List of modern Russian small arms

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Handguns[edit]

Revolvers[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
Nagant M1895
7 shot revolver
7.62×38mmR
(7.62 mm Nagant)
1895 to present[1]
still used by some police
and security forces
A Nagant M1895 produced in 1941 by the Tula Arsenal with its 7.62×38mmR ammunition

Pistols[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
Tokarev pistol 7.62×25mm Tokarev 1930 to present
still used by some police,
militia, security forces
TT-30
TT-33 1934 issue
TT-33 1946 issue
TT
Makarov pistol 9×18mm Makarov 1951 to present
still widely used by police,
military and security forces
IZh-70, IZh-71, MP-71
commercial variants,
9×18mm Makarov, .380 ACP

PB (pistol) (9×18mm Makarov)
silent pistol with
integral suppressor

PMM (9×18mm Makarov)
modernized version

OTs-35 (9×18mm Makarov)
attaching compensator
(upgrade for regular PMs)

TKB-023 (9×18mm Makarov)
experimental variant with
polymer frame, early 1960s

Baikal-442 (9×18mm Makarov)
export sporting version

PM
PSM pistol 5.45×18mm 1973 to present
still issued to high
ranking government
officials, police, military
& security forces
IZh-75 (commercial)
Baikal-441 (.25 ACP)
PSM
GSh-18 9×19mm Parabellum 2000 to present
standard sidearm
for all branches of
Russian Armed Forces
GSh-18
MP-443 Grach
Yarygin Pistol
9×19mm Parabellum 2003 to present
standard sidearm
for all branches of
Russian police forces[2]
6P35 Yarygin (prototype)
9×19mm Parabellum

MP-446 Viking (commercial)
9×19mm Parabellum

MP-446C (sporting variant)
9×19mm Parabellum

9×21mm Gyurza

MP-443

Special purpose[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
Stechkin APS
Stechkin Automatic Pistol
select-fire machine-pistol
9×18mm Makarov 1951 to present AO-44 / APB (variant
with attaching silencer
and steel wire stock)
APS with holster-stock
SPP-1 underwater pistol 4.5×39mm 1971 to present SPP-1M (updated model)
SPP-1
PSS Silent Pistol
also called MSS "VUL"
("Wool" in English)
7.62×42mm SP-4 1983 to present
replaced all previous
noiseless pistols[3]
PSS-2 (modernized;
7.62×45mm SP-16)
PSS
NRS-2
knife / single-shot
noiseless pistol
designed to complement
the PSS[4]
7.62×42mm SP-4
1986–present NRS (initial variant;
7.62×35mm SP-3)

NR-2 (survival kit
instead of pistol)

External:
[1]

Submachine guns[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
Bizon[5]

helical magazine;

9×18mm Makarov 1996 to present
succeeded by
Vityaz-SN
Bizon-2 (improved variant):
2 (9×18mm Makarov)
2B (configuration with
attaching suppressor)
2-01 (9×19mm Parabellum)
2-02 (.380 ACP)
2-03 (integral suppressor)
2-07 (7.62×25mm Tokarev,
box magazine)
Bizon-3 (improved variant)
Bizon
Vityaz-SN[6]

closed bolt
blowback operated
Kalashnikov variant

9×19mm Parabellum 1990's to present
standard SMG
for all branches of
Russian military
and police forces[2]
Vityaz-SN
PP-2000 9×19mm Parabellum 2008 to present
standard SMG
for all branches of
police forces[2]
PP-2000

Shotguns[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
KS-23

rifled bore

23×75mm 1970's to present
succeeded by
Saiga-12
KS-23K
bullpup layout,
box magazine

KS-23M Drozd
short barrel and
detachable stock

TOZ-123
civilian variant,
4/81 (smooth-bore)

External:
[2], [3]
Saiga-12
18.5 KS-P
18.5 KS-K
12 gauge 1990's to present Saiga-20 (20 gauge)
Saiga-410 (.410)
Saiga-12S (folding stock)
Saiga-12K (17" barrel)
Vepr-12 "Molot"
Saiga-12

Rifles[edit]

Bolt-action[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
Mosin–Nagant
"3-Line Rifle"
"Mosin Rifle"
7.62×54mmR 1891 to present
still used by some
militia forces
sniper rifle commonly
used by police and
military snipers
1891 Infantry
1891 Dragoon
1891 Cossack
1891/1910
1891/1930
1891/1930 Sniper
1907 Carbine
1938 Carbine
1944 Carbine
Mosin Nagant series of rifles
SV-98 7.62×51mm NATO
7.62×54mmR
.338 Lapua Magnum
2003 to present Modernized (1)
SV-98

Semi-automatic[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
SKS / Simonov
Self-Loading Carbine
7.62×39mm 1945 to present
still used by some police &
militia forces also used as
ceremonial rifle
SKS
Dragunov sniper rifle 7.62×54mmR 1963 to present SVU (bullpup)
SVDK (9.3×64mm)
SVDS (folding stock):
590mm barrel (SVDS-D)
SVD

Automatic[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
AK-47 / AK 7.62×39mm 1949 to present
replaced by AKM
can still be found
in armories
AKS
folding stock

AK(S)N
night scope rail

Issue 1949
stamped receiver

Issue 1951
milled receiver

Issue 1954
lightened milled
receiver variant

AK-47
AKM

modernized AK-47

7.62×39mm 1959 to present
replaced by AK-74
still in use by
police and militia
forces
S-04-M, A-55
prototypes

AKMS
folding stock

AKM(S)N
night scope rail

AKM(S)L
flash suppressor
& night scope rail

RPK (machine gun)

AKM
AK-74 5.45×39mm 1974 to present
replaced by AK-74M
can still be found
in large numbers
40-P/720-P/A-017, A-3
prototypes

AKS-74 (folding stock)

AK(S)-74N
night scope rail

RPK-74 (machine gun)
AK-74
AK-74M

modernized AK-74

5.45×39mm 1991 to present
current issue
A-60/61 (prototypes)
AK-105 (carbine)
RPK-74M (machine gun)

AK-101 (5.56×45mm)
* AK-102 (carbine)
* RPK-201 (machine gun)

AK-103 (7.62×39mm)
* AK-104 (carbine)
* RPKM (machine gun)

AK-74M
AN-94 / Nikonov
Assault Rifle
5.45×39mm 1997 to present
used in limited numbers
too expensive for
general issue[7]
AN-94

Special purpose[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
APS 5.66×39mm MPS 1975 to present
APS
AS Val

silent assault rifle

9×39mm 1980's to present VSS Vintorez (sniper rifle)
AS Val (541-03).jpg
9A-91 9×39mm 1993 to present VSK-94 (sniper rifle)
A-9 (9×19mm Parabellum)
A-7.62 (7.62×25mm Tokarev)
9A-91
AK-9

carbine, sub-
sonic ammunition

9×39mm 2000's to present External:
[4]
ASh-12.7

urban assault rifle

12.7×55mm ASh-12.7 2010 to present External:
[5]
ADS

amphibious
assault rifle

5.45×39mm /
5.45×39mm PSP
2013 to present Carbine

A-91 (non-amphibious):
7.62×39mm, 5.56×45mm

ADS

Anti-materiel rifles[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
KSVK / ASVK /
6S8 / ASV Kord
12.7×108mm 1990's to present
ASVK
OSV-96

folding barrel

12.7×108mm 1990's to present V-94 (early variant)
OSV-96

Machine guns[edit]

Squad automatic weapons[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
RPK / Kalashnikov
Light Machine Gun
7.62×39mm 1959 to present
still used by police
and militia forces
AKM (assault rifle)

S-108(-M), P-55
prototypes

RPKS (folding stock)

RPK(S)N
night scope rail

RPK(S)L
flash suppressor
& night scope rail

RPKM (modernized)

RPK-203 (export variant)

RPK-204 (7.62×51mm NATO)
RPK
RPK-74 5.45×39mm 1974 to present
current issue
AK-74 (assault rifle)

RPKS-74 (folding stock)

RPK(S)-74N:
night scope rail

RPK-74M (modernized)

RPK-201 (5.56×45mm NATO)
RPK-74

General-purpose[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
PK machine gun
Kalashnikov Machine Gun
7.62×54mmR 1961 to present PKM (modernized)

PK(M)S (configuration
with mount)

PK(M)B (APC
configuration)

PKT(M) (tank variant)

Pecheneg (rifle-
caliber SAW)
PK

Heavy[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
KPV / Vladimirov
Machine Gun
14.5×114mm 1949 to present PKP (infantry variant; not
to be confused with
Pecheneg machine gun)

KPVT (vehicle-mounted)

ZPU-1 / 2 / 4 (AA mounts)
KPV
NSV Utyos / Nikitin–
Sokolov–Volkov
12.7×108mm 1971 to present
succeeded by Kord
can still be found
in large numbers
NSVT (vehicle-mounted)
Utyos-M (naval twin-mount)
NSV
Kord

can be fired
from bipod

12.7×108mm 1998 to present
Kord

Hand grenades[edit]

Fragmentation[edit]

Weapon Weight In service Variants Photo
F1 Limonka
defensive fragmentation grenade
600g 1944 to present
replaced by RGD-5
remaining stock is being
used for training
F1
RGD-5
defensive fragmentation grenade
310g 1954 to present
replaced by RGOs & RGNs
can still be found
in large numbers
RGD-5
RGO
defensive fragmentation grenade
530g 1990's to present
RGO
RGN
offensive fragmentation grenade
290g 1990's to present
RGN

Anti-tank[edit]

Weapon Weight In service Variants Photo
RKG-3

shaped charge

1070g 1950 to present
still stockpiled
succeeded by RPG-18
rocket launcher
RKG-3Ye (170mm RHA)
RKG-3YeM (220mm RHA)
RKG-3

Grenade launchers[edit]

Stand alone[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
RG-6 / 6G30 40mm caseless grenade
(VOG-25M)
1994 to present
RG-6
RGM-40 Kastet
stand alone version
of GP-30 with
telescoping stock
40mm caseless grenade
(VOG-25M)
late 1990's to present External:
[6][7]

Attached[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
Kalashnikov grenade launcher
(cup type launcher)[8]
uses special blank
cartridge to launch
standard RGD-5
hand-grenades also
launches various
riot control ammunition
mid 1950's to present External:
s:File:AK47Figure54.jpg
GP-25 Kostyor 40mm caseless grenade
(VOG-25M)
1978 to present BG-15 Mukha
initial variant
GP-30 Obuvka:
1989 issue
2000 issue
GP-30M
GP-30U Granat
(can be mounted
on foreign rifles)
GP-34 (image)
AK-74M with GP-25

Automatic Grenade Launchers[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
AGS-17 Plamya

succeeded by
AGS-30 & AGS-40

30 mm VOG-17M /
VOG-30 / GPD-30
1970's to present AGS-17M
modernized

AG-17M
naval version

AG-17A (AP-30
Plamya-A)
aircraft version
AGS-17
AGS-30 Atlant

light automatic
grenade launcher

30 mm VOG-17M /
VOG-30 / GPD-30
1995 to present TKB-722(K)
prototype
AGS-30

Rocket launchers[edit]

General purpose[edit]

Weapon Caliber Penetration In service Variants Photo
RPG-7 Anti-tank
PG-7VL “Luch”
93mm, 2.6 kg, 1977

Tandem AT
PG-7VR “Rezyume”
105mm, 4.5 kg, 1988

Thermobaric
TBG-7V “Tanin”
105mm, 4.5 kg, 1988

Fragmentation
OG-7V “Oskolok”
40mm, 2.0 kg, 1998

Outdated (AT)
PG-7V (85/2.2/61)
PG-7VM (70/2.0/69)
PG-7VS (72/2.0/72)

260 mm (V)
300 mm (VM)
400 mm (VS)
500 mm (VL)
600 mm (VR)
1961 to present
still used in large numbers
succeeded by
RPG-30 & RPG-32
RPG-7D
paratrooper

RPG-7N/DN
night vision scope

RPG-7V
improved optics

RPG-7V1/D1
updated optics
for PG-7VR and
TBG-7V

RPG-7V2/D2
universal optics

RPG-7D3
RPG-7
RPG-16 Grom (Udar)

more accurate but
less powerful than
RPG-7; was used by
paratroopers and
special forces

58.3mm 300 mm 1970 to present External:
[8], [9]
RPG-26 Aglen

(one-shot disposable launcher)

72.5mm 440 mm 1985 to present RShG-2 (combined
warhead (light))
RPG-26
RPG-27 Tavolga

(one-shot disposable launcher)

medium AT
rocket launcher

105mm 600 mm 1989 to present RShG-1 External:
[10], [11]
RPG-29 Vampir

for ranges of 500-800
metres is installed on
tripod

105mm (AT,
thermobaric)
600 mm 1989 to present
RPG-29
RPG-32 Hashim

developed
in cooperation
with Jordan

72.5 and 105mm 650 mm 2008 to present
RPG-28 Klyukva

(one-shot disposable launcher)

heavy AT
rocket launcher

125mm 900 mm 2011 to present External:
[12], [13], [14]
RPG-30 Kryuk

(one-shot disposable launcher)

105mm 600 mm 2012 to present External:
[15], [16]

Incendiary and thermobaric[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
RPO Rys
Incendiary
rocket launcher
replaced the
flamethrower in
Soviet service
122mm late 1970's to present

succeeded by
RPO-A Shmel

RPO
RPO-A Shmel

(one-shot disposable launcher)

93mm late 1980's to present

succeeded by
RPO-M

RPO-A:
thermobaric
RPO-Z:
incendiary
RPO-D:
smoke warhead
RPO-M:
reuseable launcher
RPO-A
MRO-A

(one-shot disposable launcher)

72.5mm 2002 to present MRO-A:
thermobaric
MRO-Z:
incendiary
MRO-D:
smoke warhead
MRO

Special Purpose[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
Grad-P Light portable
rocket system

man-portable variant
of BM-21 Grad MLRS

122mm 9M22M

10,800 / 15,000m
aiming / max. range

1960's to present
Grad-P
DP-61 Duel 55mm depth charges late 1970's to present

supplemented by
DP-64

MRG-1 Ogonyok:
stationary variant
with 7 launch tubes
External:
[17]

Recoilless rifles[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
SPG-9 Kopyo 73mm 1962 to present SPG-9D
paratrooper variant

SPG-9(D)M
modernized

SPG-9(M)N/D(M)N
night vision scope
SPG-9

Mortars[edit]

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
82-BM-37
M37
M1937
PM37
82mm 1936 to present
replaced by the Podnos
can still be found
in large numbers
M37M
M41
M43
Zagan 82 mm moździerz wz 37.jpg
2B14 Podnos 82mm 1980's to present
2B14 Podnos at "Engineering Technologies 2010" forum.jpg
2B25 Gall
suppressed mortar
82mm 2011 to present External:
[18]

Anti-tank guided missiles[edit]

Weapon Missile Range In service Variants Photo
9K115 Metis /
AT-7 Saxhorn

Gen. 2 (light)

9M115 1000m 1979 to present Metis-M
Metis
9K135 Kornet /
AT-14 Spriggan

replaced Konkurs

9M133
9M133-1
9M133F

9M133M-2
9M133FMX
5500m

8000-
10000m
1994 to present Kornet-E (export)
Kornet-D / EM
Kornet
9K11-2 Malyutka-2 /
AT-3D Sagger D

modernized
Malyutka (1999)

9M14-2
9M14-2M
9M14-2P
9M14-2F
2M14 (all)
3000m

min. 400m
1999 to present Malyutka-2M External:
[19] (Malyutka-2M)

Man-portable air defense systems[edit]

Weapon Range Altitude In service Variants Photo
Igla / SA-18 Grouse

succeeded by Igla-S

5200m 3500m 1981 to present

Igla-1 (early variant;
NATO reporting name:
SA-16 Gimlet)

Igla-D (paratrooper
variant)

Dzhigit (two-barrel
stationary variant)

Igla
Igla-S / SA-24 Grinch 6000m 3500m 2004 to present
Igla-S

Landmines[edit]

Weapon Type In service Variants Photo
POMZ Anti-personnel
tripwire type
fragmentation mine
1945 to late 1960's POMZ-2
POMZ-2M
Yugoslav PMR-2A variant of POMZ anti-personnel mine, Balkans 1996
PMN mine Anti-personnel late 1950's to present PMN-1
PMN-2
PMN-4
PMN anti-personnel mine.jpg
OZM anti-personnel
bounding (Bouncing Betty) type
OZM-3
OZM-4
OZM-72
OZM.jpg
MON-50 anti-personnel
directional (Claymore) type
Non armed mon50 anti-personnel clustermine.jpg
MON-90
larger version
of MON-50
anti-personnel
directional (Claymore) type
MON-100 anti-personnel
directional (Claymore) type
MON-100 2 (ORDATA).jpg
MON-200
larger version
of MON-100
anti-personnel
directional (Claymore) type,
can also be used against
light-skinned vehicles
and helicopters
TM-57 mine anti-tank
TM-57 held with tilt fuze.jpg
TM-62 series of mines anti-tank TM-62M
TM-62B
TM-62D
TM-62P
TM-62T
Winz7.jpg
TM-72 mine anti-tank
stand-off
magnetic fuze
TM-89

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]