List of Spanish inventions and discoveries
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The following list is composed of items, techniques and processes that were invented by or discovered by people from Spain.
Construction and architecture
- Artificio de Juanelo by engineer Juanelo Turriano (1500-1585) in the 16th century, designed to supply the city with a source of readily available water by lifting it. At the time they were considered engineering wonders.
- Modern toxicology, by Mateu Orfila (1787–1853).
- Discovery of vanadium (as vanadinite) in 1801 by geologist and chemist Andrés Manuel del Río (1764–1849) 
- Discovery of Tungsten by Fausto Elhuyar and his brother Juan José Elhuyar in 1783.
- Discovery of element platinum by scientist, soldier and author Antonio de Ulloa (1716–1795) with Jorge Juan y Santacilia (1713–1773).
- Discovery of carbon monoxide and pure alcohol by alchemist and physician Arnold of Villanova (c. 1235–1311) 
- Telekino, pioneering of remote control, by engineer and mathematician Leonardo Torres y Quevedo (1852–1936) 
- Automated calculation machines by engineer and mathematician Leonardo Torres y Quevedo (1852–1936) 
- Electronic book by teacher, writer and inventor Ángela Ruiz Robles (1895-1975).
- Development of the first monetarist theory and the quantitative theory of money by economist Martín de Azpilcueta (1492–1586), member of the School of Salamanca.
- Precursor of international law theory by Francisco de Vitoria (c. 1480/86 – 1546), member of the School of Salamanca 
Medicine and Genetics
- Synthesis of ribonucleic acid (RNA) by Nobel prize Laureate Severo Ochoa (1905–1993).
- Neuroscience by Nobel prize Laureate (1906) Santiago Ramón y Cajal (1852–1934).
- Discovery of the microglia or Hortega cell by the neuroscientist Pío del Río Hortega (1882–1945) 
- First European description of pulmonary circulation by scientist, surgeon and humanist Miguel Servet (1511–1553) 
- A worldwide used "two-piece" disposable syringe (1978) by Manuel Jalón Corominas (1925–2011) 
- Use of Radiology and Radiotherapy for diagnostics by Celedonio Calatayud (1880-1931).
- Laryngoscope by singer, music educator, and vocal pedagogue Manuel García (1805-1906).
- The barocyclometer, the nephoscope, and the microseismograph by meteorologist José María Algué (1856–1930).
- Steam engine by Jerónimo de Ayanz y Beaumont , the invention of a steam-powered water pump for draining mines, for which he was granted a patent by the Spanish monarchy in 1606.
- Peral Submarine, design of the first fully operative military submarine by Isaac Peral (1851–1895) 
- The funicular over the Niagara Falls by engineer and mathematician Leonardo Torres y Quevedo (1852–1936) 
- El Ajedrecista, invention of the automatic chess by engineer and mathematician Leonardo Torres y Quevedo (1852–1936) 
- The mop (1956) by Manuel Jalón Corominas (1925–2011).
- The new model of the hydraulic machine known as El Artificio de Juanelo in three-dimensional computer simulation
- "Biography of Mathieu Joseph Bonaventure Orfila (1787–1853)". U.S. National Library of Medicine.
- Cintas, Pedro (2004). "The Road to Chemical Names and Eponyms: Discovery, Priority, and Credit". Angewandte Chemie International Edition 43 (44): 5888–94. doi:10.1002/anie.200330074. PMID 15376297.
- Schufle, Joseph A. (1975). "Juan Jose D'Elhuyar, Discoverer of Tungsten". Journal of Chemical Education 52 (5): 325. doi:10.1021/ed052p325.1.
- Weeks, M. E. (1968). Discovery of the Elements (7 ed.). Journal of Chemical Education. pp. 385–407. ISBN 0-8486-8579-2. OCLC 23991202.
- Fernando Salmón (2010). Robert E. Bjork, ed. The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. p. 135. ISBN 978-0-19-866262-4.
- D. Campbell, Arabian Medicine and Its Influence on the Middle Ages, p. 5.
- "Milestones:Early Developments in Remote-Control, 1901 - GHN: IEEE Global History Network". Ieeeghn.org. 2007-03-15. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
- Randell, Brian. "From Analytical Engine to Electronic Digital Computer: The Contributions of Ludgate, Torres, and Bush". Retrieved September 9, 2013.
- Gaceta de la Actualidad Técnica. Year II, No. 14, September 1955
- Giraud, Bibli. Sacr., II 334-336 (gives list of his writings)
- Pagden, Anthony (1991). Vitoria: Political Writings (Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought). UK: Cambridge University Press. p. xvi. ISBN 0-521-36714-X.
- Nobelprize.org. "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1959".
- "History of Neuroscience". Society for Neuroscience. Retrieved 2008-10-09.
- "Pio del Rio Hortega". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 18 December 2012.
- 2011 “The love for truth. Life and work of Michael Servetus”, (El amor a la verdad. Vida y obra de Miguel Servet.), printed by Navarro y Navarro, Zaragoza, collaboration with the Government of Navarra, Department of Institutional Relations and Education of the Government of Navarra, 607 pp, 64 of them illustrations, p 215-228 & 62nd illustration (XLVII)
- The man who got Spanish women off their knees has died
- (Spanish)manuel jalon inventor fregona
- Spanish National Library - La Esfera, December 28, 1918
- García, Manuel (1855). "Observations on the Human Voice". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 7: 399–410. doi:10.1098/rspl.1854.0094. JSTOR 111815. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- Walsh, James J. Science in the Philippines, New York.
- Warren, James Francis (2009). "Scientific Superman: Father José Algué, Jesuit Meteorology, and the Philippines under American Rule, 1897-1924." In Colonial Crucible: Empire in the Making of the Modern American State, Part VIII, University of Wisconsin Press.
- Vector Flight
- Garcia, Nicholas (2007). Mas alla de la Leyenda Negra. Valencia: Universidad de Valencia. pp. 443–454. ISBN 9788437067919.
- Cargill Hall, R. (1986). History of rocketry and astronautics: proceedings of the third through the sixth History Symposia of the International Academy of Astronautics, Volumen 1. NASA conference publication. American Astronautical Society by Univelt, p. 85. ISBN 0-87703-260-2
- A steam powered submarine: the Ictíneo Low-tech Magazine, 24 August 2008
- Humble 1981, p. 174.
- Torres and his remarkable automatic devices. Issue 2079 of Scientific American, 1915