List of Test cricketers who have taken five wickets on debut

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Albert Trott
Albert Trott took eight wickets for 43 runs in his debut Test.

In cricket, a five-wicket haul (also known as a "five–for" or "fifer")[1][2] refers to a bowler taking five or more wickets in a single innings. This is regarded as a notable achievement.[3] As of 2014, 144 cricketers have taken a five-wicket haul on debut in a Test match. Players from all the teams that have permanent Test status have picked up five-wicket hauls on their debut.[4] This comprises forty-five of them being taken by England cricketers, thirty-three by Australia, twenty-two by South Africa, ten by Pakistan, nine by West Indies, eight by India, seven by New Zealand, six by Bangladesh and two by both Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe.[5]

Australian cricketer Billy Midwinter was the first bowler in the history of Test cricket to take a five-wicket haul on debut.[4] He took five wickets for 78 runs in the first innings of the inaugural Test match in March 1877 at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. Two other players, Englishman Alfred Shaw (five for 38) and Australian Tom Kendall (seven for 55), also took fifers in the same match. Midwinter's and Kendall's performances ensured Australia's 45-run victory over England.[6] Albert Trott's eight wickets for 43 runs in the second innings of the third Test of the series against England in 1894–95, are the best bowling analysis by any bowler on Test debut.[4][7][8] Six, thirteen and thirty-six bowlers from four, five and nine different nations respectively, have taken eight, seven and six wickets in a Test innings on debut. Eighty-six players from all Test playing nations have taken five wickets at their debut in Test cricket.[7] The latest cricketer to achieve this feat is Josh Hazlewood of Australia who took five wickets for 68 runs against India at The Gabba, Brisbane in December 2014.[9]

As of 2014, nine players have picked-up two five-wicket hauls on their Test debut. English cricketer Fred Martin was the first player to do so whereas Indian Narendra Hirwani is the latest bowler to take two five-wicket hauls on debut.[10]

Key[edit]

  • Date – Date the match was held. Starting date of the match for Test matches.
  • Overs – Number of overs bowled in that innings.
  • RunsRuns conceded.
  • Wkts – Number of wickets taken.
  • Batsmen – The batsmen whose wickets were taken in the five-wicket haul.
  • EconBowling economy rate (average runs per over).
  • Inn – The innings of the match in which the five-wicket haul was taken.
  • Result – The result for the team in that match.
  • ♠ – The bowler was selected "Man of the match".
  • * – 10 wickets or more taken in the match.

Australia[edit]

As of 2014, thirty-three Australian cricketers have taken five-wicket hauls at their debut in Test cricket.[11] Tom Kendall was the first bowler in the history of Test cricket to take a five-wicket haul on debut.[4] He took seven wickets for 55 runs in the second innings of the first ever Test match in March 1877 at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. His compatriot at the time, Billy Midwinter, also took five wickets for 78 runs in the match—the best bowling figures for an innings at that time.[6] Albert Trott eight wickets for 43 runs in 1894–95 against England are the best bowling analysis by any bowler on Test debut.[8][12] Josh Hazlewood is the latest Australian cricketer to achieve this feat; against India in December 2014, with five wickets for 68 runs at The Gabba, Brisbane.[11][13]

Bangladesh[edit]

As of 2014, six Bangladeshi Test cricketers have taken a five-wicket haul on debut against three different opponents: four times against the West Indies, and once against India and Zimbabwe each. Naimur Rahman was the first Bangladeshi player to take a five-wicket haul on his Test debut; he took six wickets for 132 runs against India at Bangabandhu National Stadium, Dhaka in November 2000. The feat was most recently achieved by Taijul Islam against the West Indies at the Arnos Vale Ground, Kingstown in September 2014, taking 5 wickets for 135 runs. The best bowling figures by a Bangladesh bowler on debut was achieved by Sohag Gazi, against the West Indies at the Shere Bangla National Stadium, Dhaka in November 2012; he took six wickets for 74 runs. Four of the players have taken six wickets in an innings on Test debut.[14]

England[edit]

As of 2014, forty-five English cricketers have taken a five-wicket haul on their debut in Test cricket.[15] Alfred Shaw was the first Englishman to take a five wicket haul at Test debut. He took five wickets for 38 runs in the first Test of the history, against Australia at the Melbourne Cricket Ground in March 1877, but could not prevent England's defeat. Two Australian bowlers also picked-up fifers in the same match.[6] Dominic Cork's seven wickets for 43 runs against West Indies in the second Test of the 1995 series are the best bowling analysis on debut.[16][17] The most recent Englishman to achieve the feat was Graham Onions; he took five wickets for 38 runs against West Indies at the Lord's Cricket Ground in May 2009.[15][18]

India[edit]

As of 2014, eight Indian Test cricketers have taken five-wicket haul on debut against four different opponents: three times against Australia and West Indies each, and once against England, India, and Pakistan each.[19] Mohammad Nissar was the first Indian player to take a five-wicket haul on his Test debut; he took five wickets for 93 runs against England at the Lord's Cricket Ground, London in June 1932.[20] Narendra Hirwani's eight wickets for 61 runs against West Indies at MA Chidambaram Stadium, Madras in January 1988, are the best bowling figures by an Indian bowler on Test debut. He is the only Indian to take eight wickets on Test debut; three other Indians have taken six wicket in an innings on Test debut. Most recently, the feat was achieved by Mohammed Shami, against the same team at the Eden Gardens, Kolkata in November 2013; he took five wickets for 47 runs.[21]

New Zealand[edit]

As of 2014, seven New Zealand cricketers have taken five-wicket hauls at their debuts in Test cricket. The fifers have come against five different opponents: three times against England, once against India, South Africa, Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe each. Fen Cresswell was he first New Zealander to take a fifer on Test debut, against England in 1949 at the Oval. He and Alex Moir are the two New Zealand players to take six wickets on Test debut. Two players have taken six wickets in an innings on Test debut. The latest cricketer to achieve this feat for New Zealand is Doug Bracewell; he took five wickets for 85 runs against Zimbabwe at Queens Sports Club, Bulawayo in November 2011.[22]

Pakistan[edit]

As of 2014, ten Pakistani Test cricketers have taken five-wicket haul on debut against seven different opponents: three times against New Zealand, twice against Australia, and once against Bangladesh, England, India, South Africa and Zimbabwe each.[19] Arif Butt was the first Pakistani player to take a five-wicket haul on his Test debut; he took six wickets for 89 runs against Australia in 1964.[23] Mohammad Zahid took seven wickets for 66 runs against New Zealand in 1996, the best bowling figures by a Pakistan bowler on debut. Seven wickets in a Test inning have been taken by two Pakistani bowler while another two bowlers have picked-up six wickets. Most recently, the feat was achieved by Tanvir Ahmed, against South Africa at the Sheikh Zayed Stadium, Abu Dhabi in 2010; he took six wickets for 120 runs.[19]

South Africa[edit]

As of 2014, twenty-two South African cricketers have taken five-wicket hauls at their debut in Test cricket; 17 of these fifers came before South Africa was banned from playing due to the apartheid policy. The fifers have come against six different opponents: most frequently—14 times—against England, three times against New Zealand, twice against Australia, and once against India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka each. The first South African to take a fifer on Test debut was Albert Rose-Innes, against England in 1889. Lance Klusener was the first bowler to take a debut fifer after the country started playing competitive cricket in 1991. Klusener's eight wickets for 64 runs against India are the best bowling analysis by a South African bowler on Test debut. He is the only South African to take eight Test wickets in an innings on debut. Seven and six wickets in a Test innings have been taken by four and five South African debutantes respectively. Kyle Abbott is the latest cricketer to achieve this feat; he took seven wickets for 29 runs against Pakistan in February 2013.[24]

Sri Lanka[edit]

As of 2014, two Sri Lanka cricketers, Kosala Kuruppuarachchi and Upul Chandana, have taken five wicket hauls on their Test debuts. Both of them achieved the feat against Pakistan; Kuruppuarachchi took five wickets at Colombo Cricket Club Ground in 1986 whereas Chandana's fifer came during the 1998–99 Asian Test Championship at Bangabandhu National Stadium, Dhaka. Chandana took six wickets for 179 runs in a losing cause.[25]

No. Bowler Date Ground Against Inn Overs Runs Wkts Econ Batsmen Result
1 Kosala Kuruppuarachchi March 14, 1986 Colombo Cricket Club Ground  Pakistan 1 14.5 44 5 2.96 Won[26]
2 Upul Chandana March 12, 1999 Bangabandhu National Stadium, Dhaka  Pakistan 2 47.5 179 6 3.74 Lost[27]

West Indies[edit]

As of 2014, nine Test cricketers from the West Indies have taken five-wicket haul on debut against five different opponents: four times against England, twice against India, and once against Australia, Pakistan and Sri Lanka each.[28] Hines Johnson was the first West Indian player to take a five-wicket haul on his Test debut; he took five wickets for 41 runs against England in March 1948.[29] Alf Valentine took eight wickets for 104 runs at Old Trafford in 1950, the best bowling figures by a West Indian bowler on debut. He is the only West Indian to take eight wickets in an innings on Test debut. Darren Sammy and Franklyn Rose took seven and six wickets on Test debut. Most recently, the feat was achieved by Fidel Edwards took six wickets for 120 runs against Sri Lanka at Sabina Park, Kingston, Jamaica in 2003, which is the most recent occasion on which a fifer was taken by a West Indian.[28]

Zimbabwe[edit]

As of 2014, two Zimbabwean cricketers, Andy Blignaut and John Nyumbu, have taken five wicket hauls on their Test debuts. Blignaut's five wicket haul came against Bangladesh in April 2001 at the Queens Sports Club, Bulawayo. Zimbabwe won the match by an innings and 32 runs.[30] Nyumbu took his five wickets against South Africa in August 2014 at the Harare Sports Club, Harare.

No. Bowler Date Ground Against Inn Overs Runs Wkts Econ Batsmen Result
1 Andy Blignaut April 19, 2001 Queens Sports Club, Bulawayo  Bangladesh 1 23.3 73 5 3.10 Won[31]
2 John Nyumbu August 9, 2014 Harare Sports Club, Harare  South Africa 1 49.3 157 5 3.17 Lost[32]

Two five-wicket hauls on debut[edit]

As of 2014, nine cricketers have taken two five-wicket hauls on their Test debut. English cricketer Fred Martin was the first player to do so;[10] he took six wickets for 50 and six wickets for 52 on his debut, against Australia in the second match of the 1890 Ashes series.[33] Indian player Narendra Hirwani is the latest bowler to take two five-wicket hauls on debut.[10] He took eight for 61 and eight for 75 on his debut, against the West Indies during the fourth Test of the 1987–88 series between the teams.[34] This is also the best match-figures by any bowler on Test debut.[35]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Buckle, Greg (30 April 2007). "Pigeon's almost perfect sendoff". Canberra Times. Retrieved 30 October 2009. McGrath didn't get the five-for that he had hoped for... 
  2. ^ "Swinging it for the Auld Enemy – An interview with Ryan Sidebottom". The Scotsman. 17 August 2008. Retrieved 30 October 2009. ... I'd rather take fifers (five wickets) for England ... 
  3. ^ Pervez, M. A. (2001). A Dictionary of Cricket. Orient Blackswan. p. 31. ISBN 978-81-7370-184-9. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Statistics/Statsguru/Test matches/Bowling records/Overall figures (by years)". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 7 September 2014. 
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  32. ^ "Only Test: Zimbabwe v South Africa at Harare, Aug 9-13, 2014". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
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  34. ^ "West Indies tour of India, 1987/88 – 4th Test". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 19 December 2011. 
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