List of special elections to the United States House of Representatives

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This is a list of special elections to the United States House of Representatives. Such elections are called by state governors to fill the vacancies that occur when a member of the House of Representatives dies or resigns before the biennial general election. Winners of these elections serve the remainder of the term and are usually candidates in the next general election for their districts.

The general elections are held in November of even numbered years. New Congresses convened on March 4 of the following year until 1934. Since 1934, new Congresses have convened on January 3 of the following year.

Before 1935, the date when the House first met (or convened) was often fixed to be some time after the legal start of the Congress. It was common for the date of the first meeting to be in November or December of the odd numbered year.

The Biographical Directory of the United States Congress often erroneously assumes that the Representative-elect, who presented credentials for a seat when the Congress first convened was elected at a general election and dates the start of his/her term from the legal start of the Congress. The Directory also sometimes assumes that a Representative from the previous Congress who did not present credentials for the new one did not contest the general election; although in fact the incumbent Representative had been re-elected but vacated the seat while still was a Representative-elect to the new Congress that had not yet convened.

List of special elections[edit]

District Con-
gress
Date[1]
Links to special election articles
Predecessor Winner Cause of Vacancy
New Hampshire At-large 1 June 22, 1789[2]
March 4, 1789[3]
Benjamin West[4] (Pro-Admin) Abiel Foster (Pro-Admin) Declined to serve
Virginia 9 1 July, 1790[2]
December 7, 1790[3]
Theodorick Bland (Anti-Admin) William B. Giles (Anti-Admin) Death
Connecticut At-large 2 December 16, 1790[2]
March 4, 1791[3]
Pierpont Edwards[5] (Pro-Admin) Jeremiah Wadsworth (Pro-Admin) Resigned
New York 1 2 April 26–28, 1791[2]
October 24, 1791[3]
James Townsend[5] (Pro-Admin) Thomas Tredwell (Anti-Admin) Death
Connecticut At-large 2 September 19, 1791[2]
March 4, 1791[3]
Roger Sherman[4] (Pro-Admin) Amasa Learned (Pro-Admin) Resigned to become the United States Senator for Connecticut
Maryland 3 2 October 26–29, 1791[2]
February 6, 1792[3]
William Pinkney (Pro-Admin) John Francis Mercer (Anti-Admin) Resigned
Georgia 1 2 July 9, 1792[2]
November 22, 1792[3]
Anthony Wayne (Anti-Admin) John Milledge (Anti-Admin) Removed from his seat during a debate over his residency qualifications
Maryland 2 2 January 7–10, 1793[2]
January 30, 1793[3]
Joshua Seney (Anti-Admin) William Hindman (Pro-Admin) Resigned to take up his new duties as a judge of the state court for the district of Baltimore
Connecticut At-large 3 April 8, 1793[2][3] Jonathan Sturges[5] (Pro-Admin) Uriah Tracy (Pro-Admin) Resigned to become Associate Justice of the Connecticut Supreme Court
Connecticut At-large 3 September 16, 1793[2] Benjamin Huntington[4] (Pro-Admin) Jonathan Ingersoll (Pro-Admin) Resigned
Connecticut At-large
2 seats
3 November 11, 1793[2]
March 4, 1793[3]
Stephen M. Mitchell[4] (Pro-Admin)
Jonathan Ingersoll[4] (Pro-Admin)
Joshua Coit (Pro-Admin)
Zephaniah Swift (Pro-Admin)
Mitchell resigned to become the United States Senator for Connecticut and Ingersoll declined to take his seat
Maryland 2 3 May 5, 1794[2]
November 11, 1794[3]
John Francis Mercer (Anti-Admin) Gabriel Duvall (Anti-Admin) Resigned
South Carolina 5 3 October 13–14, 1794
February 9, 1795
Alexander Gillon (A) Robert Goodloe Harper (P) Gillon died on October 6, 1794
Maryland 3 3 December 8, 1794
January 2, 1795
Uriah Forrest (P) Benjamin Edwards (P) Resigned
New Jersey At-large 3 January 11, 1795
January 29, 1795[3]
Abraham Clark (Pro-Admin) Aaron Kitchell (Pro-Admin) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
South Carolina 2 4 January 19–20, 1795[2]
March 4, 1795[3]
John Barnwell[5] (F) Wade Hampton (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Connecticut At-large 4 April 13, 1795[2]
March 4, 1795[3]
Jonathan Trumbull[5] (F) Nathaniel Smith (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
North Carolina 4 4 August 13–14, 1795[2]
March 4, 1795[3]
Alexander Mebane[4] (DR) Absalom Tatom (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maryland 2 4 April 18, 1796[2]
May 5, 1796[3]
Gabriel Duvall (DR) Richard Sprigg (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts 10 4 September 12, 1796[2]
December 7, 1796[3]
Benjamin Goodhue (F) Samuel Sewall (F) Resigned to retire from public life
Connecticut At-large 4 September 19, 1796[2]
December 5, 1796[3]
James Hillhouse (F) James Davenport (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maryland 3 4 October 3, 1796[2]
December 5, 1796[3]
Jeremiah Crabb (F) William Craik (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 5 4 October 11, 1796[2]
December 8, 1796[3]
Daniel Hiester (DR) George Ege (F) Resigned and moved to Hagerstown, Maryland
Rhode Island At-large 4 November 15, 1796[2][3] Benjamin Bourne (F) Elisha R. Potter (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts 1 4 November 21, 1796[2]
January 27, 1797[3]
Theodore Sedgwick (F) Thomson J. Skinner (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
North Carolina 4 4 November 23, 1796[2]
November 28, 1796[3]
Absalom Tatom (DR) William Strudwick (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Connecticut At-large 4 December 5, 1796[2]
January 3, 1797[3]
Uriah Tracy (F) Samuel W. Dana (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Rhode Island At-large 5 November 15, 1796[2]
March 4, 1797
Elisha R. Potter[5] (F) Thomas Tillinghast (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Connecticut At-large
2 seats
5 April 10, 1797[2]
March 4, 1797[3]
Uriah Tracy[5] (F)
Zephaniah Swift[4] (F)
John Allen (F)
James Davenport (F)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Vermont 2 5 May 23, 1797[2]
March 4, 1797[3]
Daniel Buck[4] (F) Lewis R. Morris (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts 11 5 August 4, 1797[2]
November 27, 1797[3]
Theophilus Bradbury (F) Bailey Bartlett (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Hampshire at-large 5 August 28, 1797
December 15, 1797
Jeremiah Smith (F) Peleg Sprague (F) Smith was named United States Attorney for the District of New Hampshire
Rhode Island At-large 5 August 29, 1797[2]
November 13, 1797[3]
Elisha R. Potter (F) Thomas Tillinghast (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
South Carolina 1 5 September 4–5, 1797[2]
November 23, 1797[3]
William L. Smi (F) Thomas Pinckney (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Connecticut At-large 5 September 18, 1797[2]
November 13, 1797[3]
James Davenport (F) William Edmond (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 5 5 October 10, 1797[2]
December 1, 1797[3]
George Ege (F) Joseph Hiester (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Hampshire At-large 5 October 30, 1797[2]
December 15, 1797[3]
Jeremiah Smith (F) Peleg Sprague (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
North Carolina 10 5 August 2, 1798[2]
December 10, 1798[3]
Nathan Bryan (DR) Richard D. Spaight (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 1 5 October 9, 1798[2]
December 3, 1798[3]
John Swanwick (DR) Robert Waln (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 4 5 October 9, 1798[2]
December 4, 1798[3]
Samuel Sitgreaves (F) Robert Brown (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Connecticut At-large 5 October 22, 1798[2]
December 3, 1798[3]
Joshua Coit (F) Jonathan Brace (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Virginia 9 5 November 1, 1798[2]
December 3, 1798[3]
William B. Giles (DR) Joseph Eggleston (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maryland 7 6 November 29, 1798[2]
March 4, 1799[3]
Joshua Seney[5] (DR) Joseph H. Nicholson (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Connecticut At-large 6 September 16, 1799[2]
March 4, 1799[3]
John Allen[4] (F) Elizur Goodrich (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Hampshire At-large 6 November 18, 1799[2]
December 2, 1799
Peleg Sprague[4] (F) James Sheafe (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New York 1 6 December 27–29, 1799[2]
February 6, 1800[3]
Jonathan N. Havens[4] (DR) John Smith (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Virginia 13 6 June 7, 1800
November 26, 1800
John Marshall (F) Littleton W. Tazewell (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Hampshire at-large 6 August 25, 1800
December 8, 1800
William Gordon (F) Samuel Tenney (F) Gordon resigned to accept appointment as New Hampshire Attorney General
Connecticut At-large 6 September 15, 1800[2]
November 17, 1800[3]
Jonathan Brace (F) John C. Smith (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts 10 6 October 20, 1800[2]
November 25, 1800[3]
Samuel Sewall (F) Nathan Read (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Hampshire At-large 6 October 27, 1800[2]
December 8, 1800[3]
William Gordon (F) Samuel Tenney (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts 3 6 December 15, 1800[2]
February 2, 1801[3]
Samuel Lyman (F) Ebenezer Mattoon (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts 4 6 December 15, 1800[2][3] Dwight Foster (F) Levi Lincoln (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 8 6 January 15, 1801[2][3] Thomas Hartley (F) John Stewart (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia At-large 7 March 23, 1801[2]
March 4, 1801[3]
James Jones[5] (DR) John Milledge (DR) Jones died January 11, 1801
Connecticut At-large 7 April 9, 1801[2]
May 14, 1801[3]
Elizur Goodrich[5] (F) Calvin Goddard (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts 14 7 June 22, 1801[2]
March 4, 1801[3]
George Thatcher[4] (F) Richard Cutts (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
North Carolina 8 7 August 6–7, 1801[2]
March 4, 1801[3]
David Stone[5] (DR) Charles Johnson (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts 4 7 June 22, 1801[2]
August 24, 1801[3]
Levi Lincoln[4] (DR) Seth Hastings (F) Lincoln was appointed United States Attorney General
Massachusetts 14 7 June 22, 1801
December 7, 1801
George Thatcher (F) Richard Cutts (DR) Thatcher declined to serve in the 7th Congress
Connecticut At-large 7 September 21, 1801[2]
March 4, 1801[3]
William Edmond[4] (F) Benjamin Tallmadge (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts 12 7 September 25, 1801
December 6, 1802
Silas Lee (F) Samuel Thatcher (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
North Carolina 8 7 August 6, 1801
December 7, 1801
David Stone (F) Charles Johnson (DR) Stone resigned before the start of the 7th Congress upon elected to the Senate
New York 5 7 October 6–8, 1801[2]
October 6, 1801[3]
Thomas Tillotson[4] (DR) Theodorus Bailey (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New York 6 7 October 6–8, 1801[2]
October 6, 1801[3]
John Bird[4] (F) John P. Van Ness (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 4 7 October 13, 1801[2]
March 4, 1801[3]
J.P.G. Muhlenberg[4] (DR) Isaac Van Horne (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 12 7 October 13, 1801[2]
March 4, 1801[3]
Albert Gallatin[4] (DR) William Hoge (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Tennessee At-large 7 October 29–30, 1801[2]
March 4, 1801[3]
William C.C. Claiborne[4] (DR) William Dickson (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maryland 2 7 March 2, 1802[2]
March 24, 1802[3]
Richard Sprigg (DR) Walter Bowie (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia At-large 7 April 5, 1802[2]
December 6, 1802[3]
Benjamin Taliaferro (DR) David Meriwether (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
South Carolina 4 7 April 12–13, 1802[2]
January 24, 1803[3]
Thomas Sumter (DR) Richard Winn (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts 12 7 September 25, 1801 - July 29, 1802[2]
December 6, 1802[3]
Silas Lee[4] (F) Samuel Thatcher (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Hampshire At-large 7 August 30, 1802[2]
December 6, 1802[3]
Joseph Peirce (F) Samuel Hunt (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
North Carolina 8 7 October 15, 1802[2]
December 7, 1802[3]
Charles Johnson (DR) Thomas Wynns (DR) Johnson died July 23, 1802
Georgia At-large 7 December 15, 1802[2]
January 10, 1803[3]
John Milledge[5] (DR) Peter Early (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New York 7 8 April 26–28, 1803[2]
April 28, 1803[3]
John Cantine[5] (F) Josiah Hasbrouck (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Connecticut At-large 8 September 5, 1803[2]
March 4, 1803[3]
Elias Perkins[4] (F) Simeon Baldwin (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New York 6 8 September 14–16, 1803[2]
October 17, 1803[3]
Isaac Bloom[4] (DR) Daniel C. Verplanck (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia At-large 8 October 3, 1803[2]
March 4, 1803[3]
John Milledge[5] (DR) Joseph Bryan (DR) Milledge was elected Governor of Georgia
New York 1 8 April 24–26, 1804[2]
November 5, 1804[3]
John Smith (DR) Samuel Riker (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts 12 8 September 17, 1804[2]
November 5, 1804[3]
Thomson J. Skinner (DR) Simon Larned (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Virginia 13 8 October, 1804[2]
November 5, 1804[3]
John Johns Trigg (DR) Christopher H. Clark (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maryland 4 8 October 1, 1804[2]
November 6, 1804[3]
Daniel Hiester (DR) Roger Nelson (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 10 8 November 2, 1804[2][3] William Hoge (DR) John Hoge (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Virginia 5 8 November 13, 1804[2]
December 4, 1804[3]
Andrew Moore (DR) Alexander Wilson (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New York 3 8 January 2–4, 1805[2]
February 14, 1805[3]
Samuel L. Mitchill (DR) George Clinton (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New York 2nd & 3 9 September 11–13, 1804[2]
March 4, 1805[3]
Daniel D. Tompkins[5] (DR) Gurdon S. Mumford (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New York 2nd & 3 9 January 2–4, 1805[2]
March 4, 1805
Samuel L. Mitchill[5] (DR) George Clinton (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
North Carolina 5 9 August 8, 1805[2]
March 4, 1805[3]
James Gillespie[5] (DR) Thomas Kenan (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Connecticut At-large
2 seats
9 September 16, 1805[2][3] Calvin Goddard[4] (F)
Roger Griswold[4] (F)
Timothy Pitkin (F)
Lewis B. Sturges (F)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
South Carolina 8 9 September 26–27, 1805[2]
March 4, 1805[3]
John B. Earle[4] (DR) Elias Earle (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Delaware At-large 9 October 1, 1805[2]
March 4, 1805[3]
James A. Bayard[4] (F) James M. Broom (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 4 9 October 8, 1805[2]
November 7, 1805[3]
John A. Hanna[4] (DR) Robert Whitehill (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 11 9 October 8, 1805[2]
November 7, 1805[3]
John B. Lucas[4] (DR) Samuel Smith (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
North Carolina 10 9 January 23–24, 1806[2]
February 24, 1806[3]
Nathaniel Alexander[4] (DR) Evan S. Alexander (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia At-large 9 September 1, 1806[2][3] Joseph Bryan (DR) Dennis Smelt (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Connecticut At-large 9 September 15, 1806[2]
December 1, 1806[3]
John C. Smith (F) Theodore Dwight (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maryland 7 9 September 27/October 4,
1806;[2] December 3, 1806[3]
Joseph H. Nicholson (DR) Edward Lloyd (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Virginia 13 9 November, 1806[2]
December 1, 1806[3]
Christopher H. Clark (DR) William A. Burwell (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 1 9 November 27, 1806[2]
December 8, 1806[3]
Michael Leib (DR) John Porter (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia At-large 9 December 1, 1806[2]
January 26, 1807[3]
Thomas Spalding (DR) William W. Bibb (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
South Carolina 6 10 June 1–2, 1807[2]
June 2, 1807[3]
Levi Casey[5] (DR) Joseph C. Calhoun (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts 12 10 July 13, 1807[2]
September 16, 1807[3]
Barnabas Bidwell[4] (DR) Ezekiel Bacon (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Delaware At-large 10 October 6, 1807[2][3] James M. Broom[4] (F) Nicholas Van Dyke (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
North Carolina 7 10 February 1, 1808[2]
February 23, 1808[3]
John Culpepper (F) John Culpepper (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Jersey At-large 10 March 8–9, 1808[2]
March 8, 1808[3]
Ezra Darby (DR) Adam Boyd (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New York 12 10 April 26–28, 1808[2]
June 3, 1808[3]
David Thomas (DR) Nathan Wilson (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts 2 10 May 4, 1808[2]
May 23, 1808[3]
Jacob Crowninshield (DR) Joseph Story (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Rhode Island At-large 10 August 30, 1808[2]
November 11, 1808[3]
Nehemiah Knight (DR) Richard Jackson, Jr. (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Vermont 1 10 September 6, 1808[2][3] James Witherell (DR) Samuel Shaw (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Virginia 17 10 September 8, 12, 26, 1808[2]
November 7, 1808[3]
John Claiborne (DR) Thomas Gholson, Jr. (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 1 10 October 11, 1808[2]
November 16, 1808[3]
Joseph Clay (DR) Benjamin Say (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 1 11 October 10, 1809[2][3] Benjamin Say (DR) Adam Seybert (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Virginia 21 11 December, 1809[2]
January 17, 1810[3]
Wilson C. Nicholas (DR) David S. Garland (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New York 2 11 April 24–26, 1810[2]
December 4, 1810[3]
William Denning[4] (DR) Samuel L. Mitchill (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Kentucky 5 11 August 6, 1810[2]
August 8, 1810[3]
Benjamin Howa (DR) William T. Barry (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Connecticut At-large 11 September 17, 1810[2]
October 11, 1810[3]
Samuel W. Dana (F) Ebenezer Huntington (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maryland 4 11 October 1, 1810[2]
October 15, 1810[3]
Roger Nelson (DR) Samuel Ringgold (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Jersey At-large 11 October 30–31, 1810[2]
October 31, 1810[3]
James Cox (DR) John A. Scudder (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts 10 11 October 8, 1810[2][3] Jabez Upham (F) Joseph Allen (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts 11 11 October 8, 1810[2][3] William Stedman (F) Abijah Bigelow (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Virginia 1 11 November, 1810[2]
December 21, 1810[3]
John G. Jackson (DR) William McKinley (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maryland 7 11 November 15, 1810[2]
November 29, 1810[3]
John Brown (DR) Robert Wright (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
South Carolina 1 11 December 31, 1810[2][3] Robert Marion (DR) Langdon Cheves (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maryland 7 12 November 15, 1810[2][6]
March 4, 1811
John Brown[5] (DR) Robert Wright (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maryland 6 12 October 2, 1811[2]
October 26, 1810[3]
John Montgomery[4] (DR) Stevenson Archer (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts 4 12 November 4, 1811[2][3] Joseph B. Varnum[4] (DR) William M. Richardson (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts 17 12 April 6, 1812[2][3] Barzillai Gannett[4] (DR) Francis Carr (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia At-large 12 October 5, 1812[2][3] Howell Cobb (DR) William Barnett (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New York 6 12 December 15–17, 1812[2]
January 29, 1813[3]
Robert L. Livingston (F) Thomas P. Grosvenor (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
North Carolina 3 12 January 11, 1813[2]
January 30, 1813[3]
Thomas Blount (DR) William Kennedy (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 13 13 February 16, 1813[2]
May 24, 1813[3]
John Smilie[5] (DR) Isaac Griffin (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Ohio 6 13 April 20, 1813[2]
April 20, 1813[3]
John S. Edwards[5] (F) Reasin Beall (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New York 15 13 April 27–29, 1813[2]
May 26, 1813[3]
William Dowse[5] (F) John M. Bowers[7] (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Kentucky 8 13 April 29, 1813[2]
April 20, 1813[3]
John Simpson[5] (DR) Stephen Ormsby (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 15 13 May 4, 1813[2][3] Abner Lacock[5] (DR) Thomas Wilson (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Ohio 3 13 May 10, 1813[2]
May 4, 1813[3]
Duncan McArthur[4] (DR) William Creighton (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 5 13 May 11, 1813[2][3] Robert Whitehill[4] (DR) John Rea (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 3 13 October 12, 1813[2][3] John Gloninger (F) Edward Crouch (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 7 13 October 12, 1813[2][3] John M. Hyneman (DR) Daniel Udree (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia At-large 13 December 13, 1813[2][3] William W. Bibb (DR) Alfred Cuthbert (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New York 2 13 December 28–30, 1813[2]
January 22, 1814[3]
Egbert Benson (F) William Irving (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Kentucky 2 13 February 28, 1814[2]
March 29, 1814[3]
Henry Clay (DR) Joseph H. Hawkins (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts 4 13 May 23, 1814[2]
September 22, 1814[3]
William M. Richardson (DR) Samuel Dana (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Virginia 11 13 June, 1814[2]
September 19, 1814[3]
John Dawson (DR) Philip P. Barbour (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts 12 13 August 4, 1814[2]
September 26, 1814[3]
Daniel Dewey (F) John W. Hulbert (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Hampshire At-large 13 August 29, 1814[2] Samuel Smith (F) vacant [8] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Tennessee 5 13 September 15–16, 1814[2]
September 16, 1814[3]
Felix Grundy (DR) Newton Cannon (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Jersey At-large 13 October 10–11, 1814[2]
November 2, 1814[3]
Jacob Hufty [9] (F) Thomas Bines (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Ohio 6 13 October 11, 1814[2][3] Reasin Beall (DR) David Clendenin (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 2 13 October 11, 1814[2][3] Jonathan Roberts (DR) Samuel Henderson (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 3 13 October 11, 1814[2][3] James Whitehill (DR) Amos Slaymaker (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New York 6 14 April, 1815 Jonathan Fisk (DR) James W. Wilkin (DR) Fisk resigned to accept appointment as United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York
New York 12 14 April, 1815 Benjamin Pond (DR) Asa Adgate (DR) Benjamin Pond died October 14, 1814
Virginia 15 14 October, 1815 Matthew Clay (DR) John Kerr (DR) Clay died on May 27, 1815
Pennsylvania 1 14 October 15, 1815 Jonathan Williams (DR) John Sergeant (F) Williams died on May 16, 1815
Pennsylvania 3 14 October 15, 1815 Amos Ellmaker (DR) James M. Wallace (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 9 14 October 15, 1815 David Bard (DR) Thomas Burnside (DR) Bard died on March 12, 1815
Tennessee 2 14 December 7–8, 1815
January 8, 1816
John Sevier (DR) William G. Blount (DR) Sevier died on September 24, 1815
North Carolina 6 14 January 22, 1816 Nathaniel Macon (DR) Weldon N. Edwards (DR) Macon resigned after being elected to the Senate
Maryland 5 14 January 27, 1816
February 4, 1816
Nicholas R. Moore (DR) Samuel Smith (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New York 20 14 September, 1816
December 3, 1816
Enos T. Throop (DR) Daniel Avery (DR) Throop resigned after losing re-election campaign
Maryland 5 14 September 3, 1816
December 2, 1816
William Pinkney (DR) Peter Little (DR) Pinkney was named Minister to Russia
Pennsylvania 9 14 October 8, 1816 Thomas Burnside (DR) William P. Maclay (DR) Resigned to accept judicial appointment
Virginia 18 14 October 10–28, 1816 Thomas Gholson, Jr. (DR) Thomas M. Nelson (DR) Ghoulson died on July 4, 1816
Kentucky 1 14 December 2, 1816 James Clark (DR) Thomas Fletcher (DR) Clark was appointed as a circuit court judge
Maryland 3 14 December 2, 1816 Alexander C. Hanson (F) George Peter (F) Hanson resigned after being elected to the Senate
Massachusetts 11 14 December 2, 1816 Elijah Brigham (F) Benjamin Adams (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
North Carolina 8 14 December 2, 1816 Richard Stanford (DR) Samuel Dickens (DR) Stanford died on April 16, 1816
Ohio 1 14 December 2, 1816 John McLean (DR) William Henry Harrison (DR) McLean resigned in April, 1816
Georgia At-large 14 December, 1816
January 23, 1817
Alfred Cuthbert (DR) Zadock Cook (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 10 15 October 14, 1817 David Scott (DR) John Murray (DR) Scott resigned to accept a judicial appointment
Connecticut At-large
2 seats
15 December 1, 1817 Sylvanus Blackus (F)
Charles Dennison (F)
Ebenezer Huntington (F)
Nathaniel Terry (F)
Blackus died February 15, 1817
New York 4 15 December 1, 1817 Henry B. Lee (DR) James Tallmadge, Jr. (DR) Representative-elect Lee died on February 18, 1817
North Carolina 7 15 January 1, 1818
January 26, 1818
Alexander McMillan (F) James Stewart (F) Representative-elect McMillan died some time before Congress assembled
South Carolina 6 15 February 9, 1818 John C. Calhoun (DR) Eldred Simkins (DR) Calhoun resigned upon being appointed Secretary of War
Pennsylvania 6 15 March 3, 1818
March 24, 1818
John Ross (DR) Thomas J. Rogers (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 6 15 October 13, 1818 Samuel D. Ingham (DR) Samuel Moore (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts 20 15 November 4, 1818 Albion K. Parris (DR) Enoch Lincoln (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
North Carolina 11 15 November 7, 1818 Daniel M. Forney (DR) William Davidson (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Connecticut At-large 15 November 16, 1818 Uriel Holmes (F) Sylvester Gilbert (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 4 15 November 16, 1818 Jacob Spangler (DR) Jacob Hostetter (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Louisiana At-large 15 November 16, 1818 Thomas B. Robertson (DR) Thomas Butler (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Virginia 19 15 November 16, 1818 Peterson Goodwyn (DR) John Pegram (DR) Goodwyn died on February 21, 1818.
Georgia At-large 15 January 4, 1819 John Forsyth (DR) Robert R. Reid (DR) Forsyth resigned upon being elected to the Senate
Georgia At-large 16 January 4, 1819 John Forsyth (DR) Robert R. Reid (DR) Forsyth resigned upon being elected to the Senate
Massachusetts 13 16 August 21, 1820 Edward Dowse (DR) William Eustis (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 5 16 October 10, 1820
November 13, 1820
David Fullerton (DR) Thomas G. McCullough (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maine 1 16 November 7, 1820
December 11, 1820
John Holmes (DR) Joseph Dane (F) Holmes was elected as one of the first two Senators from Maine
Virginia 1 16 November 13, 1820 James Pindall (F) Edward B. Jackson (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Virginia 10 16 November 13, 1820 George F. Strother (DR) Thomas L. Moore (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Virginia 20 16 November 13, 1820 James Johnson (DR) John C. Gray (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
North Carolina 4 16 February 7, 1821 Jesse Slocumb (DR) William S. Blackledge (DR) Slocumb died on December 20, 1820
New York 6 17 November 6–8, 1821 Selah Tuthill (DR) Charles Borland, Jr. Tuthill died September 7, 1821
Pennsylvania 5 17 October 9, 1821
December 12, 1821
James Duncan (DR) John Findlay (DR) Duncan resigned in April, 1821
Pennsylvania 10 17 October 9, 1821
December 12, 1821
William Cox Ellis (F) Thomas Murray, Jr. (DR) Resigned July 20, 1821
South Carolina 9 17 December 3, 1821 John S. Richards (DR) James Blair (DR) Representative-elect Richards declined to serve
Kentucky 8 17 January 2, 1822 Wingfield Bullock (DR) James D. Breckinridge (DR) Bullock died on October 13, 1821
New York 9 17 February 25–27, 1822 Solomon Van Rensselaer (DR) Stephen Van Rensselaer (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Delaware At-large 17 October 1, 1822
December 2, 1822
Caesar A. Rodney (DR) Daniel Rodney (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 1 17 October 1, 1822
December 2, 1822
William Milnor (F) Thomas Forrest (F) Milnor resigned May 8, 1822
Pennsylvania 6 17 October 1, 1822
December 2, 1822
Samuel Moore (DR) Samuel D. Ingham (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 14 17 October 1, 1822 Henry Baldwin (DR) Walter Forward (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Indiana At-large 17 December 2, 1822 William Hendricks (DR) Jonathan Jennings (DR) Hendricks resigned to run for Governor of Indiana
Maine 2 17 December 2, 1822 Ezekiel Whitman (F) Mark Harris (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 7 17 December 10, 1822
December 23, 1822
Ludwig Worman (F) Daniel Udree (F) Worman died October 17, 1822
South Carolina 9 17 December 11, 1822 James Blair (DR) John Carter (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
South Carolina 2 17 January 6, 1823 William Lowndes (DR) James Hamilton, Jr. (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maryland 5 17 January 8, 1823 Samuel Smith (DR) Isaac McKim (DR) Smith resigned his seat December 22, 1822 after being elected to the Senate
Maryland 5 18 January 8, 1823 Samuel Smith (DR) Isaac McKim (Jackson Republican) Smith resigned his seat December 22, 1822 after being elected to the Senate
Pennsylvania 8 18 October 12, 1824
December 9, 1824
Thomas J. Rogers (Jackson Republican) George Wolf (Jackson Republican) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 13 18 October 12, 1824
December 6, 1824
John Tod (Jackson Republican) Alexander Thomson (Jackson Republican) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New York 28 18 December 1, 1823 William B. Rochester (Adams Republican) William Woods (Adams Republican) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Virginia 13 18 April 24, 1824 William Lee Ball (Crawford Republican) John Taliaferro (Crawford Republican) Ball died on February 29, 1824
Massachusetts 10 18 December 13, 1824 None[10] John Bailey (DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Vermont at-large 18 December 13, 1824[3] Charles Rich (DR) Henry Olin (DR) Rich died on October 15, 1824
Indiana 1 18 December 23, 1824[3] William Prince (Jackson Republican) Jacob Call (Jackson Republican) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
North Carolina 2 18 January 6, 1825
January 19, 1825
Hutchins Gordon Burton (Crawford Republican) George Outlaw (Crawford Republican) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia At-large 18 February 7, 1825 Thomas W. Cobb (Crawford Republican) Richard Henry Wilde (Crawford Republican) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 16 19 October 11, 1825
December 5, 1825
James Allison, Jr. (J) Robert Orr, Jr. (J) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 18 19 March 14, 1826
April 3, 1826
Patrick Farrelly Thomas H. Sill (A) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maine 5 19 September 11, 1826 Enoch Lincoln (DR) James W. Ripley (J) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 2 19 October 10, 1826
December 4, 1826
Joseph Hemphill (J) Thomas Kittera (A) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 7 19 October 10, 1826
December 4, 1826
Henry Wilson (J) Jacob Krebs (J) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 13 19 October 10, 1826
December 4, 1826
Alexander Thomson (J) Chauncey Forward (J) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maine 1 20 September 10, 1827 William Burleigh (NR) Rufus McIntire (J) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia 1 20 October 1, 1827 Edward Fenwick Tattnall[11] (J) George Rockingham Gilmer (J) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia 2 20 October 1, 1827 John Forsyth (J) Richard Henry Wilde (J) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Delaware At-large 20 October 2, 1827 Louis McLane (F) Kensey Johns, Jr. (F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 2 20 October 9, 1827
December 3, 1827
None[12] John Sergeant (A) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maine 4 21 July 20, 1829 Peleg Sprague (NR) George Evans (NR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 8
Two seats
21 October 13, 1829
December 7, 1829
Samuel D. Ingham (J)
George Wolf (J)
Peter Ihrie, Jr. (J)
Samuel A. Smith (J)
Wolf was elected Governor of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania 16 21 December 15, 1829
December 30, 1829
William Wilkins (AM) Harmar Denny (AM) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maine 5 21 December 6, 1830 James W. Ripley (J) Cornelius Holland (J) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Vermont 2 22 November 1, 1831 Rollin Carolas Mallary (NR) William Slade (Anti-Masonic) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 11 22 November 22, 1831
December 5, 1831
William Ramsey (J) Robert McCoy (J) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Vermont 1 22 January 1, 1833 Jonathan Hunt (NR) Hiland Hall (NR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 1 23 October 8, 1833
December 2, 1833
Joel B. Sutherland (J) Joel B. Sutherland (J)[13] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Vermont 5 23 November 10, 1834 Benjamin F. Deming (Anti-Masonic) Henry Fisk Janes (Anti-Masonic) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 24 24 October 11, 1836
December 5, 1836
John Banks (AM) John J. Pearson (NR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 13 24 November 4, 1836
December 5, 1836
Jesse Miller (J) James Black (J) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 3 25 June 29, 1837
September 4, 1837
Francis J. Harper (D) Charles Naylor (W) Harper died on March 18, 1837
Pennsylvania 9 25 March 8, 1838
March 17, 1838
Henry A. P. Muhlenberg (D) George M. Keim (D) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maine 3 25 April 28, 1838 Jonathan Cilley (D) Edward Robinson (W) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maine 5 25 May 29, 1838 Timothy J. Carter (D) Virgil D. Parris (D) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 14 26 November 20, 1839
December 2, 1839
William W. Potter (D) George McCulloch (D) Potter died on October 28, 1839
Pennsylvania 22 26 October 13, 1840
December 10, 1840
Richard Biddle (AM) Henry M. Brackenridge (W) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 13 26 November 20, 1840
December 7, 1840
William S. Ramsey (D) Charles McClure (D) Ramsey died October 17, 1840
Pennsylvania 13 27 May 8, 1841
May 31, 1841
William S. Ramsey (D) Amos Gustine (D) Ramsey died October 17, 1840
Maine 4 27 May 31, 1841 George Evans (W) David Bronson (W) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia 3 29 January 5, 1846 None[14] George W. Towns (D) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Vermont 3 31 November 7, 1849 George Perkins Marsh (W) James Meacham (W) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia 1 31 February 4, 1850 Thomas Butler King (W) Joseph Webber Jackson (D) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts 1 31 August 22, 1850 Robert C. Winthrop (W) Samuel A. Eliot (W) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Hampshire 3 31 October 8, 1850 James Wilson II (W) George W. Morrison (D) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maine 4 32 June 25, 1852 Charles Andrews (D) Isaac Reed (W) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts 1 33 April 17, 1854 Zeno Scudder (W) Thomas D. Eliot (W) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Vermont 1 34 January 3, 1856 James Meacham (O) George Tisdale Hodges (R) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maine 5 36 November 6, 1860 Israel Washburn, Jr. (R) Stephen Coburn (R) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maine 2 37 December 1, 1862 Charles W. Walton (R) Thomas Fessenden (R) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Delaware At-large 38 November 19, 1863 William Temple (D) Nathaniel B. Smithers (R) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Massachusetts 7 41 November 2, 1869 George S. Boutwell (R) George M. Brooks (R) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
North Carolina 4 41 August 4, 1870 John T. Deweese (R) Robert B. Gilliam (D) [15] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
North Carolina 4 41 November 26, 1870 John T. Deweese (R) John Manning, Jr. (D) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
South Carolina 1 41 December 12, 1870 Benjamin F. Whittemore (R) Joseph Rainey (R) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia 4 41 December 22, 1870 Samuel F. Gove (R) Jefferson F. Long (R) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia 4 42 October 29, 1872 Thomas J. Speer (R) Erasmus W. Beck (D) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia 8 43 December 1, 1873 None[16] Alexander H. Stephens (D) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Oregon At-large 43 December 1, 1873 Joseph G. Wilson (R) James W. Nesmith (D) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia 9 44 May 5, 1875 None[17] Benjamin Harvey Hill (D) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maine 4 44 September 13, 1875 Samuel F. Hersey (R) Harris M. Plaisted (R) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Oregon At-large 44 December 6, 1875 None[18] Lafayette Lane (D) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maine 3 44 December 4, 1876 James G. Blaine (R) Edwin Flye (R) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia 9 45 April 13, 1877 Benjamin Harvey Hill (D) Hiram Parks Bell (D) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Nebraska At-large 45 November 5, 1878 Frank Welch (R) Thomas Jefferson Majors (R) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia 1 46 February 10, 1879 Julian Hartridge (D) William Bennett Fleming (D) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New Hampshire 3 46 January 8, 1881 Evarts Worcester Farr (R) Ossian Ray (R) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Maine 2 47 September 12, 1881 William P. Frye (R) Nelson Dingley, Jr. (R) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Rhode Island 1 47 November 22, 1881 Nelson W. Aldrich (R) Henry J. Spooner (R) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Georgia 8 47 November 8, 1882 Alexander H. Stephens (D) Seaborn Reese (D) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Utah Territory At-large 47 November 8, 1882 George Q. Cannon (R) John Thomas Caine (D) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
West Virginia 3 48 May 15, 1883 John E. Kenna (D) Charles P. Snyder (D) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Rhode Island 2 48 February 5, 1885 Jonathan Chace (R) Nathan F. Dixon III (R) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Rhode Island 2 49 February 21, 1887 None[19] Charles H. Page (D) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Nebraska 2 50 November 5, 1889 James Laird (R) Gilbert L. Laws (R) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
South Dakota At-large 52 November 3, 1891 John Rankin Gamble (R) John L. Jolley (R) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
California 3 52 November 8, 1892 Joseph McKenna (R) Samuel G. Hilborn (R) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Rhode Island 2 53 April 5, 1893 None[20] Charles H. Page (D) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 8 53 June 23, 1893 William Mutchler (D) Howard Mutchler (D) Died June 23, 1893
Ohio 10 53 July 13, 1893 William H. Enochs (R) Hezekiah S. Bundy (R) Died July 13, 1893
Michigan 1 53 August 17, 1893 J. Logan Chipman (D) Levi T. Griffin (D) Died August 17, 1893
Wisconsin 4 53 August 27, 1893 Vacant Peter J. Somers (D) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania At-Large 53 December 1, 1893 William Lilly (R) Galusha A. Grow (R) Died December 1, 1893
New York 15 53 December 26, 1893 Ashbel P. Fitch (D) Isidor Straus (D) Resigned having been elected Comptroller of New York
Pennsylvania 15 53 November 13, 1894 Myron B. Wright (R) Edwin J. Jorden (R) Died November 13, 1894
Pennsylvania 2 53 November 25, 1893 Charles O'Neill (R) Robert Adams, Jr. (R) Died November 25, 1893
New York 14 53 December 31, 1893 John R. Fellows (D) Lemuel E. Quigg (R) Resigned having been elected New York County D. A.
Ohio 3 53 February 9, 1894 George W. Houk (D) Paul J. Sorg (D) Died February 9, 1894
South Carolina 1 53 February 12, 1894 William H. Brawley (D) James F. Izlar (D) Resigned having been appointed to the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina
Louisiana 4 53 March 12, 1894 Newton C. Blanchard (D) Henry W. Ogden (D) Resigned having been elected to the U. S. Senate
Missouri 11 53 April 3, 1894 Charles F. Joy (R) John J. O'Neill (D) Lost contested election
California 3 53 April 4, 1894 Samuel G. Hilborn (R) Warren B. English (D) Lost contested election
Ohio 2 53 May 4, 1894 John A. Caldwell (R) Jacob H. Bromwell (R) Resigned having been elected Mayor of Cincinnati
Maryland 1 53 May 10, 1894 Robert F. Bratton (D) W. Laird Henry (D) Death
Maryland 5 53 May 15, 1894 Barnes Compton (D) Charles E. Coffin (R) Resigned
Kentucky 10 53 July 7, 1894 Marcus C. Lisle (D) William M. Beckner (D) Died July 7, 1894
Kansas 2 53 August 2, 1894 Edward H. Funston (R) Horace L. Moore (D) Lost contested election
Wisconsin 7 53 August 27, 1894 George B. Shaw (R) Michael Griffin (R) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Arkansas 2 53 November 1, 1894 Clifton R. Breckinridge (D) John S. Little (D) Resigned to become Minister to Russia
Alabama 3 53 November 30, 1894 William C. Oates (D) George P. Harrison (D) Resigned to become 29th Governor of Alabama
Virginia 7 53 December 31, 1893 Charles T. O'Ferrall (D) Smith S. Turner (D) Resigned having been elected Governor of Virginia
Kentucky 9 53 January 5, 1895 Thomas H. Paynter (D) Vacant Resigned having been elected to the Kentucky Court of Appeals
Illinois 10 53 January 6, 1895 Philip S. Post (R) Vacant Died January 6, 1895
Michigan 3 53 January 13, 1895 Julius C. Burrows (R) Vacant Resigned having been elected to the U. S. Senate
Georgia 10 54 October 2, 1895 James C. C. Black (D) James C. C. Black[21] (D) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pennsylvania 15 54 March 4, 1895 Edwin J. Jordan (R) James H. Codding (R) Resigned March 4, 1895
Massachusetts 6 54 November 5, 1895 William Cogswell (R) William Henry Moody (R) Died May 22, 1895
Illinois 18 54 December 2, 1895 Frederick Remann (R) William F. L. Hadley (R) Died July 14, 1895
New York 10 54 November 5, 1895 Amos J. Cummings (D) Vacant [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Illinois 10 54 December 2, 1895 Vacant George W. Prince (R) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Michigan 3 54 December 2, 1895 Vacant Alfred Milnes (R) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Illinois 3 54 December 27, 1895 Lawrence E. McGann (D) Hugh R. Belknap (R) Lost contested election
Texas 11 54 April 7, 1896 William H. Crain (D) Rudolph Kleberg (D) Died February 10, 1896
Missouri 5 54 February 27, 1896 John C. Tarsney (D) Robert T. Van Horn (R) Lost contested election
Alabama 4 54 March 12, 1896 Gaston A. Robbins (D) William F. Aldrich (R) Lost contested election
Louisiana 5 54 March 20, 1896 Charles J. Boatner (D) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Virginia 5 54 May 2, 1896 William R. McKenney (D) Robert T. Thorp (R) Lost contested election
Alabama 5 54 April 21, 1896 James E. Cobb (D) Albert T. Goodwyn (P) Lost contested election
South Carolina 7 54 June 1, 1896 J. William Stokes (D) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
New York 8 54 June 2, 1896 James J. Walsh (D) John M. Mitchell (R) Lost contested election
South Carolina 1 54 June 4, 1896 William Elliott (D) George W. Murray (R) Lost contested election
Illinois 16 54 June 5, 1896 Finis E. Downing (D) John I. Rinaker (R) Lost contested election
North Carolina 6 54 June 5, 1896 James A. Lockhart (D) Charles H. Martin (P) Lost contested election
Alabama 9 54 June 9, 1896 Oscar W. Underwood (D) Truman H. Aldrich (R) Lost contested election
Georgia 3 54 December 19, 1896 Charles Frederick Crisp (D) Charles R. Crisp (D) Died October 23, 1896
New York 19 54 January 7, 1897 Frank S. Black (R) Vacant [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Kentucky 10 54 February 18, 1897 Joseph M. Kendall (D) Nathan T. Hopkins (R) Lost contested election
Pennsylvania 25 55 April 20, 1897 John J. Davidson (R) Joseph B. Showalter (R) Died
Maine 3 55 June 21, 1897 Seth L. Milliken (R) Edwin C. Burleigh (R) Died April 18, 1897
Indiana 4 55 December 6, 1897 William S. Holman (D) Francis M. Griffith (D) Died April 22, 1896
South Carolina 6 55 December 6, 1897 John L. McLaurin (D) James Norton (D) Resigned having been elected to the U. S. Senate
Missouri 1 55 June 1, 1897 Vacant James T. Lloyd (D) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Illinois 6 55 November 23, 1897 Edward D. Cooke (R) Henry S. Boutell (R) Died June 24, 1897
Massachusetts 1 55 November 2, 1897 Ashley B. Wright (R) George P. Lawrence (R) Died August 14, 1897
New York 3 55 December 5, 1897 Francis H. Wilson (R) Edmund H. Driggs (D) Resigned having been appointed Postmaster of Broooklyn, New York
Alabama 4 55 February 9, 1898 Thomas S. Plowman (D) William F. Aldrich (R) Lost contested election
Pennsylvania 23 55 November 29, 1898 William A. Stone (R) William H. Graham (R) Resigned having been elected Governor of Pennsylvania
Virginia 4 55 March 23, 1898 Sydney P. Epes (D) Robert T. Thorp (R) Lost contested election
Massachusetts 13 55 May 31, 1898 John Simpkins (R) William S. Greene (R) Died March 27, 1898
Virginia 2 55 April 26, 1898 William A. Young (D) Richard A. Wise (R) Lost contested election
Mississippi 2 55 July 5, 1898 William V. Sullivan (D) Thomas Spight (D) Resigned having been elected to the U. S. Senate
Ohio 19 55 November 8, 1898 Stephen A. Northway (R) Charles F. W. Dick (DR) Died September 8, 1898
Mississippi 6 55 December 12, 1898 William F. Love (D) Frank A. McLain (D) Died October 16, 1898
New York 34 55 November 10, 1898 Warren B. Hooker (R) Vacant Resigned having been appointed a justice of the New York Supreme Court
Tennessee 4 55 January 6, 1899 Benton McMillin (D) Vacant Resigned having been elected Governor of Tennessee
New Jersey 4 55 January 10, 1899 Mahlon Pitney (R) Vacant Resigned having been elected to the New Jersey State Senate
New York 2 55 February 26, 1899 Denis J. Hurley (R) Redistricted to New York 7 prior to next election. Death
Maine 2 56 June 19, 1899 Nelson Dingley, Jr. (R) Charles E. Littlefield (R) Death
Maine 1 56 November 6, 1899 Thomas Brackett Reed (R) Amos L. Allen (R) Resigned due to intra-party feud that saw him at odds with the foreign policy of President McKinley.
Nebraska 6 56 November 7, 1899 William Laury Greene (Pop) William Neville (Pop) Death
Utah At-large 56 April 25, 1900 None[22] William H. King (D) Disputed election.
California 2 56 November 6, 1900 Marion De Vries (D) Samuel D. Woods (R) Resigned upon appointment to the Board of General Appraisers.
Delaware At-large 56 November 6, 1900 John H. Hoffecker (R) Walter O. Hoffecker (R) Death
Maine 4 57 April 8, 1901 Charles A. Boutelle (R) Llewellyn Powers (R) Death (pneumonia)
Oregon 1 58 June 1, 1903 Thomas H. Tongue Binger Hermann (R) Death
California 3 58 November 8, 1904 Victor H. Metcalf (R) Joseph R. Knowland (R) Resigned upon appointment as United States Secretary of Commerce and Labor.
West Virginia 2 59 June 6, 1905 Alston G. Dayton (R) Thomas Beall Davis (D) Resigned upon appointment as a judge for the United States District Court for the Northern District of West Virginia.
Nebraska 1 59 July 18, 1905 Elmer Burkett (R) Ernest M. Pollard (R) Resigned upon appointment as United States Senator from Nebraska.
Georgia 1 59 November 6, 1906 Rufus E. Lester (D) James W. Overstreet (D) Death
California 1 59 November 6, 1906 James Gillett (R) William F. Englebright (R) Resigned upon election as Governor of California.
Maine 2 60 November 3, 1908 Charles E. Littlefield (R) John P. Swasey (R) Resigned to open a corporate law firm.
Maine 4 60 November 3, 1908 Llewellyn Powers (R) Frank E. Guernsey (R) Death
South Dakota At-large 60 November 3, 1908 William H. Parker (R) Eben Martin (R) Death
Georgia 2 61 February 6, 1910 James M. Griggs (D) Seaborn Roddenbery (D) Death
Nebraska 3 62 November 7, 1911 James P. Latta (D) Dan V. Stephens (D) Death
Vermont 1 62 July 30, 1912 David J. Foster (R) Frank L. Greene (R) Death
Maine 3 63 September 9, 1913 Forrest Goodwin (R) John A. Peters (R) Death
West Virginia 1 63 October 14, 1913 John W. Davis (D) Matthew M. Neely (D) Resigned upon appointment as United States Solicitor General.
Georgia 2 63 November 4, 1913 Seaborn Roddenbery (D) Frank Park (D) Death (throat cancer)
Georgia 10 63 November 3, 1914 Thomas W. Hardwick (D) Carl Vinson (D) Resigned upon election as United States Senator from Georgia.
West Virginia 2 64 May 9, 1916 William Gay Brown, Jr. (D) George Meade Bowers (R) Death
California 10 64 November 7, 1916 William Stephens (R) Henry S. Benedict (R) Resigned upon appointment as Lieutenant Governor of California.
West Virginia 4 64 November 7, 1916 Hunter Holmes Moss, Jr. (R) Harry C. Woodyard (R) Death
Georgia 8 64 January 11, 1917 Samuel Joelah Tribble (D) Tinsley W. Rucker, Jr. (D) Death
New Hampshire 1 65 May 29, 1917 Cyrus A. Sulloway (R) Sherman Everett Burroughs (R) Death
North Dakota 1 65 July 10, 1917 Henry Thomas Helgesen (R) John Miller Baer (R) Death
Georgia 4 65 January 16, 1918 William C. Adamson (D) William C. Wright (D) Resigned upon appointment to the Board of General Appraisers.
Alaska Territory At-large 66 June 5, 1919 Disputed[23] George Barnes Grigsby (D) Death during electoral recount.
California 9 67 February 15, 1921 Charles F. Van de Water (R) Walter F. Lineberger (R) Death (automobile accident)
Maine 3 67 March 20, 1922 John A. Peters (R) John E. Nelson (R) Resigned upon appointment as a judge for the United States District Court for the District of Maine.
Hawaii Territory At-large 67 March 25, 1922 Jonah Kūhiō Kalaniana'ole (R) Henry Alexander Baldwin (R) Death
California 6 67 November 7, 1922 John A. Elston (R) James H. MacLafferty (R) Death (suicide)
Nebraska 1 67 November 7, 1922 C. Frank Reavis (R) Roy H. Thorpe (R) Resigned upon appointment as Assistant Attorney General.
Nebraska 6 67 November 7, 1922 Moses Kinkaid (R) Augustin Reed Humphrey (R) Death
California 1 68 January 23, 1923 John I. Nolan (R) Mae Nolan (R) Death
California 10 68 May 1, 1923 Henry Z. Osborne (R) John D. Fredericks (R) Death
Vermont 2 68 November 6, 1923 Porter H. Dale (R) Ernest Willard Gibson (R) Resigned upon election as United States Senator from Vermont
North Dakota 2 68 November 4, 1924 George M. Young (R) Thomas Hall (R) Resigned upon appointment to the Board of General Appraisers.
California 2 69 August 31, 1926 John Raker (D) Harry Englebright (R) Death
California 5 69 August 31, 1926 Lawrence Flaherty (R) Richard Welch (R) Death
Oregon 3 70 October 18, 1927 Maurice Crumpacker (R) Franklin Korell (R) Death (drowning)
Oregon 2 70 November 6, 1928 Nicholas Sinnott (R) Robert Butler (R) Resigned upon appointment as a judge for the United States Court of Claims.
Georgia 5 71 October 2, 1929 Leslie Steele (D) Robert Ramspeck (D) Death
Rhode Island 3 71 November 4, 1930 Jeremiah O'Connell (D) Francis Condon (D) Resigned upon appointment as a judge for the Rhode Island Superior Court.
Utah 2 71 November 4, 1930 Elmer Leatherwood (R) Frederick Loofbourow (R) Death
West Virginia 4 71 November 4, 1930 James Hughes (R) Robert Hogg (R) Death
Georgia 1 72 September 9, 1931 Charles Edwards (D) Homer Parker (D) Death (heart attack)
New Hampshire 1 72 January 5, 1932 Fletcher Hale (R) William Rogers (D) Death
Georgia 6 72 March 2, 1932 Samuel Rutherford (D) Carlton Mobley (D) Death (heart attack)
Georgia 3 72 November 8, 1932 Charles Crisp (D) Bryant Castellow (D) Resigned upon appointment to the United States Tariff Commission
Georgia 10 73 July 5, 1933 Charles Brand (D) Paul Brown (D) Death
Arizona At-large 73 October 3, 1933 Lewis Douglas (D) Isabella Greenway (D) Resigned upon appointment as director of the Bureau of the Budget.
West Virginia 3 73 November 28, 1933 Lynn Hornor (D) Andrew Edmiston (D) Death
Vermont At-large 73 January 16, 1934 Ernest Gibson (R) Charles Plumley (R) Resigned upon appointment as United States Senator from Vermont.
Louisiana 6 73 May 1, 1934 Bolivar Kemp (D) Jared Sanders (D) Death (heart attack)
Rhode Island 1 74 August 6, 1935 Francis Condon (D) Charles Risk (R) Resigned upon appointment as a judge for the Rhode Island Supreme Court.
California 5 75 May 4, 1937 Henry Stubbs (D) Alfred Elliott (D) Death
Ohio 4 75 November 8, 1938 Frank Kloeb (D) Walter Albaugh (R) Resigned upon appointment as a judge for the United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio.
Georgia 4 76 August 1, 1939 Emmett Owen (D) Albert Camp (D) Death
Nebraska 1 76 April 19, 1940 George Heinke (R) John Sweet (R) Death (automobile accident)
Maine 2 76 June 3, 1940 Clyde Smith (R) Margaret Chase Smith (R) Death
Georgia 8 76 October 1, 1940 Benjamin Gibbs (D) Florence Reville Gibbs (D) Death
Mississippi 2 77 November, 1941 Wall Doxey (D) Jamie Whitten (D) Resigned upon election to as United States Senator from Mississippi.
California 17 77 August 25, 1942 Lee Guyer (D) Cecil King (D) Death
California 2 78 August 31, 1943 Harry Englebright (R) Clair Engle (D) Death
Pennsylvania 2 78 January 18, 1944 James McGranery (D) Joseph Pratt (R) Resigned upon appointment as Assistant Attorney General.
New York 11 78 June 6, 1944 James O'Leary (D) Ellsworth Buck (R) Death
Montana 2 79 June 5, 1945 James O'Connor (D) Wesley D'Ewart (R) Death
Oregon 1 79 January 18, 1946 James Mott (R) Walter Norblad (R) Death
Georgia 5 79 February 12, 1946 Robert Ramspeck (D) Helen Douglas Mankin (D) Resigned after being hired as vice president of Eastern Airlines.
Ohio 4 80 November 4, 1947 Robert Jones (R) William McCulloch (R) Resigned upon appointment to the Federal Communications Commission.
California 5 81 November 8, 1949 Richard Welch (R) Jack Shelley (D) Death
West Virginia 5 82 July 17, 1951 John Kee (D) Elizabeth Kee (D) Death
Maine 3 82 October 22, 1951 Frank Fellows (R) Clifford McIntire (R) Death
Ohio 3 82 November 6, 1951 Ed Breen (D) Paul Schenck (R) Resigned due to ill health
Nebraska 3 82 December 4, 1951 Karl Stefan (R) Bob Harrison (R) Death
Georgia 2 83 February 4, 1953 Eugene Cox (D) J. L. Pilcher (D) Death
California 24 83 November 10, 1953 Norris Poulson (R) Glen Lipscomb (R) Resigned upon election as Mayor of Los Angeles
Hawaii Territory At-large 83 July 31, 1954 Joe Farrington (R) Elizabeth Farrington (R) Death
Georgia 4 83 November 2, 1954 Albert Camp (D) John Flynt (D) Death
Michigan 15 84 December 13, 1955 John D. Dingell, Sr. (D) John D. Dingell, Jr. (D) Death
New Mexico At-Large 85 April 9, 1957 Antonio Fernández (D) Joseph Montoya (D) Death
Georgia 7 85 January 8, 1958 Henderson Lanham (D) Harlan Mitchell (D) Death (automobile accident)
Pennsylvania 21 85 January 21, 1958 Augustine Kelley (D) John H. Dent (D) Death
Pennsylvania 2 85 May 20, 1958 Earl Chudoff (D) Robert Nix (D) Resigned upon election as a judge for the Philadelphia Court of Common Pleas.
Arizona 2 87 May 2, 1961 Stewart Udall (D) Mo Udall (D) Resigned upon appointment as United States Secretary of the Interior.
Louisiana 4 87 December 1961 Overton Brooks (D) Joe Waggonner (D) Death (heart attack)
Texas 4 87 January 30, 1962 Sam Rayburn (D) Ray Roberts (D) Death (pancreatic cancer)
California 1 88 January 22, 1963 Clement Miller Don Clausen (R) Death (plane crash)
California 23 88 June 11, 1963 Clyde Doyle (D) Del Clawson (R) Death
North Dakota 1 88 October 22, 1963 Hjalmar Carl Nygaard (R) Mark Andrews (R) Death (heart attack)
California 37 88 February 18, 1964 Jack Shelley (D) Phillip Burton (D) Resigned upon election as Mayor of San Francisco.
Oregon 1 88 November 3, 1964 Walter Norblad (R) Wendell Wyatt (R) Death
Louisiana 7 89 October 2, 1965[24] Ashton Thompson (D) Edwin Edwards (D) Death
California 26 89 December 15, 1965 James Roosevelt (D) Tom Rees (D) Resigned to unsuccessfully run for Mayor of Los Angeles
California 14 89 June 7, 1966 John Baldwin (R) Jerry Waldie (D) Death
Rhode Island 2 90 March 28, 1967 John Fogarty (D) Robert Tiernan (D) Death
California 11 90 December 12, 1967 Arthur Younger (R) Pete McCloskey (R) Death (leukemia)
New York 13 90 February 20, 1968 Abraham Multer (D) Bert Podell (D) Resigned upon appointment as a judge for the New York Supreme Court.
Mississippi 3 90 March 12, 1968 John Williams (D) Charles Griffin (D) Resigned upon election as Governor of Mississippi.
Texas 3 90 August 24, 1968 Joe Pool (D) Jim Collins (R) Death
Pennsylvania 20 90 November 5, 1968 Elmer Holland (D) Joe Gaydos (D) Death
Tennessee 8 91 March 25, 1969 Fats Everett (D) Ed Jones (D) Death
Wisconsin 7 91 April 1, 1969 Melvin Laird (R) Dave Obey (D) Resigned upon appointment as United States Secretary of Defense.
California 27 91 April 29, 1969 Ed Reinecke (R) Barry Goldwater, Jr. (R) Resigned upon election as Lieutenant Governor of California.
Montana 2 91 June 24, 1969 James Battin (R) John Melcher (D) Resigned upon appointment as judge for the United States District Court for the District of Montana.
Massachusetts 6 91 September 30, 1969 Bill Bates (R) Mike Harrington (D) Death
New Jersey 8 91 November 4, 1969 Charles Joelson (D) Bob Roe (D) Resigned upon appointment as a judge for the New Jersey Superior Court.
Illinois 13 91 November 25, 1969 Donald Rumsfeld (R) Phil Crane (R) Resigned upon appointment as director of the Office of Economic Opportunity.
California 15 91 June 30, 1970 Jim Utt (R) John Schmitz (R) Death
California 24 91 June 30, 1970 Glen Lipscomb (R) John Rousselot (R) Death (colon cancer)
Connecticut 2 91 November 3, 1970 Bill St. Onge (D) Robert Steele (R) Death
New Jersey 6 91 November 3, 1970 Bill Cahill (R) Edwin Forsythe (R) Resigned upon election as Governor of New Jersey.
Ohio 19 91 November 3, 1970 Mike Kirwan (D) Charles Carney (D) Death
Pennsylvania 9 91 November 3, 1970 Robert Watkins (R) John Ware (R) Death (heart attack)
Illinois 6 91 December 3, 1970 Dan Ronan (D) George Collins (D) Death
South Carolina 1 92 April 27, 1971 Mendel Rivers (D) Mendel Davis (D) Death
Maryland 1 92 May 25, 1971 Rogers Morton (R) Bill Mills (R) Resigned upon appointment as United States Secretary of the Interior.
Pennsylvania 18 92 November 2, 1971 Bob Corbett (R) John Heinz (R) Death
Kentucky 6 92 December 4, 1971 John Watts (D) Bill Curlin (D) Death
Vermont At-large 92 January 7, 1972 Robert Stafford (R) Richard Mallary (R) Resigned upon appointment as U.S. Senator from Vermont.
Alabama 3 92 April 4, 1972 George Andrews (D) Elizabeth Andrews (D) Death
Illinois 15 92 April 4, 1972 Charlotte Reid (R) Cliffard Carlson (R) Resigned upon appointment to the Federal Communications Commission.
Pennsylvania 27 92 April 25, 1972 Jim Fulton (R) Bill Conover (R) Death (heart attack)
Louisiana 7 92 September 30, 1972 Edwin Edwards (D) John Breaux (D) Resigned upon election as Governor of Louisiana.
Virginia 6 92 November 7, 1972 Richard Poff (R) Caldwell Butler (R) Resigned upon appointment to the Supreme Court of Virginia.
Alaska At-large 93 March 6, 1973 Nick Begich (D) Don Young (R) Death (plane crash)
Louisiana 2 93 March 20, 1973 Hale Boggs (D) Lindy Boggs (D) Death (plane crash)
Illinois 7 93 June 5, 1973 George Collins (D) Cardiss Collins (D) Death (plane crash)
Maryland 1 93 August 21, 1973 Bill Mills (R) Bob Bauman (R) Death (suicide)
Pennsylvania 12 93 February 5, 1974 John Saylor (R) John Murtha (D) Death (complications from surgery)
Michigan 5 93 February 18, 1974 Gerald Ford (R) Richard VanderVeen (D) Resigned upon his appointment as Vice President of the United States.
California 13 93 June 4, 1974 Charles Teague (R) Bob Lagomarsino (R) Death
Ohio 1 93 March 5, 1974 Bill Keating (R) Tom Luken (D) Resigned to take a position as president of The Cincinnati Enquirer.
Michigan 8 93 April 16, 1974 James Harvey (R) Bob Traxler (D) Resigned upon appointment as a judge for the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan.
California 6 93 June 4, 1974 Bill Mailliard (R) John Burton (D) Death (heart attack)
California 37 94 April 29, 1975 Jerry Pettis (R) Shirley Pettis (R) Death (plane crash)
Illinois 5 94 July 8, 1975 John Kluczynski (D) John Fary (D) Death
Tennessee 5 94 November 25, 1975 Dick Fulton (D) Clifford Allen (D) Resigned upon election as Mayor of Nashville.
New York 39 94 March 2, 1976 Jim Hastings (R) Stan Lundine (D) Resigned upon conviction of bribery and mail fraud.
Texas 22 94 April 3, 1976 Bob Casey (D) Ron Paul (R) Resigned upon appointment to the Federal Maritime Commission.
Texas 1 94 June 19, 1976 Wright Patman (D) Sam Hall (D) Death
Massachusetts 7 94 November 2, 1976 Torbert MacDonald (D) Ed Markey (D) Death
Missouri 6 94 November 2, 1976 Jerry Litton (D) Earl Coleman (R) Death (plane crash)
Pennsylvania 1 94 November 2, 1976 Bill Barrett (D) Ozzie Myers (D) Death
Minnesota 7 95 February 22, 1977 Bob Bergland (DFL) Arlan Stangeland (R) Resigned upon appointment as U.S. Secretary of Agriculture.
Georgia 5 95 April 6, 1977 Andrew Young (D) Wyche Fowler (D) Resigned upon appointment as United States Ambassador to the United Nations.
Washington 7 95 May 17, 1977 Brock Adams (D) John Cunningham (R) Resigned upon appointment as U.S. Secretary of Transportation.
Louisiana 1 95 August 27, 1977 Rick Tonry (D) Bob Livingston (R) Resigned upon conviction of taking illegal campaign contributions.
New York 18 95 February 14, 1978 Ed Koch (D) Bill Green (R) Resigned upon election as Mayor of New York City.
New York 21 95 February 14, 1978 Herman Badillo (D) Robert Garcia (D) Resigned upon appointment as deputy mayor of New York City.
California 11 96 April 3, 1979 Leo Ryan (D) Bill Royer (R) Death (assassinated in the Jonestown massacre).
Illinois 10 96 January 22, 1980 Abner Mikva (D) John Porter (R) Resigned upon appointment as judge for the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.
West Virginia 3 96 April 9, 1980 John Slack (D) John Hutchinson (D) Death (heart attack)
Pennsylvania 11 96 April 9, 1980 Dan Flood (D) Raphael Musto (D) Resigned after being investigated for bribery.
Louisiana 3 96 May 17, 1980 Dave Treen (R) Billy Tauzin (D) Resigned upon election as Governor of Louisiana.
Michigan 13 96 November 4, 1980 Charles Diggs (D) George Crockett (D) Resigned after being convicted of mail fraud.
Michigan 4 97 April 21, 1981 David Stockman (R) Mark Siljander (R) Resigned upon appointment as director of the Office of Management and Budget.
Maryland 5 97 May 19, 1981 Gladys Spellman (D) Steny Hoyer (D) Fell into a permanent coma, resulting in the seat being declared vacant.
Ohio 4 97 June 25, 1981 Tennyson Guyer (R) Mike Oxley (R) Death (heart attack)
Mississippi 4 97 July 7, 1981 Jon Hinson (R) Wayne Dowdy (D) Resigned after being charged with sodomy for participating in consensual gay sex.
Pennsylvania 3 97 July 21, 1981 Ray Lederer (D) Joe Smith (D) Resigned upon indictment for his role in the Abscam sting.
Connecticut 1 97 January 12, 1982 Bill Cotter (D) Barbara Kennelly (D) Death (cancer)
Ohio 17 97 June 29, 1982 John Ashbrook (R) Jean Ashbrook (R) Death (brain hemorrhage)
California 30 97 July 13, 1982 George Danielson (D) Marty Martinez (D) Resigned upon appointment as a judge for the Fourth District of the California Courts of Appeal
Indiana 1 97 November 2, 1982 Adam Benjamin (D) Katie Hall (D) Death (heart attack)
Texas 6 98 February 12, 1983 Phil Gramm (D) Phil Gramm (R) Resigned upon leaving the Democratic Party and won reelection as a Republican.
New York 7 98 March 1, 1983 Ben Rosenthal (D) Gary Ackerman (D) Death (cancer)
Colorado 6 98 March 29, 1983 None[25] Dan Schaefer (R) Death (cancer)
California 5 98 June 21, 1983 Phillip Burton (D) Sala Burton (D) Death (aneurysm)
Illinois 1 98 August 23, 1983 Harold Washington (D) Charles Hayes (D) Resigned upon election as Mayor of Chicago.
Georgia 7 98 November 8, 1983 Larry McDonald (D) Buddy Darden (D) Death (plane crash)
Wisconsin 4 98 April 3, 1984 Clement Zablocki (D) Jerry Kleczka (D) Death (heart attack)
Kentucky 7 98 November 6, 1984 Carl Perkins (D) Chris Perkins (D) Death (heart attack)
New Jersey 13 98 November 6, 1984 Edwin Forsythe (R) Jim Saxton (R) Death (lung cancer)
Louisiana 8 99 March 30, 1985 Gillis Long (D) Catherine Small Long (D) Death (heart attack)
Texas 1 99 September 4, 1985 Sam Hall (D) Jim Chapman (D) Resigned upon appointment as a judge for the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas.
New York 6 99 July 10, 1986 Joe Addabbo (D) Alton Waldon (D) Death (cancer)
Hawaii 1 99 September 20, 1986 Cec Heftel (D) Neil Abercrombie (D) Resigned to unsuccessfully run for Governor of Hawaii.
North Carolina 10 99 November 4, 1986 Jim Broyhill (R) Cass Ballenger (R) Resigned upon appointment as U.S. Senator from North Carolina.
California 5 100 June 2, 1987 Sala Burton (D) Nancy Pelosi (D) Death (colon cancer)
Connecticut 4 100 August 18, 1987 Stewart McKinney (R) Chris Shays (R) Death (AIDS)
Louisiana 4 100 April 16, 1988 Buddy Roemer (D) Jim McCrery (R) Resigned upon election as Governor of Louisiana.
Tennessee 5 100 January 19, 1988 Bill Boner (D) Bob Clement (D) Resigned upon election as Mayor of Nashville.
Virginia 5 100 June 14, 1988 Dan Daniel (D) Lewis Payne (D) Death (heart attack)
Illinois 21 100 August 9, 1988 Melvin Price (D) Jerry Costello (D) Death (cancer)
New Jersey 3 100 November 8, 1988 James Howard (D) Frank Pallone (D) Death (heart attack)
Tennessee 2 100 November 8, 1988 John Duncan (R) Jimmy Duncan (R) Death (prostate cancer)
Indiana 4 101 March 28, 1989 Dan Coats (R) Jill Long (D) Resigned upon election as U.S. Senator from Indiana
Alabama 3 101 April 4, 1989 Bill Nichols (D) Glen Browder (D) Death (heart attack)
Wyoming At-large 101 April 26, 1989 Dick Cheney (R) Craig Thomas (R) Resigned upon appointment as United States Secretary of Defense.
Florida 18 101 August 29, 1989 Claude Pepper (D) Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R) Death (stomach cancer)
California 15 101 September 12, 1989 Tony Coelho (D) Gary Condit (D) Resigned due to an investigation on his involvement in the savings and loan crisis.
Texas 12 101 September 12, 1989 Jim Wright (D) Pete Geren (D) Resigned due to an investigation on his involvement in the savings and loan crisis.
Mississippi 5 101 October 17, 1989 Larkin Smith (R) Gene Taylor (D) Death (plane crash)
Texas 18 101 December 9, 1989 Mickey Leland (D) Craig Washington (D) Death (plane crash)
New York 14 101 March 20, 1990 Guy Molinari (R) Susan Molinari (R) Resigned upon election as Borough President of Staten Island.
New York 18 101 March 20, 1990 Robert Garcia (D) Jose Serrano (D) Resigned upon his indictment for involvement in the Wedtech scandal.
Hawaii 2 101 September 22, 1990 Daniel Akaka (D) Patsy Mink (D) Resigned upon appointment as U.S. Senator from Hawaii.
New Jersey 1 101 November 6, 1990 Jim Florio (D) Rob Andrews (D) Resigned upon election as Governor of New Jersey.
Texas 3 102 May 18, 1991 Steve Bartlett (R) Sam Johnson (R) Resigned upon election as Mayor of Dallas.
Massachusetts 1 102 June 4, 1991 Silvio Conte (R) John Olver (D) Death (prostate cancer)
Illinois 15 102 July 2, 1991 Ed Madigan (R) Tom Ewing (R) Resigned upon appointment as United States Secretary of Agriculture.
Pennsylvania 2 102 November 5, 1991 Bill Gray (D) Lucien Blackwell (D) Resigned to become director of the United Negro College Fund.
Virginia 7 102 November 5, 1991 D. French Slaughter (R) George Allen (R) Resigned due to ill health (stroke).
Arizona 2 102 September 24, 1991 Mo Udall (D) Ed Pastor (D) Resigned due to ill health (Parkinson's disease).
New York 17 102 November 3, 1992 Ted Weiss (D) Jerrold Nadler (D) Death (heart attack)
North Carolina 1 102 November 3, 1992 Walter Jones, Sr. (D) Eva Clayton (D) Death (pneumonia)
Mississippi 2 103 April 13, 1993 Mike Espy (D) Bennie Thompson (D) Resigned upon appointment as United States Secretary of Agriculture.
Wisconsin 1 103 May 4, 1993 Les Aspin (D) Peter Barca (D) Resigned upon appointment as United States Secretary of Defense.
Ohio 2 103 May 4, 1993 Bill Gradison (R) Rob Portman (R) Resigned to become president of the Health Insurance Association of America.
California 17 103 June 8, 1993 Leon Panetta (D) Sam Farr (D) Resigned upon appointment as director of the Office of Management and Budget.
Michigan 3 103 December 7, 1993 Paul Henry (R) Vern Ehlers (R) Death (brain cancer)
Oklahoma 6 103 May 10, 1994 Glenn English (D) Frank Lucas (R) Resigned to become vice president of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association.
Kentucky 2 103 May 24, 1994 William Natcher (D) Ron Lewis (R) Death (heart failure)
Oklahoma 1 103 November 8, 1994 Jim Inhofe (R) Steve Largent (R) Resigned upon election as U.S. Senator from Oklahoma.
California 15 104 December 12, 1995 Norman Mineta (D) Tom Campbell (R) Resigned to become vice president of Lockheed Martin.
Illinois 2 104 December 12, 1995 Mel Reynolds (D) Jesse Jackson, Jr. (D) Resigned after being convicted of statutory rape.
California 37 104 March 26, 1996 Walter Tucker (D) Juanita Millender-McDonald (D) Resigned due to investigations over extortion and tax evasion.
Maryland 7 104 April 16, 1996 Kweisi Mfume (D) Elijah Cummings (D) Resigned to become director of the NAACP.
Oregon 3 104 May 21, 1996 Ron Wyden (D) Earl Blumenauer (D) Resigned upon election as U.S. Senator from Oregon.
Kansas 2 104 November 5, 1996 Sam Brownback (R) Jim Ryun (R) Resigned upon election as U.S. Senator from Kansas.
Missouri 8 104 November 5, 1996 Bill Emerson (R) Jo Ann Emerson (R) Death (cancer)
Texas 28 105 April 12, 1997 Frank Tejeda (D) Ciro Rodriguez (D) Death (brain cancer)
New Mexico 3 105 May 13, 1997 Bill Richardson (D) Bill Redmond (R) Resigned upon appointment as United States Ambassador to the United Nations.
New York 13 105 November 4, 1997 Susan Molinari (R) Vito Fossella (R) Resigned to become anchor of CBS This Morning.
New York 6 105 February 3, 1998 Floyd Flake (D) Gregory Meeks (D) Resigned to focus on his ministerial career.
California 22 105 March 10, 1998 Walter Capps (D) Lois Capps (D) Death (heart attack)
California 9 105 April 7, 1998 Ron Dellums (D) Barbara Lee (D) Resigned to take a position as a lobbyist.
California 44 105 April 7, 1998 Sonny Bono (R) Mary Bono (R) Death (skiing accident)
Pennsylvania 1 105 May 19, 1998 Tom Foglietta (D) Bob Brady (D) Resigned upon appointment as United States Ambassador to Italy.
New Mexico 1 105 June 23, 1998 Steven Schiff (R) Heather Wilson (R) Death (skin cancer)
Georgia 6 106 February 23, 1999 Newt Gingrich (R) Johnny Isakson (R) Resigned after the Republican caucus attempted to defeat him for another term as Speaker of the United States House of Representatives due to a poor electoral showing.
Louisiana 1 106 May 29, 1999 Bob Livingston (R) David Vitter (R) Resigned upon the discovery of an extramarital affair.
California 42 106 November 16, 1999 George Brown, Jr. (D) Joe Baca (D) Death (complications from heart surgery)
Pennsylvania 9 107 May 15, 2001 Bud Shuster (R) Bill Shuster (R) Resigned after failing to be reappointed as chair of the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee.
California 32 107 June 5, 2001 Julian Dixon (D) Diane Watson (D) Death (heart attack)
Virginia 4 107 June 19, 2001 Norman Sisisky (D) Randy Forbes (R) Death (complications from surgery)
Massachusetts 9 107 October 16, 2001 Joe Moakley (D) Stephen Lynch (D) Death (complications from myelodysplastic syndrome)
Florida 1 107 October 16, 2001 Joe Scarborough (R) Jeff Miller (R) Resigned to spend more time with his children.
Now he does Morning Joe on MSNBC.
Arkansas 3 107 November 20, 2001 Asa Hutchinson (R) John Boozman (R) Resigned upon appointment as director of the Drug Enforcement Administration.
South Carolina 107 December 18, 2001 Floyd Spence (R) Joe Wilson (R) Death (complications from brain surgery)
Oklahoma 1 107 January 8, 2002 Steve Largent (R) John Sullivan (R) Resigned to unsuccessfully run for Governor of Oklahoma
Hawaii 2 107 November 30, 2002 Patsy Mink (D) Ed Case (D) Death (pneumonia)
Hawaii 2 108 January 4, 2003[26] Ed Case (D) Ed Case (D) After Mink was reelected posthumously, Case was chosen in a special election to fill out the remainder of her term in the 107th Congress. He was elected to complete her 108th Congress term in a second election.
Texas 19 108 June 3, 2003 Larry Combest (R) Randy Neugebauer (R) Resigned after the sudden death of his daughter.
Kentucky 6 108 February 17, 2004 Ernie Fletcher (R) Ben Chandler (D) Resigned after being elected Governor of Kentucky.
South Dakota At-large 108 June 1, 2004 Bill Janklow (R) Stephanie Herseth (D) Resigned after being convicted of vehicular manslaughter .
North Carolina 1 108 July 20, 2004 Frank Ballance (D) G. K. Butterfield (D) Resigned due to health concerns and ongoing investigations over money laundering and mail fraud.
California 5 109 March 8, 2005 Bob Matsui (D) Doris Matsui (D) Death (Pneumonia)
Ohio 2 109 August 2, 2005 Rob Portman (R) Jean Schmidt (R) Resigned upon appointment as United States Trade Representative.
California 48 109 December 6, 2005 Christopher Cox (R) John Campbell (R) Resigned upon appointment as chairman of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
California 50 109 June 6, 2006 Randy "Duke" Cunningham (R) Brian P. Bilbray (R) Resigned after pleading guilty to tax evasion, conspiracy to commit bribery, mail fraud, and wire fraud.
New Jersey 13 109 November 7, 2006 Bob Menendez (D) Albio Sires (D) Resigned after being appointed as United States Senator for New Jersey
Texas 22 109 November 7, 2006 Tom DeLay (R) Shelley Sekula-Gibbs (R) Resigned after being indicted for conspiracy to commit election fraud.
Georgia 10 110 July 19, 2007 Charlie Norwood (R) Paul Broun, Jr. (R) Death (liver cancer)
California 37 110 August 21, 2007 Juanita Millender-McDonald (D) Laura Richardson (D) Death (colorectal cancer)
Massachusetts 5 110 October 16, 2007 Marty Meehan (D) Niki Tsongas (D) Resigned after being appointed as the chancellor of the University of Massachusetts Lowell
Ohio 5 110 December 11, 2007 Paul Gillmor (R) Bob Latta (R) Death (fell down the stairs)
Virginia 1 110 December 11, 2007 Jo Ann Davis (R) Rob Wittman (R) Death (breast cancer)
Illinois 14 110 March 8, 2008 Dennis Hastert (R) Bill Foster (D) Resigned to become a lobbyist.
Indiana 7 110 March 11, 2008 Julia Carson (D) André Carson (D) Death (lung cancer)
California 12 110 April 8, 2008 Tom Lantos (D) Jackie Speier (D) Death (cancer of the esophagus)
Louisiana 1 110 May 3, 2008 Bobby Jindal (R) Steve Scalise (R) Resigned to successfully run for Governor of Louisiana
Louisiana 6 110 May 3, 2008 Richard Baker (R) Don Cazayoux (D) Resigned to take a lobbyist position with the Managed Funds Association.
Mississippi 1 110 May 13, 2008 Roger Wicker (R) Travis Childers (D) Resigned upon appointment as United States Senator for Mississippi.
Maryland 4 110 June 17, 2008 Albert Wynn (D) Donna Edwards (D) Resigned after being defeated in the primary by Donna Edwards.
Ohio 11 110 November 18, 2008 Stephanie Tubbs Jones (D) Marcia Fudge (D) Death (cerebral hemorrhage)
New York 20 111 March 31, 2009 Kirsten Gillibrand (D) Scott Murphy (D) Resigned upon appointment as United States Senator for New York.
Illinois 5 111[27] April 7, 2009 Rahm Emanuel (D) Michael Quigley (D) Resigned upon appointment as the White House Chief of Staff.
California 32 111 July 14, 2009 Hilda Solis (D) Judy Chu (D) Resigned upon appointment as the United States Secretary of Labor.
California 10 111 November 3, 2009 Ellen Tauscher (D) John Garamendi (D) Resigned upon appointment as the Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs.
New York 23 111 November 3, 2009 John M. McHugh (R) Bill Owens (D) Resigned upon appointment as the United States Secretary of the Army.
Florida 19 111 April 13, 2010 Robert Wexler (D) Ted Deutch (D) Resigned to become director of the S. Daniel Abraham Center for Middle East Peace.
Pennsylvania 12 111 May 18, 2010 John Murtha (D) Mark Critz (D) Death (surgical complications)
Hawaii 1 111 May 22, 2010 Neil Abercrombie (D) Charles Djou (R) Resigned to successfully run for Governor of Hawaii.
Georgia 9 111 June 8, 2010[28] Nathan Deal (R) Tom Graves (R) Resigned to successfully run for Governor of Georgia.
Indiana 3 111 November 2, 2010 Mark Souder (R) Marlin Stutzman (R) Resigned after admitting to an affair with one of his part-time female staff members.[29]
New York 29 111 November 2, 2010 Eric Massa (D) Tom Reed (R) Resigned due to a pending House Ethics Committee investigation into allegations of sexual misconduct.
New York 26 112 May 24, 2011 Chris Lee (R) Kathy Hochul (D) Resigned after being found to have been sexually soliciting at least one woman on Craigslist and emailed a shirtless photo of himself.
California 36 112 July 12, 2011 Jane Harman (D) Janice Hahn (D) Resigned to become the director of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.[30]
Nevada 2 112 September 13, 2011 Dean Heller (R) Mark Amodei (R) Resigned after being appointed as a United States Senator for Nevada.
New York 9 112 September 13, 2011 Anthony Weiner (D) Bob Turner (R) Resigned due to the Anthony Weiner sexting scandal.
Oregon 1 112 January 31, 2012 David Wu (D) Suzanne Bonamici (D) Resigned due to accusations that he made unwanted sexual advances on the teenage daughter of a campaign donor and friend.
Arizona 8 112 June 12, 2012 Gabby Giffords (D) Ron Barber (D). Resigned due to injuries sustained in the 2011 Tucson shooting
Kentucky 4 112 November 6, 2012 Geoff Davis (R) Thomas Massie (R) Resigned due to family health issues.
Michigan 11 112 November 6, 2012 Thad McCotter (R) David Curson (D) Resigned after failing to qualify for the 2012 Republican primary in his congressional district after massive fraud by his staff resulted in the rejection of approximately 85% of his petition signatures as invalid.[31][32]
New Jersey 10 112 November 6, 2012 Donald M. Payne (D) Donald Payne, Jr. (D) Death (colon cancer)
Washington 1 112 November 6, 2012 Jay Inslee (D) Suzan DelBene (D) Resigned to successfully run for Governor of Washington
Illinois 2 113 April 9, 2013 Jesse Jackson, Jr. (D) Robin Kelly (D) Resigned, citing mental and physical health problems, and also acknowledged that he was under two separate investigations by the House Ethics Committee and the FBI.[33]
South Carolina 1 113 May 7, 2013 Tim Scott (R) Mark Sanford (R) Resigned when appointed U.S. Senator from South Carolina
Missouri 8 113 June 4, 2013 Jo Ann Emerson (R) Jason Smith (R) Resigned to become the president of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association
Louisiana 5 113 November 16, 2013 Rodney Alexander (R) Vance McAllister (R) Resigned to become secretary of the Louisiana Department of Veterans Affairs
Massachusetts 5 113 December 10, 2013 Edward Markey (D) Katherine Clark (D) Resigned upon his election as United States Senator from Massachusetts
Alabama 1 113 December 17, 2013 Jo Bonner (R) Bradley Byrne (R) Resigned to become the vice chancellor of The University of Alabama
Florida 13 113 March 11, 2014 Bill Young (R) David Jolly (R) Death (complications from back surgery)
Florida 19 113 June 24, 2014 Trey Radel (R) Curt Clawson (R) Resigned following conviction for cocaine possession
North Carolina 12 113 November 4, 2014 Mel Watt (D) [not yet elected] Resigned upon appointment as director of the Federal Housing Finance Agency.
New Jersey 1 113 November 4, 2014 Rob Andrews (D) [not yet elected] Resigned due to ethics investigation
Virginia 7 113 November 4, 2014 Eric Cantor (R) [not yet elected] Resigned

Summary[edit]

In a few instances more than one seat was filled in a single special election, but each seat is counted separately in the list below.

Congress Start End Special
elections
Cumulative
total
1st March 4, 1789 March 3, 1791 2 2
2nd March 4, 1791 March 3, 1793 6 8
3rd March 4, 1793 March 3, 1795 8 16
4th March 4, 1795 March 3, 1797 12 28
5th March 4, 1797 March 3, 1799 15 43
6th March 4, 1799 March 3, 1801 11 54
7th March 4, 1801 March 3, 1803 18 72
8th March 4, 1803 March 3, 1805 11 83
9th March 4, 1805 March 3, 1807 16 99
10th March 4, 1807 March 3, 1809 11 110
11th March 4, 1809 March 3, 1811 12 122
12th March 4, 1811 March 3, 1813 7 129
13th March 4, 1813 March 3, 1815 21 150
14th March 4, 1815 March 3, 1817 23 173
15th March 4, 1817 March 3, 1819 17 190
16th March 4, 1819 March 3, 1821 15 205
17th March 4, 1821 March 3, 1823 21 226
18th March 4, 1823 March 3, 1825 11 237
19th March 4, 1825 March 3, 1827 16 253
20th March 4, 1827 March 3, 1829 16 269
21st March 4, 1829 March 3, 1831 14 283
22nd March 4, 1831 March 3, 1833 9 292
23rd March 4, 1833 March 3, 1835 23 315
24th March 4, 1835 March 3, 1837 20 335
25th March 4, 1837 March 3, 1839 19 354
26th March 4, 1839 March 3, 1841 18 372
27th March 4, 1841 March 3, 1843 23 395
28th March 4, 1843 March 3, 1845 14 409
29th March 4, 1845 March 3, 1847 13 422
30th March 4, 1847 March 3, 1849 10 432
31st March 4, 1849 March 3, 1851 14 446
32nd March 4, 1851 March 3, 1853 6 452
33rd March 4, 1853 March 3, 1855 9 461
34th March 4, 1855 March 3, 1857 9 470
35th March 4, 1857 March 3, 1859 11 481
36th March 4, 1859 March 3, 1861 7 488
37th March 4, 1861 March 3, 1863 20 508
38th March 4, 1863 March 3, 1865 6 514
39th March 4, 1865 March 3, 1867 7 (+2 [34]) 523
40th March 4, 1867 March 3, 1869 11 534
41st March 4, 1869 March 3, 1871 16 550
42nd March 4, 1871 March 3, 1873 10 560
43rd March 4, 1873 March 3, 1875 13 573
44th March 4, 1875 March 3, 1877 16 589
45th March 4, 1877 March 3, 1879 6 595
46th March 4, 1879 March 3, 1881 8 603
47th March 4, 1881 March 3, 1883 16 619
48th March 4, 1883 March 3, 1885 15 634
49th March 4, 1885 March 3, 1887 11 645
50th March 4, 1887 March 3, 1889 8 653
51st March 4, 1889 March 3, 1891 17 670
52nd March 4, 1891 March 3, 1893 15 685
53rd March 4, 1893 March 3, 1895 21 706
54th March 4, 1895 March 3, 1897 11 717
55th March 4, 1897 March 3, 1899 13 730
56th March 4, 1899 March 3, 1901 20 750
57th March 4, 1901 March 3, 1903 17 767
58th March 4, 1903 March 3, 1905 14 781
59th March 4, 1905 March 3, 1907 17 798
60th March 4, 1907 March 3, 1909 13 811
61st March 4, 1909 March 3, 1911 13 824
62nd March 4, 1911 March 3, 1913 15 839
63rd March 4, 1913 March 3, 1915 19 858
64th March 4, 1915 March 3, 1917 12 870
65th March 4, 1917 March 3, 1919 23 893
66th March 4, 1919 March 3, 1921 24 917
67th March 4, 1921 March 3, 1923 20 937
68th March 4, 1923 March 3, 1925 24 961
69th March 4, 1925 March 3, 1927 11 972
70th March 4, 1927 March 3, 1929 15 987
71st March 4, 1929 March 3, 1931 27 1,014
72nd March 4, 1931 March 3, 1933 24 1,038
73rd March 4, 1933 January 3, 1935 15 1,053
74th January 3, 1935 January 3, 1937 10 1,063
75th January 3, 1937 January 3, 1939 15 1,078
76th January 3, 1939 January 3, 1941 24 1,102
77th January 3, 1941 January 3, 1943 19 1,121
78th January 3, 1943 January 3, 1945 18 1,139
79th January 3, 1945 January 3, 1947 16 1,155
80th January 3, 1947 January 3, 1949 19 1,174
81st January 3, 1949 January 3, 1951 11 1,185
82nd January 3, 1951 January 3, 1953 15 1,200
83rd January 3, 1953 January 3, 1955 9 1,209
84th January 3, 1955 January 3, 1957 5 1,214
85th January 3, 1957 January 3, 1959 10 1,224
86th January 3, 1959 January 3, 1961 10 1,234
87th January 3, 1961 January 3, 1963 12 1,246
88th January 3, 1963 January 3, 1965 12 1,258
89th January 3, 1965 January 3, 1967 10 1,268
90th January 3, 1967 January 3, 1969 6 1,274
91st January 3, 1969 January 3, 1971 14 1,288
92nd January 3, 1971 January 3, 1973 10 1,298
93rd January 3, 1973 January 3, 1975 10 1,308
94th January 3, 1975 January 3, 1977 10 1,318
95th January 3, 1977 January 3, 1979 6 1,324
96th January 3, 1979 January 3, 1981 7 1,331
97th January 3, 1981 January 3, 1983 9 1,340
98th January 3, 1983 January 3, 1985 9 1,349
99th January 3, 1985 January 3, 1987 5 1,354
100th January 3, 1987 January 3, 1989 8 1,362
101st January 3, 1989 January 3, 1991 12 1,374
102nd January 3, 1991 January 3, 1993 6 1,380
103rd January 3, 1993 January 3, 1995 7 1,387
104th January 3, 1995 January 3, 1997 6 1,393
105th January 3, 1997 January 3, 1999 9 1,402
106th January 3, 1999 January 3, 2001 3 1,405
107th January 3, 2001 January 3, 2003 9 1,414
108th January 3, 2003 January 3, 2005 5 1,419
109th January 3, 2005 January 3, 2007 6 1,425
110th January 3, 2007 January 3, 2009 13 1,438
111th January 3, 2009 January 3, 2011 11 1,449
112th January 3, 2011 January 3, 2013 10 1,459

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ For elections prior to 1901, the date of election was not typically recorded, so the date the Representative was seated is provided.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em Date of election [source: United States Congressional Elections, 1788-1997: The Official Results, by Michael J. Dubin (McFarland and Company, 1998)].
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej Date given for the start of the term, of the person elected at the special election (source: Congressional Biographical Directory). In some cases this is clearly wrong as the date of the legal start of the Congress is given, even though the member was elected at a later date.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak Congressman-elect, who served after the start of the Congress but vacated the seat without being sworn in.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Representative-elect, who vacated the seat before the start of the Congress.
  6. ^ MD-7 12th C.: The vacancies, for the remainder of the 11th Congress and the whole of the 12th Congress, were both filled by one ballot. This was the first of three examples of this method being used in Congressional special elections.
  7. ^ NY-15 13th C.: Bowers election was challenged by Isaac Williams, Jr. (D-R). Williams was seated in place of Bowers on December 20, 1813.
  8. ^ NH-AL 13th C.: Samuel Smith resigned on May 21, 1814 (although the resignation is not mentioned in the Congressional Biographical Directory). At the special election no candidate received the more than 50% of the votes required to be elected. The seat appears to have been left vacant for the remainder of the Congress.
  9. ^ NJ-AL 13th C.: Jacob Hufty was elected from the 3rd District, but by the time of the special election the legislature had reinstated at-large elections. This was the second of three cases when the special election was held on a different basis than the general election.
  10. ^ MA-10 18th C.: Bailey had presented credentials as a Member-elect, but the election was contested on the ground that he was not a resident of the district he purported to represent, and the House declared he was not entitled to the seat. He returned to a home in the district and was subsequently elected. See Bioguide.
  11. ^ Edward Tattnall, who previously represented Georgia At-large in the U.S. House of Representatives, was re-elected in the First district, but died before the beginning of the next Congress.
  12. ^ In the 1826 elections, there was a tie vote in the 2nd district, as a result, there was no winner and a second election was held in 1827
  13. ^ After his initial election, Sutherland resigned to accept a judicial position, but then subsequently resigned from that position and ran, successfully, in the special election called as a result of his own resignation
  14. ^ George W. Towns was installed on January 5, 1846 after Representative-elect Washington Poe never took seat. Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  15. ^ Gilliam died before taking office, necessitating the Nov. 26 special election.
  16. ^ Alexander H. Stephens was installed on December 1, 1873 after Representative-elect Ambrose R. Wright died before taking seat. Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  17. ^ Benjamin Harvey Hill was installed on May 5, 1875 after Representative-elect Garnett McMillan died before taking office. Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  18. ^ Democrat George A. La Dow was elected, but died before Congress convened.
  19. ^ William A. Pirce was declared the winner of the 1884 election, but his seat was later declared vacant due to election irregularities
  20. ^ The seat was declared vacant due to failure of candidates to attain majority of the vote
  21. ^ James Black succeeded himself to fill a vacancy he caused. Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  22. ^ Democrat Brigham Henry Roberts was elected, but was not allowed to take office because he practiced polygamy.
  23. ^ James Wickersham (R) contested Charles August Sulzer's (D) election to the 66th U.S. Congress, however Sulzer died on April 28 before the issue was settled. Wickersham was later declared the winner of the 1918 election after a long drawn out recount and seated on March 1, 1921.
  24. ^ "LA District 7 Special Runoff Race". 
  25. ^ District created following the 1980 Census. Republican Jack Swigert died before taking office.
  26. ^ Democrat Patsy Mink had been re-elected posthumously in the November 2002 election. Ed Case (D) was elected in a special election on November 30, 2002 to fill out her term in the 107th Congress and again on January 4, 2003 to fill out her term in the 108th Congress.
  27. ^ Rahm Emanuel resigned in the 110th Congress, but the special election was not held until the 111th congress.
  28. ^ The special election for Georgia's 9th district was scheduled for May 18, 2010, but since no candidate received 50% of the vote, a runoff was held June 8, 2010.
  29. ^ Souder to resign, Goshen News, 2010 May 18 (accessed 2010 May 18).
  30. ^ "The Fix - Jane Harman to resign from Congress". Washington Post. February 7, 2011. 
  31. ^ Spangler, Todd; Gray, Kathleen; Laitner, Bill (June 2, 2012). "McCotter ends write-in campaign for re-election". Detroit Free-Press. Retrieved 2012-06-02. 
  32. ^ Lange, Amy. "AG announces charges against 4 after McCotter petition mess". WJBK Fox 2. Retrieved 17 August 2012. 
  33. ^ Camia, Catalina; Davis, Susan (November 21, 2012). "Jesse Jackson Jr. to resign from Congress". USA Today. Retrieved 21 November 2012. 
  34. ^ The two additional special elections were held in states which had not then been re-admitted to representation in Congress, after the Civil War. Those elections were rejected by the House of Representatives.

Sources and external links[edit]