List of Scottish football champions

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Scottish football champions
SPL trophy.jpg
Founded
1890
Number of teams
12
Current champions
Celtic
Country
Scotland
Most successful club
Rangers
(54 times champions, including 1 shared)

The Scottish football champions are the winners of the highest league in Scottish football, namely the Scottish Football League (SFL) from 1890 until 1998, the Scottish Premier League (SPL) from 1998 until 2013 and the Scottish Premiership thereafter.

The SFL was established in 1890, initially as an amateur league until professionalism in Scottish football was legalised in 1893.[1] At the end of the first season Dumbarton and Rangers finished level on points at the top of the table. The rules in force at the time required that the teams contest a play-off match for the championship, which finished in a 2–2 draw, and the first ever championship was thus shared between two clubs, the only occasion on which this has happened.[2] In 1893 a Second Division was formed, with the existing single division renamed the First Division. The league continued during the First World War but was suspended during the Second World War.[3]

Although there were several short spells when a third division was created, the two-division structure remained largely in place until 1975, when a major re-organisation of the league led to a new three-tier set-up and the creation of a new Premier Division at the highest level. In 1998, the teams then in the Premier Division broke away to form the SPL, which supplanted the Premier Division as the highest level of football in Scotland.[4] The SPL and SFL merged in 2013 to form the Scottish Professional Football League (SPFL), which branded its top division as the Scottish Premiership.[5]

Throughout its existence the championship of Scottish football has been dominated by two Glasgow clubs, Celtic and Rangers. The two rivals, who are collectively known as the "Old Firm", have claimed the majority of league titles. As of 2013, Rangers have won 54 and Celtic 45, while no other club has won the title on more than four occasions. No club outside the Old Firm has won the title since the 1984–85 season, when the Aberdeen side managed by Alex Ferguson won the Premier Division.[6] This period of unbroken dominance by the Old Firm is a record; the previous longest streak was 27 years, between 1904 and 1931.

Each of the Old Firm clubs has at one time managed a run of nine consecutive championships, Celtic from 1966 to 1974 and Rangers from 1989 to 1997. Each of the two clubs has also claimed the Double on many occasions, by winning the league and the Scottish Cup in the same season.[7] Rangers have won the most Doubles with eighteen as of April 2013, more than any other club in the world apart from Northern Ireland's Linfield.[8] Each club has also won a Double and added the Scottish League Cup to make it a Treble.[9] In the 1966–67 season Celtic took all three domestic trophies and also won the European Cup to complete the only Quadruple to date.[10]

Champions[edit]

Key:

Champions also won the Scottish Cup
Champions also won the Scottish League Cup
Champions also won both cups









Scottish League (1890–1893)[edit]

Year Winner[11] Runner-up[11] Third[11] Top scorer[12]
Player Goals
1890–91 Dumbarton (1) and
Rangers (1) [note 1]
Celtic Bell, JackJack Bell (Dumbarton) 20
1891–92 Dumbarton (2) Celtic Heart of Midlothian Bell, JackJack Bell (Dumbarton) 23
1892–93 Celtic (1) Rangers St. Mirren McMahon, SandySandy McMahon (Celtic)
Campbell, JohnJohn Campbell (Celtic)
11

Scottish League First Division (1893–1975)[edit]

Year Winner[11] Runner-up[11] Third[11] Top scorer[12]
Player Goals
1893–94 Celtic (2) Heart of Midlothian St Bernard's McMahon, SandySandy McMahon (Celtic) 16
1894–95 Heart of Midlothian (1) Celtic Rangers Miller, JamesJames Miller (Clyde) 12
1895–96 Celtic (3) Rangers Hibernian Martin, AllanAllan Martin (Celtic) 19
1896–97 Heart of Midlothian (2) Hibernian Rangers Taylor, WillieWillie Taylor (Heart of Midlothian) 12
1897–98 Celtic (4) Rangers Hibernian Hamilton, RobertRobert Hamilton (Rangers) 18
1898–99 Rangers (2) Heart of Midlothian Celtic Hamilton, RobertRobert Hamilton (Rangers) 25
1899–1900 Rangers (3) Celtic Hibernian Hamilton, RobertRobert Hamilton (Rangers)
Michael, WilliamWilliam Michael (Heart of Midlothian)
15
1900–01 Rangers (4) Celtic Hibernian Hamilton, RobertRobert Hamilton (Rangers) 20
1901–02 Rangers (5) Celtic Heart of Midlothian Maxwell, WilliamWilliam Maxwell (Third Lanark) 10
1902–03 Hibernian (1) Dundee Rangers Reid, DavidDavid Reid (Hibernian) 14
1903–04 Third Lanark (1) Heart of Midlothian Celtic and
Rangers
Hamilton, RobertRobert Hamilton (Rangers) 28
1904–05 Celtic (5)[note 2] Rangers Third Lanark Hamilton, RobertRobert Hamilton (Rangers)
Quinn, JimmyJimmy Quinn (Celtic)
19
1905–06 Celtic (6) Heart of Midlothian Airdrieonians Quinn, JimmyJimmy Quinn (Celtic) 20
1906–07 Celtic (7) Dundee Rangers Quinn, JimmyJimmy Quinn (Celtic) 29
1907–08 Celtic (8) Falkirk Rangers Simpson, JockJock Simpson (Falkirk) 32
1908–09 Celtic (9) Dundee Clyde Hunter, JohnJohn Hunter (Dundee) 29
1909–10 Celtic (10) Falkirk Rangers Quinn, JimmyJimmy Quinn (Celtic)
Simpson, JockJock Simpson (Falkirk)
24
1910–11 Rangers (6) Aberdeen Falkirk Reid, WillieWillie Reid (Rangers) 38
1911–12 Rangers (7) Celtic Clyde Reid, WillieWillie Reid (Rangers) 33
1912–13 Rangers (8) Celtic Airdrieonians and
Heart of Midlothian
Reid, JamesJames Reid (Airdrieonians) 30
1913–14 Celtic (11) Rangers Heart of Midlothian and
Morton
Reid, JamesJames Reid (Airdrieonians) 27
1914–15 Celtic (12) Heart of Midlothian Rangers Gracie, TomTom Gracie (Heart of Midlothian)
Richardson, JamesJames Richardson (Ayr United)
29
1915–16 Celtic (13) Rangers Morton McColl, JamesJames McColl (Celtic) 34
1916–17 Celtic (14) Morton Rangers Yarnall, BertBert Yarnall (Airdrieonians) 39
1917–18 Rangers (9) Celtic Kilmarnock and
Morton
Ferguson, HughieHughie Ferguson (Motherwell) 35
1918–19 Celtic (15) Rangers Morton McLean, DavidDavid McLean (Rangers) 29
1919–20 Rangers (10) Celtic Motherwell Ferguson, HughieHughie Ferguson (Motherwell) 33
1920–21 Rangers (11) Celtic Heart of Midlothian Ferguson, HughieHughie Ferguson (Motherwell) 43
1921–22 Celtic (16) Rangers Raith Rovers Walker, DuncanDuncan Walker (St. Mirren) 45
1922–23 Rangers (12) Airdrieonians Celtic White, JockJock White (Heart of Midlothian) 30
1923–24 Rangers (13) Airdrieonians Celtic Halliday, DavidDavid Halliday (Dundee) 38
1924–25 Rangers (14) Airdrieonians Hibernian Devlin, WilliamWilliam Devlin (Cowdenbeath) 33
1925–26 Celtic (17) Airdrieonians Heart of Midlothian Devlin, WilliamWilliam Devlin (Cowdenbeath) 40
1926–27 Rangers (15) Motherwell Celtic McGrory, JimmyJimmy McGrory (Celtic) 49
1927–28 Rangers (16) Celtic Motherwell McGrory, JimmyJimmy McGrory (Celtic) 47
1928–29 Rangers (17) Celtic Motherwell Morrison, EvelynEvelyn Morrison (Falkirk) 43
1929–30 Rangers (18) Motherwell Aberdeen Yorston, BennyBenny Yorston (Aberdeen) 38
1930–31 Rangers (19) Celtic Motherwell Battles, BarneyBarney Battles (Heart of Midlothian) 44
1931–32 Motherwell (1) Rangers Celtic MacFadyen, WillieWillie MacFadyen (Motherwell) 52
1932–33 Rangers (20) Motherwell Heart of Midlothian MacFadyen, WillieWillie MacFadyen (Motherwell) 45
1933–34 Rangers (21) Motherwell Celtic Smith, JimmyJimmy Smith (Rangers) 41
1934–35 Rangers (22) Celtic Heart of Midlothian Smith, JimmyJimmy Smith (Rangers) 36
1935–36 Celtic (18) Rangers Aberdeen McGrory, JimmyJimmy McGrory (Celtic) 50
1936–37 Rangers (23) Aberdeen Celtic Wilson, DavidDavid Wilson (Hamilton Academical) 34
1937–38 Celtic (19) Heart of Midlothian Rangers Black, AndyAndy Black (Heart of Midlothian) 40
1938–39 Rangers (24) Celtic Aberdeen Venters, AlexAlex Venters (Rangers) 35
1939–1946 The league was suspended due to the Second World War.
1946–47 Rangers (25) Hibernian Aberdeen Mitchell, BobbyBobby Mitchell (Third Lanark) 22
1947–48 Hibernian (2) Rangers Partick Thistle Aikman, ArchieArchie Aikman (Falkirk) 20
1948–49 Rangers (26) Dundee Hibernian Stott, AlexAlex Stott (Dundee) 30
1949–50 Rangers (27) Hibernian Heart of Midlothian Bauld, WillieWillie Bauld (Heart of Midlothian) 30
1950–51 Hibernian (3) Rangers Dundee Reilly, LawrieLawrie Reilly (Hibernian) 22
1951–52 Hibernian (4) Rangers East Fife Reilly, LawrieLawrie Reilly (Hibernian) 27
1952–53 Rangers (28) Hibernian East Fife Reilly, LawrieLawrie Reilly (Hibernian)
Fleming, CharlieCharlie Fleming (East Fife)
30
1953–54 Celtic (20) Heart of Midlothian Partick Thistle Wardhaugh, JimmyJimmy Wardhaugh (Heart of Midlothian) 27
1954–55 Aberdeen (1) Celtic Rangers Bauld, WillieWillie Bauld (Heart of Midlothian) 21
1955–56 Rangers (29) Aberdeen Heart of Midlothian Wardhaugh, JimmyJimmy Wardhaugh (Heart of Midlothian) 28
1956–57 Rangers (30) Heart of Midlothian Kilmarnock Baird, HughHugh Baird (Airdrieonians) 33
1957–58 Heart of Midlothian (3) Rangers Celtic Wardhaugh, JimmyJimmy Wardhaugh (Heart of Midlothian)
Murray, JimmyJimmy Murray (Heart of Midlothian)
28
1958–59 Rangers (31) Heart of Midlothian Motherwell Baker, JoeJoe Baker (Hibernian) 25
1959–60 Heart of Midlothian (4) Kilmarnock Rangers Baker, JoeJoe Baker (Hibernian) 42
1960–61 Rangers (32) Kilmarnock Third Lanark Harley, AlexAlex Harley (Third Lanark) 42
1961–62 Dundee (1) Rangers Celtic Gilzean, AlanAlan Gilzean (Dundee) 24
1962–63 Rangers (33) Kilmarnock Partick Thistle Millar, JimmyJimmy Millar (Rangers) 27
1963–64 Rangers (34) Kilmarnock Celtic Gilzean, AlanAlan Gilzean (Dundee) 32
1964–65 Kilmarnock (1) Heart of Midlothian Dunfermline Athletic Forrest, JimJim Forrest (Rangers) 30
1965–66 Celtic (21) Rangers Kilmarnock McBride, JoeJoe McBride (Celtic)
Ferguson, AlexAlex Ferguson (Dunfermline)
31
1966–67 Celtic (22) Rangers Clyde Chalmers, StevieStevie Chalmers (Celtic) 21
1967–68 Celtic (23) Rangers Hibernian Lennox, BobbyBobby Lennox (Celtic) 32
1968–69 Celtic (24) Rangers Dunfermline Athletic Cameron, KennyKenny Cameron (Dundee United) 26
1969–70 Celtic (25) Rangers Hibernian Stein, ColinColin Stein (Rangers) 24
1970–71 Celtic (26) Aberdeen St. Johnstone Hood, HarryHarry Hood (Celtic) 22
1971–72 Celtic (27) Aberdeen Rangers Harper, JoeJoe Harper (Aberdeen) 33
1972–73 Celtic (28) Rangers Hibernian Gordon, AlanAlan Gordon (Hibernian) 27
1973–74 Celtic (29) Hibernian Rangers Deans, John "Dixie"John "Dixie" Deans (Celtic) 26
1974–75 Rangers (35) Hibernian Celtic Gray, AndyAndy Gray (Dundee United)
Pettigrew, WillieWillie Pettigrew (Motherwell)
20

Scottish League Premier Division (1975–1998)[edit]

Year Winner[11] Runner-up[11] Third[11] Top scorer[12]
Player Goals
1975–76 Rangers (36) Celtic Hibernian Dalglish, KennyKenny Dalglish (Celtic) 24
1976–77 Celtic (30) Rangers Aberdeen Pettigrew, WillieWillie Pettigrew (Motherwell) 21
1977–78 Rangers (37) Aberdeen Dundee United Johnstone, DerekDerek Johnstone (Rangers) 25
1978–79 Celtic (31) Rangers Dundee United Ritchie, AndyAndy Ritchie (Morton) 22
1979–80 Aberdeen (2) Celtic St. Mirren Somner, DougDoug Somner (St. Mirren) 25
1980–81 Celtic (32) Aberdeen Rangers McGarvey, FrankFrank McGarvey (Celtic) 23
1981–82 Celtic (33) Aberdeen Rangers McCluskey, GeorgeGeorge McCluskey (Celtic) 21
1982–83 Dundee United (1) Celtic Aberdeen Nicholas, CharlieCharlie Nicholas (Celtic) 29
1983–84 Aberdeen (3) Celtic Dundee United McClair, BrianBrian McClair (Celtic) 23
1984–85 Aberdeen (4) Celtic Dundee United McDougall, FrankFrank McDougall (Aberdeen) 22
1985–86 Celtic (34) Heart of Midlothian Dundee United McCoist, AllyAlly McCoist (Rangers) 24
1986–87 Rangers (38) Celtic Dundee United McClair, BrianBrian McClair (Celtic) 35
1987–88 Celtic (35) Heart of Midlothian Rangers Coyne, TommyTommy Coyne (Dundee) 33
1988–89 Rangers (39) Aberdeen Celtic McGhee, MarkMark McGhee (Celtic)
Nicholas, CharlieCharlie Nicholas (Aberdeen)
16
1989–90 Rangers (40) Aberdeen Heart of Midlothian Robertson, JohnJohn Robertson (Heart of Midlothian) 17
1990–91 Rangers (41) Aberdeen Celtic Coyne, TommyTommy Coyne (Celtic) 18
1991–92 Rangers (42) Heart of Midlothian Celtic McCoist, AllyAlly McCoist (Rangers) 34
1992–93 Rangers (43) Aberdeen Celtic McCoist, AllyAlly McCoist (Rangers) 34
1993–94 Rangers (44) Aberdeen Motherwell Hateley, MarkMark Hateley (Rangers) 22
1994–95 Rangers (45) Motherwell Hibernian Coyne, TommyTommy Coyne (Motherwell) 16
1995–96 Rangers (46) Celtic Aberdeen van Hooijdonk, PierrePierre van Hooijdonk (Celtic) 26
1996–97 Rangers (47) Celtic Dundee United Cadete, JorgeJorge Cadete (Celtic) 25
1997–98 Celtic (36) Rangers Heart of Midlothian Negri, MarcoMarco Negri (Rangers) 32

Scottish Premier League (1998–2013)[edit]

Year Winner[11] Runner-up[11] Third[11] Top scorer[12]
Player Goals
1998–99 Rangers (48) Celtic St. Johnstone Larsson, HenrikHenrik Larsson (Celtic) 29
1999–2000 Rangers (49) Celtic Heart of Midlothian Viduka, MarkMark Viduka (Celtic) 25
2000–01 Celtic (37) Rangers Hibernian Larsson, HenrikHenrik Larsson (Celtic) 35
2001–02 Celtic (38) Rangers Livingston Larsson, HenrikHenrik Larsson (Celtic) 29
2002–03 Rangers (50) Celtic Heart of Midlothian Larsson, HenrikHenrik Larsson (Celtic) 28
2003–04 Celtic (39) Rangers Heart of Midlothian Larsson, HenrikHenrik Larsson (Celtic) 30
2004–05 Rangers (51) Celtic Hibernian Hartson, JohnJohn Hartson (Celtic) 25
2005–06 Celtic (40) Heart of Midlothian Rangers Boyd, KrisKris Boyd (Kilmarnock, Rangers) 32
2006–07 Celtic (41) Rangers Aberdeen Boyd, KrisKris Boyd (Rangers) 20
2007–08 Celtic (42) Rangers Motherwell McDonald, ScottScott McDonald (Celtic) 25
2008–09 Rangers (52) Celtic Heart of Midlothian Boyd, KrisKris Boyd (Rangers) 27
2009–10 Rangers (53) Celtic Dundee United Boyd, KrisKris Boyd (Rangers) 23
2010–11 Rangers (54) Celtic Heart of Midlothian Miller, KennyKenny Miller (Rangers) 21
2011–12 Celtic (43) Rangers Motherwell Gary Hooper (Celtic) 24
2012–13 Celtic (44) Motherwell St. Johnstone Michael Higdon (Motherwell) 26

Scottish Premiership (2013–present)[edit]

Year Winner[11] Runner-up[11] Third[11] Top scorer[12]
Player Goals
2013–14 Celtic (45) Motherwell Aberdeen Commons, KrisKris Commons (Celtic) 27

Total titles won[edit]

Eleven clubs have been champions.

As of 18:08, 11 May 2014 (UTC)
Club Winners Runners-up Third
Rangers[note 3] 54 30 18
Celtic 45 31 17
Heart of Midlothian 4 14 17
Aberdeen 4 13 9
Hibernian 4 6 13
Dumbarton[note 3] 2 0 0
Motherwell 1 7 8
Kilmarnock 1 4 3
Dundee 1 4 1
Dundee United 1 0 8
Third Lanark 1 0 2
Airdrieonians (1878) 0 4 2
Falkirk 0 2 1
Morton[note 4] 0 1 4
Clyde 0 0 3
Partick Thistle 0 0 3
St. Johnstone 0 0 3
Dunfermline Athletic 0 0 2
East Fife 0 0 2
St. Mirren 0 0 2
Livingston 0 0 1
Raith Rovers 0 0 1
St Bernard's 0 0 1

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Rangers and Dumbarton were declared joint champions after the teams finished level on points and a play-off for the title finished in a 2–2 draw.
  2. ^ Celtic defeated Rangers 2–1 in a play-off for the title after the teams finished level on points.
  3. ^ a b The totals for Rangers and Dumbarton each include one shared championship, in 1890–91.
  4. ^ Now known as Greenock Morton

References[edit]

  1. ^ Davies, Hunter (2003). Boots, Balls and Haircuts: An Illustrated History of Football from Then to Now. Cassell Illustrated. p. 39. ISBN 1-84403-261-2. 
  2. ^ "Scotland – List of Champions". RSSSF. 2007-08-22. Retrieved 2008-03-05. 
  3. ^ "Scotland – List of Divisional Movements". RSSSF. 2007-01-03. Retrieved 2008-03-05. 
  4. ^ "History". www.scotprem.premiumtv.co.uk. Scottish Premier League. Archived from the original on 2 February 2007. Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  5. ^ "SPFL: New Scottish league brands unveiled". BBC Sport. BBC. 24 July 2013. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  6. ^ Duncan, Colin (25 April 2013). "Aberdeen stars Dougie Bell & Neil Simpson: We wouldn't have believed our SPL victory would be last for non-Old Firm team". Daily Record (Trinity Mirror). Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  7. ^ "Brief history". www.celticfc.net. Celtic FC. Archived from the original on 29 August 2007. Retrieved 17 December 2013. "1988: Celtic celebrate the centenary season (1987/88) by winning the first "double" in 11 years. The accomplishment marks the 35th league title, and the 28th Scottish Cup." 
  8. ^ "Doing the Double!". RSSSF. 18 April 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2013. 
  9. ^ "1946–1970 An Historic Treble". www.rangers.premiumtv.co.uk. Rangers FC. Archived from the original on 1 July 2007. Retrieved 17 December 2013. "In 1948-49, Rangers became the first team to win the League, the Scottish Cup, and the League Cup in one season. It was the first glorious treble in Scottish football." 
  10. ^ James Dart, Paolo Bandini and Sean Armstrong (2007-02-28). "The sulkiest football walk-offs ever". The Guardian. Retrieved 2008-03-05. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Barnes, Stuart (2007). News of the World Football Annual 2007/2008. Invincible Press. pp. 159–161. ISBN 0-00-725555-1. 
  12. ^ a b c d e "Scotland - List of Topscorers". RSSSF. 2007-06-14. Retrieved 2008-03-13.