List of Tibetan monasteries
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This list of Tibetan monasteries is a listing of historical and contemporary monasteries in Tibet sorted according to the five principal orders of the Tibetan spiritual traditions that have been recognized by the present Dalai Lama, including monasteries that were within Tibetan borders when extant, or were culturally included within the Tibetan tradition. To be included in the list, there should be a Wikipedia article on the monastery.
The three most important centers of the Gelugpa lineage are Sera, Drepung and Ganden Monasteries.
- Drepung — the home monastery of H.H. the Dalai Lama
- Ganden — the seat of the Ganden Tripa
- Jokhang — said to have been built by King Songtsen Gampo in 647 AD; a major pilgrimage site.
- Kirti Gompa — Ngawa City, the main city in Ngawa County, within the Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture in northwestern Sichuan
- Pabonka Hermitage
- Sera — the largest monastery in Tibet, containing numerous colleges.
- Tabo — the largest monastery in Spiti.
- Tashilhünpo — the seat of the Panchen Lama
- Tradruk Temple — the largest, oldest and most important monastery in the Yarlung Valley. Said to have been built by King Songtsen Gampo
- Yerpa - famous meditation site of King Songtsen Gampo and Padmasambhava.
Many Kagyu monasteries are in Kham, eastern Tibet. Tsurphu, one of the most important, is in central Tibet, as is Ralung.
- Palpung — the seat of the Tai Situpa and Jamgon Kongtrul
- Riwoche - seat of the Taklung Kagyu lineage
- Surmang — the seat of the Trungpa tülkus
- Tsurphu — the seat of H.H. the Gyalwa Karmapa
- Hemis in Ladakh
- Kardang, the main monastery in Lahaul
- Punakha Dzong, the winter home of the Central Monk Body
- Ralung -- the seat of the Gyalwang Drukpa
- Tashichho Dzong, Thimphu which houses the Central Monk Body in summer
The Nyingma lineage is said to have "six mother monasteries", although the composition of the list has changed over time:
Also of note are:
- Samye — the first monastery in Tibet, established by Padmasambhava and Shantarakshita
- Yarchen Gar - the largest monastery in the world.
Other Nyingma monasteries:
- Tsozong Gongba
- Tibet Institute Rikon in Switzerland. Note: Since 2007, the monastery comprises representatives of all four great traditions of Tibetan Buddhism: Nyingma, Kagyu, Sakya and Gelug.