List of Thinker sculptures

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"The Thinker" in front of Philosophy Hall at Columbia University
"The Thinker" in front of the Rodin Museum in Philadelphia

This is a list of Thinker sculptures made by Auguste Rodin. The original Thinker was a part of Rodin's The Gates of Hell. The sculpture exists in several versions. The original size and the later monumental size versions were both created by Rodin. The most valuable versions are those created under Rodin's supervision. There were also other casts made from the original plaster mold by the Musee Rodin after his death in a limited edition of 12 copies. The Thinker exists as bronze casts, exhibition plaster casts (some were painted to look like bronze patina), and original production plasters which some consider art objects today.

Copies of the Thinker made during Rodin's lifetime[edit]

Vandals damaged The Thinker at the Cleveland Museum of Art. It remains unrepaired. According to police, the perpetrators were a faction of the Weathermen, possibly the same individuals killed in a bomb-making accident in New York City[1] No one was ever charged.[2])
The Thinker at the Cantor Arts Center of Stanford University
Location Size Material Date Notes References
National Gallery of Victoria Original Bronze 1884 Earliest bronze casting, has Florentine cap [3]
Musée d'Art et d'Histoire (Geneva) Original Bronze 1896 [4]
National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. Original Bronze 1901 [5]
Destroyed Monumental Plaster, bronze-tinted 1904 Earliest monumental, displayed outside Paris Pantheon, destroyed January 1905 by madman [6]
University of Louisville Monumental Bronze 1903 First casting by A. A. Hébrard, lost wax technique, displayed at Louisiana Purchase Exposition [6][7]
Detroit Institute of Arts Monumental Bronze 1903 First casting by Alexis Rudier, sand casting, 4 days younger than Louisville copy,
publicly displayed at Leipzig and Berlin
[8]
Metropolitan Museum, New York Monumental Plaster, bronze-tinted 1904 Sent to Louisiana Purchase Exhibition to replace the bronze version [6]
Musée Rodin Monumental Bronze 1904 Installed outside Paris Panthéon in 1906, moved to Musée Rodin garden in 1922 [9]
Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek Monumental Bronze 1904 the "third Hébrard copy" [6][1]
Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden Monumental Plaster 1904 acquired by museum in October, 1904 [6]
National Museum, Poznań Monumental Plaster 1904 acquired in January 1905 [6][10]
Legion of Honor, San Francisco Monumental Bronze 1904 Alexis Rudier cast, purchased in 1915, donated to San Fransisco in 1922 [11]
Private collection Original Bronze 1906 made for Ralph Pulitzer, sold for $15.3 million in 2013 [12]
Strasbourg Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art Monumental Plaster by 1907 exhibited in Strasbourg in 1907 before museum's purchase [13]
Ca' Pesaro, Venice Monumental Plaster, bronze-tinted by 1907 purchased at the 1907 Biennale [14]
Waldemarsudde, Sweden Monumental Bronze 1908 Alexis Rudier cast, for Prince Eugen of Norway and Sweden [15]
Private collection Original Bronze 1916 sold for $11.8 million in 2010 [16][17]
Rodin's tomb, Meudon Monumental Bronze 1916 Alexis Rudier cast, placed at the grave when his wife died [6]
Cleveland Museum of Art Monumental Bronze 1916 Alexis Rudier cast, purchased 1916, badly damaged by vandalism in 1970, displayed in an unrepaired state [2][18][1]
Musée Rodin at Meudon Monumental Plaster, bronze-tinted by 1916 the museum has several plaster casts in different sizes and of different ages [19]

Later casts[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

Laeken Cemetery, Belgium

North America[edit]

Copy of The Thinker in The Thinker Sculpture Court, Adrian College, Adrian, Michigan

South America[edit]

"The Thinker" in the Congressional Plaza in Buenos Aires.

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

North America[edit]

Damaged Thinker in Cleveland, Ohio

South America[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Twenty-Five Years After the Bomb: Maintaining Cleveland's The Thinker" 37 (2). Journal of the American Institute of Conservation. 1998. 
  2. ^ a b "The Thinker Vandalized" The Cleveland Museum of Art
  3. ^ Two insights into Auguste Rodin’s The thinker, François Blanchetière and David Thurrowgood, Art Journal of the National Gallery of Victoria, 2013
  4. ^ Le Penseur, élément de la Porte de l'Enfer, Musée d'art et d'histoire, Genève
  5. ^ The Thinker (Le Penseur), National Gallery of Art
  6. ^ a b c d e f g The Enlarged Thinker, Plasters, RODIN-WEB
  7. ^ Fact Sheet: The Thinker at the University of Louisville, Janene Zaccone, University of Louisville, April 9, 2012
  8. ^ The Thinker, Detroit Institute of Arts
  9. ^ The Thinker, Musée Rodin
  10. ^ The Digital Sculpture Project: Applying 3D Scanning Techniques for the Morphological Comparison of Sculptures, Hans de Roos, Computer and Information Science, Vol. 9 (2004), No. 2
  11. ^ The Thinker, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco
  12. ^ Now that's something to ponder: Auguste Rodin's The Thinker sells for a record $15.3 million at auction, Daily Mail, 9 May 2013
  13. ^ SURVEY OF THE LARGE THINKER PLASTER CAST IN STRASBOURG (1)
  14. ^ Rodin Auguste, Catalogue of Ca' Pesaro
  15. ^ Auguste Rodin, Prins Eugens Waldemarsudde
  16. ^ Sotheby's marks a solid night at Impressionist sale, Reuters, CHRISTOPHER MICHAUD, May 6, 2010
  17. ^ [1]
  18. ^ "A God Among Men". The Cleveland Free Times. 
  19. ^ The Thinker, JocondePortail des collections des musées de France
  20. ^ "[2]
  21. ^ "Rodin's Thinker", Kyoto National Museum. Accessed January 2014.
  22. ^ "The Thinker (Enlarged)", National Museum of Western Art. Accessed 20 March 2013.
  23. ^ "List of works at Rodin wing", Shizuoka Prefectural Art Museum. Accessed 20 March 2013.
  24. ^ "[3]"
  25. ^ "Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco List of Thinkers, Accessed January 2014
  26. ^ Browse by Title - Norton Simon Museum
  27. ^ http://news.stanford.edu/news/2012/january/rodin-thinker-cantor-012412.html
  28. ^ Panoramio - Photo of Réplica firmada de &quote;El pensador&quote; de August Rodin
  29. ^ "BBC, Buenos Aires Thinker vandalized, Accessed January 2014
  30. ^ a b "The enlarged Thinker: New posthumous bronze casts", penseur.org. Accessed 20 March 2013.
  31. ^ "Donation of Rodin's 'the Thinker':A Generous Birthday Give [sic] to NTHU", National Tsing Hua University. Accessed 20 March 2013.
  32. ^ [4]
  33. ^ Auguste Rodin, The Thinker
  34. ^ MacLaren Art Centre - Media Releases - The Thinker Reviewed
  35. ^ "Born of Hell, Lost After Inferno", 2002, NY Times
  36. ^ City of Goldendale - Arts & Culture
  37. ^ Auguste Rodin — The Thinker
  38. ^ http://www.openvegas.com/forum/thread/87556/pr-martin-lawrence-galleries-delivers-world-renowned-masterpieces-to-t/
  39. ^ "Photo of the Authorized replica in the Ricardo Brennand Institute". 
  40. ^ "?". 
  41. ^ http://www.orm.com.br/plantao/noticia/default.asp?id_noticia=170412

External links[edit]