List of The 39 Clues characters

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is the list of fictional and non-fictional characters who appeared in The 39 Clues franchise. They may appear in The 39 Clues books and audiobooks, cards, or the series' official website.

Contents

Teams[edit]

Team One: The Kabras [edit]

Ian, Natalie, and Isabel Kabra (all from London, United Kingdom)[1] are the richest and most ruthless team in the quest. Isabel Kabra née Vesper-Hollingsworth is the wife of Vikram Kabra, both of whom are the billionaire parents of Ian and Natalie. Ian is 14 years old while Natalie is eleven. Both children have cinnamon-complexion skin.[2] Ian is interested in jets while Natalie is a shopaholic. Ian also has feelings for Amy Cahill, despite the disagreement of his mother. Natalie always carries a poison dart gun with her for protection.[3] Isabel, on the other hand, is an art dealer like her husband Vikram.[4] She is so desperate for Clues that she is even willing to risk the lives of her own children.[5] She also killed five people; including Hope Cahill, possibly Arthur Trent, Irina Spasky, Lester Dixon, and Nathaniel Hartford.[6][7] Originally, siblings Ian and Natalie are the only ones who accepted the challenge. In the sixth book, Isabel officially joins her children due to her annoyance to them always failing to find Clues. In the end, Isabel was imprisoned for the rest of her life,[5] and as a result of their parent's fates,Ian and Natalie are now the current leaders of the Lucians.[8] Isabel was sentenced to life in jail with no chance of parole by Vespers due to her failing her mission. Isabel found a way back into the world her cover is AidWorksWonders. In Day of Doom, Natalie is electrocuted on the Machina Fini Mundi. Isabel sees Natalie's dead body and drinks the Master Serum, attacking Vesper One. The device then explodes, killing Isabel and Vesper One. They are all Lucians. Their respective cards range from No. 178 (Ian), No. 112 (Natalie), and No. 177 (Isabel).[9]

Team Two: The Holts[edit]

The Holt family is composed of Arnold, Eisenhower, Hamilton, Madison, Reagan, and Mary-Todd Holt (all from Milwaukee, Wisconsin, except Mary-Todd, who is from Daytona Beach, Florida).[10] They are the strongest team in the quest. Eisenhower and Mary-Todd provide as the parents of Hamilton Pierre, Madison, and Reagan.[11] Arnold, the family pit bull, is also considered as member of the family. Hamilton is fifteen years old while identical twins Madison and Reagan are both eleven. The whole family commonly wear matching purple jogsuits, and they always travel with Arnold. Eisenhower is a failed soldier and agent from the United States Military Academy and Federal Bureau of Investigation, respectively; and has been working as a security guard since then.[12] He was apparently expelled from West Point Military Academy due to an accusation by Arthur Trent, who was his roommate. He is also one of those witnesses of Hope Cahill's and Arthur Trent's deaths. Hamilton is a member of his school's football team,[10] and is a master of parkour.[13] He is also good in technology and computers as well. Throughout the books, Hamilton provides the best defense for Amy and Dan Cahill during their alliances, especially in Into the Gauntlet.[5][14] Madison is good in ice hockey while Reagan's profession is kickboxing.[13] Reagan, however, is the most compassionate member of the family, and she is as well taking ballet lessons.[15] Hamilton, Madison, and Reagan are considered as their school's bullies. Arnold is very fond of biting others. They are all Tomas. Their respective cards range from No. 145 (Eisenhower), No. 238 (Mary-Todd), No. 90 (Hamilton), No. 187 (Madison), and No. 123 (Reagan).[9] Arnold's official cards are No. 403, No. 412, No. 414, and No. 418.[9]

Team Three: Alistair Oh[edit]

Alistair Oh (from Seoul, South Korea)[16] is one of the wittiest clue hunters in the quest. He always holds his diamond-tipped cane with him while traveling.[17] Alistair is also the inventor of microwavable burritos.[18] Although he lost much of his money on bad investments,[19] he managed to live by himself since the death of his father Gordon. Alistair makes alliances with other teams to let them find the Clues to himself.[18] Also, he was one of the witnesses of Hope Cahill's and Arthur Trent's deaths. He turned Isabel Kabra over to the police, putting her in prison until her death.[5] He is an Ekat, wherein his uncle Bae is the branch leader.[20] His official card is No. 34.[9]

Team Four: The Starling Triplets[edit]

Ned, Ted, and Sinead Starling (all from Oak Bluffs, Massachusetts)[21] are the most surprising team in the quest. Ned Haverford, Ted, and Sinead are commonly seen in their preppy clothes. In the first book, while at the Franklin Institute, an explosion occurs that severely hurts them. They were hospitalized for months, only to be grounded by their parents after they recover;[22] thus, they cannot continue on their quest. However, they found medical procedures to speed up healing for their injuries, but still leaving Ned with recurring and painful headaches and Ted partly blind. They have read up on the hunt during their hospital days to keep up with the other teams. Sinead has become very protective of her brothers since their incident and made it her goal to use the master serum to cure them.[5] They are all Ekats. In the 4th book of the second series, it was revealed that Sinead was Vesper 3. They do not have any respective cards.

Team Five: Irina Spasky[edit]

Irina Nikolaievna Spaskaya[23] (from St. Petersburg, Russia)[24] is the most mysterious person in the quest. She is forty-seven years old, and always wears her KGB uniform, which she used during the Cold War.[25] She also always carries fingernail injectors filled with poison for protection.[25] Her left eye commonly twitches when she's nervous.[26] Irina's husband was killed by Isabel Kabra,since he was next in line for Lucian leadership. Irina also had a son named Nikolai who died while she was on a mission. In the sixth book, Irina is incinerated while saving Amy Cahill, Dan Cahill, and Alistair Oh from Alistair's burning apartment. In the last book, it was revealed that she gave Alistair a short-term memory loss pill before her death.[5] She is a Lucian. Her official cards are No. 74 and No. 107.[9]

Team Six: The Wizards[edit]

Jonah (from Los Angeles, California)[27] and Broderick Wizard (from Dallas, Texas) are the most famous team in the quest. Jonah is fifteen years old.[6] Jonah is an award-winning musician, artist, writer, producer, and entrepreneur; with his father Broderick serving as his personal manager. Jonah always wear blings around his neck, while Broderick always brings his BlackBerry with him. Cora Wizard, Broderick's wife, trains Jonah to become a killer.[6] Also in the eighth book, Jonah decided to quit the quest, only to return in the last book, where he was revealed to be a fan of William Shakespeare. Jonah is a Janus, wherein Cora serves as one of the branch leaders. Although Broderick is not a Cahill, he knows three more Clues than his family suspect he knows.[28] Jonah's official card is No. 80, while Broderick is No. 153.[9]

Team Seven: Amy and Dan Cahill[edit]

Amy and Dan Cahill (both from Boston, Massachusetts)[29] are the protagonists of the franchise. Amy is fourteen years old while Dan is eleven. Both of them have jade eyes.[30] Amy is interested in books and libraries while Dan is fascinated in collections, ninjas, mathematics,random facts, and has a photographic memory. Amy, however, is agoraphobic and pyrophobic;[2][31] while Dan has asthma and is claustrophobic as a result. Ian Kabra also had a crush on Amy. They were both wards of Beatrice Cahill since the death of their parents Hope Cahill and Arthur Trent.[32] Throughout the hunt, Amy, and Dan provided the least power to search for the Clues. Surprisingly, they have collected as much Clues as everyone in the hunt, with the help of Nellie Gomez . In the end, Amy and Dan reunite the Cahill family altogether, bringing peace to every Cahill who worked almost 500 years for finding the 39 Clues. Following the events of Into The Gauntlet Amy is named their grandmother Grace's successor and head of the family. [5] They are now in custody of Nellie Gomez and Fiske Cahill. Their branch is revealed late in the series to be Madrigals; the secret fifth branch descended from Madeleine Cahill.[5] Amy's official card is No. 18 while Dan's is No. 2.[9]

Branch Leaders[edit]

Grace Cahill[edit]

Grace Cahill (from Attleboro, Massachusetts) was the matriarch of the Cahill family. She died[33] when she was seventy-nine years old.[34] She had a jade necklace that she always wore until her death.[35] She was a professional pilot,[36] and had a private airplane that she flew around the world with, which she named The Flying Lemur.[34] During her life, she had been lonely due to the deaths of her relatives (her husband Nathaniel Hartford,[34] her daughter Hope Cahill,[34] and her son-in-law Arthur Trent[34]). Even though, she managed to keep all the Clues safe in her hands until her death just after she altered her will and thus started the quest.[37] Her official cards are No. 59, #133, and No. 197.[9]

William McIntyre[edit]

William McIntyre[38] (from Boston, Massachusetts)[39] is the lawyer of Grace Cahill. During his childhood, he once had a dog named Oliver. He is the one who told the seven teams about the quest. He had been following Amy and Dan Cahill since the beginning of the quest. After the death of Grace Cahill, he was instructed to lead the group with the help of Fiske Cahill. He dies in the second book of the second series. He does not have a card, but appears in No. 200.

Isabel Kabra[edit]

Isabel Kabra is the main antagonist of the first series, and mother of Ian and Natalie. She was the one who murdered Amy and Dan's parents, and she eventually murdered Irina Spasky as well. She created the Final Serum as part of an attempt to become the most powerful Human on Earth, but the vial containing it smashed. She was knocked out, and later taken into police custody. To get out of prison, she created a service called AidsWorksWonders, but it is revealed later that she simply pays people to claim that her organization helped them.

Vikram Kabra[edit]

Vikram Kabra (from London, United Kingdom)[1] was the leader of the Lucians, which he shared with his wife Isabel Kabra.[8] He was an art dealer who served as Ian and Natalie Kabra's father. Later on, it was revealed that, only a few hours after Isabel's arrest, he chartered a plane to Brazil to avoid questioning. His card is No. 232.[9]

Ruslan Radova[edit]

Ruslan Radova (from Volgograd, Russia) was the former leader of the Lucians.[40] He is the husband of Anastasia Romanov, and the father of Nataliya Ruslanova Radova.[40] He is known for being as ruthless as Isabel Kabra.His best friend was Nikilovana Spasky.[40] He does not have a card.

Nikilovana Spasky[edit]

Nikilovana Spasky (from Moscow, Russia) was the husband of Irina Spasky and the father of Nikolai Spasky. He was a Lucian.He was next in line to be the leader of Lucians, but he was killed by Isabel Kabra. He was killed five months after his son was born. He was the best friend of Ruslan Radova. He does not have a card.

Bae Oh[edit]

Bae Oh (from Seoul, South Korea)[41] was the leader of the Ekats.[20] He is eighty-seven years old. He is commonly holding his silver-tipped cane. His twin brother, Gordon, was murdered by a killer he hired sixty years ago.[6] He is Alistair Oh's uncle. When Alistair returned from the Madrigal gauntlet, he tricked Bae into confessing that he killed Gordon Oh and Bae was subsequently arrested for murder, arms dealing, assault, and battery. He was tortured to death. His card is No. 168.[9]

Ivan Kleister[edit]

Ivan Kleister (from Oslo, Norway)[42] is the leader of the Tomas.[43] He is a champion skier. He is frequently competing with Eisenhower Holt for the branch leadership, even though he already has the position. His card is No. 188.[9]

Cora Wizard[edit]

Cora Wizard (from Los Angeles, California)[44] is one of the leaders of the Janus.[45] She is the talented wife of Broderick. She is the youngest person to receive a Nobel Prize in Literature.[46] She trains her son Jonah to become a killer.[6] Her card is No. 152.[9]

Spencer Gray[edit]

Spencer Langendoen, also known by his professional name Spencer Gray (from New York City), was one of the leaders of the Janus.[45] He does not have a card. When he would not step down, Cora Wizard leaked fake documents about him and he stepped down in disgrace.

Halima Amadi[edit]

Halima Amadi (from New York City) was one of the leaders of the Janus.[45] She does not have a card. She was bribed by Cora Wizard to step down from her post as leader.

Current Branch Leaders[edit]

Ian Kabra[edit]

Ian Kabra (from London, United Kingdom) is the current branch leaders of the Lucians since their father went into hiding and their mother went to jail for the murder of Hope Cahill and Arthur Trent. Ian inherited the multi-millionaire estate and art dealership. Natalie was killed in Day of Doom, in just Ian is the single Lucian leader.

Jonah and Broderick Wizard[edit]

Jonah Wizard and his father Broderick (from Los Angeles, California) are the current branch leaders of the Janus prior to Cora Wizard's disappearance.

Sinead Starling[edit]

Sinead Starling (from Oak Bluffs, Massachusetts) is the current next in-line for branch leader of the Ekats since Bae Oh was arrested. She was revealed as Vesper 3 in the 4th book of the second series. It was supposed to be Alistair Oh until he died in the second series.

Amy and Dan Cahill[edit]

Amy and Dan are the leaders of the Madrigals. Amy is 14 in the first series during the Clue Hunt while 16 in the next ones while Dan is 11 in the first series and 13 in the next ones.

Founders[edit]

A collage of the images found behind Cards No. 6, #19, No. 33, #78, No. 91, #111, No. 149, #165, No. 211, and No. 220, also called The Jefferson Puzzle. The collage forms a painting made by artist Fiske Cahill. The painting features the four Cahill founders (from left to right: Katherine, Thomas, Jane, and Luke) fighting each other for causing their house going on fire and the death of their father Gideon (center right). Their mother Olivia (bottom right) screams in terror. Six black-coated men are also seen leaving the scene (far left and far right). On the left is Damien Vesper, leader of the Vespers; and on the right is some of Damien's followers, fleeing the scene. Vesper was going to get the serum by any means, but Gideon set the house on fire.

Gideon Cahill[edit]

Gideon Cahill (from Cahill Island, Ireland)[47] is the father of the founders of the five branches. He was one of the smartest scientists in Ireland in his time, having discovered how to turn lead into gold.[48] This was the reason that the townsfolk asked for his help to create a cure for the plague. However, instead of creating the cure, he also discovered a serum that would enhance an individual's abilities in every kind of human endeavor, but it killed him from inside. Thus, he gave each of his children a part of the formula for safe guarding, improving their skills. Then he destroyed his research and died on the way. The children wanted the whole serum, and consequently continued to fight for it until the reunification caused by Amy and Dan Cahill's efforts.[5][49] He died in a house fire caused by the Vesper family. He does not have a card. He had a ring that is very important and powerful – the Vespers hunt for it.

Olivia Cahill[edit]

Olivia Cahill (from Cahill Island, Ireland)[47] is the mother of all the five branches. She is the supportive wife of Gideon Cahill. After Gideon's death, her children began on going their separate ways and created their own branches to compete with each other for the serum's powers.[49] She does not have a card. She inherited the ring as a token of love from Gideon after he died.

Madeleine Cahill[edit]

Madeleine Cahill (from Cahill Island, Ireland)[47] is the founder of the Madrigals. She is the sister of Thomas, Luke, Jane and Katherine. After the fire, Thomas, Luke, Jane, and Katherine went and founded the branches. They left their mother behind, not knowing that she was pregnant with their sister. Olivia raised Madeleine alone, stressing her desire for the branches to unite. Madeleine is rumored to have some dealings with the Vespers concerning Olivia's death, which suggests she knew who started the fire.

Katherine Cahill[edit]

Katherine Cahill (from Cahill Island, Ireland)[47] is the founder of the Ekats. She is the sister of Thomas, Luke, Jane and Madeleine Cahill. She is fond of technology and science.[49] She has a deep abhorrence with Thomas that she managed to steal one of his clues.[50] Her branch originally settled in Cairo, and continued to spread worldwide.[51] She received the power of great knowledge and creativity through the serum.[49] Her official card is No. 99.[9]

Thomas Cahill[edit]

Thomas Cahill (from Cahill Island, Ireland)[47] is the founder of the Tomas. He is the brother of Luke, Katherine, Jane, and Madeleine. He likes sports and games, as well as traveling.[49] He has a high disgust with Katherine Cahill due to Katherine stealing one of his clues.[50] His branch originally settled in Tokyo, and continued to spread worldwide.[51] He received the power of great strength and agility through the serum.[49] His official card is No. 124.[9]

Luke Cahill[edit]

Luke Cahill (from Cahill Island, Ireland)[47] is the founder of the Lucians. He is the brother of Thomas, Katherine, Jane,and Madeleine. He is fond of poison and daggers, wherein Sir Isaac Newton found one of his swords.[49] His branch originally settled in London, where he served as one of the advisors of King Henry VII, and continued to spread worldwide.[51] This is proved by the diary which he gave to Jane, which is what she witnessed.[49] He received the power of great violence and secrecy through the serum.[49] His official card is No. 115.[9]

Jane Cahill[edit]

Jane Cahill (from Cahill Island, Ireland)[47] is the founder of the Janus. She is the sister of Thomas, Luke, Katherine,and Madeleine. She is good at writing and painting, as well as at music. It is said that she knew who caused the fire.[49] Her branch originally settled in Venice, and continued to spread worldwide.[49] She received the power of great talents and skills through the serum.[49] Her official card is No. 82.[9]

Damien Vesper[edit]

Damien Vesper is the founder of the Vesper Organization. He used to be good friends with Gideon Cahill.

Grace Cahill's Family[edit]

Amy Cahill[edit]

Born as Amy Hope Cahill. She was only 7 years old when her parents died.Became Madrigal Branch Leader at 15.

Dan Cahill[edit]

Born as Daniel Arthur Cahill. He was only 4 years old when his parents died, and he and Amy were on the most wanted list.

Hope Cahill[edit]

Hope Trent née Cahill-Hartford (from Attleboro, Massachusetts)[34] is the daughter of Grace Cahill.[34] She is Amy and Dan Cahill's mother who is an archaeologist.[52] She met Arthur Trent when she was in Istanbul, Turkey,[52] and later married him. She perished in her burning house with Arthur when she was forty-one years old.[7][32][34] The fire was started by Isabel Kabra.[6] She is a Madrigal. Her card is No. 247.[9]

Arthur Trent[edit]

Arthur Josiah Trent[7] (from Attleboro, Massachusetts)[34] was the husband of Hope Cahill.[34] He is Amy and Dan Cahill's father who is a nonlinear dynamics and quantum field theory professor.[7] He is a United States Military Academy drop-out. Arthur Trent was born into a family with close ties to the Vespers (the only other family that knows about the 39 clues excluding the Cahills.) He was raised to believe that the Cahills were weaklings and that the power of the clues belonged in Vesper hands. He had been sent to Turkey to find Hope and make her fall in love with him. However, when Arthur actually met his beautiful target, something happened. He was enchanted by her intelligence, her kindness, and the way her nose twitched when she laughed. In Turkey, Arthur then learned some terrifying information about the Vespers. He realized that he needed to cut his ties to the organization, although the act would put him in danger for the rest of his life. Before he proposed, Arthur told Hope the truth about his background, but Hope already knew. William McIntyre's spies had been following him for months. He was believed to have perished in his burning house with Hope when he was forty-two years old, but in the book A King's Ransom it is revealed that he may be alive and still a Vesper. This theory is later disproved.[7][32][34][52] The fire was started by Isabel Kabra.[6] He is not a Madrigal, but was one of the most active people in the Madrigals.[53] His card is No. 246.[9]

Fiske Cahill[edit]

Fiske Green-Cahill (AKA the Man in Black or the Man in Gray) (from Attleboro, Massachusetts)[34][54] is the brother of Grace Cahill.[34] An artist, Fiske was last seen leaving his painting studio before his disappearance forty-six years ago.[54] Today, he is now disguising himself as an unknown assailant termed the Man in Black due to his oily-black suit that hides his entire body.[55] He has been spying on the other teams since then. In the ninth book, he is shortly known as the Man in Gray, only to reveal his true identity to Amy and Dan Cahill later on. In the last book, he tells Amy and Dan about the Vespers, and later on adopts Amy and Dan.[5] He is a Madrigal. His official card is No. 198 for his true identity, No. 203 for his alter ego Man in Black, and No. 208 for his other identity Man in Gray.[9]

Saladin[edit]

Saladin (from Attleboro, Massachusetts)[56] is the Egyptian Mau of Grace Cahill. He is very fond of red snappers.[57] He is named after Saladin, whose full name was Salah ad-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyub, and who was the Muslim prince who led the Muslims during the Crusades. Since the death of Grace, Saladin was missing until Amy and Dan Cahill found him, and has joined them in the hunt since then. He is a Madrigal. His cards are No. 33, #140, and No. 202.[9]

Nathaniel Hartford[edit]

Nathaniel Hartford (from Cambridge, Massachusetts)[34] was the husband of Grace Cahill.[34] He was killed by Isabel Kabra while in Moscow, since he was looking for revenge from Isabel Kabra for killing his daughter, Hope Cahill.[34] He is a Madrigal. He does not have a card.

Beatrice Cahill[edit]

Beatrice Green-Cahill (from Attleboro, Massachusetts)[34] is the sister of Grace Cahill.[34] She is the mean, arrogant daughter of James Cahill who accepted the responsibility of taking care of Amy and Dan Cahill.[30] She is not involved in the hunt, since she took the million dollars instead. She knows how it affected the lives of their family. She sent a private investigator after Amy and Dan after they joined the hunt, but after long efforts, stopped on finding them. She has been divorced thrice to, namely: Stephano Breglio, Jean-Luc Benoit, and Sergei Baskov. She is an inactive Madrigal. She does not have a card.

James Cahill[edit]

James St. James Cahill (from Attleboro, Massachusetts)[34] is the father of Grace Cahill.[34] He is a Madrigal and the half-brother of Gordon Oh. He does not have a card.

Edith Green[edit]

Edith Cahill née Schneider-Green (from Attleboro, Massachusetts)[34] is the mother of Grace Cahill.[34] She is a Madrigal. She does not have a card.

Henry Cahill[edit]

Henry Cahill (from Attleboro, Massachusetts) is the paternal grandfather of Grace Cahill.[34] He is both married to Flora Cahill St. James and Hae-In Oh. He is a Madrigal. He does not have a card.

Flora Cahill St. James[edit]

Flora Cahill née Cahill-St. James (from Attleboro, Massachusetts) is the paternal grandmother of Grace Cahill. She is both married to Henry Cahill and Hatta Oh.[34] She is a Madrigal. She does not have a card.

Hae-In Oh[edit]

Hae-In Cahill née Oh (from Seoul, South Korea) is the paternal step-grandmother of Grace Cahill.[34] She is an Ekat. She is both married to Hatta Oh and Henry Cahill.She does not have a card.

Hatta Oh[edit]

Hatta Oh (from Seoul, South Korea) is the paternal step-grandfather of Grace Cahill.He is an Ekat.He is both married to Hae-In-Oh and Flora Cahill St. James.He does not have a card.

Gordon Oh[edit]

Gordon Oh (from Seoul, South Korea) is the twin of Bae Oh, and the half-uncle of Grace Cahill. He is also the father of Alistair Oh.[6] He was murdered by Bae sixty years ago.[6] He is an Ekat. His official card is No. 227.[9]

Lin Kim[edit]

Lin Oh née Kim (from Seoul, South Korea) is the step-aunt of Grace Cahill.[34] She is Gordon Oh's wife and Alistair Oh's mother. She is an Ekat. She does not have a card.

Bae Oh[edit]

See Bae Oh'.

Alistair Oh[edit]

The uncle of Amy and Dan, he was raised by his own uncle, the evil Bae Oh (who hired a man to murder Alistair's father). He made many alliances with Amy and Dan. In Book 3, he faked his own death and then stole the Clue, running off to take revenge on Bae. It did not take long for Amy and Dan to realize that Alistair's death was fake. However, he gained their trust again in Book 4, and he was the one who helped them find the next few leads. He gave Amy and Dan a trip to the possible location of a Clue in In Too Deep, and all three of them were trapped in his apartment, which was set on fire by Isabel Kabra. He escaped without helping anyone else out, but Amy and Dan got out after Irina Spasky saved them (and died in the process). Alistair once tricked Bae into admitting he had Gordon murdered, and Bae was taken to a Madrigal prison, where he was tortured to death.

Uncle Jose[edit]

Jose Correa (from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) is one of Grace Cahill's long-distance cousins, referred by Amy and Dan Cahill as "Uncle Jose".[58] He is one of those chosen by Grace to participate in the hunt, but took the million dollars.[58]

Cousin Ingrid[edit]

Ingrid Martinson (from Oslo, Norway) is one of Grace Cahill's long distance nieces, referred by Amy and Dan Cahill as "Cousin Ingrid".[58] She is one of those chosen by Grace to participate in the hunt, but took the million dollars.[58]

Minor Book characters[edit]

Fidelio Racco[edit]

Fidelio Racco (from Venice, Italy) was a famous shipper. He was a close friend of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, who ordered from him Japanese steel to serve as a Clue in the second book and the third book.[59] His mansion now serves as a museum, the Collezione di Racco, to protect the Clue from discovery.[9]

NRR[edit]

Nataliya Ruslanova Radova, more commonly known as NRR, (from Volgograd, Russia) is the daughter of Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia and Ruslan Radova, the former branch leader of the Lucians. She suffers from hemophilia (a continuation of the Royal Haemophilia Line), and owns the ring of Czar Nikolai I of Russia.[60] She is a Madrigal. It is revealed in the Black Book of Buried Secrets that she was a Lucian double agent. She does not have a card.

Bob Troppo[edit]

Robert Cahill Henderson, also known by his alias name Bob Troppo, (from Coober Pedy, Australia) is an infamous scientist. He was one of the Cahills who came close in finding all 39 Clues. Days before his marriage, he managed to steal all Clues from the branch of his fiancėe, and was charged for stealing by the family. His laboratory was also destroyed during the eruption of Krakatoa. He is an Ekat. He has no card.

Nikolai Spasky[edit]

Nikolai Spaskaya (lt. Nikolai Spasky) (from St. Petersburg, Russia) is the son of Irina and Nikivlona Spasky. His father died five months after he was born. It is said that his mother never talked about his father much, and even when he asked about him, she replied You'll learn later. Sadly he never did.[61] During age eight, Nikolai had a terrible disease which made his body numb. Irina never left his side, until Isabel Kabra assigned her to a mission in Helsinki. While on espionage, Irina had no contacts to the doctor, who had already confirmed Nikolai's death.[61] He is a Lucian.[61] He does not have a card.

Robert Bardsley[edit]

Robert Bardsley (from Pretoria, South Africa) is a music professor. He is a friend of Winifred Thembeka. He was a member of the Tomas until he discovered the true intentions of the branch. It is revealed that he joined the Madrigals later. He does not have a card.

Sammy Mourad[edit]

Sammy Mourad is a student at Columbia University who made the Serum with Dan in Trust No One. He is kidnapped by J. Rutherford Pierce in Nowhere to Run but was saved by Nellie in Breakway and has sinced formed a relationship with her. He is part Lucian and part Ekaterina.

Minor Card characters[edit]

Victor Wood[edit]

Victor Wood (from London, United Kingdom)[62] is a chemist of the Ekats. He is researching on a Clue under Dr. Lee.[63] He was also sent to Easter Island to spy the headquarters of Madrigals. His card is No. 23.[9]

Gordon Klose[edit]

Gordon L. Klose (from Tbilisi, Georgia)[64] is a Lucian agent of Section 7 of the Government of the United States. He is apparently spying on Grace Cahill.[65] His card is No. 39.[9]

Alana Flores[edit]

Alana Flores (from Los Angeles, USA)[66] was a chess prodigy of the Lucians. Her request to accompany The Kabras on the hunt was rejected by the branch due to her obvious ruthlessness.[67] Also, she was sent to Easter Island to spy the headquarters of Madrigals. Her card is No. 40.[9]

Heinrich Heinrichson[edit]

Heinrich Heinrichson (from Berlin, Germany)[68] is an escaped prisoner of the Tomas. He is spying on William McIntyre.[69] His card is No. 50.[9]

Yasmeen Badawi[edit]

Yasmeen Badawi (from Maadi, Egypt)[70] is a robotic inventor of the Ekats. She was hired by Bae Oh to invent robots to be sent for Clue search in Anak Krakatoa, Indonesia.[71] Her card is No. 97.[9]

Sophie Watson[edit]

Sophie Watson (from London, United Kingdom)[72] is a Janus dancer. She is competing with Natalie Kabra on a Clue in her hometown.[73] Her card is No. 151.[9]

Devin Cooper[edit]

Devin Cooper (from Evanston, Illinois)[72] is an Ekat treehouse engineer. He is building several booby-traps for the Ekat's safe-keeping of the Rosetta Stone in England. His card is No. 167.[9]

Teodora Kosara[edit]

Teodora Kosara (from Sofia, Bulgaria)[74] is an Ekat. She is looking for Clues everywhere in the world by sabotaging other people around her.In the Black Book of Buried Secrets,it is proved she has ties with the Vespers.[75] Her card is No. 169.[9]

Andras Gergely[edit]

Andras Gergely (from Budapest, Hungary)[76] is a Lucian. He is planning to conquer all branches with his branch.[77] His card is No. 179.[9]

Maleia Kalani[edit]

Maleia Kalani (from Honolulu, Hawaii)[78] is a Tomas surfer. She was sent to Easter Island to spy the headquarters of Madrigals. Her card is No. 189.[9]

Mission characters[edit]

Mission 0: Agent Training[edit]

Mission 1: The Lost Clue[edit]

  • Anne Cahill (from Drumnadrochit, United Kingdom[36]) is an Ekat passenger of RMS Titanic. She was sent from Scotland to US to transport a Clue, only to almost perish on the ship.[36] She stayed at Experiment, US to hide her identity and to keep Clue hunters away from the Clue.[36] She has no card.
  • George McClain (from Experiment, Georgia[36]) is a Tomas funeral director. He is looking for the Clue in Mission 1 after having suspicions unto Anne Cahill.[36][79] His card is No. 5.[9]
  • Paul Addison (from Drumnadrochit, United Kingdom[36]) is a Tomas resident. He is spying on Charlie Wallace and the Loch Ness Monster, and tries to prove that the monster is only a hoax.[9] His card is No. 49.[9]
  • Charlie Wallace (from Drumnadrochit, United Kingdom[36]) is an Ekat resident. He owns the souvenir shop Nessie Shack, and tries to prove to everyone that the Loch Ness Monster is real. In reality, he is protecting the Clue in Mission 1 with a submarine designed to act like the Loch Ness Monster. He does not have a card.

Mission 3: The Lost Diamond[edit]

Mission 4: The Lucian Fort[edit]

Mission 5: The General's Clue[edit]

Mission 6: The Mad Scientist's Clue[edit]

Mission 7: The Frozen Secret[edit]

Mission 8: The Desert Sabotage[edit]

Non-Cahill Characters[edit]

Nellie Gomez[edit]

Nellie Gomez (from Boston, Massachusetts)[84] is Amy and Dan Cahill's au pair.[84] She is an aspiring chef and musician.[84] She is considered as Amy and Dan's guardian throughout their travel. Throughout the books, she is the children's only trusted adult, until they learn she is a spy (hired by Grace Cahill). In the sixth book, she is revealed to be a trained pilot. She was later in the series granted active Madrigal status. Her card is No. 244.[9]

Hilary Vale[edit]

Hilary Vale (from Cairo, Egypt) is Grace Cahill's best friend. She is also Theo Cotter's grandmother. In the fourth book, she saves Amy and Dan Cahill from the Ekats. She also gives Amy and Dan the third Sakhet. Later, she tries to steal the third Sakhet from the children.

Theo Cotter[edit]

Theo Cotter (from Cairo, Egypt) is Hilary Vale's grandson. He is an archaeologist and Egyptologist who saved Amy and Dan Cahill from a trap. He helped them recover the third Sakhet in the fourth book. However, he tried to steal it from them later with his aunt. Due to guilt, he sent Irina Spasky away from the children.

Sami Kamel[edit]

Sami Kamel (from Cairo, Egypt) is the store owner of Treasures of Egypt. In the fourth book, his store secretly hides the Clue which Amy and Dan Cahill found.

Shep Trent[edit]

Shepard "Shep" Trent (from Sydney)[85] is a professional pilot and surfer.[85] He is Arthur Trent's best friend and cousin.[85] He helped Amy and Dan Cahill escape Isabel Kabra and flies them to Coober Pedy, Australia.[85]

Winifred Thembeka[edit]

Winifred Thembeka (from Johannesburg, South Africa)[86] is one of Grace Cahill's friends. She is a librarian.[86] In the seventh book, she gives Amy and Dan Cahill access to some of their grandmother Grace Cahill's belongings and photos.[86]

Lester Dixon[edit]

Lester Dixon (from Spanish Town, Jamaica) is one of Grace Cahill's friends. He is an archaeologist.[49] Although he helped Amy and Dan Cahill throughout the book, he abandons them amidst their confrontation of Isabel Kabra.[49] He drowns on quicksand after trying to help Anton and Hugo Aguelles, Isabel's bodyguards; and is later pulled by policemen from the water.[49]

The Aguelles Siblings[edit]

Anton and Hugo Aguelles (from Kingston, Jamaica) are Isabel Kabra's ginormous bodyguards. They were only present in the ninth book, where they had caused much havoc to Amy and Dan Cahill.[49] During an escape, the Aguelles were trapped on quicksand. Lester Dixon helped them, but instead the siblings used Lester as a ladder and led him to his death.[49]

Amur Viper Hotel Doorman[edit]

The doorman of Amur Viper Hotel (from Bishkek, Kyrgyztan)[81] gave information about Ian and Natalie Kabra's whereabouts and access to their hotel room in Mission 4.[81]

Edison National Historic Site Tour Guide[edit]

The tour guide of the Edison National Historic Site (from West Orange, USA)[83] gave information about the rivalry between Nikola Tesla and Thomas Edison in Mission 6.[83]

Non-Fictional Cahills[edit]

The following people are listed in alphabetical order and are grouped depending on their defined branch.

Ekaterina[edit]

Janus[edit]

  • Ustad Ahmad Lahauri (from Lahore, Pakistan) is a famous architect.[89] During the construction of Taj Mahal, he was assigned to hide a Clue in one of his fortresses. He chose the Red Fort, specifically the Diwan-i-Khas, as the location of the Clue in Mission 2.[89]
  • King Ludwig (Ludwig Otto Friedrich Wilhelm;[90] sometimes rendered as Louis II in English) was King of Bavaria from 1864 until shortly before his death. He is sometimes called the Swan King (English) and der Märchenkönig, the Fairy tale King, (German). Ludwig is sometimes also called "Mad King Ludwig", though the accuracy of that label has been disputed. Additional titles were Count Palatine of the Rhine, Duke of Bavaria, Franconia and in Swabia.[91]
  • Nannerl Mozart (from Salzburg, Austria) was a musician.[59] After her death, her diary was kept inside a library in Vienna because of its significant value.[59] It also provides information of his brother's acquisition of Japanese steel, which was actually a hint to the Clue in both the second book and the third book.[59] She has no card.
  • Raoul Lufbery was a French-American fighter pilot and flying ace in World War I. Because he served in both French aviation, and later the United States Army Air Service in World War I, he is sometimes listed as a French ace and sometimes as an American ace, though all but one of his 17 combat victories came while flying in French units. He was famous for having a pet lion.
  • Johnny Depp is an American actor and musician known for his portrayals of offbeat, eccentric characters in a wide variety of dramas and fantasy films. He has won the Golden Globe Award and Screen Actors Guild award for major roles in recent films.
  • Mark Twain was an author. It is revealed in Book 6 that he was almost killed by Robert Cahill Henderson/Bob Troppo.

Lucian[edit]

  • Napoleon I, (from Ajaccio, France) is an influential political leader and emperor.[51] In the fourth book, during his Egyptian expedition, he finds the first Sakhet among his Rosetta Stone discovery.[51] Shortly after, he commands Bernardino Drovetti to deliver the Sakhet in France.[51] In Mission 5, he sends a secret letter to King Ferdinard of Spain, telling him to take action against Tomas Simon Boliviar. His card is No. 180.[9]
  • Benjamin Franklin (from Boston, USA) is an influential author, politician, scientist, inventor, statesman, soldier, and diplomat.[58] In the first book, while commissioned by the United States to Paris, he hid a Clue located under the Paris Catacombs.[58] It started the rivalry between him and his own branch.[58] He has no official card.
  • Barack Obama, the 44th president of the United States of America. Stated in The Black Book of Buried Secrets, Barack Obama was a Lucian who never had training, but is a top Lucian right after Alana Flores and before Nataliya Ruslanovna Radova, otherwise known as NRR in The Black Circle. He has no official cards.

Tomas[edit]

  • George Mallory was a British teacher and mountaineer. He died on Mount Everest when he tried to hide a Clue.

Madrigal[edit]

  • Anne Bonny disguised herself as a man to travel for the clue hunt. She owns a locket with the photo of Madeleine Cahill.
  • Amelia Earhart is a pilot. In Book 6 it is revealed that she was searching for Bob Troppo.
  • William Shakespeare is Madeleine's grandson. He was the most powerful agent in the branch. However, when his children was born he became an inactive agent. He includes some clues in his plays.
  • Florence Nightingale became an active Madrigal because of treating people that are injured from war.
  • Abagail Adams is the wife of non-Cahill second president of United States, John Adams.

Vespers[edit]

  • Vesper Six (The Enforcer): Cheyenne Wyoming (imprisoned)
  • Vesper Five (The Spymaster): Luna Amato (deceased)
  • Vesper Four (The Scientist): Sandy Bancroft (imprisoned)
  • Vesper Three (The Mole): Sinead Starling (quit Vespers)
  • Vesper Two (The Shield): Isabel Kabra (deceased)
  • Vesper One (The Mastermind): Damien Vesper, a descendant of the original Damien Vesper. (deceased)
  • Vesper Zero (Double Agent): Miles Evergreen A member of the Super- Branch (In Hiding)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "CliqueMe: Natalie Kabra in The Cahill Web". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  2. ^ a b Riordan, Rick (September 2008). The Maze of Bones. New York: Scholastic Corporation. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-545-06039-4. 
  3. ^ Riordan, Rick (September 2008). The Maze of Bones. New York: Scholastic Corporation. p. 81. ISBN 978-0-545-06039-4. 
  4. ^ Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Top Secret File for Money Card #70". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Peterson Haddix, Margaret (August 2009). Into the Gauntlet. New York: Scholastic Corporation. ISBN 978-0-545-06050-9. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Top Secret File for Bonus Card #433". Retrieved 27 April 2010. 
  7. ^ a b c d e Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "MIT Compass: Arthur Trent in The Cahill Web". Retrieved 29 April 2010. 
  8. ^ a b Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Top Secret File for The Lucian Branch". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "The 39 Clues Card Checklist" (PDF). Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  10. ^ a b Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "CliqueMe: Hamilton Holt in The Cahill Web". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  11. ^ Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Sneaky Parenting: Mary-Todd Holt". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  12. ^ Riordan, Rick (September 2008). The Maze of Bones. New York: Scholastic Corporation. p. 140. ISBN 978-0-545-06039-4. 
  13. ^ a b Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Thompson Falls Middle School: New PE Classes Added to Spring Curriculum". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g Carman, Patrick (August 2009). The Black Circle. New York: Scholastic Corporation. ISBN 978-0-545-06045-5. 
  15. ^ Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Back Image of Agent Card #123". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  16. ^ Wikibruce, Various. "Front Image of Agent Card #34". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  17. ^ Riordan, Rick (September 2008). The Maze of Bones. New York: Scholastic Corporation. p. 12. ISBN 978-0-545-06039-4. 
  18. ^ a b Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Copy of Ekaterina Archives: Alistair Oh". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  19. ^ Riordan, Rick (September 2008). The Maze of Bones. New York: Scholastic Corporation. p. 122. ISBN 978-0-545-06039-4. 
  20. ^ a b Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Top Secret File for The Ekaterina Branch". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  21. ^ Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "CliqueMe: Ned Starling in The Cahill Web". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  22. ^ Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Top Secret File for Bonus Card #423". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  23. ^ Wikibruce, Various. "Front Image of Founder Card #107". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  24. ^ Wikibruce, Various. "Front Image of Agent Card #74". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  25. ^ a b Riordan, Rick (September 2008). The Maze of Bones. New York: Scholastic Corporation. p. 76. ISBN 978-0-545-06039-4. 
  26. ^ Riordan, Rick (September 2008). The Maze of Bones. New York: Scholastic Corporation. p. 80. ISBN 978-0-545-06039-4. 
  27. ^ Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "TeenLyfe: Jonah Wizard in The Cahill Web". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  28. ^ Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Jonah Wizard Game in The Cahill Web". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  29. ^ Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "CliqueMe: Amy Cahill in The Cahill Web". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  30. ^ a b Riordan, Rick (September 2008). The Maze of Bones. New York: Scholastic Corporation. p. 5. ISBN 978-0-545-06039-4. 
  31. ^ Riordan, Rick (September 2008). The Maze of Bones. New York: Scholastic Corporation. pp. 8, 22, 55. ISBN 978-0-545-06039-4. 
  32. ^ a b c Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "The Boston Beacon: Hope Cahill and Arthur Trent in The Cahill Web". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  33. ^ Riordan, Rick (September 2008). The Maze of Bones. New York: Scholastic Corporation. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-545-06039-4. 
  34. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "The Attleboro Gazette: Grace Cahill in The Cahill Web". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  35. ^ Riordan, Rick (September 2008). The Maze of Bones. New York: Scholastic Corporation. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-545-06039-4. 
  36. ^ a b c d e f g h Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Mission 1: The Lost Clue". Retrieved 8 May 2010. 
  37. ^ Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "McIntyre, MacArthur, Mulligan, and Smood: Grace Cahill's Will in The Cahill Web". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  38. ^ Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Top Secret File for Secret Card Amy Hope Cahill: Leader of The Madrigals After Grace Cahill Dies.Becomes Leader in Book Ten.#137". Retrieved 29 April 2010. 
  39. ^ Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "McIntyre, MacArthur, Mulligan, and Smood: Attorney's at Law in The Cahill Web". Retrieved 29 April 2010. 
  40. ^ a b c Carman, Patrick (2009). The 39 Clues Book Five: The Black Circle (CD). David Pittu. Scholastic Corporation. 
  41. ^ Wikibruce, Various. "Front Image of Agent Card #168". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  42. ^ Wikibruce, Various. "Front Image of Agent Card #188". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  43. ^ Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Top Secret File for The Tomas Branch". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  44. ^ Wikibruce, Various. "Front Image of Agent Card #152". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  45. ^ a b c Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Top Secret File for The Janus Branch". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  46. ^ Korman, Gordon (2010). The 39 Clues Book Eight: The Emperor's Code (CD). David Pittu. Scholastic Corporation. 
  47. ^ a b c d e f g Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Top Secret File for Founder Card No. 124". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  48. ^ a b c Lerangis, Peter (March 2009). The Sword Thief. New York: Scholastic Corporation. ISBN 978-0-545-06043-1. 
  49. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Park, Linda Sue (May 2010). Storm Warning. New York: Scholastic Corporation. p. 25. ISBN 978-0-545-06049-3. 
  50. ^ a b Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Top Secret File for Founder Card #99". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  51. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Watson, Jude (June 2008). Beyond The Grave. New York: Scholastic Corporation. ISBN 978-0-545-06044-8. 
  52. ^ a b c Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "The Boston Beacon: Hope Cahill in The Cahill Web". Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  53. ^ a b c Lerangis, Peter (February 2010). The Viper's Nest. New York: Scholastic Corporation. ISBN 978-0-545-06047-9. 
  54. ^ a b Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "The Attleboro Gazette in The Cahill Web". Retrieved 29 April 2010. 
  55. ^ Riordan, Rick (September 2008). The Maze of Bones. New York: Scholastic Corporation. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-545-06039-4. 
  56. ^ Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "CliqueMe: Saladin in The Cahill Web". Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  57. ^ Riordan, Rick (September 2008). The Maze of Bones. New York: Scholastic Corporation. p. 170. ISBN 978-0-545-06039-4. 
  58. ^ a b c d e f g Riordan, Rick (September 2008). The Maze of Bones. New York: Scholastic Corporation. ISBN 978-0-545-06039-4. 
  59. ^ a b c d e Korman, Gordon (December 2008). One False Note. New York: Scholastic Corporation. ISBN 978-0-545-06042-4. 
  60. ^ Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Top Secret File for Founder Card #115". Retrieved 29 April 2010. 
  61. ^ a b c Watson, Jude (November 2009). In Too Deep. New York: Scholastic Corporation. ISBN 978-0-545-06046-2. 
  62. ^ Wikibruce, Various. "Front Image of Agent Card #23". Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  63. ^ Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Top Secret File for Card #23". Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  64. ^ Wikibruce, Various. "Back Image of Agent Card #39". Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  65. ^ Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Klose Encounters: Gordon Klose in The Cahill Web". Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  66. ^ Wikibruce, Various. "Front Image of Agent Card #40". Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  67. ^ Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Lucian Archives: Alana Flores in The Cahill Web". Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  68. ^ Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Top Secret File for Card #50". Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  69. ^ Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Tomas Archives: Heinrich Heinrichson in The Cahill Web". Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  70. ^ Wikibruce, Various. "Front Image of Agent Card #97". Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  71. ^ Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Top Secret File for Card #97". Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  72. ^ a b Wikibruce, Various. "Front Image of Agent Card #151". Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  73. ^ Wikibruce, Various. "Back Image of Agent Card #151". Retrieved 8 May 2010. 
  74. ^ Wikibruce, Various. "Front Image of Agent Card #169". Retrieved 8 May 2010. 
  75. ^ Wikibruce, Various. "Back Image of Agent Card #169". Retrieved 8 May 2010. 
  76. ^ Wikibruce, Various. "Front Image of Agent Card #179". Retrieved 8 May 2010. 
  77. ^ Wikibruce, Various. "Back Image of Agent Card #179". Retrieved 8 May 2010. 
  78. ^ Wikibruce, Various. "Front Image of Agent Card #189". Retrieved 8 May 2010. 
  79. ^ Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Top Secret File for Agent Card #5". Retrieved 8 May 2010. 
  80. ^ a b c d Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Mission 3: The Lost Diamond". Retrieved 8 May 2010. 
  81. ^ a b c d Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Mission 4: The Lucian Fort". Retrieved 20 May 2010. 
  82. ^ a b Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Mission 5: The General's Clue". Retrieved 20 May 2010. 
  83. ^ a b c d Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Mission 6: The Mad Scientist's Clue". Retrieved 20 May 2010. 
  84. ^ a b c Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "CliqueMe: Nellie Gomez in The Cahill Web". Retrieved 20 May 2010. 
  85. ^ a b c d William Wu's Multimedia Reviews, The Future of Books. "The 39 Clues: In Too Deep by Jude Watson". Retrieved 20 May 2010. 
  86. ^ a b c William Wu's Multimedia Reviews, The Future of Books. "The 39 Clues: The Viper's Nest by Peter Lerangis". Retrieved 20 May 2010. 
  87. ^ "Nobel Laureate Facts". Retrieved 26 November 2008. 
  88. ^ Robert Chambers, Book of Days
  89. ^ a b c d Scholastic Corporation, The 39 Clues. "Mission 2: The Emperor's Secret". Retrieved 8 May 2010. 
  90. ^ He was originally named Otto Ludwig and Friedrich Wilhelm was his father, but on 8 September 1845 he was called Ludwig, after his grandfather, who was born on the same day (St Ludwig's Day). See Böhm 1924, pp. 1f; Chapman-Huston 1955, p. 4; Schlim 2005, p. 5.
  91. ^ See e.g., Adreßbuch von München 1876, p. 1.
  92. ^ Robert W. Tucker, and David C. Hendrickson, Empire of Liberty: The Statecraft of Thomas Jefferson (1990)
  93. ^ Page 188, Andrew Cook, Ace of Spies: The True Story of Sidney Reilly, 2004, Tempus Publishing, ISBN 0-7524-2959-0.
  94. ^ Robin Bruce Lockhart, Reilly: Ace of Spies; 1986, Hippocrene Books, ISBN 0-88029-072-2.
  95. ^ Pages 133 to 136, Richard Deacon, Spyclopaedia; 1987, Macdonald & Company Publishers Ltd, ISBN 0-356-14600-6.
  96. ^ Richard B. Spence, Trust No One: The Secret World Of Sidney Reilly; 2002, Feral House, ISBN 0-922915-79-2.