List of Shiva temples in India

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Shiva is a Hindu deity worshipped by Shaivaites in India as the destroyer of the universe. As one of the three main gods in the Hindu pantheon, there are many temples dedicated to his worship in India (and abroad). The most prominent of these are the Jyotirlinga temples.

Jyotirlinga temples[edit]

List of Shiva temples in India is located in India
Somnath
Somnath
Mallikarjunaswamy
Mallikarjunaswamy
Mahakaleshwar
Mahakaleshwar
Omkareshwar
Omkareshwar
Vaidyanath
Vaidyanath
Bhimahankar
Bhimahankar
Rameshwaram
Rameshwaram
Nageshwar
Nageshwar
Vishwanath
Vishwanath
Triambkeshwar
Triambkeshwar
Kedarnath
Kedarnath
Grineshwar
Grineshwar
Location of 12 Jyotirlinga Temples.

The holiest Shiva temple is Pashupatinath Temple, located in Nepal. Other holiest Shiva temples are the 12 Jyotirlinga temples.

Jyotirlinga Location
Pashupatinath Pashupatinath ritesh.JPG Kathmandu, Nepal
Somnath Somanatha view-II.JPG Prabhas Patan, near Veraval, Gujarat
Mahakaleshwar Mahakal Temple Ujjain.JPG Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh
Omkareshwar Omkareshwar Temple 01.jpg near Indore, Madhya Pradesh
Kedarnath Kedarnath Temple.jpg Kedarnath, Uttarakhand
Bhimashankar Bhimashankar.jpg Pune, Maharashtra
Kashi Vishwanath Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
Trimbakeshwar Trimbakeshwar Shiva Temple, Trimbak, Nashik district.jpg Trimbak, near Nasik, Maharashtra
Ramanathaswamy Ramanathar-temple.jpg Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu
Grishneshwar Grishneshwar Temple.jpg Ellora, Maharashtra
Vaidyanath Deoghar, Jharkhand
Nageshwar Jageshwar main.JPG Almora, Uttarakhand
Mallikarjuna Swamy Srisailam-temple-entrance.jpg Srisailam, Andhra Pradesh

Pancha Bootha Sthalas (Five Elemental Manifestations)[edit]

In South India, five temples of Shiva are held to be particularly important, as being manifestations of him in the five elemental substances.

Deity Manifestation Location
Jambukeshwar Tvkoil.JPG Water Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu
Arunachaleswar View over Arunchaleshvara Temple from the Red Mountain - Tiruvannamalai - India 01.JPG Fire Thiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu
Kalahastheeswar Kalahasti temple1.jpg Air Srikalahasti, Andhra Pradesh
Ekambareswar Ekambareshwarar5.jpg Earth Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu
Nataraja Natraja Temple.jpg Sky Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu
Shiva Natraja Temple.jpg Sky Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu

Panchaaraama temples[edit]

The Pancharama Kshetras (or the Pancharamas) are five ancient Hindu temples of Lord Shiva situated in Andhra Pradesh. The Sivalingas at these temples are made from a single Sivalinga. As per the legend, this Sivalinga was owned by the demon king Tarakasura. No one could win over him due to the power of this Sivalinga. Finally, Lord Kumaraswamy, the son of Lord Shiva broke the Sivalinga into five pieces and killed Tarakasura. The five pieces of Sivalinga fell at five different places on earth namely,

Bhimesvara Swamy Temple in Draksharama, one of the Pancharama Kshetras
Arama Name Siva's Name Consort Name Location
Amararama Amaralingeswara Swamy Bala Chamundika Ammavaru Amaravathi
Draksharama Bhimesvara Swamy Manikyamba Ammavaru Draksharama
Somarama Someswara Swamy Sri Rajarajeswari Ammavaru Bhimavaram
Ksheerarama Ksheera Ramalingeswara Swamy Parvati Ammavaru Palakol
Bhimarama Kumara Bhimeswara Swamy Bala Tripurasundari Ammavaru Samalkota

Sabha temples[edit]

The five temples located in Tamil Nadu where Shiva is believed to perform Bharata Natyam dance are:

Sabha Temple Location
Pon (Gold) Sabha Natarajar Temple Chidambaram
Velli (Silver) Sabha Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple Madurai
Thamira (Copper) Sabha Nellaiappar Temple Tirunelveli
Rathna (Gem) Sabha Sri Vadaranyeswarar Temple Thiruvalangadu
Chitira (Picture) Sabha Kutraleeswar Temple Kutralam

Other famous temples in India[edit]

Famous temples in other countries[edit]