List of Spanish inventors and discoverers

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This is a list of Spanish inventors and discoverers

Santiago Ramón y Cajal, father of Neuroscience, Nobel prize Laureate

A[edit]

B[edit]

C[edit]

Pitcairn PCA-2 autogyro, build in the U.S. under Cierva license, 1961.

D[edit]

  • Francisco Díaz de Alcalá (1527-1590), urologist and doctor, wrote the first treatises on diseases of the bladder, kidneys, and urethra; he is generally regarded as the founder of modern urology.[20]
  • Pedro Duque (born 1963), astronaut and veteran of two space missions.[21]

E[edit]

F[edit]

  • Carlos Fernández Casado (1905–1988), civil engineer, designer and builder of bridges and viaducts.[23]
  • Jaime Ferrán (1852–1929), doctor and researcher, discovered several vaccines.[24]

G[edit]

  • Manuel García (1805-1906) singer, music educator, and vocal pedagogue, inventor of the first laryngoscope.[25]
  • Antoni de Gimbernat, (1734–1816), surgeon and anatomist, described in detail the anatomy of the inguinal and femoral regions of the human body and laid the groundwork for modern techniques of inguinal hernia repai. The lacunar ligament is named after him.[26][27]

H[edit]

  • Francisco Hernández (1514–1587), botanicist, carried out important research about the Mexican flora.[28]
  • Juan de Herrera (1530-1597), architect, mathematician and geometrician, designed the construction plans of El Escorial and the Cathedral of Valladolid among others and created a compass to measure length and width and a machine to cut iron.[29]
  • Bartolomé Hidalgo Agüero (1530-1597), doctor, developed, described and evaluated a revolutionary healing method for stab wounds [30]
  • Juan Huarte de San Juan (1529–1588), physician and psychologist, his Examen de ingenios para las ciencias was the first attempt to show the connexion between psychology and physiology.[31]

J[edit]

L[edit]

M[edit]

  • Gregorio Marañón (1887–1960), doctor and researcher, leading figure in endocrinology.[35]
  • Narcís Monturiol (1818–1885), physicist and inventor, pioneer of underwater navigation and first machine powered submarine.[36][37]
  • José Celestino Bruno Mutis (1732–1808), botanicist, doctor, philosopher and mathematician, carried out relevant research about the American flora, founded one of the first astronomic observatories in America (1762).[38]
  • Aureliano Maestre de San Juan (1828-1890), scientist, histologist, physician and anatomist credited as being one of the first scientists to recognize the disorder known as Kallmann syndrome.[39]

O[edit]

Isaac Peral
  • Severo Ochoa (1905–1993), doctor and biochemist, achieved the synthesis of ribonucleic acid (RNA), Nobel prize Laureate (1959).[40]
  • Federico Olóriz Aguilera, (1855-1912), doctor, created the primary fingerprint classification system used in Portugal and Spain prior to the use of computer filing systems.[41]
  • Mateu Orfila (1787–1853), doctor and chemist, father of modern toxicology, leading figure in forensic toxicology.[42]
  • Joan Oró (1923–2004), biochemist, carried out important research about the origin of life, he worked with NASA on the Viking missions.[43]

P[edit]

  • Julio Palacios Martínez (1891–1970), physicist and mathematician.[44]
  • Isaac Peral (1851–1895), engineer and sailor, designer of the first fully operative military submarine. [45]
  • Juan Tomás Porcell (1528-1580), doctor and anatomist, carried decisive research on the Black Death and wrote influential treaties of epidemiology.[46]

R[edit]

S[edit]

Miguel Servet, the first European to correctly describe the function of pulmonary circulation

T[edit]

U[edit]

V[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Corsini, Raymond J. (2002). The dictionary of psychology. Psychology Press. p. 10. ISBN 978-1-58391-328-4. Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  2. ^ Walsh, James J. Science in the Philippines, New York.
  3. ^ Warren, James Francis (2009). "Scientific Superman: Father José Algué, Jesuit Meteorology, and the Philippines under American Rule, 1897-1924." In Colonial Crucible: Empire in the Making of the Modern American State, Part VIII, University of Wisconsin Press.
  4. ^ Garcia, Nicholas (2007). Mas alla de la Leyenda Negra. Valencia: Universidad de Valencia. pp. 443–454. ISBN 9788437067919. 
  5. ^ *Giraud, Bibli. Sacr., II 334-336 (gives list of his writings)
  6. ^ whonamedit.com
  7. ^ American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
  8. ^ PubMed Central
  9. ^ Pablo Bonet, J. de (1620) Reduction de las letras y Arte para enseñar á ablar los Mudos. Ed. Abarca de Angulo, Madrid, ejemplar facsímil accesible en la [1], online (spanish) scan of book, held at University of Sevilla, Spain
  10. ^ http://global.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/72993/Juan-Pablo-Bonet
  11. ^ Biography (Spanish)
  12. ^ Remembering Cabrera
  13. ^ Journal of Physics
  14. ^ Spanish National Library - La Esfera, December 28, 1918
  15. ^ Enciclopedia Microsoft Encarta Online 2009. "Manuel Cardona Castro". Retrieved 17 September 2009. 
  16. ^ Vector Flight
  17. ^ BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Awards
  18. ^ Baedeker's Barcelona Peter M. Nahm, Automobile Association (Great Britain) - 1992 "Josep Comas i Solà (1868–1937) Born in Barcelona, Josep Comas i Sola soon made his mark as an astronomer; he was only fifteen when he published an article in a French specialist magazine. "
  19. ^ "Corma, el químico español de las 100 patentes". RTVE.es. RTVE. Retrieved 29 October 2014. 
  20. ^ http://global.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/161908/Francisco-Diaz
  21. ^ "El Astronauta e Ingeniero Aeronáutico Pedro Duque "ficha" por su Escuela". 2004-10-21. Archived from the original on 2004-12-08. Retrieved 2005-04-28.  (Spanish)
  22. ^ Schufle, Joseph A. (1975). "Juan Jose D'Elhuyar, Discoverer of Tungsten". Journal of Chemical Education 52 (5): 325. doi:10.1021/ed052p325.1. 
  23. ^ (Spanish) Javier Manterola Armisén (1988). <<Carlos Fernández Casado. Hombre y conocimiento>>. Revista de Obras Públicas nº 135, pp. 1013-1026.
  24. ^ P. FAUS SEVILLA, El cólera de 1885 en Valencia y la vacunación Ferrán, en Medicina y Sociedad en la España del s. XIX, Madrid 1964, 285-486. (Spanish)
  25. ^ García, Manuel (1855). "Observations on the Human Voice". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 7: 399–410. doi:10.1098/rspl.1854.0094. JSTOR 111815. Retrieved 28 August 2010. 
  26. ^ Arráez-Aybar, LA & Bueno-López, JL. (2013). Antonio Gimbernat y Arbós: An Anatomist-surgeon of the Enlightenment (In the 220th Anniversary of his ‘‘A New Method of Operating the Crural Hernia’’). Clinical Anatomy 26:800–809
  27. ^ Antonio de Gimbernat y Arbós (1734–1816). Sociedad Hispanoamericana de Hernia
  28. ^ Acuna-Soto, Rodolfo; Stahle, David W.; Cleaveland, Malcolm K.; Therrell, Matthew D. (October–December 2002). "Megadrought and Megadeath in 16th Century Mexico" (PDF). Revista Biomédica (Mérida: Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán) 13 (4): 282–289. ISSN 0188-493X. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 21, 2009. Retrieved September 7, 2012. Lay summaryGeographical Review, Vol. 96, Issue 3, pages 502–505 (July 2006). Summary. The native population collapse in 16th century Mexico was a demographic catastrophe with one of the highest death rates in history. Recently developed tree-ring evidence has allowed the levels of precipitation to be reconstructed for north central Mexico, adding to the growing body of epidemiologic evidence and indicating that the 1545 and 1576 epidemics of cocoliztli (Nahuatl for "pest") were indigenous hemorrhagic fevers transmitted by rodent hosts and aggravated by extreme drought conditions. 
  29. ^ http://global.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/263711/Juan-de-Herrera
  30. ^ http://www.jameslindlibrary.org/illustrating/articles/bartolome-hidalgo-de-agueros-16th-century-evidence-based-challz
  31. ^ http://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/bri/view.cgi?n=15487
  32. ^ The man who got Spanish women off their knees has died
  33. ^ Viviane Quirke, Judy Slinn, Perspectives on Twentieth-century Pharmaceuticals (2010), p. 94.
  34. ^ Ruy López de Segura, Libro de la invención liberal y arte del juego del ajedrez..., Alcalá de Henares, Andrés de Angulo, 1561. Ficha en la Biblioteca Digital Hispánica de la BNE.
  35. ^ (Spanish) biography
  36. ^ Cargill Hall, R. (1986). History of rocketry and astronautics: proceedings of the third through the sixth History Symposia of the International Academy of Astronautics, Volumen 1. NASA conference publication. American Astronautical Society by Univelt, p. 85. ISBN 0-87703-260-2
  37. ^ A steam powered submarine: the Ictíneo Low-tech Magazine, 24 August 2008
  38. ^ "Jose Celestino Mutis". Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  39. ^ Maestre de San Juan, Aureliano (1856). "Teratolagia: falta total de los nervios olfactorios con anosmia en un individuo en quien existia una atrofia congenita de los testiculos y miembro viril.". El Siglo Médico 3: 211–221. 
  40. ^ Nobelprize.org. "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1959". 
  41. ^ http://www.fprints.nwlean.net/o.htm
  42. ^ "Biography of Mathieu Joseph Bonaventure Orfila (1787–1853)". U.S. National Library of Medicine. 
  43. ^ M. M. Woolfson. Time, Space, Stars & Man: The Story of the Big Bang. World Scientific; 2013. ISBN 978-1-84816-933-3. p. 383.
  44. ^ Armando Duran « Julio Palacios- En el centenario del nacimiento del fisico espanol » El Pais, 14 abril 1991 (Spanish)
  45. ^ Humble 1981, p. 174.
  46. ^ http://www.enciclopedia-aragonesa.com/voz.asp?voz_id=10340
  47. ^ "History of Neuroscience". Society for Neuroscience. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  48. ^ Link to the Spanish Council of Scientific Research (CSIC): http://www.residencia.csic.es/jae/en/protagonistas/41_c.htm
  49. ^ Eric Dymock, "Postwar sports cars. The modern classics".
  50. ^ Cintas, Pedro (2004). "The Road to Chemical Names and Eponyms: Discovery, Priority, and Credit". Angewandte Chemie International Edition 43 (44): 5888–94. doi:10.1002/anie.200330074. PMID 15376297. 
  51. ^ "Pio del Rio Hortega". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 18 December 2012. 
  52. ^ El impresionante mundo de Félix Rodríguez de la Fuente 14 December 2008 20 minutos (Spanish)
  53. ^ Gaceta de la Actualidad Técnica. Year II, No. 14, September 1955
  54. ^ "Prof. Margarita Salas Falgueras". sibi.org. Retrieved 9 August 2010. 
  55. ^ Ansede, Manuel (19 May 2013). "El niño pobre que desarrolló teléfonos móviles hace un siglo". Retrieved 3 June 2013. 
  56. ^ 2011 “The love for truth. Life and work of Michael Servetus”, (El amor a la verdad. Vida y obra de Miguel Servet.), printed by Navarro y Navarro, Zaragoza, collaboration with the Government of Navarra, Department of Institutional Relations and Education of the Government of Navarra, 607 pp, 64 of them illustrations, p 215-228 & 62nd illustration (XLVII)
  57. ^ http://pendientedemigracion.ucm.es/info/simarro/
  58. ^ Esteban Terrades, A life given to science and technology
  59. ^ "Milestones:Early Developments in Remote-Control, 1901 - GHN: IEEE Global History Network". Ieeeghn.org. 2007-03-15. Retrieved 2013-01-02. 
  60. ^ Randell, Brian. "From Analytical Engine to Electronic Digital Computer: The Contributions of Ludgate, Torres, and Bush" (PDF). Retrieved September 9, 2013. 
  61. ^ Torres and his remarkable automatic devices. Issue 2079 of Scientific American, 1915
  62. ^ Troyano, Leonardo, '"Bridge Engineering: A Global Perspective"', Thomas Telford Publishing, 2003, p.650
  63. ^ water tower in Fedala
  64. ^ The new model of the hydraulic machine known as El Artificio de Juanelo in three-dimensional computer simulation
  65. ^ Pérez, Fariña L A (March 2008). "[Studies on the kidney and the renal circulation, by Josep Trueta i Raspall (1897-1977)]". Actas urologicas españolas (Spain) 32 (3): 276–80. ISSN 0210-4806. PMID 18512383. 
  66. ^ Weeks, M. E. (1968). Discovery of the Elements (7 ed.). Journal of Chemical Education. pp. 385–407. ISBN 0-8486-8579-2. OCLC 23991202. 
  67. ^ http://www.uah.es/escuela_doctorado/escuela/organizacion.asp?idioma=ingles
  68. ^ It is possible to read it in a full view mode here [2] or buy here [3].
  69. ^ Fernando Salmón (2010). Robert E. Bjork, ed. The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. p. 135. ISBN 978-0-19-866262-4. 
  70. ^ D. Campbell, Arabian Medicine and Its Influence on the Middle Ages, p. 5.
  71. ^ Pagden, Anthony (1991). Vitoria: Political Writings (Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought). UK: Cambridge University Press. p. xvi. ISBN 0-521-36714-X.