities of the navy in Tartus.
Tajikistan Military bases in Dushanbe, Qurghonteppa and Kulab. Joint use of the Ayni Air Base.[5] Okno space facility near Nurak.[14] 5,500[5]
Transnistria Peacekeeping force and forces for protection of ammunition depots[5] 1,500[5]
Vietnam Logistics base in the port of Cam Ranh Bay.[15] Although military presence had been diminishing for several years, in 2013 Russia and Vietnam signed a new military cooperation agreement.[16]


  1. ^ a b c Podvig, Pavel (2002). "History and the Current Status of the Russian Early-Warning System" (pdf). Science and Global Security 10: 21–60. doi:10.1080/08929880212328. ISSN 0892-9882. 
  2. ^ Независимое военное обозрение. Габалинская РЛС теперь находится под контролем азербайджанских военных
  3. ^ Независимое военное обозрение. Габалу завлекают в турбизнес
  4. ^ a b c d Lavrov, Anton (2010). "Post-war Deployment of Russian Forces in Abkhazia and South Ossetia". In Ruslan Pukhov. The Tanks of August. Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies. ISBN 978-5-9902320-1-3. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Klein, Margarete (2009-10-12). "Russia's military capabilities". Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik. 
  6. ^ "Medvedev Secures Long-Term Foothold in Armenia". The Moscow Times. 2010-08-23. Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
  7. ^ Heurlin, Beurtel (2005-08-24). Missile Defence: International, Regional and National Implications. Routledge. pp. 84–111. ISBN 9780415361200. 
  8. ^ ""Днепр" на Балхаше" ["Dnepr" in Balkhash] (in Russian). Novosti Kosmonavtiki. July 2009. Archived from the original on 2010-11-09. Retrieved 2012-01-27. 
  9. ^ "Encyclopedia Astronautica - "Sary Shagan"". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  10. ^ O'Connor, Sean (2009). "Russian/Soviet Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems". Air Power Australia. Retrieved 2012-01-07. 
  12. ^ "Kazakhstan Finally Ratifies Baikonur Rental Deal With Russia". April 12, 2010. 
  13. ^ RFE/RL NEWSLINE Vol. 12, No. 51, Part I, 14 March 2008 and Kommersant-Vlast, 'Vys Rossiya Armia', 2005
  14. ^ "Sourcebook on the Okno (в/ч 52168), Krona (в/ч 20096) and Krona-N (в/ч 20776) Space Surveillance Sites". Federation of American Scientists. 2008-12-30. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  15. ^
  16. ^ Russia–Vietnam relations

See also[edit]