List of St. Louis Cardinals coaches

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St. Louis Cardinals

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The St. Louis Cardinals, based in St. Louis, Missouri, are a professional baseball franchise that compete in the National League of Major League Baseball (MLB). The club employs coaches who support – and report directly to – the manager. Coaches for various aspects of the game, including pitching, hitting, baserunning and fielding, give instruction to players to assist them in exercising the major disciplines that must be successfully executed to compete at the highest level. These specialized roles are a relatively new development, as coaches initially did not have specific roles and instead had titles such as "first assistant," "second assistant," etc. St. Louis Cardinals coaches have played an important role in the team's eleven World Series titles. Many are retired players who at one time played for the team. Coaching is often part of the path for Major League managerial hopefuls, as a coach's previous experiences typically include managing and/or coaching at the minor league level. Charley O'Leary and Heinie Peitz, both former Cardinals players, became the first coaches the Cardinals employed as positions separate from the manager in 1913.

The longest-tenured coach in Cardinals' franchise history is Red Schoendienst, who has filled a variety of roles for the St. Louis Cardinals. First, he played 15 seasons as a second baseman for the Cardinals before becoming an on-field coach in 1962 in his penultimate season as an active player. He continued to coach through 1964, and the next season, became the Cardinals' manager. Returning as an on-field coach for the Cardinals in 1979, Schoendienst remained in that capacity until 1995. Since 1996, he has served as a special assistant to the general manager as a coaching advisor. In all, Schoendienst has coached for St. Louis for 38 total seasons.[1] He has also worn a St. Louis Major League uniform in eight different decades, won four World Series titles as part of on-field personnel and two more World Series titles since moving into his role as an advisor.[2][3]

The current longest-tenured coach through 2013 is third-base coach José Oquendo, who has been coaching for the Cardinals since 1999. The latest addition is assistant hitting coach David Bell, who was hired before the 2014 season. The longest-tenured on-field coach in franchise history is Buzzy Wares; he is also the only coach for the Cardinals with a consecutive on-field season streak of 20 or more seasons with 23. Schoendienst is the only other with 20 or more total seasons; he also had a streak of 17 consecutive seasons. Dave Duncan and Dave McKay are both tied for third with 16 total seasons and both with a streak of 16 consecutive seasons. Oquendo has the fourth-longest tenure with 15 seasons and all 15 are also consecutive. Others with ten or more seasons include Mike González, Johnny Lewis, Marty Mason, Gaylen Pitts and Dave Ricketts. Dal Maxvill is the only former Cardinals coach to have become a general manager for the Cardinals. Ray Blades, Ken Boyer, González, Johnny Keane, Jack Krol, Marty Marion, Bill McKechnie, Schoendienst and Harry Walker have all also managed the Cardinals. Cardinals coaches who have been elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum include Bob Gibson, McKechnie and Schoendienst.

Current coaching staff[edit]

Lists of coaches[edit]

Key
# Ordinal number in the succession of coaches
Prior role, other notes: Previous Cardinal coaching assignment or assignment in another organization: M (Manager), BN (Bench coach), PT (Pitching), BP (Bullpen), H (Hitting), AH (Assistant hitting), 1BC (First base), 3BC (Third base), SA (Special assistant), MI (Coached or managed in minor leagues)
Ref Reference(s)
Roles Also a player (*), manager (M), or executive (E) for the Cardinals
Awards Former Gold Glove (G), Silver Slugger (S), Cy Young (C) or MVP (V) Award winner
Former MLB All-Star (1933–present only)
§ Inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame as a Cardinal
, Inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame primarily as a player (†) or as a manager and/or an executive (‡)


Bench coaches[edit]

Shown here in 1983, Red Schoendienst has served the Cardinals in some capacity in eight different decades, including as a coach and advisor since 1979.
José Oquendo is currently the longest-tenured on-field coach.
Buzzy Wares, pictured here during the 1946 World Series, spent the most seasons as an on-field coach for the Cardinals (193052).
Pitching coach Dave Duncan coached for the Cardinals with manager Tony La Russa from 1996 to 2011.
Ken Boyer won an MVP, eleven All-Star selections, five Gold Glove awards, coached and managed for the Cardinals between 1955 and 1980.
Mike González played or coached on five World Series champion Cardinals teams in the 1930s and 1940s.


# Coach Seasons Prior role, other notes: Ref
Riggleman, JimJim Riggleman 198990 MI (1983–88) [15][16]
Hassey, RonRon Hassey 1996 Vars. coaching pos, Colorado Rockies (199395) [17][18]
Lansford, CarneyCarney Lansford S∂ 1998 St. Louis Cardinals coach, 1997 [19]
Oquendo, JoséJosé Oquendo * 1999 MI (1997–98) [8]
Pettini, JoeJoe Pettini 20022011 MI (1989–2001) [20][21]
Aldrete, MikeMike Aldrete 20122014 AH (2008–11) [5] [6]
Bell, DavidDavid Bell * 2015 AH (2014), 3BC (Chicago Cubs, 2013) [10][22]

Hitting coaches[edit]

# Coach Seasons Prior role, other notes: Ref
Hack, StanStan Hack 195758 [17]
Pitts, GaylenGaylen Pitts 1991 MI (1980–90) [23]
Baylor, DonDon Baylor SV∂ 1992 [17]
Chambliss, ChrisChris Chambliss G∂ 199395 [17]
Hendrick, GeorgeGeorge Hendrick *S∂ 199697 MI (1993–95) [17][24]
Parker, DaveDave Parker GSV∂ 1998 Coach, Anaheim Angels (1997) [25]
Easler, MikeMike Easler 19992001 H (Boston Red Sox, 199394) [26][27]
Page, MitchellMitchell Page 200104 MI (1997–2001) [28][29]
McRae, HalHal McRae S∂ 200509 Special assistant to GM, Tampa Bay Devil Rays [30]
McGwire, MarkMark McGwire *GS∂ 201012 Major League player (19862001) [31][32]
Mabry, JohnJohn Mabry * 2013–present AH (2012) [9]

Assistant hitting coaches[edit]

# Coach Seasons Prior role, other notes: Ref
Aldrete, MikeMike Aldrete 200811 H (Arizona Diamondbacks, 2005–06) [6][33]
Mabry, JohnJohn Mabry * 2012 [9]
Molina, BengieBengie Molina G 2013 Major League player (19982010) [34]
Bell, DavidDavid Bell * 2014 3BC (Chicago Cubs, 2013) [10][22]
Mueller, BillBill Mueller 2015 Major League player (19962006)

Pitching coaches[edit]

# Coach Seasons Prior role, other notes: Ref
Becker, JoeJoe Becker 196566 [17]
Kittle, HubHub Kittle 198183 MI (1977) [35][36]
Coleman, JoeJoe Coleman 199194 BP (California Angels, 198790) [17][37]
Gibson, BobBob Gibson *GCV∂†§ 1995 PT (Atlanta Braves, 198284) [38]
Riggins, MarkMark Riggins 1995 MI (1979–94) [39]
Duncan, DaveDave Duncan 19962011 PT (Oakland Athletics, 198795) [40][41][42]
Lilliquist, DerekDerek Lilliquist 2011–present BP (2011) [11][43]

Bullpen coaches[edit]

# Coach Seasons Prior role, other notes: Ref
Zimmer, TomTom Zimmer 1976 MI (1971–75) [44][45][46]
Pitts, GaylenGaylen Pitts 199295 H (1991) [23]
DeJohn, MarkMark DeJohn 19962001 MI (1986–95) [47]
Mason, MartyMarty Mason 200010 MI (1986–99) [48][49]
Lilliquist, DerekDerek Lilliquist 2011 MI (2002–10) [50]
Miller, DyarDyar Miller 2012 MI (1985–86; 1996–2011) [51]
Ilsley, BlaiseBlaise Ilsley 2013–present MI (2008–12) [12][52]

First base coaches[edit]

# Coach Seasons Prior role, other notes: Ref
Leyva, NickNick Leyva 198485 MI (1978–83) [53][54]
Hacker, RichRich Hacker 198688 MI (1982–85) [17][55]
Collins, DaveDave Collins * 199192 Major League player (197590) [17][56]
Cardenal, JoséJosé Cardenal * 199495 [17]
McKay, DaveDave McKay 19962011 1BC (Oakland Athletics, 198995) [20][57][58]
Maloney, ChrisChris Maloney 2012–present MI (1991–96; 1998–2001; 2005–11) [7][59]

Third base coaches[edit]

# Coach Seasons Prior role, other notes: Ref
Kissell, GeorgeGeorge Kissell 196975 MI (1946–57, 1961–68) [60][61][62]
Hiller, ChuckChuck Hiller 1983 Coach (1981–82) [17][63]
Hacker, RichRich Hacker 198890 1BC (1986–87) [17][55]
Leyva, NickNick Leyva 198688 1BC (1984–85) [53][54]
Dent, BuckyBucky Dent 199194 M (New York Yankees, 1989 & 1990) [17][64]
Lachemann, ReneRene Lachemann 199799 M (Florida Marlins, 199396) [65]
Oquendo, JoséJosé Oquendo * 2000–present BN (1999) [8]

Special assistants[edit]

# Coach Seasons Prior role, other notes: Ref
Pitts, GaylenGaylen Pitts 2009–present Assistant for player development; MI (2008) [14][66]

Unspecified roles[edit]

Coach Seasons Prior role, other notes: Ref
O'Leary, CharleyCharley O'Leary * 191317 MI (1912) [67][68]
Peitz, HeinieHeinie Peitz * 1913 Coach (Cincinnati Reds, 1912) [69][70]
Hunter, NewtNewt Hunter 1920 MI (1903–18) [71][72]
Sugden, JoeJoe Sugden * 192125 Major League player (18931912) [73][68]
Thomas, RoyRoy Thomas 1922 MI (1922) [74][75]
Shotton, BurtBurt Shotton * 192325 Major League player (190923) [73][68]
Turner, TinkTink Turner 1924 MI (1913–16) [76][77]
Killefer, BillBill Killefer 1926 M (Chicago Cubs, 192125) [78]
Williams, OttoOtto Williams * 192627 Coach (Detroit Tigers, 1925) [79]
McKechnie, BillBill McKechnie M 1927 M (Pittsburgh Pirates, 192226) [80]
Sothoron, AllenAllen Sothoron * 192728 Major League player (191426) [81]
Onslow, JackJack Onslow 1928 Coach (Washington Senators, 1927) [82][83]
Neale, GreasyGreasy Neale 1929 MI (1927–28) [84][85]
Blades, RayRay Blades *M 193032, 1951 [17]
Wares, BuzzyBuzzy Wares 193052 [17][86]
González, MikeMike González *M 193446 MI (1933) [17][87]
Kaufmann, TonyTony Kaufmann 194650 MI (1941–42) [88][89]
Moore, TerryTerry Moore * 194952, 195658 Major League player (193548) [90]
Marion, MartyMarty Marion *MV∂ 1950 Major League player (1940–50) [91][92]
Ryba, MikeMike Ryba * 195155 MI (1925–50) [93][94]
Riddle, JohnnyJohnny Riddle 195255 Coach (Pittsburgh Pirates, 194850) [95]
Walker, DixieDixie Walker 1953, 1955 MI (1950–53, 1954–55) [96][97]
Kahn, LouLou Kahn 195455 MI (1936–53) [98][99]
Posedel, BillBill Posedel 195457 1BC (Pittsburgh Pirates, 194953) [100]
Hopp, JohnnyJohnny Hopp * 1956 MI (1955) [101][97]
Cooper, WalkerWalker Cooper * 1957 Major League player (1940–57) [17][102]
Hollingsworth, AlAl Hollingsworth 195758 MI (1948–53) [103][104]
Katt, RayRay Katt * 195961 Major league player (195259) [105]
Keane, JohnnyJohnny Keane M 195961 MI (1930–58) [106][107]
Walker, HarryHarry Walker *M 195962 MI (1956–58) [108][109]
Pollet, HowieHowie Pollet * 195964 Major League player (194156) [110]
Johnson, DarrellDarrell Johnson * 196061 Major league player (195260) [111]
Schoendienst, RedRed Schoendienst *M∂†§ 196265, 197995 Major League player (194563), coach (Oakland Athletics, 197778) [112]
Smith, HalHal Smith * 1962 Major League player (195961) [113]
Schultz, JoeJoe Schultz, Jr. 196368 MI (1958–62) [114][115]
Benson, VernVern Benson * 196465, 197075 MI (1956–61) [17][116][117]
Milliken, BobBob Milliken 196570, 1976 Major league player (195354) [118]
Vernon, MickeyMickey Vernon 1965 H (Pittsburgh Pirates, 1964) [119]
Sisler, DickDick Sisler * 196670 M (Cincinnati Reds, 196465) [120]
Muffett, BillyBilly Muffett * 196770 Major league player (195762) [121]
Zeller, BartBart Zeller * 1970 MI (1963–69) [122][123]
Boyer, KenKen Boyer *MGV∂ 197172 MI (1970) [17][124][125]
Schultz, BarneyBarney Schultz * 197175 Major League Player (195565) [126]
Thomas, LeeLee Thomas 1972, 1983 MI (1970, 1974) [127][128]
Lewis, JohnnyJohnny Lewis * 197376, 198489 Major League player (196467) [129]
Ricketts, DaveDave Ricketts * 197475, 197891 BP (Pittsburgh Pirates, 197073); MI (1976–77) [130][131]
Auferio, TonyTony Auferio 1975 [17]
Koenig, FredFred Koenig 1976 MI (1951–72) [132][133]
Gómez, PrestonPreston Gómez 1976 M (Houston Astros, 197475) [134]
Krol, JackJack Krol M 197780 MI (1954–76) [135][136]
Mozzali, MoMo Mozzali 197778 Minor leagues (1946–58) [137][138]
Osteen, ClaudeClaude Osteen * 197780 Major League player (195775) [139]
Ruberto, SonnySonny Ruberto 197778 Minor leagues (1964–76) [140][141]
Maxvill, DalDal Maxvill *EG 197980 Coach (New York Mets, 1978) [142][143]
Hiller, ChuckChuck Hiller 198182 Coach (Kansas City Royals, 197679) [17][63]
Lanier, HalHal Lanier 198185 MI (1977–80) [144][145]
Cunningham, JoeJoe Cunningham 1982 [17]
Roarke, MikeMike Roarke 198490 PT (Chicago Cubs, 197680) [146]
Knowles, DaroldDarold Knowles * 1983 Major League player (196580) [147]
Braun, SteveSteve Braun * 1990 [17]
Pitts, GaylenGaylen Pitts 199195 MI (1964–90) [148][149]
Hubbard, JackJack Hubbard 1993 [150]
Reynolds, TommieTommie Reynolds 1996 3BC (Oakland Athletics, 198995) [151]
Lansford, CarneyCarney Lansford S∂ 1997 Coach (Oakland Athletics, 199495) [19]

Related lists[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Source notes[edit]

  1. ^ Jove, Dave (January 18, 2013). "Red Schoendienst's 90th birthday". Fox2Now, KTVI St. Louis. Retrieved November 10, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Red Schoendienst". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 10, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Red Schoendienst". Baseball Hall of Fame. Retrieved November 10, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Mike Matheny #22". www.stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com. Retrieved September 3, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Cards bench coach Aldrete moving on to A's". MLB.com. October 27, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c "Mike Aldrete #28". www.stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com. Retrieved September 3, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "Chris Maloney #37". www.stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com. Retrieved September 3, 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c "José Oquendo #11". www.stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com. Retrieved September 3, 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c "John Mabry #47". www.stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com. Retrieved September 3, 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c Goold, Derrick (December 10, 2013). "Cards to hire David Bell as assistant hitting coach". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved December 27, 2013. 
  11. ^ a b "Derek Lilliquist #27". www.stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com. Retrieved September 3, 2013. 
  12. ^ a b "Blaise Illsley #49". www.stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com. Retrieved September 3, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Jamie Pogue #39". www.stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com. Retrieved September 3, 2013. 
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  19. ^ a b "Carney Lansford". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 17, 2013. 
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  24. ^ "George Hendrick". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 10, 2013. 
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  33. ^ "Mike Aldrete". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 8, 2013. 
  34. ^ Sullivan, T. R. (November 12, 2013). "Texas Rangers hire Bengie Molina to round out coaching staff". MLB.com. Retrieved November 12, 2013. 
  35. ^ "Hub Kittle". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 12, 2013. 
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  37. ^ "Joe Coleman". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 10, 2013. 
  38. ^ "Bob Gibson". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 8, 2013. 
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  41. ^ Staff report (January 6, 2012). "Cardinals hire Derek Lilliquist as Dave Duncan's replacement". The Sporting News. Retrieved November 6, 2013. 
  42. ^ "Dave Duncan". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 8, 2013. 
  43. ^ "Derek Lilliquist". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 9, 2013. 
  44. ^ "Tom Zimmer". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved January 8, 2014. 
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  46. ^ "Twins pick Tom Zimmer to manage farm club". Kingsport Post. December 30, 1976. Retrieved January 8, 2014. 
  47. ^ "Mark DeJohn". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 8, 2013. 
  48. ^ "Marty Mason". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 13, 2013. 
  49. ^ Strauss, Joe (October 18, 2010). "Cardinals dismiss bullpen coach". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved November 13, 2013. 
  50. ^ Browne, Ian (November 2, 2010). "Cardinals finalize 2011 coaching staff". stlouis.cardinals.MLB.com. Retrieved November 6, 2013. 
  51. ^ Walton, Brian (October 25, 2012). "(The other) Miller time ends with Cardinals". The Cardinal Nation.com via Scout.com. Retrieved November 6, 2013. 
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  53. ^ a b "Nick Leyva". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 12, 2013. 
  54. ^ a b "Nick Leyva minor league statistics & history". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 12, 2013. 
  55. ^ a b Vincent, Dave. "Rich Hacker". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved November 10, 2013. 
  56. ^ "Dave Collins". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 9, 2013. 
  57. ^ Goold, Derrick (April 16, 2012). "McKay believes Cubs will 'get good quickly'". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved November 6, 2013. 
  58. ^ "Dave McKay". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 8, 2013. 
  59. ^ Leach, Matthew (November 16, 2011). "Cards retain Duncan, McGwire, Oquendo". www.stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com. Retrieved November 6, 2013. Aldrete takes over as bench coach, Maloney new first-base coach 
  60. ^ Goldstein, Richard (October 8, 2008). "George Kissell, 88, Dies; Taught the Techniques of Baseball". New York Times. Retrieved November 8, 2013. 
  61. ^ "George Kissell". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 12, 2013. 
  62. ^ "George Kissell minor league statistics & history". Retrieved November 12, 2013. 
  63. ^ a b "Chuck Hiller". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 11, 2013. 
  64. ^ "Bucky Dent". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 8, 2013. 
  65. ^ "Rene Lachemann". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  66. ^ Morgan, Marlon (April 24, 2009). "Former 'Birds manager back with Cards". The Commercial Appeal. Retrieved November 6, 2013. 
  67. ^ "Charlie O'Leary". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 27, 2013. 
  68. ^ a b c "Charlie O'Leary minor league statistics & history". Retrieved December 27, 2013. 
  69. ^ "Heinie Peitz". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 27, 2013. 
  70. ^ "Heinie Peitz minor league statistics & history". Retrieved December 27, 2013. 
  71. ^ "Newt Hunter". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  72. ^ "Newt Hunter minor league statistics & history". Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  73. ^ a b "Joe Sugden". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  74. ^ "Roy Thomas". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  75. ^ "Roy Thomas minor league statistics & history". Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  76. ^ "Tink Turner". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  77. ^ "Tink Turner minor league statistics & history". Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  78. ^ "Bill Killefer". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  79. ^ "Otto Williams". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved January 7, 2014. 
  80. ^ "Bill McKechnie". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 9, 2013. 
  81. ^ "Allen Sothoron". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  82. ^ "Jack Onslow". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 27, 2013. 
  83. ^ "Jack Onslow minor league statistics & history". Retrieved December 27, 2013. 
  84. ^ "Greasy Neale". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 27, 2013. 
  85. ^ "Greasy Neale minor league statistics & history". Retrieved December 27, 2013. 
  86. ^ "Buzzy Wares". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 8, 2013. 
  87. ^ "Mike González". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 8, 2013. 
  88. ^ "Tony Kaufmann". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 16, 2013. 
  89. ^ "Tony Kaufmann minor league statistics & history". Retrieved November 16, 2013. 
  90. ^ "Terry Moore". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 10, 2013. 
  91. ^ "Marty Marion". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 16, 2013. 
  92. ^ "Marty Marion minor league statistics & history". Retrieved November 16, 2013. 
  93. ^ "Mike Ryba". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  94. ^ "Mike Ryba minor league statistics & history". Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  95. ^ "Johnny Riddle". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved January 1, 2014. 
  96. ^ "Dixie Walker". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved January 5, 2014. 
  97. ^ a b "Dixie Walker minor league statistics & history". Retrieved January 5, 2013. 
  98. ^ "Lou Kahn". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  99. ^ "Lou Kahn minor league statistics & history". Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  100. ^ "Bill Posedel". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 31, 2013. 
  101. ^ "Johnny Hopp". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  102. ^ "Walker Cooper". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 16, 2013. 
  103. ^ "Al Hollingsworth". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  104. ^ "Al Hollingsworth minor league statistics & history". Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  105. ^ "Ray Katt". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  106. ^ "Johnny Keane". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  107. ^ "Johnny Keane minor league statistics & history". Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  108. ^ "Harry Walker". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 16, 2013. 
  109. ^ "Harry Walker minor league statistics & history". Retrieved November 12, 2013. 
  110. ^ "Howie Pollet". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  111. ^ "Darrell Johnson". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  112. ^ "Red Schoendienst". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 12, 2013. 
  113. ^ "Hal Smith". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 16, 2013. 
  114. ^ Broeg 1998: 278
  115. ^ "Joe Schultz". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 8, 2013. 
  116. ^ "Vern Benson". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 17, 2013. 
  117. ^ "Vern Benson minor league statistics & history". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 17, 2013. 
  118. ^ "Bob Milliken". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 9, 2013. 
  119. ^ "Mickey Vernon". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved January 4, 2014. 
  120. ^ "Dick Sisler". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  121. ^ "Billy Muffett". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 14, 2013. 
  122. ^ "Bart Zeller". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved January 7, 2014. 
  123. ^ "Bart Zeller minor league statistics & history". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 7, 2014. 
  124. ^ "Ken Boyer". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 9, 2013. 
  125. ^ "Ken Boyer minor league statistics & history". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 17, 2013. 
  126. ^ "Barney Schultz". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved January 2, 2014. 
  127. ^ "Lee Thomas". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  128. ^ "Lee Thomas minor league statistics & history". Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  129. ^ "Johnny Lewis". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 15, 2013. 
  130. ^ "Dave Ricketts". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 15, 2013. 
  131. ^ "Dave Ricketts minor league statistics & history". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 15, 2013. 
  132. ^ "Fred Koenig". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  133. ^ "Fred Koenig minor league statistics & history". Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  134. ^ "Preston Gómez". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 9, 2013. 
  135. ^ "Jack Krol". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  136. ^ "Jack Krol minor league statistics & history". Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  137. ^ "Mo Mozzali". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  138. ^ "Mo Mozzali minor league statistics & history". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  139. ^ "Claude Osteen". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 14, 2013. 
  140. ^ "Sonny Ruberto". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  141. ^ "Sonny Ruberto minor league statistics & history". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  142. ^ Broeg 1998: 277
  143. ^ "Dal Maxville". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 9, 2013. 
  144. ^ "Hal Lanier". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 13, 2013. 
  145. ^ "Hal Lanier minor league statistics & history". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved November 13, 2013. 
  146. ^ "Mike Roarke". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved November 17, 2013. 
  147. ^ "Darold". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
  148. ^ "Gaylen Pitts". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved December 30, 2013. 
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Bibliography[edit]


St. Louis Cardinals 2015 spring training roster
40-man roster Non-roster invitees Coaches/Other

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38 active, 0 inactive, 3 non-roster invitees

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