List of Triumph motorcycles

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A list of motorcycles produced under the Triumph brand by both the original company, Triumph Engineering Co Ltd, and its later incarnations, and the current Triumph Motorcycles Ltd.

Triumph Engineering Co Ltd[edit]

Known as the Meriden, West Midlands, UK era, 1902–1983.

Pre-war[edit]

Model Engine Years Notes
First model 1902-1904 used Minerva, JAP and Fafnir engines
Second Model 3 hp 1905 Triumph used their own engine for the first time, 250 were made
Model 474 cc 1908-1909 production up to 3000 in 1909
Model Roadster 500 cc 1910-1913 single speed, optional rear hub clutch as the 'free engine' model
Model C 550 cc 1913-1914 Three speed Sturmey Archer rear wheel hub
Model TT 500 cc 1909-1914 short wheelbase and no pedals. Types, D,F and K
Model H 550 cc 1915-1926 Fitted with a three speed Sturmey Archer gearbox
Model SD 550 cc 1920-1926 The SD(Spring Drive)SV, three speed Triumph gearbox
Model R 500 cc 1921-1926 Designed by Harry Ricardo. OHV with a 4 valve head
Model P 500 cc 1925–1926 made down to the price of £42.17.6
XO 150 cc ohv 1933
2/1 & 2/L1 (Light Weight) 250 cc ohv single 1934-1936
6/1 650 cc 1933-1935 Parallel twin. Predates the "Turner Twins". Scrapped when Turner came in, the design later resurfaced, modified, as the BSA A10.
2H, 2H, 3S, 3SC, 3SE, 3H, 5H, 6S, 1937-1940
Tiger 70 249 cc ohv single 1937-1940
Tiger 80 349 cc ohv single 1937-1940
Tiger 90 497 cc ohv single 1937-1940
5T Speed Twin 498 cc ohv 1937-40,1946–58 parallel twin
Tiger 100 498 cc ohv 1938-40,1946–59
2HC 250 cc ohv 1938-1939 C stands for coil ignition

Post-war[edit]

Model Engine Years Notes
Triumph Grand Prix 500 cc OHV 500 cc 1947–9 Used an all alloy stationary engine, designed to power military generators during the war.
TR5 Trophy 500 cc 1949–1958 Competition bike winner of ISDT Trophy for 4 years
Triumph TRW500 500 cc 1950–1964 Side valve military production motorcycle
6T Thunderbird 650 cc twin
3TA or Triumph Twenty One 350 cc (i.e. 21 cubic inches) 1957–1966 First 350 cc unit construction machine and debut of the distinctive "bath-tub". Alternator electrical system.
5TA or Triumph Speed Twin 500 cc 1957–1966 First 500 cc 'unit construction' machine. Alternator electrical system.
T90 350 cc 1963–1969 "Tiger 90", sports version of the 3TA (still single carburettor). (Note, there'd been an earlier Tiger 90, a 500 cc in 1937).
T100 500 cc 1959 Sports version of the 5T "Speed Twin"
T100A 1960–1961 Sports version of the 5TA, first Tiger with 'unit construction', 'bathtub' rear enclosure
T100SS 1962-1968? Sports version of the 5TA
T100S Tiger Sports
T100R Daytona 500 cc 1966–1974 Road version of the racing twin. Built as an answer to Honda's 444 cc Black Bomber. Tested at 110+mph, topped 150 in race trim.
T110 Tiger 650 cc Sports model capable of 110 mph
TR5T Adventurer/Trophy Trail 500 cc 1972–1974 On/off road style
TR25W Trophy 250 250 cc 1968-1970 Single-cylinder engine based on the BSA B25 Starfire (not the Tiger Cub).
T100C Trophy 500 cc 1958-? First use of twin carb splayed head, later used on T120
TR6 Trophy 650 cc 1956–1968
TR6C Trophy 650 cc C is the 'Competition' Model. High pipes on left side. Frequently referred to as desert sleds when used for racing in the Western US. Lower overall gear ratios.
TR6R Tiger 650 cc 1969-72 R is "Road" Model. Trophy renamed Tiger for the 650cc single carb as distinguished from the twin carb of the Bonneville (TR120) 650cc. 500cc Tiger single carb renamed Trophy.
TR7V Tiger 750 cc thru78 Almost identical to the T140; differentiated by the Tiger having a single (as opposed to twin) carburettor. Other differences being cosmetic. "V" identifies 5 speed gearbox.
Terrier 150 cc
Tiger Cub 200 cc 1954–1968 Single-cylinder based on the Terrier.
T120 Bonneville 650 cc Descended directly from the Tiger 110. Twin Carburettor.
Thruxton Bonneville Built May 1965 Production racer (52 total machines built)
T140 Bonneville 750 cc 1973-1983 Produced at the Meriden factory and after its closure, for a short time in Devon.
Tina Scooter (later T 10) 100 cc 1962–1970 Re-designated "T10" in 1965.
Tigress Scooter 175 cc 2-stroke / 250 cc 4-stroke 1959–1965
T140W TSS 750 cc 8-valve head
T140D Bonneville Special 750 cc Custom style
T140E 750 cc Emissions-controlled
Triumph T140 TSX Custom style
TS8-1 Show prototype anti-vibration 8 valve
Bonneville Executive faired tourer with luggage
Triumph TR65 Thunderbird 650 cc T140 derivative, 76x71.5 giving 649 short stroke engine
TR7T Tiger Trail 750c On/off road style
TR65T Tiger Trail 650 cc On/off road style with TR65 engine
T140LE Royal Wedding Bonneville 750 cc 1981 250 of these to commemorate the Prince of Wales' marriage
T140J Bonneville Silver Jubilee 750 cc 1977 2500 of these commemorated Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom's Silver Jubilee
T140AV, TR7AV, TSSAV Anti-Vibration police models
TR7VS Tiger Electro Electric start
T140ES Bonneville Electro Electric start
TR6 Thunderbird 600 cc Show prototype custom style
Daytona 600 600 cc Show prototype
TSX8 Show prototype 8-valve custom style

Triples[edit]

For full detail see BSA Rocket 3/Triumph Trident (for corresponding BSA models see BSA Triples)

Model First year Last year Notes
T150 1969 1972
T150V 1971 1974 5-speed gearbox
X75 1973 The first production 'Custom' motorcycle–styled by Craig Vetter
T160 1975

From 1985 to 1988[edit]

Triumph Motorcycles Limited[edit]

Known as the Hinckley, Leicestershire era, 1990–.

Model Engine Years Notes
Daytona 750 748 cc 1990–1992 Triple with short-stroke crank fitted (900 has the long throw crank). Aimed at Super sports market but more of a sports-tourer. Only circa 240 made. These are now very collectable.
Daytona 1000 998 cc 1990–1992 Sports bike using four-cylinder version of the short-stroke 750 Daytona/Trident engine
Trophy 900 885 cc 1990–2002 From 1995 it received a completely new (and much larger) fairing, designed by John Mockett, standard fit panniers and a new exhaust system with low slung silencers to allow the panniers to fit.
Trophy 1200 1180 cc 1990–2004 Initially 141 bhp sports tourer, using 4-cylinder long-stroke version of modular engine. From 1995 it received a completely new (and much larger) fairing, designed by John Mockett, standard fit panniers and a new exhaust system with low slung silencers to allow the panniers to fit. Engine retuned to 108 bhp with improved torque.
Trophy SE[1] 1215 cc 2013- Full touring motorcycle, sharing its all new (and shaft driven) 1215 triple with the (Adventure styled) Tiger Explorer. Initially sold as a "basic" Trophy and an "SE" (the "basic" version was never available in the US), only the SE is currently listed.
Trident 750 748 cc Naked version of short stroke triple engined bike.
Trident 900 885 cc Naked version of long stroke triple engined bike.
Trident Sprint 900 885 cc Standard Trident, fitted with very effective twin headlamp half fairing.
Sprint 900 885 cc As above but, as model became well known in its own right, Triumph decided to drop the "Trident" part of the name. Facelifted in 1995 to include new (unique to the Sprint, at the time) side panels and tail light.
Sprint 900 Sport 885 cc Sprint with improved suspension, higher pegs and exhausts (all taken from the, then current, speed triple) and lower bars (taken from the early Trophy). Probably the best mix of all parts from the initial modular range of Hinckley Triumphs.
Sprint 900 Executive 885 cc Sprint with panniers, exhausts and footrest hangers taken from the post 1995 Triumph Trophy.
Daytona 900 885 cc 1992–1997 A combination of the original 750 Daytona with the long stroke 900 engine and a slightly more a cceptable riding position. Still too heavy and large to be a true sports bike, but a very charismatic and robust high speed, long distance, tourer.
Daytona 900 Super III 885 cc 1994–1996 A standard 900 Daytona with a Cosworth modified engine producing claimed 115 bhp, fitted with a few carbon fibre extras. The Daytona on which it was based was never a true sports bike, being too heavy (especially top heavy) and unwieldy to compete with current sports bikes. The Super III was an attempt to shed weight and increase power, but combined with a very high price, only served to underline that this was a step too far for the original modular design. These have become collectible bikes.
Daytona 1200 1180 cc 1992–1999 147 bhp 4 cyl Sports Tourer. Though discontinued in '96, it was relaunched as a "Special Edition" in '98. Only 250 individually numbered machines were produced (the number being shown on a specially engraved plaque on the headstock). It featured with 6 pot brakes (from the Super III), black paint with gold lettering and gold wheels. One of the special plaques was damaged in production and, when another one was ordered, it came as "number 251" in error.
Thunderbird 900 885 cc 1995–2004

Triumph's first attempt to revive a classic-styled motorcycle based on its heritage, using the original modular platform. Bike sported 18" front tire and 16" rear, detuned the 885 motor to 70 hp with better lower-end torque.5-speed until engine number 71843, then all fitted with 6-speed.

Triumph Adventurer 900 885 cc 1996–2000 Thunderbird with wider 19" front tyre, plus bob-tail rear fender similar to cruiser bike. Triumph's first attempt at a cruiser, using the modular platform. All from engine number 71843 are 6 speed.
Thunderbird Sport 900 885 cc 1997–2000, 2003–2004 Thunderbird with wider 17" tyres, plus "arguably" uprated engine (the only real visual difference is with the exhaust system), however the suspension and brakes are improved with twin disc set up. All 6-speed and 82 bhp.
Daytona T595 955 cc 1997–1999 The first true sports bike from the new Hinckley Triumph. Using an engine only very loosely based on the long stroke triple motor, it was much lighter, more powerful and used a unique alloy perimeter frame allowing the low centre of gravity and dedicated sports bike handling necessary to compete in this market. It also had an alloy single sided swing arm that was very similar to that offered by Ducati in their then current 916. The first production bikes featured a polished alloy frame, but these examples very quickly picked up a reputation for catastrophic weld failure on the top rail leading to the headstock. The frames were soon modified with a much larger weld on the top tube, though they were never supplied polished again, reverting to a silver/grey paint finish.
Daytona 955i 955 cc 1999–2006 The T595 was renamed 955 as it was too often thought to be a 600 cc bike! It gradually evolved with a new bodywork and improved engine mapping. It lost the single sided swinging arm at one point, but then reverted to a single sided arm around a year later. Model eventually discontinued and never replaced as factory felt that the high level of investment necessary to stay competitive in the large sports bike market wasn't justified.

Also "CE" (Centennial Edition) version 2002

Daytona 600 599 cc 2002–2004
Daytona 650 646 cc 2005–2006 Longer stroke version of Daytona 600
Daytona 675 675 cc 2006 on All new bike with all new three cylinder engine
TT 600 599 cc 2000–2002
Scrambler 900 865 cc 2006– Street–scrambler styled trail bike, based on the 865 cc Bonneville, 270° crank, high level exhaust system. Electronic Fuel Injection from 2008MY(UK) 2009MY(ROW)
Thruxton 900 865 cc 2004– Bonneville based cafe racer
Sprint RS 955 cc 1999–2004
Sprint ST 955/1050 cc 1999 on 1999–2005 955 cc, 2005 on 1050 cc
Sprint GT 1050 cc 2010 on Liquid-cooled, 12 valve, DOHC, in-line 3-cylinder producing 128 bhp/96 kW @ 9200rpm and torque 108Nm/80 ft.lbs @ 6300rpm. ABS Standard. Available in Pacific Blue, Aluminium Silver and Phantom Black.
Legend TT 885 cc 1998–2000
Speedmaster 790 cc 2003–2004 Cruiser based on the Bonneville, the engine being at 270° instead of 360°
Speedmaster 900 865 cc 2005- Cruiser based on the Bonneville T100, the engine being at 270° instead of 360°
Adventurer 885 cc 1996–2001 Restyled Thunderbird 900
Triumph Bonneville America 790/865 cc 2002 on 2002–2006 790 cc, 2007 on 865 cc. 2008 on fuel injected
Rocket III 2294 cc 2005 Long distance touring Cruiser
Rocket III Classic 2294 cc
Rocket III Touring 2294 cc 2008- Hard luggage standard equipment, less bhp, more torque than standard model
Rocket III Roadster 2294 cc 2010-
Triumph Bonneville 790 790/865 cc 2001-2007 790 cc, 2007 on 865 cc After 10 years of producing bikes around a modern engine, Triumph eventually succumbed to the need to build a true modern version of the classic Bonneville. Using a counterbalanced air and oil cooled parallel twin motor, it looked as close to the original '60's version of the unit construction Bonneville as it was possible to within current noise and emission regulations. In 2002 Triumph released a limited edition model to commemorate the 50th Anniversary of Queen Elizabeth's coronation. These collectable bikes were dubbed the "Golden Jubilee" and featured an exclusive paint scheme and badging.
Triumph Bonneville T100 790/865 cc 2002-2005 790 cc, 2006 on 865 cc, 2008 fuel injection replaced carbs
Speed Triple 750 748 cc Budget Speed Triple using 750 Trident engine, only in production for a very short time. Using identical components to the 900 version, the only way to tell this model apart is the larger (18") diameter rear wheel, with 6 spokes rather than 3.
Speed Triple 900 885 cc 1994–1997

Triumph's very successful attempt at a streetfighter motorcycle, similar to how owners were "stripping down" modern sport bikes. Essentially a Daytona 900 without a fairing and fitted with a single round headlamp and conventional paired instrument pod. Originally (and pointlessly) sold with just a 5 speed gearbox, but later versions had the same 6 ratios as the 900 Daytona. Wildly successful and included its own racing series. Still top heavy and not a true sports bike, but one of the most charismatic bikes of the decade. Nearly always sold in all black, with orange being rare and yellow extremely rare.

Speed Triple T509 885 cc 1997–1999

Replacing the original 900 Speed Triple using, logically, the frame, motor (though originally in 885 cc, rather than 955 cc, guise) and much of the running gear from the new T595 sports bike. Again, there was no fairing, although this time it had twin headlamps in chrome pods to follow the "Street fighter" line, rather than the earlier "cafe racer" appearance. Much lighter and easier to handle than the earlier 900 Speed Triple it was equally successful, though the appearance of the new engine was probably better suited to being hidden behind a fairing.

Speed Triple 955i 955 cc 1999–2005
Speed Triple 1050 1050 cc 2005 on
Street Triple 675 675 cc 2008 on Scaled down Speed Triple, based on Daytona 675 Chassis
Speed Four 599 cc 2002-2005 Stripped down TT600 with reworked engine
Tiger 900 885 cc 1993–1998 Dual sport with desert racer styling
Tiger 885 cc 1999–2001 Revamped model with fuel-injected motor based on T509 Speed Triple
Tiger 955i 955 cc 2001–2006 Increased displacement to 955cc, gradual changes made until end of production in 2006
Tiger 1050 1050 cc 2007 on
Tiger 800 800 cc 2011 on All-new smaller Tiger with an engine based in part on the existing 675cc motor used in the Daytona 675 and Street Triple; also equipped with cast wheels, 19" front and 17" rear
Tiger 800 XC 800 cc 2011 on Released simultaneously with the more road-oriented Tiger 800, the XC model has uprated suspension and spoked wheels in 21" front and 17" rear sizes for improved offroad performance
Triumph Thunderbird 1,600 and 1,700 cc 2009 85 bhp(1600) 97 bhp (1700) bhp Parallel Twin, belt-drive cruiser

References[edit]