List of Scheduled Monuments in Torfaen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The county borough of Torfaen is in the south-east corner of Wales, occupying the valley of the Afon Llwyd, from Cwmbran and Pontypool up to Blaenavon. With only 2 prehistoric and 5 medieval scheduled sites, the list, like the landscape, is dominated by the Industrial monuments of the 18th and 19th centuries. In particular, the Blaenavon Industrial Landscape is a World Heritage Site.[1] Of the 25 monuments, 14 are found within the Blaenavon Community. All of the Torfaen administrative area lies within the historic county of Monmouthshire.

Scheduled Ancient Monuments (SAMs) have statutory protection. The compilation of the list is undertaken by Cadw Welsh Historic Monuments, which is an executive agency of the National Assembly of Wales.[2] The list of scheduled monuments below is supplied by Cadw[3] with additional material from RCAHMW and Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust.

Scheduled Monuments in Torfaen[edit]

Image Name Site type Community Location Details Period SAM No
& Refs
Carn-y-Defaid Round Cairns Round cairn Blaenavon,
(also Llanfoist Fawr), (see also Monmouthshire)
51°47′03″N 3°03′31″W / 51.7842°N 3.0585°W / 51.7842; -3.0585 (Carn-y-Defaid Round Cairns),
SO270100
1Prehistoric
MM209
[4]
Cairns (4) West of Craig y Dyffryn Round cairn Henllys 51°37′43″N 3°05′01″W / 51.6285°N 3.0835°W / 51.6285; -3.0835 (Cairns West of Craig y Dyffryn),
ST251927
1Prehistoric
MM045
[5]
Capel Newydd, Blaenavon (site of) Chapel Blaenavon 51°45′47″N 3°03′33″W / 51.763°N 3.0592°W / 51.763; -3.0592 (Capel Newydd, Blaenavon (site of)),
SO269076
4Medieval
MM212
[6]
Llanderfel Church Church Fairwater 51°39′06″N 3°03′55″W / 51.6516°N 3.0653°W / 51.6516; -3.0653 (Llanderfel Church),
ST263953
4Medieval
MM271
[7]
Henllys St Peter's Churchyard Cross.JPG St. Peter's Churchyard Cross, Henllys Cross Henllys 51°36′48″N 3°03′32″W / 51.6132°N 3.059°W / 51.6132; -3.059 (St. Peter's Churchyard Cross, Henllys),
ST267910
4Medieval
MM309
[8]

Llantarnam Preaching Cross - geograph.org.uk - 822372.jpg

Llantarnam Churchyard Cross Cross Llantarnam 51°37′58″N 3°00′10″W / 51.6328°N 3.0028°W / 51.6328; -3.0028 (Churchyard Cross),
ST306931
Socket and shaft of a medieval cross, with modern steps and cross-head. 4Medieval
MM136
[9]
Llantarnam Abbey Tithe Barn Tithe barn Llantarnam 51°37′54″N 2°59′43″W / 51.6317°N 2.9954°W / 51.6317; -2.9954 (Llantarnam Abbey Tithe Barn),
ST312930
Long presumed to be an abbey building, this is now thought to be a 17th-century building 4Medieval
MM137
[10]
Abersychan Limestone Railway, Abersychan.JPG Abersychan Limestone Railway Railway Abersychan 51°43′57″N 3°03′07″W / 51.7324°N 3.0519°W / 51.7324; -3.0519 (Abersychan Railway),
SO274042
Built c 1830 to carry limestone from Cwm Lascarn quarry to the British Ironworks. 5Post Medieval/Modern
GM597
[11]
Air Furnace at British Ironworks Ironworks Abersychan 51°43′34″N 3°04′37″W / 51.7262°N 3.0769°W / 51.7262; -3.0769 (Air Furnace at British Ironworks),
SO257036
Rare remains of a reverbatory air furnace used for re-melting cast iron. The furnace is in the courtyard of the derelict foundry buildings. 5Post-Medieval/Modern
MM221
[12]
Disused pumping engine house at British Colliery British Colliery Pumping Engine House Engine house Abersychan 51°43′36″N 3°04′30″W / 51.7266°N 3.0751°W / 51.7266; -3.0751 (British Colliery Pumping Engine House),
SO258036
Cornish beam pumping engine house built by the British Iron Company. Built of sandstone with a slate roof, and retains several fixtures. 5Post-Medieval/Modern
MM216
[13]
Cwmbyrgwm Colliery, Aberscyhan.jpg Cwmbyrgwm Colliery Coal Mine Abersychan 51°43′25″N 3°05′09″W / 51.7236°N 3.0858°W / 51.7236; -3.0858 (Cwmbyrgwm Colliery),
SO252033
Site of former colliery including remains of a water-balance headgear, chimney, oval shafts, water power dams, tramroad routes, and waste tips. 5Post-Medieval/Modern
MM163
[14]
Aaron Brute's Level and Iron Bridge World Heritage Site Level Blaenavon 51°46′22″N 3°05′27″W / 51.7728°N 3.0909°W / 51.7728; -3.0909 (Aaron Brute's Level and Iron Bridge),
SO248088
5Post-Medieval/Modern
MM220
[15]
Two furnaces at Blaenafon Ironworks Blaenavon Ironworks Property in the care of Cadw World Heritage Site[1] Industrial monument Blaenavon 51°46′37″N 3°05′21″W / 51.777°N 3.0892°W / 51.777; -3.0892 (Blaenavon Ironworks),
SO249092
5Post-Medieval/Modern
MM200
[16]
Blaenavon Upper Brick Yard World Heritage Site Quarry Blaenavon 51°46′52″N 3°05′13″W / 51.781°N 3.087°W / 51.781; -3.087 (Blaenavon Upper Brick Yard),
SO251097
Also known as Bunker Hill Brick Yard. 5Post-Medieval/Modern
MM296
[17]
Brake Engine on Hill Pits Tramroad Incline World Heritage Site Industrial monument Blaenavon 51°46′57″N 3°05′56″W / 51.7826°N 3.099°W / 51.7826; -3.099 (Brake Engine on Hill Pits Tramroad Incline),
SO242098
5Post-Medieval/Modern
MM222
[18]
Coal and Iron Ore Workings West of Abergavenny Road, Blaenavon World Heritage Site Iron mine Blaenavon 51°47′13″N 3°05′02″W / 51.7869°N 3.084°W / 51.7869; -3.084 (Coal and Iron Ore Workings West of Abergavenny Road, Blaenavon),
SO253103
5Post-Medieval/Modern
MM297
[19]
Coity Sandstone Quarry and Incline World Heritage Site Quarry Blaenavon 51°46′12″N 3°06′37″W / 51.7699°N 3.1102°W / 51.7699; -3.1102 (Coity Sandstone Quarry and Incline),
SO234084
5Post-Medieval/Modern
MM279
[20]
Dyne Steel tramway above Pwll-du Dyne Steel Incline World Heritage Site Incline Blaenavon,
(also Llanfoist Fawr), (see also Monmouthshire)
51°47′36″N 3°06′06″W / 51.7933°N 3.1017°W / 51.7933; -3.1017 (Dyne Steel Incline),
SO241110
5Post-Medieval/Modern
MM280
[21]
Engine Pit, Blaenavon World Heritage Site Coal Mine Blaenavon 51°46′29″N 3°05′50″W / 51.7747°N 3.0972°W / 51.7747; -3.0972 (Engine Pit, Blaenavon),
SO243090
Earliest Blaenafon shaft coalmine, sunk in 1806 5Post-Medieval/Modern
MM277
[22]
Pen-ffordd-goch, iron and coal patching, Blaenavon.jpg Iron and coal patching at Pen-ffordd-goch (Keeper's Pond), Blaenavon World Heritage Site Industrial monument Blaenavon,
(also Llanfoist Fawr), (see also Monmouthshire)
51°47′18″N 3°04′38″W / 51.7882°N 3.0773°W / 51.7882; -3.0773 (Iron and coal patching at Pen-ffordd-goch, Blaenavon),
SO257104
5Post-Medieval/Modern
MM227
[23]
Ironstone Quarries at Carreg Maen Taro World Heritage Site Quarry Blaenavon,
(also Llanfoist Fawr and Llanelly), (see also Monmouthshire)
51°47′38″N 3°06′20″W / 51.794°N 3.1056°W / 51.794; -3.1056 (Ironstone Quarries at Carreg Maen Taro),
SO238111
5Post-Medieval/Modern
MM295
[24]
Old Coal Pits, Blaenavon World Heritage Site Air Shaft Blaenavon 51°46′46″N 3°05′51″W / 51.7795°N 3.0974°W / 51.7795; -3.0974 (Old Coal Pits, Blaenavon),
SO243095
5Post-Medieval/Modern
MM293
[25]
Pwll Du Tram Tunnel (south portal) Pwll Du Tramroad Tunnel Southern Approach World Heritage Site Industrial monument Blaenavon 51°46′53″N 3°05′26″W / 51.7814°N 3.0905°W / 51.7814; -3.0905 (Pwll Du Tramroad Tunnel Southern Approach),
SO248096
5Post-Medieval/Modern
MM223
[26]
Iron Ore Scours at Upper Race, Pontypool Industrial monument Pontymoile 51°40′53″N 3°02′55″W / 51.6815°N 3.0486°W / 51.6815; -3.0486 (Iron Ore Scours at Upper Race, Pontypool),
ST276986
5Post-Medieval/Modern
MM256
[27]

Glyn Pits, Pontypool - geograph.org.uk - 100394.jpg

Old Beam Pump & Winding Engine, Glyn Pits Industrial building Pontymoile 51°41′33″N 3°03′50″W / 51.6924°N 3.0638°W / 51.6924; -3.0638 (Old Beam Pump & Winding Engine, Glyn Pits),
ST265998
5Post-Medieval/Modern
MM192
[28]
Torfaen
Carn-y-Defaid Round Cairns
Cairns West of Craig y Dyffryn
Capel Newydd, Blaenavon (site of)
Llanderfel Church
St. Peter's Churchyard Cross, Henllys
Churchyard Cross
Llantarnam Abbey Tithe Barn
Abersychan Railway
Air Furnace at British Ironworks
British Colliery Pumping Engine House
Cwmbyrgwm Colliery
Aaron Brute's Level and Iron Bridge
Blaenavon Ironworks
Blaenavon Upper Brick Yard
Brake Engine on Hill Pits Tramroad Incline
Coal and Iron Ore Workings West of Abergavenny Road, Blaenavon
Coity Sandstone Quarry and Incline
Dyne Steel Incline
Engine Pit, Blaenavon
Iron and coal patching at Pen-ffordd-goch, Blaenafon
Ironstone Quarries at Carreg Maen Taro
Old Coal Pits, Blaenavon
Pwll Du Tramroad Tunnel Southern Approach
Iron Ore Scours at Upper Race, Pontypool
Old Beam Pump & Winding Engine, Glyn Pits
Scheduled Monuments in Torfaen, Wales.
Brown pog.svg=Prehistoric Blue pog.svg=Roman Green pog.svg=Early Medieval
Gold pog.svg=Medieval Red pog.svg=Post-Medieval/Modern

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Coflein is the website database of RCAHMW, GGAT is the Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust, Cadw is the Welsh Historic Monuments Agency
  1. ^ a b Blaenafon Industrial Landscape
  2. ^ Cadw: Ancient Monuments and Scheduling. Accessed 25 April 2013
  3. ^ Cadw will send their list as a spreadsheet, or other electronic formats, on request, as indicated at www.whatdotheyknow.com. This list uses information dated May 2012
  4. ^ coflein NPRN: 306237 South cairn, coflein NPRN: 306238 North cairn. GGAT PRN: 08442g. Cadw SAM: MM209: Carn-y-Defaid Round Cairns
  5. ^ coflein NPRN: 307841. coflein NPRN: 307842. coflein NPRN: 307843. coflein NPRN: 307844. GGAT PRN: 00138g, GGAT PRN: 00139g, GGAT PRN: 00140g, GGAT PRN: 00141g. Cadw SAM: MM045: Cairns West of Craig y Dyffryn
  6. ^ coflein NPRN: 300133. GGAT PRN: 02079g. Cadw SAM: MM212: Capel Newydd, Blaenavon (site of)
  7. ^ coflein NPRN: 307835. GGAT PRN: 0106g. Cadw SAM: MM271: Llanderfel Church
  8. ^ coflein NPRN: 307834. GGAT PRN: 00151g. Cadw SAM: MM309: St. Peter's Churchyard Cross, Henllys
  9. ^ coflein NPRN: 307897. GGAT PRN: 00623g. Cadw SAM: MM136: Churchyard Cross
  10. ^ coflein NPRN: 43276. GGAT PRN: 00627g. Cadw SAM: MM137: Llantarnam Abbey Tithe Barn
  11. ^ coflein NPRN: 407507. GGAT PRN: 07226g. Cadw SAM: GM597: Abersychan Railway
  12. ^ coflein NPRN: 85068. GGAT PRN: 04698g. Cadw SAM: MM221: Air Furnace at British Ironworks
  13. ^ coflein NPRN: 85065. GGAT PRN: 04699g. Cadw SAM: MM216: British Colliery Pumping Engine House
  14. ^ coflein NPRN: 85072. GGAT PRN: 02156g. Cadw SAM: MM163: Cwmbyrgwm Colliery
  15. ^ Level coflein NPRN: 307044. GGAT PRN: 03319g. Bridge coflein NPRN: 307044. GGAT PRN: 03319g. Cadw SAM: MM220: Aaron Brute's Level and Iron Bridge
  16. ^ coflein NPRN: 34134. GGAT PRN: 02221g. Cadw SAM: MM200: Blaenavon Ironworks
  17. ^ coflein NPRN: 260702. GGAT PRN: 08117g. Cadw SAM: MM296: Blaenavon Upper Brick Yard
  18. ^ coflein NPRN: 88059. GGAT PRN: 04694g. Cadw SAM: MM222: Brake Engine on Hill Pits Tramroad Incline
  19. ^ coflein NPRN: 304095. GGAT PRN: 05529g. Cadw SAM: MM297: Coal and Iron Ore Workings West of Abergavenny Road, Blaenavon
  20. ^ coflein NPRN: 276010. GGAT PRN: 03439g. Cadw SAM: MM279: Coity Sandstone Quarry and Incline
  21. ^ coflein NPRN: 260302. GGAT PRN: 05493.0g. Cadw SAM: MM280: Dyne Steel Incline
  22. ^ coflein NPRN: 67650. GGAT PRN: 03321g. Cadw SAM: MM277: Engine Pit, Blaenavon
  23. ^ coflein NPRN: 308295. GGAT PRN: 00056g. Cadw SAM: MM227: Iron and coal patching at Pen-ffordd-goch, Blaenavon
  24. ^ coflein NPRN: 260542. GGAT PRN: 03552g. Cadw SAM: MM295: Ironstone Quarries at Carreg Maen Taro
  25. ^ coflein NPRN: 276020. GGAT PRN: 07826g. Cadw SAM: MM293: Old Coal Pits, Blaenavon
  26. ^ coflein NPRN: 85831. GGAT PRN: 04692.0g. Cadw SAM: MM223: Pwll Du Tramroad Tunnel Southern Approach
  27. ^ coflein NPRN: 302570. GGAT PRN: 0797g. Cadw SAM: MM256: Iron Ore Scours at Upper Race, Pontypool
  28. ^ coflein NPRN: 33566. GGAT PRN: 02335g. Cadw SAM: MM192: Old Beam Pump & Winding Engine, Glyn Pits