List of Spanish words of Indo-Aryan origin

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This is a list of Spanish words that come from Indo-Aryan languages. It is further divided into words that come from Gujarati and Sanskrit). Some of these words have alternate etymologies and may also appear on a list of Spanish words from a different language.

Sanskrit[edit]

  • ajedrez
  • barandilla
  • bonzo= Buddhist monk: from Portuguese bonzo, from Japanese bonsō, from Chinese fanseng "Buddhist monk," from fan (earlier also pronounced bón) "a Buddhist," from Sanskrit brāhmanas "Brahmin," from brahmán- "priest, prayer" + Chinese seng "monk."
  • Buda
  • carambola
  • casimir
  • hindú
  • índigo
  • indo
  • jenjibre, jengibre
  • mandarín
  • mandarina
  • moscatel
  • naranja
  • naranjo
  • ópalo
  • palanquín
  • ponche
  • quermes
  • rupia
  • sándalo
  • sánscrito
  • Zoote - Zapato
  • Mrut/Mrit - Muerto
  • dia/ diya/dena - dio/ dar (give/gave)
  • Per - Pero (But)
  • Dēva - Dios (God)
  • Laṛā'ī - Luchar
  • Makkhana - Mantequilla
  • Vidhavā - Viuda
  • Vihar - Viaje
  • Rani - Reina
  • Man - Mente (Mind)
  • Yuvā - Joven
  • Dasmalav - Decimal
  • Guha/ Gufa - Cueva
  • Bhari - Barrer (Sweep)
  • Pura - Puro (Full)
  • Sapna - Sueno (Dreams)
  • Sukana/ Sekana - Secar
  • Puchna - Pedir
  • Parikshn - Prueba
  • Raja - Rey
  • Gambhir - Grave
  • Pathar - Piedra
  • Per - Pies
  • Dhan - Dinero
  • Chalna - Caminar
  • Swami - Senor (Lord, not Mr.)
  • Abhava - Ausencia
  • Toofan - Tormenta
  • loo/ Loa - llama (Flame)
  • Chammach - Cuchara
  • Tana - Tallo
  • Aankh - Ojo

At certain places, it may appears that the words are different but when compared with pronunciation in Sanskrit/ Hindi, it will be same as Spanish like Bhari/Barrer, Aankhen/Ojo, Guha/Cueva, Mrit/ Muerto, Yuva-Yovan-Youn/Joven etc. (Pronunciation in spanish is same). Keep in mind that all verbs in Hindi ends with 'NA' while spanish with 'AR','ER' & 'IR' and hence the stems found more importance like in Bhari is Bharna in Hindi while it becomes Barrer in Spanish but the stem Bar/Bhar is same as in hindi we have BH sound available while the same is not there in Spanish alphabets. Same is for Ka,Kh and Ga in hindi are similar in sound as J/C/Ch in Spanish like Chalna becomes Caminar or Vihar as Viaje. Any other notes please share at this location.

Gujarati[edit]

  • tanque
  • bale (?)
  • pagar (?)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • "Breve diccionario etimológico de la lengua española" by Guido Gómez de Silva (ISBN 968-16-2812-8)