Outline of Sikhism

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The following outline is presented as an overview of and topical guide to Sikhism:

Sikhismmonotheistic religion founded in the fifteenth century upon the teachings of Guru Nanak and ten succeeding Gurus (the last one being the sacred text Guru Granth Sahib), emphasizing universal, selfless love and brotherhood. "Only those who selflessly love everyone, they alone shall find God". It is the fifth-largest organized religion in the world[1] and one of the fastest-growing.[2]

Nature of Sikhism[edit]

Main article: Sikhism

The Khanda is the symbol of Sikhism.

Baptised or Khalsa Sikhs wear the Five Ks:

Sikh scripture[edit]

Guru Granth Sahib[edit]

Guru Granth Sahib

Sikh religious philosophy[edit]

Sikh philosophy

Sikh Practices[edit]

Sikh practices[edit]

Main article: Sikh practices
  • Sikh Rehat Maryada
  • Nanakshahi calendar
  • Ardās
  • Amrit – elixir of immortality - the sanctified nectar or sugar water substitute used in ceremonies. It is prepared by stirring it in an iron bowl with the double-edged sword and continuous recitation of five banis by the five selected members of the Khalsa.
  • Anand Karaj – Sikh marriage ceremony, meaning "Blissful Union" or "Joyful Union". It was introduced by Guru Amar Das.
  • Antam Sanskar
  • Charhdi Kala
  • Dasvand
  • Jhatka - licit meat: from an animal that has been killed by a single strike of a sword or axe to sever the head
  • Kirtan – call-and-response chanting
  • Langar – communal kitchen where free food is distributed to all comers
  • Nāma
  • Naam Karan
  • Naam Japo

Sikh ceremonies[edit]

Sikh geography[edit]

Map of Ranjit Singh's empire at its peak.
Harmandir Sahib (the Golden Temple) at night, in Amritsar, India

Sikhism by country[edit]

Gurdwaras[edit]

The Harmandir Sahib, Sikh Gurdwara and spiritual centre at Amritsar, India.

Category:Gurdwaras

Main article: Gurdwara

Gurdwaras in India[edit]

Gurdwaras in Pakistan[edit]

Gurdwaras in Hong Kong[edit]

Gurdwaras in Malaysia[edit]

Gurdwaras in Singapore[edit]

Gurdwaras in Canada[edit]

Gurdwaras in the United States[edit]

Sikh politics[edit]

A proposed flag for Khalistan

History of Sikhism[edit]

Main article: History of Sikhism

Sikh culture[edit]

Sikh people[edit]

Sikh man in turban

Sikh Gurus[edit]

  • Sikh Gurus
    • Guru Nanak Dev[7] (15 April 1469 – 22 September 1539) – founder of the religion of Sikhism and the first of the ten Sikh Gurus. The Sikhs believe that all subsequent Gurus possessed Guru Nanak’s divinity and religious authority.
    • Guru Angad Dev (31 March 1504 – 28 March 1552) – disciple of Guru Nanak Dev and second of the ten Sikh Gurus.
    • Guru Amar Das (5 May 1479 – 1 September 1574) – third of the ten Sikh Gurus, given the title on 26 March 1552 (at the age of 72).
    • Guru Ram Das (24 September 1534[1] – 1 September 1581) – fourth of the ten Sikh Gurus, given the title on 30 August 1574.
    • Guru Arjan Dev (15 April 1563 – 30 May 1606) – fifth of the ten Sikh Gurus, given the title on 1 September 1581. He was arrested and executed by Jahangir in 1606.[8]
    • Guru Har Gobind (19 June 1595–2 March 1644) – son of Guru Arjan Dev and the sixth of the ten Sikh Gurus, given the title on 25 May 1606.
    • Guru Har Rai (26 February 1630 – 6 October 1661) – grandson of Guru Har Gobind and seventh of the ten Sikh Gurus, given the title on 8 March 1644.
    • Guru Har Krishan (7 July 1656 – 30 March 1664) – son of Guru Har Rai and eighth of the ten Sikh Gurus, given the title on 7 October 1661.
    • Guru Tegh Bahadur (1 April 1621 – 11 November 1675) – grand uncle of Guru Har Krishan and ninth of the ten Sikh Gurus, given the title on 20 March 1665. He was executed on the orders of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi.[9]
    • Guru Gobind Singh – son of Guru Tegh Bahadur and tenth of the ten Sikh Gurus, given the title on 1 November 1675 when he was only nine years old. He named a book as his successor...
    • Guru Granth Sahib – the religious text of Sikhism, said to be the sole and final successor of the line of gurus,[10] the final and eternal guru of the Sikhs.[11]

Other esteemed Sikh individuals[edit]

Sikh education[edit]

Sikh literature[edit]

Category:Sikh literature

General concepts[edit]

  • Bani – verses. An abbreviation of Gurbani, applied to any of the writings which appear in the Guru Granth Sahib.
  • Bhagat Bani – Any of the writings which appear in the Guru Granth Sahib which were not written by the Gurus.
  • Daan – Charity. One of the 3 petitions - Naam, Daan, Ishnan.
  • Dasband (daswand) – 10% of earnings donated to the less advantaged.
  • Dastar – Turban (Pugree). It is an inseparable part of Sikh dress and is mandatory for a Sikh to tie his turban according to Sri Guru Granth Sahib and the Sikh 'Code of Conduct'.
  • Dharam di Kirat – to earn an honest living.
  • Diet in Sikhism
  • Diwali
  • Ek Onkar
  • Gatka – Sikh martial art
  • Gurbani – Collective writings of the Sikh Gurus. (See bani.)
  • Gurdwara, gurudwara – Place of worship, meaning "God's door", or God's place
  • Gurmukh – Person who is spiritually centered. (See manmukh.) A person who lives within the will of God and accepts all good and bad that happens to ones self without question or annoyance.
  • Gurmukhi – The written form of Punjabi used in the Sikh scriptures propagated by Guru Nanak and Guru Angad. Gurmukhi script is also called 'Paintis Akhri' because it contains thirty-five letters.
  • Gutka – Prayerbook containing daily prayers.
  • Harmandir Sahib
  • Hinduism
  • History of the Punjab
  • Ik Onkar
  • Ishnan – Purity of mind and body. One of the three petitions - Naam, Daan, Ishnan.
  • Islam
  • Jap – Recite.
  • Japji Sahib – The first 8 pages of the Siri Guru Granth Sahib (Sikh holy scripture), consisting of hymns composed by Guru Nanak.
  • Jayadeva in Sikhism - Wrote two hymns that are in the guru granth.
  • Jhatka – Meat of an animal which has been killed quickly with one stroke. Sikhs eat jhatka meat of any animal but cannot eat halal (kuttha) meat, where the animal has been slowly bled to death. This would also apply to kosher meat or any other animal sacrificed in the name of God.
  • Kakke – Panj (5) K's that must be worn by Sikhs.
  • Kaur – Princess. Female Sikh middle name or surname
  • Khalsa – Pure - must carry panj kakkar
  • Khalsa Panth
  • Khanda - A symbol of the Sikh faith (as well as being an Indian-double edged sword); also appearing on the Nishan Sahib which flies over gurdwaras.
  • Kirat karō (kirat karni) – One of the three primary pillars of Sikhism, the others being Naam Japo and Wand kay Shako. The term means to earn an honest, pure and dedicated living.
  • Kirtan
  • Kurahit kurahat – The cardinal sins for the Sikhs. These are cutting, trimming, shaving or removing hairs from one’s body, eating kuttha meat, using tobacco or any other intoxicant in any form or committing adultery.
  • Kuttha – Meat killed in a sacrificial manner, such as Halal or Kosher.
  • Laava
  • Manmukh – A self-centered person, contrast gurmukh. A person who lives within the will of the Mind as opposed to the will of god.
  • Mela Maghi
  • Mul Mantra – Basic statement of creed.
  • Naam – Name. Remembrance of the divine name.
  • Nām Japō, Naam japna – Recitation and meditation on the Naam of the Lord.
  • Nanakshahi calendar
  • Nirankari
  • Nitnem – Daily prayers which begin with Japji Sahib and are written in a Gutka (prayerbook).
  • Panj dokh – The 5 thieves/betrayers. Ahankar (pride), Kam (lust), Krodh (anger), Lobh (greed) and Moh (worldly attachment)
  • Panj Kakke – The Five K's; the five external symbols worn by both male and female Sikhs. The name of each symbol starts with the letter k (kakka); kaccha, kanga, kara, kesh and kirpan.
  • Panj virtues – Daya (compassion), Nimrata (humility), Pyaar (love), Santokh (contentment) and Sat (truth).
  • Panj weapons – Chardi Kala (positive energy), Daan (charity), Dayan (kindness) Nimarta (humility), Santokh (contentment)
  • Panj – The number 5
  • Patit – Apostate
  • Pugree – Dastar, turban. It is an inseparable part of Sikh dress and is mandatory for a Sikh to tie his turban according to Sri Guru Granth Sahib and the Sikh 'Code of Conduct'.
  • Sangat – Society (congregation) see Panth.
  • Sarbat da Bhalla – Welfare of mankind (sarbat = mankind, bhalla = welfare)
  • Sarbloh Warriors - a computer game based around Sikh resistance against Mughal rule
  • Sardar
  • Satguru
  • SGPC (Shiromani Gurudwara Prabhandak Committee) –
  • Shabad, Śábda – The hymns contained in Sikh scriptures.
  • Shaheed – Title used before the name of a person who has died as a Sikh martyr.
  • Sikh
  • Sikh Bhagats
  • Sikh Empire
  • Sikh Light Infantry
  • Sikh Regiment
  • Simran – Simran is the remembrance of Waheguru. Guru Nanak formed a new type of Bakti beginning with Simran and Jap of Waheguru Gurmantar.
  • Singh Sabha
  • Singh – Lion. Male Sikh middle or surname title.
  • Sloka – Stanza. The Sanskrit epic metre formed of thirty-two syllables – verses of two lines (distich) of sixteen syllables each or in four half-lines (hemistich) of each syllables each. Japu (recitation) comprises an introductory sloka, 38 stanzas traditionally called pauris and a concluding sloka attributed by some to Guru Angad.
  • Sukhmani – the Psalm of Peace.
  • Takht
  • Takhat
  • Tankhah – Salary, payment also social offense - He is not to commit any of the social offences (Tankhah), such as giving dowry, using liquors and intoxicants, raising monuments over graves and associating with apostates.
  • Turban – Dastar (Pugree). It is an inseparable part of Sikh dress and is mandatory for a Sikh to tie his turban according to Sri Guru Granth Sahib and the Sikh 'Code of Conduct'.
  • Udasis
  • Waheguru (ਵਾਹਗੁਰੂ) – Wonderful is the Lord.

Notes[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Adherents.com. "Religions by adherents" (PHP). Retrieved 2007-02-09. 
  2. ^ "The List: The World's -Growing Religions". Foreign Policy (Foreign Policy). Retrieved 5 November 2010. 
  3. ^ Colonist, Times (2008-03-11). "Sikh separatists in Canada concern Indian government". Canada.com. Retrieved 2010-01-22. 
  4. ^ "25 years on, few takers for Khalistan in Canada". Thaindian.com. Retrieved 2010-01-22. 
  5. ^ The foreign policy of Pakistan: ethnic impacts on diplomacy, 1971–1994. ISBN 1-86064-169-5. Mehtab Ali Shah: “Such is the political, psychological and religious attachment of the Sikhs to that city that a Khalistan without Lahore would be like a Germany without Berlin.
  6. ^ Amritsar to Lahore: a journey across the India-Pakistan border. Stephen Alter. ISBN 0-8122-1743-8Ever since the separatist movement gathered force in the 1980s, Pakistan has sided with the Sikhs, even though the territorial ambitions of Khalistan include Lahore and sections of the Punjab on both sides of the border.
  7. ^ Guru Nanak may be referred to by many other names and titles such as "Baba Nanak" or "Nanak Shah".
  8. ^ N. Jayapalan (2001). History of India. Atlantic. p. 160. ISBN 978-81-7156-928-1. 
  9. ^ A Gateway to Sikhism | Sri Guru Tegh Bhadur Sahib J - A Gateway to Sikhism
  10. ^ Deol, Harnik (2000). Religion and Nationalism in India. Routledge. p. 62. ISBN 0-415-20108-X. 
  11. ^ Keene, Michael (2003). Online Worksheets. Nelson Thornes. p. 38. ISBN 0-7487-7159-X. 

External links[edit]