List of Test cricket hat-tricks

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A side shoot of a white-skinned man holding a trophy in his hand
English cricketer Stuart Broad took hat-tricks against India at Trent Bridge in 2011[1] and against Sri Lanka at Headingley in 2014.

In the sport of cricket, a hat-trick is an occasion where a bowler takes three wickets in consecutive deliveries. As of 20 June 2014, this rare feat has been achieved 41 times in over 2000 Test matches,[2] the form of the sport in which national representative teams compete in matches of up to five days' duration. The first Test hat-trick was recorded on 2 January 1879, in only the third Test match to take place, by the Australian pace bowler Fred Spofforth, nicknamed "The Demon Bowler", who dismissed three English batsmen with consecutive deliveries at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. The most recent bowler to achieve the feat was English fast bowler Stuart Broad against Sri Lanka on 20 June 2014. At least one bowler from each of the ten nations that play Test cricket has taken a Test hat-trick.[3]

A player has taken two hat-tricks in the same Test match only once. Playing for Australia against South Africa in the first match of the 1912 Triangular Tournament at Old Trafford, Manchester, England, leg spinner Jimmy Matthews took a hat-trick in South Africa's first and second innings, both taken on 28 May 1912. He completed both hat-tricks by dismissing South Africa's Tommy Ward.[4] Only three other cricketers have taken more than one Test hat-trick: Australian off spinner Hugh Trumble (two years apart, between the same teams at the same ground), Pakistani fast bowler Wasim Akram (just over a week apart, in consecutive matches between the same teams) and English fast bowler Stuart Broad. Three players have taken a hat-trick on their Test debut, English medium pace bowler Maurice Allom in 1930, New Zealand off-spinner Peter Petherick in 1976, and Australian pace bowler Damien Fleming in 1994.[3] Geoff Griffin took the fewest total Test wickets of any player who recorded a hat-trick, taking only eight wickets in his entire Test career.[3] During the match in which he took his hat-trick, Griffin was repeatedly called for throwing by the umpires and never bowled again in a Test match.[5] Australian Peter Siddle is the only bowler to take a hat-trick on his birthday,[6] and Bangladeshi off spinner Sohag Gazi is the only player to score a century and take a hat-trick in the same Test match.[7]

Australian Merv Hughes is the only bowler to take a hatrick where the wickets fell over three overs. He took a wicket with the final ball of an over. With the first ball of the next over he took the final wicket of the West Indies innings. He then removed the opener Gordon Greenidge with the first ball of the West Indies second innings.[8]

In the five-match series between a Rest of the World XI and England in 1970, a hat-trick was taken by South African Eddie Barlow in the fourth match, at Headingley (the last three of four wickets in five balls).[9] These matches were considered to be Tests at the time, but that status was later removed.[10]

Test hat-tricks[edit]

List of Test cricket hat-tricks
# Bowler For Against Inn. Test Dismissals Venue Date
41 Stuart Broad[11]  England  Sri Lanka 1 2/2 Headingley, Leeds 20 Jun 2014
40 Sohag Gazi[12]  Bangladesh  New Zealand 2 1/2 Zahur Ahmed Chowdhury Stadium, Chittagong 13 Oct 2013
39 Broad, StuartStuart Broad[13]  England  India 1 2/4 Trent Bridge, Nottinghamshire 30 Jul 2011
38 Siddle, PeterPeter Siddle[14]  Australia  England 1 1/5 Brisbane Cricket Ground, Brisbane 25 Nov 2010
37 Sidebottom, RyanRyan Sidebottom[15]  England  New Zealand 2 1/3 Seddon Park, Hamilton 8 Mar 2008
36 Irfan Pathan[16]  India  Pakistan 1 3/3 National Stadium, Karachi 29 Jan 2006
35 Franklin, JamesJames Franklin[17]  New Zealand  Bangladesh 1 1/2 Bangabandhu National Stadium, Dhaka 20 Oct 2004
34 Hoggard, MatthewMatthew Hoggard[18]  England  West Indies 2 3/4 Kensington Oval, Barbados 3 Apr 2004
33 Blignaut, AndyAndy Blignaut[19]  Zimbabwe  Bangladesh 2 1/2 Harare Sports Club, Harare 22 Feb 2004
32 Alok Kapali[20]  Bangladesh  Pakistan 1 2/3 Arbab Niaz Stadium, Peshawar 29 Aug 2003
31 Lawson, JermaineJermaine Lawson[21]  West Indies  Australia 1, 2 3/4 Kensington Oval, Bridgetown 2–5 May 2003
30 Mohammad Sami[22]  Pakistan  Sri Lanka 1 3/3 Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 8 Mar 2002
29 Harbhajan Singh[23]  India  Australia 1 2/3 Eden Gardens, Calcutta 11 Mar 2001
28 McGrath, GlennGlenn McGrath[24]  Australia  West Indies 1 2/5 WACA, Perth 1 Dec 2000
27 Abdul Razzaq[25]  Pakistan  Sri Lanka 1 2/3 Galle International Stadium, Galle 21 Jun 2000
26 Nuwan Zoysa[26]  Sri Lanka  Zimbabwe 1 2/3 Harare Sports Club, Harare 26 Nov 1999
25 Wasim Akram[27]  Pakistan  Sri Lanka 2 4/4 Bangabandhu National Stadium, Dhaka 14 Mar 1999
24 Wasim Akram[28]  Pakistan  Sri Lanka 1 3/4 Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 6 Mar 1999
23 Gough, DarrenDarren Gough[29]  England  Australia 1 5/5 Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney 2 Jan 1999
22 Cork, DominicDominic Cork[30]  England  West Indies 2 4/6 Old Trafford, Manchester 30 Jul 1995
21 Warne, ShaneShane Warne[31]  Australia  England 2 2/5 Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne 29 Dec 1994
20 Fleming, DamienDamien Fleming[32]  Australia  Pakistan 2 2/3 Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium, Rawalpindi 9 Oct 1994
19 Hughes, MervMerv Hughes[33]  Australia  West Indies 1, 2 2/5 WACA, Perth 3–4 Dec 1988
18 Walsh, CourtneyCourtney Walsh[34]  West Indies  Australia 1, 2 1/5 Brisbane Cricket Ground, Brisbane 18–20 Nov 1988
17 Petherick, PeterPeter Petherick[35]  New Zealand  Pakistan 1 1/3 Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore 9 Oct 1976
16 Gibbs, LanceLance Gibbs[36]  West Indies  Australia 1 4/5 Adelaide Oval, Adelaide 30 Jan 1961
15 Griffin, GeoffGeoff Griffin[37]  South Africa  England 1 2/5 Lord's, London 24 Jun 1960
14 Hall, WesWes Hall[38]  West Indies  Pakistan 1 3/3 Bagh-e-Jinnah, Lahore 29 Mar 1959
13 Kline, LindsayLindsay Kline[39]  Australia  South Africa 2 2/5 Newlands, Cape Town 3 Jan 1958
12 Loader, PeterPeter Loader[40]  England  West Indies 1 4/5 Headingley, Leeds 25 Jul 1957
11 Goddard, TomTom Goddard[41]  England  South Africa 1 1/5 Old Wanderers, Johannesburg 26 Dec 1938
10 Allom, MauriceMaurice Allom[42]  England  New Zealand 1 1/4 Lancaster Park, Christchurch 10 Jan 1930
9 Matthews, JimmyJimmy Matthews[43]  Australia  South Africa 2 1/3 Old Trafford, Manchester 28 May 1912
8 Matthews, JimmyJimmy Matthews[43]  Australia  South Africa 1 1/3 Old Trafford, Manchester 28 May 1912
7 Trumble, HughHugh Trumble[44]  Australia  England 2 5/5 Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne 8 Mar 1904
6 Trumble, HughHugh Trumble[45]  Australia  England 2 2/5 Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne 4 Jan 1902
5 Hearne, JackJack Hearne[46]  England  Australia 2 3/5 Headingley, Leeds 30 Jun 1899
4 Lohmann, GeorgeGeorge Lohmann[47]  England  South Africa 2 1/3 St. George's Park, Port Elizabeth 14 Feb 1896
3 Briggs, JohnnyJohnny Briggs[48]  England  Australia 2 2/3 Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney 2 Feb 1892
2 Bates, BillyBilly Bates[49]  England  Australia 1 2/3 Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne 20 Jan 1883
1 Spofforth, FredFred Spofforth[50]  Australia  England 1 1/1 Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne 2 Jan 1879
Fred Spofforth.jpg
Australian bowler Fred Spofforth took the first hat-trick in Test cricket on 2 January 1879, in only the third international Test match.
WilliamBates1900.jpg
In 1883, Billy Bates was the first player to take a hat-trick for England, four years after Spofforth achieved the feat.
Trum.jpg
Hugh Trumble is one of only four players to take more than one Test hat-trick, achieving the feat in 1902 and 1904.
Courtney walsh.jpg
Courtney Walsh's 1988 hat-trick was spread across two innings. In Australia's first innings, he dismissed the last two batsmen with consecutive deliveries, and then took a third wicket with the first ball of the second innings.
Wasim Akram.jpg
In 1999, Wasim Akram took two hat-tricks in the space of nine days.
PeterSiddleSCG2009.jpg
When Peter Siddle took a hat-trick for Australia in 2010, his final dismissal was Stuart Broad. Nine months later, Broad himself became the next man to take a Test hat-trick.

By team[edit]

England and Australia combined have taken over half of all Test match hat-tricks to date, 24 of 41 (59%).[3]

Test hat-tricks by team
Team Hat-tricks
 England 13
 Australia 11
 West Indies 4
 Pakistan 4
 New Zealand 2
 India 2
 Bangladesh 2
 South Africa 1
 Sri Lanka 1
 Zimbabwe 1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General[edit]

Specific[edit]

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  7. ^ Islam, Mohammad (13 October 2013). "Gazi shines as Test ends in draw". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 13 October 2013. 
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  35. ^ "New Zealand tour of Pakistan, 1976/77 – 1st Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 Jan 2013. 
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  38. ^ "West Indies tour of Pakistan, 1958/59 – 3d Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 Jan 2013. 
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  42. ^ "England tour of New Zealand, 1929/30 – 1st Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 Jan 2013. 
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  49. ^ "England (IFW Bligh's XI) tour of Australia, 1882/83: The Ashes – 2nd Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 Jan 2013. 
  50. ^ "England tour of Australia, 1878/79 – Only Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 4 Jan 2013.