List of Russian military bases abroad

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Countries with Russian military bases in light green, as of 2015

Russia has or had military bases and military objects in foreign countries, mostly on the territory of former Soviet republics, called "near abroad" in Russian political parlance.

Following the break up of the Soviet Union many of the early-warning radar stations ended up in former Soviet republics. Some, such as the radars at Skrunda-1 in Latvia and Dnepr radars in Ukraine are no longer part of the Russian early warning network. Others such as the radars in Belarus and Kazakhstan are rented by Russia.[1]

In 2003, Kommersant newspaper published a map of the Russian military presence abroad.[2]

List of current bases[edit]

Country Type Number
Armenia 102nd Military Base in Gyumri; Russian 3624th Air Base in Erebuni Airport near Yerevan In Gyumri: 3,214[3] or 5,000 personnel according to another source.[4]
Belarus Volga-type radar station near Hantsavichy and Baranovichi (operational since 2002).[5][6] Naval communication center near Vileyka.[3] Jets deployment at the 61st air base in Baranovichi.[7] 1,500 personnel.
Georgia
(disputed regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia)
Abkhazia: On the site of the former Bombora airfield, near Gudauta (7th Military Base).[8]
South Ossetia: The Russian 4th Military Base has 2 main compounds: one on the northwestern outskirts of Tskhinvali and another in Java.[8] There is also a large number of troops stationed in the Leningor District.[8]
Abkhazia: Up to 3,500 personnel.
South Ossetia: Up to 4,000 personnel.
Kazakhstan Dnepr radar station in at Balkhash-9 near Lake Balkhash.[3] Sary Shagan testing grounds.[9] Baikonur Cosmodrome,[10][11] A regiment of the transport aviation (Kostanay)
Kyrgyzstan Russian military presence at Kant Air Base, the 338th Russian Navy's long-haul communications center, anti-submarine torpedo weapons testing grounds (Karakol, Issyk Kul)
Moldova
(disputed territory of Transnistria)
Operational group in Transnistria, consisting of staff, separate maneuver brigades, anti-aircraft missile regiment, independent regiment and air group. Up to 1,500 personnel.
Syria Naval facility in Tartus
Tajikistan 201st Russian Military Base present in Dushanbe, Kulob and Qurghonteppa. 7,500 personnel.
Ukraine
(disputed area of Crimea)
Base of the Russian Black Sea Fleet in Sevastopol.[3] See Russia–Ukraine relations, Crimean status referendum, 2014 and Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation for further details. 26,000[3]
Vietnam Logistics base in the port of Cam Ranh Bay. Although military presence had been diminishing for several years, in 2013 Russia and Vietnam signed a new military cooperation agreement, see Russia–Vietnam relations.

List of former bases[edit]

Country Type Number
Azerbaijan Gabala Radar Station was rented until 2012. In 2013 the Gabala radar station building was transferred to Azerbaijan,[12] but the equipment was dismantled and transported back to Russia.[13] Up to 1,400 personnel.
Cuba Lourdes SIGINT Station was closed in 2002. In July 2014, after Putin's visit to Cuba, there were rumors about its reactivation,[14] quickly officially denied.[15]
Georgia In 1995, Russia and Georgia signed a 25-year agreement for rental of military bases in Vaziani, Akhalkalaki and Batumi. Due to the political changes eventually the Russian bases were liquidated by 2007,[16] with the exception of the breakaway territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, see Russia–Georgia relations.
Uzbekistan From 2006 to 2012, when Uzbekistan was part of the Collective Security Treaty Organization, Russian troops had access to the Karshi-Khanabad Air Base for operative deployment in Central Asia

References[edit]

  1. ^ Podvig, Pavel (2002). "History and the Current Status of the Russian Early-Warning System" (PDF). Science and Global Security 10: 21–60. doi:10.1080/08929880212328. ISSN 0892-9882. 
  2. ^ "Российские войска за рубежом" [Russian forces abroad]. kommersant.ru. 18 March 2003. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Klein, Margarete (2009-10-12). "Russia's military capabilities". Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik. 
  4. ^ "Medvedev Secures Long-Term Foothold in Armenia". The Moscow Times. 23 August 2010. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  5. ^ "Днепр" на Балхаше ["Dnepr" in Balkhash] (in Russian). Novosti Kosmonavtiki. 4 July 2009. Archived from the original on 9 November 2010. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  6. ^ Heurlin, Beurtel (24 August 2005). Missile Defence: International, Regional and National Implications. Routledge. pp. 84–111. ISBN 9780415361200. 
  7. ^ [1][dead link]
  8. ^ a b c Lavrov, Anton (2010). "Post-war Deployment of Russian Forces in Abkhazia and South Ossetia". In Ruslan Pukhov. The Tanks of August. Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies. ISBN 978-5-9902320-1-3. 
  9. ^ O'Connor, Sean (2009). "Russian/Soviet Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems". Air Power Australia. Retrieved 7 January 2012. 
  10. ^ "Kazcosmos chief Talgat Musabaev: Baikonur is still the core of Kazakh-Russian cooperation in space". interfax.kz. February 2008. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. 
  11. ^ "Kazakhstan Finally Ratifies Baikonur Rental Deal With Russia". spacedaily.com. 12 April 2010. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  12. ^ "Габалинская РЛС теперь находится под контролем азербайджанских военных". ng.ru. 
  13. ^ "Габалу завлекают в турбизнес" [Gabala lures in the tourist industry]. ng.ru. 9 October 2013. Archived from the original on 10 October 2013. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  14. ^ "Russia Is Reportedly Reopening Its Spy Base In Cuba". Business Insider. 16 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  15. ^ "Putin denies reopening of US-targeting listening post in Cuba". RT. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  16. ^ "Вывод российских войск из Грузии завершен досрочно" [Withdrawal of Russian troops from Georgia completed ahead of schedule]. ria.ru. 15 November 2007. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 

See also[edit]