List of Spanish inventors and discoverers
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is a list of Spanish inventors and discoverers
- José de Acosta (1540–1600), one of the first naturalists and anthropologists of the Americas. 
- José María Algué (1856–1930), meteorologist, inventor of the barocyclometer, the nephoscope, and the microseismograph. 
- Jerónimo de Ayanz y Beaumont (1553–1613), registered design for steam-powered water pump for use in mines (1606). 
- Martín de Azpilicueta (1492–1586), economist, member of the School of Salamanca, precursor of the quantitative theory of money. 
- Ignacio Barraquer (1884–1965), leading ophthalmologist, pioneer of cataract surgery. 
- José Ignacio Barraquer (1916–1998), leading ophthalmologist, father of modern refractive surgery, he invented the microkeratome and the cryolathe, developed the surgical procedures of keratomileusis and keratophakia. 
- Ángel Cabrera (1879–1960), naturalist, investigated the South-American fauna. 
- Nicolás Cabrera (1913–1989), physicist, did important work on the theories of crystal growth and the oxidisation of metals. 
- Celedonio Calatayud (1880-1931) pioneered the use of radiology and electrology in Europe for both diagnostics and therapeutical purposes, introducing radiotherapy in Spain in 1906. 
- Juan de la Cierva (1895–1936), aeronautical engineer, pioneer of rotary flight, inventor of the autogyro. 
- Juan Ignacio Cirac Sasturain (born 1965), one of the pioneers of the field of quantum computing and quantum information theory. 
- Josep Comas i Solà (1868–1937), astronomer, discovered the periodic comet 32P/Comas Solá and 11 asteroids, and in 1907 observed limb darkening of Saturn's moon Titan (the first evidence that the body had an atmosphere). 
- Fausto de Elhúyar (1755–1833), chemist, joint discoverer of tungsten with his brother Juan José de Elhúyar in 1783. 
- Carlos Fernández Casado (1905–1988), civil engineer, designer and builder of bridges and viaducts. 
- Jaime Ferrán (1852–1929), doctor and researcher, discovered several vaccines. 
- Manuel García (1805-1906) singer, music educator, and vocal pedagogue, inventor of the first laryngoscope. 
- Francisco Hernández (1514–1587), botanicist, carried out important research about the Mexican flora. 
- Manuel Jalón Corominas (1925–2011), inventor of the mop (1956) and a worldwide used "two-piece" disposable syringe (1978). 
- Carlos Jiménez Díaz (1898–1967), doctor and researcher, leading figure in pathology. 
- Gregorio Marañón (1887–1960), doctor and researcher, leading figure in endocrinology. 
- Narcís Monturiol (1818–1885), physicist and inventor, pioneer of underwater navigation and first machine powered submarine. 
- José Celestino Bruno Mutis (1732–1808), botanicist, doctor, philosopher and mathematician, carried out relevant research about the American flora, founded one of the first astronomic observatories in America (1762). 
- Severo Ochoa (1905–1993), doctor and biochemist, achieved the synthesis of ribonucleic acid (RNA), Nobel prize Laureate (1959). 
- Mateu Orfila (1787–1853), doctor and chemist, father of modern toxicology, leading figure in forensic toxicology. 
- Joan Oró (1923–2004), biochemist, carried out important research about the origin of life, he worked with NASA on the Viking missions. 
- Julio Palacios Martínez (1891–1970), physicist and mathematician. 
- Isaac Peral (1851–1895), engineer and sailor, designer of the first fully operative military submarine. 
- Santiago Ramón y Cajal (1852–1934), father of Neuroscience, Nobel prize Laureate (1906). 
- Julio Rey Pastor (1888–1962), mathematician, leading figure in geometry. 
- Wifredo Ricart (1897–1974), engineer, designer and executive manager in the automotive industry. 
- Andrés Manuel del Río (1764–1849), geologist and chemist, discovered vanadium (as vanadinite) in 1801. 
- Pío del Río Hortega (1882–1945), neuroscientist, discoverer of the microglia or Hortega cell. 
- Félix Rodríguez de la Fuente (1928–1980), naturalist, leading figure in ornithology, ethology, ecology and science divulgation. 
- Ángela Ruiz Robles (1895-1975) teacher, writer and inventor, pioneer of the electronic book. 
- Margarita Salas (born 1938), biochemist, molecular genetist and researcher. 
- Miguel Servet (1511–1553), scientist, surgeon and humanist; first European to describe pulmonary circulation. 
- Esteban Terradas i Illa (1883–1950), mathematician, physicist and engineer. 
- Leonardo Torres Quevedo (1852–1936), engineer and mathematician, pioneer of automated calculation machines, inventor of the automatic chess, pioneer of remote control, designer of the funicular over the Niagara Falls.  
- Eduardo Torroja (1899–1961), civil engineer, structural architect, world famous specialist in concrete structures.  
- Juanelo Turriano (1500-1585) Italo-Spanish clockmaker, engineer and mathematician, he built the Artificio de Juanelo, an engine that, driven by the river itself, lifted water from the Tagus to a height of almost 100 meters. 
- Josep Trueta (1897–1977), doctor, his new method for treatment of open wounds and fractures helped save a great number of lives during World War II. 
- Antonio de Ulloa (1716–1795), scientist, soldier and author; joint discoverer of element platinum with Jorge Juan y Santacilia (1713–1773). 
- Joseph de la Vega (1650–1692), businessman, wrote Confusion of Confusions (1688), first book on stock markets. 
- Arnold of Villanova (c. 1235–1311), alchemist and physician, he discovered carbon monoxide and pure alcohol. 
- Francisco de Vitoria (c. 1480/86 – 1546), member of the School of Salamanca, precursor of international law theory.
- Corsini, Raymond J. (2002). The dictionary of psychology. Psychology Press. p. 10. ISBN 978-1-58391-328-4. Retrieved 14 March 2012.
- Walsh, James J. Science in the Philippines, New York.
- Warren, James Francis (2009). "Scientific Superman: Father José Algué, Jesuit Meteorology, and the Philippines under American Rule, 1897-1924." In Colonial Crucible: Empire in the Making of the Modern American State, Part VIII, University of Wisconsin Press.
- Garcia, Nicholas (2007). Mas alla de la Leyenda Negra. Valencia: Universidad de Valencia. pp. 443–454. ISBN 9788437067919.
- *Giraud, Bibli. Sacr., II 334-336 (gives list of his writings)
- American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
- PubMed Central
- Biography (Spanish)
- Remembering Cabrera
- Journal of Physics
- Spanish National Library - La Esfera, December 28, 1918
- Vector Flight
- BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Awards
- Baedeker's Barcelona Peter M. Nahm, Automobile Association (Great Britain) - 1992 "Josep Comas i Solà (1868–1937) Born in Barcelona, Josep Comas i Sola soon made his mark as an astronomer; he was only fifteen when he published an article in a French specialist magazine. "
- "El Astronauta e Ingeniero Aeronáutico Pedro Duque "ficha" por su Escuela". 2004-10-21. Archived from the original on 2004-12-08. Retrieved 2005-04-28. (Spanish)
- Schufle, Joseph A. (1975). "Juan Jose D'Elhuyar, Discoverer of Tungsten". Journal of Chemical Education 52 (5): 325. doi:10.1021/ed052p325.1.
- (Spanish) Javier Manterola Armisén (1988). <<Carlos Fernández Casado. Hombre y conocimiento>>. Revista de Obras Públicas nº 135, pp. 1013-1026.
- P. FAUS SEVILLA, El cólera de 1885 en Valencia y la vacunación Ferrán, en Medicina y Sociedad en la España del s. XIX, Madrid 1964, 285-486. (Spanish)
- García, Manuel (1855). "Observations on the Human Voice". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 7: 399–410. doi:10.1098/rspl.1854.0094. JSTOR 111815. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- Acuna-Soto, Rodolfo; David W. Stahle, Malcolm K. Cleaveland, Matthew D. Therrell. (Octubre–Diciembre 2002). "Megadrought and Megadeath in 16th Century Mexico" (PDF). Revista Biomédica (Mérida: Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán) 13 (4): 282–289. ISSN 0188-493X. Archived from the original on September 21, 2009. Retrieved September 7, 2012. Lay summary – Geographical Review, Vol. 96, Issue 3, pages 502–505 (July 2006). "Summary. The native population collapse in 16th century Mexico was a demographic catastrophe with one of the highest death rates in history. Recently developed tree-ring evidence has allowed the levels of precipitation to be reconstructed for north central Mexico, adding to the growing body of epidemiologic evidence and indicating that the 1545 and 1576 epidemics of cocoliztli (Nahuatl for "pest") were indigenous hemorrhagic fevers transmitted by rodent hosts and aggravated by extreme drought conditions."
- The man who got Spanish women off their knees has died
- Viviane Quirke, Judy Slinn, Perspectives on Twentieth-century Pharmaceuticals (2010), p. 94.
- (Spanish) biography
- Cargill Hall, R. (1986). History of rocketry and astronautics: proceedings of the third through the sixth History Symposia of the International Academy of Astronautics, Volumen 1. NASA conference publication. American Astronautical Society by Univelt, p. 85. ISBN 0-87703-260-2
- A steam powered submarine: the Ictíneo Low-tech Magazine, 24 August 2008
- "Jose Celestino Mutis". Retrieved 3 April 2013.
- Nobelprize.org. "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1959".
- "Biography of Mathieu Joseph Bonaventure Orfila (1787–1853)". U.S. National Library of Medicine.
- M. M. Woolfson. Time, Space, Stars & Man: The Story of the Big Bang. World Scientific; 2013. ISBN 978-1-84816-933-3. p. 383.
- Armando Duran « Julio Palacios- En el centenario del nacimiento del fisico espanol » El Pais, 14 abril 1991 (Spanish)
- Humble 1981, p. 174.
- "History of Neuroscience". Society for Neuroscience. Retrieved 2008-10-09.
- Link to the Spanish Council of Scientific Research (CSIC): http://www.residencia.csic.es/jae/en/protagonistas/41_c.htm
- Eric Dymock, "Postwar sports cars. The modern classics".
- Cintas, Pedro (2004). "The Road to Chemical Names and Eponyms: Discovery, Priority, and Credit". Angewandte Chemie International Edition 43 (44): 5888–94. doi:10.1002/anie.200330074. PMID 15376297.
- "Pio del Rio Hortega". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 18 December 2012.
- El impresionante mundo de Félix Rodríguez de la Fuente 14 December 2008 20 minutos (Spanish)
- Gaceta de la Actualidad Técnica. Year II, No. 14, September 1955
- "Prof. Margarita Salas Falgueras". sibi.org. Retrieved 9 August 2010.
- 2011 “The love for truth. Life and work of Michael Servetus”, (El amor a la verdad. Vida y obra de Miguel Servet.), printed by Navarro y Navarro, Zaragoza, collaboration with the Government of Navarra, Department of Institutional Relations and Education of the Government of Navarra, 607 pp, 64 of them illustrations, p 215-228 & 62nd illustration (XLVII)
- Esteban Terrades, A life given to science and technology
- "Milestones:Early Developments in Remote-Control, 1901 - GHN: IEEE Global History Network". Ieeeghn.org. 2007-03-15. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
- Randell, Brian. "From Analytical Engine to Electronic Digital Computer: The Contributions of Ludgate, Torres, and Bush". Retrieved September 9, 2013.
- Torres and his remarkable automatic devices. Issue 2079 of Scientific American, 1915
- Troyano, Leonardo, '"Bridge Engineering: A Global Perspective"', Thomas Telford Publishing, 2003, p.650
- water tower in Fedala
- The new model of the hydraulic machine known as El Artificio de Juanelo in three-dimensional computer simulation
- Pérez, Fariña L A (March 2008). "[Studies on the kidney and the renal circulation, by Josep Trueta i Raspall (1897-1977)]". Actas urologicas españolas (Spain) 32 (3): 276–80. ISSN 0210-4806. PMID 18512383.
- Weeks, M. E. (1968). Discovery of the Elements (7 ed.). Journal of Chemical Education. pp. 385–407. ISBN 0-8486-8579-2. OCLC 23991202.
- It is possible to read it in a full view mode here  or buy here .
- Fernando Salmón (2010). Robert E. Bjork, ed. The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. p. 135. ISBN 978-0-19-866262-4.
- D. Campbell, Arabian Medicine and Its Influence on the Middle Ages, p. 5.
- Pagden, Anthony (1991). Vitoria: Political Writings (Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought). UK: Cambridge University Press. p. xvi. ISBN 0-521-36714-X.