List of Sabini

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This is a list of people who hold the name Sabinus, subcategorized by profession or common association. While some Sabini may fit more than one category, they are not multiple listed. Within sections, Sabini are alphabetized by first name. Sabini without other names are at the top of the list.

Military[edit]

  • Calavius Sabinus, commander of the Legio XII under Caesennius Paetus during his abortive 62 AD campaign in Armenia.[1]
  • Gaius Calvisius Sabinus – (presumed I) – one of the legates of Julius Caesar in the civil war, was sent by him into Aetolia in 48 BC, and obtained possession of the whole of the country.[2] Appian (B. C. ii. 60) relates that Sabinus was defeated by Metellus Scipio in Macedonia, but this statement is inconsistent with Caesar's account. In 45 BC Sabinus received the province of Africa from Caesar, a province he was granted again (after a praetorship in 43 BC) by Mark Antony. However, after the departure of Antony for Mutina, the senate conferred it instead upon Quintus Cornificius.[3] Sabinus was consul in 39 BC with Lucius Marcius Censorinus and in the following year commanded the fleet of Octavian in the war with Sextus Pompeius. In conjunction with Menas, who had deserted Sextus Pompey, he fought against Pompey's admiral Menecrates and sustained a defeat off Cumae. When Menas went over to Pompey again, just before the outbreak of hostilities in 36 BC, Sabinus was deprived of the command of the fleet. Appian assigns as cause that Sabinus had not kept a sufficient watch over the renegade, but Octavian had for other reasons determined to entrust the conduct of the war to Agrippa. It is evident moreover that Sabinus was not looked upon with suspicion by Octavian, for at the close of the war the latter gave him the task of clearing Italy of robbers. He is mentioned, too, at a later time, shortly before the battle of Actium, as one of the friends of Octavian.[4]
  • Marcus Minatius Sabinus, a legate of Cn. Pompeius the younger, whose name appears on coins. (See Vol. III p. 489.)

Politicians[edit]

  • Sabinus, a consularis under Heliogabalus. According to Aelius Lampridius (Anton. HeliogaB. C. 16), Ulpian commented on his writings. In Lampridius' Life of Alexander Severus, he mentions among the consiliarii of Alexander a "Fabius Sabinus, a son of Sabinus, an illustrious man, the Cato of his time", although that Sabinus in question may have been a jurist and is probably a different man.[5]
  • Sabinus, urban prefect and consularis under Maximinus Thrax. He was killed while trying to put down the riot which broke out after the news arrived of Gordian I and II's accession in Africa.[6]
  • Catius Sabinus, first consulship before 216, second consulship under Caracalla in 216 with Cornelius Anulinus.[7]
  • Gaius Calvisius Sabinus — (presumed II) probably son of Gaius Calvisius Sabinus (presumed I) — was consul in 4 BC with Lucius Passienus Rufus.[8]
  • Gaius Calvisius Sabinus — (presumed III) probably son of Gaius Calvisius Sabinus (presumed II) — was consul under Tiberius in 26 with Cii. Cornelius Lentulus Gaetulicus. In 32 he was accused of maiestas, but was saved by Celsus, tribune of a city cohort, who was one of the informers. He was governor of Pannonia under Caligula and was accused with his wife Cornelia but, knowing they would only receive a show-trial, committed suicide along with her before they could be brought to trial.[9]
  • Marcus Caelius Sabinus, a Roman jurist who succeeded Cassius Longinus (He was not the Sabinus from whom the Sabiniani took their name). He was named consul by Otho in AD 69, an appointment which Vitellius did not rescind on his accession. He wrote a work, Ad Edictum Aedilium Curulium.[10] In the first of these two passages Gellius mentions the work of Caelius,[11] and Caelius here quotes Labeo. Nearly the same words are given by Ulpian,[12] but he quotes only Sabinus and omits Labeo's name. In the second passage Gellius quotes the words of Caelius as to the practice of slaves being sold with the pileus on the head when the vendor would not warrant them. Though the work on the Edict is not quoted there, it seems certain that this extract must be from this book of Caelius. It appears that Caelius must also have written other works.[13] There are no extracts from Caelius in the Digest, but he is often cited, sometimes as Caelius Sabinus, sometimes by the name of Sabinus alone.
  • Gaius Poppaeus Sabinus, consul in 9, with Quintus Sulpicius Camerinus. He was appointed governor of Moesia before 14, an appointment confirmed by Tiberius in 15, with the addition of the provinces of Achaia and Macedonia. He continued to hold these provinces until his death in 35. In 26, he obtained triumphal ornaments on account of a victory which he had gained over some Thracian tribes. He did not belong to a distinguished family and was indebted for his long continuance in his government to his possessing respectable, but not striking abilities. He was the maternal grandfather of Poppaea Sabina.[14]
  • Vectius Sabinus, of the Ulpian family, was the senator upon whose motion (according to Capitolinus) Balbinus and Maximus were nominated joint emperors. Upon their elevation he was appointed Praefectus Urbi.[15]

Jurists[edit]

  • Massurius Sabinus, a hearer of Ateius Capito, a distinguished jurist in the time of Tiberius. He lived under Nero also, for the passage in Gaius (ii. 218) must certainly refer to this Sabinus, and not to Caelius. This is the Sabinus from whom the school of the Sabiniani took its name. Massurius was nearly fifty years of age before he was admitted into the Equestris Ordo, and he is said to have been poor enough to require pecuniary assistance from his hearers. He obtained under Tiberius the Jus Respondendi, which is a proof of his reputation as a jurist and is further evidence that the Sabiniani took their name not from Capito, but from his more distinguished pupil. There is no direct excerpt from Sabinus in the Digest, but he is often cited by other jurists, who commented upon his Libri tres Juris Civilis. Pomponius wrote at least thirty-six Libri ad Sabinum, Ulpianus at least fifty-one, and Paulus at least forty-seven books. This fact in itself shows that the work of Massurius must have been considered to be a great authority. It is conjectured, but it is pure conjecture, that the arrangement was the same as that of the Libri XVIII. Juris Civilis of Q. Mucius Scaevola. Numerous works of Massurius are cited by name in the Digest.[16]

Authors and orators[edit]

  • Sabinus, a Greek literary figure, sophist and rhetorician who flourished under Hadrian. His work includes a four-volume piece entitled Eisagoge kai hupotheseis meletetikes hules and commentaries on Thucydides, Acusilaus, various other authors, and various exegetical works.[17] A native of Zeugma according to the Suda, he may have been the author of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology, in imitation of Leonidas of Tarentum, though it is not known with certainty whether the poet was the same person as the sophist.[18]
  • Sabinus, a bishop of Heracleia in Thrace and a follower of the teachings of Macedonius, he was one of the earliest writers on ecclesiastical councils. His work synagoge tov synodon is frequently quoted by Socrates of Constantinople and other ecclesiastical historians.[19] He appears to have lived around the end of the reign of Theodosius II.[20]
  • Sabinus, a physician, and one of the most eminent of the ancient commentators on Hippocrates, lived before Julianus[disambiguation needed] and was tutor to Metrodorus and Stratonicus[disambiguation needed].[21] He must therefore have lived about the end of the 1st century AD. Galen frequently quotes him and controverts some of his opinions, but at the same time allows that he and Rufus Ephesius (who is commonly mentioned in conjunction with him) comprehended the meaning of Hippocrates better than most of the other commentators.[22] It is not known whether Sabinus commented on the whole of the Hippocratic Collection (iii. 16).[23]
  • Asellius Sabinus, who received a reward from Tiberius for a dialogue in which he introduced a contest between a mushroom, a fidecula, an oyster and a thrush.[24]
  • Asidius Sabinus, a rhetorician mentioned by Seneca the elder.[25]
  • (Julius) Pomponius Sabinus is sometimes quoted as an ancient grammarian, but is the same as Pomponius Laetus.
  • Sabinus Tyro is the author of a treatise on horticulture, which he dedicated to Maecenas, a keen gardener himself. All that we know with regard to this writer and his work is to be found in the notice of Pliny in his Natural History, "Ferroque non expedire tangi rutam, cunilam, mentam, ocimum, auctor est Sabinus (al. Sabinius) Tyro in libro Cepuricon quern Maecenati dicavit."[26]

Artists[edit]

  • Lucius Plotius Sabinus, a Roman artist, who is only known by an inscription in which he is described as a carver in ivory or eborarius.[27]

Gentry and wealthy citizens[edit]

  • Albius Sabinus, a co-heir (coheres) with Cicero. It is in reference to him that Cicero speaks of the Albianum negotium.[28]
  • Calvisius Sabinus, a wealthy contemporary of Seneca the Younger. He was born a slave and, according to Seneca, was ignorant but affected to be a man of learning.[29]
  • Ostorius Sabinus, a Roman eques, accused Barea Soranus and his daughter Servilia in A. D. 66, and was rewarded by Nero with a large sum of money and the insignia of the quaestorship.[30]
  • Titius Sabinus, a distinguished Roman eques, was a friend of Germanicus and was consequently hated by Sejanus. To please this powerful favorite, Latinius Latiaris, who was a friend of Sabinus, induced the latter to speak in unguarded terms both of Sejanus and Tiberius and then betrayed his confidence. Sabinus was executed in prison. His body was thrown out upon the Gemonian steps and cast into the River Tiber. The ancient writers mention the fidelity of the dog of Sabinus, which would not desert his master and which tried to bear up his corpse when thrown into the Tiber.[31]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tacitus Annales. xv. 7.
  2. ^ Julius Caesar. Commentarii de Bello Civili (B.C.) iii. 34, 35.
  3. ^ Cicero. Philippicae iii. 10.; ad Fain. xii. 25.
  4. ^ Cassius Dio. Roman History xlviii. 34, 46; Appian. Bellum Civile v. 81, 96, 132. Plutarch. Antony 58.
  5. ^ Grotius. Vitae Jurisconsultorum p, 189.
  6. ^ Julius Capitolinus. Maximini Duo 14, Gordian 13, Herodian vii. 15.
  7. ^ Codex Justinianus 2. tit. 19. s. 7; 9. tit. 32. s. 3, et alibi.
  8. ^ Augustus Res Gestae Divi Augusti: Monumentum Ancyranum
  9. ^ *Tacitus. Annales iv. 46, vi. 9; Histories i. 48 ; Cassius Dio. Roman History lix. 18.
  10. ^ Aulus Gellius. Noctes Atticae iv. 2, vii. 4
  11. ^ in Justinianus, Digest, libro quern de Edicto Aedilium Curulium composuit.
  12. ^ Justinianus, Digest, De Aedilicio Edicto, 21. tit.l. s. 1. § 7.
  13. ^ Digest 35. tit. 1. s. 72. § 7.
  14. ^ Cassius Dio. Roman History Index, lib. ivi., iviii. 25; Suetonius. De Vita Caesarum Chapter: Vespesanius 2; Tacitus Annales. i. 80, iv. 46, v. 10, vi. 39, xiii. 45.
  15. ^ Julius Capitolinus. Maximus and Balbinus" 2, 4.
  16. ^ Grotius, Vitae Jurisconsultorum; von Zimmern, Wilhelm. Geschichte des Romischen Privatrechts i. § 84 ; Puchta, Cursus der Institutionen, 1875. i. § 99, and § 116, on the Jus Respondendi.
  17. ^ Suda, under either Sabinus or Zeugma; the citation was unclear.
  18. ^ Brunck, Article in Analectic Magazine Vol. 2, p. 304. ca. 1813; Jacobs, Greek Anthology Vol. 3, p. 18; vol. 13 p. 948; Fabricius Bibl. Graec. vol. iv. p. 494.
  19. ^ Socrates Scholasticus, Church History, book 1, chapter 8, book 2, chapter 20, and book 3 chapters 10 & 25.; Sozomen, Historia Ecclesiastica Preface; Nicephorus Callistus Xanthopulos. Historia Ecclesiastica ix.; Epiphanius of Salamis, Adversus Haereses ii. 8, 9, 17.
  20. ^ Vossius, Gerhard Johann. De Historicis Graecis Libri III (1624) Dp. 307, 314,494; Fabricius Bibl. Graec. vol. xii.pp/182,183.
  21. ^ Galen. Adversus Iulianum (Fragment 111). c. 3. vol. xviii. pt. i. p. 255.; see also Comment, in Hippocrates MEpid. III i. 4. vol. xvii. pt. i. p. 507, 8; Galen, de Atra Bile, c. 4. vol. v. p. 119.
  22. ^ Galen, de Ord. Libror. suor. vol. xix. p. 58: comp. Comment, in Hippocrates Epidemiology VI. ii. 10. vol. xvii. pt. i. p. 849.
  23. ^ See Littré E. Oeuvres Complétes dÕHippocrate, Des Airs, des Eaux et des. Lieux, Vol. 1. p.101.
  24. ^ Suetonius. De Vita Caesarum Chapter: Tiberius, 42.
  25. ^ Suasoriae 2.
  26. ^ xix. 10.
  27. ^ Raoul-Rochette, Désiré. Lettre a M. Schorn. 2nd ed. Paris : Didot, 1832, p. 400; ReineSi cl. xi. No. cxxii.
  28. ^ Cicero. Ad Atticum. xiii. 14, xiv. 18, 20.
  29. ^ Seneca the Younger. Epistulae Morales 27.
  30. ^ Tacitus, Annales. xvi. 23, 30, 33.
  31. ^ Tacitus, Annales. iv. 18, 19, 68, 70, vi. 4 ; Cassius Dio, Roman History, iviii. 1; Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia viii. 40. s. 61.

Additional source[edit]

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities. London: John Murray.