List of Soviet Union–United States summits

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Soviet Union–United States summits were held from 1943 to 1991. The topics discussed at the summits between the President of the United States and either the General Secretary or the Premier of the Soviet Union ranged from fighting the Axis Powers during World War II to arms control between the two superpowers themselves during the Cold War.[1]

Allies of World War II[edit]

The "Big Three" Allied leaders (left to right) at the Yalta Conference February 1945: Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin.
Clement Attlee, Harry S. Truman and Joseph Stalin at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945.
Date Site President of the United States General Secretary or Premier of the Soviet Union Notes
November 28–December 1, 1943 Tehran, Iran[2] Franklin D. Roosevelt Joseph Stalin Also in attendance Prime Minister Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom.

See Tehran Conference

February 4–11, 1945 Yalta, Soviet Union[2] Franklin D. Roosevelt Joseph Stalin Also in attendance Prime Minister Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom. First visit by a United States President to the Soviet Union.[3]

See Yalta Conference

July 17–August 2, 1945 Potsdam, Soviet occupied Germany[4] Harry S. Truman Joseph Stalin Also in attendance Prime Ministers Winston Churchill and Clement Attlee of the United Kingdom.

See Potsdam Conference

Cold War (1953–1962)[edit]

Nikita Khrushchev views the wreckage of a downed Lockheed U-2. The 1960 U-2 incident was a major topic at the May 16–17, 1960 summit in Paris.
Nikita Khrushchev meeting John F. Kennedy at the Vienna Summit June 1961
Date Site President of the United States General Secretary or Premier of the Soviet Union Notes
July 18–23, 1955 Geneva, Switzerland[5] Dwight D. Eisenhower Nikita Khrushchev and Nikolai Bulganin Also in attendance Prime Minister Anthony Eden of the United Kingdom and Prime Minister Edgar Faure of France.

See Geneva Summit

September 15, 26–27, 1959 Washington, D.C. and Camp David, United States[6][7] Dwight D. Eisenhower Nikita Khrushchev First visit by a Soviet leader to the United States.
May 16–17, 1960 Paris, France[5] Dwight D. Eisenhower Nikita Khrushchev Also in attendance Prime Minister Harold Macmillan of the United Kingdom and President Charles de Gaulle of France. Khrushchev left the summit due to the dispute over the 1960 U-2 incident.
June 3–4, 1961 Vienna, Austria[8] John F. Kennedy Nikita Khrushchev See Vienna Summit

Cold War (1962–1979)[edit]

Date Site President of the United States General Secretary or Premier of the Soviet Union Notes
June 23 and 25, 1967 Glassboro, United States[6] Lyndon B. Johnson Alexei Kosygin See Glassboro Summit Conference
May 22–30, 1972 Moscow, Soviet Union[9] Richard Nixon Leonid Brezhnev and Alexei Kosygin Signing of the Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty, the first Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT I), and the U.S.–Soviet Incidents at Sea Agreement. See Moscow Summit (1972).
June 18–25, 1973 Washington, D.C., United States[6] Richard Nixon Leonid Brezhnev and Alexei Kosygin Signing of the Agreement on the Prevention of Nuclear War.
June 28–July 3, 1974 Moscow, Soviet Union[9] Richard Nixon Leonid Brezhnev Signing of the Threshold Test Ban Treaty (TTBT).
November 23–24, 1974 Vladivostok, Soviet Union[10] Gerald Ford Leonid Brezhnev See Vladivostok Summit Meeting on Arms Control
July 30 and August 2, 1975 Helsinki, Finland[10] Gerald Ford Leonid Brezhnev See Helsinki Accords and Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
June 15–18, 1979 Vienna, Austria[11] Jimmy Carter Leonid Brezhnev Signing of the second Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT II).
Leonid Brezhnev meets with Richard Nixon during the Soviet leader's trip to the U.S. in June 1973
Jimmy Carter and Leonid Brezhnev signing SALT II Treaty, June 18, 1979, in Vienna

Cold War (1985–1991)[edit]

Mikhail Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan sign the INF Treaty at the White House in December 1987
George H. W. Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev at the Helsinki summit in 1990
Date Site President of the United States General Secretary or Premier of the Soviet Union Notes
November 19–21, 1985 Geneva, Switzerland[12] Ronald Reagan Mikhail Gorbachev See Geneva Summit
October 10–12, 1986 Reykjavík, Iceland[12] Ronald Reagan Mikhail Gorbachev See Reykjavík Summit
December 7–10, 1987 Washington, D.C., United States[6] Ronald Reagan Mikhail Gorbachev Signing of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty. See Washington Summit (1987).
May 29–June 1, 1988 Moscow, Soviet Union[12] Ronald Reagan Mikhail Gorbachev See Moscow Summit (1988).
December 7, 1988 New York City, United States[6] Ronald Reagan Mikhail Gorbachev Also in attendance President-elect George H. W. Bush. Gorbachev left the summit early due to the 1988 Spitak earthquake which struck the Armenian S.S.R. that same day.
December 2–3, 1989 Valletta, Malta[13] George H. W. Bush Mikhail Gorbachev See Malta Summit
May 30–June 3, 1990 Washington, D.C., United States[6] George H. W. Bush Mikhail Gorbachev Signing of the 1990 Chemical Weapons Accord
September 9, 1990 Helsinki, Finland[13] George H. W. Bush Mikhail Gorbachev Discussed the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.[14]
November 19, 1990 Paris, France[13] George H. W. Bush Mikhail Gorbachev Signing of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe.
July 17, 1991 London, United Kingdom[13] George H. W. Bush Mikhail Gorbachev Held in conjunction with the 17th G7 Summit.
July 30–31, 1991 Moscow, Soviet Union[13] George H. W. Bush Mikhail Gorbachev Signing of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START I).
October 29–30, 1991 Madrid, Spain[13] George H. W. Bush Mikhail Gorbachev Held in conjunction with the Madrid Conference of 1991.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fain III, W. Taylor "Chronology: US-Soviet summits, 1943-1991" US Department of State Dispatch, August 12, 1991
  2. ^ a b Travels of President Franklin D. Roosevelt U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian WebCitation archive
  3. ^ Presidents Travels to Russia U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian WebCitation archive
  4. ^ Travels of President Harry S. Truman U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian WebCitation archive
  5. ^ a b Travels of President Dwight D. Eisenhower U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian WebCitation archive
  6. ^ a b c d e f Visits By Foreign Leaders of Russia U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian WebCitation archive
  7. ^ 1959 Year In Review Khrushchev Visits the United States WebCitation archive
  8. ^ Travels of President John F. Kennedy U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian WebCitation archive
  9. ^ a b Travels of President Richard M. Nixon U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian WebCitation archive
  10. ^ a b Travels of President Gerald R. Ford U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian WebCitation archive
  11. ^ Travels of President Jimmy Carter U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian WebCitation archive
  12. ^ a b c Travels of President Ronald Reagan U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian WebCitation archive
  13. ^ a b c d e f Travels of President George H.W. Bush U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian WebCitation archive
  14. ^ "Joint News Conference of President Bush and Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev in Helsinki, Finland September 9, 1990" The American Presidency Project WebCitation archive

External links[edit]