List of Test cricket hat-tricks

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A side shoot of a white-skinned man holding a trophy in his hand
English cricketer Stuart Broad took hat-tricks against India at Trent Bridge in 2011[1] and against Sri Lanka at Headingley in 2014.

In the sport of cricket, a hat-trick is an occasion where a bowler takes three wickets in consecutive deliveries. As of 20 June 2014, this rare feat has been achieved 41 times in over 2000 Test matches,[2] the form of the sport in which national representative teams compete in matches of up to five days' duration. The first Test hat-trick was recorded on 2 January 1879, in only the third Test match to take place, by the Australian pace bowler Fred Spofforth, nicknamed "The Demon Bowler", who dismissed three English batsmen with consecutive deliveries at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. The most recent bowler to achieve the feat was English fast bowler Stuart Broad against Sri Lanka on 20 June 2014. At least one bowler from each of the ten nations that play Test cricket has taken a Test hat-trick.[3]

A player has taken two hat-tricks in the same Test match only once. Playing for Australia against South Africa in the first match of the 1912 Triangular Tournament at Old Trafford, Manchester, England, leg spinner Jimmy Matthews took a hat-trick in South Africa's first and second innings, both taken on 28 May 1912. He completed both hat-tricks by dismissing South Africa's Tommy Ward.[4] Only three other cricketers have taken more than one Test hat-trick: Australian off spinner Hugh Trumble (two years apart, between the same teams at the same ground), Pakistani fast bowler Wasim Akram (just over a week apart, in consecutive matches between the same teams) and English fast bowler Stuart Broad. Three players have taken a hat-trick on their Test debut, English medium pace bowler Maurice Allom in 1930, New Zealand off-spinner Peter Petherick in 1976, and Australian pace bowler Damien Fleming in 1994.[3] Geoff Griffin took the fewest total Test wickets of any player who recorded a hat-trick, taking only eight wickets in his entire Test career.[3] During the match in which he took his hat-trick, Griffin was repeatedly called for throwing by the umpires and never bowled again in a Test match.[5] Australian Peter Siddle is the only bowler to take a hat-trick on his birthday,[6] and Bangladeshi off spinner Sohag Gazi is the only player to score a century and take a hat-trick in the same Test match.[7]

Australian Merv Hughes is the only bowler to take a hatrick where the wickets fell over three overs. He took a wicket with the final ball of an over. With the first ball of the next over he took the final wicket of the West Indies innings. He then removed the opener Gordon Greenidge with the first ball of the West Indies second innings.[8]

In the five-match series between a Rest of the World XI and England in 1970, a hat-trick was taken by South African Eddie Barlow in the fourth match, at Headingley (the last three of four wickets in five balls).[9] These matches were considered to be Tests at the time, but that status was later removed.[10]

Test hat-tricks[edit]

Australian bowler Fred Spofforth took the first hat-trick in Test cricket on 2 January 1879, in only the third Test match.
Billy Bates was the first player to take a hat-trick for England, four years after Spofforth achieved the feat.
Hugh Trumble is one of only four players to take more than one Test hat-trick, achieving the feat in 1902 and 1904.
Courtney Walsh's hat-trick in 1988 was spread across two innings. In Australia's first innings he dismissed the last two batsmen with consecutive deliveries and then took a third wicket with the first ball of the second innings.
Wasim Akram took two hat-tricks in the space of nine days in 1999.
When Peter Siddle took a hat-trick for Australia in 2010, his final victim was Stuart Broad. Nine months later Broad himself would be the next man to take a Test match hat-trick.
Key
Symbol Meaning
Bowler The name of the bowler
For The team for which the bowler was playing
Against The team against which the bowler was playing
Inn. The innings (first or second) in which the hat-trick was achieved
Test The number of the Test within the overall series between the two teams
Dismissals The three players dismissed by the bowler
Venue The venue where the hat-trick was achieved
Date The date on which the hat-trick was achieved
Ref. Reference
List of Test cricket hat-tricks
No. Bowler For Against Inn. Test Dismissals Venue Date Ref.
1 Spofforth, FredFred Spofforth  Australia  England 1 1/1 Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne 2 January 1879 [11]
2 Bates, BillyBilly Bates  England  Australia 1 2/3 Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne 20 January 1883 [12]
3 Briggs, JohnnyJohnny Briggs  England  Australia 2 2/3 Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney 2 February 1892 [13]
4 Lohmann, GeorgeGeorge Lohmann  England  South Africa 2 1/3 St. George's Park, Port Elizabeth 14 February 1896 [14]
5 Hearne, JackJack Hearne  England  Australia 2 3/5 Headingley, Leeds 30 June 1899 [15]
6 Trumble, HughHugh Trumble  Australia  England 2 2/5 Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne 4 January 1902 [16]
7 Trumble, HughHugh Trumble  Australia  England 2 5/5 Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne 8 March 1904 [17]
8 Matthews, JimmyJimmy Matthews  Australia  South Africa 1 1/3 Old Trafford, Manchester 28 May 1912 [18]
9 Matthews, JimmyJimmy Matthews  Australia  South Africa 2 1/3 Old Trafford, Manchester 28 May 1912 [18]
10 Allom, MauriceMaurice Allom  England  New Zealand 1 1/4 Lancaster Park, Christchurch 10 January 1930 [19]
11 Goddard, TomTom Goddard  England  South Africa 1 1/5 Old Wanderers, Johannesburg 26 December 1938 [20]
12 Loader, PeterPeter Loader  England  West Indies 1 4/5 Headingley, Leeds 25 July 1957 [21]
13 Kline, LindsayLindsay Kline  Australia  South Africa 2 2/5 Newlands, Cape Town 3 January 1958 [22]
14 Hall, WesWes Hall  West Indies  Pakistan 1 3/3 Bagh-e-Jinnah, Lahore 29 March 1959 [23]
15 Griffin, GeoffGeoff Griffin  South Africa  England 1 2/5 Lord's, London 24 June 1960 [24]
16 Gibbs, LanceLance Gibbs  West Indies  Australia 1 4/5 Adelaide Oval, Adelaide 30 January 1961 [25]
17 Petherick, PeterPeter Petherick  New Zealand  Pakistan 1 1/3 Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 9 October 1976 [26]
18 Walsh, CourtneyCourtney Walsh  West Indies  Australia 1 & 2 1/5 Brisbane Cricket Ground, Brisbane 18–20 November 1988 [27]
19 Hughes, MervMerv Hughes  Australia  West Indies 1 & 2 2/5 WACA, Perth 3–4 December 1988 [28]
20 Fleming, DamienDamien Fleming  Australia  Pakistan 2 2/3 Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium, Rawalpindi 9 October 1994 [29]
21 Warne, ShaneShane Warne  Australia  England 2 2/5 Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne 29 December 1994 [30]
22 Cork, DominicDominic Cork  England  West Indies 2 4/6 Old Trafford, Manchester 30 July 1995 [31]
23 Gough, DarrenDarren Gough  England  Australia 1 5/5 Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney 2 January 1999 [32]
24 Wasim Akram  Pakistan  Sri Lanka 1 3/4 Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 6 March 1999 [33]
25 Wasim Akram  Pakistan  Sri Lanka 2 4/4 Bangabandhu National Stadium, Dhaka 14 March 1999 [34]
26 Nuwan Zoysa  Sri Lanka  Zimbabwe 1 2/3 Harare Sports Club, Harare 26 November 1999 [35]
27 Abdul Razzaq  Pakistan  Sri Lanka 1 2/3 Galle International Stadium, Galle 21 June 2000 [36]
28 McGrath, GlennGlenn McGrath  Australia  West Indies 1 2/5 WACA, Perth 1 December 2000 [37]
29 Harbhajan Singh  India  Australia 1 2/3 Eden Gardens, Calcutta 11 March 2001 [38]
30 Mohammad Sami  Pakistan  Sri Lanka 1 3/3 Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 8 March 2002 [39]
31 Lawson, JermaineJermaine Lawson  West Indies  Australia 1 & 2 3/4 Kensington Oval, Bridgetown 2–5 May 2003 [40]
32 Alok Kapali  Bangladesh  Pakistan 1 2/3 Arbab Niaz Stadium, Peshawar 29 August 2003 [41]
33 Blignaut, AndyAndy Blignaut  Zimbabwe  Bangladesh 2 1/2 Harare Sports Club, Harare 22 February 2004 [42]
34 Hoggard, MatthewMatthew Hoggard  England  West Indies 2 3/4 Kensington Oval, Barbados 3 April 2004 [43]
35 Franklin, JamesJames Franklin  New Zealand  Bangladesh 1 1/2 Bangabandhu National Stadium, Dhaka 20 October 2004 [44]
36 Irfan Pathan  India  Pakistan 1 3/3 National Stadium, Karachi 29 January 2006 [45]
37 Sidebottom, RyanRyan Sidebottom  England  New Zealand 2 1 /3 Seddon Park, Hamilton 8 March 2008 [46]
38 Siddle, PeterPeter Siddle  Australia  England 1 1/5 Brisbane Cricket Ground, Brisbane 25 November 2010 [47]
39 Broad, StuartStuart Broad  England  India 1 2/4 Trent Bridge, Nottinghamshire 30 July 2011 [48]
40 Gazi, SohagSohag Gazi  Bangladesh  New Zealand 2 1/2 Zahur Ahmed Chowdhury Stadium, Chittagong 13 October 2013 [49]
41 Broad, StuartStuart Broad  England  Sri Lanka 1 2/2 Headingley, Leeds 20 June 2014 [50]

By team[edit]

England and Australia combined have taken over half of all Test match hat-tricks to date, 24 of 41 (58.53%).[3]

Test hat-tricks by team
Team Hat-tricks
 England 13
 Australia 11
 West Indies 4
 Pakistan 4
 Bangladesh 2
 New Zealand 2
 India 2
 South Africa 1
 Sri Lanka 1
 Zimbabwe 1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General[edit]

Specific[edit]

  1. ^ "India in England – 2nd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  2. ^ McGhie, Tom (20 July 2011). "Landmark Test matches through the years as Lord's plays host to the 2,000th when England take on India". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 3 January 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Record / Test matches / Bowling record / Hat-tricks". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  4. ^ "Triangular Tournament −1st match: Australia v South Africa Test Series – 1st Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  5. ^ Williamson, Martin (11 August 2012). "No-balled out of the game". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  6. ^ McGlashan, Andrew (25 November 2010). "Siddle hat-trick gives Australia control". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 13 October 2013. 
  7. ^ Islam, Mohammad (13 October 2013). "Gazi shines as Test ends in draw". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 13 October 2013. 
  8. ^ "AUSTRALIA v WEST INDIES 1988–-89: Second Test Match". Wisden. 
  9. ^ "England v Rest Of The World, 1970 – 4th match". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  10. ^ "July 2000 – The best of the best?". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  11. ^ "England tour of Australia, 1878/79 – Only Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  12. ^ "England (IFW Bligh's XI) tour of Australia, 1882/83: The Ashes – 2nd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  13. ^ "England (Lord Sheffield's XI) tour of Australia, 1891/92: The Ashes – 2nd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  14. ^ "England tour of South Africa, 1895/96 – 1st Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  15. ^ "Australia tour of England, 1899: The Ashes – 3rd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  16. ^ "England tour of Australia, 1901/02: The Ashes – 2nd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  17. ^ "England (Marylebone Cricket Club) tour of Australia, 1903/04: The Ashes – 5th Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  18. ^ a b "Triangular Tournament, 1912: Australia v South Africa Test Series −1st Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  19. ^ "England tour of New Zealand, 1929/30 – 1st Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  20. ^ "England tour of South Africa, 1938/39 – 1st Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  21. ^ "West Indies tour of England, 1957 – 4th Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  22. ^ "Australia tour of South Africa, 1957/58 – 2nd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  23. ^ "West Indies tour of Pakistan, 1958/59 – 3d Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  24. ^ "South Africa tour of England, 1960 – 2nd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  25. ^ "West Indies tour of Australia, 1960/61 – 4th Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  26. ^ "New Zealand tour of Pakistan, 1976/77 – 1st Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  27. ^ "West Indies tour of Australia, 1988/89: The Frank Worrell Trophy – 1st Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  28. ^ "West Indies tour of Australia, 1988/89: The Frank Worrell Trophy – 2nd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  29. ^ "Australia tour of Pakistan, 1994/95 – 2nd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  30. ^ "England tour of Australia, 1994/95: The Ashes – 2nd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  31. ^ "West Indies tour of England, 1995: The Wisden Trophy – 4th Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  32. ^ "England tour of Australia, 1998/99: The Ashes – 5th Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  33. ^ "Asian Championship Test, 1998/99 – 3rd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  34. ^ "Asian Championship Test, 1998/99 – Final". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  35. ^ "Sri Lanka tour of Zimbabwe, 1999/00 – 2nd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  36. ^ "Pakistan tour of Sri Lanka, 2000 – 2nd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  37. ^ "West Indies tour of Australia, 2000/01 – 2nd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  38. ^ "Australia tour of India, 2000/01 – 2nd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  39. ^ "Asian Championship Test, 2001/02 – Final". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  40. ^ "Australia tour of West Indies, 2003: The Frank Worrell Trophy – 3rd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  41. ^ "Bangladesh tour of Pakistan, 2003 – 2nd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  42. ^ "Bangladesh tour of Zimbabwe, 2003/04 – 1st Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  43. ^ "England tour of West Indies, 2003/04: The Wisden Trophy – 3rd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  44. ^ "New Zealand tour of Bangladesh, 2004/05 – 1st Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  45. ^ "India tour of Pakistan, 2005/06 – 3rd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  46. ^ "England tour of New Zealand, 2007/08 – 1st Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  47. ^ "England tour of Australia, 2010/11: The Ashes – 1st Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  48. ^ "India tour of England, 2011: Pataudi Trophy – 2nd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  49. ^ "New Zealand tour of Bangladesh, 1st Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 13 Oct 2013. 
  50. ^ "Sri Lanka tour of England, 2nd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 20 Jun 2014.