List of Secretaries of State of the United States

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United States
Secretary of State
Department of state.svg
Official Seal
John Kerry official Secretary of State portrait.jpg
Incumbent
John F. Kerry

since February 1, 2013
United States Department of State
Appointer President of United States
Inaugural holder Thomas Jefferson
Formation July 27, 1789
Succession Fourth
Website www.state.gov

List of Secretaries of State[edit]

Parties
  Whig
Status
  Denotes acting Secretary of State
No. Portrait Name State of Residence Took Office Left Office President(s)
- John Jay John Jay[A]
as United States Secretary of Foreign Affairs
New York September 26, 1789 March 22, 1790 George Washington
1 Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson[M] Virginia March 22, 1790 December 31, 1793
2 Edmund Randolph Edmund J. Randolph Virginia January 2, 1794 August 20, 1795
3 Timothy Pickering Timothy Pickering Massachusetts August 20, 1795 December 10, 1795[B]
December 10, 1795 March 4, 1797
March 4, 1797 May 12, 1800 John Adams
- Charles Lee, AG.gif Charles Lee[C]
(acting)
Virginia May 13, 1800 June 5, 1800
4 John Marshall John Marshall Virginia June 13, 1800 March 4, 1801
- Levi Lincoln Sr. by William Sullivan.jpg Levi Lincoln, Sr.[C]
(acting)
Massachusetts March 5, 1801 May 1, 1801 Thomas Jefferson
5 James Madison James Madison[M] Virginia May 2, 1801 March 3, 1809
6 Robert Smith Robert Smith Maryland March 6, 1809 April 1, 1811 James Madison
7 James Monroe James Monroe[M] Virginia April 2, 1811 September 30, 1814
September 30, 1814 February 28, 1815[B]
February 28, 1815 March 3, 1817
- John Graham
(acting)
Kentucky March 4, 1817 March 9, 1817 James Monroe
- Richard Rush engraving.png Richard Rush[C]
(acting)
Pennsylvania March 10, 1817 September 22, 1817
8 John Quincy Adams John Quincy Adams[M] Massachusetts March 5, 1817 March 3, 1825
- Daniel Brent
(acting)
March 4, 1825 March 7, 1825 John Quincy Adams
9 Henry Clay Henry Clay Kentucky March 7, 1825 March 3, 1829
- James A. Hamilton
(acting)
New York March 4, 1829 March 27, 1829 Andrew Jackson
10 Martin Van Buren Martin Van Buren[M] New York March 28, 1829 May 23, 1831
11 Edward Livingston Edward Livingston Louisiana May 24, 1831 May 29, 1833
12 Louis McLane Louis McLane Delaware May 29, 1833 June 30, 1834
13 John Forsyth John Forsyth Georgia July 1, 1834 March 4, 1837
March 4, 1837 March 3, 1841 Martin Van Buren
- Jacob L. Martin
(acting)
March 4, 1841 March 5, 1841 William Harrison
14 Daniel Webster Daniel Webster Massachusetts March 6, 1841 April 4, 1841
April 8, 1841 May 8, 1843 John Tyler
- Hugh S. Legaré.jpg Hugh S. Legaré
(acting)
South Carolina May 9, 1843 June 20, 1843
- William S. Derrick
(acting)
June 21, 1843 June 23, 1843
15 Abel P. Upshur Abel P. Upshur Virginia June 24, 1843 July 23, 1843[D]
July 24, 1843 February 28, 1844
- John Nelson John Nelson[C]
(acting)
Maryland February 29, 1844 March 31, 1844
16 John C. Calhoun John C. Calhoun South Carolina April 1, 1844 March 10, 1845[E]
17 James Buchanan James Buchanan[M] Pennsylvania March 10, 1845 March 7, 1849[E] James K. Polk[E]
18 John M. Clayton John M. Clayton Delaware March 8, 1849 July 9, 1850 Zachary Taylor
July 9, 1850 July 22, 1850 Millard Fillmore
19 Daniel Webster Daniel Webster Massachusetts July 23, 1850 October 24, 1852
- Charles Magill Conrad.jpg Charles M. Conrad[B]
(acting)
Louisiana October 25, 1852 November 5, 1852
20 Edward Everett Edward Everett Massachusetts November 6, 1852 March 3, 1853
- William Hunter (Asst. Sec. of State).jpg William Hunter[F]
(acting)
Rhode Island March 4, 1853 March 7, 1853 Franklin Pierce
21 William L. Marcy William L. Marcy New York March 7, 1853 March 6, 1857[E]
22 Lewis Cass Lewis Cass Michigan March 6, 1857 December 14, 1860 James Buchanan
- William Hunter (Asst. Sec. of State).jpg William Hunter
(acting)
Rhode Island December 15, 1860 December 16, 1860
23 Jermiah S. Black Jeremiah S. Black Pennsylvania December 17, 1860 March 5, 1861[E]
24 William M. Seward William H. Seward New York March 5, 1861 April 15, 1865 Abraham Lincoln
April 15, 1865 March 4, 1869 Andrew Johnson
25 Elihu B. Washburne Elihu B. Washburne Illinois March 5, 1869 March 16, 1869 Ulysses S. Grant
26 Hamilton Fish Hamilton Fish New York March 17, 1869 March 12, 1877[E]
27 William M. Evarts William M. Evarts New York March 12, 1877 March 7, 1881 Rutherford B. Hayes[E]
28 James G. Blaine James G. Blaine Maine March 7, 1881 September 19, 1881 James A. Garfield
September 19, 1881 December 19, 1881 Chester A. Arthur
29 Frederick T. Frelinghuysen Frederick T. Frelinghuysen New Jersey December 19, 1881 March 6, 1885[E]
30 Thomas F. Bayard Thomas F. Bayard, Sr. Delaware March 7, 1885 March 6, 1889 Grover Cleveland[E]
31 James G. Blaine James G. Blaine Maine March 7, 1889 June 4, 1892 Benjamin Harrison
- William F. Wharton.jpg William F. Wharton[G]
(acting)
Massachusetts June 4, 1892 June 29, 1892
32 John W. Foster John W. Foster Indiana June 29, 1892 February 23, 1893
- William F. Wharton.jpg William F. Wharton[G]
(acting)
Massachusetts February 24, 1893 March 6, 1893
Grover Cleveland
33 Walter Q. Gresham Walter Q. Gresham Illinois March 7, 1893 May 28, 1895
- Edwin F. Uhl[G]
(acting)
Michigan May 28, 1895 June 9, 1895
34 Richard Olney Richard Olney Massachusetts June 10, 1895 March 5, 1897[E]
35 John Sherman John Sherman Ohio March 6, 1897 April 27, 1898 William McKinley
36 William R. Day William R. Day Ohio April 28, 1898 September 16, 1898
- AAAoftheState.jpg Alvey A. Adee[H]
(acting)
New York September 17, 1898 September 29, 1898
37 John Hay John M. Hay District of Columbia September 30, 1898 September 14, 1901
September 14, 1901 July 1, 1905 Theodore Roosevelt
- Francis B. Loomis (sketch).gif Francis B. Loomis[G]
(acting)
Ohio July 1, 1905 July 18, 1905
38 Elihu Root Elihu Root New York July 19, 1905 January 27, 1909
39 Robert Bacon Robert Bacon New York January 27, 1909 March 5, 1909[E]
40 Philander C. Knox Philander C. Knox Pennsylvania March 6, 1909 March 5, 1913 William Howard Taft[E]
41 William Jennings Bryan William Jennings Bryan Nebraska March 5, 1913 June 9, 1915 Woodrow Wilson
42 Robert Lansing Robert Lansing New York June 9, 1915 June 23, 1915
June 24, 1915 February 13, 1920
- Frank Polk Frank Polk[I]
(acting)
New York February 14, 1920 March 12, 1920
43 Bainbridge Colby Bainbridge Colby New York March 23, 1920 March 4, 1921
44 Charles Evans Hughes Charles Evans Hughes New York March 5, 1921 August 2, 1923 Warren G. Harding
August 2, 1923 March 4, 1925 Calvin Coolidge
45 Frank B. Kellogg Frank B. Kellogg Minnesota March 5, 1925 March 4, 1929
March 4, 1929 March 28, 1929 Herbert Hoover
46 Henry L. Stimson Henry L. Stimson New York March 28, 1929 March 4, 1933
47 Cordell Hull Cordell Hull Tennessee March 4, 1933 November 30, 1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt
48 Edward R. Stettinius, Jr. Edward R. Stettinius, Jr. Virginia December 1, 1944 April 12, 1945
April 12, 1945 June 27, 1945 Harry S. Truman
- Ambassador Grew.jpg Joseph Grew[I]
(acting)
New Hampshire June 28, 1945 July 3, 1945
49 James F. Byrnes James F. Byrnes South Carolina July 3, 1945 January 21, 1947
50 George C. Marshall George C. Marshall Pennsylvania January 21, 1947 January 20, 1949
51 Dean G. Acheson Dean G. Acheson Connecticut January 21, 1949 January 20, 1953
- Harrison F. Matthews[J]
(acting)
Maryland January 20, 1953 January 21, 1953 Dwight D. Eisenhower
52 John Foster Dulles John Foster Dulles New York January 21, 1953 April 22, 1959
53 Christian A. Herter Christian A. Herter Massachusetts April 22, 1959 January 20, 1961
- Livingston T. Merchant.jpg Livingston T. Merchant
(acting)
District of Columbia January 20, 1961 January 21, 1961 John F. Kennedy
54 Dean Rusk Dean Rusk New York January 21, 1961 November 22, 1963
November 22, 1963 January 20, 1969 Lyndon B. Johnson
- Charles Bohlen.png Charles E. Bohlen
(acting)
Washington, DC January 20, 1969 January 22, 1969 Richard Nixon
55 William P. Rogers William P. Rogers Maryland January 22, 1969 September 3, 1973
- Kenneth-Rush-1977.jpg Kenneth Rush
(acting)
Florida September 3, 1973 September 22, 1973
56 Henry A. Kissinger Henry A. Kissinger District of Columbia September 22, 1973 August 9, 1974
August 9, 1974 January 20, 1977 Gerald Ford
- Philiphabib.jpg Philip Habib
(acting)
California January 20, 1977 January 23, 1977 Jimmy Carter
57 Cyrus R. Vance Cyrus R. Vance New York January 23, 1977 April 28, 1980
- Image-Warren Christopher.jpg Warren Christopher[K][1]
(acting)
California April 28, 1980 May 2, 1980
- David D. Newsom[L][1]
(acting)
May 2, 1980 May 3, 1980
- Richard N. Cooper[N][1]
(acting)
May 3, 1980
- David D. Newsom[L][1]
(acting)
May 3, 1980 May 4, 1980
- Image-Warren Christopher.jpg Warren Christopher[K][1]
(acting)
California May 4, 1980 May 8, 1980
58 Edmund S. Muskie Edmund S. Muskie Maine May 8, 1980 January 20, 1981
59 Alexander M. Haig, Jr. Alexander M. Haig, Jr. Connecticut January 22, 1981 July 5, 1982 Ronald Reagan
- Walter John Stoessel Walter J. Stoessel[K]
(acting)
California July 5, 1982 July 16, 1982
60 George P. Shultz George P. Shultz California July 16, 1982 January 20, 1989
- Michael Armacost[L]
(acting)
Maryland January 20, 1989 January 25, 1989 George H. W. Bush
61 James A. Baker James A. Baker Texas January 25, 1989 August 23, 1992
62 Lawrence S. Eagleburger Lawrence S. Eagleburger Florida August 23, 1992 December 8, 1992[K]
December 8, 1992 January 20, 1993
- Arnold Kanter[L][2]
(acting)
Virginia January 20, 1993 Bill Clinton
- Frank G. Wisner as Ambassador.png Frank G. Wisner[O][2]
(acting)
January 20, 1993
63 Warren M. Christopher Warren M. Christopher California January 20, 1993 January 17, 1997
64 Madeleine Albright Madeleine Albright District of Columbia January 23, 1997 January 20, 2001
65 Colin L. Powell Colin L. Powell New York January 20, 2001 January 26, 2005 George W. Bush
66 Condoleezza Rice Condoleezza Rice California January 26, 2005 January 20, 2009
- AmbassadorBurns.jpg William Joseph Burns
(acting)
District of Columbia January 20, 2009 January 21, 2009 Barack Obama
67 Hillary Clinton Hillary Clinton New York January 21, 2009 February 1, 2013
68 John F. Kerry John F. Kerry Massachusetts February 1, 2013 Incumbent

Living former Secretaries of State[edit]

As of July 2014, there are seven living former Secretaries of State. The most recent Secretary of State to pass away was Lawrence Eagleburger (1992–1993), on June 4, 2011.

Name Term of office Date of birth
Henry A. Kissinger 1973–1977 (1923-05-27) May 27, 1923 (age 91)
George P. Shultz 1982–1989 (1920-12-13) December 13, 1920 (age 93)
James A. Baker 1989–1992 (1930-04-28) April 28, 1930 (age 84)
Madeleine Albright 1997–2001 (1937-05-15) May 15, 1937 (age 77)
Colin L. Powell 2001–2005 (1937-04-05) April 5, 1937 (age 77)
Condoleezza Rice 2005–2009 (1954-11-14) November 14, 1954 (age 59)
Hillary Clinton 2009–2013 (1947-10-26) October 26, 1947 (age 66)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]