List of Ryder Cup matches

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List of Ryder Cup matches
A gold cup set against a background of a lake and fields
Tournament information
Established 1927
Tour(s) PGA Tour, European Tour
Format Match play
Current champion
Europe (in 2012)

The Ryder Cup is a golf competition contested by teams from Europe and the United States. The competition was originally contested between Great Britain and the United States, Republic of Ireland golfers first played in the British team in 1953 and this was extended to European golfers in 1979.[1] Established in 1927, the competition is jointly administered by the Professional Golfers' Association of America (PGA of America) and the PGA European Tour. The competition takes place every two years, with the exception of 2001 when the match was played a year later due to the 11 September attacks; the venue alternates between courses in Europe and the United States. The winners of the first match were the United States, who defeated Great Britain at Worcester Country Club 9½–2½. The most recent match, held at Medinah Country Club on Course No. 3, was won by Europe, who beat the United States by 14½–13½.[2] The next match is scheduled to take place at Gleneagles Hotel on the PGA Centenary Course in 2014.[3]

The Ryder Cup is contested in a match play format, which involves different methods of the format. A foursomes match is contested with two members from each team playing alternate shots. A fourball match consists of two players from either team, who each play their own shot throughout the round. The player that completes the hole in the lowest number of shots wins the hole. Singles matches are also played, with players from each team contesting a one-on-one match.[4] The winner of each match scores a point for their team, if a match is tied after 18 holes then each team is awarded a ½ point. The format of the competition has changed throughout its history. Originally, foursome matches were played one day, with singles matches over 36 holes the next.[5] Since 1979, the format has consisted of 28 matches held over three days, with each match worth a point. The first two days consist of eight matches; four foursomes and four fourball matches. The final day sees all 12 members of each team competing in singles matches.[6]

The United States are the most successful team in the history of the competition; they have won 25 of the 39 matches that have been contested, 18 of which were before 1979, when the competition was contested between Great Britain and Ireland and the United States. In the 17 matches since the inclusion of European golfers, Europe has won nine, the United States seven, with one match tied.[7]

History[edit]

The first Ryder Cup match was contested in June 1927. The competition held at Worcester Country Club was won 9½–2½ by the United States. British captain Ted Ray cited the Americans' "superior putting" as the reason for their victory.[8] Great Britain improved for the 1929 competition, winning 7–5 at Moortown Golf Club.[9] However, they were unable to replicate this performance in 1931. In 100 degree heat and missing a number of their best players, they were unable to match the Americans at the Scioto Country Club and lost 9–3.[10] The 1933 contest at the Southport and Ainsdale Golf Club was a closer affair than previous matches. It came down to the final match between Syd Easterbrook and Denny Shute. The American Shute had a putt to win the competition, but missed two in succession leaving Easterbrook with a putt to win the contest, which he made to secure a 6½–5½ victory for the British team.[11] The United States regained the Cup in 1935, when they beat Great Britain 9–3 at Ridgewood Country Club.[12] They became the first team to win the competition outside of their own country in 1937 when they beat the British team 8–4 at Southport and Ainsdale Golf Club.[13]

The advent of the Second World War meant the Ryder Cup was not contested again until 1947 at Portland Golf Club. The United States dominated the match in wet conditions, as Great Britain scored one point in an 11–1 defeat.[14] The 1949 match was closer than the previous contest. Great Britain went into the final day with a 3–1 lead, but they were unable to secure the three and a half points they needed to win and lost 7–5.[15] The 1951 contest at Pinehurst Resort, was again won by the United States. Such was the dominance in their 9½–2½ victory, that only two of the twelve matches reached the 18th hole.[16] Before the 1953 contest Great Britain were given a boost when American Ben Hogan decided not to participate. He had won three of the four men's major golf championships during the year and his absence gave them optimism. However, they were unable to beat the United States; mistakes at the end of their singles matches by Peter Alliss and Bernard Hunt cost Great Britain as they lost 6½–5½.[17] Despite recording their best points total in matches held in the United States, Great Britain were again defeated in 1955. The United States won 8–4 to extend their winning streak to 21 years.[18]

The 1957 contest saw Great Britain regain the Cup for the first time since 1933. They were 3–1 down after the first round of matches, but victory in five out of the seven singles matches made the difference as they won 7½–4½.[19] The United States regained the Ryder Cup in 1959 beating Great Britain 8½–3½. The match was the last to be contested over 36 holes of foursomes and singles matches. The format changed to two 18 hole sets of foursomes and singles in 1961, doubling the number of points available from 12 to 24.[20][21] The change in format did not affect the trend of American dominance as they won 14½–9½ at Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Club.[22] Two sets of four balls were introduced in 1963, increasing the number of points available to 32.[23] Again, the changes made little difference to the outcome as the United States won 23–9 at East Lake Golf Club. British player Henry Cotton summed up the display from the Americans, stating: "We have been outclassed."[24] The 1965 match at Royal Birkdale Golf Club started well for Great Britain, as they were trailing the United States 9–7 going into the singles matches. But the Americans proved too strong, winning the majority of the matches to win the contest 19½–12½.[25]

The 1967 match continued the trend of American victories, as the United States won 23½–8½ at Champions Golf Club.[26] Unlike in previous years, the 1969 match was much closer. The match came down to the last hole of the final singles match between American Jack Nicklaus and British golfer Tony Jacklin. Nicklaus made his putt, which left Jacklin with a putt to tie the match. Despite this, Nicklaus conceded the putt, picking up Jacklin's ball marker. As a result their match was tied, as was the contest at 16–16.[27] The United States won again in 1971, beating Great Britain 18½–13½.[28] The 1973 match was the first held in Scotland at Muirfield.[29] The outcome remained the same as Great Britain lost 19–13.[30] The 1975 match at Laurel Valley Golf Club was similar with the United States winning 21–11.[31] The format changed again in 1977, as matches were reduced by nearly a third leaving 20 points available. The changed requested by Great Britain & Ireland did little to change the outcome, as the United States won 12½–7½.[32] Golfers from continental Europe were allowed to compete for the first time in 1979. There was another change to the format, the first two days now consisted of eight foursomes and fourballs, with twelve singles matches on the final day. Again, the changes had little effect on the outcome as the United States won 17–11.[33]

The 1981 match was originally scheduled to take place at The Belfry, but construction of the course was not completed on time and Walton Heath Golf Club was used instead. The United States, containing a team that had won 36 major championships between them, dominated the match winning 18½–9½.[34] The 1983 match at PGA National Golf Club was the closest in recent years. After the first two days the match was tied at 8–8. Europe fell short in the singles match, winning four out of the twelve matches and lost the contest 14½–13½.[35] The 1985 match held at the now completed Belfry, saw Europe win the trophy for the first time in 28 years. Leading 9–7 going into the final day, they won six singles matches to secure a 16½–11½ victory.[36] Europe retained the Ryder Cup in 1987, beating the United States 15–13 at Muirfield Village, to win in the United States for the first time.[37] The 1989 match was only the second time the contest ended in a tie. Europe were in commanding position when José Maria Cañizares won his singles match, but defeat in the last four matches meant the match finished 14–14.[38] The 1991 match at Kiawah Island Golf Resort, known as the "War on the Shore", saw the United States regain the Cup. The scores were tied at 8–8 going into the final day and the match came down to the last singles match between Europe's Bernhard Langer and American golfer Hale Irwin. Langer missed a 6 feet (1.8 m) putt at the last hole, which meant the United States won 14½–13½.[39] The United States retained the Cup in 1993, winning 15–13 at The Belfry.[40] Europe regained the trophy in 1995, defeating the United States 14½–13½ at Oak Hill Country Club.[41]

The Ryder Cup was played outside of the British Isles for the first time in 1997, as Valderrama Golf Club in Spain hosted the contest. Despite taking a five point lead into the final day, Europe needed the half point Colin Montgomerie secured in his tied singles match with Scott Hoch to win 14½–13½.[42] The 1999 match was the third time in succession the contest had been won by a single point, but this time it was the United States who won 14½–13½.[43] This was not without controversy, as Europe were unhappy with the celebrations by the American team after a putt by Justin Leonard, while European golfer José María Olazábal still had a chance of holing his putt.[44] The Ryder Cup was scheduled to be played in 2001, but two weeks before the competition was scheduled to take place the September 11 attacks occurred. The United States fearing for their safety requested the match be played a year later in 2002.[45] When the match was played, Europe won 15½–12½ to regain the Cup.[46] They retained the Cup in 2004 when they won 18½–9½ at Oakland Hills Country Club, in what was the United States' heaviest defeat in the competition.[47] The result was repeated in 2006 at the K Club. Europe's 18½–9½ victory marked the first time they had won three matches in succession.[48] The United States regained the Ryder Cup in 2008, winning for the first time since 1999. They won the match when Jim Furyk beat Miguel Ángel Jiménez with four singles matches still ongoing, to win 16½–11½.[49] A tight contest in 2010 came down to the final singles match between European Graeme McDowell and American golfer Hunter Mahan. McDowell won his match with a hole to spare, to give Europe a 14½–13½ victory.[2] Europe recovered a 10–6 deficit on the last day in 2012, as they won eight of the twelve singles matches to win 14½–13½.[50]

Matches[edit]

Key
Match was tied Match was tied
  • The "Year" column refers to the year the match was held, and wikilinks to the article about that match.
Ryder Cup matches
Year Winners Score Runners-up Venue Location GB/Europe captain United States captain
1927  United States 9½–2½  Great Britain Worcester Country Club Worcester, Massachusetts Ray, TedTed Ray Hagen, WalterWalter Hagen
1929  Great Britain 7–5  United States Moortown Golf Club Leeds, Yorkshire, England Duncan, GeorgeGeorge Duncan Hagen, WalterWalter Hagen
1931  United States 9–3  Great Britain Scioto Country Club Columbus, Ohio Whitcombe, CharlesCharles Whitcombe Hagen, WalterWalter Hagen
1933  Great Britain 6½–5½  United States Southport and Ainsdale Golf Club Southport, Lancashire, England Taylor, John HenryJohn Henry Taylor Hagen, WalterWalter Hagen
1935  United States 9–3  Great Britain Ridgewood Country Club Paramus, New Jersey Whitcombe, CharlesCharles Whitcombe Hagen, WalterWalter Hagen
1937  United States 8–4  Great Britain Southport and Ainsdale Golf Club Southport, Lancashire, England Whitcombe, CharlesCharles Whitcombe Hagen, WalterWalter Hagen
1947  United States 11–1  Great Britain Portland Golf Club Portland, Oregon Cotton, HenryHenry Cotton Hogan, BenBen Hogan
1949  United States 7–5  Great Britain Ganton Golf Club Scarborough, Yorkshire, England Whitcombe, CharlesCharles Whitcombe Hogan, BenBen Hogan
1951  United States 9½–2½  Great Britain Pinehurst Resort Course No. 2 Pinehurst, North Carolina Lacey, ArthurArthur Lacey Snead, SamSam Snead
1953  United States 6½–5½  Great Britain Wentworth Club Virginia Water, Surrey, England Cotton, HenryHenry Cotton Mangrum, LloydLloyd Mangrum
1955  United States 8–4  Great Britain Thunderbird Country Club Rancho Mirage, California Rees, DaiDai Rees Harbert, ChickChick Harbert
1957  Great Britain 7½–4½  United States Lindrick Golf Club Rotherham, Yorkshire, England Rees, DaiDai Rees Burke, Jr., JackJack Burke, Jr.
1959  United States 8½–3½  Great Britain Eldorado Golf Club Indian Wells, California Rees, DaiDai Rees Snead, SamSam Snead
1961  United States 14½–9½  Great Britain Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Club Lytham St. Annes, Lancashire, England Rees, DaiDai Rees Barber, JerryJerry Barber
1963  United States 23–9  Great Britain East Lake Golf Club Atlanta, Georgia Fallon, JohnJohn Fallon Palmer, ArnoldArnold Palmer
1965  United States 19½–12½  Great Britain Royal Birkdale Golf Club Southport, Lancashire, England Weetman, HarryHarry Weetman Nelson, ByronByron Nelson
1967  United States 23½–8½  Great Britain Champions Golf Club Houston, Texas Rees, DaiDai Rees Hogan, BenBen Hogan
1969  United States [A] 16–16Match was tied  Great Britain Royal Birkdale Golf Club Southport, Lancashire, England Brown, EricEric Brown Snead, SamSam Snead
1971  United States 18½–13½  Great Britain Old Warson Country Club St. Louis, Missouri Brown, EricEric Brown Hebert, JayJay Hebert
1973  United States 19–13 United Kingdom Republic of Ireland Great Britain & Ireland Muirfield Gullane, East Lothian, Scotland Hunt, BernardBernard Hunt Burke, Jr., JackJack Burke, Jr.
1975  United States 21–11 United Kingdom Republic of Ireland Great Britain & Ireland Laurel Valley Golf Club Ligonier, Pennsylvania Hunt, BernardBernard Hunt Palmer, ArnoldArnold Palmer
1977  United States 12½–7½ United Kingdom Republic of Ireland Great Britain & Ireland Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Club Lytham St. Annes, Lancashire, England Huggett, BrianBrian Huggett Finsterwald, DowDow Finsterwald
1979  United States 17–11  Europe The Greenbrier, The Greenbrier Course White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia Jacobs, JohnJohn Jacobs Casper, BillyBilly Casper
1981  United States 18½–9½  Europe Walton Heath Golf Club Walton-on-the-Hill, Surrey, England Jacobs, JohnJohn Jacobs Marr, DaveDave Marr
1983  United States 14½–13½  Europe PGA National Golf Club Palm Beach Gardens, Florida Jacklin, TonyTony Jacklin Nicklaus, JackJack Nicklaus
1985  Europe 16½–11½  United States The Belfry, Brabazon Course Wishaw, Warwickshire, England Jacklin, TonyTony Jacklin Trevino, LeeLee Trevino
1987  Europe 15–13  United States Muirfield Village Dublin, Ohio Jacklin, TonyTony Jacklin Nicklaus, JackJack Nicklaus
1989  Europe[A] 14–14Match was tied  United States The Belfry, Brabazon Course Wishaw, Warwickshire, England Jacklin, TonyTony Jacklin Floyd, RaymondRaymond Floyd
1991  United States 14½–13½  Europe Kiawah Island Golf Resort, Ocean Course Kiawah Island, South Carolina Gallacher, BernardBernard Gallacher Stockton, DaveDave Stockton
1993  United States 15–13  Europe The Belfry, Brabazon Course Wishaw, Warwickshire, England Gallacher, BernardBernard Gallacher Watson, TomTom Watson
1995  Europe 14½–13½  United States Oak Hill Country Club, East Course Rochester, New York Gallacher, BernardBernard Gallacher Wadkins, LannyLanny Wadkins
1997  Europe 14½–13½  United States Valderrama Golf Club Sotogrande, Andalusia, Spain Ballesteros, SeveSeve Ballesteros Kite, TomTom Kite
1999  United States 14½–13½  Europe The Country Club, Composite Course Brookline, Massachusetts James, MarkMark James Crenshaw, BenBen Crenshaw
2002  Europe 15½–12½  United States The Belfry, Brabazon Course Wishaw, Warwickshire, England Torrance, SamSam Torrance Strange, CurtisCurtis Strange
2004  Europe 18½–9½  United States Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course Bloomfield Hills, Michigan Langer, BernhardBernhard Langer Sutton, HalHal Sutton
2006  Europe 18½–9½  United States K Club, Palmer Course Straffan, County Kildare, Ireland Woosnam, IanIan Woosnam Lehman, TomTom Lehman
2008  United States 16½–11½  Europe Valhalla Golf Club Louisville, Kentucky Faldo, NickNick Faldo Azinger, PaulPaul Azinger
2010  Europe 14½–13½  United States Celtic Manor Resort, Twenty Ten Course Newport, Wales Montgomerie, ColinColin Montgomerie Pavin, CoreyCorey Pavin
2012  Europe 14½–13½  United States Medinah Country Club, Course 3 Medinah, Illinois Olazábal, José MaríaJosé María Olazábal Love III, DavisDavis Love III
2014 Gleneagles, PGA Centenary Course Gleneagles, Perthshire, Scotland McGinley, PaulPaul McGinley Watson, TomTom Watson

Results by team[edit]

Team From To Matches Wins Losses Ties
 United States 1927 2012 39 25 12 2
 Great Britain/
 Great Britain &  Ireland
1927 1977 22 3 18 1
 Europe 1979 2012 17 9 7 1

Notes[edit]

A.   a b In the event of a match ending in a tie, the team who last won the Ryder Cup retains the Cup.[51]

References[edit]

General

Specific

  1. ^ "1979: The Greenbrier, White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "McDowell seals dramatic win as Europe regain Ryder Cup". BBC Sport. 4 October 2012. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  3. ^ "2012 Ryder Cup Schedule of Events". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  4. ^ "Scoring". BBC Sport. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  5. ^ "Ryder Cup Media Guide" (PDF). PGA of America. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  6. ^ Ryan, Kevin (24 September 1999). "Ryder Cup format". USA Today. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  7. ^ "Ryder Cup – History". European Tour. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  8. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1927". BBC Sport. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  9. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1929". BBC Sport. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  10. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1931". BBC Sport. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  11. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1933". BBC Sport. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  12. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1935". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  13. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1937". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  14. ^ "1947: Portland Golf Club, Portland, Oregon". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  15. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1949". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  16. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1951". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  17. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1953". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  18. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1955". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  19. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1957". Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  20. ^ "1959 Eldorado Country Club, Palm Desert, California". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  21. ^ "1961 Royal Lytham & St Annes, St Annes, England". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  22. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1961". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  23. ^ "1963 East Lake Country Club, Atlanta, Georgia". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  24. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1963". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  25. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1965". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  26. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1967". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  27. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1969". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  28. ^ "1971 Old Warson Country Club, St Louis, Missouri". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  29. ^ "1973 Muirfield, Muirfield, Scotland". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  30. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1973". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  31. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1975". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  32. ^ "1977 Royal Lytham & St Annes, St Annes, England". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  33. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1979". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  34. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1981". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  35. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1983". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  36. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1985". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  37. ^ "1987 Muirfield Village, Columbus, Ohio". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  38. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1989". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  39. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1991". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  40. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1993". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  41. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1995". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  42. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1997". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  43. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 1999". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  44. ^ Davies, David (18 November 2004). "Casey opens war with America". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  45. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 2001". BBC Sport. 13 September 2004. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  46. ^ "Ryder Cup History – 2002". BBC Sport. 13 September 2004. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  47. ^ "Europe win Ryder Cup". BBC Sport. 19 September 2004. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  48. ^ "Cheers and tears (2006)". Sky Sports. 6 September 2010. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  49. ^ Orlovac, Mark (21 September 2008). "US secure emphatic Ryder Cup win". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  50. ^ "Ryder Cup 2012: Europe beat USA after record comeback". BBC Sport. 30 September 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2012. 
  51. ^ "About the matches". Ryder Cup. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 

External links[edit]