List of Russian military bases abroad

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Russia has or had military bases and military objects in foreign countries, mostly on the territory of the former Soviet Republics, called "near abroad" in Russian political parlance.

Following the break up of the Soviet Union many of the early warning radar stations ended up in former Soviet republics. Some, such as the radars at Skrunda-1 in Latvia and Dnepr radars in Ukraine are no longer part of the Russian early warning network. Others such as the radars in Belarus and Kazakhstan are rented by Russia.[1]

In 2003, Kommersant newspaper published a map of the Russian military presence abroad.[2]

Some of the bases are located in disputed territories not recognized internationally; they are listed in the form such as "Abkhazia of Georgia".

Country Type Number
Azerbaijan (Formerly) Gabala Radar Station was rented until 2012. In 2013 the Gabala radar station building was transferred to Azerbaijan,[3] but the equipment was dismantled and transported back to Russia.[4] Up to 1,400 personnel.
Abkhazia of Georgia On the site of the former Bombora airfield, near Gudauta (7th Military Base).[5] Up to 3,500 personnel.
Armenia Air base in Yerevan, military base in Gyumri (102nd Military Base) 3,214[6] or 5,000 personnel according to another source.[7]
Belarus Volga-type radar station near Hantsavichy and Baranovichi (operational since 2002).[8][9] Naval communication center near Vileyka.[6] Jets deployment at the 61st air base in Baranovichi.[10] 1,500 personnel.
Cuba (Formerly) Lourdes SIGINT Station was closed in 2002. In July 2014, after Putin's visit to Cuba, there were rumors about about its reactivation,[11] quickly officially denied.[12]
Georgia (Formerly) In 1995 a Russia-Georgia 25 year agreement was signed for military base rental. Due to the political changes eventually the Russian bases were liquidated by 2007,[13] with the exception of the breakaway territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, listed here as separate items.
Kazakhstan Dnepr radar station in at Balkhash-9 near Lake Balkhash.[6] Sary Shagan testing grounds.[14] Baikonur Cosmodrome,[15][16] A regiment of the transport aviation (Kostanay)
Kyrgyzstan Russian military presence at Kant Air Base, the 338th Russian Navy's long-haul communications center, anti-submarine torpedo weapons testing grounds (Karakol, Issyk Kul)
South Ossetia of Georgia The Russian 4th Military Base has 2 main compounds in South Ossetia: one on the northwestern outskirts of Tskhinvali and another in Java.[5] There is also a large number of troops stationed in the Leningor District.[5] Up to 4,000 personnel.
Syria Naval facility in Tartus
Tajikistan 201st Russian Military Base present in Dushanbe, Kulob and Qurghonteppa. 7,500 personnel.
Transnistria of Moldova Operational group in Transnistria, consisting of staff, separate maneuver brigades, anti-aircraft missile regiment, independent regiment and air group. Up to 1,500 personnel.
Uzbekistan (Formerly) During 2006-2012, when Uzbekistan was part of the Collective Security Treaty Organization, Russian troops had access to the Karshi-Khanabad Air Base for operative deployment in Central Asia
Vietnam Logistics base in the port of Cam Ranh Bay. Although military presence had been diminishing for several years, in 2013 Russia and Vietnam signed a new military cooperation agreement, see Russia–Vietnam relations.


  1. ^ Podvig, Pavel (2002). "History and the Current Status of the Russian Early-Warning System" (PDF). Science and Global Security 10: 21–60. doi:10.1080/08929880212328. ISSN 0892-9882. 
  2. ^ "Российские войска за рубежом" [Russian forces abroad]. 18 March 2003. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  3. ^ "Габалинская РЛС теперь находится под контролем азербайджанских военных". 
  4. ^ "Габалу завлекают в турбизнес" [Gabala lures in the tourist industry]. 9 October 2013. Archived from the original on 10 October 2013. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c Lavrov, Anton (2010). "Post-war Deployment of Russian Forces in Abkhazia and South Ossetia". In Ruslan Pukhov. The Tanks of August. Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies. ISBN 978-5-9902320-1-3. 
  6. ^ a b c Klein, Margarete (2009-10-12). "Russia's military capabilities". Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik. 
  7. ^ "Medvedev Secures Long-Term Foothold in Armenia". The Moscow Times. 23 August 2010. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  8. ^ "Днепр" на Балхаше ["Dnepr" in Balkhash] (in Russian). Novosti Kosmonavtiki. 4 July 2009. Archived from the original on 9 November 2010. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  9. ^ Heurlin, Beurtel (24 August 2005). Missile Defence: International, Regional and National Implications. Routledge. pp. 84–111. ISBN 9780415361200. 
  10. ^ [1][dead link]
  11. ^ "Russia Is Reportedly Reopening Its Spy Base In Cuba". Business Insider. 16 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  12. ^ "Putin denies reopening of US-targeting listening post in Cuba". RT. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  13. ^ "Вывод российских войск из Грузии завершен досрочно" [Withdrawal of Russian troops from Georgia completed ahead of schedule]. 15 November 2007. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  14. ^ O'Connor, Sean (2009). "Russian/Soviet Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems". Air Power Australia. Retrieved 7 January 2012. 
  15. ^ "Kazcosmos chief Talgat Musabaev: Baikonur is still the core of Kazakh-Russian cooperation in space". February 2008. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. 
  16. ^ "Kazakhstan Finally Ratifies Baikonur Rental Deal With Russia". 12 April 2010. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 

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