List of Scientologists

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

A Scientologist is an adherent of the doctrines and beliefs of Scientology.[1]

Current Scientologists[edit]

[23][40][41]

Name Lifetime Notes
Alley, KirstieKirstie Alley 1951– Actress.[2][3][4][5]
Archer, AnneAnne Archer 1947– Actress (mother of former Scientology spokesperson Tommy Davis).[3][6]
Bartilson, LynseyLynsey Bartilson 1983– Actress.[7]
Bell, CatherineCatherine Bell 1968– Actress.[7][8][9][10]
Black, KarenKaren Black 1939–2013 Actress.[11][12][13]
Bono, SonnySonny Bono 1935–1998 Entertainer and congressman (R-CA 44th).[14] Identified among "notable Scientologists" in the 2007 edition of the book Extraordinary Groups: An Examination of Unconventional Lifestyles by authors William W. Zellner and Richard T. Schaefer.[15] Identified as a Scientologist by his ex-wife.[16][17]
Boyd, StephenStephen Boyd 1931–1977 Actor, rose to Grade IV within the organization, utilized Scientology techniques while filming a movie in Louisiana.[18]
Cardone, GrantGrant Cardone 1958– Salesman, author, motivational speaker, media personality[19]
Cartwright, NancyNancy Cartwright 1957– Voice-over actress, voice of Bart Simpson.[7][13][14][20][21]
Ceberano, KateKate Ceberano 1966– Actress and musician.[22][23][24][25] Ceberano is a third-generation-Scientologist; her grandmother worked as a governess for the children of Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard.[23]
Christensen, ErikaErika Christensen 1982– Actress, raised Scientologist.[2][3][7]
Conaway, JeffJeff Conaway 1950–2011 Actor.[26][27][28][29]
Constanten, TomTom Constanten 1944– Former keyboardist for the Grateful Dead.[30][31][32]
Corea, ChickChick Corea 1941– Musician.[3][5][7][22]
Cruise, TomTom Cruise 1962– Actor[3][22][25]
Dayton, SkySky Dayton 1971– Founder of EarthLink.[33][34]
Dohring, DougDoug Dohring Ex-owner of Neopets.[35]
Elfman, BodhiBodhi Elfman 1969– Actor.[36][37][38][39]
Elfman, JennaJenna Elfman 1971– Actress.[2][3][5][7]
Elfman, RichardRichard Elfman 1949– Writer and director.[33]
Fresh, Doug E.Doug E. Fresh 1966– Musician and actor.[7][20][21]
Hansen, BeckBeck Hansen 1970– Musician.[3][20][21][42]
Hayes, IsaacIsaac Hayes 1942–2008 Musician and actor.[3][20]
Hopkins, NickyNicky Hopkins 1944–1994 Musician.[43]
Isham, MarkMark Isham 1951– Musician and film music composer.[44]
Katselas, MiltonMilton Katselas 1933–2008 Acting teacher.[3][45]
Kubrick, VivianVivian Kubrick 1960– Filmmaker, composer & daughter of Stanley Kubrick [46]
Lee, JasonJason Lee 1970– Actor.[5][7][42][47]
Lewis, GeoffreyGeoffrey Lewis 1935– Actor.[48][49]
Lewis, JulietteJuliette Lewis 1973– Actress.[3][5][48]
Lottick, NoahNoah Lottick 1966–1990 Scientologist whose suicide was the focus of the Time magazine article "The Thriving Cult of Greed and Power".[50][51][52][53][54][55]
Masterson, ChristopherChristopher Masterson 1980– Actor.[2][7]
Masterson, DannyDanny Masterson 1976– Actor.[2][7]
McPherson, LisaLisa McPherson 1959–1995 American woman whose death has been a source of controversy for Scientology.[56][57]
Meskimen, JimJim Meskimen 1959– Actor and improviser.[58][59]
Migenes, JuliaJulia Migenes 1949– Opera singer.[60]
Milos, SofiaSofia Milos 1965– Actress.[61][62]
Moss, ElisabethElisabeth Moss 1982– Actress.[63] Placed among "famous Scientologists" in a 2009 article in the St. Petersburg Times.[64]
Nelson, HaywoodHaywood Nelson 1960– Actor.[65]
Nichols, MarisolMarisol Nichols 1973– Actress.[22]
Norton Taylor, JudyJudy Norton Taylor 1958– Actress.[44][66][67]
Palomo, EduardoEduardo Palomo 1962–2003 Actor.[68][69]
Peña, MichaelMichael Peña 1976– Actor.[70]
Perkins, ElliElli Perkins 1949–2003 Scientologist businesswoman[71] who was murdered by her son who suffered from mental illness.[72][73][74][75]
Phillips, BijouBijou Phillips 1980– Actress and model.[76]
Prepon, LauraLaura Prepon 1980– Actress.[33]
Presley, PriscillaPriscilla Presley 1945– Actress.[77]
Preston, KellyKelly Preston 1962– Actress and wife of John Travolta.[2][5][78]
Purcell, LeeLee Purcell 1947– Actress.[44]
Ribisi, GiovanniGiovanni Ribisi 1974– Actor raised Scientologist.[5][42]
Ribisi, MarissaMarissa Ribisi 1974– Actress raised Scientologist.[42]
Roberts, Michael D.Michael D. Roberts 1947– Actor.[44]
Rodríguez, RuddyRuddy Rodríguez 1967– Actress.[79][80]
Sheehan, BillyBilly Sheehan 1953– Rock bassist.[60]
Santos, PabloPablo Santos 1987–2006 Actor.[81]
Suplee, EthanEthan Suplee 1976– Actor.[47]
Travolta, JohnJohn Travolta 1954– Actor.[2][3]
Van Susteren, GretaGreta Van Susteren 1954– Television show host.[2][8][42] Listed among "A list" members of Scientology in a 2006 article in The Boston Globe. Identified among "notable Scientologists" in the 2007 edition of the book Extraordinary Groups: An Examination of Unconventional Lifestyles by authors William W. Zellner and Richard T. Schaefer.[15] Placed among "famous Scientologists" in a 2009 article in the St. Petersburg Times.[64] Her husband, a lawyer, is a fellow practitioner of Scientology.[42] She told People magazine, "I am a strong advocate of their ethics."[42]
Walicki, Michael, Kathryn, and SueMichael, Kathryn, and Sue Walicki –2007 Scientology family who was attacked by their mentally ill daughter/sister after a lapse in medication.[82][82][83]
Winter, EdgarEdgar Winter 1946– Musician.[56]

Former members[edit]

Name Lifetime Notes
Anderson, LarryLarry Anderson 1952– Actor, star of Orientation: A Scientology Information Film, left the organization in 2009 and requested his money back.[84]
Atack, JonJon Atack 1947– Whistleblower, and critic of the Scientology organization.[85]
Beghe, JasonJason Beghe 1960– Actor, rose to Operating Thetan level OT V within the organization, left Scientology and subsequently spoke out publicly against the organization in 2008.[86][87]
Bornstein, KateKate Bornstein 1948– Transgender author, playwright, performance artist and gender theorist, was a spokesperson for Scientology.[88]
Brodie, JohnJohn Brodie 1935– American football player.[4][89] Credited Dianetics with his recovery from a sports injury; left after some of his friends "were expelled and harassed during a power struggle with church management."[4]
Burroughs, William S.William S. Burroughs 1914–1997 Burroughs was an author and poet. In the 1960s Burroughs joined and left the Church of Scientology.[90] In talking about the experience, he claimed that the techniques and philosophy of Scientology helped him and that he felt that further study into Scientology would produce great results. He was skeptical of the organization itself, and felt that it fostered an environment that did not accept critical discussion.[91] His subsequent critical writings about the church and his review of Inside Scientology by Robert Kaufman led to a battle of letters between Burroughs and Scientology supporters in the pages of Rolling Stone magazine. He wrote the book, Ali's Smile: Naked Scientology.[92][93]
Canova, DianaDiana Canova 1953– Actress.[94] Is critical of Scientology's "straightforward" desire for money.[95][96]
Christman, ToryTory Christman 1947– Whistleblower, and critic of the Scientology organization.[85]
DeGrimston, RobertRobert DeGrimston 1935– With wife, Marry Anne DeGrimston, founder of The Process Church of The Final Judgment.[97][98]
Duignan, JohnJohn Duignan 19xx– Whistleblower, and critic of the Scientology organization.[85]
Gaiman, NeilNeil Gaiman 1960– Novelist, graphic novelist and screenwriter. Son of David Gaiman, raised Scientologist in East Grinstead. Has left the Church, although prefers not to speak publicly about it.[99]
Gale, PhilipPhilip Gale 1978–1998 Massachusetts Institute of Technology student and primary developer of EarthLink's innovative ISP software; committed suicide.[100]
Geldof, PeachesPeaches Geldof 1989–2014 Journalist, television presenter and model.[101] It was reported that she left Scientology and converted to Thelema.
Haggis, PaulPaul Haggis 1953– Film director, Academy Award winner, in response to the San Diego branch's public support of California Proposition 8 and other factors, including Scientology's "indefensible actions, and inactions" and lies.[102]
Headley, MarcMarc Headley 1947– Whistleblower, and critic of the Scientology organization.[85]
Hunter, RobertRobert Hunter 1941– Lyricist for the Grateful Dead.[103]
Manson, CharlesCharles Manson 1934– Identified as a Scientologist during time in prison.[23][97][104][105] Manson studied Scientology while incarcerated.[106] He incorporated Scientology doctrines in his teachings.[97] He ordered Manson Family member Bruce Davis to journey to the United Kingdom and work for the Scientology organization in London.[107]
Offer, VinceVince Offer 1964– Film director of The Underground Comedy Movie and pitchman for Shamwow!.[108]
Presley, Lisa MarieLisa Marie Presley 1968– Singer and songwriter[109][110]
Rathbun, MarkMark Rathbun 19xx– Whistleblower, and critic of the Scientology organization.[85]
Remini, LeahLeah Remini 1970– Actress[111][112]
Scobee, AmyAmy Scobee 19xx– Whistleblower, and critic of the Scientology organization.[113]
Slatkin, ReedReed Slatkin 1949– Criminal Ponzi scheme perpetrator.[114]
Twitchell, PaulPaul Twitchell 1908–1971 Spiritual writer and founder of Eckankar.[115][116] Joined Scientology and achieved the status of "Clear".[117]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Urdang, Laurence; Anne Ryle; Tanya H. Lee (1986). -Ologies & -Isms. Gale Research Co. ISBN 0-8103-1196-8. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Shaviv, Miram A. (June 28, 2007). "The Passion of the Cruise". The Jerusalem Post. p. 24. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Reitman, Janet (23 February 2006). "Inside Scientology". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 22 May 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c Sappell, Joel; Welkos, Robert W. (25 June 1990). "The Courting of Celebrities". Los Angeles Times. p. A18:5. Retrieved 6 August 2006. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Shaw, William (February 17, 2008). "The science of celebrity religion to Non-believers, it seems Barmy. etc.". The Sunday Telegraph (Telegraph Group Limited, London). p. O20. 
  6. ^ "Scientology Success: Jennifer Aspen". whatisscientology.org. Retrieved 2008-08-19. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Sullivan, Jim (August 6, 2001). "'Rush Hour 2' Does Double Time". The Boston Globe. p. B10. 
  8. ^ a b Kent, Stephen A. (January 2001). "The French and German versus American Debate over 'New Religions', Scientology, and Human Rights". Marburg Journal of Religion 6 (1). Retrieved 6 August 2006. 
  9. ^ Zokaei, Mayar. - "Bell Hop" - NYLA Magazine. - Spring 2005
  10. ^ Gumbel, Andrew (2006-01-12). "Scientology vs. Science". Los Angeles CityBeat (Southland Publishing). Archived from the original on 2006-04-27. Retrieved 2006-06-08. 
  11. ^ Hampson, Sarah (30 December 2006). "Like a kid in a candy store". Toronto: The Globe and Mail. pp. R3. Retrieved 11 January 2007. 
  12. ^ Misztal, Bronislaw; Shupe, Anson D. (1992). Religion and politics in comparative perspective: revival of religions. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 37. ISBN 0-275-94218-X. 
  13. ^ a b Sappell, Joel; Welkos, Robert W. (24–29 June 1990). "The Scientology Story". Los Angeles Times. p. 46. 
  14. ^ a b Behar, Richard (6 May 1991). "The Thriving Cult of Greed and Power". Time. Retrieved 27 June 2006. 
  15. ^ a b Zellner, William W.; Richard T. Schaefer (2007). Extraordinary Groups: An Examination of Unconventional Lifestyles. Worth Publishers. p. 302. ISBN 0-7167-7034-2. 
  16. ^ "Bono Not Receptive to Scientologists". The Washington Post. July 15, 1999. Retrieved July 21, 2013. 
  17. ^ Proud Mary Bono, George, August 1999
  18. ^ Malko, George (1970). Scientology: The Now Religion. Delacorte Press. pp. 6–7. 
  19. ^ "Grant Cardone – World Financial Leader", The Hollywood Sentinel, November 15–30, 2009
  20. ^ a b c d Lewis, James R. (2009). Scientology. Oxford University Press, USA. p. 404. ISBN 0-19-533149-4. 
  21. ^ a b c Leggett, Jonathan (25 March 2006). "Cult musicians: Scientology has long been regarded as 'a Hollywood thing', but as Isaac Hayes cooks up a storm and quits his role as South Park's Chef, Jonathan Leggett reveals other musical followers". The Guardian (London: Guardian Newspapers Limited). Retrieved 23 June 2008. 
  22. ^ a b c d Meier, Jurgen (December 2007). "Scientology ist weder Kirche noch Sekte!:Scientolgoy, Eine Spatburgerliche Science-Fiction-Ideologie". Utopie 206: 1138–1152. Retrieved 8 June 2010. 
  23. ^ a b c d Betts, Marianne (January 10, 2009). "Host of celebrities in Scientology's fold". Herald Sun (Melbourne, Australia: News Corporation). p. 24. 
  24. ^ "interview on ABC TV Australia". Retrieved 6 August 2006. 
  25. ^ a b Lewis, James R. (2009). Scientology. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 389, 402, 403. ISBN 978-0-19-533149-3. 
  26. ^ Inside Edition (February 29, 2008). "Jeff Conaway Credits Scientology For Rehab Success". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 25 June 2008. 
  27. ^ Conaway, Jeff (2008-03-03). Former Greaser Kicks Drugs with Scientology. (Interview). Inside Edition. 
  28. ^ Scott, Walter (2008-03-30). "Personality Parade". Parade. 
  29. ^ TV Guide; June 23, 2008; Page 8
  30. ^ Jackson, Blair (2000). Garcia: An American Life. Penguin. p. 520. ISBN 978-0-14-029199-5. 
  31. ^ Schinder, Scott; Schwartz, Andy (2008). Icons of Rock. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-313-33847-2. 
  32. ^ McNally, Dennis (2002). A Long Strange Trip: The Inside History of the Grateful Dead. New York: Broadway Books. p. 352. ISBN 0-7679-1186-5. 
  33. ^ a b c Friedman, Roger (June 26, 2007). "Tom Cruise Finally Meets His Match". Fox News (Fox News Network, LLC). Retrieved 23 June 2008. 
  34. ^ Moschovitis Group (2005). The Internet: A Historical Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, California: MTM Publishing, Inc. ISBN 1-85109-659-0. 
  35. ^ O'Neil, Deborah; Jeff Harrington (June 2, 2002). "The CEO and his church: Months of interviews and thousands of pages of court papers show the effect that influential church members had on a Clearwater company that was a darling of the dot-com boom". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 23 June 2008. 
  36. ^ "Opposite Daffy — Jenna Elfman Ducks the Notion of Easy Laughs". Buffalo News. November 21, 2003. 
  37. ^ Laufenberg, Norbert B. (2005). Entertainment Celebrities. Trafford Publishing. p. 206. ISBN 1-4120-5335-8. 
  38. ^ "Comedy and Clout Define Actress' New Life". Miami Herald. February 27, 1998. 
  39. ^ Strauss, Gary (July 4, 2005). "Stars unleash their passion: What happens when a Hollywood star spouts off about religion?". USA Today (Gannett Co. Inc.). Retrieved 25 February 2008. 
  40. ^ World Entertainment News Network (April 14, 2006). "Tom Cruise Says Baby Will Be a Scientologist". Starpulse (Starpulse.com). Retrieved 26 September 2008. 
  41. ^ NY Daily News (June 30, 2012). "Marriage Impossible, Tom, Katie Split". New York: nydailynews.com. Retrieved 30 June 2012. 
  42. ^ a b c d e f g Staff. "Scientology: A Star-Studded Sect - Scientology has a large following from many celebrities.". ABC News (ABC). Retrieved 23 June 2008. 
  43. ^ Corydon, Bent; L. Ron Hubbard, Jr. (1987). L. Ron Hubbard: Messiah or Madman?. Secaucus, New Jersey: Lyle Stuart. ISBN 0-8184-0444-2.  Convenience link at http://www.clambake.org/archive/books/mom/Messiah_or_Madman.txt .
  44. ^ a b c d Richardson, John M. (September 11, 1993). "The Scientology Church of Hollywood". The Globe and Mail (Bell Globemedia Publishing Inc). 
  45. ^ Oppenheimer, Mark (15 July 2007). "The Actualizer". New York Times. Retrieved 16 January 2008. 
  46. ^ LaPorte, Nicole (August 26, 2010). "Stanley Kubrick's Lost Daughter". The Daily Beast. 
  47. ^ a b Oppenheimer, Mark (September 9, 2007). "Friends, thetans, countrymen". The Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group Limited). 
  48. ^ a b Freeman, Paul (30 November 2007). "Juliette Lewis gets her kicks with Licks: Actress turned rock star is loving her". Redwood City Daily News. 
  49. ^ Meyer, Carla (September 3, 2000). "Juliette Lewis Is All Grown Up: Actress moves beyond her intense, troubled image". San Francisco Chronicle (Hearst Communications Inc.). Retrieved 23 June 2008. 
  50. ^ Behard, Richard (May 6, 1991). "The Thriving Cult of Greed and Power". Time magazine (Time Inc). Retrieved 2010-05-27. 
  51. ^ Survey Reveals Physicians' Experience with Cults, Edward Lottick, Cult Observer, Volume 10, Number 3, 1993.
  52. ^ October 1991, Readers Digest, "A Dangerous Cult Goes Mainstream".
  53. ^ Scientologist Commits Suicide, Scientology Convicted, St. Petersburg Times, published February 8, 1998
  54. ^ Church of Scientology v. Time and Richard Behar, 92 Civ. 3024 (PKL), Opinion and Order, Court TV library Web site., retrieved 1/10/06.
  55. ^ Judge Dismisses Church of Scientology's $416 Million Lawsuit Against Time Magazine, Business Wire, July 16, 1996
  56. ^ a b Lei, Richard (December 6, 1998). "The Life & Death of a Scientologist — After 13 Years and Thousands Of Dollars, Lisa McPherson Finally Went `Clear.' Then She Went Insane". The Washington Post (The Washington Post Company). p. F1. 
  57. ^ Morgan, Lucy (14 November 1998). "McPherson's death incites Web protests". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 23 June 2008. 
  58. ^ Jim Ross Meskimen's blog
  59. ^ Tobin, Thomas C. (May 12, 2000). "Battlefield of dreams: L. Ron Hubbard said he didn't want his science-fiction work to be a press release for the church he founded. Nevertheless, the connections between Battlefield Earth and Scientology are worth noting". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 23 June 2008. 
  60. ^ a b Washington Post News Service (December 17, 1994). "Bart Simpsons's 'Voice' Talks About Belief In Scientology". The Press of Atlantic City. p. B5. 
  61. ^ "TV actress to discuss scientology". Daily Lobo (student newspaper of University of New Mexico). 12 October 2004. Retrieved 5 July 2006. 
  62. ^ Rachel Gordon (2006-03-03). "San Francisco / Mayor deflects chatter on social life / He responds to talk about relationship with Scientologist". articles.sfgate.com. Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  63. ^ Stoller, Debbie (February–March 2009). "Moss Appeal". BUST (55). pp. 55–57. 
  64. ^ a b Times staff (June 21, 2009). "Scientology: Origins, celebrities and holdings". St. Petersburg Times (www.tampabay.com). Retrieved 2010-06-09. 
  65. ^ Christian, Margena A. (October 15, 2007). "Where is ... the cast of 'What's Happening'?". Jet (Johnson Publishing Co.; Gale, Cengage Learning). Retrieved 29 June 2008. 
  66. ^ Mouland, Bill (July 21, 2002). "Good night? Not quite". The Sunday Mail (Nationwide News Pty Limited). p. 56. 
  67. ^ Brown, Annie (October 30, 1999). "happily ever after?". Scottish Daily Record (Scottish Daily Record & Sunday Mail Ltd). 
  68. ^ Morales, Magaly (Tribune Media Services) (November 23, 2003). "Busy, popular actor Eduardo Palomo gone too soon". Houston Chronicle. p. 7. 
  69. ^ Aguila, Justino (November 11, 2003). "Actor Eduardo Palomo mourned: The popular leading man in Mexican television and movies died suddenly at 41". The Orange County Register. 
  70. ^ http://www.scientologynews.org/press-releases/celebrity-centre-international-43rd-anniversary.html
  71. ^ Gramigna, Glenn (1995). "Ex-hippie turns successful businesswoman". Metro Community News (Buffalo, New York). Retrieved 2007-03-23. 
  72. ^ Staff (2006-10-28). "Scientology - A Question of Faith: Did A Mother's Faith Contribute To Her Murder?". 48 Hours (CBS News). pp. 1–9. Retrieved 2010-05-27. 
  73. ^ Stasi, Linda (October 27, 2006). "Scientology Schizo: His Mom's Religion Said, No Meds. That Edict May Have Cost Her Life". New York Post. 
  74. ^ Walls, Jeannette (March 29, 2006). "Scientology foes blast Cruise in ad". MSNBC (NBC). Retrieved 2007-03-23. 
  75. ^ Montopoli, Brian (November 2, 2006). "'48 Hours' Questions Role Of Scientology In Murder, Scientologists Question CBS Ethics". PublicEye (CBS). Retrieved 2007-03-23. 
  76. ^ Davis, Peter (January 2009). "When Danny Met Bijou". Paper (magazine). Retrieved 24 January 2009. 
  77. ^ Tobin, Thomas C. (May 17, 2000). "Kirstie Alley buys Presley mansion: Public records indicate that Alley, who bought the house May 1, will use it for a second home". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 23 June 2008. 
  78. ^ Reuters/Hollywood Reporter (March 16, 2008). "Kelly Preston fired up for HBO suburban satire". Reuters (reuters.com). Retrieved 2 June 2008. 
  79. ^ Cohen, David (October 23, 2006). "Tom's Alien Target". Evening Standard. 
  80. ^ Didcock, Barry (February 18, 2007). "Hubbard Love Cover Story: Inside the Church of Scientology Barry Didcock puts his scepticism aside and goes in search of the truth behind one of the world's most controversial religions". The Sunday Herald. 
  81. ^ Rush, George; Joanna Molloy; Kasia Anderson; Suzanne Rozdeba (July 31, 2002). "Scientology turns 33". New York Daily News (Daily News, L.P.). p. 20. 
  82. ^ a b Braithwaithe, David (July 10, 2007). "Scientology cited in killings". The Sydney Morning Herald (www.smh.com.au). Retrieved 2010-05-28. 
  83. ^ Welch, Dylan (July 10, 2007). "Scientologists 'flat earthers'". The Sydney Morning Herald (www.smh.com.au). Retrieved 2010-05-28. 
  84. ^ Childs, Joe; Thomas C. Tobin (January 24, 2010). "He wants his money back from Church of Scientology". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 2010-06-06. 
  85. ^ a b c d e CBS News (January 9, 2009). "Scientologist Views On Medicine Questioned". The Early Show (CBS). Retrieved 12 January 2009. 
  86. ^ Bunker, Mark (April 21, 2008). "Jason Beghe Interview". The Wog Blog from Xenu TV. Retrieved 26 September 2008. 
  87. ^ Friedman, Roger (14 April 2008). "Star Exits Scientology". Fox News Channel (www.foxnews.com). Retrieved 15 April 2008. 
  88. ^ Bell, Shannon (October 20, 1994). "Kate Bornstein: A Transgender Transsexual Postmodern Tiresias". CTheory. p. a019. Retrieved 26 September 2008. 
  89. ^ Murphy, Brian (January 4, 2004). "Profile: John Brodie — Spirited comeback - 49er legend relentlessly positive after stroke". San Francisco Chronicle (The Chronicle Publishing Co). p. B1. 
  90. ^ Scientologist! William S. Burroughs and the 'Weird Cult'
  91. ^ Burroughs on Scientology, Los Angeles Free Press, Mar 6, 1970.
  92. ^ Bielski, Zosia (January 6, 2009). "Seizure killed Travolta's son, death certificate says;Body showed no sign of head trauma, undertaker says; case puts parents' religion under scrutiny". The Globe and Mail. p. A3; Section: Celebrity Central; Subsections: "Members", "Ex-Members". 
  93. ^ Upton, Charles (2005). Cracks in the Great Wall: UFOs and Traditional Metaphysics. Sophia Perennis. p. 7. ISBN 1-59731-024-7. 
  94. ^ Richardson, John H. (September 1, 1993). "Catch a Rising Star: Scientology's membership boasts some of Hollywood's top talent, despite the most sinister reputation of any modern religion". Premiere (johnhrichardson.com). Archived from the original on 20 May 2008. Retrieved 26 September 2008. 
  95. ^ Richardson, John (September 11, 1993). "The Scientology church of Hollywood". The Globe and Mail (Thomas Canada Limited). p. D5. 
  96. ^ Richardson, John H. (September 1993). "The poorer and famous Hollywood Scientologists". Premiere. 
  97. ^ a b c Bugliosi, Vincent; Curt Gentry (2001). Helter Skelter: The True Story of the Manson Murders. W. W. Norton & Company. pp. 144, 200–202, 225, 300–301, 316, 318, 608, 610–611. ISBN 0-393-32223-8. 
  98. ^ Kathryn L. Duvall. "The Process". Religious Movements. University of Virginia. Archived from the original on 7 November 2006. Retrieved 15 July 2006. 
  99. ^ Ortega, Tony (July 22, 2012). "Neil Gaiman, 7, Interviewed About Scientology by the BBC in 1968". The Village Voice. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  100. ^ Ebner, Mark (March 19, 2006). "Death of a 'Nethead'". Hollywood, Interrupted. Retrieved 26 September 2008. 
  101. ^ Price, Richard (21 April 2013). "Forget Scientology, celebs are now falling for an even more sinister 'religion': Introducing the Satanic sex cult that's snaring stars such as Peaches Geldof". Daily Mail (London: www.dailymail.co.uk). Retrieved 2014-01-04. 
  102. ^ Ortega, Tony (October 25, 2009). "'Crash' Director Paul Haggis Ditches Scientology". Runnin' Scared (The Village Voice). Retrieved 25 October 2009. 
  103. ^ Jackson, Blair (1999). Garcia: An American Life. Viking Adult. pp. 62, 179. ISBN 0-670-88660-2. 
  104. ^ Mallia, Joseph (March 5, 1998). "Inside the Church of Scientology — Church wields celebrity clout". Boston Herald. p. 30. 
  105. ^ Roberts, Steven V. (7 December 1969). "Charlie Manson, Nomadic Guru, Flirted With Crime in a Turbulent Childhood". New York Times. p. 84. 
  106. ^ Goodsell, Greg (February 23, 2010). "Manson once proclaimed Scientology". Catholic Online (www.catholic.org). Retrieved 2010-02-24. 
  107. ^ News Sentinel staff (June 6, 2010). "Timeline: From East Tennessee to California prison". Knoxville News Sentinel (Scripps Interactive Newspapers Group; The E.W. Scripps Co.). Retrieved 2010-06-06. 
  108. ^ "Filmmaker Sues Church of Scientology". PR Newswire. www.prnewswire.com. Retrieved 31 August 2008. 
  109. ^ http://www.celebitchy.com/226835/does_lisa_marie_presley_tell_the_co_to_kiss_her_ass_with_the_lyrics_to_a_new_song/
  110. ^ "Stars Who Quit Scientology". Time. 12 July 2013. 
  111. ^ "Leah Remini Speaks Out After Leaving Church of Scientology". People. July 11, 2013. Retrieved July 15, 2013. 
  112. ^ Eggenberger, Nicole (September 10, 2013). "Leah Remini Tells Ellen DeGeneres She 'Lost Friends"'After Leaving Scientolog". US Weekly.
  113. ^ http://www.scobeepublishing.com | accessdate =16 January 2013
  114. ^ Liz Pulliam Weston. "The Basics: 7 reasons to fire your financial adviser". MSN Money. Microsoft. Retrieved 5 August 2006. 
  115. ^ "John Paul Twitchell", Religious Leaders of America, 2nd ed., Gale Group, 1999. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center, Farmington Hills, Mich: Gale, 2009. http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/BioRC
  116. ^ Orr, Susan (August 1, 2009). "ABCS of Religion:E is for Eckankar". The Evansville Courier & Press. p. B5. 
  117. ^ Bacon, Nicole (2001-08-30). Hadden, Jeffrey K., ed. "Eckankar: The Religion of Light and Sound". University of Virginia Library, The Religious Movements Page. Archived from the original on 31 August 2006. Retrieved 10 July 2010. 

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]