List of Sites of Special Scientific Interest in Greater London

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Greater London is split by the River Thames. The London region has a population of 7,512,400 within an area of 1,579 km², making it the second-largest populated region in the United Kingdom.[1] However, even though it is one of the largest urban conglomerations in Europe, almost two-thirds of London is made up of greenspace and wetlands, consisting primarily of extensive areas of green belt, large parks and the Thames basin.[2] As of 2014, there are 37 sites designated within this Area of Search, 30 of which have been designated for their biological interest and 7 for their geological interest.[3][4]

In England, the body responsible for designating Sites of Special Scientific Interests is Natural England, which chooses sites because of their fauna, flora, geological or physiographical features.[5] Natural England took over the role of designating and managing SSSIs from English Nature in October 2006 when it was formed from the amalgamation of English Nature, parts of the Countryside Agency and the Rural Development Service. The data in the table is taken from Natural England's website in the form of citation sheets for each SSSI.[6]

For other counties, see List of Sites of Special Scientific Interest by Area of Search.

Sites[edit]

Access

  • YES = free public access to all or most of the site
  • PP = free public access to part of the site
  • PL = public access at limited times
  • NO = no public access
Site name Photograph Biol.
interest
Geol.
interest
Ha[A] Acres Grid ref[B][C] Year
notified[D]
Map[E] Access Borough[F]
Abbey Wood Abbey Wood 'Fossil Bed'.JPG   Green tickY 6.3 15.7 51°29′13″N 0°07′46″E / 51.48706°N 0.12942°E / 51.48706; 0.12942 (Abbey Wood)
TQ481786
1975  Map  YES Bexley
Barn Elms Wetland Centre Perch at the WWT London Wetland Centre - geograph.org.uk - 1446536.jpg Green tickY   29.9 73.8 51°28′43″N 0°13′59″W / 51.4786°N 0.2331°W / 51.4786; -0.2331 (Barn Elms Wetland Centre)
TQ228770
2002  Map  YES Richmond upon Thames
Bentley Priory Bentley Priory Summerhouse Lake 1.jpg Green tickY   55.1 136.2 51°37′19″N 0°19′48″W / 51.622°N 0.330°W / 51.622; -0.330 (Bentley Priory)
TQ156297
1990  Map  YES Harrow
Brent Reservoir Welsh Harp Nature Reserve, London Borough of Barnet, NW9 (2050775047).jpg Green tickY   68.6 169.6 51°34′16″N 0°14′42″W / 51.571°N 0.245°W / 51.571; -0.245 (Brent Reservoir)
TQ217873
1985  Map  YES Barnet
Brent
Bushy Park and Home Park BushyParkAutumn.jpg Green tickY   541.0 1,337.5 51°24′04″N 0°20′06″W / 51.4010°N 0.3349°W / 51.4010; -0.3349 (Bushy Park and Home Park)
TQ159692
2014  Map  YES Richmond upon Thames
Chingford Reservoirs King George V Reservoir.jpg Green tickY   316.3 781.7 51°38′23″N 0°01′13″W / 51.6398°N 0.0202°W / 51.6398; -0.0202 (Chingford Reservoirs)
TQ371953
1986  Map  NO Enfield
Waltham Forest
Epping Forest
Crofton Woods Crofton Wood, Kyd Brook.JPG Green tickY   76.6 198.8 51°22′44″N 0°03′47″E / 51.379°N 0.063°E / 51.379; 0.063 (Crofton Wood)
TQ437665
1989  Map  YES Bromley
Croham Hurst Croham Hurst view.jpg Green tickY   33.6 83.0 51°21′03″N 0°04′38″W / 51.3509°N 0.0773°W / 51.3509; -0.0773 (Croham Hurst)
TQ338632
1984  Map  YES Croydon
Denham Lock Wood Denham Lock Wood path.jpg Green tickY   6.3 15.5 51°33′58″N 0°28′44″W / 51.566°N 0.479°W / 51.566; -0.479 (Denham Lock Wood)
TQ05863
1986  Map  YES Hillingdon
Downe Bank and High Elms High Elms pond.jpg Green tickY   86.8 214.6 51°19′52″N 0°03′50″E / 51.331°N 0.064°E / 51.331; 0.064 (Downe Bank)
TQ438610
51°21′04″N 0°04′30″E / 51.351°N 0.075°E / 51.351; 0.075 (High Elms)
TQ446625
1981  Map  YES Bromley
Elmstead Pit   Green tickY <0.1 0.13 51°25′02″N 0°02′43″E / 51.4171°N 0.0453°E / 51.4171; 0.0453 (Elmstead Pit)
TQ42327066
1985  Map  NO Bromley
Epping Forest Epping Forest, Strawberry Hill Pond - geograph.org.uk - 548653.jpg Green tickY   1,728.0 4,270.0 51°40′N 0°03′E / 51.66°N 0.05°E / 51.66; 0.05 (Epping Forest)
TL475035
TQ405865
1990  Map  YES Waltham Forest
Redbridge
Epping Forest
Farthing Downs and Happy Valley Farthing Downs grassland.JPG Green tickY   120.5 297.8 51°17′56″N 0°07′55″W / 51.299°N 0.132°W / 51.299; -0.132 (Farthing Downs and Happy Valley)
TQ303572
1987  Map  YES Croydon
Frays Farm Meadows Frays Farm Meadows horses.jpg Green tickY   28.2 69.8 51°33′50″N 0°28′35″W / 51.5639°N 0.4765°W / 51.5639; -0.4765 (Frays Farm Meadows)
TQ057861
1984  Map  YES Hillingdon
Gilbert's Pit Gilberts Pit, London Borough of Greenwich, SE7 (2252315297).jpg   Green tickY 5.2 12.8 51°29′20″N 0°02′30″E / 51.4888°N 0.0418°E / 51.4888; 0.0418 (Gilbert's Pit)
TQ418786
1985  Map  PP Greenwich
Hainault Forest Sheep Water Pond, Hainault Forest - geograph.org.uk - 280577.jpg Green tickY   136.0 336.0 51°37′25″N 0°07′56″E / 51.6236°N 0.1323°E / 51.6236; 0.1323 (Hainault Forest)
TQ477938
1986  Map  YES Redbridge
Epping Forest
Hampstead Heath Woods Ken Wood, Hampstead Heath 3.JPG Green tickY   16.6 41.1 51°34′20″N 0°10′08″W / 51.5721°N 0.1689°W / 51.5721; -0.1689 (North Wood, Hampstead Heath)
TQ270875
51°34′03″N 0°10′03″W / 51.5676°N 0.1676°W / 51.5676; -0.1676 (Ken Wood, Hampstead Heath)
TQ271870
1990  Map  YES Camden
Harefield Pit   Green tickY 1.8 4.5 51°35′53″N 0°29′10″W / 51.598°N 0.486°W / 51.598; -0.486 (Harefield Pit)
TQ049898
1990  Map  NO Hillingdon
Harrow Weald Harrow Weald SSSI.JPG   Green tickY 3.7 9.1 51°37′24″N 0°20′41″W / 51.6233°N 0.3447°W / 51.6233; -0.3447 (Harrow Weald)
TQ147929
1987  Map  NO Harrow
Hornchurch Cutting Hornchurch Cutting SSSI.JPG   Green tickY 0.8 2.0 51°33′49″N 0°13′51″E / 51.5636°N 0.2308°E / 51.5636; 0.2308 (Hornchurch Cutting)
TQ547874
1988  Map  YES Havering
Ingrebourne Marshes Ingrebourne Marshes, Berwick Pond.JPG Green tickY   74.8 184.8 51°31′48″N 0°12′25″E / 51.530°N 0.207°E / 51.530; 0.207 (Ingrebourne Marshes)
TQ532835
1988  Map  YES Havering
Inner Thames Marshes Rainham Marshes 30dec08.jpg Green tickY   479.3 1,184.4 51°29′24″N 0°13′30″E / 51.490°N 0.225°E / 51.490; 0.225 (Inner Thames Marshes)
TQ531800
1986  Map  YES Havering
Thurrock
Kempton Park Reservoirs Kempton Nature Reserve.JPG Green tickY   25.6 63.3 51°25′34″N 0°23′42″W / 51.426°N 0.395°W / 51.426; -0.395 (Kempton Park Reservoirs)
TQ118707
1999  Map  NO Hounslow
Spelthorne
Keston And Hayes Commons Keston Common middle lake.JPG Green tickY   26.6 65.8 51°21′30″N 0°02′05″E / 51.3584°N 0.0348°E / 51.3584; 0.0348 (Keston Common)
TQ417643
1987  Map  YES Bromley
Mid Colne Valley Mid Colne Valley Long Pond.jpg Green tickY   132.0 326.1 51°35′35″N 0°29′38″W / 51.593°N 0.494°W / 51.593; -0.494 (Mid Colne Valley)
TQ043896
1985  Map  YES Hillingdon
South Bucks
Old Park Wood Old Park Wood path.jpg Green tickY   16.7 41.3 51°36′40″N 0°29′28″W / 51.611°N 0.491°W / 51.611; -0.491 (Old Park Wood)
TQ046913
1984  Map  YES Hillingdon
Oxleas Woodlands Oxleas Wood path 1.JPG Green tickY   72.7 179.7 51°28′01″N 0°03′58″E / 51.467°N 0.066°E / 51.467; 0.066 (Oxleas Woodlands)
TQ442760
1984  Map  YES Greenwich
Richmond Park Richmond Park Pen Ponds.jpg Green tickY   856.0 2,115.1 51°26′N 0°16′W / 51.44°N 0.27°W / 51.44; -0.27 (Richmond Park)
TQ200730
1992  Map  YES Richmond upon Thames
Kingston upon Thames
Wandsworth
Riddlesdown Riddlesdown view.JPG Green tickY   32.0 79.1 51°19′25″N 0°05′33″W / 51.3236°N 0.0926°W / 51.3236; -0.0926 (Riddlesdown)
TQ330600
1988  Map  YES Croydon
Ruislip Woods Ruislip Woods 2.JPG Green tickY   305.4 754.6 51°35′35″N 0°25′52″W / 51.593°N 0.431°W / 51.593; -0.431 (Ruislip Woods)
TQ081892
1990  Map  YES Hillingdon
Ruxley Gravel Pits Ruxley Gravel Pits.JPG Green tickY   18.7 46.2 51°24′36″N 0°07′01″E / 51.410°N 0.117°E / 51.410; 0.117 (Ruxley Gravel Pits)
TQ474700
1985  Map  NO Bromley
Saltbox Hill Saltbox Hill view.JPG Green tickY   22.2 54.8 51°19′30″N 0°00′33″E / 51.3251°N 0.0093°E / 51.3251; 0.0093 (Saltbox Hill)
TQ402604
TQ408607
1985  Map  YES Bromley
Syon Park Syon Park SSSI from the Thames Path 12.JPG Green tickY   21.5 53.2 51°28′34″N 0°18′29″W / 51.4761°N 0.3080°W / 51.4761; -0.3080 (Syon Park)
TQ176766
1984  Map  PL Hounslow
Walthamstow Marshes Walthamstow Marshes - geograph.org.uk - 93325.jpg Green tickY   36.7 90.7 51°34′14″N 0°03′00″W / 51.5706°N 0.0499°W / 51.5706; -0.0499 (Walthamstow Marshes)
TQ352875
1985  Map  YES Waltham Forest
Walthamstow Reservoirs Walthamstow Reservoirs.jpg Green tickY   178.3 440.6 51°35′08″N 0°03′05″W / 51.5855°N 0.0514°W / 51.5855; -0.0514 (Walthamstow Reservoirs)
TQ351892
1986  Map  NO Hackney
Haringey
Waltham Forest
Wansunt Pit Wansunt Pit.JPG   Green tickY 1.9 4.7 51°26′28″N 0°10′37″E / 51.44116°N 0.17701°E / 51.44116; 0.17701 (Wansunt Pit)
TQ514736
TQ515738
1990  Map  PP Bexley
Dartford
Wimbledon Common Footpath on Wimbledon Common - geograph.org.uk - 879675.jpg Green tickY   346.5 856.2 51°26′02″N 0°14′10″W / 51.434°N 0.236°W / 51.434; -0.236 (Wimbledon Common)
TQ227720
1986  Map  YES Wandsworth
Merton

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

A Number of hectares rounded to one decimal place.
B Grid reference is based on the British national grid reference system, also known as OSGB36, and is the system used by the Ordnance Survey.[7]
C Those SSSIs with more than one OS grid reference are composed of multiple sections, separated by non-SSSI land.[7]
D This list uses the date notified under Section 28 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981.
E Link to maps using the Magic Map service provided by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.
F Some sites are partly in boroughs outside Greater London.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "T 08: Selected age groups for local authorities in the United Kingdom; estimated resident population; Mid-2006 Population Estimates". Office for National Statistics. August 22, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  2. ^ "Urban Greater London". Natural England. Archived from the original on 2007-12-14. Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  3. ^ "London, Landscape and geodiversity". Natural England. Retrieved 2012-06-03. 
  4. ^ "SSSIs in Greater London". Natural England. Retrieved 2012-06-03. 
  5. ^ "Notification of SSSIs". Natural England. Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  6. ^ Natural England citation sheets for each SSSI. Retrieved on 2007-12-24. (PDF files).
  7. ^ a b "Guide to National Grid". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 2007-12-27. 

External links[edit]