List of Satish Dhawan Space Centre launches

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The following list gives a detailed record of the launches taken place in Satish Dhawan Space Centre. It is the main satellite launch centre for the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). It is located in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, 80 km (50 mi) north of Chennai. Originally called Sriharikota High Altitude Range (SHAR), an acronym ISRO have retained to the present day) and then Sriharikota Launching Range, the centre was renamed in 2002 after the death of ISRO's former chairman Satish Dhawan.

No. of launches[edit]

As of 30 June 2014,

Total no. of launches = 43[Note 1]

Mission status wise[edit]

Successful launches = 31

Launches which left payloads usable = 35[Note 2]

Failed launches = 8

Rocket used wise[edit]

SLV = 4 (1 failure, 1 partial failure & 2 successful)

ASLV = 4 (2 failures, 1 partial failure & 1 successful)

PSLV = 27 (1 failure, 1 partial failure & 25 successful)

GSLV = 8 (4 Failures, 1 partial failure & 3 successful)

Launch Pad used wise[edit]

SLV Launch Pad = 8 (3 Failures, 2 partial failure & 3 successful)

First Launch Pad = 24 (2 Failures, 1 partial failure & 21 successful)

Second Launch Pad = 11 (3 Failures, 1 partial failure & 7 successful)

Launch log[edit]

Launches sorted by launch date -:

Launch date Launch pad Launch Vehicle & Variant Version /
Serial
[1]
Result Note(s)
10 August 1979 SLV LP SLV-3 D1 Failure Faulty valve and wrong assessment causes vehicle to crash into the Bay of Bengal (317 s after take off), Developmental Flight.[2]
18 July 1980 SLV LP SLV-3 D2 Success Developmental Flight.
31 May 1981 SLV LP SLV-3 D3 Partial Failure Did not reach intended height. Satellite only orbits for 9 days, Developmental Flight.[2]
17 April 1983 SLV LP SLV-3 D4 Success Developmental Flight.
24 March 1987 SLV LP ASLV D1 Failure First stage did not ignite after strap-on burnout, Developmental Flight.[3]
13 July 1988 SLV LP ASLV D2 Failure Insufficient control gain, Developmental Flight.[3]
20 May 1992 SLV LP ASLV D3 Partial Failure Lower than expected orbit and incorrect spin-stabilisation, payload decayed quickly.[4]
20 September 1993 First PSLV D1 Failure Unexpected large disturbance at the second stage separation resulting in a sub-orbital flight of the vehicle. One of the retro rockets designed to pull the burnt second stage away from the third stage failed.[5]
4 May 1994 SLV LP ASLV D4 Success SROSS-C2 launched.[4]
15 October 1994 First PSLV D2 Success With the successful launch, India became the sixth country in the world to launch satellite in low-Earth orbit.[5]
21 March 1996 First PSLV D3 Success Third developmental test flight, PSLV placed the 922 kg IRS-P3 satellite in the intended 817 km polar orbit.
29 September 1997 First PSLV C1 Partial Failure PSLV's first operational flight, placed IRS-1D into a polar orbit. However, it did not place the satellite in the desired circular orbit of 817 km, but in an elliptical orbit due to a leak of helium gas from one of the components.[6][7]
26 May 1999 First PSLV C2 Success PSLV's first commercial launch and also was for the first time an Indian launch vehicle carried multiple satellites.[8]
18 April 2001 First GSLV Mk I(a) D1 Failure Developmental Flight, payload placed into lower than planned orbit, and did not have sufficient fuel to reach a usable orbit.[9]
22 October 2001 First PSLV C3 Success Placed three satellites in orbit - TES of India, PROBA (PRoject for On Board Autonomy) of the European Space Agency and the BIRD (Bispectral and Infrared Remote Detection) of Germany.
12 September 2002 First PSLV C4 Success India's first launch to place a satellite into a Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit. The flight path of PSLV-C4 was specially modified to inject the satellite into a Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit having a perigee 250 km and an apogee of 36,000 km.
8 May 2003 First GSLV Mk I(a) D2 Success Developmental Flight[10]
17 October 2003 First PSLV C5 Success Payload capability had been progressively increased by more than 600 kg since the first PSLV launch. Launch took place despite heavy rain.[11]
20 September 2004 First GSLV Mk I(b) F01 Success First operational flight[12]
5 May 2005 Second PSLV C6 Success First launch from the Second Launch Pad, inaugurated on the immediately preceding day. After its integration in the Vehicle Assembly Building, the PSLV-C6 was transported on rails to the Umbilical Tower (UT) located 1 km away using the Mobile Launch Pedestal where the final operations were carried out.[13]
10 July 2006 Second GSLV Mk I(b) F02 Failure Both rocket and satellite had to be destroyed over the Bay of Bengal after the rocket's trajectory veered outside permitted limits.
10 January 2007 First PSLV C7 Success For the first time, a Dual Launch Adopter (DLA) was used in the PSLV to accommodate two primary satellites at the same time.[14] Space capsule Recovery Experiment (SRE-1) also launched. The SRE-1 module remained in orbit for 12 days before re-entering the Earth's atmosphere and splashing down into the Bay of Bengal 22 January 2007. The re-capture of the SRE-1 module made India the fourth country to do so after the USA, Russia and China.[15]
23 April 2007 Second PSLV-CA C8 Success First flight of the 'Core-Alone' version. ISRO's first exclusively commercial launch.[16]
2 September 2007 Second GSLV Mk I(b) F04 Partial Failure Successful Launch,[17] apogee lower and inclination higher than expected, due to minor error in guidance subsystem.[18] Eventually the 2160 kg payload reached the designated geostationary transfer orbit.[19][20]
21 January 2008 First PSLV-CA C10 Success An Israeli reconnaissance satellite, and ISRO's first fully commercially launch.,[21]
28 April 2008 Second PSLV-CA C9 Success Rocket put 10 satellites into orbit in a precisely timed sequence, highest by any Indian launch vehicle. Two satellites belonged to India and the remaining were very small ones built by universities in different countries.[22]
22 October 2008 Second PSLV-XL C11 Success First flight of the PSLV-XL version.
Chandrayaan-1, India's first mission to the Moon launched.[23]
20 April 2009 Second PSLV-CA C12 Success India's first all weather observation spy satellite RISAT-2 launched.[24]
23 September 2009 First PSLV-CA C14 Success 7 satellites launched.[25] SwissCube-1[26] and ITUpSAT1,[27] Switzerland's and Turkey's first home-grown satellites launched into space.
15 April 2010 Second GSLV Mk II D3 Failure First flight test of the ISRO designed and built Cryogenic Upper Stage. Failed to reach orbit due to malfunction of Fuel Booster Turbo Pump (FBTP) of the Cryogenic Upper Stage.[28]
12 July 2010 First PSLV-CA C15 Success Main satellite Cartosat-2B and Algeria's ALSAT-2A along with AISSat-1, TIsat-1, and StudSat. TIsat-1 is the second ever Swiss satellite launched into Space. AISSat-1 and TIsat are part of NLS-6.[29][30]
25 December 2010 Second GSLV Mk I(c) D4 Failure First flight of GSLV Mk.I (c) Destroyed by range safety officer after loss of control of liquid fuelled boosters.[31]
20 April 2011 First PSLV C16 Success The standard version, with six solid strap-on booster motors strung around the first stage, was used. ResourceSat-2 launched.[32]
15 July 2011 Second PSLV-XL C17 Success Indigenously developed flight computer 'Vikram' used for the first time. GSAT-12 launched.[33]
12 October 2011 First PSLV-CA C18 Success The Megha-Tropiques satellite for climate research launched along with three microsatellites: SRMSAT, the remote sensing satellite Jugnu and the VesselSat-1 to locate ships on high seas.[34][35]
26 April 2012 First PSLV-XL C19 Success Radar Imaging Satellite-1 (RISAT-1) launched.[36]
9 September 2012 First PSLV-CA C21 Success ISRO's 100th mission.[37]
25 February 2013 First PSLV-CA C20 Success Indo-French Saral and six other foreign satellites launched.[38][39]
1 July 2013 First PSLV-XL C22 Success Launch of IRNSS-1, the first satellite of the Indian Regional Navigational Satellite System.[40]
5 November 2013 First PSLV-XL C25 Success Mars Orbiter Mission or Mangalyaan, India's first mission to Mars.[41]
5 January 2014 Second GSLV Mk II D5 Success Launch of GSLV with indigenously built cryogenic engine and carrying GSAT-14 satellite.[42][43][44]
4 April 2014 First PSLV-XL C24 Success IRNSS-1B, the second out of seven in the Indian Regional Navigational Satellite System (IRNSS) launched.[45][46]
30 June 2014 First PSLV-CA C23 Success Five foreign satellites including France's SPOT-7 launched.[47]
Planned launches
July/August 2014 Second GSLV Mk II D6 Planned Planned launch of another GSAT satellite.[48]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Manually counting from the below given list of launches. All the stats given in this section have been found out using the same way. No launches by sounding rockets have been included either here or in the launch log.
  2. ^ A partial failure occurs when the payload is placed into an orbit where it was still usable even though the intended height or orbit was not reached, or which could be corrected with the spacecraft's own propulsion.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SLV, ASLV, PSLV and GSLV launch history". Spacecraft Encyclopedia. Retrieved March 12, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "India (SLV/ASLV/PSLV/GSLV) Flight History by Variant/Year (1979-2010)". Retrieved March 12, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b http://www.astronautix.com/lvs/aslv.htm
  4. ^ a b http://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/heasarc/missions/sross3.html
  5. ^ a b "Space Craft Encyclopedia". 
  6. ^ "Front Line". 
  7. ^ Kyle, Ed. "India (SLV/ASLV/PSLV/GSLV) Flight History by Variant/Year (1979-2010)". Space Launch Report. 
  8. ^ "Current Science". 
  9. ^ Kyle, Ed (28 December 2010). "Page 2 of 2: Comprehensive Orbital Launch Failure List". India (SLV/ASLV/PSLV/GSLV) Flight History by Variant/Year (1979-2010). Retrieved 17 September 2011. 
  10. ^ "GSLV-D2 Mission". ISRO. Archived from the original on August 24, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Frontline: A remote-sensing success". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 
  12. ^ "EDUSAT mission". ISRO. Archived from the original on August 24, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Spaceref Asia: India's PSLV-C6 Successfully Launches Two Satellites". 
  14. ^ "PSLV-C7 launch a success". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 11 January 2007. 
  15. ^ "46-Minute Splash into Elite Space Club". The Telegraph. 23 January 2007. 
  16. ^ First commercial launch of PSLV-C8 successful-India-The Times of India
  17. ^ "Of six GSLV launches, only two were successes". Sriharikota: Hindustan Times. 15 April 2010. Retrieved 16 April 2010. 
  18. ^ Clark, Stephen (2 September 2007). "India's large satellite launcher returns to flight". Spaceflight Now. 
  19. ^ "INSAT-4CR successfully placed in orbit". Times of India. 2 September 2007. 
  20. ^ "GSLV-F04 Launch Successful - Places INSAT-4CR in orbit". ISRO. Archived from the original on August 24, 2012. 
  21. ^ NDTV - ISRO Launches Israeli Satellite
  22. ^ "PSLV puts 10 satellites in orbit". The Hindu. 29 April 2008. Retrieved 2013-02-28. 
  23. ^ T.S. Subramanian (23 October 2008). "Chandrayaan-1 bound for Moon". The Hindu. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  24. ^ India's spy in the sky: ISRO launches RISAT-2
  25. ^ PSLV-C14 lift-off today
  26. ^ It's a First! Swiss Satellite In Space — This Cube Isn't Cheese
  27. ^ First Turkish-Made Satellite Launched From India
  28. ^ "GSLV-D3 Failure Analysis Report". ISRO. 
  29. ^ NLS-6 Launch Blog
  30. ^ More info
  31. ^ "Rocket failed after 45 seconds, says ISRO". Hindustan Times. 25 December 2010. Retrieved 25 December 2010. 
  32. ^ T.S., Subramanian (19 April 2011). "PSLV-C16 launch today". The Hindu (Chennai, India). Retrieved 19 April 2011. 
  33. ^ ISRO-developed computer helped PSLV-C17 put satellite in orbit
  34. ^ "ISRO launches Megha-Tropiques satellite to study monsoon". NDTV. 12 October 2011. 
  35. ^ "PSLV-C18 carrying weather satellite launched - The Times of India". The Times Of India. 
  36. ^ RISAT-1 satellite launch a ``grand success”: ISRO
  37. ^ "Isro's 100th mission: PSLV-C21 puts 2 foreign satellites in orbit". Time of India. Retrieved 9 September 2012. 
  38. ^ "PSLV-C20 puts SARAL, 6 other satellites in precise orbits". The Hindu. 26 February 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2013. 
  39. ^ "India successfully launches Indo-French, 6 foreign satellites". Indian Express. 25 February 2013. Retrieved 25 February 2013. 
  40. ^ "PSLV-C22 Successfully Launches IRNSS-1A, India's First Navigation Satellite" (Press release). ISRO. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  41. ^ "India launches rocket in hope of joining elite Mars explorer club". 
  42. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Isro-successfully-launches-indigenous-cryogenic-engine-powered-GSLV-D5/articleshow/28437867.cms
  43. ^ http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/andhra_pradesh/GSLV-D5-Carrying-Communication-Satellite-Blasts-Off/2014/01/05/article1983511.ece
  44. ^ http://zeenews.india.com/news/space/gslv-rocket-s-success-will-mean-immense-savings-isro-chief_901554.html
  45. ^ Isro successfully launches navigation satellite IRNSS-1B
  46. ^ India’s PSLV successfully launches the IRNSS-1B spacecraft
  47. ^ "Isro's PSLV C23 launch successful, rocket injects five foreign satellites into orbits". Jun 30, 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2014. 
  48. ^ GSLV-D5 Twin may be Launched This Year

External links[edit]