List of Satish Dhawan Space Centre launches
The following list gives a detailed record of the launches taken place in Satish Dhawan Space Centre. It is the main satellite launch centre for the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). It is located in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, 80 km (50 mi) north of Chennai. Originally called Sriharikota High Altitude Range (SHAR), an acronym ISRO have retained to the present day) and then Sriharikota Launching Range, the centre was renamed in 2002 after the death of ISRO's former chairman Satish Dhawan.
No. of launches
As of 5 November 2013,
Total no. of launches = 40[Note 1]
Mission status wise
Successful launches = 28
Launches which left payloads usable = 32[Note 2]
Failed launches = 8
Rocket used wise
SLV = 4 (1 failure, 1 partial failure & 2 successful)
ASLV = 4 (2 failures, 1 partial failure & 1 successful)
PSLV = 25 (1 failure, 1 partial failure & 23 successful)
GSLV = 7 (4 Failures, 1 partial failure & 2 successful)
Launch Pad used wise
SLV Launch Pad = 8 (3 Failures, 2 partial failure & 3 successful)
First Launch Pad = 22 (2 Failures, 1 partial failure & 19 successful)
Second Launch Pad = 10 (3 Failures, 1 partial failure & 6 successful)
Launches sorted by launch date -:
|Launch date||Launch pad||Launch Vehicle & Variant||Version /
|10 August 1979||SLV LP||SLV-3||D1||Failure||Faulty valve and wrong assessment causes vehicle to crash into the Bay of Bengal (317 s after take off), Developmental Flight.|
|18 July 1980||SLV LP||SLV-3||D2||Success||Developmental Flight.|
|31 May 1981||SLV LP||SLV-3||D3||Partial Failure||Did not reach intended height. Satellite only orbits for 9 days, Developmental Flight.|
|17 April 1983||SLV LP||SLV-3||D4||Success||Developmental Flight.|
|24 March 1987||SLV LP||ASLV||D1||Failure||First stage did not ignite after strap-on burnout, Developmental Flight.|
|13 July 1988||SLV LP||ASLV||D2||Failure||Insufficient control gain, Developmental Flight.|
|20 May 1992||SLV LP||ASLV||D3||Partial Failure||Lower than expected orbit and incorrect spin-stabilisation, payload decayed quickly.|
|20 September 1993||First||PSLV||D1||Failure||Unexpected large disturbance at the second stage separation resulting in a sub-orbital flight of the vehicle. One of the retro rockets designed to pull the burnt second stage away from the third stage failed.|
|4 May 1994||SLV LP||ASLV||D4||Success||SROSS-C2 launched.|
|15 October 1994||First||PSLV||D2||Success||With the successful launch, India became the sixth country in the world to launch satellite in low-Earth orbit.|
|21 March 1996||First||PSLV||D3||Success||Third developmental test flight, PSLV placed the 922 kg IRS-P3 satellite in the intended 817 km polar orbit.|
|29 September 1997||First||PSLV||C1||Partial Failure||PSLV's first operational flight, placed IRS-1D into a polar orbit. However, it did not place the satellite in the desired circular orbit of 817 km, but in an elliptical orbit due to a leak of helium gas from one of the components.|
|26 May 1999||First||PSLV||C2||Success||PSLV's first commercial launch and also was for the first time an Indian launch vehicle carried multiple satellites.|
|18 April 2001||First||GSLV Mk I(a)||D1||Failure||Developmental Flight, payload placed into lower than planned orbit, and did not have sufficient fuel to reach a usable orbit.|
|22 October 2001||First||PSLV||C3||Success||Placed three satellites in orbit - TES of India, PROBA (PRoject for On Board Autonomy) of the European Space Agency and the BIRD (Bispectral and Infrared Remote Detection) of Germany.|
|12 September 2002||First||PSLV||C4||Success||India's first launch to place a satellite into a Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit. The flight path of PSLV-C4 was specially modified to inject the satellite into a Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit having a perigee 250 km and an apogee of 36,000 km.|
|8 May 2003||First||GSLV Mk I(a)||D2||Success||Developmental Flight|
|17 October 2003||First||PSLV||C5||Success||Payload capability had been progressively increased by more than 600 kg since the first PSLV launch. Launch took place despite heavy rain.|
|20 September 2004||First||GSLV Mk I(b)||F01||Success||First operational flight|
|5 May 2005||Second||PSLV||C6||Success||First launch from the Second Launch Pad, inaugurated on the immediately preceding day. After its integration in the Vehicle Assembly Building, the PSLV-C6 was transported on rails to the Umbilical Tower (UT) located 1 km away using the Mobile Launch Pedestal where the final operations were carried out.|
|10 July 2006||Second||GSLV Mk I(b)||F02||Failure||Both rocket and satellite had to be destroyed over the Bay of Bengal after the rocket's trajectory veered outside of permitted limits.|
|10 January 2007||First||PSLV||C7||Success||For the first time, a Dual Launch Adopter (DLA) was used in the PSLV to accommodate two primary satellites at the same time. Space capsule Recovery Experiment (SRE-1) also launched. The SRE-1 module remained in orbit for 12 days before re-entering the Earth's atmosphere and splashing down into the Bay of Bengal 22 January 2007. The re-capture of the SRE-1 module made India the fourth country to do so after the USA, Russia and China.|
|23 April 2007||Second||PSLV-CA||C8||Success||First flight of the 'Core-Alone' version. ISRO's first exclusively commercial launch.|
|2 September 2007||Second||GSLV Mk I(b)||F04||Partial Failure||Successful Launch, apogee lower and inclination higher than expected, due to minor error in guidance subsystem. Eventually the 2160 kg payload reached the designated geostationary transfer orbit.|
|21 January 2008||First||PSLV-CA||C10||Success||An Israeli reconnaissance satellite, and ISRO's first fully commercially launch.,|
|28 April 2008||Second||PSLV-CA||C9||Success||Rocket put 10 satellites into orbit in a precisely timed sequence, highest by any Indian launch vehicle. Two satellites belonged to India and the remaining were very small ones built by universities in different countries.|
|22 October 2008||Second||PSLV-XL||C11||Success||First flight of the PSLV-XL version.
Chandrayaan-1, India's first mission to the Moon launched.
|20 April 2009||Second||PSLV-CA||C12||Success||India's first all weather observation spy satellite RISAT-2 launched.
|23 September 2009||First||PSLV-CA||C14||Success||7 satellites launched. SwissCube-1 and ITUpSAT1, Switzerland's and Turkey's first home-grown satellites launched into space.|
|15 April 2010||Second||GSLV Mk II||D3||Failure||First flight test of the ISRO designed and built Cryogenic Upper Stage. Failed to reach orbit due to malfunction of Fuel Booster Turbo Pump (FBTP) of the Cryogenic Upper Stage.|
|12 July 2010||First||PSLV-CA||C15||Success||Main satellite Cartosat-2B and Algeria's ALSAT-2A along with AISSat-1, TIsat-1, and StudSat. TIsat-1 is the second ever Swiss satellite launched into Space. AISSat-1 and TIsat are part of NLS-6.
|25 December 2010||Second||GSLV Mk I(c)||D4||Failure||First flight of GSLV Mk.I (c) Destroyed by range safety officer after loss of control of liquid fuelled boosters.|
|20 April 2011||First||PSLV||C16||Success||The standard version, with six solid strap-on booster motors strung around the first stage, was used. ResourceSat-2 launched.|
|15 July 2011||Second||PSLV-XL||C17||Success||Indigenously developed flight computer 'Vikram' used for the first time. GSAT-12 launched.|
|12 October 2011||First||PSLV-CA||C18||Success||The Megha-Tropiques satellite for climate research launched along with three microsatellites: SRMSAT, the remote sensing satellite Jugnu and the VesselSat-1 to locate ships on high seas.|
|26 April 2012||First||PSLV-XL||C19||Success||Radar Imaging Satellite-1 (RISAT-1) launched.|
|9 September 2012||First||PSLV-CA||C21||Success||ISRO's 100th mission.|
|25 February 2013||First||PSLV-CA||C20||Success||Indo-French Saral and six other foreign satellites launched.|
|1 July 2013||First||PSLV-XL||C22||Success||Launch of IRNSS-1, the first satellite of the Indian Regional Navigational Satellite System.|
|5 November 2013||First||PSLV-XL||C25||Success||Mars Orbiter Mission or Mangalyaan, India's first mission to Mars.|
|December 2013||TBD||GSLV||D5||Planned||Planned launch of GSLV with indigenously built cryogenic engine. Just an hour and 14 minutes before the lift off, a leakage was reported and the launch was halted and rescheduled to December 2013.|
|February 2014||TBD||PSLV-CA||C23||Planned||Planned launch of France's SPOT-7 and the nano satellites CanX-4/5.|
- Manually counting from the below given list of launches. All the stats given in this section have been found out using the same way. No launches by sounding rockets have been included either here or in the launch log.
- A partial failure occurs when the payload is placed into an orbit where it was still usable even though the intended height or orbit was not reached, or which could be corrected with the spacecraft's own propulsion.
- "SLV, ASLV, PSLV and GSLV launch history". Spacecraft Encyclopedia. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
- "India (SLV/ASLV/PSLV/GSLV) Flight History by Variant/Year (1979-2010)". Retrieved March 12, 2013.
- "Space Craft Encyclopedia".
- "Front Line".
- Kyle, Ed. "India (SLV/ASLV/PSLV/GSLV) Flight History by Variant/Year (1979-2010)". Space Launch Report.
- "Current Science".
- Kyle, Ed (28 December 2010). "Page 2 of 2: Comprehensive Orbital Launch Failure List". India (SLV/ASLV/PSLV/GSLV) Flight History by Variant/Year (1979-2010). Retrieved 17 September 2011.
- "GSLV-D2 Mission". ISRO. Archived from the original on August 24, 2012.
- "Frontline: A remote-sensing success". The Hindu (Chennai, India).
- "EDUSAT mission". ISRO. Archived from the original on August 24, 2012.
- "Spaceref Asia: India's PSLV-C6 Successfully Launches Two Satellites".
- "PSLV-C7 launch a success". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 11 January 2007.
- "46-Minute Splash into Elite Space Club". The Telegraph. 23 January 2007.
- First commercial launch of PSLV-C8 successful-India-The Times of India
- "Of six GSLV launches, only two were successes". Sriharikota: Hindustan Times. 15 April 2010. Retrieved 16 April 2010.
- Clark, Stephen (2 September 2007). "India's large satellite launcher returns to flight". Spaceflight Now.
- "INSAT-4CR successfully placed in orbit". Times of India. 2 September 2007.
- "GSLV-F04 Launch Successful - Places INSAT-4CR in orbit". ISRO. Archived from the original on August 24, 2012.
- NDTV - ISRO Launches Israeli Satellite
- "PSLV puts 10 satellites in orbit". The Hindu. 29 April 2008. Retrieved 2013-02-28.
- T.S. Subramanian (23 October 2008). "Chandrayaan-1 bound for Moon". The Hindu. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
- India's spy in the sky: ISRO launches RISAT-2
- PSLV-C14 lift-off today
- It's a First! Swiss Satellite In Space — This Cube Isn't Cheese
- First Turkish-Made Satellite Launched From India
- "GSLV-D3 Failure Analysis Report". ISRO.
- NLS-6 Launch Blog
- More info
- "Rocket failed after 45 seconds, says ISRO". Hindustan Times. 25 December 2010. Retrieved 25 December 2010.
- T.S., Subramanian (19 April 2011). "PSLV-C16 launch today". The Hindu (Chennai, India). Retrieved 19 April 2011.
- ISRO-developed computer helped PSLV-C17 put satellite in orbit
- "ISRO launches Megha-Tropiques satellite to study monsoon". NDTV. 12 October 2011.
- "PSLV-C18 carrying weather satellite launched - The Times of India". The Times Of India.
- RISAT-1 satellite launch a ``grand success”: ISRO
- "Isro's 100th mission: PSLV-C21 puts 2 foreign satellites in orbit". Time of India. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
- "PSLV-C20 puts SARAL, 6 other satellites in precise orbits". The Hindu. 26 February 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
- "India successfully launches Indo-French, 6 foreign satellites". Indian Express. 25 February 2013. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
- "PSLV-C22 Successfully Launches IRNSS-1A, India's First Navigation Satellite" (Press release). ISRO. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
- "India launches rocket in hope of joining elite Mars explorer club".
- "ISRO lines up SARAL for February, restored GSLV for April". Jan 18,2013. Retrieved January 22, 2013.