List of Slavic mythological figures

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of Slavic deities, spirits and mythological creatures.

Deities[edit]

Veles – god of the earth, waters, and the underworld

Major gods[edit]

  • Dažbog - Sun god, possibly a culture hero and a source of wealth and power
  • Jarilo - God of war, vegetation, fertility and spring; also associated with harvest
  • Lada - Goddess of love and marriage, summer and beauty, according to some supreme goddess
  • Lelya - Goddess of spring and love
  • Morana - Goddess of harvest, witchcraft, winter and death
  • Perun - God of thunder and lightning
  • Rod - The birth-giver, creator of all existent. Supreme god, according to some theories
  • Svarog - God of fire, sometimes described as a smith god, also is worshiped as supreme god
  • Svetovid - God of war, fertility and abundance
  • Triglav - Three-headed god of war
  • Veles - God of earth, waters, and the underworld
  • Zosia - Goddess of beauty
  • Živa - Goddess of love and fertility
  • The Zorya - Two guardian goddesses that represent the morning and evening stars, guard over Simargl

Other gods[edit]

  • Belobog - The White God; speculated to be a god of light and sun
  • Berstuk - Evil Wendish god of the forest
  • Chernobog - The Black God; speculated to be the opposite number of Belobog
  • Dodola - Goddess of rain, sometimes believed to be the wife of Perun
  • Dogoda - Polish spirit of the west wind, associated with love and gentleness
  • Dziewona - Virgin goddess of the hunt; equivalent of the Roman goddess Diana, or Greek goddess Artemis
  • Dzydzilelya - Polish goddess of love, marriage, sexuality and fertility
  • Flins - Wendish god of death
  • Hors - God of the winter sun, healing, survival, and the triumph of health over illness
  • Ipabog - God of the hunt
  • Juthrbog - Wendish moon god
  • Karewit - Wendish protector of the town of Charenza
  • Kresnik (deity) - Fire god
  • Kupala - God of fertility
  • Koliada - Goddess of the sky, responsible for the sunrise
  • Lada - Fakeloric goddess of harmony, merriment, youth, love and beauty, constructed by scholars during the Renaissance
  • Marowit - Wendish god of nightmares
  • Marzyana - Polish goddess of the grain
  • Matka Gabia - Polish goddess of the home and hearth
  • Mokosh - Goddess connected with female activities such as shearing, spinning and weaving
  • Myesyats - God of the moon
  • Oynyena Maria - Polish fire goddess who assists Perun
  • Oźwiena - Goddess of echo, gossip, fame and glory
  • Peklenc - God of the underground and a divine judge
  • Percunatel - Polish goddess, purported to be Perun's mother[citation needed]
  • Pereplut - Goddess of drink and changing fortunes
  • Podaga - Wendish god of weather, fishing, hunting and farming
  • Porewit - God of the woods, who protected lost voyagers and punished those who mistreated the forest
  • Radegast - Possibly a god of hospitality, fertility and crops
  • Rugiewit - Local personification of Perun, worshipped by members of the Rani in Charenza
  • Siebog - God of love and marriage; consort of Živa
  • Siliniez - Polish woodland god for whom moss was sacred
  • Stribog - God and spirit of the winds, sky and air
  • Sudice - The Fates of Polish mythology, who meted out fortune, destiny, judgement and in some cases, fatality, when a child was born
  • Sudz - Polish god of destiny and glory
  • Tawals - Blessing-bringing god of the meadows and fields
  • Varpulis - God of storm winds and companion of Perun
  • Vesna - Goddess of spring and nature
  • Zeme - Goddess of the earth
  • Zirnitra - Dragon god of sorcery
  • Zislbog - Wendish moon goddess; also known as Kricco, goddess of the seed
  • Złota Baba - Polish goddess known as the "Golden Woman"
  • Żywie - Goddess of health and healing

Spirits and demons[edit]

  • Drekavac - A creature believed to come from the soul of a dead unbaptised child
  • German - A male spirit associated with rain and hail
  • Kikimora - Female household spirit, sometimes said to be married to the Domovoi
  • Koschei - An evil being who cannot be killed because his soul is hidden separate from his body
  • Leshy - Woodland spirits who protect wild animals and forests
  • Likho - A one-eyed embodiment of evil fate and misfortune
  • Polevik - Field spirits who appear either at noon or at sunset
  • Polunocnica - "Lady Midnight", a demoness said to frighten children at night
  • Pscipolnitsa - "Lady Midday"; a noon demon who roamed the fields and struck down workers with heatstroke
  • Raróg - Creature who turns himself into a whirlwind
  • Rusalka - Often-malevolent female ghosts, water nymphs, succubi or mermaid-like demons that dwelled in waterways
  • Shishiga - Female creature who harasses people and brings misfortune to drunkards
  • Skrzak - A flying imp
  • Stuhać - A demonic, mountain-dwelling creature
  • Topielec - Malevolent spirits of human souls that died drowning
  • Vampir - A revenant that feeds on the blood of the living
  • Vila - Fairy-like spirits
  • Vodyanoy - A male water spirit
  • Vucari- Wolf-humans
  • Zduhać - A man with extraordinary supernatural abilities

Creatures[edit]

  • Alkonost - A legendary bird with the head and chest of a woman
  • Bukavac - A six-legged monster with gnarled horns who lived in lakes and attacked during the night
  • Cikavac - A winged animal that would fulfill its owner's wishes and enable its owner to understand the animal language
  • Firebird - A magical glowing bird which is both a blessing and bringer of doom to its captor
  • Gamayun - A prophetic bird with the head of a woman
  • Karzełek - A dwarf who lived in mines and underground workings, and was a guardian of gems, crystals, and precious metals
  • Psoglav - A demonic creature described as having a human body with horse legs, and dog's head with iron teeth and a single eye on the forehead
  • Psotnik - An elf
  • Simargl - The father of Skif, founder of Scythia; often portrayed as a large dog with wings
  • Sirin - A creature with the head and chest of a woman and the body of a bird
  • Zmey - A dragon-like creature

See also[edit]