List of Spanish regents

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This is a list of Spanish regents, a regent, from the Latin regens "one who reigns", is a person selected to act as head of state (ruling or not) because the ruler is a minor, not present, or debilitated.[1]

Reign of Joanna, Queen of Castile and Aragon[edit]

Image Personal
Coat of Arms
Name Regency start Regency end
Regencies (Governor of the Realms), disability of Queen Joanna.
FerdinandCatholic.jpg Coat of Arms of Ferdinand II of Aragon (1504-1513).svg Crown of Castile:
Ferdinand II of Aragon
26 November 1504
Death of Queen Isabella the Catholic.
27 June 1506
Queen Joanna and King Philip I's arrival.
FerdinandCatholic.jpg Coat of Arms of Ferdinand II of Aragon (1504-1513).svg Crown of Castile:
Ferdinand II of Aragon
17 August 1507
Death of King Philip I of Castile.
23 January 1516
Cardenal cisneros.jpg Coat of Arms of Cardinal Cisneros.svg Crown of Castile:
Cardinal Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros
23 January 1516
Death of King Ferdinand II.
19 September 1517
King Charles I's arrival.
Alonso de Aragón-Plaza Mayor de Salamanca.JPG
Germaine de Foix1.jpg
Coat of Arms of Archbishop Alonso of Aragon.svgCoat of Arms of Germanie of Foix after her second marriage.svg Crown of Aragon:
Alonso de Aragón
Queen's Guardian
and
Germaine of Foix
Lieutenant General
23 January 1516
Death of King Ferdinand II.
29 July 1518
Charles I become co-monarch with his mother Queen Joanna.

Reign of Charles I[edit]

Image Personal
Coat of Arms
Name Regency start Regency end
Regencies (Governor of the Realms) during Charles I's absences.[2]
Hadrian VI.jpg Coat of Arms of Cardinal Adriaan Florenszoon Boeyens.svg Cardinal Adriaan Florenszoon Boeyens 1520 1522
King Charles I's arrival.
Isabella of Portugal by Titian.jpg Coat of Arms of Isabella of Portugal, Holy Roman Empress and Queen Consort of Spain.svg Empress Isabella 1529 1533
King Charles I's arrival.
Isabella of Portugal by Titian.jpg Coat of Arms of Isabella of Portugal, Holy Roman Empress and Queen Consort of Spain.svg Empress Isabella 1535 1536
King Charles I's arrival.
Isabella of Portugal by Titian.jpg Coat of Arms of Isabella of Portugal, Holy Roman Empress and Queen Consort of Spain.svg Empress Isabella 1538 1539
Philip II.jpg Coat of Arms of Philip of Austria, Prince of Asturias-Azur Label (1527-1554).svg Prince Philip[3] 1539
Death of Empress Isabella.
1541
King Charles I's arrival.
Philip II.jpg Coat of Arms of Philip of Austria, Prince of Asturias-Azur Label (1527-1554).svg Prince Philip 1543 1548
William Scrots 001.jpg
Infanta Maria of Spain.jpg
Coat of Arms of Archduke Maximilian of Austria (1527–1576).svg
Coat of Arms of Spanish Infantas as Single Women (1527-1552).svg
Archduke Maximilian[4]
and
Maria of Austria
1548
Charles I and Prince Philip's absences.
1551
Prince Philip's arrival.
Philip II.jpg Coat of Arms of Philip of Austria, Prince of Asturias-Azur Label (1527-1554).svg Prince Philip 1551 1554
Infanta Juana of Spain1.jpg Coat of Joan of Austria as Princess of Portugal.svg Joanna of Austria, Princess Dowager of Portugal 1554
Charles I and Prince Philip's absences.
1559
King Philip II's arrival.
(Became monarch in 1556)

Reign of Philip III[edit]

Image Name Regency start Regency end
Regency (Governor of the Realms) as President of the Council of Castile during King Philip III's visit to Portugal.
Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1580-1668).svg Fernando de Acevedo 22 April 1619 4 December 1619

Reign of Charles II[edit]

Image Personal
Coat of Arms
Name Regency start Regency end
Queen Regent during the minority of King Charles II.
Mariana austria.jpg Coat of Arms of Marianne of Austria as Queen Dowager of Spain.svg Mariana of Austria 17 September 1665
Death of King Philip IV.[5]
6 November 1675
Charles II's majority.[6]
Regency (Lieutenant General of the Realms) during King Charles II's illness.
Cardenal Portocarrero.png Coat of Arms of Cardinal Luis Fernández de Portocarrero (Charles II of Spain Reign).svg Cardinal Luis Fernández de Portocarrero 29 October 1700[7] 1 November 1700
Death of King Charles II.

Reign of Philip V[edit]

Image Name Regency start Regency end
Government Board of the Realms.
Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1700-1761)-Common Version.svg 1 November 1700 18 February 1701
King Philip V's arrival.
Image Personal
Coat of Arms
Name Regency start Regency end
Regency (General Governor of the Realms) during King Philip V's absence.
Cardenal Portocarrero.png Coat of Arms of Cardinal Luis Fernández de Portocarrero (Philip V of Spain Reign).svg Cardinal Luis Fernández de Portocarrero 1 September 1701[9] 17 January 1703[10]

Reign of Charles III[edit]

Image Personal
Coat of Arms
Name Regency start Regency end
Queen Regent during King Charles III's absence.
Elisabeth Farnese in a drawing circa 1762.jpg Coat of Arms of Elisabeth Farnese as Queen Dowager of Spain.svg Elisabeth Farnese 10 August 1759
Death of King Ferdinand VI.
9 December 1759
King Charles III's arrival.

First Reign of Ferdinand VII[edit]

Image Personal
Coat of Arms
Name Regency start Regency end
Supreme Board of Government, French invasion (King Ferdinand VII's absence). President:
Infante Antonio Pascual de Borbón.png Coat of Arms of Antonio Pascual, Infante of Spain.svg Infante Antonio Pascual of Spain 10 April 1808 4 May 1808
Infante Antonio Pascual's departure to Bayonne.

French Invasion and Reign of Joseph Bonaparte[edit]

Image Personal
Coat of Arms
Name Regency start Regency end
Lieutenant General of the Realm.
Murat2.jpg Blason Joachim Murat Grand-Duc de Clèves et de Berg (Orn ext).svg Joachim Murat 4 May 1808[11] 20 July de 1808
King Joseph's arrival.


Image Personal
Coat of Arms
Name Regency start Regency end
Emperor's Lieutenant General in Spain.
Marechal-soult.jpg Blason Nicolas Jean-de-Dieu Soult (1769-1851).svg Jean de Dieu Soult 1 July 1813
King Joseph's departure.[12]
11 December 1813
Treaty of Valençay

Second Reign of Ferdinand VII[edit]

Peninsular War[edit]

Regencies at Peninsular War, against the French invaders.
Image Name Regency start Regency end
Supreme Central and Governing Board of the Realm. Presidents:
El conde de Floridablanca y Goya.jpg José Moñino, 1st Count of Floridablanca
(Acting)

25 September 1808


1 October 1808

1 October 1808 30 December 1808
Vicente Osorio de Moscoso.png Vicente Joaquín Osorio de Moscoso y Guzmán, 15th Marquis of Astorga
(Acting)

30 December 1808


1 May 1809


1 May 1809


1 November 1809

Juan Acisclo Vera Delgado.jpg Juan Acisclo de Vera 1 November 1809 31 January 1810
Regency Board of Spain and the Indies. Presidents:
Francisco Javier Castanos.jpg Francisco Javier Castaños 1 February 1810 29 May 1810
Pedro de Quevedo y Quintano.jpg Pedro de Quevedo y Quintano 29 May 1810 26 September 1810
Francisco de Saavedra (Goya).jpg Francisco Saavedra de Sangronis 27 September 1810 28 October 1810
Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1761-1868 and 1874-1931) Golden Fleece Variant.svg Pedro Agar y Bustillo 28 October 1810 8 December 1810
Blake y Joyes.jpg Joaquín Blake y Joyes 8 December 1810 8 April 1811
Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1761-1868 and 1874-1931) Golden Fleece Variant.svg Pedro Agar y Bustillo 8 April 1811 8 August 1811
Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1761-1868 and 1874-1931) Golden Fleece Variant.svg Gabriel de Císcar y Císcar 8 August de 1811 8 December de 1811
Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1761-1868 and 1874-1931) Golden Fleece Variant.svg Pedro Agar y Bustillo 8 December 1811 22 January 1812
Regency Council of the Realm. Presidents:
Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1761-1868 and 1874-1931) Golden Fleece Variant.svg Joaquín de Mosquera y Figueroa 22 January 1812 15 June 1812
Pedro de Alcántara Álvarez de Toledo y Salm Salm, XIII duque del Infantado (Museo del Prado).jpg Pedro de Alcántara Álvarez de Toledo, 13th Duke of the Infantado 15 June 1812 15 December 1812
Royal Coat of Arms of Spain (1761-1868 and 1874-1931) Golden Fleece Variant.svg Juan María de Villavicencio 15 December 1812 8 March 1813
Francisco de Goya y Lucientes 076.jpg Luis María de Borbón y Vallabriga, 14th Count of Chinchón
(Acting)

8 March 1813


22 March 1813

22 March 1813 10 May 1814
King Ferdinand VII's arrival.

Liberal Triennium and Hundred Thousand Sons of St. Louis Intervention[edit]

Regencies during the Hundred Thousand Sons of St. Louis Intervention.
Enshrined in the Cortes (Spanish Parliament)
Image Name Regency start Regency end
Provisional Regency Council of the Realm. President:
Cayetano valdes.jpg Cayetano Valdés y Flores 11 June 1823
King Ferdinand VII prisoner of the Cortes.
15 June 1823
Enshrined in the French army
Image Name Regency start Regency end
Provisional Government Board of Spain and the Indies. President:
Francisco de Eguía.png Francisco de Eguía 9 April 1823 25 May 1823
Regency Council of the Realm during King's Captivity. President:
Pedro de Alcántara Álvarez de Toledo y Salm Salm, XIII duque del Infantado (Museo del Prado).jpg Pedro de Alcántara Álvarez de Toledo, 13th Duke of the Infantado 25 May 1823 1 October 1823
King Ferdinand VII's liberation.

Reign of Isabella II[edit]

Regencies during the minority of Queen Isabella II:
Image Personal
Coat of Arms
Name Regency start Regency end
Queen Regent
María Cristina de Borbón-Dos Sicilias, reina de España.jpg Coat of Arms of Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies as Queen Dowager of Spain.svg Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies 29 September 1833
Death of King Ferdinand VII.
12 October 1840
Queen Regent's deposition.
Provisional Regency of the Realm. President:
Baldomero Espartero.jpg Coat of Arms of Baldomero Espartero, Prince of Vergara.svg Baldomero Espartero 12 October 1840 10 May 1841
Regent of the Realm
Baldomero Espartero.jpg Coat of Arms of Baldomero Espartero, Prince of Vergara.svg Baldomero Espartero 10 May 1841 23 July 1843
General Espartero's deposition and
Queen Isabella II's majority.

.

Interregnum and Reign of Amadeo[edit]

Image Name Term start Term end
Provisional Government and Executive Power.[13] President:
Francisco-serrano.jpg Francisco Serrano y Domínguez (President of the Provisional Government)
8 October 1868
Queen Isabella II's deposition.
25 February 1869
(President of the Executive Power)
25 February 1869
18 June 1869
Image Personal
Coat of Arms
Name Regency start Regency end
Regent of the Realm
Francisco-serrano.jpg Coat of Arms of Francisco Serrano, 1st Duke of la Torre.svg Francisco Serrano y Domínguez 18 June 1869 2 January 1871
King Amadeo's arrival.

Reign of Alfonso XII[edit]

Image Name Regency start Regency end
Regency Ministry during King Alfonso XII's absence. President:
Canovas2.jpg Antonio Cánovas del Castillo 31 December 1874
Bourbon dynasty restored.
14 January 1875
King Alfonso XII's arrival.

Reign of Alfonso XIII[edit]

Image Personal
Coat of Arms
Name Regency start Regency end
Queen Regent during the minority of King Alfonso XIII.
María Cristina de Habsburgo-Lorena.jpg Coat of Arms of Maria Christina of Austria as Queen Dowager of Spain.svg Maria Christina of Austria
Death of King Alfonso XII.
26 November 1885 17 May 1902
King Alfonso XIII's majority.

Francoism[edit]

Image Name Regency start Regency end
Regency Council during Francisco Franco's visit to Portugal.
Coat of Arms of Spain (1945-1977).svg 22 October 1949 27 October 1949
Image Personal
Coat of arms
Name Regency start Regency end
Acting Head of State during Francisco Franco's illness.
Juan Carlos de Borbón, Prince of Spain.jpg Coat of Arms of Juan Carlos of Spain as Prince.svg Juan Carlos, Prince of Spain
19 July 1974


2 September 1974

30 October 1975 20 November 1975
Death of Francisco Franco.
Image Name Regency start Regency end
Regency Council. President:
Coat of Arms of Spain (1945-1977).svg Alejandro Rodríguez de Valcárcel 20 November 1975 22 November 1975
Juan Carlos became monarch.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ The Oxford English Dictionary defines the term as "A person appointed to administer a State because the Monarch is a minor, is absent or is incapacitated."
  2. ^ Pernot, François (2003), La Franche-Comté espagnole: à travers les archives de Simancas, une autre histoire des Franc-Comtois et de leurs relations avec l'Espagne de 1493 à 1678, ed. Presses Universitaires de Franche-Comté, pág.32 (French)
  3. ^ Los viajes del emperador, Manuel de Foronda y Aguilera (1914). (Spanish)
  4. ^ Los viajes del emperador, Manuel de Foronda y Aguilera (1914)(Spanish)
  5. ^ Testamento de Felipe IV, incluido en la "Coleccion de los tratados (...) hechos por los pueblos, reyes y príncipes de España", vol. VII, págs. 678-718, de José Antonio de Abreu y Bertodano.(Spanish)
  6. ^ Gaceta de Madrid, 9 de noviembre de 1700 (Spanish).
  7. ^ Decreto de Carlos II, 29 de octubre de 1700 (Spanish).
  8. ^ Gaceta de Madrid, 2 de noviembre de 1700 (Spanish).
  9. ^ Gaceta de Madrid, 6 de septiembre de 1701 (Spanish).
  10. ^ Gaceta de Madrid, 23 de enero de 1703 (Spanish)
  11. ^ Gaceta de Madrid, 13 de mayo 1808 (Spanish)
  12. ^ [1] (Spanish).
  13. ^ The official name of " Executive Power " between 1868 and 1874, designates a transitory and undefined authority without a constitutional configuration.
  14. ^ BOE 21 october 1949 (Spanish)