List of Russian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film
Russia has submitted films for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film since 1992. Prior to that, Russian films were strongly represented among the films submitted by the former Soviet Union. The Foreign Language Film award is handed out annually by the U.S.-based Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue.
Each year, the Academy invites countries to submit their best films for competition, with only one film being accepted from each country. The Soviet Union had a strong record in the category, receiving a total of nine nominations between 1968–1984, including three winners – War and Peace, Dersu Uzala and Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears. Eight of the nominees, including all three winners, were produced by Russian film studios. After the breakup of the Soviet Union, films representing the Russian Federation won a further five nominations, including one Oscar win for Burnt by the Sun.
Nikita Mikhalkov has been chosen to represent Russia four times. While The Barber of Siberia was disqualified when the print did not arrive in Los Angeles in time, the other three films were all nominated for an Oscar.
The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences has invited the film industries of various countries to submit their best film for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film since 1956. The Foreign Language Film Award Committee oversees the process and reviews all the submitted films. Following this, they vote via secret ballot to determine the five nominees for the award. Below is a list of the films that have been submitted by Russia, and the Soviet Union for review by the Academy since 1968. All Soviet and Russian submissions were filmed mostly in Russian except for 1987's Georgian language Repentance.
Among the submissions were two films that sat on the shelf for several years awaiting approval from Soviet censors (1987–1988), a Japanese co-production (1975), a documentary (1981), a horror movie about vampires (2004), a Russian film dubbed into German (1999) and a slew of historical dramas.
|Film title used in nomination||Original title||Director||Result|
|Stalingrad||Сталинград||Bondarchuk, FedorFedor Bondarchuk||Not Nominated|
|White Tiger||Белый тигр||Shakhnazarov, KarenKaren Shakhnazarov||Not Nominated|
|Burnt by the Sun 2: The Citadel||Утомлённые солнцем 2: Цитадель||Mikhalkov, NikitaNikita Mikhalkov||Not Nominated|
|The Edge||Край||Uchitel, AlexeiAlexei Uchitel||Not Nominated|
|Ward No. 6||Палата №6||Gornovsky, AleksandrAleksandr Gornovsky and Karen Shakhnazarov||Not Nominated|
|Mermaid||Русалка||Melikian, AnnaAnna Melikian||Not Nominated|
|12||12||Mikhalkov, NikitaNikita Mikhalkov||Nominee|
|9th Company||9 рота||Bondarchuk, FedorFedor Bondarchuk||Not Nominated|
|The Italian||Итальянец||Kravchuk, AndreiAndrei Kravchuk||Not Nominated|
|Night Watch||Ночной дозор||Bekmambetov, TimurTimur Bekmambetov||Not Nominated|
|The Return||Возвращение||Zvyagintsev, AndreiAndrei Zvyagintsev||Not Nominated|
|House of Fools||Дом дураков||Konchalovsky, AndreiAndrei Konchalovsky||Not Nominated|
|The Romanovs: An Imperial Family||Романовы - Венценосная семья||Panfilov, GlebGleb Panfilov||Not Nominated|
|His Wife's Diary||Дневник его жены||Uchitel, AlexeiAlexei Uchitel||Not Nominated|
|Moloch||Молох||Sokurov, AlexanderAlexander Sokurov||Not Nominated|
|The Barber of Siberia ||Сибирский цирюльник||Mikhalkov, NikitaNikita Mikhalkov||Disqualifed|
|The Thief||Вор||Chukhrai, PavelPavel Chukhrai||Nominee|
|Prisoner of the Mountains||Кавказский пленник||Bodrov, SergeiSergei Bodrov||Nominee|
|The Moslem||Мусульманин||Khotinenko, VladimirVladimir Khotinenko||Not Nominated|
|Burnt by the Sun||Утомлённые солнцем||Mikhalkov, NikitaNikita Mikhalkov||Won Academy Award|
|Close to Eden||Урга||Mikhalkov, NikitaNikita Mikhalkov||Nominee|
During Soviet times, all the constituent republics were joined as one nation, and it was routine for productions to have cast and crew from throughout the country. However, each republic had its own film studios, and the "Republic of Production" indicates the republic of the film studio that produced the film.
- Cinema of Russia
- Cinema of the Soviet Union
- List of Academy Award winners and nominees for Best Foreign Language Film
- "Rule Thirteen: Special Rules for the Foreign Language Film Award". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 2013-08-26.
- "Foreign Language Film Facts". Academy Award Statistics. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. last updated in March 2007. Retrieved 2008-02-15.
- "Russia Nominates WWII Movie ‘Stalingrad’ for Oscars". RIA. Retrieved 2013-09-21.
- "Karen Shakhnazarov’s “White Tiger”nominated for Oscar". PanArmenian (PanArmenian). 20 September 2012. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
- "63 Countries Vie for 2011 Foreign Language Film Oscar". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-10-14.
- "9 Foreign Language Films Continue to Oscar Race". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-01-19.
- Disqualified when a print didn't arrive in Los Angeles in time
- Georgian language title