List of wars involving Sweden

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This is a list of wars fought by the realm of Sweden. There are legendary accounts of Swedish kings well into prehistory and they are mentioned by Tacitus in his Germania, but St. Olof Skötkonung (995–1022) was the first ruler documented to have been accepted by both the Swedes around Lake Mälaren and by the Geats around Lake Vättern. The modern state of Sweden considers itself to have been established on 6 June 1523 by the acclamation of Gustav Vasa as king which finally ended the Kalmar Union with Denmark, although the current Swedish constitution dates to 1974.

Military engagements since 1814 have not been formally declared wars.

Year War Conclusion
11th century
1015–1018 Norwegian-Swedish War Treaty of Kungahälla (1020)
12th century
c. 1150 "First Swedish Crusade"
1187 Oeselians invade Sigtuna
13th century
1220 Livonian Crusade Estonians repel Swedish invasion.
c. 1250 Second Swedish Crusade Finland becomes part of Sweden
14th century
1142–1322 Swedish–Novgorodian Wars, including the "Third Swedish Crusade" Treaty of Nöteborg (1323)
15th century
1495–1497 Russo-Swedish War (1495–97)[1] Eternal Peace of 1508
16th century
1521–1523 Swedish War of Liberation (Befrielsekriget)[1]
1534–1536 Danish Count's Feud (Danska Grevefejden)[1] Armistice of Copenhagen (1537)
1542–1543 Dacke War Peasant uprising against the crown defeated, uprising leader Nils Dacke executed
1554–1557 Russo-Swedish War (1554–57) (Stora ryska kriget)[1]
1563–1570 Northern Seven Years' War (Nordiska sjuårskriget)[1]
1570–1595 Livonian War (1558–83) and Russo-Swedish War (1590–95)
(25-årskriget mot Ryssland)[1]
1598–1599 War against Sigismund (Kriget mot Sigismund)[1]
17th century
1600–1629 Polish War (Polska kriget)[1]
1609–1610 De la Gardie Campaign (De la Gardieska fälttåget)[1]
1610–1617 Ingrian War (Ingermanländska kriget)[1]
1611–1613 Kalmar War (Kalmarkriget)[1] Treaty of Knäred (1613)
1630–1648 Thirty Years' War (Trettioåriga kriget)[1]
1643–1645 Torstenson War (Torstensonkriget)[1]
1654 First Bremian War (Första bremiska kriget)[1]
  • Recess of Stade (1654)
  • Bremen pledges allegiance to the Swedish king Charles X Gustav
1655–1661 Second Northern War (Nordiska krigen)[1]
1666 Second Bremian War (Andra bremiska kriget)[1]
1667–1668 War of Devolution (Devolutionskriget) France makes territorial gains in the Spanish Netherlands
1674–1679 Scanian War (Skånska kriget)[1]
1688–1691 Nine Years' War (Pfalziska tronföljdskriget)[2]
18th century
1700–1721 Great Northern War (Stora nordiska kriget)[1]
1741–1743 Hats' Russian War (Hattarnas ryska krig)[1]
  • Treaty of Åbo (1743)
  • Sweden cedes the towns of Lappeenranta and Hamina and a strip of Finland to the northwest of Saint Petersburg to Russia.
  • Kymi River designated the border between the two Russia and Sweden
1757–1762 Seven Years' War (Pommerska kriget)[1] Treaty of Hamburg (1762)
1788–1790 Gustav III's Russian War (Gustav III:s ryska krig)[1]
1788–1789 Theater War (Teaterkriget)[1] Status quo ante bellum
19th century
1801–1802 First Barbary War (Barbareskkriget 1801–1805)
1805–1810 War of the Fourth Coalition (Första napoleonkriget)[1] Treaty of Paris (1810)
1808–1809 Finnish War (Finska kriget)[1]
1808–1809 Dano-Swedish War of 1808-1809 (Dansk-svenska kriget 1808–1809)[1] Status quo ante bellum
1810–1812 War against United Kingdom (Kriget mot Storbritannien)[1] Treaty of Örebro (1812)
1813–1814 War of the Sixth Coalition (Andra napoleonkriget)[1]
1814 Campaign against Norway (Fälttåget mot Norge)[1]
20th century
1961–1964 Congo Crisis (as part of ONUC) debellation of the State of Katanga
1992–1995 Bosnian War (as part of UNPROFOR) Dayton Agreement
21st century
2001–present War in Afghanistan (as part of ISAF) ongoing
2011 Libyan Civil War debellation of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab Sundberg, Ulf (2010). Sveriges Krig, 1448–1814. SMB. ISBN 978-91-85789-62-7. 
  2. ^ Wolf: The Emergence of the Great Powers: 1685–1715, 36.