List of St. Louis Cardinals no-hitters

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The St. Louis Cardinals are a Major League Baseball franchise based in St. Louis Missouri. They play in the National League Central division. Also known in their early years as the “St. Louis Brown Stockings” (1882), “St. Louis Browns” (1883–98), and “St. Louis Perfectos” (1899),[1] pitchers for the Cardinals have thrown 10 no-hitters in franchise history.[2] A no-hitter is officially recognized by Major League Baseball only "when a pitcher (or pitchers) retires each batter on the opposing team during the entire course of a game, which consists of at least nine innings".[3] No-hitters of less than nine complete innings were previously recognized by the league as official; however, several rule alterations in 1991 changed the rule to its current form.[4] A no-hitter is rare enough that only one team in Major League Baseball has never had a pitcher accomplish the feat.[a] A perfect game, a special subcategory of no-hitter, has yet to be thrown in Cardinals history.[5] As defined by Major League Baseball, "in a perfect game, no batter reaches any base during the course of the game."[3]

Ted Breitenstein threw the first no-hitter in Cardinals franchise history on his first major league start on October 4, 1891[6] when the team was known as the “St. Louis Browns”; the most recent no-hitter was thrown by Bud Smith on September 3, 2001.[5] Two left-handed pitchers have thrown no-hitters in franchise history, while seven were by right-handers. Four no-hitters were thrown at home and six on the road. They threw one in April, one in June, one in July, two in August, four in September, and one in October. The longest interval between no-hitters was between the games pitched by Breitenstein and Jesse Haines, encompassing 32 years, 9 months, and 13 days from October 4, 1891 till August 17, 1924. Conversely, the shortest interval between no-hitters was between the games pitched by Jiménez and Smith, encompassing merely 2 years, 2 months, and 9 days from June 25, 1999 till September 3, 2001.[5] They no-hit the different teams. None of those no-hitter which the team allowed at least a run. The most baserunners allowed in a no-hitter was by Ray Washburn (in 1968), who allowed five. Of the 9 no-hitters, two have been won by a score of 2–0, 3–0, and 5–0, more common than any other results. The largest margin of victory in a no-hitter was an 11–0 win by Bob Gibson in 1971. The smallest margin of victory was a 1–0 win by Jiménez in 2001.

The umpire is also an integral part of any no-hitter. The task of the umpire in a baseball game is to make any decision "which involves judgment, such as, but not limited to, whether a batted ball is fair or foul, whether a pitch is a strike or a ball, or whether a runner is safe or out… [the umpire's judgment on such matters] is final."[7] Part of the duties of the umpire making calls at home plate includes defining the strike zone, which "is defined as that area over homeplate (sic) the upper limit of which is a horizontal line at the midpoint between the top of the shoulders and the top of the uniform pants, and the lower level is a line at the hollow beneath the kneecap."[7] These calls define every baseball game and are therefore integral to the completion of any no-hitter.[8] Eight different umpires presided over each of the franchise's ten no-hitters.

The manager is another integral part of any no-hitter. The tasks of the manager is to determine the starting rotation as well as batting order and defensive lineup every game.[9] Managers choosing the right pitcher and right defensive lineup at a right game at a right place at a right time would contribute to a no-hitter.[citation needed] Eight different managers have led to the franchise's ten no-hitters.

List of no-hitters in Cardinals history[edit]

 ¶  Indicates a perfect game
 £  Pitcher was left-handed
 *  Member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
# Date Pitcher Final score Base-
runners
Opponent Catcher Plate umpire Manager Notes Ref
1 October 4, 1891 Breitenstein, TedTed Breitenstein£ 8–0 3 Louisville Colonels Boyle, JackJack Boyle O'Day, HankHank O'Day (1) Comiskey, CharlieCharlie Comiskey
  • First career start
  • First game of a doubleheader on the final day of the season
  • First no-hitter in franchise history
  • First no-hitter at home in franchise history
  • First left-handed pitcher to throw a no-hitter in franchise history
  • Largest margin of victory in a franchise's no-hitter
  • Latest calendar date of franchise's no-hitter
[10]
2 July 17, 1924 Haines, JesseJesse Haines* 5–0 3 Boston Braves González, MikeMike González O'Day, HankHank O'Day (2) Rickey, BranchBranch Rickey
  • Longest interval between franchise's no-hitters
[11]
3 September 21, 1934 Dean, PaulPaul Dean 3–0 1 @ Brooklyn Dodgers DeLancey, BillBill DeLancey Klem, BillBill Klem Frisch, FrankieFrankie Frisch
  • Second game of a doubleheader. In the first game, Paul's brother Dizzy had a no-hitter for 8 innings but finished with a 3-hit shutout. If that game had ended with a no-hitter, Paul and Dizzy would have been the first brothers to each throw a no-hitter in MLB history.
  • First MLB no-hitter in 1140 days, the longest gap between no-hitters
[12]
4 August 30, 1941 Warneke, LonLon Warneke 2–0 2 @ Cincinnati Reds Cooper, WalkerWalker Cooper Conlan, JockoJocko Conlan Southworth, BillyBilly Southworth [13]
5 September 18, 1968 Washburn, RayRay Washburn 2–0 5 @ San Francisco Giants Edwards, JohnnyJohnny Edwards Jackowski, BillBill Jackowski Schoendienst, RedRed Schoendienst (1)
  • The previous day in the same park, the Giants no-hit the Cardinals
  • Most baserunners allowed in a franchise's no-hitters
[14]
6 August 14, 1971 Gibson, BobBob Gibson* 11–0 4 @ Pittsburgh Pirates Simmons, TedTed Simmons (1) Wendelstedt, HarryHarry Wendelstedt (1) Schoendienst, RedRed Schoendienst (2)
  • First no-hitter in Pittsburgh in 64 years
  • Largest margin of victory in a franchise's no-hitter
[15]
7 April 16, 1978 Forsch, BobBob Forsch (1) 5–0 3 Philadelphia Phillies Simmons, TedTed Simmons (2) Weyer, LeeLee Weyer Rapp, VernVern Rapp
  • Earliest calendar date of no-hitter in franchise history
[16]
8 September 26, 1983 Forsch, BobBob Forsch (2) 3–0 2 Montreal Expos Porter, DarrellDarrell Porter Wendelstedt, HarryHarry Wendelstedt (2) Herzog, WhiteyWhitey Herzog
  • Only baserunners were hit by pitch and reached on error
[17]
9 June 25, 1999 Jiménez, JoséJosé Jiménez 1–0 3 @ Arizona Diamondbacks Castillo, AlbertoAlberto Castillo Froemming, BruceBruce Froemming La Russa, TonyTony La Russa (1)
  • Smallest margin of victory in a franchise's no-hitter
  • Ten days later, Jiménez again shut out the Diamondbacks 1–0, allowing only two hits. Randy Johnson was the losing pitcher in both games.
[18]
10 September 3, 2001 Smith, BudBud Smith£ 4–0 4 @ San Diego Padres Marrero, EliEli Marrero Cuzzi, PhilPhil Cuzzi La Russa, TonyTony La Russa (2)
  • Most recent no-hitter in franchise history
  • Just the previous day, the Yankees' pitcher Mike Mussina lost his perfect game bid with two outs in the ninth inning when Red Sox batter Carl Everett singled. If Mussina had his perfect game, it would have been the fifth time in MLB history for no-hitters to happen two consecutive days (first time since 1968) and first time with one of them being a perfect game.
  • Shortest interval between no-hitters in franchise history
[19]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "St. Louis Cardinals Team History & Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  2. ^ "St. Louis Cardinals Franchise History". ESPN. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b "MLB Miscellany: Rules, regulations and statistics". MLB.com. Major League Baseball. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  4. ^ Kurkjian, Tim (June 29, 2008). "No-hit win makes no sense, except in baseball". ESPN. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c "St. Louis Cardinals on Baseball Almanac". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  6. ^ Eisenbath, Mike; Musial, Stan (1999-05-14). Cardinals Encyclopedia. Temple University Press. pp. 141, 315. ISBN 978-1-56639-703-2. Retrieved 25 November 2010. 
  7. ^ a b "Umpires: Rules of Interest". MLB.com. Major League Baseball. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  8. ^ Bronson, Eric. Baseball and Philosophy: Thinking Outside the Batter's Box, Pgs 98–99. ISBN 0-8126-9556-9. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  9. ^ "Manager". Wikipedia. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  10. ^ "1891 Browns Schedule, Box Scores, and Splits". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  11. ^ "July 17, 1924 St. Louis Cardinals at Boston Braves Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  12. ^ "September 21, 1934 St. Louis Cardinals at Brooklyn Dodgers Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  13. ^ "August 30, 1941 St. Louis Cardinals at Cincinnati Reds Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  14. ^ "September 18, 1968 St. Louis Cardinals at San Francisco Giants Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  15. ^ "August 14, 1971 St. Louis Cardinals at Pittsburgh Pirates Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  16. ^ "April 16, 1978 Philadelphia Phillies at St. Louis Cardinals Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  17. ^ "September 26, 1983 Montreal Expos at St. Louis Cardinals Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  18. ^ "June 25, 1999 St. Louis Cardinals at Arizona Diamondbacks Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  19. ^ "September 3, 2001 St. Louis Cardinals at San Diego Padres Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 
  20. ^ "No Hitters Chronologically". Retrosheet.org. Retrosheet, Inc. Retrieved November 24, 2010. 

External links[edit]