List of Stewards of the Manor of Northstead

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William Ewart Gladstone, who reformed the process to omit references to the position being one of honour

The position of Steward of the Manor of Northstead is a procedural device to allow Members of Parliament to resign from the British House of Commons. Members of the House of Commons are technically forbidden from resigning. To circumvent this prohibition, a legal fiction is used. An appointment to an "office of profit under The Crown" disqualifies an individual from sitting as a Member of Parliament (MP). As such, several such positions are maintained to allow MPs to resign.[1] Currently, the positions of Steward of the Manor of Northstead and Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds are used; historically several other offices have also been used.[1] The position was reworked in 1861 by William Ewart Gladstone, who was worried about the honour conferred by appointment to people such as Edwin James, who had fled to the United States over £10,000 in debt. As such, the letter was rewritten to omit any references to honour.

Most references say the position was first used in this way on 20 March 1844 to allow Sir George Henry Rose, Member for Christchurch, to resign his seat in Parliament, but the official book containing appointments to the Stewardship (lodged in The National Archives under catalogue reference E 197/1)[2] indicates that Patrick Chalmers, Member for Montrose Burghs, was appointed to this office on 6 April 1842 so that he could resign due to ill health. The writ ordering the election of a replacement MP was changed so that it appeared Chalmers had been appointed to the Chiltern Hundreds.

Appointees to the offices of Steward of the Manor of Northstead and Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds are alternated so that two MPs can resign at once (as happened on 22 October 2012). However every new appointment to the Stewardship revokes the previous appointment so there is no difficulty in situations in which more than two resign, such as the 1985 walkout of Ulster Unionist MPs when several separate appointments were made on a single day.[1]

Key[edit]

Key

1842 to 1899[edit]

Date Member Constituency Party Reason for resignation
6 April 1842 Chalmers, PatrickPatrick Chalmers Montrose Burghs Lib Ill-health[3]
20 March 1844 Rose, George HenryGeorge Henry Rose Christchurch Con
21 January 1846 Murphy, Francis Francis Murphy Cork City Lib
5 February 1846 Henniker, The LordThe Lord Henniker Suffolk East Con In anticipation of being raised to the peerage as Baron Hartismere[4]
22 November 1852 Tennent, James EmersonJames Emerson Tennent Lisburn Con Appointed secretary to the Board of Trade[5]
27 December 1852 Howard, Hon. EdwardHon. Edward Howard Morpeth Lib
15 August 1853 Herries, John CharlesJohn Charles Herries Stamford Con Ill-health[6]
27 January 1854 Inglis, Bt, Sir RobertSir Robert Inglis, Bt Oxford University Con Ill-health[7]
13 February 1854 Powell, WilliamWilliam Powell Cardiganshire Con
5 May 1854 Tufnell, HenryHenry Tufnell Devonport Lib Ill-health[8]
July 1854 Lawley, Hon. Francis CharlesHon. Francis Charles Lawley Beverley Lib Found to have been using his position as secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer for insider trading[9]
26 March 1855 Price, William PhilipWilliam Philip Price Gloucester Lib Resigned to accept a contract for supplying huts to the army in the Crimea[10]
25 May 1855 Phinn, ThomasThomas Phinn Bath Whig Appointed Second Secretary to the Admiralty[11]
22 January 1856 Blackett, JohnJohn Blackett Newcastle-upon-Tyne Lib Ill-health[12]
23 January 1856 Dalrymple, ViscountViscount Dalrymple Wigtownshire Lib
23 May 1856 Waterpark, The LordThe Lord Waterpark Lichfield Lib
5 January 1857 Price, Bt, Sir RobertSir Robert Price, Bt Hereford Whig
23 February 1857 MacGregor, JohnJohn MacGregor Glasgow Lib
27 July 1857 Egerton, WilliamWilliam Egerton North Cheshire Con
26 August 1857 Byng, Hon. GeorgeHon. George Byng Tavistock Lib To allow him to stand for the vacant Middlesex parliamentary seat.[13]
1 December 1857 Dering, Bt, Sir EdwardSir Edward Dering, Bt Kent East Lib Ill health.[14]
December 1857 Cavendish, Hon. Charles ComptonHon. Charles Compton Cavendish Buckinghamshire Lib In anticipation of being raised to the peerage as Baron Chesham.
2 February 1859 Hamilton, George AlexanderGeorge Alexander Hamilton Dublin University Con Appointed Assistant Secretary to the Treasury[15]
8 February 1859 Townsend, JohnJohn Townsend Greenwich Lib Bankruptcy.[16]
16 February 1859 Ebrington, ViscountViscount Ebrington Marylebone Lib Called to the House of Lords via a writ of acceleration[17]
25 February 1859 Warren, SamuelSamuel Warren Midhurst Con Appointed a Master in Lunacy[18]
6 August 1859 Michell, WilliamWilliam Michell Bodmin Whig
12 August 1859 Grey, Ralph Ralph Grey Liskeard Whig
25 July 1860 Wynne, JohnJohn Wynne Sligo Con
10 April 1861 James, EdwinEdwin James Marylebone Lib Resigned and fled to the United States with massive debts[19]
18 June 1861 White, HenryHenry White Longford Lib
24 July 1861 Russell, Lord JohnLord John Russell City of London Whig In anticipation of being raised to the peerage as Earl Russell[20]
27 January 1862 Butler-Johnstone, Hon. HenryHon. Henry Butler-Johnstone Canterbury Lib
25 April 1862 Fox, William JohnsonWilliam Johnson Fox Oldham Lib Ill-health[21]
23 January 1863 Moody, CharlesCharles Moody West Somerset Con
11 February 1863 Richardson, JonathanJonathan Richardson Lisburn Con
8 May 1863 O'Connell, DanielDaniel O'Connell Tralee Lib
28 July 1863 Milnes, Richard Monckton Richard Monckton Milnes Pontefract Lib In anticipation of being raised to the peerage as Baron Houghton[22]
6 February 1864 Coningham, WilliamWilliam Coningham Brighton Lib Ill health
6 April 1864 Garnett, WilliamWilliam Garnett Lancaster Con
6 March 1865 Sotheron-Estcourt, Thomas H.Thomas H. Sotheron-Estcourt Wiltshire North Con Ill-health[23]
21 February 1866 Wood, Bt, Sir CharlesSir Charles Wood, Bt Ripon Lib Retired following a hunting accident[24]
20 March 1866 Lindsay, Hon. JamesHon. James Lindsay Wigan Con Due to prolonged service in Canada in the British Army.[25]
2 May 1866 Northcote, Bt, Sir StaffordSir Stafford Northcote, Bt Stamford Con Resigned to contest North Devon[26]
19 July 1866 Kerrison, Bt, Sir EdwardSir Edward Kerrison, Bt Eye Con To allow him to stand for election to one of the East Suffolk parliamentary seats.[27][28] He resigned again in 1867 becoming a Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds.
5 February 1867 Miller, TavernerTaverner Miller Colchester Con
8 March 1867 Staniland, MeaburnMeaburn Staniland Boston Lib
6 June 1867 Gridley, HenryHenry Gridley Weymouth Lib
12 August 1867 Scrope, George Julius PoulettGeorge Julius Poulett Scrope Stroud Lib
12 February 1868 Hope, Alexander BeresfordAlexander Beresford Hope Stoke-on-Trent Con
3 April 1868 Campbell, Alexander HenryAlexander Henry Campbell Launceston Con
14 April 1868 Walsh, Arthur Arthur Walsh Leominster Con
22 April 1868 Peto, Bt, Sir SamuelSir Samuel Peto, Bt Bristol Lib Gave up his seat after being declared bankrupt[29]
Had previously resigned from Norwich in 1854 using Hempholme.
9 August 1869 Traill, GeorgeGeorge Traill Caithness Lib
7 February 1870 Lefroy, Anthony Anthony Lefroy Dublin University Con
15 February 1870 Scott, Sir WilliamSir William Scott Roxburghshire Lib
9 February 1871 Westhead, JoshuaJoshua Westhead York Lib
6 February 1872 Loch, GeorgeGeorge Loch Wick Lib
5 February 1875 Elliot, GeorgeGeorge Elliot Chatham Con Appointed Commander-in-Chief of HMNB Portsmouth[30]
8 February 1876 Benyon, Richard FellowesRichard Fellowes Benyon Berkshire Con
9 February 1876 Karslake, Sir John BurgessSir John Burgess Karslake Huntingdon Con
4 August 1876 Carter, Robert MeekRobert Meek Carter Leeds Lib
23 February 1877 Deakin, James HenryJames Henry Deakin Launceston Con
17 January 1878 Macgregor, DonaldDonald Macgregor Leith Burghs Lib
25 February 1878 Munro-Butler-Johnstone, HenryHenry Munro-Butler-Johnstone Canterbury Con
8 March 1878 Neville-Grenville, RalphRalph Neville-Grenville Mid Somerset Con
4 May 1878 Talbot, John GilbertJohn Gilbert Talbot West Kent Con
20 July 1878 Davie, Bt, Sir Henry FergusonSir Henry Ferguson Davie, Bt Haddington Burghs Lib
3 August 1878 Malcolm, JohnJohn Malcolm Boston Con
5 December 1878 Sandford, GeorgeGeorge Sandford Maldon Con
10 March 1879 Allen, Ralph ShuttleworthRalph Shuttleworth Allen East Somerset Con
18 February 1880 Whitworth, BenjaminBenjamin Whitworth Kilkenny City HRL
4 May 1880 Knatchbull-Hugessen, EdwardEdward Knatchbull-Hugessen Sandwich Lib
18 May 1880 Sullivan, Alexander MartinAlexander Martin Sullivan County Louth HRL
20 May 1880 Bernard, PercyPercy Bernard Bandon Con
24 July 1880 Dodson, John GeorgeJohn George Dodson Chester Lib Resigned to contest Scarborough, which was vacated via the Chiltern Hundreds the previous day, in anticipation of his election being declared void on petition (as happened in August 1880)[31]
22 January 1881 Foley, JosephJoseph Foley New Ross HRL
24 August 1881 Rodwell, BenjaminBenjamin Rodwell Cambridgeshire Con
6 February 1882 Russell, Sir CharlesSir Charles Russell Westminster Con
11 August 1882 Wedderburn, Bt, Sir DavidSir David Wedderburn, Bt Haddington Burghs Lib
15 September 1882 Finegan, James LysaghtJames Lysaght Finegan Ennis HRL
16 February 1883 Dilke, Ashton WentworthAshton Wentworth Dilke Newcastle-upon-Tyne Lib Ill-health[32]
1 March 1883 Carington, Hon. WilliamHon. William Carington Chipping Wycombe Lib
13 June 1883 Whalley, HampdenHampden Whalley Peterborough Lib
20 June 1883 Murray, Charles JamesCharles James Murray Hastings Con
14 August 1883 Ruggles-Brise, SamuelSamuel Ruggles-Brise Essex East Con
16 November 1883 Bisset, MordauntMordaunt Bisset West Somerset Con Ill-health[33]
11 February 1884 Daly, JohnJohn Daly Cork City Nat
20 February 1884 Welby-Gregory, Bt, Sir WilliamSir William Welby-Gregory, Bt South Lincolnshire Con
5 June 1884 Douglas-Scott-Montagu, Lord HenryLord Henry Douglas-Scott-Montagu Hampshire South Con
20 June 1884 Taylor, Peter AlfredPeter Alfred Taylor Leicester Lib Ill-health[34]
6 August 1884 Matheson, Bt, Sir AlexanderSir Alexander Matheson, Bt Ross and Cromarty Lib
23 October 1884 Williams, SamuelSamuel Williams New Radnor Lib
14 November 1884 Stewart, JamesJames Stewart Greenock Lib
6 March 1885 Anderson, GeorgeGeorge Anderson Glasgow Lib
24 February 1886 Morgan, Octavius VaughanOctavius Vaughan Morgan Battersea Lib
7 August 1886 Bass, Bt, Sir MichaelSir Michael Bass, Bt Burton Lib
31 January 1887 Percy, Lord AlgernonLord Algernon Percy St. George's, Hanover Square Con
4 July 1887 Eaton, HenryHenry Eaton Coventry Con
12 July 1887 Baggallay, ErnestErnest Baggallay Brixton Con
24 July 1887 Russell, EdwardEdward Russell Glasgow Bridgeton Lib
7 February 1888 Cohen, ArthurArthur Cohen Southwark West Lib
9 February 1888 Buchanan, ThomasThomas Buchanan Edinburgh West Lib
18 February 1888 Evelyn, WilliamWilliam Evelyn Deptford Con
7 March 1888 James, CharlesCharles James Merthyr Tydvil Lib
16 April 1888 Mason, StephenStephen Mason Mid Lanarkshire Lib
14 June 1888 Kennedy, Edward JosephEdward Joseph Kennedy Sligo South Nat
4 August 1888 Hamilton, Lord ClaudLord Claud Hamilton Liverpool West Derby Con
14 December 1888 Dodds, JosephJoseph Dodds Stockton Lib
25 February 1889 Kenny, Courtney StanhopeCourtney Stanhope Kenny Barnsley Lib
11 March 1889 Hooper, JohnJohn Hooper South East Cork IPP Retirement from politics[35]
21 June 1889 Bruce, Hon. Robert PrestonHon. Robert Preston Bruce West Fife Lib
17 February 1890 Mayne, ThomasThomas Mayne Mid Tipperary IPP
12 March 1890 Sinclair, JohnJohn Sinclair Ayr Burghs Lib
19 May 1890 O'Hea, PatrickPatrick O'Hea Donegal West IPP
24 June 1890 Caine, William SprostonWilliam Sproston Caine Barrow-in-Furness Lib Resigned in protest of a scheme that gave compensation to public license holders[36]
22 October 1891 Redmond, JohnJohn Redmond North Wexford IPP
27 February 1893 Josse, HenriHenri Josse Great Grimsby Lib Pressure of business interests, he died a few months later in July 1893.[37]
2 June 1893 McLagan, PeterPeter McLagan Linlithgowshire Lib
17 July 1893 Deasy, JohnJohn Deasy West Mayo INF
30 October 1893 Barry, JohnJohn Barry South Wexford INF
15 March 1894 Rendel, StuartStuart Rendel Montgomeryshire Lib
26 April 1894 Russell, Sir CharlesSir Charles Russell Hackney South Lib
10 August 1894 Gordon-Lennox, Lord WalterLord Walter Gordon-Lennox Chichester Con
17 August 1894 Whitehead, Bt, Sir JamesSir James Whitehead, Bt Leicester Lib
2 February 1895 Naylor-Leyland, Bt, Sir HerbertSir Herbert Naylor-Leyland, Bt Colchester Con
8 April 1895 Sweetman, JohnJohn Sweetman East Wicklow IPP
22 May 1895 MacGregor, DonaldDonald MacGregor Inverness-shire Lib
22 June 1895 O'Brien, J. F. X.J. F. X. O'Brien Mayo South INF
5 February 1896 Will, John ShiressJohn Shiress Will Montrose Burghs Lib Resigned so that John Morley could be elected[38]
22 March 1896 Kenny, J. E.J. E. Kenny Dublin, College Green IPP Could no longer attend Parliament regularly due to other commitments[39]
16 May 1896 Pender, Sir JohnSir John Pender Wick Burghs LU Ill-health, he died on 9 July 1896 aged 80.[40]
16 January 1897 Hulse, EdwardEdward Hulse Salisbury Con
20 February 1897 Shaw, William RawsonWilliam Rawson Shaw Halifax Lib
15 March 1898 Hunt, Bt, Sir Frederick SeagerSir Frederick Seager Hunt, Bt Maidstone Con
30 April 1898 Finch-Hatton, Hon. HaroldHon. Harold Finch-Hatton Newark Con Disagreement with party policy[41]
9 July 1898 Hill, Lord ArthurLord Arthur Hill West Down Con
10 August 1898 Curzon, Hon. GeorgeHon. George Curzon Southport Con
9 December 1898 Knox, Edmund VeseyEdmund Vesey Knox Londonderry City IPP
1 February 1899 Acland, Arthur DykeArthur Dyke Acland Rotherham Lib Ill-health[42]
11 February 1899 McCalmont, HughHugh McCalmont North Antrim UU
16 June 1899 Edwards, Sir James BevanSir James Bevan Edwards Hythe Con
26 June 1899 Oswald, James FrancisJames Francis Oswald Oldham Con
16 October 1899 Holland, Hon. LionelHon. Lionel Holland Bow and Bromley Con Ill Health.[43]
26 October 1899 Davitt, MichaelMichael Davitt South Mayo INF

1900 to 1999[edit]

Date Member Constituency Party Reason for resignation
26 January 1900 Maden, Sir JohnSir John Maden Rossendale Lib ..circumstances have arisen that render it impossible for me any longer to to retain the trust which you have generously reposed in me.. [44]
10 February 1900 Clarke, Sir Edward GeorgeSir Edward George Clarke Plymouth Con Requested to resign by his constituent parties in a disagreement over his views expressed.[45]
23 April 1900 Clough, WalterWalter Clough Portsmouth Lib Following a judgement against him in the Law Courts.[46]
3 July 1901 Young, OliverOliver Young Wokingham Con
13 January 1902[47] Oldroyd, MarkMark Oldroyd Dewsbury Lib To concentrate on business interests[48]
4 February 1902 McDermott, PatrickPatrick McDermott Kilkenny North IPP
6 April 1902 Boyle, JamesJames Boyle Donegal West IPP
29 April 1902 Kenyon, JamesJames Kenyon Bury Con Ill-health[49]
21 October 1902 Pease, AlfredAlfred Pease Cleveland Lib
12 February 1903 Kinloch, Bt, Sir JohnSir John Kinloch, Bt Perthshire, Eastern Lab
26 February 1903 Beresford, Lord CharlesLord Charles Beresford Woolwich Con Appointed Commander of the Channel Fleet[50]
12 May 1903 Minch, MatthewMatthew Minch Kildare South IPP
8 March 1904 Mather, Sir WilliamSir William Mather Rossendale Lib
1 June 1904 Logan, John WilliamJohn William Logan Harborough Lib
15 June 1904 Mellor, John WilliamJohn William Mellor Sowerby Lib
28 July 1904 Palmer, George WilliamGeorge William Palmer Reading Lib
11 February 1905 Rigg, RichardRichard Rigg Appleby Lib Change of his political opinions different from the leadership of the Liberal Party.[51]
14 February 1906 Gibbs, Hon. AlbanHon. Alban Gibbs City of London Con
19 March 1906 Stevenson, Francis SeymourFrancis Seymour Stevenson Eye Lib
7 June 1906 Clarke, Sir Edward GeorgeSir Edward George Clarke City of London Con
13 October 1906 Devlin, Charles RamsayCharles Ramsay Devlin Galway City IPP In order to travel to Canada[52]
12 February 1907 Bryce, JamesJames Bryce Aberdeen, South Lib Appointed Ambassador to the United States of America[53]
27 April 1907 Hambro, Charles EricCharles Eric Hambro Wimbledon Con To concentrate of business interests.[54]
28 May 1907 Balfour, Charles BarringtonCharles Barrington Balfour Hornsey Con
10 June 1907 O'Hare, PatrickPatrick O'Hare Monaghan North IPP
4 July 1907 Kitson, Bt, Sir JamesSir James Kitson, Bt Colne Valley Lib
21 August 1907 Liddell, HarryHarry Liddell Down, Western Con
30 January 1908 Dolan, CharlesCharles Dolan Leitrim North IPP
28 February 1908 Hill, Lord ArthurLord Arthur Hill Down, Western Con
27 April 1908 Morley, JohnJohn Morley Montrose Burghs Lib
1 June 1908 Whiteley, GeorgeGeorge Whiteley Pudsey Lib
17 November 1908 Rasch, Bt, Sir CarneSir Carne Rasch, Bt Mid Essex Con Ill heath.[55]
11 February 1909 Boyle, Bt, Sir EdwardSir Edward Boyle, Bt Taunton Con Ill health.[56]
8 April 1909 Kincaid-Smith, ThomasThomas Kincaid-Smith Stratford-on-Avon Lib To seek the decision of his constituents on the question of the adoption of military training.[57]
12 May 1909 McIver, Bt, Sir LewisSir Lewis McIver, Bt Edinburgh, West LU
21 February 1910 Foster, Sir BalthazarSir Balthazar Foster Ilkeston Lib In order to allow J. E. B. Seely to return to Parliament[58]
3 February 1911 Fuller, Bt, Sir JohnSir John Fuller, Bt Westbury Lib Appointed Governor of Victoria[59]
13 March 1911 Sandys, ThomasThomas Sandys Bootle Con
15 April 1911 Soares, ErnestErnest Soares Barnstaple Lib
26 June 1911 Corbett, ArchibaldArchibald Corbett Glasgow, Tradeston Lib On being created 1st Baron Rowallan.[60]
28 June 1911 Akers-Douglas, AretasAretas Akers-Douglas St. Augustine's LU On being created 1st Viscount Chilston.[60]
5 July 1911 Frewen, MoretonMoreton Frewen Cork, North Eastern AFIL Objection of the Parliament Bill.[61]
20 July 1911 Pickersgill, EdwardEdward Pickersgill Bethnal Green, South West Lib On appointment as a stipendiary magistrate.[62]
1 March 1912 Arkwright, John StanhopeJohn Stanhope Arkwright Hereford Con
8 March 1912 Keswick, WilliamWilliam Keswick Epsom Con
10 April 1912 Morrison, JamesJames Morrison Nottingham East Con
4 June 1912 Wilson, HenryHenry Wilson Holmfirth Lib
4 November 1912 Peel, Hon. WilliamHon. William Peel Taunton Con On becoming the 2nd Viscount Peel on the death of his father.[63]
20 January 1913 Hamilton, The Marquess ofThe Marquess of Hamilton Londonderry City Con On becoming the 3rd Duke of Abercorn on the death of his father.[64]
1 May 1913 Kebty-Fletcher, JohnJohn Kebty-Fletcher Altrincham Con Ill health.[65]
17 June 1913 Crawshay-Williams, EliotEliot Crawshay-Williams Leicester Lib On being divorced.[66]
11 February 1914 Munro-Ferguson, RonaldRonald Munro-Ferguson Leith Burghs Lib Appointed Governor-General of Australia[67]
23 June 1914 Gordon, JohnJohn Gordon Brighton Con Ill health.[68]
11 February 1915[69] Kyffin-Taylor, GeraldGerald Kyffin-Taylor Liverpool, Kirkdale Con Military commitments in the 1st West Lancs. Brigade Royal Field Artillery[70]
13 October 1915 Sanderson, Sir LancelotSir Lancelot Sanderson Appleby Con On appointment as Chief Justice of the High Court of Judicature in Calcutta.[71]
3 January 1916 Norton, CecilCecil Norton Newington, West Lib On becoming the 1st Baron Rathcreedan.[72]
8 January 1916 Beresford, Lord CharlesLord Charles Beresford Portsmouth Con On becoming the 1st Baron Beresford.[73]
18 February 1916 Lyttelton, Hon. JohnHon. John Lyttelton Droitwich LU
23 February 1916 Lawson, Bt, Sir WilfridSir Wilfrid Lawson, Bt Cockermouth Lib
24 February 1916 Taylor, ThomasThomas Taylor Bolton Lib
13 March 1916 Neilson, FrancisFrancis Neilson Hyde Lib
7 July 1916 Grey, Bt, Sir EdwardSir Edward Grey, Bt Berwick-on-Tweed Lib
21 August 1916 Henderson, Hon. HaroldHon. Harold Henderson Abingdon Con Appointed military secretary to the Duke of Devonshire, who was to become Governor General of Canada in November 1916[74]
16 October 1916 Fetherstonhaugh, GodfreyGodfrey Fetherstonhaugh Fermanagh, Northern Con Ill health.[75]
16 December 1916 Aitken, Bt, Sir MaxSir Max Aitken, Bt Ashton-under-Lyne LU
21 December 1916 Roe, Sir ThomasSir Thomas Roe Derby Lib On becoming the 1st Baron Roe.[76]
21 December 1916 Samuel, Bt, Sir StuartSir Stuart Samuel, Bt Tower Hamlets, Whitechapel Lib
14 February 1917 Newdegate, FrancisFrancis Newdegate Tamworth Con Appointed Governor of Tasmania[77]
24 March 1917 Esslemont, George BirnieGeorge Birnie Esslemont Aberdeen South Lib Ill health[78]
18 June 1917 Chaloner, RichardRichard Chaloner Liverpool Abercromby Con On becoming the 1st Baron Gisborough.[79]
19 July 1917 Paget, AlmericAlmeric Paget Cambridge Con
15 January 1918 Cawley, Bt, Sir FrederickSir Frederick Cawley, Bt Prestwich Lib On becoming 1st Baron Cawley.[80]
27 May 1918 Parker, Bt, Sir GilbertSir Gilbert Parker, Bt Gravesend Con Ill health.[80]
15 October 1918 Cochrane, CecilCecil Cochrane South Shields Lib
13 February 1919 Anderson, HughHugh Anderson Londonderry, Northern Con
18 August 1919 Walker, WilliamWilliam Walker Widnes Co Con
28 October 1919 Malcolm, Sir IanSir Ian Malcolm Croydon, South Co Con
20 November 1919 Carlile, Bt, Sir HildredSir Hildred Carlile, Bt St Albans Co Con
2 February 1920 Weigall, ArchibaldArchibald Weigall Horncastle Co Con On appointment as Governor of South Australia.[81]
11 February 1920 Rogers, Sir HallewellSir Hallewell Rogers Birmingham Moseley Co Con
16 February 1920 Dalziel, Bt, Sir HenrySir Henry Dalziel, Bt Kircaldy Co Lib
15 March 1920 Geddes, Sir AucklandSir Auckland Geddes Basingstoke Co Con Appointed Ambassador to the United States[82]
2 June 1920 Smith, AlbertAlbert Smith Nelson and Colne Lab
14 July 1920 Richards, ThomasThomas Richards Ebbw Vale Lab
30 November 1920 Abraham, WilliamWilliam Abraham Rhondda, West Lab
22 December 1920 Pulley, Charles ThorntonCharles Thornton Pulley Hereford Co Con
13 April 1921 Lyon, LauranceLaurance Lyon Hastings Co Con
27 April 1921 Lowther, Hon. JamesHon. James Lowther Penrith and Cockermouth Co Con
24 May 1921 Illingworth, AlbertAlbert Illingworth Heywood and Radcliffe Co Lib
27 May 1921 Billing, Noel PembertonNoel Pemberton Billing Hertford Ind
23 February 1922 Geddes, Sir Eric CampbellSir Eric Campbell Geddes Cambridge Co Con
2 May 1922 Cros, Bt, Sir Arthur duSir Arthur du Cros, Bt Wandsworth, Clapham Co Con
12 June 1922 Williamson, Bt, Sir ArchibaldSir Archibald Williamson, Bt Moray and Nairn Co Lib
12 February 1923 Pease, HerbertHerbert Pease Darlington Con
14 February 1923 Mallaby-Deeley, Bt, Sir HarrySir Harry Mallaby-Deeley, Bt Willesden, East Con
26 July 1923 Wilson, Leslie OrmeLeslie Orme Wilson Portsmouth, South Con Appointed Governor of Bombay[83]
18 January 1924 Banbury, Bt, Sir FrederickSir Frederick Banbury, Bt City of London Con
18 June 1924 Campion, WilliamWilliam Campion Lewes Con
25 May 1925 Lloyd, Sir George AmbroseSir George Ambrose Lloyd Eastbourne Con
11 November 1925 Wood, Hon. E. F. L.Hon. E. F. L. Wood Ripon Con
14 April 1926 Gaunt, Sir GuySir Guy Gaunt Buckrose Con Cited as co-respondent in the divorce case between Sir Richard Cruise and his wife[84]
29 June 1926 Hastings, Sir PatrickSir Patrick Hastings Wallsend Lab
3 November 1926 Jackson, Hon. StanleyHon. Stanley Jackson Howdenshire Con
4 November 1926 Curtis-Bennett, Sir HenrySir Henry Curtis-Bennett Chelmsford Con Sued for divorce by his wife[85]
15 February 1927 Benn, William WedgwoodWilliam Wedgwood Benn Leith Lib Leaving the Liberal Party
9 May 1927 Gee, RobertRobert Gee Bosworth Con
4 November 1927 McNeill, RonaldRonald McNeill Canterbury Con
8 June 1928 Remnant, Bt, Sir JamesSir James Remnant, Bt Holborn Co Con
20 June 1928 Whitley, John HenryJohn Henry Whitley Halifax Lib
11 November 1929 Iliffe, Sir EdwardSir Edward Iliffe Tamworth Con
7 May 1930 Bennett, Sir AlbertSir Albert Bennett Nottingham, Central Con
16 January 1931 Mond, Hon. HenryHon. Henry Mond Liverpool, East Toxteth Con
4 February 1931 Jones, Thomas Isaac MardyThomas Isaac Mardy Jones Pontypridd Lab Found to have allowed his wife and daughter to use House of Commons rail travel vouchers[86]
19 March 1931 Snell, HenryHenry Snell Woolwich, East Lab
1 May 1931 Nelson, Sir FrankSir Frank Nelson Stroud Con To focus on business interests[87]
25 February 1932 Thom, John GibbJohn Gibb Thom Dunbartonshire Con On appointment as Puisne Judge of the High Court of Judicature of Allahabad.[88]
11 April 1932 Rodd, Sir RennellSir Rennell Rodd St. Marylebone Con Decided to retire from the strenuous life of Parliament, he was aged in his early 70s.[89]
4 July 1932 Nicholson, OthoOtho Nicholson Westminster, Abbey Con
9 August 1933 Castle Stewart, The EarlThe Earl Castle Stewart Harborough Con Ill health.[90]
23 April 1934 Chotzner, AlfredAlfred Chotzner Upton Con Ill health.[91]
28 January 1935 Wilson, GodfreyGodfrey Wilson Cambridge University Con
17 June 1935 Grenfell, EdwardEdward Grenfell City of London Con
18 February 1936 Cochrane, Hon. ArchibaldHon. Archibald Cochrane Dunbartonshire Con
11 June 1936 Butt, Bt, Sir AlfredSir Alfred Butt, Bt Wandsworth, Balham and Tooting Con
1 July 1936 Cautley, Bt, Sir HenrySir Henry Cautley, Bt East Grinstead Con
13 January 1937 Ray, WilliamWilliam Ray Richmond Con
29 January 1937 Cecil, Lord HughLord Hugh Cecil Oxford University Con
14 April 1937 Lumley, RogerRoger Lumley York Con
27 May 1937 Preston, Sir WalterSir Walter Preston Cheltenham Con
1 June 1937 Davidson, Sir J. C. C.Sir J. C. C. Davidson Hemel Hempstead Con
7 June 1937 Hamilton, GeorgeGeorge Hamilton Ilford Con
2 May 1938 Beaumont, MichaelMichael Beaumont Aylesbury Con
8 March 1939 Barclay-Harvey, MalcolmMalcolm Barclay-Harvey Kincardine and Western Aberdeenshire Con On appointment as Governor of South Australia.[92]
29 June 1939 Cayzer, Bt, Sir HerbertSir Herbert Cayzer, Bt Portsmouth, South Con On becoming 1st Baron Rotherwick.[93]
11 October 1939 Rosbotham, Sir Sam TomSir Sam Tom Rosbotham Ormskirk N Lab On reaching the age of 75.[94]
28 November 1939 Lane-Mitchell, Sir WilliamSir William Lane-Mitchell Wandsworth, Streatham Con
26 January 1940 Williams, DavidDavid Williams Swansea, East Lab
7 February 1940 Jones, John JosephJohn Joseph Jones West Ham, Silvertown Lab Ill health and failing eyesight.[95]
2 April 1940 Sanders, WilliamWilliam Sanders Battersea, North Lab Ill health.[96]
1 June 1940 Mason, Hon. GlynHon. Glyn Mason Croydon, North Con
24 June 1940 Kerr, CharlesCharles Kerr Montrose Burghs L Nat
12 July 1940 Kelly, WilliamWilliam Kelly Rochdale Lab Ill health.[97]
11 November 1940 Manningham-Buller, Bt, Sir MervynSir Mervyn Manningham-Buller, Bt Northampton Con
10 February 1941 Dorman-Smith, Sir ReginaldSir Reginald Dorman-Smith Petersfield Con On appointment as Governor of Burma.[98]
9 June 1941 Colfox, Bt, Sir PhilipSir Philip Colfox, Bt Dorset, Western Con
18 August 1941 Latham, Bt, Sir PaulSir Paul Latham, Bt Scarborough Con On being arrested and sent for court-martial.[99]
24 November 1941 Guy, JamesJames Guy Edinburgh, Central Con
9 April 1942 Margesson, DavidDavid Margesson Rugby Con
6 July 1942 Batey, JosephJoseph Batey Spennymoor Lab
14 January 1943 Spens, Sir PatrickSir Patrick Spens Ashford Con
3 June 1943 Gretton, JohnJohn Gretton Burton Con
17 January 1944 Rawson, Sir Alfred CooperSir Alfred Cooper Rawson Brighton Con
24 January 1944 Hunloke, HenryHenry Hunloke Derbyshire, Western Con
6 March 1945 Morrison, GeorgeGeorge Morrison Combined Scottish Universities L Nat
10 May 1946 Adamson, JennieJennie Adamson Bexley Lab Appointed Deputy Chairman of the Unemployment Assistance Board[100]
12 September 1946 Smith, Sir BenjaminSir Benjamin Smith Bermondsey, Rotherhithe Lab Appointed Chairman of the West Midlands Divisional Coal Board, under the National Coal Board[101]
11 October 1946 Smith, TomTom Smith Normanton Lab Appointed Labour director of the North-Eastern Divisional Coal Board, under the National Coal Board[102]
22 October 1946 Mason-Macfarlane, NoelNoel Mason-Macfarlane Paddington, North Lab Ill health[103]
20 October 1947 Glossop, CliffordClifford Glossop Howdenshire Con Ill health[104]
29 January 1948 Willink, HenryHenry Willink Croydon, North Con Appointed Master of Magdalene College, Cambridge[105]
6 April 1948 Martin, John HanburyJohn Hanbury Martin Southwark, Central Lab Ill health[106]
8 February 1949 Belcher, JohnJohn Belcher Sowerby Lab Found to have accepted gifts from a "fixer" to influence his conduct as a minister[107]
20 March 1950 Morris, HarryHarry Morris Sheffield, Neepsend Lab Vacating his seat so that Solicitor-General Sir Frank Soskice could return to Parliament[108]
3 February 1951 Cross, Bt, Sir RonaldSir Ronald Cross, Bt Ormskirk Con Appointed Governor of Tasmania[109]
30 March 1951 Bower, NormanNorman Bower Harrow, West Con Ill health[110]
8 October 1952 Gage, ConollyConolly Gage Belfast, South Con Ill health[111]
12 January 1953 White, John BakerJohn Baker White Canterbury Con Ill health[112]
31 January 1953 Ayles, WalterWalter Ayles Hayes and Harlington Lab Ill health[113]
3 June 1953 Glyn, Bt, Sir RalphSir Ralph Glyn, Bt Abingdon Con Created a Baron (Coronation honours list); vacating his seat to allow an early election[114]
14 October 1953 Bullock, MalcolmMalcolm Bullock Crosby Con Ill health[115]
8 January 1954 Cranborne, ViscountViscount Cranborne Bournemouth, West Con Ill health[116]
12 February 1954 York, ChristopherChristopher York Harrogate Con Ill health[117]
5 November 1954 Harden, RichardRichard Harden Armagh Con Giving up a political career in order to concentrate on farming the family estate[118]
22 March 1955 Acland, Bt, Sir RichardSir Richard Acland, Bt Gravesend Lab Seeking re-election as a candidate opposed to British development of the Hydrogen bomb[119]
16 November 1956 Nutting, AnthonyAnthony Nutting Melton Con Opposed to Government policy on the Suez Crisis[120]
11 January 1957 Eden, Sir AnthonySir Anthony Eden Warwick and Leamington Con Ill health; had retired as Prime Minister[121]
29 October 1957 Waterhouse, CharlesCharles Waterhouse Leicester, South East Con Concentrating on business life involving frequent visits to Africa[122]
1 April 1958 Shawcross, Sir HartleySir Hartley Shawcross St. Helens Lab Unable to devote his full-time to Parliamentary activities[123]
24 November 1958 Harvey, IanIan Harvey Harrow, East Con Charged with gross indecency with a Coldstream guardsman in St James's Park[124]
8 June 1961 Carmichael, JamesJames Carmichael Glasgow, Bridgeton Lab Ill health[125]
13 December 1961 Freitas, Sir Geoffrey deSir Geoffrey de Freitas Lincoln Lab Appointed High Commissioner to Ghana[126]
7 March 1962 Wakefield, EdwardEdward Wakefield West Derbyshire Con Appointed High Commissioner to Malta[127]
1 August 1963 St Clair, MalcolmMalcolm St Clair Bristol, South East Con Resigned to allow Tony Benn, again eligible for election, to regain his seat
19 March 1965 Jones, AubreyAubrey Jones Birmingham, Hall Green Con Appointed Chairman of the Prices and Incomes Board[128]
5 December 1966 Cousins, FrankFrank Cousins Nuneaton Lab Concentrating on work as General Secretary of the Transport and General Workers' Union
25 October 1967 Crawley, AidanAidan Crawley West Derbyshire Con Appointed Chairman of London Weekend Television[129]
25 July 1968 Crosthwaite-Eyre, OliverOliver Crosthwaite-Eyre New Forest Con Ill health[130]
2 April 1970 Owen, WillWill Owen Morpeth Lab Charged under the Official Secrets Act
3 February 1971 Alldritt, WalterWalter Alldritt Liverpool, Scotland Lab Appointed Regional Secretary, National Union of General and Municipal Workers[131]
16 October 1972 Taverne, DickDick Taverne Lincoln Lab Seeking re-election on leaving the Labour Party[132]
16 February 1973 Foley, MauriceMaurice Foley West Bromwich Lab Appointed Deputy Director General for Development by the European Community[133]
11 February 1976 Lloyd, SelwynSelwyn Lloyd Wirral Con Retiring as Speaker of the House of Commons[134]
12 October 1976 Short, EdwardEdward Short Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Central Lab Appointed Chairman of Cable & Wireless[135]
5 January 1977 Tugendhat, ChristopherChristopher Tugendhat City of London and Westminster South Con Appointed a member of the European Commission[136]
5 January 1977 Marquand, DavidDavid Marquand Ashfield Lab Appointed Chief Advisor to the President of the European Commission[137]
25 July 1977 Cordle, JohnJohn Cordle Bournemouth East Con Found in contempt of the House (Poulson scandal)[138]
6 November 1978 Davies, JohnJohn Davies Knutsford Con Ill health[139]
5 May 1982 Douglas-Mann, BruceBruce Douglas-Mann Mitcham and Morden Lab Seeking re-election on joining the Social Democratic Party[140]
19 January 1984 Varley, EricEric Varley Chesterfield Lab Appointed Executive Deputy Chairman of Coalite plc[141]
17 December 1985 Paisley, IanIan Paisley North Antrim DUP Seeking re-election in protest at the Anglo-Irish Agreement[142]
17 December 1985 Forsythe, CliffordClifford Forsythe South Antrim UUP Seeking re-election in protest at the Anglo-Irish Agreement[142]
17 December 1985 Maginnis, KenKen Maginnis Fermanagh and South Tyrone UUP Seeking re-election in protest at the Anglo-Irish Agreement[142]
17 December 1985 Robinson, PeterPeter Robinson Belfast East DUP Seeking re-election in protest at the Anglo-Irish Agreement[142]
17 December 1985 Smyth, MartinMartin Smyth Belfast, South UUP Seeking re-election in protest at the Anglo-Irish Agreement[142]
17 December 1985 Walker, CecilCecil Walker Belfast, North UUP Seeking re-election in protest at the Anglo-Irish Agreement[142]
17 December 1985 Powell, EnochEnoch Powell South Down UUP Seeking re-election in protest at the Anglo-Irish Agreement[142]
17 April 1986 Parris, MatthewMatthew Parris West Derbyshire Con Appointed as a presenter of Weekend World
1 October 1986 Kilroy-Silk, RobertRobert Kilroy-Silk Knowsley North Lab Appointed as a presenter of Day To Day
31 December 1988 Brittan, LeonLeon Brittan Richmond Con Appointed as a member of the European Commission
16 May 1994 Gould, BryanBryan Gould Dagenham Lab Appointed Vice-Chancellor of the University of Waikato[143]
27 October 1997 Merchant, PiersPiers Merchant Beckenham Con Revelations of an affair with a 17-year old nightclub hostess[144]

2000 to present[edit]

Date Member Constituency Party Reason for resignation
10 January 2000 Dafis, CynogCynog Dafis Ceredigion PC Elected a member of the National Assembly for Wales[145]
21 November 2000 Canavan, DennisDennis Canavan Falkirk West Lab Elected a Member of the Scottish Parliament[146]
8 September 2004 Mandelson, PeterPeter Mandelson Hartlepool Lab Appointed as a member of the European Commission[147]
4 June 2008 Johnson, BorisBoris Johnson Henley Con Elected Mayor of London[148]
30 June 2008 Marshall, DavidDavid Marshall Glasgow East Lab Ill health[149]
22 June 2009 Martin, MichaelMichael Martin Glasgow North East Lab Retiring as Speaker of the House of Commons[150]
26 January 2011 Adams, GerryGerry Adams Belfast West SF In order to stand in the 2011 Irish general election[151][152][153]
1 April 2011 Soulsby, PeterPeter Soulsby Leicester South Lab In order to stand for election as Mayor of Leicester[154][155]
29 August 2012 Mensch, LouiseLouise Mensch Corby Con Moving to New York for family reasons[156]
22 October 2012[157] Lloyd, TonyTony Lloyd Manchester Central Lab In order to stand for election as Police and Crime Commissioner for Greater Manchester Police Force Area[158]
2 January 2013[159] McGuinness, MartinMartin McGuinness Mid Ulster SF Resigning to end 'double-jobbing' as Member of Parliament and Member of the Northern Ireland Assembly[160]
15 April 2013[161] Miliband, DavidDavid Miliband South Shields Lab In order to take up post as head of the International Rescue Committee in New York

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General
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