List of Sunderland A.F.C. managers

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Peter Reid, manager of Sunderland from 1995 to 2002, gained the club's highest league finish since 1955.

Sunderland Association Football Club was founded in 1879. After turning professional in 1886, the club appointed Tom Watson as their first manager, and under Watson the team won the Football League First Division three times in four seasons.[1] The percentage of games won under Watson remains the highest of all time for a Sunderland manager. Watson left to manage Liverpool and was replaced by Robert Campbell, but the new manager failed to continue the success of his predecessor. The next three managers, Alex Mackie, Bob Kyle and Johnny Cochrane, each won the First Division title while at the club. Kyle's 817 games in charge, spread over 19 full seasons either side of the First World War, make him Sunderland's longest-serving manager.[2] Cochrane led the club to their first FA Cup victory, beating Preston North End 3–1 in the 1937 final.[3] The closest they had come in previous seasons was as losing finalists in 1913 under Kyle.[4]

After Cochrane, no manager won a trophy until Bob Stokoe led the team to their second FA Cup with a 1–0 win over Leeds United in the 1973 FA Cup Final.[5] Stokoe took Sunderland into European competition for the first time in their history, but they were knocked out in the second round of the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup by Sporting Clube de Portugal.[6] Len Ashurst led Sunderland to their first League Cup final, which they lost 1–0 to Norwich City, but relegation brought him the sack at the end of the season.[7][8] Under Lawrie McMenemy, Sunderland were relegated to the Third Division for the only time in their history.[9] Following this, Denis Smith was named as manager, and saw the club back into the Second Division.[10]

Peter Reid brought Sunderland to the Premier League for the first time in their history in the 1996–97 season, but they were relegated in their debut season.[11] The team progressed as far as the Division One play-off final in 1998, drawing 4–4 after extra time before losing 7–6 on penalties,[12] and went one step further the following season, winning promotion as champions with a record total, at that time, of 105 points.[13] Still led by Reid, they went on to achieve their highest place finish in the Premier League, finishing seventh in two consecutive seasons, and narrowly missed out on a UEFA Cup place.[14] In 2002–03, Sunderland had three different managers, with Reid, Howard Wilkinson and, towards the end of the season, Mick McCarthy; the club ended that season with a then record low total of 19 points.[14] Under McCarthy, a third-place finish in the Championship earned Sunderland a place in the 2003–04 play-offs, only to lose to Crystal Palace in the semi-finals;[15] in 2004–05, they were promoted as champions, clinching the title with a 2–1 win over West Ham.[16] In March 2006, McCarthy was sacked in a season where Sunderland gained just 15 points, breaking their previous record, with former player Kevin Ball taking over as caretaker manager for the remaining games.[17] Following a takeover of the club, incoming chairman Niall Quinn acted as manager until Roy Keane's appointment three weeks into the 2006–07 season.[18] Keane went on to win the Championship title in his first season of management.[19] After keeping the side in the Premier League, he resigned in December 2008 and Ricky Sbragia eventually assumed the role after a spell as caretaker.[20][21] Sbragia resigned immediately after the final match of the 2008–09 season, when Sunderland had achieved survival in the Premier League.[22] Wigan Athletic manager Steve Bruce was appointed as his successor in June 2009.[23] Having spent two-and-a-half years as manager, Bruce was sacked on 30 November 2011.[24] Martin O'Neill, a boyhood fan of the club, was appointed as manager on 3 December 2012. Sunderland's form soon took off, picking up 27 points in O'Neill's first 18 league games in charge, as well as reaching an FA Cup quarter-final. However, the team underperformed during the 2012–13 season, and on 30 March 2013, O'Neill was sacked. The following day on 31 March 2013, Paolo Di Canio was appointed on a two-and-a-half year contract. Di Canio was sacked less than six months later with Sunderland bottom of the Premier League.[25]

Key[edit]

Managers[edit]

As of 20 April 2014. Only professional, competitive matches are counted, including; League, FA Cup, League Cup and other cup competitions. Dates for earlier years are only months because of unclear statistics.
Name Nationality From To M W D L Win % Honours Notes
November 1879 August 1889 12 8 1 3 66.7 [26]
Watson, TomTom Watson  England August 1889 August 1896 191 119 28 44 62.3 Football League First Division champions 1891–92, 1892–93, 1894–95 [27]
Campbell, RobertRobert Campbell  Scotland August 1896 April 1899 103 41 22 40 39.8 [28]
Mackie, AlexAlex Mackie  Scotland August 1899 April 1905 214 104 46 64 48.6 Football League First Division champions 1901–02, Sheriff of London Charity Shield champions 1902–03 [29]
Kyle, BobBob Kyle  Ireland August 1905 May 1928 817 371 155 291 45.4 Football League First Division champions 1912–13 [30]
Cochrane, JohnnyJohnny Cochrane  Scotland June 1928 March 1939 500 212 122 166 42.4 Football League First Division champions 1935–36, FA Cup winners 1936–37 [31]
March 1939 March 1939 5 2 0 3 40.0 [26]
Murray, BillBill Murray  Scotland April 1939 June 1957 512 186 140 186 36.3 [32]
Brown, AlanAlan Brown  England August 1957 July 1964 332 138 88 106 41.6 [33]
August 1964 November 1964 18 3 6 9 16.7 [26]
Hardwick, GeorgeGeorge Hardwick (caretaker)  England November 1964 April 1965 29 14 3 12 48.3 [34]
McColl, IanIan McColl  Scotland August 1965 February 1968 124 39 27 58 31.5 [35]
Brown, AlanAlan Brown  England February 1968 November 1972 219 63 68 88 28.8 [33]
Elliott, BillyBilly Elliott (caretaker)  England November 1972 November 1972 4 0 2 2 00.0 [36]
Stokoe, BobBob Stokoe  England 23 November 1972 18 October 1976 197 92 49 56 46.7 FA Cup winners 1972–73, Football League Second Division champions 1975–76 [37]
MacFarlane, IanIan MacFarlane (caretaker)  Scotland 18 October 1976 1 December 1976 7 2 1 4 28.6 [38]
Adamson, JimmyJimmy Adamson  England 1 December 1976 25 October 1978 88 29 28 31 33.0 [39]
Merrington, DavidDavid Merrington (caretaker)  England 25 October 1978 13 December 1978 8 4 2 2 50.0 [40]
Elliott, BillyBilly Elliott  England 13 December 1978 24 May 1979 26 14 7 5 53.8 [36]
Knighton, KenKen Knighton  England 7 June 1979 1 April 1981 94 34 25 35 36.2 [41]
Docherty, MickMick Docherty (caretaker)  England 1 April 1981 1 June 1981 4 2 0 2 50.0 [42]
Durban, AlanAlan Durban  Wales 1 June 1981 2 March 1984 130 37 40 53 28.5 [43]
Robson, PopPop Robson (caretaker)  England 2 March 1984 4 March 1984 1 0 1 0 00.0 [44]
Ashurst, LenLen Ashurst  England 4 March 1984 23 May 1985 66 21 16 29 31.8 [45]
McMenemy, LawrieLawrie McMenemy  England 8 June 1985 16 April 1987 90 27 24 39 30.0 [46]
Stokoe, BobBob Stokoe (caretaker)  England 16 April 1987 9 June 1987 9 3 2 4 33.3 [37]
Smith, DenisDenis Smith  England 9 June 1987 30 December 1991 238 91 64 83 38.2 Football League Third Division champions 1987–88 [47]
Crosby, MalcolmMalcolm Crosby  England 30 December 1991 28 January 1993 60 21 15 24 35.0 [48]
Butcher, TerryTerry Butcher  England 29 January 1993 26 November 1993 45 14 8 23 31.1 [49]
Buxton, MickMick Buxton  England 26 November 1993 29 March 1995 76 25 24 27 32.9 [50]
Reid, PeterPeter Reid  England 29 March 1995 7 October 2002 353 159 95 99 45.0 Football League First Division champions 1995–96, 1998–99 [51]
Wilkinson, HowardHoward Wilkinson  England 10 October 2002 10 March 2003 27 4 8 15 14.8 [52]
McCarthy, MickMick McCarthy  Ireland 12 March 2003 6 March 2006 147 63 26 58 42.9 Football League Championship champions 2004–05 [53]
Ball, KevinKevin Ball (caretaker)  England 7 March 2006 31 May 2006 10 1 2 7 10.0 [54]
Quinn, NiallNiall Quinn  Ireland 25 July 2006 30 August 2006 6 1 0 5 16.7 [55]
Keane, RoyRoy Keane  Ireland 30 August 2006 4 December 2008 100 42 17 41 42.0 Football League Championship champions 2006–07 [56]
Sbragia, RickyRicky Sbragia  Scotland 4 December 2008 24 May 2009 26 6 7 13 23.1 [57]
Bruce, SteveSteve Bruce  England 3 June 2009 30 November 2011 98 29 28 41 29.6 [58]
Black, EricEric Black (caretaker)  Scotland 30 November 2011 3 December 2011 1 0 0 1 00.0 [59]
O'Neill, MartinMartin O'Neill  Northern Ireland 3 December 2011 March 30, 2013 54 19 16 19 35.2 [60]
Di Canio, PaoloPaolo Di Canio  Italy 31 March 2013 22 September 2013 13 3 3 7 23.1
Ball, KevinKevin Ball (caretaker)  England 22 September 2013 8 October 2013 3 1 0 2 33.3 [61]
Poyet, GusGus Poyet  Uruguay 8 October 2013 Present 36 13 7 16 36.1 [62]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Past Manager Profile — Tom Watson". Liverpool F.C. Archived from the original on 16 February 2008. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  2. ^ "Sunderland AFC Manager Summaries". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  3. ^ "FA Cup Final 1937". FA Cup Finals. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  4. ^ "FA Cup Final 1913". FA Cup Finals. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  5. ^ "FA Cup Final 1973". FA Cup Finals. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  6. ^ "1973–74 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup". UEFA. Archived from the original on 25 March 2008. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  7. ^ "England — League Cup Finals 1961–2001". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 1 July 2008. 
  8. ^ "Past Managers 1979–1985". Sunderland A.F.C. Retrieved 4 July 2008. 
  9. ^ "Past Managers — Lawrie McMenemy". Sunderland A.F.C. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  10. ^ "1980–99". Sunderland A.F.C. Retrieved 1 July 2008. 
  11. ^ "1996/97 season". Premier League. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 1 July 2008. 
  12. ^ "Championship Play-Off — Final". Soccerbase. Retrieved 1 July 2008. 
  13. ^ "1990–1999". Sunderland A.F.C. Archived from the original on 4 January 2005. Retrieved 1 July 2008. 
  14. ^ a b "Sunderland AFC". Premier League. Retrieved 1 July 2008. 
  15. ^ "Football Club History Database — Sunderland". Football Club History Database. Retrieved 1 July 2008. 
  16. ^ Rej, Arindam (40 April 2005). "Football: Championship: Elliott sends Sunderland up as champions". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 1 July 2008. 
  17. ^ "Sunderland sack manager McCarthy". BBC Sport. 6 March 2006. Retrieved 1 July 2008. 
  18. ^ "Keane becomes new Sunderland boss". BBC Sport. 28 August 2006. Retrieved 4 July 2008. 
  19. ^ Andrew McKenzie (29 April 2007). "Quinn astonished by Keane success". BBC Sport. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  20. ^ "Keane resigns as Sunderland boss". BBC Sport. 4 December 2008. Retrieved 4 December 2008. 
  21. ^ "Sbragia appointed Sunderland boss". BBC Sport. 27 December 2008. Retrieved 27 December 2008. 
  22. ^ "Sbragia resigns from Sunderland". BBC Sport. 25 May 2009. Retrieved 25 May 2009. 
  23. ^ "Bruce named as Sunderland manager". BBC Sport. 3 June 2009. Retrieved 3 June 2009. 
  24. ^ "Sunderland part company with manager". Sunderland A.F.C. 30 November 2011. Retrieved 30 November 2011. 
  25. ^ "Paolo Di Canio: Sunderland part company with Italian". BBC Sport. 22 September 2013. Retrieved 22 September 2013. 
  26. ^ a b c "Managerless Period". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 29 June 2008. 
  27. ^ "Tom Watson". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 29 June 2008. 
  28. ^ "Robert Campbell". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 29 June 2008. 
  29. ^ "Alex Mackie". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 29 June 2008. 
  30. ^ "Bob Kyle". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 29 June 2008. 
  31. ^ "Johnny Cochrane". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 29 June 2008. 
  32. ^ "Bill Murray". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 29 June 2008. 
  33. ^ a b "Alan Brown". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  34. ^ "George Hardwick". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  35. ^ "Ian McColl". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  36. ^ a b "Billy Elliott". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  37. ^ a b "Bob Stokoe". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  38. ^ "Ian MacFarlane". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  39. ^ "Jimmy Adamson". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  40. ^ "David Merrington". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  41. ^ "Ken Knighton". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  42. ^ "Mick Docherty". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  43. ^ "Alan Durban". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  44. ^ "Pop Robson". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  45. ^ "Len Ashurst". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  46. ^ "Lawrie McMenemy". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  47. ^ "Denis Smith". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  48. ^ "Malcolm Crosby". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  49. ^ "Terry Butcher". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  50. ^ "Mick Buxton". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  51. ^ "Peter Reid". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  52. ^ "Howard Wilkinson". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  53. ^ "Mick McCarthy". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 29 June 2008. 
  54. ^ "Kevin Ball". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 29 June 2008. 
  55. ^ "Niall Quinn". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 29 June 2008. 
  56. ^ "Roy Keane". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 29 June 2008. 
  57. ^ "Ricky Sbragia's managerial career". Soccerbase. Retrieved 6 December 2008. 
  58. ^ "Steve Bruce's managerial career". Soccerbase. Retrieved 30 November 2011. 
  59. ^ "Eric Black's managerial career". Soccerbase. Retrieved 18 December 2011. 
  60. ^ "Martin O'Neill's managerial career". Soccerbase. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  61. ^ "Kevin Ball". The Stat Cat. Retrieved 29 June 2008. 
  62. ^ "Gus Poyet: Sunderland name Uruguayan as head coach". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 

External links[edit]