List of South Koreans by net worth
|This list needs additional citations for verification. (March 2013)|
There are several published Korean rich lists within Korea including ones issued by the wealth valuation company Equitable, the Digital Times, Korea Times, and other major Korean publications. In addition, Forbes magazine, Merrill Lynch, and other chroniclers of the power elites of the world have found sufficient high profile rich in Korea as to generate accurate numbers and reasonable deductions.
Forbes magazine has hinted at Korea having at the very least 7 high billionaires living on the peninsula, and at least ten families alone who control in the high billions in assets.
- 1 Problems in determining wealth in Korea
- 2 Top 50 Richest 2013 (Forbes)
- 3 Rich List according to Chaebul.com
- 4 Evaluating wealth and power
- 5 External links
- 6 References
- 7 See also
Problems in determining wealth in Korea
Sociological research in Korea into the great families of wealth and privilege has not been forthcoming, so much more work has been done abroad by American and European publications such as Forbes, The Asian Wall Street Journal, and The Economist magazine as well as merchant banking units from Merrill Lynch and other holders of massive private fortunes. Internally, Korean newspapers have exercised great caution, and declined to compile lists of the rich, how they became rich, or mapped great holdings of wealth; this changes as foreign banks publish such material abroad, and articles then find their way back into Korea through the internet and foreign banking and financial publications.
Corporate wealth and rich lists
Most Korean corporations, even public ones, do not as a habit list salaries of chief executives, presidents, or stock benefits to members of their boards. Individuals rarely disclose salaries, or bonuses, and there is no real attempt to open corporate books to the public, or to shareholders to indicate substantial shareholders so determining the hierarchy of the rich is difficult.
It may be assumed that a yardstick to compile salaries of corporation heads is to go down the middle between American and Japanese salaries for comparable industries, based on gross volumes of sales, number of employees, and job title.
This benchmark would suggest at least 1000 employees of major companies making more than $1 million a year of salary; and perhaps 500 earning more than $2 million based on Korea's commercial success.
Political wealth and rich lists
Elected and appointed politicians rarely if ever file disclosure of assets, investments, or family links to corporations. It is generally assumed in Korea that any senior politician is a millionaire, and long term politicians as a family are multi-millionaires. At times of contention, public disclosures validate this.
Foundations wealth and ranking by assets held
The use of foundations to sequester assets again has not be studied at length, and foundations are not required to disclose all assets, investments, or profits; and in many cases hold, or are believed to hold, or handle trillions of won of investments that are controlled by very few people with great power and limited scrutiny or public oversight. Disclosures are usually triggered by political scandals with little public accountability in place or sociological analysis of influence.
Non-profit and church or religious group holdings
While the wealth of Sun Myung Moon is often mentioned, and is said to be in the multiple billions, non-profit church groups and religious corporations are known to have extensive landholdings both in Korea and extremely large investments in securities and land abroad.
Occasional disclosures in the media indicate the huge amounts of wealth owned, and transferred abroad by churches, religious holding companies, lesser cults, and other missionary groups.
These have their origins going back to the great Buddhist monastic orders which had incredible economic power, controlled essential resource exports (rice and ginseng), and which had huge plantations with extensive numbers of slaves as early as the Korean three kingdoms time and as late as the declining years of the Joseon dynasty; with gains coming back under the Japanese occupation through fundraising for Korean independence movements.
Spectacular showcases of Korean Christian wealth have been displayed in huge cathedrals and church-building, and at times a lifestyle of conspicuous consumption and profligate spending by church leaders, or church cult leaders, when financial irregularities or scandals have been made public.
Estimates on financial holdings of the richest churches often exceed billions in assets and investments.
Gross income of chaebols and the top 50 Korean companies
The relations between chaebols and the Korean power elite are now studied more closely as the elite itself showcases wealth and power more publicly than before as Korea places itself in the community of successful countries.
Only the people with USD $1 billion or more are shown.
- Lee Kun Hee (Samsung) $12.5 billion
- Chung Mong Koo (Hyundai) $5.4 billion
- Jay Y. Lee (Samsung) $4.2 billion
- Chung Eui-sun (Hyundai) $2.6 billion
- Shin Dong-Bin (Lotte) $2.0 billion
- Suh Kyung-Bae (Amore Pacific) $1.95 billion
- Shin Chang-Jae (Kyobo Life) $1.92 billion
- Shin Dong-Joo (Lotte) $1.9 billion
- Lee Hwa-Kyung (Orion $1.8 billion
- Lee Jay-Hyun (CJ) $1.7 billion
- Kim Jung-Ju (Nexon) $1.6 billion
- Chey Tae-won (SK) $1.56 billion
- Koo Bon-Moo (LG $1.53 billion
- Lee Joong-Keun (Booyoung) $1.4 billion
- Chung Mong-Joon (Hyundai) $1.38 billion
- Koo Bon-Neung (Heesung, LG) $1.36 billion
- Lee Myung-Hee (Shinsegae) $1.3 billion
- Lee Boo-Jin (Samsung ) $1.25 billion
- Chung Yong-Jin (Shinsegae) $1.1 billion
- Seo Jung-Jin (Celltrion) $1.08 billion
- Lee Seo-Hyun (Samsung) $1.03 billion
- Park Hyeon-Joo (Mirae) $1.00 billion
Rich List according to Chaebul.com
Chaebul.com is a local source that evaluates the fortunes of Korean businesspersons. According to its analysis of listed stock value as of January 2008, the top 20 known Korean share-rich individuals are the following.
Evaluating wealth and power
The Sunday Times Rich List, published annually by the Sunday Times cites a complicated means by which it both establishes and guesses at real and hidden wealth by the nation's richest families. Researchers in Korean media have used this as a means of establishing wealth.
- Number of Korean millionaires increases. Study cites 65,000 high net worth individuals in Korea
- Secrets of Korean real estate millionaires, 110 multi-millionaire Korean real estate investors identified, and interviewed
- Daewoo billionaire story
- Forbes Asian rich list 2002
- Biography of the Hyundai group and Chung Ju Yung, includes billionaire Chung's attempt to win a position in the 1992 presidential elections
- Kim Jeong-Hoon biography
- List of billionaires
- List of countries by the number of billionaires
- List of Korea-related topics
- List of Koreans
- Economy of South Korea