List of Taliban leaders

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Leaders[edit]

Name Position Situation
Mullah Mohammed Hassan Akhund First Deputy Council of Ministers
Abdul Rahman Zahed Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • Allegedly created an impression that he entered Pakistan after the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan, but had returned before the end of 2001 to his home village in Loghar province;[2]
  • at large

Reported to be a leader in the Taliban's Quetta Shura.[1] Reported captured in late February 2010.[1]

Mullah Ubaidullah Akhund * Captured by Pakistani forces, late Feb. 2007[3] Died of heart disease in a Pakistan prison in 2010[4][5]
Mullah Abdul Razaq Commerce Minister
  • Afghan forces captured Razaq while scouring a rugged mountainous region north of Kandahar, April 1, 2003.[6] Razaq's son, Abdul, had been killed on September 5, 2002 as he tried to shoot President Hamid Karzai.[citation needed] Abdul Razaq testified he had merely started out as a civilian, conscripted into Afghanistan's civil service by the Pakistan[clarification needed] who was promoted to Commerce Minister, without ever becoming a member of the Taliban.[7] He testified he had taken advantage of an amnesty Karzai offered when the Taliban fell, and had not been involved in politics since the fall of the Taliban.
Mullah Khaksar Akhund Deputy Minister of Interior Affairs
  • Staged a public press conference in Kabul, late November, 2001 and denounced the Taliban; by August 2002, he supports the U.S.-backed Afghan government of Hamid Karzai;[8] at large
Qari Ahmadullah Minister of Security (Intelligence)
  • Killed in late December 2001 by a United States bombing raid in the Paktia province[9]
Mullah Nooruddin Turabi Minister of Justice
  • Allegedly sheltered in Quetta by Pakistani officials by the end of 2001;[2] captured by United States forces and then set free and given general amnesty in early January 2002[10][11]
Amir Khan Muttaqi Minister of Culture & Information
  • Allegedly moved to Peshawar, Pakistan before the end of 2001 and still "hiding out in the Pakistani frontier" March 19, 2002;[2][12]
  • still at large
Mullah Ghausuddin
Mullah Abbas Akhund * In February 2002, he was "hiding with his military force about 5 miles from Uruzgan village";[14]
  • at large
Mawlawi Abdul Raqib First Deputy Council of Ministers
  • Unknown (is he the same Abdul Raqib as the official from the agriculture department in 2003?[15])

Governors[edit]

Governors
Name Position Situation
Mawlawi Abdul Kabir Governor of Nangrahar Province
Mawlawi Nurullah Nuri Governor of Balkh Province
Na'im Kucki Governor of Bamian Province
Mawlawi Ahmad Jan Governor of Zabul Province
Mullah Hassan Rehmani governor of Kandahar province
Mullah Mir Muhammad shadow governor of Baghlan province in 2010
Mullah Abdul Salam shadow governor of Kunduz province in 2010
Mullah Abdul Salaam Alizai Governor of Orūzgān Province in the 1990s | * Defected to the government in December 2007.[29]

Other high-ranking officials, ambassadors and envoys abroad[edit]

Name Position Situation
Noor Mohammad Saqib Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Allegedly moved to Peshawar, Pakistan before the end of 2001;[16] arrested January 30, 2002 near Quetta by Pakistani authorities;[30] whereabouts now unknown
Sayed Rahmatullah Hashemi Envoy to United States
Abdul Hakim Mujahid Envoy to the United Nations Arrived in Pakistan in early December 2001[31]
Akhtar Mohammad Mansour Head of Aviation In early October, 2001, reports alleged that he was killed during air raids by U.S.-British forces[32]
Hammdidullah, aka Janat Gul Head of Ariana Afghan Airlines Surrendered November 24, 2001 east of Konduz[33]

. Status later established by a Combatant Status Review Tribunal as "no longer enemy combatant" and released.[34]

Field commanders[edit]

Name Position Situation
Mullah Sarwar Chief of Staff
Mullah Dadullah senior military commander
  • Escaped from the siege of Kunduz in November 2001 and reached Kandahar. Took part in the evacuation of Kandahar, then may have returned to his native town Kajai in Helmand province.[16] Allegedly participated (by giving orders via cell phone) in the murder of Ricardo Munguia on March 27, 2003.
  • He was nicknamed by the anti-Taliban resistance before the Taliban government fell as the Lame Englishman because he a) lost a leg in the jihad and because b) he's as cunning as the devilish English.
  • One of the most effective commanders in the resistance, he has been linked to massacres of Shi'a, the scorched earth policy of Shi'a villages in 2001 (which he boasted about once on the radio), the summary execution of men suspected of throwing hand grenades into his compound in 2001 (they were hanged at one of the main roundabouts), and suicide bombings.
  • Killed on May 13, 2007.
Jalaluddin Haqqani Described as Taliban's current military leader
  • First mujahideen commander to capture a city, Khost, from the Soviets, in 1991.[35]
  • Didn't ally with the Taliban until after their capture of Kabul in 1995.
  • Hamid Karzai asked him to serve as Prime Minister, in an attempt to split off the Taliban's moderate wing.
Abdul Razaq Nafez field commander
Mullah Shahzada provincial commander
  • Interviewed by the New York Times in Pakistan, in 2003.[36]
  • Later reports, apparently based on the NYT article, additionally claimed he was captured in 2001, sent to Guantánamo, released 2003, killed in US raid on Taliban in late May 2004. But the only Shahzada held in Guantanamo wasn't captured until 2003, and wasn't released until 2005. There is no evidence that the Guantanmo detainee named Shahzada was ever a member of the Taliban, or that he had enrolled in the Taliban following his release.
Mullah Muhammad Hasan Rehmani militia commander
  • At large
  • In early 2010 an individual named "Mullah Hassan Rehmani" was reported to have been a recently captured leader of the Taliban's Quetta Shura.[1] He was alleged to have been a former governor of Kandahar. A second recently captured Taliban leader was named "Mullah Muhammad Hassan". He was alleged to have been a former Taliban foreign minister.
Gul Mohammed Jangvi field commander
  • On July 19, 2006 explained the Taliban's unexpected withdrawal from Helmand.[37]
Mullah Akhtar Mohammad Osmani field commander Killed in U.S. airstrike in December 2006. Confirmed dead by Taliban officials.[38]
Mullah Abdul Zahir group commander Killed in the U.S. airstrike that killed Osmani in December 2006[39]
Sheikh Ilyas Khel Commander Captured in Pakistan as of August 2, 2007[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Amir Mir (2010-03-01). "Pakistan wipes out half of Quetta Shura". The News International. Archived from the original on 2010-03-04. "According to well-informed diplomatic circles in Islamabad, the decision-makers in the powerful Pakistani establishment seem to have concluded in view of the ever-growing nexus between the Pakistani and the Afghan Taliban that they are now one and the same and the Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) and the Quetta Shura Taliban (QST) could no more be treated as two separate Jihadi entities." 
  2. ^ a b c Former minister says fugitive Taliban leaders living life of luxury in Pakistan, The Guardian, December 24, 2001
  3. ^ 'Taleban leader held' in Pakistan, BBC News, March 2, 2007
  4. ^ "Taliban announces death of ex-defense minister in 2010". Fox News. 2012-02-13. 
  5. ^ http://news.yahoo.com/taliban-announce-death-ex-defense-minister-080554754.html
  6. ^ "Fresh fighting in Afghanistan". BBC News. 2003-04-02. Retrieved 2009-06-29. 
  7. ^ OARDEC (2005-12-16). "Summary of Administrative Review Board Proceedings of ISN 1043". United States Department of Defense. pp. pages 64–82. Archived from the original on 2008-03-07. Retrieved 2008-04-02. 
  8. ^ Paras on alert for storming of Kandahar, The Telegraph, November 25, 2001
  9. ^ Taleban spy chief 'killed in raid', BBC, January 3, 2002
  10. ^ US begins transferring terror prisoners to Cuban base: Gunfire errupts [sic] as plane with al-Qaida members takes off, Boston Globe, January 10, 2002
  11. ^ High-Ranking Taliban Leaders Surrender, Are Set Free, Fox News, January 9, 2002
  12. ^ Taliban Vow Revenge, CBS News, March 19, 2002
  13. ^ Taliban commander killed in Afghanistan, Daily Times, May 28, 2003
  14. ^ How the U.S. Killed the Wrong Afghans, Time (magazine), February 6, 2002
  15. ^ http://www.iwpr.net/index.pl?archive/arr/arr_200306_64_4_eng.txt
  16. ^ a b c d e Carroll, Rory (2001-12-24). "Former minister says fugitive Taliban leaders living life of luxury in Pakistan". The Guardian (London). 
  17. ^ Filkins, Dexter (2010-03-24). "After Arrests, Taliban Promote a Fighter". The New York Times. 
  18. ^ "US Likely to Release Top Taliban Leaders from Gitmo". Outlook Afghanistan. 2012-01-05. Retrieved 2012-01-12. "According to Haqyar, Mullah Noorullah Noori was a resident of Shah Joy district in Zabul province and had served as governor for Laghman, Baghlan and Balkh provinces."  mirror
  19. ^ http://www.hrw.org/press/2001/12/commanders1203.htm
  20. ^ "List of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba from January 2002 through May 15, 2006". United States Department of Defense. Retrieved 2006-05-15. 
  21. ^ "Measurements of Heights and Weights of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (ordered and consolidated version)". Center for the Study of Human Rights in the Americas, from DoD data. Archived from the original on 2009-12-21. 
  22. ^ OARDEC (August 8, 2004). "Summary of Evidence for Combatant Status Review Tribunal -- Noori, Mullah Norullah". United States Department of Defense. pp. pages 7–8. Retrieved 2008-03-01. 
  23. ^ Mazari Sharif is not a Province.
  24. ^ Archie McLean (2009-03-06). "Afghan nomads now tied to a desperate land". Edmonton Journal. Retrieved 2009-03-15.  mirror
  25. ^ a b Tom Lasseter (June 15, 2008). "Guantanamo Inmate Database: Naim Kochi". McClatchy News Service. Retrieved 2008-06-15.  mirror
  26. ^ "Security council committee on Afghanistan designates further individuals, financial entities relating to resolution 1267 (1999) and 1333 (2000)". United Nations. 2000-04-12. Archived from the original on 2010-02-04. "In a note verbale addressed to Member States on 12 April 2000, the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1267 (1999) concerning Afghanistan designated funds and financial resources of the Taliban as per paragraph 4(b) of that resolution and approved a list of entities and/or persons that have so far been identified by the Committee based on information provided by Member States as falling under one of the categories mentioned in the above note, as well as in Press Release SC/6844. The following entities have been added to the list ... Maulavi Ahmad Jan, Governor of Zabol Province" 
  27. ^ "Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1267 (1999) concerning Al-Qaida and the Taliban and Associated Individuals and Entities". United Nations. 1999-10-15. Archived from the original on 2010-02-04. 
  28. ^ "The Consolidated List established and maintained by the 1267 Committee with respect to Al-Qaida, Usama bin Laden, and the Taliban and other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with them". United Nations. 2010-01-25. Archived from the original on 2010-02-05. "TI.A.109.01. Name: 1: AHMAD JAN 2: AKHUNZADA 3: na 4: na Name (original script): احمد جان آخوند زاده Title: Maulavi Designation: Governor of Zabol Province under the Taliban regime DOB: na POB: Urazgan province, Afghanistan Good quality a.k.a.: na Low quality a.k.a.: na Nationality: Afghan Passport no.: na National identification no.: na Address: na Listed on: 25 Jan. 2001 (amended on 3 Sep. 2003, 21 Sep. 2007) Other information: na" 
  29. ^ Aziz Ahmad Shafe; Mohammad Ilyas Dayee; Jean MacKenzie (2010-06-03). "Making Musa Qala Work". IWPR. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  30. ^ The Daily Telegraph (London) http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2002/01/31/wafg31.xml&sSheet=/news/2002/01/31/ixworld.html |url= missing title (help). 
  31. ^ "Taleban 'defectors' in Kandahar appeal". BBC News. 2001-12-04. 
  32. ^ http://intellnet.org/news/2001/10/08/7496-1.shtml
  33. ^ Taliban in north surrender in droves, CNN, November 24, 2001
  34. ^ "Guantanamo Bay Detainees Classified as "No Longer Enemy Combatants"". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2007-02-04. Retrieved 2008-03-26. 
  35. ^ Through the eyes of the Taliban, Asia Times, May 5, 2004
  36. ^ Revived Taliban making waves in northern Pakistan, New York Times, May 7, 2003
  37. ^ http://www.atimes.com/atimes/South_Asia/HG19Df01.html
  38. ^ CBC News http://www.cbc.ca/world/story/2006/12/27/osmani-death.html |url= missing title (help). 
  39. ^ http://www.paktribune.com/news/index.shtml?164256