List of Superfund sites in Tennessee

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This is a list of Superfund sites in Tennessee designated under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) environmental law. The CERCLA federal law of 1980 authorized the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to create a list of polluted locations requiring a long-term response to clean up hazardous material contaminations.[1] These locations are known as Superfund sites, and are placed on the National Priorities List (NPL). The NPL guides the EPA in "determining which sites warrant further investigation" for environmental remediation.[2] As of May 3, 2010, there were thirteen Superfund sites on the National Priorities List in Tennessee[2] and four Superfund Alternative sites.[3] Two more sites have been proposed for entry on the list and six others have been cleaned up and removed from it.[2]

Superfund sites[edit]

      Proposed for addition to National Priorities List
      Deleted from National Priorities List
      Superfund Alternative site
CERCLIS ID Name County Reason Proposed Listed[4] Construction
completed[5]
Partially
deleted[6]
Deleted[7]
TND007018799 American Creosote Works, (Jackson Plant) Madison Groundwater, surface water, soil and sediments were contaminated by VOCs, PAHs and heavy metals from former wood treatment operations.[8][9]
10/15/1984
06/10/1986
05/24/2000
TND980729172 Amnicola Dump Hamilton Former dumping activities led to contamination by pesticides, PAHs, VOCs, heavy metals, PCBs, inorganic compounds and persistent organic pollutants, among other substances. Leachates had elevated levels of organic compounds and groundwater was contaminated by chromium, though municipal wells were unaffected.[10][11]
12/30/1982
09/08/1983
09/28/1993
04/30/1996
TND980468557 Arlington Blending & Packaging Shelby Operations, spills and leakage at a pesticide processing facility led to soil contamination by chlordane, heptachlor, endrin, PCP and arsenic and shallow groundwater contamination by PCP and DCE. The site has been cleaned up and is now a neighborhood park.[12][13]
07/22/1987
07/24/1997
TN8570024044 Arnold Engineering Development Center (USAF) Coffee and Franklin PCBs from the site have contaminated surface water, sediments and fish off-site. There is on-site contamination by PCBs, trichloroethane, methyl chloride and toluene and spills of jet fuel, rocket fuel, CFCs, nitric acid and other substances have been reported.[14][15]
08/23/1994
TND044062222 Carrier Air Conditioning Co. Shelby Two spills contaminated soil with TCE and sediments in a wastewater lagoon were contaminatd by zinc and TCE. In July 1986, TCE was found in the municipal water plant, which is close to the site.[16][17]
06/24/1984
02/21/1990
10/31/1995
TND987768546 Chemet Co. Fayette Unsecured slag piles from an antimony oxide[disambiguation needed] plant contaminated soil, surface water and the fields of an adjacent school with lead, arsenic and antimony.[18][19]
01/18/1994
05/31/1994
05/15/1996
10/09/1996
TN0001890839 Copper Basin Mining District Polk Acidic drainage from waste materials has caused deforestation, leading to severe erosion, and led to high levels of metals in soil, sediments and surface water. Oils containing PCBs have leaked from abandoned transformers. Abandoned mine workings and deteriorating facilities and waste piles pose significant physical hazards.[20]
TND980728992 Gallaway Pits Fayette Unauthorized dumping in flooded former sand and gravel pits contaminated soil and surface water with pesticides, including chlordane and toxaphene, risking contamination of local private drinking water wells.[21][22]
12/30/1982
09/08/1983
07/18/1995
04/29/1996
TND987767795 ICG Iselin Railroad Yard Madison Soil and sediment contamination by lead and VOCs, including vinyl chloride and benzene.[23][24]
05/10/1993
12/16/1994
03/29/2000
01/07/2002
TND073540783 ICG (Johnston Yard) Shelby Soil and groundwater are contaminated by metals, petroleum products, diesel fuel, and occasional solvents and pesticides. Contamination is not at a level to threaten worker health and groundwater contamination appears localized to the site.[25]
TND980729115 Lewisburg Dump Marshall Concerns were groundwater contamination, leachate generation and direct exposure to dumped industrial waste due to the deteriorating landfill cap.[26][27]
12/30/1982
09/08/1983
09/28/1993
01/07/2002
TND075453688 Mallory Capacitor Co. Wayne Groundwater and private drinking water wells contaminated by PCBs and VOCs, including TCE and DCE.[28][29]
01/22/1987
10/04/1989
09/24/1996
TN4210020570 Memphis Defense Depot (DLA) Shelby Ground water, sediment, soil and surface water are contaminated by substances including arsenic, dieldrin, PAHs, PCBs, PCE and TCE from operations at the Depot, which closed under BRAC.[30][31]
02/07/1992
10/14/1992
TN0210020582 Milan Army Ammunition Plant Carroll and Gibson Groundwater and soil contamination by TNT and RDX. The Memphis Sand Aquifer, which supplies water to 9,000 people in Milan is contaminated.[32][33]
10/15/1984
07/22/1987
TND980728836 Murray-Ohio Dump Lawrence Soil and groundwater were contaminated by heavy metals, including chromium, hexavalent chromium, nickel and zinc and by VOCs including DCE, TCE and PCE from former industrial and municipal landfill operations.[34][35]
12/30/1982
09/08/1983
09/24/1998
TNSFN0407047 National Fireworks Shelby Soil is contaminated by arsenic, lead, zinc, chromium, dieldrin and PCBs and groundwater by PCE, TCE, DCE and perchlorate.[36]
TND980558894 North Hollywood Dump Shelby Soil, groundwater, and pond sediments were contaminated with pesticides and heavy metals, including lead, copper and arsenic from former industrial waste dumping.[37][38]
12/30/1982
09/08/1983
07/01/1997
12/31/1997
TN1890090003 Oak Ridge Reservation (USDOE) Roane and Anderson The site consists of hundreds of contaminated areas inside and around the Reservation, including three large production facilities dating from the Manhattan Project: the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the former K-25 gaseous diffusion uranium enrichment plant and the Y-12 plant which formerly enriched uranium by an electromagnetic method and now performs nuclear weapons and energy functions. Leakage from buried waste and former processing facilities has contaminated soil, groundwater, surface water and sediments with substances including base neutral acids, inorganic compounds, metals, PAHs, PCBs, pesticides, radioactive materials and VOCs. Contamination outside the Reservation is mainly of surface water and sediments.[39][40]
07/14/1989
11/21/1989
TND096070396 Ross Metals Inc. Fayette Soil and surface water were contaminated by lead from a former secondary smelter. Groundwater lead contamination is being treated.[41][42]
12/23/1996
04/01/1997
09/16/2004
TND987790300 Sixty One Industrial Shelby Former industrial activities led to groundwater contamination by vinyl chloride, TCE, PCE, antimony, arsenic, barium, iron, manganese and thallium.[43]
TNN000407378 Smalley-Piper Shelby Soil contamination by metals including chromium, copper and lead and groundwater and surface water contamination by hexavalent chromium from former tool manufacturing. Groundwater contamination has affected the Memphis Aquifer and two Collierville municipal wells have been taken out of service as a result.[44][45]
09/23/2004
04/27/2005
TND098071061 Smokey Mountain Smelters Knox The site contains an abandoned aluminum smelter and a former fertilizer manufacturing plant. Around 2,700 cubic yards of aluminum dross, contain heavy metals and water-soluble and corrosive salts such as aluminum nitride, sodium chloride and potassium chloride. There are also around 75,000 cu yd of salt cake. Groundwater is contaminated by arsenic, soils are contaminated by arsenic and PCBs and a nearby creek is contaminated by cadmium. Access to the site is unrestricted, so tresspassers may come into contact with contaminants.[46]
03/04/2010
09/29/2010[47][48]
TND071516959 Tennessee Products Hamilton Soil, groundwater, surface water and sediment, including the Chattanooga Creek are contaminated by pesticides, VOCs, PAHs, metals and PCBs from uncontrolled coal tar dumping.[49][50]
01/18/1994
09/29/1995
09/26/2008
TND980559033 Velsicol Chemical Corp (Hardeman County) Hardeman Approximately 130,000 drums of waste from the company's Memphis pesticide plant were dumped on site, contaminating soil and groundwater with base neutral acids, pesticides, PAHs and VOCs. Contamination was found in private drinking water wells in 1979.[51][52]
12/30/1982
09/08/1983
08/13/1998
TND980844781 Wrigley Charcoal Plant Hickman Soil and groundwater are contaminated by wood tar chemicals, metals and VOCs from past industrial operations.[53][54]
06/24/1988
03/31/1989

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ P.L. 96-510, 42 U.S.C. §§ 96019675), December 11, 1980.
  2. ^ a b c "National Priorities List". United States Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved 2010-05-01. 
  3. ^ "Region 4 Superfund Sites". EPA. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  4. ^ "Final NPL sites". EPA. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  5. ^ "Construction Completions at NPL sites". EPA. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  6. ^ "Partial deletions at NPL sites". EPA. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  7. ^ "Deleted NPL sites". EPA. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  8. ^ "American Creosote Works, (Jackson Plant)". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  9. ^ "NPL Site Narrative for American Creosote Works, (Jackson Plant)". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  10. ^ "Amnicola Dump". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  11. ^ "NPL Site Narrative for Amnicola Dump". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  12. ^ "Arlington Blending & Packaging". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  13. ^ "NPL Site Narrative for Arlington Blending & Packaging". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  14. ^ "Arnold Engineering Development Center (USAF)". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  15. ^ "NPL Site Narrative for Arnold Engineering Develop. Ctr. (USAF)". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  16. ^ "Carrier Air Conditioning Company". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  17. ^ "NPL Site Narrative for Carrier Air Conditioning Company". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  18. ^ "Chemet Company". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  19. ^ "NPL Site Narrative for Chemet Company". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  20. ^ "Copper Basin Mining District site summary". EPA. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  21. ^ "Gallaway Pits". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  22. ^ "NPL Site Narrative for Gallaway Pits". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  23. ^ "ICG Iselin Railroad Yard". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  24. ^ "NPL Site Narrative for ICG Iselin Railroad Yard". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  25. ^ "Illinois Central R.R. (Johnston Yard) site summary". EPA. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  26. ^ "Lewisburg Dump". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  27. ^ "NPL Site Narrative for Lewisburg Dump". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  28. ^ "Mallory Capacitor Company". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  29. ^ "NPL Site Narrative for Mallory Capacitor Company". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  30. ^ "Memphis Defense Depot (DLA)". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  31. ^ "NPL Site Narrative for Memphis Defense Depot (DLA)". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  32. ^ "Milan Army Ammunition Plant". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  33. ^ "NPL Site Narrative for Milan Army Ammunition Plant". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  34. ^ "Murray-Ohio Dump". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  35. ^ "NPL Site Narrative for Murray-Ohio Dump". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  36. ^ "National Fireworks site summary". EPA. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  37. ^ "North Hollywood Dump". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  38. ^ "NPL Site Narrative for North Hollywood Dump". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  39. ^ "Oak Ridge Reservation (USDOE)". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  40. ^ "NPL Site Narrative for Oak Ridge Reservation (USDOE)". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  41. ^ "Ross Metals Inc.". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  42. ^ "NPL Site Narrative for Ross Metals Inc.". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  43. ^ "Sixty One Industrial site summary". EPA. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  44. ^ "Smalley-Piper". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  45. ^ "NPL Site Narrative for Smalley-Piper". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  46. ^ "NPL Site Narrative for Smokey Mountain Smelters". Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  47. ^ http://epa.gov/region4/superfund/sites/npl/tennessee/smokmtsmtn.html
  48. ^ http://www.epa.gov/superfund/sites/query/queryhtm/nplfin.htm#TN
  49. ^ "Tennessee Products". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  50. ^ "NPL Site Narrative for Tennessee Products". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  51. ^ "Velsicol Chemical Corp (Hardeman County)". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  52. ^ "NPL Site Narrative for Velsicol Chemical Corp (Hardeman County)". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  53. ^ "Wrigley Charcoal Plant". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  54. ^ "NPL Site Narrative for Wrigley Charcoal Plant". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 

External links[edit]