List of Shudra Hindu saints

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There have been influential people born into Shudra families who through their devotion to God became Hindu saints.

Saints

Name Ethnicity Caste Sect Compositions Other significance
Dhoyin Bengali Weaver[1] Vaishnava He wrote the Pavanaduta and his other verses are also found in the anthologies like Sadukti-Karnamrita, Subhashita-muktavali, and Sarangadhara-paddhati. He belonged to the court of Lakshman Sen, the King of Bengal.
Dukhiram Pal (also Mulicarid Pal) Bengali Gopi (Milkman)[2] Vaishnava (Sahebdhani) Founder of the Sahebdhani Vaishnava sect, and took Muslims as disciples as well.
Dadu Dayal Gujarati Dhunia (Cotton-carder)[3] Vaishnava (Nirguna Sampradaya - Dadu Panth) Founded Dadu Panth, and tried to bridge gap between Hindus and Muslims.
Gadge Maharaj (also Debuji Zhingraji Janorkar) Marathi Kunbi[4] Vaishnava (devotee of Vithala)
Gulabrao Maharaj Marathi Kunbi He taught the Vedas to the Brahmins.
Ilakkulaccanrar Tamil Shanar[5] (Toddy-tapper) Shaiva
Jagannath Mahiti Oriya Karan[6] Vaishnava
Kashinath Mahiti Oriya Karan[7] Vaishnava His name is mentioned in the Vaishnava bandanas of Jiva Goswami.
Kumari Molla Telugu Molla (Potter)[8] Vaishnava (devotee of Rama) Wrote the Ramayanumu.
Kaliyan Tamil Oil-monger[9] Saiva
Kanaka Dasa Kannada Kuruba[10] or Beda[11] Vaishnava (devotee of Krishna and Beeraiah)
Kuba Punjabi Kumhar (Potter)[12] Vaishnava
Kanchipurna[13] Tamil Vaishnava (devotee of Vishnu) Disciple of Yamunacarya
Kuripputondar Tamil Vannan (Washerman)[14] Shaiva
Maraner Nambi[13] Vaishnava (devotee of Vishnu) Disciple of Yamunacarya
Matsyendranath (also Minanath) Nepali Said to be born out of a fish and then adopted by a fisherwoman[15] Shaiva (Nath Sampradaya) Worshiped by Shaivas, Vaishnavas, Tantrics[disambiguation needed] and Buddhists
Mitho Gujarati Dhadhi[16] Vaishnava
Munna Das Goldsmith[17] Vaishnava (Apapanthi) Founded the Apapanthi sect of Vaishnavas that worship Lord Rama.
Namdev Marathi Shimpi (Weaver)[18] Vaishnava (Varkari devotee of Vithoba) Wrote Abhangs devoted to Krishna. It is said that he is a part (Amsa) of Lord Krishna.
Nammalvar[19] Tamil Cultivator Vaishnava (devotee of Krishna) Thiruvaymozhi, 1102 verses; Thiruvasiriyam, 7 verses; Thiruvirutham, 100 verses; Periya Thiruvandhadhi, 87 verses.
Nandanar[20] Tamil Pulaya[21] Shaiva One of 63 Nayanars.
Narahari Tamil Sunar (Goldsmith)[22] Vaishnava (devotee of Krishna) Wrote Abhangs devoted to Krishna.
Neelan Tamil Kuyavan (Potter)[23] Vaishnava Powerful warrior and king of Thirumangai (part of the Chola Empire)
Nesar Tamil Weaver[24] Shaiva Nayanar devotee of Shiva, one of 63 Shaivite saints.
Nishkulanand Swami (also Lalji Suthar) Gujarati Suthar[25] Vaishnava (Swami Narayan) About 20 books and 3000 verses are ascribed to him. Among the books are Purushottam Prakash, Yama-danda, Bhakta-chintamani, Dhirajakhyam.
Rajjab Hindi Cotton-carder[26] Vaishnava (Nirguna Sampradaya - Dadu Panth) Disciple of Sant Dadu Dayal devotee of Rama.
Rami Janabai Marathi Dasi[27] Vaishnava (Devotee of Rama) Domestic servant in Namdev's home, and performed Vatsalya Bhakti on Lord Rama.
Sant Tanu Pal Bengali Mahishya[28] Tantric
Tirunilajantayalppanan Tamil Musician and singer[24] Saiva
Vyas-octas Descendants of a Shudra raised to the rank of a Brahman by Vyasa Muni[29]

See also

References

  1. ^ P. 210 Sekasubhodaya of Halāyudha Miśra: Translated Into English and Edited with Notes and Introduction by Halāyudhamiśra
  2. ^ P. 339 Medieval Bhakti Movements in India: Śrī Caitanya Quincentenary Commemoration Volume by Chaitanya
  3. ^ Dadu Dayal
  4. ^ p. 10 Contribution of Upasani Baba to Indian culture S. N. Tipnis
  5. ^ Hindu Tamil Saints: Alwars and Nayanmaars of South India
  6. ^ P. 83 The Bhakti Movement in Orissa: A Comprehensive History by Achintya Kumar Deb
  7. ^ P. 85 The Bhakti Movement in Orissa: A Comprehensive History by Achintya Kumar Deb
  8. ^ P. 406 Bhāratīya Saṃskr̥ti, Volume 2 by Prabhākara Mācave
  9. ^ P. 176 Tamil Literature By Kamil Zvelebil
  10. ^ p. 125 Annals of oriental research, Volume 32, Part 1 By University of Madras,
  11. ^ p. 5 Priceless gold: the life and works of Sri Kanakadasa, the singer-saint of Karnataka By L. S. Seshagiri Rao
  12. ^ p. 46 Pottery-Making Cultures And Indian Civilization By Saraswati Baidyanath
  13. ^ a b P. 98 A history of Indian philosophy, Volume 3 By Surendranath Dasgupta
  14. ^ P. 212 Historical Dictionary of the Tamils By Vijaya Ramaswamy
  15. ^ Bista, p. 34 Fatalism and Development: Nepal's Struggle for Modernization
  16. ^ P. 578 Literary Cultures in History: Reconstructions from South Asia edited by Sheldon I. Pollock
  17. ^ P. 27, Survey of India's social life and economic condition in the eighteenth century, 1707-1813, by Kalikinkar Datta
  18. ^ p. 126 A Social Charter For India: Citizens Perspective Of Basic Rights By Dubey Muchkund
  19. ^ p. 49 Temples of Kr̥ṣṇa in South India: history, art, and traditions in Tamilnāḍu By T. Padmaja
  20. ^ p. 14 Nandanar, the Dalit martyr: a historical reconstruction of his times By Sundararaj Manickam
  21. ^ P. 212 Historical Dictionary of the Tamils By Vijaya Ramaswamy
  22. ^ p. 31 Sages Through Ages - Volume IV: India's Heritage By K. K. Nair
  23. ^ P. 212 Historical Dictionary of the Tamils By Vijaya Ramaswamy
  24. ^ a b P. 176 Tamil Literature By Kamil Zvelebil
  25. ^ A Dictionary of Indian Literature, Volume 1 By Sujit Mukherjee
  26. ^ Ayyappapanicker & Akademi, p. 465 Medieval Indian Literature
  27. ^ p. 216 Images of women in Maharashtrian literature and religion By Anne Feldhaus
  28. ^ P. 101 Caste, culture, and hegemony: social domination in colonial Bengal By Śekhara Bandyopādhyāẏa
  29. ^ P. 354, Encyclopædia metropolitana; or, Universal dictionary of knowledge, ed. by E, by Encyclopaedia